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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1076-1081, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of high resolution MRI for the measurement of anterior cartilaginous acetabulum-head-index (A-CAHI) and the value of A-CAHI for predicting hip clinical function after treatment in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).Methods:The imaging data of 92 hips from 61 children with treated DDH were retrospectively reviewed in Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute from January 2019 to January 2020. All children underwent conservative treatments or surgical interventions 3 years ago. Hip function after treatment was evaluated clinically based on the modified MacKay criteria. The hips were divided into satisfactory clinical function group (McKay rating excellent or good, n=46) and unsatisfactory group (McKay rating fair or poor, n=46). All patients were imaged with conventional MRI, high resolution fat suppressed proton density weighted image (FS-PDWI) of the unilateral hip joint in oblique sagittal view, and anteroposterior hip radiographs. A-CAHI and lateral cartilaginous acetabulum-head-index (L-CAHI) were measured respectively on high-resolution oblique sagittal PDWI and conventional coronal T 1WI. Acetabulum head index (AHI) was also measured on anteroposterior hip radiograph. Mann-Whitney U test or independent-samples t test was used to compare the difference of A-CAHI, L-CAHI and AHI between satisfactory and unsatisfactory clinical function groups. The diagnostic value using A-CAHI, L-CAHI, AHI, or A-CAHI combined with L-CAHI for unsatisfactory clinical function were investigated by the ROC curve. The area under the curve (AUC) and the Z statistic were used to compare diagnostic performance. Results:The values of A-CAHI, L-CAHI and AHI were significantly higher in satisfactory clinical function group compared with the unsatisfactory group ( Z=-7.746, -7.735, t=-7.199, all P<0.001).A-CAHI combined with L-CAHI had the significant highest diagnostic accuracy compared with A-CAHI, L-CAHI and AHI (AUC were 0.994, 0.969, 0.968, 0.861, respectively), with significant differences ( Z=1.975, 2.006, 3.553, P=0.048, 0.051,<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of A-CAHI combined with L-CAHI for the diagnosis of prognosis were 95.7% and 97.8%, respectively. Conclusions:A-CAHI measured by high resolution MRI was found to have the highest diagnostic accuracy for prediction of hip clinical function in the treated DDH, and combined with L-CAHI can improve the diagnostic accuracy significantly.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and the application values of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) for the assessment of meniscal injury and in distinguishing meniscus degeneration and tears.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 70 patients suspected of meniscus injury and scheduled for arthroscopy in Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University from November 2019 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty age-and sex-matched healthy subjects were also examined as controls. All subjects received knee joint QSM and routine MR imaging. According to the results of arthroscopy, the patients was divided into meniscus degeneration and meniscus tear groups, respectively. The conventional MR was evaluated by two radiologists. The meniscus injury area was delineated on the original QSM magnitude images (the central area of the posterior corner of the lateral meniscus was selected in the healthy controls) and mapped to the corresponding QSM maps, and the magnetic susceptibility values were measured. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to analyze the magnetic sensitivity values of meniscal degeneration, meniscal tear and healthy control groups; and Bonferroni was used to correct the pairwise comparison. ROC curve was established to evaluate the threshold and efficacy of magnetic susceptibility value in the diagnosis of meniscal tear. The results were compared with those of conventional MRI. Results:The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls, meniscal degeneration and meniscal tear groups were (0.035±0.016)ppm, -0.031(-0.040,-0.005)ppm, and(-0.122±0.115)ppm, respectively, with significant difference found among the three groups (χ2=44.419, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls was significantly higher than those of meniscus degeneration patients and meniscus tear patients (χ2=-23.843, -48.253, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of meniscus tear group was significant lower than those of meniscus degeneration group (χ2=-24.410, P<0.05). Taking magnetic susceptibility values of -0.062 5 ppm as threshold, the area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of meniscal tears was 0.949, with the sensitivity as 87% and the specificity as 100%. The sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI in the diagnosis of meniscal tears were 86.8% and 87.5%, respectively. Conclusion:QSM can quantitatively evaluate meniscus injury and can be used as an effective supplement method to conventional MRI, which is helpful to improve the diagnosis of meniscus tear.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 415-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of DWI with background suppression (DWIBS) in evaluating the injury of the low limb nerves in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 30 patients with GBS and 30 healthy volunteers matched with their age and gender in Zibo Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received lower limb nerve electrophysiological examination and all subjects received lower limb nerve DWIBS examination one week later. The display of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve after DWIBS image reconstruction in normal volunteers and GBS patients was scored by two senior radiologists. Kappa consistency test was used to analyze the consistency of the two senior radiologists′ scores. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) and motor nerve conduction amplitudes of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve in patients with GBS among different DWIBS scores. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DWIBS tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve scores and electrophysiological parameters in patients with GBS.Results:In the DWIBS images of 30 healthy volunteers, 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves showed clear, sharp edges, good signal intensity, uniformity, and the scores were 4. The consistency between the two radiologists was good (Kappa value=1.0). In the 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves of 30 GBS patients, 53 tibial nerves and 52 common peroneal nerves showed abnormal changes in varying degrees, including blurred edges, distortions, difficulty in recognition, and weakened signal strength, etc. The consistency between the two readers was good (Kappa value=0.879,0.863,respectively.).With the decrease of DWIBS score, the MCV and motor nerve conduction amplitude values of tibial nerves and common peroneal nervesin GBS patients decreased, and the differences between the score groups were statistically significant ( P<0.01). The scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS were positively correlated with MCV ( r=0.83, 0.84, respectively, P<0.05) and motor nerve conduction amplitude ( r=0.81, 0.79, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion:DWIBS could provide a three dimensional visualization of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves, and evaluate the disorders of peripheral nerves in patients with GBS. There has correlation between the scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS with electrophysiology parameters.