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1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 40-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a rapid and nondestructive identification method for human body fluid stains and non-biological stains using three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy.@*METHODS@#The collected three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum data of human saliva, 3% blood, coffee and Fanta® stains were processed with dimensionality reduction. After wavelet transform, spectral denoising and feature extraction, the classification formula was established. The Fisher discriminant was used for spectrum matching and recognition to establish the analysis method to distinguish stain types.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of data training and comparison, all the recognition accuracies of Fanta®, coffee, saliva and blood were more than 91.39%. Among them, saliva reached 100% recognition accuracy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a potential method for rapid and nondestructive identification of biological and non-biological stains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/methods , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Body Fluids/chemistry
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1253-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in the etiological diagnosis and treatment of refractory pneumonia (RTP) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 160 children with RTP who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Internal Medicine, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, from January 2020 to March 2023. According to whether mNGS was performed, they were divided into two groups: mNGS (n=80) and traditional testing (n=80). All children received the tests of inflammatory markers and pathogen tests after admission. Traditional pathogenicity tests included microbial culture (sputum specimen collected by suction tube), nucleic acid detection of respiratory pathogens, and serological test (mycoplasma, tuberculosis, and fungi). For the mNGS group, BALF specimens were collected after bronchoscopy and were sent to the laboratory for mNGS and microbial culture. The two groups were analyzed and compared in terms of the detection of pathogens and treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher detection rate of pathogens (92% vs 58%, P<0.05), with more types of pathogens and a higher diagnostic rate of mixed infections. Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher treatment response rate and a significantly lower incidence rate of complications during hospitalization (P<0.05). Treatment was adjusted for 68 children in the mNGS group according to the results of mNGS, with a treatment response rate of 96% (65/68) after adjustment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with traditional pathogen tests, BALF mNGS can significantly improve the detection rate of pathogens and find some rare pathogens. In clinical practice, when encountering bottlenecks during the diagnosis and treatment of children with RTP, it is advisable to promptly perform the mNGS to identify the pathogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia/therapy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Bronchoscopy , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 423-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965715

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from Onychium japonicum by macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by NMR, MS and other spectroscopic methods as onychone A (1), quercetin (2), quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (3), kaempferol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (5), (-)-prunin (6), and norathyriol (7). Compound 1 is a novel macrocyclic flavonoid, and all the others are reported from this plant for the first time. In vitro cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-7 were evaluated by MTS testing with five cancer cell lines. Compound 7 exhibited weak cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines A549, SMMC-7721, and SW480.

4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 296-304, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To provide a guideline for genealogy inference and family lineage investigation through a study of the mismatch tolerance distribution of Y-STR loci in Chinese Han male lineage.@*METHODS@#Three Han lineages with clear genetic relationships were selected. YFiler Platinum PCR amplification Kit was used to obtain the typing data of 35 Y-STR loci in male samples. The variation of Y-STR haplotypes in generation inheritance and the mismatch tolerance at 1-7 kinship levels were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Mutations in Y-STR were family-specific with different mutation loci and numbers of mutation in different lineages. Among all the mutations, 66.03% were observed on rapidly and fast mutating loci. At 1-7 kinship levels, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 5 on all 35 Y-STR loci, with a maximum step size of 6. On medium and slow mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 2, with a maximum step size of 3; on rapidly and fast mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 3, with a maximum step size of 6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined use of SNP genealogy inference and Y-STR lineage investigation, both 0 and multiple mismatch tolerance need to be considered. Family lineage with 0-3 mismatch tolerance on all 35 Y-STR loci and 0-1 mismatch tolerance on medium and slow loci can be prioritized for screening. When the number of mismatch tolerance is eligible, family lineages with long steps should be carefully excluded. Meanwhile, adding fast mutant loci should also be handled with caution.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Haplotypes , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Microsatellite Repeats , Mutation , Asian People/genetics , China , Genetics, Population
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 495-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981721

