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1.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 336-341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of an intelligent teaching robot system of lifting manipulation in cervical spine manipulation teaching.Methods:60 doctors were randomly divided into an experimental group ( n = 30) and a control group ( n = 30). The control group was taught by a certified chief physician using a combination of "PowerPoint presentations, video demonstrations, and operation demonstrations" . Each part is 5 min. The experimental group was taught by the intelligent teaching robot system with a spinning technique. The teaching time is 15 min for both groups. At the end of the two teaching sessions, the two groups were trained five times under different BMIs and passed the system assessment. The qualified rates of pre-traction force, lifting and pulling force, maximum force, pre-traction time, lifting and pulling time, rotation amplitude, and pitch amplitude were compared between the two groups. Results:In normal, there was significant differences between the qualified rates of pre-traction force, lifting and pulling force, maximum force, pre-traction time, lifting and pulling time, rotation amplitude, and pitch amplitude in two groups (all P<0.05). For overweight people, there were significant differences in pre-traction force, pulling force, maximum force, and rotation amplitude (all P <0.05), while there were no significant differences in pre-traction time, pulling time, or pitching amplitude (all P >0.05). In obesity, there were significant differences in pre-traction force, lifting and pulling force, maximum force, and pitch amplitude (all P <0.05), but no significant differences in pre-traction time, lifting and pulling time, or rotation amplitude (all P >0.05). Conclusions:The proposed system can improve the pass rate of spinning manipulation, especially by effectively controlling the pre-traction force, pulling force, and maximum force.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 17-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) and target radioffrequency thermal coblation nucleoplasty(CN) on inclusive lumbar disc herniation(LDH) in different age groups, and provide a basis for clinical formulation of precise and individualized treatments.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 219 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated with PETD and CN between January 2018 and June 2021 was performed, in which 107 patients were treated with PETD and 112 with CN. Patients were stratified by age into young group(≤45 years old), middle-aged group(>45 years old and <60 years old) and older group(≥60 years old). Before treatment, 3 days, 1 month and 6 months after treatment, visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, infrared thermal imaging temperature difference (△T) and lumbar range of motion (ROM) were evaluated and clinical efficacy were compared in the different age groups between two treatment methods.@*RESULTS@#①VAS and JOA score outcomes, in the same age group and the same treatment method, the VAS and JOA scores at different time points postoperatively were obviously improved (P<0.05). For the same age group and the different treatment methods, the older group had lower VAS and higher JOA scores after PETD than after CN (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the young group and middle-aged group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and JOA scores at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment (P>0.05). The VAS was higher and the JOA score was lower in older group than in young group and middle-aged group at 1, 6 months after CN treatment(P<0.05). ②△T and ROM outcomes, in the same age group and same treatment method, postoperative △T and ROM at different time points were obviously improved(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between two methods of PETD and CN at the same age(P>0.05), there was no significant difference in ROM between young group and middle-aged group(P>0.05), ROM was higher after PETD treatment than after CN treatment(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T and ROM at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between age groups by CN treatment, but the ROM was smaller in older group than in young group and middle-aged group after CN treatment(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both PETD and CN for inclusive LDH have good efficacy, the curative benefit for older patients receiving PETD within 6 months after surgery more than CN, and CN is more appropriate for young and middle-aged patients.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy/methods , Diskectomy/methods
3.
Ultrasonography ; : 54-64, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969248

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and outcomes of percutaneous ablation guided by ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in colorectal liver oligometastases (CLOM). @*Methods@#This study included patients with CLOM treated with percutaneous ablation from January 2008 to January 2021 in this observational study. Only lesions visualized on both CT and US images were further analyzed according to whether patients’ initial ablation treatments utilized US guidance or CT guidance. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate local tumor progression (LTP)–free survival after propensity score matching (PSM). The LTP-free survival and treatment-related outcomes were compared between these two groups. @*Results@#PSM identified 116 patients from each group, with 269 and 238 lesions in the USguided and CT-guided groups, respectively. US-guided ablation had a shorter average procedure time and lower cost than CT-guided ablation (27.54±12.06 minutes vs. 32.70±13.88 minutes, P=0.003; $2,175.13±618.17 vs. $2,455.49±710.25, P=0.002). For patients >60 years of age, the cumulative LTP rate at 1 year was lower in the US-guided group than in the CT-guided group (17.8% vs. 25.1%, P=0.038). For patients with perivascular liver lesions, the cumulative LTP rate at 1 year was lower in the US-guided group (14.4% vs. 28.2%, P=0.040). @*Conclusion@#For patients whose age is >60 years or who have perivascular liver lesions, USguided ablation is better than CT-guided ablation, with a shorter treatment time and lower costs when both ablation methods are feasible for patients.