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1095-1100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of age with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) values as fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of three-dimensional nerve-sheath signal increased with inked rest-tissue rapid acquisition of relaxation imaging (3D SHINKEI) of the brachial plexus in normal adults.Methods:A total of 54 adult healthy volunteers and 6 patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome were prospectively enrolled from October 2018 to April 2019. Healthy volunteers were divided into 3 groups according to age as 21-40 years old group ( n=20), 41-60 years old group ( n=20), and ≥61 years old group ( n=14). All of them underwent MRI examination of the brachial plexus, including DTI and 3D SHINKEI sequences. The average FA and ADC values of the brachial plexus were measured and calculated through the fusion of DTI and 3D SHINKEI by 2 physicians independently. The contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of brachial plexus nerve was measured in 3D SHINKEI sequence images. Intraclass correlation efficient (ICC) was used to analyze the consistency between the two physicians. A simple linear regression model and Pearson correlation analysis were used to detect the correlation between FA, ADC, CNR and age. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the differences of FA, ADC and CNR in different age groups. The FA and ADC values in different genders were compared by independent sample t-test. Results:Inter-observer agreements of the 2 physicians were good for FA and ADC values with ICC values of 0.811 and 0.901, respectively. For different groups, FA values were 0.397±0.023, 0.368±0.023, and 0.334±0.018 and ADC values were (1.376±0.072) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.466±0.086) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.486±0.080) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, for 21-40, 41-60, and ≥61 years old groups, respectively with statistical significant difference ( F=25.311, P<0.001; F=9.948, P<0.001). The CNR of the brachial plexus were 510.583±192.846, 502.581±128.821, and 426.782±113.648 for 21-40, 41-60, and ≥61 years old group without statistical difference ( F=1.429, P=0.249). The FA value of brachial plexus was highly negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.745, P<0.001), while the ADC value was moderately positively correlated with age ( r=0.596, P<0.001). The CNR of 3D SHINKEI sequence was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.292, P=0.033). There was no statistically significant difference in brachial plexus FA and ADC values between male and female subjects ( t=1.496, P=0.141; t=-1.557, P=0.126). The FA value of Guillain-Barre syndrome patients was lower than that of healthy volanteers in the same age group ( t=6.129, P<0.001), and the ADC value had no statistical diference ( t=-1.335, P=0.186). Conclusion:The values of FA, ADC and CNR of brachial plexus in normal adults change with age. Among them, FA value is more significant.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 456-459, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the feasibility of prenatal MRI in evaluating fetal auricle developmental malformation and atresia of external auditory canal.Methods:Fifteen pregnant women (aged from 22 to 40 years old, mean age 31.3±5.2 years old) with fetal external ear developmental malformation suspected by ultrasound underwent MR scanning between November 2017 and May 2019. All of them were singleton. The gestational age ranged from 23 weeks to 35 weeks, with an average of (27.5±3.5) weeks. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis of fetal auricle malformation and atresia of external auditory canal were calculated and compared, using postnatal follow-up as the gold standard. Fisher exact test was used to compare the efficacy of MRI and ultrasound in diagnosing atresia of external auditory canal.Results:A total of 30 fetal external ears were detected in 15 fetuses, without auricle absence. Totally 19 external ears with developmental malformation were confirmed by postnatal follow-up, including 19 ears with auricle malformation and 15 ears with external auditory canal atresia. The accuracy of MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis of auricle malformation was both 100% (19/19). For the diagnosis of external auditory canal atresia, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI and ultrasound were 93.3% (14/15), 75.0% (3/4), 89.5% (17/19) and 33.3% (5/15), 25.0% (1/4), 31.6% (6/19), respectively. The sensitivity and accuracy of MRI in the diagnosis of atresia of external auditory canal were significantly higher than those of ultrasound, with statistically significant difference ( P=0.004, 0.001). Conclusion:MRI plays an important role in the diagnosis of fetal external ear developmental malformation, which can be used as an effective supplement to ultrasound, especially for the diagnosis of external auditory atresia.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 235-240, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate alterations of periventricular pseudocysts (PVPC) on MRI before and after birth, and to assess the prognosis.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 67 cases that were diagnosed with PVPC on prenatal MRI, of which 24 cases were lost to follow-up, 2 died after birth. A total of 41 surviving fetuses were included in this prognosis study. The gestational ages in this group were between 23 and 39 weeks, with an average of (33±3) weeks.All the subjects underwent brain MRI examinations and Gesell Developmental Scale (GDS) testing between 0-3 years of age. According to the location of cysts and with or without other intracranial and extracranial malformations (dilated ventricles orcerebella medulla, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, TORCH virus infection, corporal hypoplasia, chromosomal malformations and nodular sclerosis) , the patients were divided into four groups: isolated connatal cysts, connatal cysts with additional findings,isolated subependymal pseudocysts, and subependymal pseudocysts with additional findings.The MR images were independently reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical information. Intraclass correlation efficient (ICC) was used to analyze the consistency between the two reviewers.Chi-square test was used to compare the location of cysts (single/bilateral), the number of cyst cavities (single/multi-chamber), and other abnormalities in the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group. The mean anteroposterior diameter and mean height of cysts between the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group were compared by independent sample t-test.The ANOVA test was used to compare the differences in GDS outcomes among the groups. Multiple comparisons were conducted using the LSD test. Results:Inter-observer agreements between the two radiologists were good for the collected data (all ICC>0.75). Eleven isolated connatal cysts and 7 connatal cysts with additional findings became smaller or disappeared, and all had good prognosis. Of the 14 isolated subependymal cysts, 12 became smaller or disappeared, 2 had no change in size, and 13 had good prognosis. The subependymal cysts with additional findings group included 9 cases: 6 became smaller or disappeared, only 3 showed no apparent changes, and 7 had an abnormal outcome. Subependymal cysts with additional findings were significantly reduced and patients demonstrated significant differences compared with the those with isolated subependymal cysts in the development quotients (DQ) of adaptability, large movements, fine movements, personal social interaction, and language DQ ( P all<0.05). DQ between patients with isolated connatal cysts and isolated subependymal cysts was comparable ( P all>0.05). When associated with additional findings, connatal cysts and subependymal cysts could induce significant different DQ outcome ( P all<0.05). Conclusions:Isolated PVPC usually become smaller or disappeared and have a benign presentation after birth, whereas patients with subependymal cysts with additional findings usually have a poor prognosis. Connatal cysts usually have a good prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 119-124, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707905