ABSTRACT

Wallis dynamic stabilization system is a surgical approach in the non-fusion technique of lumbar spine, consisting of interspinous blockers and dacron artificial ligaments that provide stability to the spine while maintaining a degree of motion in the affected segment. Recent studies have demonstrated the significant benefits of Wallis dynamic stabilization system in treating lumbar degenerative diseases. It not only improves clinical symptoms, but also effectively delays complications such as adjacent segmental degeneration. This paper aims to review the literature related to the Wallis dynamic stabilization system and degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine to describe the long-term prognostic effect of this system in the treatment of such diseases. This review provides a theoretical basis and reference for selecting surgical methods to treat degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

7.
Invest. clín ; 63(2): 185-201, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534655

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this work was to systematically evaluate the intervention effects of video games training (VGT) on the gross motor skills (GMS) development of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Seven Chinese and English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, EBSCO) were searched. Data were retrieved from randomized controlled trials on the GMS among individuals with CP. The retrieval was from the inception of each database to March 16, 2021. The included studies were evaluated quantitatively using the PEDro Scale. Then, relevant data were inputted and analyzed in Review Manager 5.4. Thirteen papers were included: seven written in English and six in Chinese. In the three subordinate concept of GMS, VGT could significantly improve locomotor skills (LS) (standardized mean difference = 0.80, 95% confidence interval 0.55-105, P<0.00001), and non-locomotor skills (NLS) (standardized mean difference = 0.83, 95% confidence interval 0.38-1.28, P=0.0003) in CP. However, there was no significant difference in object control skills (OCS), when compared with the control group (standardized mean difference = 0.55, 95% confidence interval -0.01-0.72, P=0.05). VGT can improve LS and NLS in CP, but the effect on OCS is uncertain; therefore, it is recommended that additional high-quality literature be included in the future. In general, VGT has been proven an effective intervention tool on the GMS development in CP.


Resumen Este artículo intentó evaluar sistemáticamente el efecto de la intervención del entrenamiento con videojuegos (VGT) en el desarrollo de las habilidades motoras gruesas (GMS) de niños con parálisis cerebral (CP), basándose en un cuerpo de datos logrado de las conclusiones de pruebas controladas aleatorias sobre las habilidades motoras gruesas de niños con CP, obtenidos de la búsqueda sistemática en siete bases de datos chinos y extranjeros, tales como PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang y EBSCO. El lapso de búsqueda fue desde la fecha de establecimiento de cada base de datos hasta el 16 de marzo del 2021. Se aplicó la escala PEDro para realizar un estudio cuantitativo y después, se analizaron los datos relevantes con Review Manager 5.4. Se incluyeron 13 publicaciones, 7 artículos escritos en inglés y 6 en chino. En el marco del concepto de los tres subordinados de GMS, la VGT podría mejorar significativamente la habilidad locomotora (LS) (diferencia de medias estandarizada = 0.80, intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0.55-105, P<0.00001), y las habilidades no locomotoras (NLS) (diferencia de medias estandarizada = 0.83, intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0.38-1.28, P= 0,0003) en PC; pero no hubo una diferencia significativa en las habilidades de control de objetos (OCS), cuando se compararon con el grupo control (diferencia de medias estandarizada= 0,55, intervalo de confianza del 95% -0,01-0,72, P= 0,05). En conclusión, el VGT puede mejorar las LS y NLS en CP, pero el efecto sobre OCS es incierto; por lo que se recomienda la inclusión de literatura adicional de alta calidad en el futuro. De este modo se pudo demostrar que el VGT es una herramienta de intervención eficaz en el desarrollo de las GMS en niños con CP.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 506-511, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940953

