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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 565-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980760


With three representative types of gynecological diseases (dysmenorrhea, pelvic inflammation, polycystic ovary syndrome) as examples, the application methods of meridian and acupoint diagnosis for gynecological diseases treated with acupuncture and moxibustion are discussed. During clinical diagnosis and treatment, it is recommended to examine the patient's leg segment along the three yin meridians of foot, aiming to explore the positive reactions of the meridians and acupoints (color, shape, skin temperature, sensory abnormalities, etc.). Acupuncture and moxibustion treatment at this positive reaction place can improve the clinical efficacy. Meridian and acupoint diagnosis could provide basis for meridian syndrome differentiation, thus guiding the selection of acupoint prescriptions; it is also helpful to clarify the deficiency, excess, cold and heat of the disease nature, thus guiding the selection of acupuncture and moxibustion methods. In addition, it is an auxiliary method to estimate the prognosis and outcome of the disease.

Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Foot , Genital Diseases, Female/therapy
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 831-836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941185


Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and gene mutation, and analyze the association between genotype and phenotype of hereditary protein S deficiency in a Chinese pedigree. Methods: Hereditary protein S deficiency was diagnosed in January 2016 in our hospital. A total of 26 family members were surveyed in this study. Blood samples and clinical data were collected from them, and mutations were identified by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of gene mutations was predicted by protein function prediction software including SIFT, PolyPhen_2, nsSNPAnalyzer and MutPred2. Swiss Model ( was used to perform homology modeling of the tertiary structure of the protein S wild-type and mutant-type, and observe the impact of gene mutation on the tertiary structure of the protein. Results: Four out of 26 family members of 4 generations were clinically diagnosed with hereditary protein S deficiency. The proband presented with recurrent pulmonary embolism and venous thromboembolism of the lower extremities, and her uncle and mother had a history of venous thromboembolism. Sequencing revealed a mutation in the c.200A>C gene in the second exon of the PROS1 gene of proband and part of her families (Ⅱ2, Ⅱ6, Ⅲ4, Ⅳ2). The prediction results of this gene mutation performed by SIFT, PolyPhen_2, nsSNPAnalyzer, MutPred2 were all harmful. The results of Swiss-Model homology modeling showed that the 67th amino acid was mutated from glutamic acid to alanine because of this gene mutation. Conclusion: A gene mutation cDNA (c. 200A>T) is identified in a Chinese pedigree with hereditary protein S deficiency. This gene mutation may reduce protein S activity, which may cause recurrent pulmonary embolism and venous thromboembolism of the patients.

Female , Humans , Asian People/genetics , Exons , Pedigree , Protein S Deficiency , Surveys and Questionnaires
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 834-838, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826646


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture by stages on secondary dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis through prospective case-series study.@*METHODS@#A total of 36 cases of adenomyosis patients with moderate-to-severe dysmenorrhea were treated with acupuncture by stages. The acupoints of Diji (SP 8), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ciliao (BL 32) and Shiqizhui (EX-B 8) were selected and acupuncture was given once a day during menstrual period; the acupoints of Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) ect. were selected and acupuncture was given twice per week during non-menstrual period. All the treatment was given for three menstrual cycles. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Cox menstrual symptom scale (CMSS), Endometriosis Health Profile-5 (EHP-5) scores and the menstrual blood volume of pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) were observed before treatment and at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment. Before treatment and at the 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment, the volume of uterus was measured by transvaginal ultrasound and the correlation among the quality of life, the severity of pain and symptoms was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The VAS, CMSS and EHP-5 scores at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment were lower than those before treatment (0.05). Compared before treatment, at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment, the PBAC scores were reduced in patients with PBAC>100 points (<0.01). Compared between 2nd and 1st menstrual cycle into treatment, between 3rd and 2nd menstrual cycle into treatment, the VAS, CMSS scores were all decreased (<0.01, <0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the severity score of CMSS and EHP-5 at the corresponding time points of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The acupuncture by stages has significant analgesic effect in patients with secondary dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis, and has the advantages of relieving the menstruation-related symptoms, regulating menstrual blood volume and improving the quality of life.