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the advantages of susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in depiction of normal fetal vertebra and vertebral anomalies.Methods This prospective study was approved by our institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from every participant, Fifty-eight pregnant women (gestation age 22 to 39 weeks, average 29 ± 3 weeks) who were suspected of carrying babies with vertebral anomalies by ultrasound screening underwent 1.5 T fetal spine MRI[including half-fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin-echo(HASTE),true fast imaging with steady-state(True FISP) and SWI sequences]. MR images were reviewed for their quality by two radiologists independently. The image scores in HASTE, True FISP and SWI were compared by using Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. Three segments (cervical, thoracic and lumbosacral segments, respectively) of 15 fetuses were, at random, collected to compare among HASTE,True FISP and SWI and then evaluated by ANOVA analysis.The diagnostic accuracy of the three sequences among 32 cases with follow-up results was calculated respectively and compared by using Chi-square test. Results There was statistical differences among three sequences(χ2=50.685,P<0.05).The scores of SWI was higher than that of True FISP, and the scores of True FISP was higher than that of HASTE in the evaluation of the fetal vertebra(P all<0.05).The differences among cervical,thoracic and lumbosacral segments on True FISP and HASTE showed significant difference statistically (P all<0.05), also the image quality of cervical segment could not meet the requirement of clinical diagnosis. The image quality of SWI was favorable clinically and no statistical difference among three segments was found(P>0.05).A total of 32 fetal vertebral anomalies were identified by follow-up after birth including hemivertebra (n=14), fusion of vertebrae (n=1), butterfly vertebra (n=1), multiple vertebral malformations(n=9),spinal bifida(n=5),caudal regression syndrome(n=2).The diagnostic accuracy of SWI, True FISP and HASTE was 93.75% (30/32), 56.25% (18/32) and 37.50% (12/32) respectively.The diagnostic accuracy of SWI was the best compared to that of True-FISP and HASTE(χ2=10.083,20.017;P<0.01). Conclusion SWI proved to be the optimal technique in depiction of fetal vertebra and vertebral anomalies than True FISP and HASTE,especially in depiction of cervical vertebra.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 8-12, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509052