4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 582-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981579

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important medical imaging method, whose major limitation is its long scan time due to the imaging mechanism, increasing patients' cost and waiting time for the examination. Currently, parallel imaging (PI) and compress sensing (CS) together with other reconstruction technologies have been proposed to accelerate image acquisition. However, the image quality of PI and CS depends on the image reconstruction algorithms, which is far from satisfying in respect to both the image quality and the reconstruction speed. In recent years, image reconstruction based on generative adversarial network (GAN) has become a research hotspot in the field of magnetic resonance imaging because of its excellent performance. In this review, we summarized the recent development of application of GAN in MRI reconstruction in both single- and multi-modality acceleration, hoping to provide a useful reference for interested researchers. In addition, we analyzed the characteristics and limitations of existing technologies and forecasted some development trends in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acceleration , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Technology
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3373-3385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981473

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of eight oral Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD) by network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the treatment of AECOPD with eight oral Chinese patent medicines was retrieved from databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from database inception to August 6, 2022. The information was extracted from the included literature and the quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. The data were analyzed using Stata SE 15.1 and ADDIS 1.16.8 software. Finally, 53 RCTs were included, with 5 289 patients involved, including 2 652 patients in the experimental group and 2 637 patients in the control group. Network Meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were optimal in improving clinical effective rate, Shufeng Jiedu Capsules+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1/FVC, Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1%pred, Feilike Mixture(Capsules)+conventional western medicine in improving PaO_2, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine in reducing PaCO_2, and Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in reducing C-reactive protein(CRP). In terms of safety, most of them were gastrointestinal symptoms, and no serious adverse reactions were reported. When the clinical effective rate was taken as the comprehensive index of efficacy evaluation, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were the most likely to be the best treatment for AECOPD. There are some limitations in the conclusion of this study. It only provides references for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Network Meta-Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3255-3262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981462

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease(CAD) caused by atherosclerosis(AS) is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. The pathogenesis of CAD is complex, and the subset and function of cardiac macrophages are important factors affecting the occurrence and development of AS and the prognosis of CAD. Recent studies have shown that some traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) formulas and active ingredients can regulate macrophage subsets involved in the inflammation, injury, and repair process of CAD. This paper summarized the significant role of macrophages in AS and myocardial infarction. Based on the plasticity of macrophages, this paper elaborated that traditional Chinese medicine prevented and attenuated AS by regulating macrophage subsets, reducing the level of inflammatory factors, and promoting macrophage autophagy.Traditional Chinese medicine participated in the cardiac repair process after myocardial infarction by accelerating the recruitment of M2 macrophages, inhibiting the polarization of M1 macrophages mediated by glycolysis, inhibiting M1 macrophage-mediated cardiac nerve remodeling, and promoting M2 macrophage-mediated angiogenesis. In addition, in vitro studies on the regulation of macrophage subsets by the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine were also reviewed. It was pointed out that nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB), adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK), phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt), chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 2/C-C chemokine receptor type 2(CCL2/CCR2) were the key targets and pathways for the regulation of macrophages by TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Artery Disease , Inflammation/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Macrophages , NF-kappa B
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1908-1915, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981410

