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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 386-402, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929127

ABSTRACT

Myocardial ischemia (MI) causes somatic referred pain and sympathetic hyperactivity, and the role of sensory inputs from referred areas in cardiac function and sympathetic hyperactivity remain unclear. Here, in a rat model, we showed that MI not only led to referred mechanical hypersensitivity on the forelimbs and upper back, but also elicited sympathetic sprouting in the skin of the referred area and C8-T6 dorsal root ganglia, and increased cardiac sympathetic tone, indicating sympathetic-sensory coupling. Moreover, intensifying referred hyperalgesic inputs with noxious mechanical, thermal, and electro-stimulation (ES) of the forearm augmented sympathetic hyperactivity and regulated cardiac function, whereas deafferentation of the left brachial plexus diminished sympathoexcitation. Intradermal injection of the α2 adrenoceptor (α2AR) antagonist yohimbine and agonist dexmedetomidine in the forearm attenuated the cardiac adjustment by ES. Overall, these findings suggest that sensory inputs from the referred pain area contribute to cardiac functional adjustment via peripheral α2AR-mediated sympathetic-sensory coupling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ganglia, Spinal , Hyperalgesia/etiology , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Pain, Referred/complications , Rats , Sympathetic Nervous System
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 557-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873776

ABSTRACT

A quantitative analytical method based on HPLC coupled with the charged aerosol detector (CAD) for quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single marker (QAMS) was established for simultaneous determinations of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan in Astragalus membranaceus. The separation was performed on an Agilent SB-C18 (150 mm×4.6 mm, 3.5 μm), with gradient elution using the mobile phase consisting of 0.05% formic acid solution and 0.05% formic acid acetonitrile at the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The column temperature was 35 ℃, and the injection volume was 20 μL. For CAD, the drift tube temperature was at 50 ℃. The contents of six components in A. membranaceus were determined by both external standard method (ESM) and QAMS, and then were compared. The results showed that chromatographic peaks were separated well and the linear ranges of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were 0.113-2.250 mg·mL-1, 0.012-0.240 mg·mL-1, 0.004-0.080 mg·mL-1, 0.065-1.300 mg·mL-1, 0.005-0.100 mg·mL-1 and 0.007-0.150 mg·mL-1, respectively. The content ranges of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were 0.306-0.922 mg·g-1, 0.053-0.183 mg·g-1, 0.015-0.092 mg·g-1, 0.069-0.823 mg·g-1, 0-0.098 mg·g-1 and 0.020-0.107 mg·g-1 in 20 batches of A. membranaceus, respectively. Using astragaloside Ⅱ as an internal reference, the relative correlation factors of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were calculated as 0.561, 0.835, 0.299, 0.796, and 0.799, respectively. The results were compared with those obtained by the external standard method to verify the feasibility, rationality and repeatability of QAMS method, and there was no significant difference in assay results between the two methods. In conclusion, the QAMS method is accurate and feasible, and could be used to determine the contents such as astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan, and it can be used for quality control of A. membranaceus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy of Jiaotai pill (JTW) and JTW modified prescriptions (JTW+) plus benzodiazepines (BDZ) for insomnia in China by systematic review and network meta-analysis, especially optimization ratio (m:n) between Coptis chinensis and Cinnamo. METHODS Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding JTW and JTW++BDZ for insomina were comprehensively searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, and PubMed, Cochrane Library, OVID, Embase databases from their inception to December 2017. The risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane collab?oration's tool and Jadad scale. Systematic review and network meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relative risk (RR) plus 95%confidence interval (95%CI) or prediction interval (95%PrI), and draw surface under the cumulative rank?ing curves (SUCRA) by Stata 14.0 and RevMan 5.0 software. RESULTS A total of 13 RCTs (1 RCT was omitted by sen?sitivity analysis) with 1040 patients were included. Overall heterogeneity was acceptable, except publication bias. Based on classical meta-analysis, JTW and JTWm:n++BDZ, such as JTW2:1++BDZ, JTW5:1++BDZ, JTW6:1++BDZ, JTW10:1++BDZ, had more efficacy than BDZ. Based on network meta-analysis, JTW and JTWm:n++BDZ, such as JTW2:1++BDZ, JTW6:1++BDZ, JTW10:1++BDZ, had more efficacy than BDZ; meanwhile, SUCRA showed the best rank of JTW/JTW+ (BDZ<JTWm:n++BDZ<JTW) for insomina, as same as that of JTWm:n+(BDZ<JTW5:1++BDZ<JTW10:1++BDZ<JTW2:1++BDZ<JTW6:1++BDZ). CONCLUSION Based on the existing clinical evidence, JTW has efficacy for insomnia, but the optimization ratio between Coptis chinensis and cinnamo of JTWm:n++BDZ for insomnia needs more supports.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 65-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869596

