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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 872-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence and distribution characteristics of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in hospitalized patients with thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (TOLF).Methods:The clinical records of 132 consecutive TOLF patients from January 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively studied. DISH was identified by the preoperative X-ray and CT and its prevalence was calculated. The prevalence of patients with different genders, different age groups and different ossification types was compared. The segmental distribution of DISH and the distribution in the upper (T 1-T 4), middle (T 5-T 8), and lower thoracic spine (T 9-T 12) were analyzed. Ossification degree of DISH was evaluated based on the Meta scoring system. The demographic characteristics (age, gender, BMI, etc.) were compared between DISH and non-DISH group. Results:Forty-nine patients was diagnosed as DISH with the prevalence of 37.1% in all included cases. The prevalence was about twice as high in male (46.3%) than in female (23.1%) ( χ2=8.806, P=0.003). The prevalence in the age groups of <40, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years was 20.0%, 28.0%, 34.4%, 44.0%, and 66.7%, respectively. The prevalence in long-segment TOLF patients (45.1%) was significantly higher than that in short-segment TOLF patients (24.0%) ( χ2=5.937, P=0.015). DISH most frequently affected T 8,9 levels (91.8%). The total number and mean number of ossified segments were 365 and 7.4, respectively. Ossification lesions in the upper, middle, lower thoracic spine accounted for 26.03%, 40.54%, and 33.15%, respectively. Grade I, grade II, and grade III ossification accounted for 21.4%, 28.5% and 50.1%, respectively. The mean age of the DISH group was older than the non-DISH group ( t=2.024, P=0.045). The proportion of male patients in the DISH group was significantly higher than that in the non-DISH group ( χ2=8.806, P=0.003). The average height and weight in the DISH group were significantly greater than those in the non-DISH group ( t=2.564, P=0.012; t=2.191, P=0.030), whereas no significant differences in BMI and constituent ratio of concurrent diabetes, cardiac disease, hypertension between two groups were observed. Conclusion:The prevalence of DISH in patients with TOLF is 37.1%. Male, elderly and long-segment TOLF patients are associated with higher prevalence. DISH frequently occurs in the middle and lower thoracic spine, and T 8,9 is the common affected segment. Ossification lesions may develop with age. Demographic characteristics of DISH group differ, to some extent, from those of non-DISH group.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1493-1502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869098

ABSTRACT

Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF) are clinically common heterotopic ossification diseases, which are the main causes of cervical and thoracic spinal stenosis and spinal cord injury. In some cases, OPLL and OLF may involve multiple spinal sites, individually or concurrently, increasing the difficulty of clinical diagnosis and treatment. This review initially attempts to define this specific ossification phenomenon as Tandem ossification of intraspinal ligaments (TOIL). It refers to a kind of severe spinal ligament ossification diseases caused by multiple factors, that OPLL and OLF occur alone or in combination at two or more sites of the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar spine with five or more ossified segments, progressively compressing the spinal cord or nerves, thereby resulting in a series of complex clinical symptoms. The prevalence of TOIL remains unknown, but its clinical detection rate is relatively high, and the most common TOIL is cervical OPLL combined with thoracic OPLL or/and OLF. Moreover, occurrence and development of TOIL involve many factors and its definitepathogenesis is not clear. Damage of upper and lower motor neurons can occur simultaneously in TOIL patients so that their clinical symptoms and signs often interfere with each other. TOIL has various forms, complex imaging features, and no uniform diagnostic and localization diagnostic criteria, which may easily lead to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. It is recommended that TOIL is identified by the typical symptoms and signs as the basis, CT three-dimensional reconstruction and MRI signs as the reference, and combination of the possible risk factors and clinical experience. Currently, surgical decompression for responsible lesions is the only effective treatment for symptomatic TOIL. However, domestic and foreign scholars still have great arguments on the optimal surgical strategy of TOIL. No consensus has been reached on how to determine the operating segment and the extent of decompression, which surgical approach and technique to be adopted, and when to select staged or one-stage combined surgery. Therefore, this review summarizes and discusses the current status and progress of the clinical characteristics and surgical strategies of TOIL through searching the relevant literature, to provide a reference for clinicians to diagnose and treat TOIL.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 962-970, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869047

