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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328257

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Pinggan Qianyang Recipe (PQR) on inhibiting angiotensin II (Ang II) induced proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and changes of DNA methylation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>VSMCs were cultured using tissue explant method, and PQR containing serum was prepared. Primarily cultured VSMCs were divided into four groups, the normal group, the model group, the folate group (folic acid intervention) , and the PQR group. The proliferation and migration of VSMCs was duplicated by Ang II. After 24-h Ang II induced culture, 40 microg/mL folic acid was added to the folate group for 48 h, while 5% PQR containing serum was added to the PQR group for 48 h. The cell growth curve of VSMCs was drawn by using Cell Counting Kit (CCK-8). The proliferative activity of VSMC was determined by MTT assay. The migration of VSMCs was measured by Millicell chamber. The general level of cytosine methylation in cell nucleus was detected via 5-mC antibodies immunofluorescence, and mRNA expression levels of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) were measured by Real-time q-polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VSMCs were promoted by Ang II at 10(-6) mol/L for 24 h. Compared with the normal group, the proliferative activity and migration quantity of VSMCs obviously increased, and DNA methylation level obviously decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the cell growth, proliferative activity and migration quantity of VSMCs obviously decreased and the general DNA methylation level increased in the folate group and the PQR group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the normal group, the mRNA expression of DNMT1 decreased in the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, mRNA expression of DNMT1 in Ang II induced VSMCs was obviously enhanced in the folate group and the PQR group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PQR could inhibit Ang II induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs, and cause high genomic DNA methylation level. Changes of DNA methylation might be associated with DNMT1 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Pharmacology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1 , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353886

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of neuroglobin (Ngb) in the pathologic process of contusion and laceration of brain in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proteins in the brain tissue were extracted by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in 3 children undergoing brain ventricular neoplasms resection (normal brain tissue) and in 8 children with contusion and laceration of brain. The image analysis was done using the PDQuest 7.0 software. The differential protein spots were detected and analyzed with Applied Biosystems Voyager System 4307 MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometer and bioinformatical skills. Ngb expression in the brain tissue was measured using immunohistochemisty. Ngb expression in plasma was measured using ELISA in 15 children with contusion and laceration of brain and 10 healthy children.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Expression maps of the brain tissue were established by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in children with contusion and laceration of brain and healthy children. Six differential protein spots were found and 5 of them were identified by mass spectrum. Immunohistochemisty assay showed that Ngb expression in the brain tissue in children with contusion and laceration of brain was significantly higher than in normal controls (P<0.05). ELISA results showed that Ngb expression in the plasma increased significantly 6, 12, 18, 24 and 48 hours after trauma in children with contusion and laceration of brain compared with healthy children (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ngb may play an important role in the pathologic process of contusion and laceration of brain in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain Injuries , Metabolism , Child , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Globins , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture intervention on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) at early stage complicated with intestinal paralysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-eight cases of SAP were randomly divided into observation group (48 cases) and control group (20 cases). In observation group, according to the course of sickness, the early-stage subgroup (30 cases, hospitalized in 3 d) and late-stage subgroup (18 cases, hospitalized in 3-7 d) were subdivided. In control group, the conventional treatment was applied. In observation group, based on the same treatment as control group, electroacupuncture was supplemented at Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), etc. Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II scores, the recovery time of intestinal paralysis and laboratory indices, complications, operation transfer rate, death rate and the admission time were compared among groups after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 83.3% (25/30) in early-stage subgroup, which was superior to 72.2% (13/18) in late-stage subgroup and 65.0% (13/20) in control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In early-stage subgroup, the remission time of abdominal pain, the remission time of abdominal distention, the recovery time of borborygums, the recovery time of gas discharge, and the recovery time of defecation were all shorter significantly than those in late-stage subgroup and control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In early-stage subgroup, APACHE II scores, the recovery time of WBC and blood/uric amylase, complications, operation transfer rate, death rate and admission time were all lower remarkably than those in late-stage subgroup and control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); but, there were no statistical significant differences in comparison between late-stage subgroup and control group (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture intervention on SAP complicated with intestinal paralysis is superior remarkably to that of conventional treatment, and the efficacy of electroacupuncture intervention at early stage is better than that at late stage.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis , Therapeutics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328490

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Chinese herbal medicine for calming Gan (肝) and suppressing hyperactive yang (平肝潜阳, CGSHY) on arterial elasticity function and the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension (EH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adopting a parallel, randomized design, sixty-four patients with EH of stages I and II were randomly divided into two groups according to a random number table, with 32 in each group. The patients in the treatment group were treated with CGSHY and those in the control group were treated with Enalapril. All patients were given 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) before and after a 12-week treatment. Trough/peak (T/P) ratios of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP & DBP) of each group were calculated. The circadian rhythm of their blood pressure was observed at the same time. The changes in elasticity of the carotid artery in the patients, including stiffness parameter (β), pressure-strain elastic modulus (Ep), arterial compliance (AC), augmentation index (AI), and pulse wave velocity (PVWβ) were determined by the echo-tracking technique before and after a 12-week treatment. In the meantime, their levels of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, all parameters in the 24-h ABPM and the elasticity of the carotid artery (β, Ep, AC and PVWβ) were markedly improved, the level of NO was increased, and ET-1 was decreased in both groups as compared with values before treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Further, the improvements in the ratio of T/P of SBP & DBP and in the level of NO and ET-1 in the treatment group were more significant than those in the control group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in all parameters in the ABPM monitoring and the elasticity of the carotid artery, the recovery of blood pressure circadian rhythm, and the therapeutic effect of antihypertension in EH patients between the two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chinese herbal medicine for CGSHY may lower the blood pressure smoothly and recover the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in EH patients. They may also improve the carotid elasticity of EH patients similar to that of Enalapril. The mechanism of action of Chinese herbs on EH might be related to the regulation of vascular endothelium function.</p>