ABSTRACT

Primary ureteral plasmacytoid carcinomas is a rare tumor with high grade and poor diagnosis.Pathological and immunohistochemical staining play an extremely key role in diagnosis since there is no specific clinical and radiological evidence.The surgical removement is the first line treatment.Herein,we report a case of ureteral plasmacytoid carcinoma that was well controlled with multimodal therapy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 65-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798868

ABSTRACT

Primary ureteral plasmacytoid carcinomas is a rare tumor with high grade and poor diagnosis. Pathological and immunohistochemical staining play an extremely key role in diagnosis since there is no specific clinical and radiological evidence. The surgical removement is the first line treatment. Herein, we report a case of ureteral plasmacytoid carcinoma that was well controlled with multimodal therapy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846404

ABSTRACT

Flavonoid glycosides (FGs) are secondary metabolites of many plants widely found in nature, and exhibit significant biological activities, such as anticancer, antioxidant and antimicrobial. According to the glycosidic bonds, FGs are divided into flavonoid O-glycosides and flavonoid C-glycosides. The main metabolic processes of FGs in vivo were specific hydrolysis in the gastrointestinal tract and glucuronidation in liver. Glucose, xylose, rhamnose and other glycosyl groups were hydrolyzed to produce secondary glycosides or aglycones in the gastrointestinal tract that were absorbed into blood, and then further glucuronidation and methylation metabolites are mainly produced by phase II metabolism in liver. This article reviews the metabolism in vivo and biotransformation in vitro of some typical natural flavonoid glycosides exited in Chinese materia medica (CMMs), such as flavonoid O-glycosides in Epimedii Folium, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and Cirsii Japonici Herba, and flavonoid C-glycosides in Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Puerariae Lobatae Radix. The investigation of the metabolisms of FGs in vivo is helpful for the clarification of the effective ingredients in CMMs, which will provide the basis for new drugs development based on metabolites in vivo.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802354

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through database search and network pharmacology to explore the potential mechanism of "Fu Zheng" rule of ulcerative colitis. Method:Search for ulcerative colitis related prescriptions from the Chinese medicine E database, Screening the retrieved prescriptions and conducting statistical analysis of the types and frequency of drugs, and selecting the objective drugs for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Search for the chemical composition and target of drugs on the Digsee platform, then constructing a compound-target interaction network map. Screening for ulcerative colitis related targets through the Digsee database and construct a disease-target interaction network map. Filter the core targets of the two network maps and using the DAVID tool to perform enrichment analysis on the core targets. Result:About 731 prescriptions of ulcerative colitis were retrieved from the database, 304 prescriptions and 220 Chinese medicines were received based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Representative drugs of "Fu Zheng" Rule of ulcerative colitis is Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma. Screening for chemical constituents of the drug based on ADME parameters, and then target prediction, we received a total of 137 protein targets. Merge the compound-target interaction network map and the disease-target interaction network map, with "Degree" "betweenness " and "closeness" as the evaluation criteria, we found 129 common targets. Perform KEGG enrichment analysis on the selected targets, find out the top 20 pathways with P values has an effect on ulcerative colitis. Conclusion:The role of FuZheng Chinese medicine in the treatment of ulcerative colitis is the overall effect of multiple targets and multiple pathways, excavating the potential mechanism of "Fu Zheng" rule of ulcerative colitis and provide a theoretical basis for further experimental research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773156