ABSTRACT

Thoracic ossification of ligament flavum (TOLF) is a pathological process of heterotopic bone formation from ligamentum flavum tissue, which is the most common cause of thoracic spinal stenosis and thoracic myelopathy. Imaging examination is the predominant measure for localization and qualitative diagnosis for TOLF. Various TOLF classification systems have been reported currently, based on its morphology, distribution, configuration of compressed spinal cord or its association with peripheral tissue structures. However, there has been no unified classification due to confusing clinical applications. Therefore, we conducted a review to summarize TOLF classification systems and to evaluate the reliability of these classification systems and the diagnostic accuracy of various imaging modalities. As demonstrated in literatures, the diagnostic accuracy of radiography and the reliability of related classification were low. CT-based Sato classification (lateral, extended, enlarged, fused, tuberous) and Kuh classification (unilateral, bilateral, bridging), MRI-based Kuh classification (round, beak) and Chen Zhongqiang classification (isolated, skipping, continuous), Muthukumar classification combined with dural ossification (Tram track sign, Comma sign) elaborated ossification characteristics from different angles and dimensions. These classification systems were clinically significant in pathogenesis implication, risk assessment, treatment guidance and prognosis judgement, which showed high diagnostic accuracy and reliability. Combining multi-dimension and multi-level parameters of CT and MRI will play an important role in the diagnosis, treatment and new classification research of TOLF.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 93-98,封3, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693201

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of curcumin on the growth and apoptosis of human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells and explore the molecular mechanisms.Methods The human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells were treated with different concentrations of curcumin and the cell growth inhibition rate was detected by CCK-8.The effect of curcumin on human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells was observed.Refer to the relevant literature,the human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells were treated with the concentration of 2.5,5.0,10.0,15.0,20.0,40.0,60.0 μmol/L of curcumin for 48 hours,taking the 0 μmol/L curcumin as control group,and the cell growth inhibition rate was detected by CCK-8.According to the results of CCK-8,selecting the concentration of 0 μmol/L as control group and the concentration of 10.0,20.0,40.0 μmol/L as experimental groups,which has significant difference on growth inhibition rates.Cell cloning assay was used to detect cell cloning ability,Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis,and Western blotting to detect the protein expression levels of Mcl-1,Bax,Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL.The measurement data were expressed in ((x) ± s),and the single factor analysis of variance was used for comparison between groups.Results CCK-8 assay showed that with treated by the concentration of 2.5,5.0,10.0,15.0,20.0,40.0,60.0 μmol/L,the growth inhibition rates were(6.71 ± 3.45)%,(12.33 ± 5.02)%,(20.07 ± 5.60)%,(57.80 ±7.34)%,(78.37 ±6.53)%,(91.73 ±6.14)% and (96.18 ±3.45)%,suggesting that curcumin could inhibit the growth of human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells in a dose-dependent manner.Cell clone formation experiment showed that curcumin could inhibit the clone of the human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells,and the clone of the cells was inhibited significantly when the concentration of the curcumin was over 20.0μmol/L.The result of Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining analysis showed that the apoptotic rates of experimental groups and control groups were (5.20 ± 1.44) %,(9.90 ± 3.31) %,(55.67 ± 5.29) %,(79.63 ±4.71)%,with all the apoptotic rates of experimental group over the control groups (P <0.05),suggesting curcumin could induce the apoptosis of human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells.The Westen blotting showed that curcumin increased the expression of Bax protein while decreasing expression of Mcl-1 protein significantly in concentration-dependent manner (P < 0.05),but have no effect on the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL proteins.Conclusion Curcumin could inhibit the proliferation and clone of human hepatoma HCC-LM3 cells,and induce apoptosis in a dose dependent manner.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 297-300, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706797

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a clinically common primary malignant bone tumor.Its treatment is still not ideal because of the high de-gree of malignancy and early metastasis.Understanding the molecular mechanism and the biological characteristics of malignant os-teosarcoma,and exploring the effective treatment have become the focus of osteosarcoma research at home and abroad.A long non-coding RNA,lncRNA,is involved in the regulation of a variety of cellular functions and plays an important role in the development of osteosarcoma.Recently,lncRNA has been increasingly reported in osteosarcoma research.It has been found to affect the proliferation, invasion,and migration of osteosarcoma cells by interacting with proteins,mRNAs,and miRNAs.This article reviews the research on ln-cRNA based on recent reports regarding its role in the molecular mechanism of osteosarcoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 277-279, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806475

