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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e194-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892225

ABSTRACT

Background@#Since April 2015, the Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) has reimbursed breast cancer patients, approximately 50% of the cost of the breast reconstruction (BR) procedure. We aimed to investigate NHI reimbursement policy influence on the rate of immediate BR (IBR) following total mastectomy (TM). @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed breast cancer data between April 2011 and June 2016. We divided patients who underwent IBR following TM for primary breast cancer into “uninsured” and “insured” groups using their NHI statuses at the time of surgery. Univariate analyses determined the insurance influence on the decision to undergo IBR. @*Results@#Of 2,897 breast cancer patients, fewer uninsured patients (n = 625) underwent IBR compared with those insured (n = 325) (30.0% vs. 39.8%, P < 0.001). Uninsured patients were younger than those insured (median age [range], 43 [38–48] vs. 45 [40–50] years; P < 0.001).Pathologic breast cancer stage did not differ between the groups (P = 0.383). More insured patients underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.011), adjuvant radiotherapy (P < 0.001), and IBR with tissue expander insertion (P = 0.005) compared with those uninsured. @*Conclusion@#IBR rate in patients undergoing TM increased after NHI reimbursement.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e194-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899929

ABSTRACT

Background@#Since April 2015, the Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) has reimbursed breast cancer patients, approximately 50% of the cost of the breast reconstruction (BR) procedure. We aimed to investigate NHI reimbursement policy influence on the rate of immediate BR (IBR) following total mastectomy (TM). @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed breast cancer data between April 2011 and June 2016. We divided patients who underwent IBR following TM for primary breast cancer into “uninsured” and “insured” groups using their NHI statuses at the time of surgery. Univariate analyses determined the insurance influence on the decision to undergo IBR. @*Results@#Of 2,897 breast cancer patients, fewer uninsured patients (n = 625) underwent IBR compared with those insured (n = 325) (30.0% vs. 39.8%, P < 0.001). Uninsured patients were younger than those insured (median age [range], 43 [38–48] vs. 45 [40–50] years; P < 0.001).Pathologic breast cancer stage did not differ between the groups (P = 0.383). More insured patients underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.011), adjuvant radiotherapy (P < 0.001), and IBR with tissue expander insertion (P = 0.005) compared with those uninsured. @*Conclusion@#IBR rate in patients undergoing TM increased after NHI reimbursement.

3.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 34-37, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830573

ABSTRACT

Reduction mandibuloplasty is one of the most frequently performed aesthetic surgical procedures in Korea. Cases of facial nerve injury after mandibuloplasty have been reported, but most of those cases have not been clearly presented in detail. This report describes the case of a 38-year-old patient who underwent reduction mandibuloplasty at a local plastic surgery clinic. A massive bleeding event occurred during surgery, and hemostasis was performed by a surgeon at the local clinic. During an exploratory procedure, we found that the facial nerve trunk was clipped with a metallic hemoclip. We then straightened the pressed epineurium to its original shape under surgical microscopy. Oral prednisolone administration began on the first day after the procedure and was gradually tapered off. The patient showed some improvement after 7 weeks and showed 80% to 90% improvement after 5 months.

4.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 99-101, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713598

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.

5.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 12-18, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67978

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonliving chickens are commonly used as a microvascular anastomosis training model. However, previous studies have investigated only a few types of vessel, and no study has compared the characteristics of the various vessels. The present study evaluated the anatomic characteristics of various chicken vessels as a training model. METHODS: Eight vessels—the brachial artery, basilic vein, radial artery, ulnar artery, ischiatic artery and vein, cranial tibial artery, and common dorsal metatarsal artery—were evaluated in 26 fresh chickens and 30 chicken feet for external diameter (ED) and thicknesses of the tunica adventitia and media. The dissection time from skin incision to application of vessel clamps was also measured. RESULTS: The EDs of the vessels varied. The ischiatic vein had the largest ED of 2.69±0.33 mm, followed by the basilic vein (1.88±0.36 mm), ischiatic artery (1.68±0.24 mm), common dorsal metatarsal artery (1.23±0.23 mm), cranial tibial artery (1.18±0.19 mm), brachial artery (1.08±0.15 mm), ulnar artery (0.82±0.13 mm), and radial artery (0.56±0.12 mm), and the order of size was consistent across all subjects. Thicknesses of the tunica adventitia and media were also diverse, ranging from 74.09±19.91 µm to 158.66±40.25 µm (adventitia) and from 31.2±7.13 µm to 154.15±46.48 µm (media), respectively. Mean dissection time was <3 minutes for all vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that nonliving chickens can provide various vessels with different anatomic characteristics, which can allow trainees the choice of an appropriate microvascular anastomosis training model depending on their purpose and skillfulness.