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical features and treatment of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From January 2012 to July 2021, 25 patients with PG who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Beijing Fucheng Hospital, including 16 males and 9 females, with the age of onset of disease being 14 to 75 years. Among them, the classification of PG identified 17 cases of ulcerative type, 6 cases of pustular type, 1 case of proliferative type, and 1 case of bullous type. Six patients were accompanied with systemic diseases, while 19 patients were not accompanied with systemic diseases. At the same time of systemic treatment with glucocorticoids, dressing changes or surgical skin grafting was performed on the wounds. The results of laboratory and histopathological examinations, the overall curative effects and follow-up of patients, the wound healing time of patients with negative and positive microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens, and the curative effects of patients with and without systemic diseases were analyzed. Results: The results of blood routine examination of 19 patients were abnormal, and all the immunological indexes were normal in all the patients; the microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens were positive in 14 patients; and the histopathological examination results of ulcer boundary tissue in 15 patients with rapid wound progress were mainly local tissue inflammatory changes. The wounds were cured in 17 patients, mostly healed in 7 patients, and not healed in 1 patient. After one-year's follow-up, the PG in 3 patients relapsed due to self-discontinuation of medication after discharge, and the wounds were healed gradually after adjustment of medication, while the remaining patients had no relapse. The days of wound healing in 14 patients with positive microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens were 21-55 days, and the days of wound healing in 11 patients with negative microbial culture results in wound secretion specimens were 20-54 days. In the 6 patients with systemic diseases, the wounds of 3 patients were cured, and the wounds of the other 3 patients were mostly healed. In the 19 patients without systemic diseases, the wounds of 14 patients were cured, the wounds of 4 patients were mostly healed, and the wound of 1 patient was not healed. Conclusions: The laboratory examination and pathological manifestations of patients with PG lacks characteristics, and their clinical manifestations are rich and diverse, thus PG can be easily misdiagnosed. The glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressive therapy have good effects on PG. Surgical intervention can be performed on the wounds. Specifically, excessive debridement is not recommended in the acute phase, but skin grafting can be performed in the contraction phase.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Administration, Cutaneous , Glucocorticoids , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy , Skin Transplantation , Wound Healing
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014162

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis is the commonest joint disease, but its etiology is still not clear.Recently the role of inflammation in its pathogenesis has been attached increasingly importance.Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) play a key role in regulating the occurrence and development of inflammation-related diseases.This artiele reviews the research progress of LncRNAs in regula ting the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis through various endochondral inflammation signaling pathways in recent years , exploring the application of LncRNAs as a potential therapeutic target in the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 300-303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935797

ABSTRACT

This paper reported a case of severe Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia. The patient had a clear history of contact with sick poultry. The clinical manifestations were dry cough, fever and respiratory failure. Chest CT showed consolidation in the lower lobe of the right lung, and a small amount of exudative ground-glass opacity in the left lung. Chlamydia psittaci was detected in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) by metagenomic assay. After treatment with antibiotics such as nitroimidazoles and carbapenems, the patient was discharged with a better health condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chlamydophila psittaci , Metagenomics , Pneumonia , Psittacosis/drug therapy
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 484-489, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of thrombus burden on the clinical outcome of endovascular recanalization in large vessel occlusive stroke.Methods:Patients with acute anterior circulation occlusion who underwent endovascular treatment within 24 hours after onset in Zhengzhou University People′s Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively collected. According to the clot burden score (CBS) of DSA, total objectives were divided into CBS≥6 group (24 cases) and CBS<6 group (38 cases). Clinical data of the two groups were collected and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 90 days after surgery. Independent sample t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and χ 2 test were used to compare the clinical data between the two groups. Independent risk factors affecting the clinical outcome were analyzed by binary logistic regression. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in basic demographic data, stroke risk factors and other factors between the CBS≥6 group and CBS<6 group ( P>0.05).The proportion of using tirofiban after surgery in the CBS≥6 group (63.2%, 24/38) was lower than that in the CBS<6 group (87.5%, 21/24) (χ2=4.380, P=0.044). The discharge NIHSS score of the CBS≥6 group was [5.0 (3.3, 7.8) points] lower than CBS<6 group [8.5 (1.8, 14.5) points] ( Z=5.221, P=0.022). The proportion of postoperative mRS 0-2 was (91.7%, 22/24) in the CBS≥6 group higher than CBS<6 group(39.5%, 15/38) (χ2=20.486, P=0.001), there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). The results of binary logistics regression analysis showed the CBS groups (OR=0.042, 95%CI 0.007-0.244 , P=0.001) was an independent risk factor affecting good outcome. Subgroup analysis of whether tirofiban was used or not showed there was no statistically significant difference in clinical prognosis between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The clinical outcome of CBS≥6 group is significantly better than that of CBS<6 group, and patients with small thrombus burden are more likely to get a good clinical outcome of 90 days.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3789-3796, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888100