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and genotype distribution in male patients with condyloma acuminatum (CA).@*Methods@#Totally 332 male patients with CA were enrolled from March 2015 to September 2017 at Henan Provincial People′s Hospital. By means of flow-through hybridization after polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the wart tissue HPV DNA genotypes were detected by gene chip. χ2test was used to perform statistical analysis.@*Results@#Among 332 male CA patients, 239 was positive for HPV with the positive rate of 71.99% (95%CI: 67.16%-76.82%). A total of 37 kinds of genotypes, except for genotypes 26, 45, 69, 70, the others were all detected. The positive rate of genotype 6 was the highest in all detected genotypes (39.46%, 95%CI: 34.20%-44.72%) and the second one was genotype 11 (22.59%, 95%CI: 18.09%-27.09%), and the difference was significant (χ2=22.070, P<0.05). Among 239 HPV-positive CA patients, 158 were single infection and 139 were low-risk genotype (low-risk vs hight risk genotype: χ2=182.3, P<0.05), and 81 were multiple infection and 55 were mixed genotype (mixed vs low-risk genotype: χ2=32.241, P<0.05; mixed vs high-risk genotype: χ2=60.201, P<0.05). The CA patients mainly distributed in those aged 20 to 29 years, followed by those aged 30 to 39 years.@*Conclusions@#The genotypes of HPV infection in male patients with CA are mainly low-risk genotypes 6 and 11. Single infection is common, and the age of patients mainly distributes among 20 to 29 years old.

7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 384-388, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512333

ABSTRACT

Objective At present, the risk factors for cognitive impairment in epilepsy patients are not quite clear.This study was to explore the impacts of the clinical features, emotional health and quality of life (QOL) on the cognitive function of the adult patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Methods Using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scales, we evaluated the cognitive functions of the 109 adult epileptics of the outpatient clinic of neurology in Jinling Hospital.We assessed their emotional health with Hamilton Depression Scale-24 (HAMD-24), estimated their QOL with Quality Of Life in Epilepsy-31 (QOLIE-31), and collected their baseline clinical data by questionnaire survey.Results There were 67 cases of MCI (61.5%) among the 109 patients.The residential area was the strongest predictor of MCI in the adult epileptics (OR=0.226, 95% CI: 0.082-0.627).Among other risk factors of post-epileptic MCI were the total scores of HAMD-24 (OR=0.770, 95% CI: 0.644-0.921) and QOLIE-31 (OR=0.712, 95% CI: 0.575-0.880), QOL (OR=1.070, 95% CI: 1.015-1.128), cognitive function (OR=1.120, 95% CI: 1.043-1.203), and social function (OR=1.103, 95% CI: 1.035-1.175).Conclusion The incidence of MCI is high in adult patients with epilepsy.The development and progression of post-epileptic MCI can be delayed by more emphasis on the evaluation of cognitive function, emotional health, and quality of life.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1487-1489, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511861

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) combined with Rhubarb at early stage on inflammatory cytokine in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis.Methods Fifty two patients with SAP were randomly divided into three groups,the conventional treatment group,the CRRT group,and the combined group.CRRT was inplemented in 48 h after the diagnosis of SAP.APACHE-Ⅱ score,mortality were compared before and after treatment.Double sandwich ELISA method was used to detect the levels of interleukin 22 (IL 22),IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α).Results The clinical effect in combined group was better than other groups,and the mortality was lower than other groups,but the difference was not statisticaly different(P>0.05).The levels of IL-22,TNF-α and IL-18 were not significantly different among three groups before treatment (P>0.05).After treatment,the inflammatory factors decreased in all groups.The levels of IL-18,TNF-and IL-22 in CRRT group and combined group were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05),and the combined group decresed most abviously(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in APACHE Ⅱ score among the three groups before treatment (P>0.05),while the APACHE-Ⅱ scores were significantly decreased after treatment,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).After treatment,the APACHE-Ⅱ score of the combined group were significantly lower than the other two groups(P<0.05).Conclusion The therapy of CRRT combined with Rhubarb at early period in SAP patients can better clean up inflammatory cytokines of IL-22,TNF-,IL-18,so that patients with SAP can get more clinical benefits.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 618-622, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618007