ABSTRACT

The change of icariin( ICA) content in thirty-three samples of five Epimedium species listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia( 2015 edition),including E. brevicornu,E. sagittatum,E. pubescens,E. koreanum,and E. wushanense has been investigated in this study. The results indicated that the optimized process procedure was baking at 150 ℃ for 30 min,and 3'''-carbonyl-2″-β-L-quinovosyl icariin( CQICA) could not be translated into ICA and ICA could be converted under this heating process condition. ICA increased remarkably after the heating process by 1-3 times in E. brevicornu,E. wushanense and E. koreanum,and increased lightly in E. brevicornum and E. pubescens,while ICA slightly increased or decreased in E. sagittatum and E. wushanense.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Epimedium , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Hot Temperature , Phytochemicals , Specimen Handling
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 437-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705061

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the correlation between elevated plus maze (EPM) and elevated zero maze (EZM),as two type animal models of state anxiety in Kunming mice. Methods The behavior of adult,♂/♀,Kunming mice in EPM and EZM was recorded by sequence,for 5 min,with a one-week inter-trial interval. The following parameters were evaluated:percentage of time in open arms (Otime%) and total entries into open and closed arms(Entries). Subsequently,descriptive analysis,fac-tor analysis,cluster analysis,correlation analysis and consisten-cy test were calculated for these parameters. Results T test showed that, compared with EPM, Otime% of EZM (male/fe-male/both sex) decreased, while Entries (male/both sex) in-creased significantly;Fiedman test showed that Otime% (male/female/both sex) and Entries(female/both sex) of both EPM and EZM had great difference between the 5 repeated fragments;Wilcoxon test showed that, compared with EPM, Otime% of EZM in 1st min (male/female/both sex), 2nd min (male/fe-male/both sex),3rd min (female/both sex) decreased, while the Entries in 1st min (male/both sex), 4th min (male/fe-male/both sex),5th min(both sex) increased markedly. Clus-ter analysis showed that EPM and EZM parameters could be clustered into two groups:EPM group and EZM group(male/fe-male/both sex). Factor analysis indicated that the EPM and EZM parameters could be extracted as two factors: EPM factor and EZM factor (male/female/both sex). Correlation analysis displayed either general(in Otime%) or poor(in Entries) cor-relation(male/female/both sex) between EPM and EZM param-eters. Consistency test displayed general consistency (male/fe-male/both sex) in Otime% between EPM and EZM. Conclu-sions Despite of the similar internal principles to induce state anxiety,the different external environment(structure) results in different behavioral patterns,different structure dimensions,fair correlation and concordance between EPM and EZM, and the stable index of EPM and EZM might be preferred to Otime%.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 312-315, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705038

ABSTRACT

Recently,research on microbes has been explored ex-plosively. Microbial-related studies have become the forefront of anti-cancer research. A large number of microorganisms are uni-versal in the viscera, skin, nose, mouth and reproductive sys-tem. Probiotics is a kind of microorganisms beneficial to human health. Although most studies have proven the tumor-promoting effects of bacterial flora,antitumor effects of probiotics have also been observed. Studies have confirmed that probiotics can pre-vent the onset of early stage colon cancer as well as non-colorec-tal cancer mainly via several mechanisms,such as adjustment of intestinal flora,regulation of immune response,anti-inflammato-inactivation of metabolic carcinogen, antioxidant and induction of tumor cell apoptosis. However,the specific underlying molecular mechanism still needs to be further studied. The latest studies on human have shown that intestinal microbiota combining with diet can alter the risk of special colorectal cancer. As a cancer chemoprevention strategy, more pre-clinical and clinical research are in need for the study of the effects of probiotics on cancer prevention and treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702476

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the status of rehabilitation resource configuration and rehabilitation service of health system in Guangdong province,and to provide basis for the development of rehabilitation institutions. Methods From November to December in 2015, an online survey was conducted among rehabilitation hospitals in Health and Family Planning Commission of 21 cities in Guangdong province by using self-administered ques-tionnaire.The deadline was December 30th,2015. Results There were 38 rehabilitation hospitals in Guangdong province including 18 non-profit and 20 for-profit ones. Only one was tertiary rehabilitation hospital.There were totally 4524 open beds,hospitals with 50 to199 beds ac-counted for 68.4%. There were 37,262 rehabilitation equipments worth more than 10,000 Yuan, in which less than 500,000 Yuan was the most.There were 776 rehabilitation doctors,1051 nurses,749 therapists,and 248 oth-er staff members. The annual hospital admissions were more than 55,000, hospital bed utilization rate was 74.6%,bed turnover rates was 12.75,the working time of bed was 272.3 days,and the average length of stay in hospital was 19.5 days. Conclusion These rehabilitation institutions cannot meet the need of people in Guangdong province.Many problems ex-isted,such as low hospital scales,unbalanced geographical distribution,low rates of hospital beds utilization and turnover,inadequate hospital management and imperfect health system.The service and management capabilities of rehabilitation institutions should be strengthened.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690607