ABSTRACT

The genus Chloranthus has 13 species and 5 varieties in China, which can be found in the southwest and northeast regions. Phytochemical studies on Chloranthus plants have reported a large amount of terpenoids, such as diterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoid dimers. Their anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, antifungal, antivirus, and neuroprotection activities have been confirmed by previous pharmacological research. Herein, research on the chemical constituents from Chloranthus plants and their biological activities over the five years was summarized to provide scientific basis for the further development and utilization of Chloranthus plants.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plants , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Terpenes
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1431-1434, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of problem-originated clinical medical curriculum(PCMC) teaching method combined with PDCA(plan, do, check and action) circulation in the training of craniocerebral ultrasound for neurologically intensive refresher physicians.Methods:Thirty-two refresher physicians who entered the neurosurgery ICU of Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were divided into test group ( n=18) and control group ( n=14) according to the time of admission. The test group accepted the teaching mode of PCMC teaching method combined with PDCA circulation, the control group accepted the traditional teaching methods of demonstration, student practice and teacher evaluation. One week before graduation, the differences between two groups in the theoretical assessment, operational skills and questionnaire were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching mode. SPSS 23.0 was used for t-test and chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the individual scores and total scores of the theoretical and operational assessments of craniocerebral ultrasound in the test group were significantly improved, and the questionnaire survey showed that the test group was superior to the control group in all the 7 items of teaching effect and satisfaction with the teaching method, with statistical significance ( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in increasing their interest in learning ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:PCMC teaching method combined with PDCA circulation can improve the training effect and satisfaction of clinical teaching of craniocerebral ultrasound.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 398-401, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the advantages and clinical experience of relaying antero thigh flap in the resurfacing of the donor defect after anteromedial thigh (AMT) flap transfer for oral cancer defect reconstruction.Methods:The number, courses and location of antero thigh perforators were recorded in 6 adult specimens, (3 male and 3 female). Specimen was produced via femoral artery perfusion after joining lead oxide red setting, up to the inguinal ligament, down to the superior margin of patella, lateral to the lateral femoral intermuscular septum, medial near the lateral margin of adductor longus muscle. From February 2016 to December 2018 in Hunan Provincial Cancer Hospital, 13 cases (11 male and 2 female) with oral carcinoma (8 tongue carcinoma and 5 buccal cancer), leaving tongue or mouth defects which were reconstructed by free AMT perforator flaps.Results:All free AMT flaps were harvested smoothly, the flap size ranged from 7.5 cm×4.5 cm to 13.0 cm×7.5 cm, the donor sites were reconstructed with relaying ALT flaps in 10 cases, with relaying AMT flaps in 3 cases, the relaying ALT flap size ranged from 8.5 cm×5.0 cm to 18.0 cm×7.0 cm, the relaying AMT flap size ranged from 7.5 cm×4.0 cm to 15.0 cm×7.0 cm. All flaps survived uneventfully, no vascular crisis or wound dehiscence, infection occurred. All patients were followed up for 12~28 months, all flaps healed smoothly, only linear scar was left in the donor sites, the color, appearance and contour of flaps were natural, and the function of thighs were not affected.Conclusions:When it is difficult to elevate the free anterolateral thigh flap, the free anteromedial thigh flap can be used to repair the oral cancer defect. When the direct closure of the flap donor area is of big tension, the relaying antero flap can be used to reconstruct the donor site, minimize the operation time and improve the outcome.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 198-199, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821634