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the optimal visiualization capacity of brachial plexus with three-dimensional nerve-sheath signal increased with inked rest-tissue rapid acquisition of relaxation imaging (3D SHINKEI), exploring the feasibility of preliminary diagnostic value on brachial plexus diseases. Methods MRI scans were performed on 24 healthy volunteers with no history of brachial plexus injury, and 46 patients whose outcomes of lesions had been verified as post-ganglionic brachial plexus injuries by surgery or clinical follows-up . The scan series consist 3D SHINKEI, STIR in the coronal plane as well as DW-MRN in the axial plane using a 3.0 T MR system. The source and post-processed images of 3D SHINKEI and DW-MRN were scored according to the optimal visibility on brachial plexus, in the meanwhile, contrast-to-noise ratio of the original images in the 3D SHINKEI and STIR sequences were calculated separately. Two radiologists blindly compared the detection rate of positive brachial plexus injuries between 3D SHINKEI and STIR in 46 patients. And then analyze the outcomes by means of Kappa test, Mann-Whitney test , independent sample t test, and Chi-square test. Results Post-ganglionic brachial plexus showed high intensity in the 3D SHINKEI sequence. In the 24 healthy volunteers, the scores by the two radiologists were 3.6 ± 0.6, 3.5 ± 0.6, 3.0 ± 0.2, 2.9 ± 0.1, respectively. There was statistical difference between the two sequences (Z=2.667,P=0.008,P<0.05). And the Kappa was 0.8 and 0.6 with favorable consistency. The CNR of 3D SHINKEI and STIR were 0.61 ± 0.07, 0.42 ± 0.03 (t=12.78, P=0.001, P<0.05). The positive detection rates of post-ganglionic brachial plexus injuries on 3D SKINKEI and STIR were, 78.3%, 52.2%(χ2=9.421, P<0.05). Conclusions 3D SHINKEI sequence demonstrates robust visibility consistently and can clearly display the structures and signals of post-ganglionic abnormality, compared with DW-MRN and STIR. This technique can be helpful to provide more complementary information to further confirm the diagnosis of brachial plexus injuries.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 372-376, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) quantitative parameters in evaluating the injury of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome(GBS). Methods Sixteen healthy volunteers and sixteen patients with GBS underwent DTI examination of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve. The denervation of skeletal muscles controlled by the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve was observed. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value, fractional anisotropy (FA) value, axial diffusivity (AD) value and radial diffusivity (RD) value were measured respectively,and diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve was performed. Between-groups comparison was made with the independent sample t test and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the parameters. Results (1)The MR features of denervated skeletal muscles comprehend hyperintensity on T2WI SPAIR sequence and the instinct boundary, muscle atrophy occationally. (2)Compared with the healthy volunteer group, the ADC value of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve of GBS group was increased and the FA value, AD value, RD value were decreased, and there was significant difference between the ADC value, FA value, AD value and RD value of GBS and volunteer groups respectively(P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of FA value was higher than that of the corresponding ADC value in the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve. (3)DTT showed that the number of fibers decreased in patients with GBS compared to the normal volunteers. Conclusion MR can clearly show the denervated skeletal muscles controlled by the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve. The ADC value, FA value, AD value and RD value, the quantitative parameters of DTI, can evaluate the injury of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve in patients with GBS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668126