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical application value of individualization portal for knee arthroscope meniscoplasty. Methods The clinical data of 100 patients who had underwent knee arthroscope meniscoplasty were retrospectively analyzed. In the patients, 50 cases were performed with routine portal (group A), and other 50 cases were performed with individualization portal (group B). The operation time, curative effect and incidence of complications were compared between 2 groups. Results The operation time in group B was significantly lower than that in group A:(28.8 ± 3.1) min vs. (39.5 ± 5.4) min, and there was statistical difference (t = 12.151, P0.05. The incidence of meniscus and cartilage injury in group B was significantly lower than that in group A: 2% (1/50) vs. 14% (7/50), and there was statistical difference (χ2 = 4.891, P0.05). There was no ligament injury, infection, vascular and nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis, instrumentation damage and synovial fistula. Conclusions The individualization portal for knee arthroscope meniscoplasty is more convenient. It can shorten operation time and decrease meniscus and cartilage injury. But it has no influence on clinical effect and other complications.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4513-4514,4515, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the risk factors of adverse reaction of cefazolin drugs by Logistic model. METHODS:Re-lated information was collected from the information system of our hospital,and SPSS 19.0 software was conducted for statistical analysis. RESULTS:Totally 855 patients were enrolled,30 of which had adverse reactions(3.51%). According to the results of Logistic analysis,intravenous administration with the concentration of ≥20 mg/ml (OR=7.857,95% CI:1.566-39.431,P=0.003) was the risk factor of adverse reaction of cefazolin drugs when single dose was above 2 g (OR=13.75,95% CI:2.423-78.028,P1.75 g with ad-ministration time of 0:00-9:05 and concentration of above 7 mg/ml. According to the predictive thresholds,the risk of patients with adverse reaction can be predicted to promote safe and effective use of cefazolin.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 178-182,191, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598963

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of angioplasty for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. Methods Eighty-two patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis whom underwent angioplasty after the failure of standard medical therapy were enrolled from Nan-jing Stroke Registry Program from September 2010 to June 2013.Nine of them underwent routine balloon angioplasty alone and 73 underwent intracranial stenting.The median time from onset to surgery was 24.5 days.The occurrence of endpoint events (any stroke ≤30 d after procedure,death and ischemic stroke >30 d in guilty vessels or original stenosis had restenosis and needed to be treated again)was assessed. The incidence of restenosis was followed up with imaging (CTA or DSA). Results (1)In the 82 patients, the success rate of operation was 92.7%(n=72 ),and 78 (95.1%)received follow-up,4 were lost to follow-up.The median follow-up time was 22.5 months (range 9 to 29 months ).Ten patients had an endpoint event,7 of them were ischemic stroke,1 was cerebral hemorrhage,and two were severe asymptomatic restenosis who underwent stenting again.The endpoint events of 3 patients occurred at day 30 after procedure (at ≤24 h after procedure).Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the incidences of cumulative endpoint events at 1,6,12,and 24 months were 3.7%,8.6%,11%,and 13%,respectively.(2)60 patients (73.2%)received imaging examination (11 CTA and 49 DSA ).Restenosis occurred in 17 patients (28.3%),among them the incidence of symptomatic restenosis was 5%(n =3 ),and asymptomatic restenosis was 23.3%(n=14). Conclusion After a comprehensive assessment and a rigorous screening, the safety is high and the mid- and long-term efficacy are satisfactory in patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis who are treated with angioplasty when their medical treatment is invalid.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 250-255,269, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598943

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the efficacy and safety of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)for post-stroke dysphagia. Methods The clinical trials about rTMS for post-stroke dysphagia were searched on Pubmed,EMbase,MEDLINE,Cochrane library,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chinese BioMedical Literature Database on disc (CBMdisc),and Wanfang database with computers. Two independent reviewers selected the literatures by the inclusion and exclusion criteria,data extraction and cross-checking,and then conducted the analysis. Results A total of seven trails (228 patients,136 of them in a rTMS group and 92 in a control group)were included. Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs)were used for Meta-analysis (54 patients in the rTMS group,42 in the control group). The other three non-RCTs were only reviewed systematically. (1)Meta-analysis showed that the improvement of swallowing function score after rTMS was better than that of the control group (SMD=1. 73,95%CI 0. 45 to 3. 01;P=0. 008). (2)After high-frequency rTMS (>1 Hz),there was significant difference in the improvement of swallowing function score between the two groups (SMD=1. 60,95%CI 0. 10 to 3. 11;P=0. 04). Compared to the control group,there were also significant differences in the improvement of some swallowing function scores in low-frequency rTMS (1 Hz),suggesting the potential advantages of low-frequency therapy. (3)After rTMS,there was no significant difference in the improvement of Barthel index in patients with stroke compared with the control group (MD= -21. 60,95%CI-36. 21 to-7. 00;P=0. 004). (4)In terms of adverse reactions,seven trials did not report any adverse events, such as headache,tinnitus or epilepsy,etc. Conclusion Using rTMS may significantly promote the recovery of swallowing function for patients with post-stroke dysphagia,and it is both safe and effective.