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the biological foundation and biomarkers of stable coronary heart disease(CHD) with phlegm and blood stasis(PBS) syndrome based on RNA-seq and network pharmacology. Peripheral blood nucleated cells from five CHD patients with PBS syndrome, five CHD patients with non-PBS syndrome, and five healthy adults were collected for RNA-seq. The specific targets of CHD with PBS syndrome were determined by differential gene expression analysis and Venn diagram analysis. The active ingredients of Danlou Tablets were screened out from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform, and the "component-target" prediction was completed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction. The "drug-ingredient-target-signaling pathway" network of Danlou Tablets against CHD with PBS syndrome was optimized by Cytoscape software. After the target biomarkers were identified, 90 participants were enrolled for diagnostic tests, and 30 CHD patients with PBS syndrome were included in before-and-after experiment to determine the therapeutic effect of Danlou Tablets on those targets. As revealed by RNA-seq and Venn diagram analysis, 200 specific genes were identified for CHD with PBS syndrome. A total of 1 118 potential therapeutic targets of Danlou Tablets were predicted through network pharmacology. Through integrated analysis of the two gene sets, 13 key targets of Danlou Tablets in the treatment of CHD with PBS syndrome were screened out, including CSF1, AKR1C2, PDGFRB, ARG1, CNR2, ALOX15B, ALDH1A1, CTSL, PLA2G7, LAP3, AKR1C3, IGFBP3, and CA1. They were presumably the biomarkers of CHD with PBS syndrome. The ELISA test further showed that CSF1 was significantly up-regulated in the peripheral blood of CHD patients with PBS syndrome, and was significantly down-regulated after Danlou Tablets intervention. CSF1 may be a biomarker for CHD with PBS syndrome, and it is positively correlated with the severity of the disease. The diagnostic cut-off of CSF1 for CHD with PBS syndrome was 286 pg·mL~(-1).


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Network Pharmacology , RNA-Seq , Coronary Disease/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Biomarkers , Syndrome , Tablets , Molecular Docking Simulation
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1866-1875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981405