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the survival period of Yunnan Province-derived smooth-shelled Oncomelania snails bred in laboratory. Methods Oncomelania snails were sampled from Heqing and Yongsheng counties where schistosomiasis is endemic, and uninfected adult snails were collected and bred in laboratory. The survival period of snails sampled from these two counties was compared. Results The 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-year survival rates of laboratory-bred smooth-shelled snails sampled from Yunnan Province were 72.36%, 29.11%, 13.08% and 0.21%, respectively, and were 74.66%, 38.91%, 19.46% and 0.45% for snails derived from Heqing County, and 70.36%, 20.55%, 7.51% and 0 for snails sampled from Yongsheng County, respectively. The mean and median survival period of Yunnan Province-derived adult snails was 20.90 and 20.67 months, and there were significant differences between the snails sampled from Heqing and Yongsheng counties in terms of the mean (22.94 vs. 19.13 months, P < 0.05) and median survival period (21.63 vs. 19.81 months, P < 0.05). Conclusion The mean survival period of Yunnan Province-derived smooth-shelled adult snails is approximately 20 months in laboratory, and the survival varies in geographical areas.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 352-360, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008344

ABSTRACT

In this paper, some quality problems of mineral medicine Calamina and calcined Calamina have been discussed after determination and analysis of the quality parameters of a large number of market samples, and the countermeasures are put forward. According to the XRD results, as well as the results of tests included in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), the authenticity of Calamina and calcined Calamina samples were identified. The content of zinc oxide in samples were determined by the method of determination in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Individually, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry(ICP-AES) and atomic fluorescence spectrometry(AFS) methods were used for the determination of impurity elements and harmful elements in Calamina and calcined Calamina samples. Four kinds of impurity elements of magnesium(Mg), iron(Fe), aluminum(Al), calcium(Ca) and five harmful elements such as lead(Pb), cadmium(Cd), arsenic(As), copper(Cu), mercury(Hg) were measured. The study showed that: ① Fake Calamina products on the market were overflowing; ② The mineral origin of the mainstream Calamina in the market is inconsistent with that stipulated in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition); ③ The contents of harmful elements Pb and Cd in Calamina and calcined Calamina are generally higher, while the contents of harmful elements As and Cu in some inferior Calaminae are higher; ④ Parts of calcined Calamina were improperly or inadequately processed. In view of these quality problems, the countermeasures are put forward as follows: ① It is suggested that hydrozincite should be approved as the mineral source of Calamina, and be included by Chinese Pharmacopoeia; ② Strengthen the research on the specificity of Calamina identification methods to improve the quality control level; ③ Strengthen the research on the processing of Calamina, and formulate the limit standards for the content of Pb and Cd in Calamina; ④ Carry out research on the artificial synthesis of Calamina and calcined Calamina, in order to cope with the current shortage of Calamina resources and ensure the sustainable development of Calamina medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Cadmium , Copper , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Ferric Compounds/standards , Iron , Lead , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mercury , Minerals , Quality Control , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc Oxide/standards
17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 451-455, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805472

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical application effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma gel in the repair of various chronic wounds.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to January 2018, 76 patients with chronic wounds were admitted to our unit, with 39 men and 37 women, aged 28 to 75 (52±6) years. Before the operation, areas of wounds ranged from 2.0 cm×0.5 cm to 17.0 cm×5.0 cm, depths of wounds ranged from 1 to 6 cm, areas of wounds substrate ranged from 3 cm×3 cm to 17 cm×8 cm, and volumes of deep cavities ranged from 7 to 55 mL. All patients received operation 2 to 7 days after admission. Autologous platelet of 220-250 mL was collected from each patient by single extraction to make platelet-rich plasma of 10-50 mL. The cavity was filled completely by injection of platelet-rich plasma gel for 1-3 times. Wounds were sutured directly or covered by local flaps or other materials according to the conditions of wounds, and the unclosed wounds in primary stage were treated by continuous vacuum sealing drainage (VSD). Ultrasound, CT, or magnetic resonance imaging was performed to detect the healing of cavity after the operation. The healing of wound and repair of cavity after the operation and during follow-up were observed.@*Results@#Wounds in 39 patients were closed directly after primary operation. Among them, wounds of 36 patients were healed completely, and wounds of the other 3 patients were healed completely after second debridement and topical filling of platelet-rich plasma gel. The cavities in 35 patients were filled with granulation tissue after treatment of platelet-rich plasma gel for 1-3 times combined with VSD, and the wounds were healed after skin grafting or flap transplantation. The treatment of wounds discontinued in the other 2 patients after treatment of platelet-rich plasma gel for once. Postoperative follow-up was lost in 7 patients. During follow-up of 2 and/or 4 months after the primary operation, wounds were healed well with no recurrence, and cavities were filled with fibrous tissue.@*Conclusions@#Autologous platelet-rich plasma gel has advantages in treating chronic wounds, including a large amount by single extraction, flexible use mode, ability to fully fill the complex cavity, high surgical safety, and mild secondary injury. It′s a new choice for repair of chronic wounds in clinic.