13.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 306-309, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of acupuncture combined with tuina in treating patients with cervical vertigo. <br> Methods: According to the principle of randomization, 258 cases with cervical vertigo who met the inclusion criteria for the study were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 129 cases in each. The patients in the observation group received acupuncture combined with tuina therapy, while those in the control group were just treated by the same acupuncture therapy as in the observation group. After 10-day continuous treatments, the clinical efficacies of the two groups were analyzed and compared. <br> Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 100%, versus 86.0% of the control group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). After treatment, cervical range of motion (ROM) scores in both groups were statistically significantly different from those before treatment (allP<0.05); in addition, there was a statistically significant difference in inter-group comparison of ROM score (P<0.05). <br> Conclusion: Compared with simple acupuncture treatment, acupuncture combined with tuina therapy has a better effect in improving the ROM of cervical vertigo patients, with higher clinical efficacy.

14.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2732-2733, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of IL-17 in the serum and T cells of the patients with breast cancer and its correlation with breast cancer functional indicators.Methods The flow cytometry analysis was adopted to detect the percentage of peripheral blood CD3 + CD4 + IL-17 + T cells in breast cancer patients;the ELISA method was used to detect serum IL-17 content;the chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect CA153 and CA125 levels.The correlation between IL-17 with various indi-cators was analyzed.Results The percentage of CD3 + CD4 + IL-17 + T cell in peripheral blood of the breast cancer patients had sta-tistically significant difference compared with the healthy control group(P <0.05);serum IL-17 level had statistically significant difference compared with the healthy control group(P <0.05);serum IL-17 level was positively correlated with the percentage of CD3 + CD4 + IL-17 + T cells and the CA153 level;IL-17 level had no significant correlation with serum CA125 level.Conclusion The IL-17 expression level is associated with breast cancer.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1395-1401, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism by which exendin-4 promotes paracrine secretion of cytokines by adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vitro cultured SD rat ADSCs (fourth passage) with or without exendin-4 treatment underwent flow cytometry to characterize the surface markers. MTT assay was performed to assess the proliferation of the cells exposed to different concentrations (0-20 nm/L) of exendin-4, and the paracrine secretion of cytokines (bFGF, VEGF, HGF, and IGF-1) by the ADSCs was evaluated by qPCR. The changes in the expressions of p-Akt in the cells were analyzed by Western blotting and qPCR in response to exendin-4 (10 nm/L) with or without exposure to PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY-294002 (50 nm/L); bFGF, VEGF, HGF, and IGF-1 production in the cells were detected using ELISA kits.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment with exendin-4 for 12 h did not affect the surface marker profile of the ADSCs but promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.05). Exendin-4 significantly increased the mRNA expressions of VEGF, bFGF, HGF, and IGF-1 in a concentration-dependent manner, and 10 nm/L was the optimum concentration (P<0.05). Exendin-4 treatment resulted in significantly increased p-Akt expressions in the ADSCs, and PI3K/Akt inhibitor not only reversed such effects of exendin-4 on p-Akt but also diminished the exendin-4- mediated up-regulation of the paracrine cytokines.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Exendin-4 can concentration-dependently promote the proliferative and paracrine capacities of ADSCs partially through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway without affecting the surface marker profile of the cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Chromones , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Metabolism , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Metabolism , Morpholines , Peptides , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Up-Regulation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Venoms , Pharmacology
16.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 801-805, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430465