ABSTRACT

According to the method of predicting the physical properties of oily powder based on the additive physical properties of Chinese medicinal powder, Dioscoreae Rhizoma and calcined Ostreae Concha with high sieve rate and good fluidity were mixed and crushed with Persicae Semen, Platycladi Semen, Raphani Semen, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, and other typical oily materials with high fatty oil content in proportion to obtain 23 mixed powders. Fifteen physical properties such as bulk density, water absorption, and maximum torque force were measured, and the physical properties of typical oily powders were predicted. When the mixing and grinding ratio was in the range of 5∶1-1∶1, the r value in the correlation equation between the weighted average score of the mixed powder and the powder proportion ranged from 0.801 to 0.986, and the linearity was good, indicating that the method of predicting the physical properties of oily powder based on the additive physical properties of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)powder was feasible. The results of cluster analysis showed that the classification boundaries of the five kinds of TCM materials were clear, and the similarity of the physical fingerprints of powdery and oily materials decreased from 80.6% to 37.2%, which solved the problem of fuzzy classification boundaries of powdery and oily materials due to the lack of representativeness of oily material model drugs. The classification of TCM materials was optimized, laying a foundation for optimizing the prediction model of the prescription of personalized water-paste pills.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Prescriptions
9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 341-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of O-arm assisted and free-hand pedicle screw placement in the treatment of AO type C thoracolumbar fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 34 patients with type C thoracolumbar fracture admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2018 to June 2021, including 23 males and 11 females; aged 42-63 years [(50.4±7.4)years]. The fracture was located at T 11 in 4 patients, T 12 in 10, L 1 in 12, L 2 in 6, T 11~12/L 1 in 1 and T 12/L 1 in 1. Posterior reduction and internal fixation was carried out for all patients, of whom 18 were treated with O-arm assisted pedicle screw placement (navigation group) and 16 with free-hand pedicle screw placement (free-hand group). The operation time, single screw placement time, intraoperative bleeding volume, operation mode and screw placement accuracy were compared between the two groups. The kyphotic Cobb angle, visual analogue score (VAS) and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score were compared between the two groups before operation, at 1 week after operation, at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Postoperative complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-29 months [(16.8±6.1)months]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume and operation mode (all P>0.05). The single screw placement time was (9.4±1.6)minutes in navigation group, but was (10.8±1.5)minutes in free-hand group ( P<0.05). The screw placement accuracy was 97.4% in navigation group, but was 81.5% in free-hand group ( P<0.01). The kyphotic Cobb angle and VAS had no significant differences between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). The kyphotic Cobb angle in navigation group and free-hand group was (4.3±1.1)° and (5.9±1.1)° at 1 week after operation, (4.4±1.2)° and (5.7±1.3)° at 3 months after operation, and (4.4±1.2)° and (6.8±0.9)° at the last follow-up, decreased significantly from that before operation [(21.8±3.1)°, (22.2±3.2)°] (all P<0.01). The kyphotic Cobb angle in navigation group was significantly lower than that in free-hand group at 1 week, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.01). The VAS in navigation group and free-hand group was (3.2±0.7)points and (4.1±0.7)points at 1 week after operation, (2.4±0.6)points and (3.0±0.8)points at 3 months after operation, and (1.8±0.9)points and (2.6±0.7)points at the last follow-up, decreased significantly from that before operation [(8.4±0.8)points, (8.3±0.9)points] (all P<0.01). The VAS in navigation group was significantly lower than that in free-hand group at 1 week, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.01). The ASIA score showed no significant difference within and between the two groups before operation, at 1 week, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P>0.05). Postoperative incision infection occurred in 1 patient in both groups ( P>0.05). Implant failure such as loosening or displacement was not observed in navigation group, and only occurred in 2 patients in free-hand group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with free-hand pedicle screw placement, O-arm assisted pedicle screw placement in the treatment of AO type C thoracolumbar fracture has advantages of rapid and accurate screw placement, good reduction and notable pain relief.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 702-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of systematic immune-inflammation index(SII) in severity and prognosis of the patients with acute pulmonary embolism(APE).Methods:By retrospective research methods, the clinical data of 120 APE patients from June 2020 to January 2022 in Hubei University of Medicine Affiliated Dongfeng General Hospital were analyzed. The pulmonary embolism-related deaths within 6 months was the end point events. The influence factors were explored by multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the predictive value of pulmonary embolism severity index (PESI) and SII on the end point events of patients were assessed by receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve.Results:According to the pulmonary embolism-related deaths within 6 months as the end point events they were divided into the survival group (96 cases) and the death group (24 cases). The age, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, incidence of congestive heart failure, level of B-type natriuretic peptide, PESI score, and SII in the death group were higher than those in the survival group: (66.00 ± 8.85) years vs. (61.21 ± 5.99) years, (129.83 ± 14.76) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (122.77 ± 10.21) mmHg, (102.04 ± 9.43) beats/min vs. (92.54 ± 11.34) beats/min, (20.83 ± 2.37) beats/min vs. (19.72 ± 1.77) beats/min, 41.67%(10/24) vs. 14.58%(14/96), (211.67 ± 85.38) ng/L vs. (167.86 ± 71.88) ng/L, (110.17 ± 19.13) scores vs. (89.09 ± 12.63) scores, (1 068.58 ± 230.65) × 10 9/L vs. (784.22 ± 233.98)×10 9/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age, heart rate, PESI score and SII were the independent risk factors of death related to pulmonary embolism in APE patients ( P<0.05). The results of ROC curve showed that the area under curve of PESI and SII for the prediction of pulmonary embolism related death was 0.816 and 0.791, respectively, there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). According to the cut-off of SII (882.40 × 10 9/L), they also assigned to the SII<882.40 × 10 9/L group (61 cases) and the SII≥882.40 × 10 9/L group (59 cases), The results of Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 6-month survival rate in the SII<882.40 × 10 9/L group was higher than that in the SII≥882.40 × 10 9/L group, there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:SII can effectively evaluate the survival prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism patients, and it can be used as one of the indicators for evaluating the prognosis of patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 561-565, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of urinary interleukin(IL)-8 in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 110 elderly patients with NSCLC treated in Beijing Hepingli Hospital from January 2018 to January 2019 were collected, and the relationship between urinary IL-8 and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. The best cut-off value was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The factors affecting the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with NSCLC were determined by univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models.Results:The best cut-off value of urine interleukin-8 for predicting prognostic of elderly patients with NSCLC was 26.08 ng/L, the specificity was 80.00%, the sensitivity was 84.60%. The level of urine IL-8 was related to neutrophil cell count, clinical stage and serum IL-8 level ( P<0.05). The results of Cox multivariate analysis showed that the age ( HR = 4.810, P = 0.000), serum soluble fragment of cytokeratin 19(CYFRA211) ( HR = 2.728, P = 0.017), clinical stage ( HR = 2.090, P = 0.014), urine IL-8 ( HR = 4.451, P = 0.000) were independent risk factors for survival of elderly patients with NSCLC. Conclusions:Urine IL-8 is an independent prognostic risk factor of survival of elderly patients with NSCLC, it can be used as one of the indicators to evaluate the survival prognosis of patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 548-552, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of fluorescence method and improved expansion and collapse method on cardiopulmonary function, immune function and safety during segmental pneumonectomy.Methods:One hundred and fifty-six patients with lung segmental resection operation in Yucheng People′s Hospital from March 2018 to August 2020 were enrolled. They were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, each group with 78 patients. The patients in the observation group were treated with fluorescence method and the patients in the control group were treated with modified expansion collapse method. The operation indexes, immune function and cardiopulmonary function of the two groups were compared, and the incidence of postoperative complications were counted.Results:The intraoperative time and the appearance time of intersegmental plane in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group: (105.33 ± 10.62) min vs. (139.46 ± 12.58) min, (15.46 ± 1.13) s vs. (724.56 ± 65.65) s, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). After operative for 1, 7 d, the levels of 6 min walking distance, peak expiratory flow rate, percentage of forced vital capacity and percentage forced expiratory volume in 1 second in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: after operative for 1 d: (475.36 ± 10.29) m vs. (412.11 ± 13.33) m, (284.52 ± 10.33) L/min vs. (251.13 ± 12.89) L/min, (85.65 ± 3.21)% vs. (81.13 ± 1.43)%, (83.25 ± 2.55)% vs. (74.49 ± 2.53)%; after operative for 7 d: (510.23 ± 16.66) m vs. (488.33 ± 15.42) m, (302.13 ± 15.58) L/min vs. (285.12 ± 10.22) L/min, (93.46 ± 5.79)% vs. (88.44 ± 5.44)%, (92.25 ± 2.32)% vs. (85.54 ± 2.13)%, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). After operative for 1, 7 d, the levels of CD 4+/CD 8+, CD 8+, CD 4+ in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: after operative for 1 d: 0.85 ± 0.10 vs. 0.52 ± 0.04, 0.305 ± 0.025 vs. 0.285 ± 0.012, 0.325 ± 0.021 vs. 0.304 ± 0.025; after operative for 7 d: 1.13 ± 0.10 vs. 1.02 ± 0.07, 0.324 ± 0.029 vs. 0.306 ± 0.023, 0.359 ± 0.024 vs. 0.332 ± 0.025, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The rate of postoperative complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group: 2.56%(2/78) vs. 11.54%(9/78), there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 4.79; P = 0.029). Conclusions:Both the fluorescence method and the modified inflation-collapse method have certain therapeutic effects, but the combination of fluorescence method in segmentectomy can provide reliable technical support and reduce the impact on cardiopulmonary function.