Subject(s)
Adventitia , Anastomosis, Surgical , Arteries , Brachial Artery , Chickens , Foot , Metatarsal Bones , Models, Educational , Ocimum basilicum , Radial Artery , Skin , Tibial Arteries , Ulnar Artery , Veins
6.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 114-116, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99618

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibromatosis, Aggressive , Superficial Back Muscles , Tissue Donors
7.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 316-320, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167150

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: CGCryoDerm was first introduced in 2010 and offers a different matrix preservation processes for freezing without drying preparation. From a theoretical perspective, CGCryoDerm has a more preserved dermal structure and more abundant growth factors for angiogenesis and recellularization. In the current study, the authors performed a retrospective study to evaluate freezing- and freeze-drying-processed acellular dermal matrix (ADM) to determine whether any differences were present in an early complication profile. METHODS: Patients who underwent ADM-assisted tissue expander placement for two stage breast reconstruction between January of 2013 and March of 2014 were retrospectively reviewed and divided into two groups based on the types of ADM-assisted expander reconstruction (CGDerm vs. CGCryoDerm). Complications were divided into four main categories and recorded as follows: seroma, hematoma, infection, and mastectomy skin flap necrosis. RESULTS: In a total of 82 consecutive patients, the CGCryoDerm group had lower rates of seroma when compared to the CGDerm group without statistical significance (3.0% vs. 10.2%, P=0.221), respectively. Other complications were similar in both groups. Reconstructions with CGCryoDerm were found to have a significantly longer period of drainage when compared to reconstructions with CGDerm (11.91 days vs. 10.41 days, P=0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary findings indicate no significant differences in early complications between implant/expander-based reconstructions using CGCryoderm and those using CGDerm.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acellular Dermis , Drainage , Freezing , Hematoma , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Necrosis , Retrospective Studies , Seroma , Skin , Tissue Expansion Devices
8.
Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery ; : 51-64, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185382

ABSTRACT

This study provides a systematic review of the literature on nipple-sparing mastectomy and necrotic complications in order to estimate the prevalence of necrotic complications and to investigate their significant predictors. A literature search was conducted using the MEDLINE and Ovid databases. A pooled analysis was performed for calculation of the prevalence of nipple-areolar complex (NAC) necrosis, mastectomy flap necrosis, and overall necrotic complications and to evaluate the relationships between necrotic complications and potential risk factors. A total of 44 papers were analyzed. The prevalence of overall necrotic complications was 13.7%, including 7.5% for NAC necrosis and 7.8% for mastectomy flap necrosis. Types of incisions showed significant association with the rates of NAC necrosis and mastectomy flap necrosis. Incisions involving the NAC showed a significantly higher rate of NAC necrosis than those not involving it. The prevalence of NAC necrosis was higher in the autologous tissue reconstruction group than in the prosthesis group. Active smoking and diathermy dissection were significant predictors of both NAC necrosis and mastectomy flap necrosis. The findings of this review suggest that there are several predictors of necrotic complications in nipple-sparing mastectomy. Appropriate patient selection, careful operative planning, and surgical technique refinements may reduce the risk of necrotic complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Diathermy , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Necrosis , Patient Selection , Postoperative Complications , Prevalence , Prostheses and Implants , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
9.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 655-657, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185030