ABSTRACT

Objective The mechanism of inhibition of the proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells by miR-646 was investigated.Methods The effects of miR-646 on the proliferation of U2OS cells were detected by MTT assay.The effects of miR-646 on U2OS cell migration were analyzed by Tmnswell assay.MIRDB was used to predict the binding sites of miR-646 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),which were confirmed in a luciferase reporter assay.Western blotting was conducted to detect the effect of miR-646 on the EGFR pathway.Results The MTT test showed that transfection of miR-646 significantly inhibited U2OS cell proliferation;the 24 h inhibition rate was 21.76%± 1.05%.In contrast,the 24 h promotion was 18.89%± 0.81%.Transwell experiments showed that miR-646 inhibited the migration of osteosarcoma U2OS cells.MIRDB predicted that miR-646 bound in the 3'-untranslated region of EGFR,and luciferase reporter gene experiments showed that miR-646 directly acted on EGFR.Western blotting experiments demonstrated that miR-646 inhibited the proliferation and migration of U2OS cells to some extent by inhibiting the EGFR pathway.Conclusion miR-646 can inhibit the proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting the EGFR pathway.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 297-300, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470504

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the diameter of cochlear nerve(CN) in normal hearing children with different ages,and evaluate the diameter variations with age.Methods A total of 156 normal-hearing children were assessed with 3D-FIESTA sequence scanning of the inner ear.All the subjects were divided into 13 groups according to age,witha group of ≤6 months,a group of ≤1 year,and 11 groups from one year to 12 years.Each group had 12 cases,including 6 boys and 6 girls.The diameter of CN was measured at the entrance of the cochlea,the middle of internal auditory canal(IAC) and the fundus of IAC respectively on the axial and oblique sagittal images of 3.0 T MRI by two independent observers.The average values measured by them were the final results.The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to determine the consistency between the two independent observers.The t test was used to access differencesin CN diameter by sex and sides.One-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) and two-way ANOVA were used for comparisons among different groups.Spearman correlation coefficient was applied to find a correlation between the CN diameter and age.Results The diameters of normal-hearing children's CN at the middle of the IAC,IAC fundus and the entrance of the cochlea were (1.12 ± 0.08),(1.05 ± 0.06),(0.87 ± 0.14) mm respectively,and there was significant difference among the three measuring points (F=527.57,P<0.05).The diameters of the CN had no significant differenc (P>0.05) in age-groups,gender and sides(P>0.05),and there was no correlation between the diameters of normal children's CN and age.Conclusions The diameters of normal-hearing children's CN change with different points of the IAC,of which the maximum value is at the middle of the IAC,followed by the IAC fundus,and the entrance of the cochlea is at the minimum,more over the normal size doesn't change with age.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463752

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Compared with total knee arthroplasty, unicompartmental arthroplasty has the advantage of minimal invasion. Regarding the gold standard of total knee arthroplasty, the survival rate of unicompartmental arthroplasty remains controversial. OBJECTIVE:To establish three-dimensional finite element model of unicompartmental arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty, and comparatively analyze the changes in stress on the prosthetic contact surface. METHODS:One case underwent unicompartmental arthroplasty on one side, and received total knee arthroplasty on the opposite side. Knees were scanned by 3D CT before operation. Knee models were established by three-dimensional software. The matched prosthesis was designed by parameterization software. Three-dimensional models for unicompartmental arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty were established. By finite element analysis software, maximal equivalent stress was simulated when knee flexion was 0°, 10°, 30° and 60° in standing and walking cases, and results were compared and analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: No significant difference in maximal equivalent stress was detected when knee flexion was 0° and 10° in unicompartmental arthroplasty prosthesis and total knee arthroplasty prosthesis in standing case (P > 0.05). At knee flexion of 30° and 60° in standing case, the maximal equivalent stress was significantly greater in unicompartmental arthroplasty prosthesis than in the total knee arthroplasty prosthesis (15.01%, 6.08%;P < 0.05). When knee flexion was 0°, 10° 30° and 60° in standing case, the maximal equivalent stress was higher in unicompartmental arthroplasty prosthesis than in the total knee arthroplasty prosthesis (5.45%, 6.65%, 6.67%, 9.01%;P < 0.05). These findings verified that in the case of standing, there was no practical significance in wearing of polyethylene insert between unicompartmental arthroplasty prosthesis and total knee arthroplasty prosthesis. In the case of walking, the wearing of unicompartmental arthroplasty may be higher than that of total knee arthroplasty prosthesis, which provides guidance for the clinical practice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 823-827, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488547