13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971636

ABSTRACT

A long-held belief is that pituitary hormones bind to their cognate receptors in classical target glands to actuate their manifold functions. However, a number of studies have shown that multiple types of pituitary hormone receptors are widely expressed in non-classical target organs. Each pituitary gland-derived hormone exhibits a wide range of nonconventional biological effects in these non-classical target organs. Herein, the extra biological functions of pituitary hormones, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, and prolactin when they act on non-classical organs were summarized, defined by the novel concept of an "atypical pituitary hormone-target tissue axis." This novel proposal explains the pathomechanisms of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism, obesity, hypertension, fatty liver, and atherosclerosis while offering a more comprehensive and systematic insights into the coordinated regulation of environmental factors, genetic factors, and neuroendocrine hormones on human biological functions. The continued exploration of the physiology of the "atypical pituitary hormone-target tissue axis" could enable the identification of novel therapeutic targets for metabolic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pituitary Hormones/metabolism , Luteinizing Hormone , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Prolactin , Pituitary Gland/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 880-884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004713

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To retrospectively analyze the characteristics of blood transfusion compatibility detection in patients with delayed serologic transfusion reaction ( DSTR), in order to provide reference for safe and effective blood transfusion in clinical practice. 【Methods】 From April 2020 to July 2021, 6 samples of patients who applied for blood type identification, unexpected antibody screening and transfusion from the Third People′s Hospital of Chengdu or People′s Hospital of Sichuan Province were collected. Microcolumn method was used for identification of ABO and RhD blood type of patients; unexpected antibody screening, blood cross-match, antibody identification and direct anti-human globulin tests were also conducted. The sensitizing antibodies on the surface of red blood cells were identified by acid release solution, and the antigen-antibody reaction was enhanced by polyethylene glycol. The patients′ own red blood cells and input red blood cells were separated by capillary high-speed centrifugation, and the surface antigens of red blood cells were detected by serological method. Meanwhile,the characteristics of patients before and after transfusing antigen-positive red blood cells were summarized. 【Results】 Anti-E was detected in the plasma of patients 1 and 2, and anti-c,-E were detected in the red blood cell release solution, while anti-C, anti-E, anti-JKa and anti-Fyb were detected in the plasma and red blood cell release solution of patients 3, 4, 5 and 6, respectively. After capillary high-speed centrifugation, antigen-positive red blood cells were detected in the distal end of the blood samples of 6 patients. 【Conclusion】 For patients with multiple blood transfusions and a recent history of blood transfusion, when newly emerging erythrocyte antibodies with clinically significance, direct anti-human globulin test(+) or erythrocyte antibody screening(+) are detected, and the patient has no clinical symptoms of hemolysis, it should be suspected as DSTR occurrence, and the transfusion reaction investigation procedure should be initiated in time.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e306-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001234