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The primary aim of the study was to compare two nutritional status evaluation tools: the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002). Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), the second aim was to provide constructive advice regarding the quality of life of patients with malignancy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study enrolled 312 oncology patients and assessed their nutritional status and quality of life using the PG-SGA, NRS-2002, and EORTC QLQ-C30.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The data indicate that 6% of the cancer patients were well nourished. The SGA-A had a higher sensitivity (93.73%) but a poorer specificity (2.30%) than the NRS-2002 (69.30% and 25.00%, respectively) after comparison with albumin. There was a low negative correlation and a high similarity between the PG-SGA and NRS-2002 for evaluating nutritional status, and there was a significant difference in the median PG-SGA scores for each of the SGA classifications (P < 0.001). The SGA-C group showed the highest PG-SGA scores and lowest body mass index. The majority of the target population received 2 points for each item in our 11-item questionnaire from the EORTC QLQ-C30.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data indicate that the PG-SGA is more useful and suitable for evaluating nutritional status than the NRS-2002. Additionally, early nutrition monitoring can prevent malnutrition and improve the quality of life of cancer patients.</p>

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 504-508, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate bacterial infection and the distribution of different bacterial species in the donor semen and the influence of different bacterial counts on semen quality.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bacterial colonies in the semen samples from 1 126 donors were counted with the Synbiosis Protocol 3 Automatic Colony Counter and the bacterial species with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml identified with the VITEK2 Compact Automatic Biochemical Analyzer. The Makler Sperm Counting Board was used to examine the semen quality of the semen samples with a colony count = 0 cfu/ml (n = 22, group A), those with a colony count <10⁴ cfu/ml (n = 22, group B) and those with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml (n = 22, group C). Univariate analysis was employed for comparison of semen quality among different groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1 126 donor semen samples cultured, 5 (0.44%) showed mixed bacterial contamination and 993 (88.58%) showed none but with growth of a certain species of bacteria, 2.22% (22/993) with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml, mainly including Streptococcus bovis, tiny bacilli, Staphylococcus epidermis, and Staphylococcus aureus, among which gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria accounted for 95.45% (21/22) and 4.54% (1/22), respectively. Compared with group A, groups B and C manifested significantly reduced total sperm count ([567.5 ± 327.6] vs [421.9 ± 155.9] and [389.9 ± 110.6] × 106 per ejaculate, P <0.05) and percentage of progressively motile sperm ([65.0 ± 6.5] vs [61.0 ± 3.5] and [61.6 ± 4.3] %, P <0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among the three groups in the semen liquefaction time, semen pH value, total sperm motility or percentage of morphologically normal sperm (P > 0.05). Of the 284 randomly selected semen samples, 34 (11.97%) were found positive for Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and no significant difference was observed in the semen quality between the UU-positive and UU-negative samples (P> 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The bacteria-positive rate is high in the donor semen and the bacterial species are varied, mainly including gram-positive bacteria. Semen quality is reduced with the increased number of bacterial colonies.</p>


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , Bacteria , Classification , Bacterial Load , Humans , Male , Semen , Microbiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Tissue Donors , Ureaplasma urealyticum
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619136

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status of multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infection in the general surgery department of a tertiary first-class hospital, and understand the efficacy of comprehensive intervention measures.Methods Targeted monitoring on MDROs was implemented among patients who were hospitalized in a general surgery department for>48 hours between March 2015 and October 2016, comprehensive intervention measures were taken since January 2016.MDRO infection before and after intervention was compared.Results Between March 2015 and October 2016, a total of 6 406 hospitalized patients were monitored, 155(2.42%) developed MDRO infection.The most common infection sites were abdominal cavity(hydrops, bile) (n=76, 49.03%) and surgical site (n=43, 27.74%).MDRO infection rate dropped from 2.79% (99/3 549) before intervention (March-December, 2015) to 1.96% (56/2 857) after intervention (January-October, 2016) (x2=4.612, P=0.032).There was no difference in MDROs between before and after intervention, the major were both Escherichia coli.Conclusion Comprehensive intervention measures can reduce the incidence of MDRO infection in the general surgery department of this hospital.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514019