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of temporal resolution of breast dynamic contrast-enhancing (DCE)-MRI on pharmacokinetic parameters and diagnostic performance in benign and malignant breast lesions.Methods Retrospective review was performed on 26 benign and 29 malignant breast lesions which were proven pathologically by surgery or biopsy.Dynamic contrast enhanced breast MRI using a new volume-interpolated-breath-hold examination sequence combining parallel acquisition, Dixon fat separation and time-resolved imaging with interleaved stochastic trajectories (CDT-VIBE) was performed in all patients.The original time resolution of this sequence was 12 s and based on which, dynamic sequences with different temporal resolutions of 24 s, 36 s, 48 s and 60 s were simulated by a sample-removing method and were used for the calculation of pharmacokinetic parameters, including volume transfer constant (Ktrans), constant flux rate (Kep), volume of extravascular extracellular space (Ve) and area under the curve at initial 60 s (iAUC), to observe their changes with different temporal resolution.The repeated measurement of analysis of variance was used to explore significant changes in pharmacokinetics parameters with different temporal resolution.To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of parameters with different temporal resolution, ROC analysis was performed in accordance with pathological findings.Results With decrease of temporal resolution from 12 to 60 s, there was a significant increase in Ktrans and Kep of benign lesions [Ktrans: (0.147±0.084)/min to (0.170 ± 0.085)/min, Kep: (0.321± 0.176)/min to (0.433± 0.175)/min] and steady decrease in Ktrans and Kep of malignant lesions [Ktrans: (0.373±0.210)/min to (0.259± 0.122)/min, Kep: (0.929 ±0.402)/min to (0.581 ± 0.143)/min];the changes of Ve were less significant and irregular;the values of iAUC decreased both in benign [(9.192± 4.660) to (7.388± 3.065)] and malignant [(20.221±9.876) to (12.850±5.194)] lesions.The changes in all parameters with different time resolution were statistically significant in benign and malignant lesions (all P<0.05).By pair-wise comparison between different time resolution, the changes of K among 12 s, 24 s and 36 s (all P<0.05), the changes of Kep between 12 s and others (all P<0.01), the changes of Ve between 24 s and others (all P<0.01), and the changes among all pairs of iAUC were significant (all P<0.05) except for 12 s and 24 s (P=1.000).The best AUC value of Ktrans and Kep between benign and malignant lesions were achieved with 12 s dynamic sequences (0.887, 0.939), and the best AUC value of iAUC was with 24 s sequences (0.877).The AUC values of Ve were between 0.511 to 0.601, which was lower than that of other three parameters.Conclusion A 24 s or higher temporal resolution of DCE-MRI should be able to provide consistent differentiation of pharmacokinetic parameters in benign and malignant breast lesions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484251

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe clinical effect of Danshentong capsule on invisible blood loss after total hip arthroplasty postoperative.Methods 90 cases were randomly divided into observation group and control group,which were chosen from January 2011 to March 2013, 45 cases in each group. Control group received low molecular weight heparin for prevention invisible blood loss, postoperative.Observation group were given Danshentong capsule for prevention invisible blood loss postoperative.Changes of related indicators were followed up and recorded.Results Hemoglobin were (112.20 ±16.17),(124.79 ±11.53)g/L of observation group 3 and 7 days postoperation, were higher than control group (94.84 ±14.93),(103.52 ±10.62) g/L (P<0.05).Patients in observation group 3 and 7 days platelet values (258.31 ±32.95),(242.16 ±31.06) ×109/L, than control group (225.14 ±30.48,214.95 ±28.68) ×109/L (P<0.05).Patients in observation group hidden hemorrhage (420.59 ±53.96), lower than control group (868.05 ±65.37) U/mL (P<0.05).Postoperative adverse reactions observed ratio of 6.67% in observation group, lower than control group 26.67%(P<0.05).Conclusion Danshentong capsule in hip replacement surgery occult bleeding prevention clinical exact effect, no significant side effects, is worthy of further research and application.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243890

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and mechanism of endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt surgery for intractable Meniere's disease of different stages according to hearing level.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data from 240 patients diagnosed with unilateral MD strictly meeting the criteria issued by Chinese Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee (2006) from January 1983 to January 2012 were analyzed in this study. Endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt surgery was performed in affected ear for each patient. The evaluation of therapy followed the guidelines issued by Chinese Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Committe. Vertigo control and auditory function were measured in two-year's follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to the preoperative staging of hearing, among these 240 patients, there were 12 cases in stage I (with an average hearing threshold < 25 dB), 130 cases in stage II (with an average hearing threshold of 25-40 dB), 85 in stage III (41-70 dB) and 13 cases in stage IV(with an average hearing threshold > 70 dB). Overall control rate of vertigo was 77.9% (187/240) in two-year's follow-up, with total control 49.2% (118/240) and substantial control 28.7% (69/240). The hearing was improved in 25.0% (60/240) of cases, no change in 59.2% (142/240) of cases, and worse in 15.8% (38/240) of cases. According to different stages, vertigo control rate was 83.3% (10/12) in stage I, 82.3% (107/130) in stage II, 75.3% (64/85) in stage III and 46.2% (6/13) in stage IV. Vertigo control rate of stage IV patients was significantly lower than that of stage II and III patients (χ(2) = 9.318 and 4.692, P < 0.05), while vertigo control rate of stage I, II, III patients had no significant difference with each other (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt operation is an effective method in the treatment of intractable Meniere's disease, but the effect was poor in stage IV patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Endolymphatic Sac , General Surgery , Hearing , Humans , Mastoid , General Surgery , Meniere Disease , General Surgery , Otologic Surgical Procedures , Vertigo , Therapeutics
16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1798-1801, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458107