ABSTRACT

Background@#To propose a deep learning architecture for automatically detecting the complex structure of the aortic annulus plane using cardiac computed tomography (CT) for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). @*Methods@#This study retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent TAVR between January 2017 and July 2020 at a tertiary medical center. Annulus Detection Permuted AdaIN network (ADPANet) based on a three-dimensional (3D) U-net architecture was developed to detect and localize the aortic annulus plane using cardiac CT. Patients (N = 72) who underwent TAVR between January 2017 and July 2020 at a tertiary medical center were enrolled. Ground truth using a limited dataset was delineated manually by three cardiac radiologists. Training, tuning, and testing sets (70:10:20) were used to build the deep learning model. The performance of ADPANet for detecting the aortic annulus plane was analyzed using the root mean square error (RMSE) and dice similarity coefficient (DSC). @*Results@#In this study, the total dataset consisted of 72 selected scans from patients who underwent TAVR. The RMSE and DSC values for the aortic annulus plane using ADPANet were 55.078 ± 35.794 and 0.496 ± 0.217, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Our deep learning framework was feasible to detect the 3D complex structure of the aortic annulus plane using cardiac CT for TAVR. The performance of our algorithms was higher than other convolutional neural networks.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 407-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of pre-ablation stimulated thyroglobulin (psTg) before 131I treatment combined with lymph node ratio (LNR) in predicting 131I treatment response in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Methods:From January 2016 to December 2018, 178 PTC patients (47 males, 131 females; age (43.2±12.6) years) treated with 131I in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. According to 131I treatment response, patients were divided into excellent response (ER) group and non-ER group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared by χ2 test, independent-sample t test and Mann-Whitney U test. The cut-off values and AUCs of psTg and LNR to predict treatment response were calculated according to the ROC curve. Factors affecting 131I treatment response were analyzed by logistic multivariate regression analysis. Results:There were 118 patients (66.3%, 118/178) in ER group and 60 patients (33.7%, 60/178) in non-ER group, and there were significant differences in N stage ( χ2=11.15, P=0.004), 131I treatment dose ( χ2=12.65, P<0.001), American Thyroid Association (ATA) initial risk stratification ( χ2=15.25, P<0.001), number of metastatic lymph nodes ( χ2=22.63, P<0.001), LNR ( U=1 506.00, P<0.001) and psTg ( U=919.00, P<0.001) between the two groups. The cut-off values of psTg and LNR predicting ER were 3.97 μg/L and 0.29, with the AUC of 0.870 and 0.787 respectively. PsTg (odds ratio ( OR)=10.88, 95% CI: 4.67-25.36, P<0.001) and LNR ( OR=5.30, 95% CI: 1.85-15.23, P=0.002) were independent factors to predict 131I treatment response in PTC patients. When psTg≥3.97 μg/L, LNR ( OR=9.40, 95% CI: 2.06-42.92, P=0.004) was an independent factor affecting 131I treatment response in PTC patients. Conclusions:PsTg and LNR are independent factors affecting 131I treatment response in PTC patients. When psTg≥3.97 μg/L, LNR can be used as a supplementary factor to predict 131I treatment response. The combination of psTg and LNR can better predict 131I treatment response in PTC patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 397-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923392

ABSTRACT

@#Anterior mediastinal inflammatory myofibroblastoma is a rare tumor with insidious onset and easy misdiagnosis. In this report, we presented a case of anterior mediastinal inflammatory myofibroblastoma with thymoma. The mediastinal tumor was found by physical examination, and the prognosis was good after surgical treatment. For this disease, operation is an effective method for definite diagnosis and treatment, and complete excision can achieve good outcomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 186-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920819