18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 277-283, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805023

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effects of free deep inferior epigastric perforator flap carrying lymphatic groin flap for treatment of upper limb lymphedema after radical mastectomy and breast reconstruction.@*Methods@#From October 2014 to December 2016, 10 female patients, aged 37-60 (48±8) years, who had lymphedema in the upper limb after radical mastectomy, were admitted to Department of Oncology Plastic Surgery of Hunan Cancer Hospital. Three patients suffered recurrent erysipelas infections, and 4 patients suffered consistent neuropathic pain in the upper limb. Free deep inferior epigastric perforator flap carrying lymphatic groin flap was used for breast reconstruction and lymphedema treatment. Operation was performed by 2 surgeon groups including recipient site prepare group and flap harvest group. In the 10 patients, the length of the flaps was (26.2±0.3) cm, the width of the flaps was (13.4±0.4) cm, and the thickness of the flaps was (3.4±0.3) cm. All the donor sites in the abdomen were closed directly. The choices of vascular pedicles and vessels in the recipient sites, operation time, complications, operation effects, and follow-up were recorded.@*Results@#(1) Bilateral vascular pedicle was adopted in flaps of 5 patients. Unilateral vascular pedicle was adopted in flaps of 5 patients. The recipient vessels were proximal and distal ends of internal thoracic vessels in 4 cases, the proximal end of thoracodorsal vessels in 3 cases, the proximal end of internal thoracic vessels in 2 cases, and the proximal end of internal thoracic vessels and thoracodorsal vessels in 1 case. (2) The operation time of the patients was 330-480 (406±55) min. (3) Subcutaneous edema was observed in flaps of 2 patients and donor site of 1 patient, which were all healed by dressing change therapy. The other flaps survived successfully. The reconstructed breasts were in good shape and elasticity. Nine patients had different degrees of relief in lymphedema in the upper limb. All 10 patients were followed up for 6 to 28 months, no one had recurrent erysipelas infections, and neuropathic pain in the upper limb was relieved in 2 patients. Only linear scar was left in the donor sites of 10 patients, and the function of abdomen was not affected without related complications.@*Conclusions@#Free deep inferior epigastric perforator flap carrying lymphatic groin flap can simultaneously accomplish breast reconstruction and upper limb lymphedema treatment, which is worthwhile to be popularized in clinic.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 31-39, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with polylactic acid/polycaprolactone (PLA/PCL) on healing of mininature pig deep soft tissue defect caused by fragment injury.@*Methods@#Two male Bama miniature pigs with 11 to 12 months (the same below) were selected by lottery to prepare PRP. The other twenty-seven male Bama miniature pigs were used to reproduce deep soft tissue defect caused by high-explosive ammunition fragment injury on bilateral posterior femoral region. According to the random number table, 27 pigs were divided into control group, material group, and PRP+material group, with 9 pigs in each group. After debridement, wounds of pigs in material group and PRP+material group were filled with PLA/PCL and PLA/PCL+2 mL activated PRP, respectively. Pigs in each group received suture of full-thickness skin to close the wounds. The operative duration was recorded. The length and volume of wounds of pigs in the above groups were measured immediately after surgery. In 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery, 3 pigs in each group were sacrificed to collect femoral wounds tissue on two sides, and PLA/PCL were collected from wounds of pigs in material group and PRP+material group for general observation of wounds tissue and degradation of the material. In 2 and 4 weeks after surgery, wounds tissue was obtained to observe the histological changes by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and expressions of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and angiogenesis were determined by immunohistochemical method. In 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery, wounds tissue was collected to determine mRNA expressions of TGF-β and VEGF by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Data were processed with analysis of variance of factorial design, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference-t test.