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess intraplaque hemorrhage before carotid artery stenting (CAS)by use of 3D-MPRAGE and DWI sequence.Methods Thirty-two symptomatic patients who had carotid artery plaque suspected by color Doppler ultrasonography and prepared for CAS underwent 3.0T carotid high-resolution MR scans,including regular sequence,T1-weighted gradient echo three-di-mensional magnetization prepared (3D-MPRAGE ) sequence,diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI ) sequences.According to 3D-MPRAGE sequence hemorrhage and non-hemorrhage groups were divided,and measured the mean ADC values of the two groups, hemorrhage and non-hemorrhage part in the hemorrhage group.Meanwhile preoperative cerebral hemorrhage group underwent brain DWI scans.Independent samples t-test analysis was utilized by SPSS V20.0 statistical software.Results High-resolution MRI dis-played 40 plaques,fourteen hemorrhagic plaques showed by 3D-MPRAGE sequence.The mean ADC values of hemorrhage and no-hemorrhage group were(1 233.5±283.5)× 10 -6 mm2/s,(1 688.9 ± 449.6)× 10 -6 mm2/s respectively,the difference of both was significant (t=3.43,P <0.05).The mean ADC values of hemorrhage and non-hemorrhage parts in the hemorrhage group mean ADC values were (934.0 ± 387.9)× 10-6 mm2/s,(1 313.9 ± 295.0)× 10-6 mm2/s respectively;the difference of both was statistically significant (t=2.92,P < 0.05 ).The difference of mean ADC values between non-hemorrhage part in the hemorrhage group and hemorrhage group was statistically significant (t=2.80,P <0.05).Conclusion 3D-MPRAGE and DWI sequences can be evaluated intraplaque hemorrhage before CAS,and provided a reliable basis for timely clinical interventions to prevent stroke.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 227-231, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443226

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the image quality of diffusion-weighted MR neurography (DW-MRN) of the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve prospectively using different motion probing gradients (MPGs).Methods A total of 21 healthy volunteers underwent DW-MRN at the knee (unilateral imaging) on a 3.0 T magnetic resonance system with unidirectional MPGs.The protocol included anteriorposterior unidirectional,right-left unidirectional,three-directional and six-directional MPGs.The apparent SNR and CNR of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve were calculated.Three-dimensional MIP images of the nerves were evaluated blindly by two radiologists using a four-point grading scale on basis of entirety depiction and the signal intensity.Significance was determined by using Friedman and paired Wilcoxon tests.Results The SNR of tibial nerves on DW-MRN with anterior-posterior,right-left,three directional and six directional MPGs were 4.17 (2.70-5.65),4.35 (0.47-4.69),3.46 (2.27-4.62) and 3.30 (2.06-4.43),respectively.CNR were 0.61 (0.46-0.70),0.63 (0.36-0.73),0.55 (0.39-0.64) and 0.53(0.35-0.63),respectively.The scores of tibial nerve image quality were 4.0 (2.0-4.0),4.0 (3.0-4.0),2.5 (2.0-3.5),2.0 (1.0-2.5),respectively.Interobserver agreement was good and the Kappa value was 0.69 (P < 0.05).The SNR of the common peroneal nerves on DW-MRN with anteriorposterior,right-left,three directional and six directional MPGs were 3.05 (2.30-4.20),3.05 (2.26-4.34),2.72 (1.84-13.80) and 2.68 (1.87-3.67),respectively.CNR were 0.51 (0.39-0.62),0.51 (0.39-0.63),0.46(0.30-0.86) and 0.46(0.30-0.57),respectively.The scores of the common peroneal nerve image quality were 3.5 (2.0-4.0),4.0 (2.0-4.0),2.0 (1.0-3.0) and 2.0 (1.0-2.5),respectively.Interobserver agreement was good and the Kappa value was 0.70(P <0.05).For SNR,CNR and nerve image quality of the tibial nerves and the common peroneal nerves,there were significant differences among different MPGs (x2 =215.01,215.01,60.49 and 182.82,182.82,60.22,respectively,P < 0.05).SNR,CNR and nerve image quality of the tibial nerves and the common peroneal nerves on DW-MRN with unidirectional MPGs were better than those with three-directional and sixdirectional MPGs (Z =-6.90-4.03,P < 0.05).The SNR and CNR of the tibial nerves on DW-MRN with right-left direction were better than those with anterior-posterior unidirectional MPGs (Z =-3.53,-3.41,P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference of image quality between right-left and anteriorposterior directional MPGs (Z =-0.58,P > 0.05).DW-MRN of the tibial nerves with three-directional MPGs was better than that with six-directional MPGs (Z =-3.00,-2.80,-3.92,P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between right-left and anterior-posterior unidirectional MPGs,or between three-directional and six-directional MPGs of common peroneal nerves (Z =-1.94--0.31,P > 0.05).Conclusions DW-MRN has capability to provide three-dimensional visualization of the tibial and common peroneal nerves,and the image quality with unidirectional MPGs is better than that with three or six directional MPGs.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3759-3762, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461663

