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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210296, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been used to regenerate damaged nervous tissues. However, the methods of committing DPSCs into neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) or neurospheres are highly diverse, resulting in many neuronal differentiation outcomes. This study aims to validate an optimal protocol for inducing DPSCs into neurospheres and neurons. Methodology After isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cell identity, DPSCs were cultured in a NSPC induction medium and culture vessels. The durations of the culture, dissociation methods, and passage numbers of DPSCs were varied. Results Neurosphere formation requires a special surface that inhibits cell attachment. Five-days was the most appropriate duration for generating proliferative neurospheres and they strongly expressed Nestin, an NSPC marker. Neurosphere reformation after being dissociated by the Accutase enzyme was significantly higher than other methods. Passage number of DPSCs did not affect neurosphere formation, but did influence neuronal differentiation. We found that the cells expressing a neuronal marker, β-tubulin III, and exhibiting neuronal morphology were significantly higher in the early passage of the DPSCs. Conclusion These results suggest a guideline to obtain a high efficiency of neurospheres and neuronal differentiation from DPSCs for further study and neurodegeneration therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Dental Pulp , Cell Differentiation
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(1): 208-211, Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840956

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to observe morphological changes of the cultured otocysts isolated from various stages of the chick embryo. Isolated otocysts were dissected from embryonic day, E2.5-4.5 of incubation (HH stage 16-26) according to stages of developing inner ear. Morphology of the chick otocyst exhibited an ovoid shape. The width and height of the otocyst were 0.2 mm and 0.3 mm, respectively. Elongation of a tube-like structure, the endolymphatic duct, was found at the dorsal aspect of the otocyst. The cultured otocyst is lined by the otic epithelium and surrounding periotic mesenchymal cells started to migrate outwards the lateral aspect of such epithelium. Notably, the acoustic-vestibular ganglion (AVG) was observed at the ventrolateral aspect of the otocyst. Appearance of AVG in vitro can be applied for studying chemical-induced ototoxicity and sensorineural hearing loss. It was concluded that the organ-cultured otocyst of the chick embryo could be used as a model to study sensory organ development of avian inner ear.


El objetivo de este estudio fue observar los cambios morfológicos de otocistos cultivados aislados en las diversas etapas del desarrollo del embrión de pollo. Otocistos aislados fueron obtenidos de embriones día, E2.5-4.5 de incubación (HH etapa 16-26) de acuerdo a las etapas de desarrollo del oído interno. El otocisto de pollo presentó una morfología ovoide. El ancho y la altura del otocisto fue de 0,2 mm y 0,3 mm, respectivamente. En la cara dorsal del otocisto se visualizó el alargamiento de una estructura similar a un tubo, el conducto endolinfático. El otocisto cultivado está revestido por epitelio ótico y células mesenquimatosas perióticas que comienzan a migrar hacia el exterior de la cara lateral en búsqueda del epitelio. En particular, el ganglio acústico-vestibular (GAV) fue observado en la parte ventrolateral del otocisto. La aparición de GAV in vitro puede ser aplicado para el estudio de la ototoxicidad inducida por productos químicos y la pérdida de audición neurosensorial. Se concluyó que el otocisto cultivado de embrión de pollo podría ser utilizado como un modelo para estudiar el desarrollo de órganos sensoriales del oído interno aviar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo/anatomy & histology , Ear, Inner/embryology , Morphogenesis
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