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To assess the efficacy of lymphadenectomy in different regions for esophageal squamous cell carcinomas located differently according to the lymph node grouping by Chinese expert consensus. Methods    The medical records of 1 061 patients (886 males and 175 females with a median age of 60 (54, 65) years with esophageal cancer from March 2011 to December 2017 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological report, the lymph nodes were regrouped according to the Chinese lymph nodes grouping standard of esophageal cancer. The metastasis rate of each group of lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate of metastatic patients and efficacy index (EI) were calculated. Results    The upper thoracic esophageal cancer mainly metastasized to the lymph nodes of C201-203 groups. The middle and lower thoracic tumors mainly metastasized to the lymph nodes of C205-207 groups. The lower thoracic tumor had a higher rate of metastasis to the abdominal lymph nodes. According to the metastasis rate, the mediastinal lymph nodes were divided into three regions: an upper mediastinum (C201-204), a middle mediastinum (C205-206), and a lower mediastinum (C207-209). The EIs of lymph nodes of C201-203 and C205-207 groups were higher. For patients with C201-207 groups metastasis, the 5-year survival rates ranged from 13.39% to 21.60%. For patients with positive lymph nodes in each region, tumors at different primary locations had no statistical difference in long-term survival (P>0.05). Patients with lymph nodes of C205 group in the upper thoracic tumors had lower EI and those in the middle and lower thoracic tumors had higher EIs. Conclusion    The effect of lymph node dissection in each area varies with the location of the tumor. No matter where the tumor is, it is necessary to dissect the upper mediastinal lymph nodes, especially the lymph nodes adjacent to the left and right recurrent laryngeal nerves. Group C205 should be classified into the lower mediastinal lymph nodes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 42-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928855

ABSTRACT

Based on the biomechanical mechanism of human upper limb, the disadvantages of traditional rehabilitation training and the current status of upper limb rehabilitation robot, a six degree of freedom, flexible adjustment, wearable upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton design scheme is proposed. Firstly, the mechanics of each joint of the upper limb is analyzed, and the virtual prototype design of the whole mechanical structure of the upper limb rehabilitation wearable exoskeleton is carried out by using CATIA three-dimensional software. The tooth transmission of the forearm and the upper arm single row four point contact ball bearing with internal/external rotation and the shoulder flexible passive adjustment mechanism (viscoelastic damper) are innovatively designed. Then, the joints of the upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton are analyzed, theoretical analysis and calculation of the driving torque, the selection of the motor and gearbox of each driving joint are carried out. Finally, the whole finite element analysis of the upper limb exoskeleton is carried out. The research and experimental results showed that the design scheme of the upper limb exoskeleton assist structure is highly feasible, which can help the patients with upper limb paralysis and motor dysfunction self-rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Exoskeleton Device , Robotics , Stroke Rehabilitation , Torque , Upper Extremity , Wearable Electronic Devices
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1190-1195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928042

ABSTRACT

Cannabis sativa,with a long history of cultivation, is a traditional industrial crop widely used for food, textiles, and me-dicine. This study discussed industrial C. sativa and medicinal C. sativa. According to the characteristics of management policies of C. sativa in different periods, we divided the development stages of C. sativa into three stages and analyzed the changes in breeding and cultivation goals under the influence of policies. Meanwhile, a comprehensive analysis was carried out based on the breeding conditions of industrial C. sativa in China. Because of the vast territory of China, the differences in agricultural planting environment, economic development, and social development in the southern and northern areas result in different used parts of C. sativa. To be speci-fic, flowers and leaves are used in Yunnan, fiber in Heilongjiang, and seeds in Shanxi. The breeding of C. sativa varieties highlights fiber, seeds, or both of them. As the value of cannabidiol is explored, medicinal C. sativa has been approved in recent years. Based on the cultivation characteristics and value of industrial C. sativa, it is proposed that industrial C. sativa has a broad application prospect as an important industrial crop, and the existing products contain almost no tetrahydrocannabinol. The cultivation of C. sativa should be rationally guided to promote the development of the C. sativa industry. Moreover, it is recommended to actively apply advanced breeding techniques such as molecular breeding to overcome the problems of the uncertainty of the existing induced breeding and the excessively long hybrid breeding cycle, and develop high value-added applications such as medicinal products of C. sativa to enhance the exploitation of the economic value of C. sativa.


Subject(s)
Cannabidiol/analysis , Cannabis/genetics , China , Dronabinol , Plant Breeding
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