@*Results@#(1) There were no significantly statistical differences in length and volume of the wounds of pigs among the three groups (F=0.336, 0.282, P>0.05). The operative duration in control group [(30.9±2.1)min] was significantly shorter than that of material group [(39.7±2.2)min] and PRP+material group[(40.0±2.6)min], t=-11.45, -11.88, P<0.01. (2) There were respectively 10, 7, and 5 wounds tissue with infection in pigs of control group, material group, and PRP+material group. In 1, 2, 4 weeks after surgery, all of the wounds tissue of pigs was infected in control group, while none of wounds tissue of pigs was infected in material group and PRP+material group. In pigs of material group and PRP+material group, materials and tissue were easily separated in 1 week after surgery; some materials were integrated with tissue and showed a tendency of degradation in 2 weeks after surgery; materials were completely embedded with tissue in 4 weeks after surgery. (3) In pigs of control group, erythrocytes and inflammatory cells infiltration in wounds tissue were observed in 2 weeks after surgery, and necrotic tissue and inflammatory cells infiltration in wounds tissue were still observed in 4 weeks after surgery. In pigs of material group and PRP+material group, a large number of erythrocytes and inflammatory cells infiltration were observed in 2 weeks after surgery. Compared with that of material group, wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group had no inflammatory cells infiltration in 4 weeks after surgery. (4) Protein expressions of TGF-β in fibroblasts and multinuclear macrophagocytes, VEGF in fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells, and blood vessel formation in wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group were significantly more than those of pigs in control group and material group in 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. (5) The mRNA expression of TGF-β in wounds tissue of pigs in material group was significantly higher than that in control group in 4 weeks after surgery (t=-3.93, P<0.01). Compared with those of pigs in control group and material group, the mRNA expression of TGF-β in wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group was significantly increased at each time point (t=9.23, 13.81, 11.73, -7.51, -12.04, -7.80, P<0.01). The mRNA expression of VEGF in wounds tissue of pigs increased significantly in material group compared with that of pigs in control group in 4 weeks after surgery (t=-3.94, P<0.01). Compared with those of pigs in control group and material group, the mRNA expression of VEGF in wounds tissue increased significantly in wound tissue of pigs in PRP+material group at each time point (t=12.33, 3.95, 7.97, -11.36, -2.97, -4.04, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#PRP combined with PLA/PCL can accelerate wound healing of deep soft tissue defect of mininature pigs caused by fragment injury by providing physical scaffold for newborn tissue growth, promoting mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-β and VEGF.

20.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 602-606,612, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associations between normal serum uric acid (UA) levels and knee symptoms and structural changes in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).Methods A total of 205 patients with knee OA were enrolled. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 122 patients with OA were included in the study. The general condition of patients were investingated. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score was used to assess severity of the knee joint symptoms. The Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading system was used to assess radiological severity of the knee joint. Osirix software was used to assess changes of knee structure in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Peroxidase method was used to measure the serum levels of uric acid. Patients with normal range of uric acid were included in the study.Results The patients with lower levels of UA (split at the median level, 263 μmol/L) had a higher proportion of women, lower height, weight and lower proportions of K-L grade≥2. After adjustment for sex, age and body mass index, serum UA was negatively associated with total WOMAC scores (β=-16.15, P=0.018), WOMAC pain (β=-3.15, P=0.037), and WOMAC stiffness (β=-1.65, P=0.025). However, there were no significant associations between serum UA levels and knee joint structure changes.Conclusions In OA patients with normal serum UA, serum UA is negatively associated with the severity of joint symptoms, suggesting that UA within normal range may play a protective role in OA symptoms.

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