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Arteries , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Circadian Rhythm , Physiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Elasticity , Physiology , Enalapril , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelin-1 , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Yin-Yang
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic effect and safety of acupuncture at points of The Liver and Gallbladder Meridians for treatment of migraine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Multi-central, randomized and controlled trial was used and 253 cases of migraine were divided into an acupuncture group and a western medicine group. The acupuncture group was treated with acupuncture at points of The Liver and Gallbladder Channels with Taichong (LR 3), Yang-lingquan (GB 34), Fengchi (GB 20), Ququan (LR 8) selected as main points, and the western medicine group with oral administration of Flunarizine tablets for 4 therapeutic courses. The total therapeutic effects 3 and 6 months after the treatment, the scores of various symptoms of migraine before and after treatment, and the stability of therapeutic effect in one-year following-up survey were observed in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, mean times and duration of the headache attack were significantly improved in the two groups (all P < 0.01) with the acupuncture group better than the western medicine group (P < 0.05). The total effective rates for stopping pain after treatment, 3 months and 6 months after treatment in the acupuncture group were 93.0%, 93.0% and 87.7%, respectively, which were better than 85.6%, 86.5% and 69.2% in the western medication group (all P < 0.01). One year later, the stability of the therapeutic effect in the acupuncture group was better than that in the western medicine group (P < 0.05); the adverse reaction and the compliance in the acupuncture group were significantly superior to those in the western medicine group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at points of The Liver and Gallbladder Meridians for treatment of migraine is safe, effective, and with stable long-term therapeutic effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Administration, Oral , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Flunarizine , Therapeutic Uses , Gallbladder , Pathology , Headache , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Male , Meridians , Middle Aged , Migraine Disorders , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of calming the liver and suppressing the hyperactive YANG drugs on the lymphocyte protein and clinical efficacy in the hypertension patients with hyperactivity of liver-YANG, and to identify the therapy.@*METHODS@#Twenty-six hypertension patients with hyperactivity of liver-YANG were treated by calming the liver and suppressing the hyperactive YANG drugs for 2 courses. Symptoms of Chinese medicine and blood pressure were observed, and the separated lymphocyte total protein of normal and hypertensions before and after the treatment were examined by the solid-state pH gradient 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The differences of the protein expression were analyzed by ImageMaster 2DE analysis software with two-way patterns.@*RESULTS@#The total efficiency rate of calming the liver and suppressing the hyperactive YANG drugs was 88.5%, and the drugs could significantly relieve the symptoms, such as headache, dizziness, dry mouth, irritability, etc. Calming the liver and suppressing the hyperactive YANG drugs could also remarkably reduce the blood pressure,with significant different between pre-treatment and post-treatment (P<0.05). The average spots of lymphocyte gel proteins in the normal and the hypertension patients with syndrome of hyperactivity of liver-YANG before and after the treatment were 527+/-41,559+/-62, and 543+/-59, respectively. Compared with normal people, the expression of 15 proteins was down-regulated, and 10 up-regulated in the hypertension patients with syndrome of hyperactivity of liver-YANG. Compared with the pre-treatment, the expression of 12 proteins was increased in the 15 down-regulated proteins, and 6 decreased in the 10 up-regulated proteins after the treatment in the hypertension patients with syndrome of the hyperactivity of liver-YANG.@*CONCLUSION@#Calming the liver and suppressing the hyperactive yang drugs may mildly depress the blood pressure and improve the symptoms of Chinese medicine. The effect of drugs in treating hypertension may probably be associated with regulating the expression of some proteins in lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diagnosis, Differential , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Blood , Drug Therapy , Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Proteins , Metabolism , Yin-Yang
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of pinggan-qianyang (PGQY), a Chinese medicine, on hypothalamic proteome in the hyperthyroid rats with hyperactivity of liver-yang, and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of levo-thyroxine (L-T4) and fuzi decotion. All the quantitative and qualitative changes of the protein expressions were compared among the normal group,the model group and the treatment group by proteomic techniques.@*RESULTS@#The protein spots in the 3 groups were mainly displayed at the isoelectric point (pI) 3 approximately 10, and the molecular weights were 13.8 approximately 98.8 kD.Compared with the normal group, 6 spots of protein expression increased and 10 decreased in the model group. All the changed protein in the model group returned to normal level after PGQY treatment. Mass-spectrometer and bio-informatics indicated that these proteins were Prohibitin, Peroxiredoxin-6, histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1, protein-tyrosine-phosphatase, predicted protein, profilin-2, peroxir doxin-II, heat shock protein-27, and annexin-A1.@*CONCLUSION@#There are differences in the expression of hypothalamus proteins in the hyperthyroid rats with hyperactivity of liver-yang after the treatment with PGQY, and the 9 identified protein spots may be associated with the mechanism of PGQY.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hyperthyroidism , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Hypothalamus , Metabolism , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Peroxiredoxin VI , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Proteome , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Repressor Proteins , Metabolism
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