ABSTRACT

Objective To select valuable biomarkers for diagnosis and predicting outcome of sepsis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) from D-dimmer (DD),yon Willebrand factor (vWF),platelet (PLT),N terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP),interleukin-6 (IL-6),interleukin-8 (IL-8) and surfactant protein D (SP-D).Methods A total of 48 sepsis accompanied with ARDS patients and 40 sepsis patients were prospectively studied with comparison.The clinical characteristics of all the patients were recorded in detail.The blood samples were obtained within 24 hours of ICU admission.The concentration or activity of the seven biomarkers was quantitatively assayed and the results were recorded.To select the most valuable biomarkers as clinical indices,diagnosis model and death predictive model were constructed by Logistic regression.Results Among the seven candidate biomarkers,SP-D,vWF and IL-8 showed the most value.Their area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) were 0.758 (P < 0.01),0.783 (P < 0.01) and 0.747 (P < 0.01) respectively,and raised to 0.847 (P < 0.001) when the three biomarkers were combined.IL-8,age greater than or equal to 60 years and APACHE Ⅱ score greater than or equal to 20 were related to ARDS death with 12.138(lnIL-8)(P=0.022),6.157(P=0.040) and7.415(P=0.014) of OR values respectively.Conclusion SP-D,vWF,IL-8 should be valuable for early prediction of sepsis-induced ARDS and the diagnostic accuracy raised through combined utilization.IL-8 may be predictable for prognosis of sepsis related ARDS and the comprehensive evaluation combining clinical indices with IL-8 should be suggested in clinical practice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335823

ABSTRACT

Sulfur-containing Anemarrhenae Rhizoma decoction pieces were prepared by using sulfur-fumigating procedure. The difference components before and after sulfur fumigation in Anemarrhenae Rhizoma were analyzed and on-line identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE combined with UNIFI informatics platform, principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) respectively. As a result, 16 major differences components were identified, and among them, 9 components were mainly from sulfur-fumigated samples. The main chemical markers in sulfur-fumigated Anemarrhenae Rhizoma were identified as the sulfite derivatives newly produced after sulfur-fumigating. Meanwhile, UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE was used to find the main chemical marker anemarrhena saponin BⅡ sulfite (m/z 983). By using this method, a rapid screening method for sulfur-fumigated Anemarrhenae Rhizoma was established. This was a convenient and accurate detection method for sulfur dioxide residue, and it can be used as an effective assistant method to control the quality of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma. At the same time, it was the first time to identify sulfited derivatives of steroidal saponins, and screen the sulfur-fumigated Anemarrhenae Rhizoma.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1172-1177, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301757

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To establish a method of gene analysis via zebrafish model to explore the effect of microRNA-191(miR-191) on myelopoiesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The hsa-miR-191 or cel-miR-67 was microinjected into the fertilized eggs of zebrafish, then the total RNA of embryos was extracted at 10 s, 24, 36 and 48 hpf for qRT-PCR to detect the expression levels of erythroid and granulocytic genes. Then embryos at the time-point of 24 hpf were collected for whole mount in situ hybridization to detect spatiotemporal expression of those genes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The antisense RNA probes with high sensitivity and specificity of erythroid genes (gata 1, scl, hbbe 3, lmo 2) and myelomonocytic genes (pu.1, L-plastin, mpx, cebpα) in zebrafish were obtained by molecular cloning and T7 RNA polymerase reaction; the expression levels of the erythroid and myelomonocytic genes of zebrafish microinjected with miR-191 mimics displayed higher than those in control group at the time-points of 24 hpf and 36 hpf. The spatiotemporal expression level of L-plastin at the time-point of 24 hpf was up-regulated, and the other genes were not significantly changed. It was worth mentioning that the mRNA expression level of mpx was significantly up-regulated by 10-20 times at the time-point of 10 s.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The genetic analysis method of embryonic myeloid differentiation has been set up via zebrafish. Preliminary analysis of regulation in zebrafish myelopoiesis shows that miR-191 may be involved in the regulation of erythroid and myelomonocytic differentiation. The mechanism and corresponding function of mpx regulated by the other factors need to be further studied.</p>