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of the white matter in adolescent depression by using the method of tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). Methods We employed TBSS to examine WM microstructure in 35 treatment-naive adolescents with clinical depression and in 40 matched controls. By using the TBSS, we compared the difference of fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD) and mean diffusivity (MD) between theadolescent patients with depression and the controls. Results Our analysis revealed the abnormal WM microstructures in the clinically depressed adolescents. The whole-brain analysis revealed that patients, with lower FA values in the body of the corpus callosum (CC) (P 0.05). The FA values in the body of the corpus callosum was negatively correlated with the severity of depression (P < 0.01). Conclusions Our findings suggest that WM abnormalities are involved in the path-physiology of depression. Importantly , our findings show that these WM abnormalities present early in the course of the disorder.

19.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1157-1160,1164, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599366

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI )and DTT to differentiate the central prostate cancer(PCa )from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH ).Methods 16 CG-PCa cases and 30 BPH cases proven by Histopathologi-cally had been performed MRI and DTI.ADC values and FA values of CG-PCa and BPH were respectively measured,comparing whether there is any discrepancies between two groups.For DTT maps,two observers record the score using a four-point scale and compare the differences between two groups of lesions about fibers continuity and density.Results ADC values and FA values in BPH-PCa were:(1 357±163)×10-6-(1 058±196)×10-6 mm2/s,and (356±116)×10-3- (407±132)×10-3 respectively. ADC value between the two groups was statistically significant difference (P0.05).Interob-server agreement regarding the scale was good (k =0.723).The two viewers'DTT map score of CG cancer were 2.9±0.9;2.8± 1.0,the BPH were 1.8±0.7;1.7±0.8.The DTT map score between the two groups for two viewers were all statistically signifi-cant difference (P< 0.05).Conclusion ADC values can significantly differentiate CG-PCa from BPH,FA values cannot.DTT maps can describe prostate more institute,providing a certain value in distinguish PCa from BPH.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 881-885, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428140

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAfter intratympanic gadolinium administration through the tympanic membrane,three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging (3D-FLAIR MRI) was performed to evaluate endolymphatic visualization and its diagnostic value in Meniere's disease.MethodsTwenty-four hours after intratympanic gadolinium administration through the tympanic membrane,19 patients with unilateral Meniere's disease diagnosed clinically underwent 3D-FLAIR and 3D-Balance-FFE imaging at 3.0 T MR scanner.The enhanced imaging of perilymphatic space in bilateral cochlea,vestibular and (or) canal were observed.Scala tympani and scala vestibule of bilateral cochlear basal turn were scored respectively.The enhanced range of bilateral vestibule and the signal intensity ratio (SIR) between the vestibule and the brain stem were measured. Wilcoxon tests and paired t tests were used.ResultsThe gadolinium appeared in almost all parts of the perilymph in cochlea,vestibular and (or) canal,so the endolymphatic space was clearly visualized on 3D-FLAIR imaging.The score of scala vestibuli between the affected side (3 cases scored 2,9 cases scored 1,7 cascs scored 0) and the healthy side ( 15 cases scored 2,2 cases scored 1,2 cases scored 0 ) were significantly different ( U =3.090,P < 0.05 ).The area of enhanced vestibular were (5.77 ± 2.33) mm2 and (8.11 ± 3.32) mm2 for the affected side and the healthy side,which were significantly different ( U =3.090,P < 0.05 and t =2.638,P < 0.05 ).Conclusions According to 3D-Balance-FFE MRI and the enhancement of perilymphatic space,3D-FLAIR MRI with intratympanic gadolinium injection through the tympanic membrance can be used to show the border between the perilymph and the endolymph and confirm endolymphatic hydrops,thus providing radiographic evidence for the diagnosis of Meniere's disease.

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