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Dermis , Melanoma
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 664-666, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185026

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Melanoma , Nails
11.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 378-379, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106528

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bowen's Disease
12.
Journal of the Korean Microsurgical Society ; : 97-105, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-724708

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of super-elderly patients (>80 years old) with cancer now require microvascular-free tissue transfer. The objectives of this study were to evaluate potential applications of microvascular tissue transfer in this patient population, and post-surgical changes in quality of life. METHODS: The records of cancer patients 80 years or older who had undergone microsurgical tissue transfer were retrospectively reviewed. Structured interviews were conducted with patients and family caregivers after surgery, and the patients'quality of life was qualitatively assessed. RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of seven patients with a mean age 87.6 years (range, 81 to 95). Wound and medically-related complications were minimal. During the patient interviews, eight of the nine respondents reported remarkable improvements in quality of life following surgery and expressed a high level of satisfaction with their surgical results. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that microsurgical reconstruction performed in super-elderly patient not only appropriately repairs post-oncologic defects but also significantly improves the patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caregivers , Cohort Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Free Tissue Flaps , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
13.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 46-50, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107372

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to analyze scientific papers published by South Korean plastic surgeons in journals included in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), and to evaluate the publication and research activities of Korean plastic surgeon. METHODS: We conducted a survey of SCIE papers in the field of plastic surgery published by South Korean authors between 2001 and 2010 using Web of Science software. We further analyzed these results according to the number of publications per year, journals, institution, and type of papers. We also compared the total number of citations to published scientific papers. We analyzed the rank of South Korea among other countries in representative journals. RESULTS: Overall, 667 papers were published by South Korean authors between 2001 and 2010. The number of publications increased dramatically from 2003 (n=31) to 2010 (n=139). Subsequently, the ten most productive Korean medical colleges were identified. All published papers received 2,311 citations and the citation to paper ratio was 3.49. The rank of Korea among other countries in terms of the number of published papers remained in the top 10 during the recent 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: Publication output of Korean plastic surgeon over the last 10 years showed a remarkable growth in terms of quantity and quality. Currently, Korea is among the top six countries in representative plastic surgery journals. Korean plastic surgeons have played a central role in this progress, and it is anticipated that they will continue to do so in the future.


Subject(s)
Korea , Publications , Republic of Korea , Surgery, Plastic
14.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 154-157, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70700

ABSTRACT

Lymphedema is a common complication after mastectomy in breast cancer patients. Many treatment options are available, but no treatment results in a complete cure. We report a case of lymphedema that occurred after modified radical mastectomy in a breast cancer patient who showed objective improvement after delayed breast reconstruction with an latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap. A 41-year-old female patient with left breast cancer had undergone modified radical mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection and postoperative radiotherapy 12 years previously. Four years after surgery, lymphedema developed and increased in aggravation despite conservative treatment. Eight years after the first operation, the patient underwent delayed breast reconstruction using the extended latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap method. After reconstruction, the patient's lymphedema symptoms showed dramatic improvement by subjective measures including tissue softness and feeling of lightness, and by objective measures of about 7 mL per a week, resulting in near normal ranges of volume. At a postoperative follow-up after 3 years, no recurrence was observed. Delayed breast reconstruction with extended latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps may be helpful to patients with lymphedema after mastectomy. This may be a good option for patients who are worried about the possibility of the occurrence or aggravation of secondary lymphedema.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Light , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphedema , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Recurrence , Reference Values , Surgical Flaps , Upper Extremity
15.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 565-574, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132380

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Melanoma
16.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 565-574, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132377

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Melanoma
17.
Journal of the Korean Microsurgical Society ; : 60-63, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-724771