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 456-461, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779614

ABSTRACT

A new method was developed for the chromatographic fingerprint analysis of Toosendan Fructus by HPLC coupled with the charged aerosol detector (CAD) in the present study. Samples were well separated on an Agilent ZOBAX SB C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) by gradient elution using acetonitrile and water containing 0.1% formic acid (v/v) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The column temperature was 30℃ and the injection volume was 5 μL. The nitrogen inlet pressure of the charged aerosol detector (CAD) was 35 psi, and the nebulizer chamber temperature was 35℃. In addition, the method of the chromatographic fingerprints combined with multivariate statistical analysis was effective and reasonable lead to an accurate classification of 20 batches of samples from different locations. The results showed that 28 common peaks were observed in the fingerprint and the samples were classified into three clusters. The established method was well validated, and showed high precision, good repeatability, and satisfactory stability. It may serve in the quality control and evaluation of Toosendan Fructus.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350211

ABSTRACT

To compare the differences of main components between in rhizoma and fibrous root of Trillium tschonoskii and T. kamtschaticum, a simple, accurate and reliable high performance liquid chromatography coupled with the charged aerosol detector (HPLC-CAD) method was developed and then successfully applied for simultaneous quantitative analysis of three compounds, including polyphyllin Ⅶ (T1),pennogenin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2) [α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)]-β-D-glucopyranoside (T2),polyphyllin Ⅵ (T3), in 16 batches of rhizome and 14 batches of fibrous root. The analytes were well separated from other constituents on TSK gel ODS (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile-water (43∶57) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL•min⁻¹. The injection volume was 20 μL. The nitrogen inlet pressure for the CAD system was 35 psi and the nebulizer chamber temperature was 35 ℃.The method was validated for linearity (r>0.999 0), intra and inter-day precision (0.29%-3.0%), repeatability (0.45%-1.4%), stability (1.9%-2.6%), recovery (100.1%-100.2%, 1.2%-1.8%), limits of detection (0.002 g•L⁻¹), and limits of quantification (0.005 g•L⁻¹).The obtained datasets were processed by principal component analysis (PCA) and it showed that there was almost no difference in rhizoma of T. tschonoskii and T. kamtschaticum from different areas of China. However, the 3 major compounds existed in rhizoma were different from those in fibrous root of T. tschonoskii and T. kamtschaticum.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 971-974, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502435

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency and safety of transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate(PKEP) in the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia(BPH) after transrectal prostate biopsy(TRPB).Methods A total of 88 BPH patients who underwent PKEP in our hospital during Jan.2012 to May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed and followedup.38 patients underwent TRPB before PKEP were defined as TRPB group,and 50 patients underwent PKEP with no TRPB were defined as control group.The baseline data,perioperative data and postoperative follow-up outcomes were recorded and compared between the two groups.Results The mean age of the 88 patients were 69.7 years.Compared with control group,TRPB group showed that age was younger(t=2.62,P< 0.05)and prostate specific antigen(PSA) level was higher(t=13.64,P<0.01).Operation duration was longer in TRPB group than in control group (93.6 ± 31.0) min vs.(77.9 ± 17.3) min (t =2.6 4,P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in the preoperative data,blood loss,continuous bladder irrigation duration after operation and period of catheterization between two groups (all P > 0.05).Trans-operative time was significantly shortened when the time interval between TRPB and PKEP is more than 4 weeks(P< 0.01),while blood loss was similar in the two groups(P> 0.0 5).There were no adverse events of blood transfusion,transurethral resection syndrome and injury of bladder or rectal in both two groups.There were no significant differences in maximum flow rate(Qmax),international prostate symptom score(IPSS) or quality of life(QOL) scores between the two groups at 3,6 and 12 months of follow up(all P> 0.05).Conclusions PKEP after TRPB is a safe and effective treatment for BPH patient.When the time interval between TRPB and PKEP is more than 4 weeks,the performing of PKEP operation would reduce the difficulty of operative procedure and increase the safety.

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