ABSTRACT

Capillary malformation is common vascular malformation. In case of facial capillary malformation, patients' cosmetic and functional deficits are quite significant. The standard treatment which has been applied so far for capillary malformation is pulsed dye laser with 585nm. But in case of advanced capillary malformation, surgical interventions are inevitable. The problem of large size facial capillary malformation is how to cover the remnant defect, which occurs after resection. In this case, authors have experienced surgical treatment of large size facial capillary malformation and covered the large facial defect with free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The flap was thick, so facial asymmetry remained after the first surgery. But with the secondary procedure, authors have made more symmetric figures. The patient was satisfied with the result. Using free flap to replace the defect after resection due to capillary malformation is useful for these kinds of cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Capillaries , Cosmetics , Facial Asymmetry , Free Tissue Flaps , Lasers, Dye , Perforator Flap , Vascular Malformations
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 512-515, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209838

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Osteoma is one of the common benign tumors of the skull vault and facial skeleton. Although most of the osteomas cause no symptoms, forehead osteomas may lead to facial disfigurement. Osteoma usually happens in solitary lesion and multiple osteomas which don't combine with syndrome are very rare. We report an experience of treatment of non-syndromic multiple osteomas in the skull. METHODS: A 54-year-old female patient visited due to the multiple palpable hard masses on her forehead in 2010. In 2002 of her first visit, masses started to appear on her forehead and she was diagnosed as the osteoma by excisional biopsy. She visited again because the mass size and number increased. In preoperative CT scanning, there were above 160 of osteomas, so surgery was planned. Enterogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy was conducted to rule out Gardener's syndrome, however there was no abnormality such as multiple polyposis. RESULTS: Under general anesthesia, coronal approach was conducted. There were numerous osteomas in frontal and parietal bone. The multiple osteomas were removed by burring and the patient recovered without any postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Multiple osteomas in the skull were rarely reported, although it can accompanied with Gardener's syndrome. We report a case of non-syndromic multiple osteomas in skull vault.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anesthesia, General , Biopsy , Colonoscopy , Forehead , Osteoma , Parietal Bone , Skeleton , Skull
19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 516-518, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209837

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis has increased worldwide. There are some reports about postoperative antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae infection after craniofacial surgery, but, there is no report in Korea. We present a report on the treatment of postoperative multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (MRSP) meningitis and sepsis after craniofacial surgery based on our experience. METHODS: The patient was a 7-year-old boy with Crouzon's disease who was treated by fronto-orbital bar advancement. Intraoperatively, frontal sinus opening was seen during osteotomy which was covered with forehead galeopericranial flap. MRSP meningitis was diagnosed after the surgery, he was treated with intravenous vancomycin, meropenem, and levofloxacin. RESULTS: The patient was treated successfully after 3 weeks of intravenous antibiotics treatement. During the 8 month follow-up period, there was no neurologic sequelae. CONCLUSION: Postoperative infection after craniofacial surgery is an important phenomenon that needs immediate recognition. Prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment immediate after onset are important as countermeasures against postoperative drug-resistant bacterial infection. To prevent adverse outcome and reoperation, proper antibiotics treatment should be performed.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Infections , Craniofacial Dysostosis , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Forehead , Frontal Sinus , Korea , Meningitis , Meningitis, Pneumococcal , Osteotomy , Pneumococcal Infections , Prevalence , Reoperation , Sepsis , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Thienamycins , Vancomycin
20.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 519-522, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209836

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast implant surgery is increasing in Korea. NTM (non tuberculous mycobacteria) infection after breast implant surgery is rare, but it has been there reported in several foreign countries. However, no report has been issued on NTM infection after breast reconstruction surgery with an implant in Korea. The purpose of this article is to report a case of NTM infection after breast reconstruction surgery with an implant. METHODS: A female patient who underwent total mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap and an implant exhibited signs of inflammation after the surgery. Fluid cultures taken at the time of wound exploration were initially negative, but NTM was isolated by culture 10 days later. RESULTS: The implant was removed. M. fortuitum was identified by acid-fast culture and NTM-PCR. The patient was treated with combined antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSION: Although it is difficult to diagnose NTM infection after breast surgery, it is important that surgeons include NTM infection in the differential diagnosis of a post mammoplasty infection after breast implant surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Implants , Diagnosis, Differential , Inflammation , Korea , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy, Simple , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
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