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs),and to explore any effect of EA in neurological rehabilitation and its mechanism.Methods Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was used to establish a model of cerebral infarction in 120 Wistar rats.They were then randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group,both of which were further subdivided into 1,3,7,14,21 and 28 day sub-groups with 10 in each sub-group.Bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu) was given at the 1st,2nd,6th,13th,20th and 27th day to detect any proliferation and differentiation of NSCs.After 7 days the motor function of the two groups was evaluated using a beam walking test.Rats were sacrificed at the different time points and Brdu labeled cells and nestin-positive cells were determined by immunohistochemistry.The level of basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) mRNA was determined by in-situ hybridization.The results were analyzed using a micro-image analysis system.Results The Brdu-labeled cell counts and nestin-positive cells were significantly different between the treatment and control groups at each time point.Motor function improved significantly in the treatment group with EA stimulation compared with the control group,but there was no significant difference between the 21 day and 28 day sub-groups in the treatment group.The expression levels of bFGF-2 mRNA were significantly different between the treatment and control groups at the early time points (up to the 14th day).Conclusions EA can promote proliferation of NSCs and increase the expression of FGF-2 mRNA,particularly early after cerebral infarction.It may be one of mechanisms of EA's effectiveness in treating ischemic stroke.

17.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 526-530, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429018

ABSTRACT

Objective To diagnose a rare variant Hb Shaare Zedek in a Chinese family,and describe its clinical feature.Methods Blood samples of seven members of three generation were collected.Standard blood routine analysis,hemoglobin electrophoresis and blood gas analysis were used for phenotype analysis.Gap-PCR and reverse dot blot analysis were used to detect common thalassemia mutations.DNA sequence analysis of the human α and β globin genes were used to identify the mutation site of these samples.Results The result of blood routine analysis was normal in the proband,but a abnormal hemoglobin band (22.4%,capillary assay) was found by hemoglobin electrophoresis.In the blood gas analysis,the partial pressure of oxygen and blood oxygen saturation were 72.0 mm Hg ( 1 mm Hg =0.133 kPa) and 93.0% in the proband.The heterozygous mutations in αl globin gene at codon 56 ( AAG > GAG)which leaded Glu substitution to Lys were identified in the proband.Other family members who carried the same mutation showed similar phenotype,with abnormal hemoglobin band ( 22.4% - 23.9%,capillary assay),low partial pressure of oxygen (59.0 - 72.0 mm Hg) and blood oxygen saturation (91.0% -93.0%).Conclusions The heterozygote of Hb Shaare Zedek leads to slight symptoms with abnormal hemoglobin band,decreased partial pressure of oxygen and blood oxygen saturation.Discovery of this mutation enriches the abnormal hemoglobin spetrum of Chinese people,and it is useful for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling of hemoglobinopathies.

18.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 182-188, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425239

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and angiographic outcomes of balloon dilation angioplasty,balloon-expandable stent implantation and self-expanding stent implantation in the treatment of intracranial arterial stenosis.Methods The patients with intracranial arterial stenosis who met the indications of surgical intervention treated with balloon dilatation angioplasty and stent placement were selected from Nanjing Stroke Registry Program.According to the different interventional procedures,the patients were divided into the balloon expandable stenting goup,the self-expanding stents group and the balloon dilatation angioplasty group.The success rate of surgery,the perioperative complication rate and the significant residual stenosis rate were compared among the three groups.The clinical and angiographic assessments were performed through 1-,3-,6-,12- and 24-month regular outpatient or inpatient follow-up after procedure.The incidences of ischemic stroke and/or death and restenosis within 2 years were compared.Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for recurrent ischemic stroke and/or death and restenosis.Results A total of 183 patients with 192 stenoses performed balloon dilatation angioplasty or stenting,in which 92 were in the balloon expandable stenting goup,42 were in the self-expanding stents goup and 49 in the balloon dilatation angioplasty group.Their preoperative stenosis rates were 80.2 ±12.8% 、76.3 ± 11.9% and 89.7 ± 10.2%,respectively (F =15.863,P =0.000).There were no significant differences in other baseline data.The success rates of surgery in the balloon expandable stenting group,self-expanding stents group and balloon dilatation angioplasty group were 96.7%,95.2% and 91.8%,respectively (x2 =1.646,P =0.439).The perioperative complication rates were 6.5%,14.3% and 10.2%,respectively (Fisher exact test,P=0.334).The imaging follow-up showed that the restenosis rate in the balloon dilatation angioplasty group was 48.5%.Although it was high than 27.7% in the balloon expandable stenting group and 34.8% in the self-expanding stents group,there were no significant differences (x2 =4.176,P =0.124).Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that balloon dilatation angioplasty was an independent risk factor for restenosis after procedure (hazard ratio 2.490,95% confidence interval 1.247- 4.969,P=0.010).Conclusions Compared to the balloon expandable stenting,the balloon dilatation angioplasty is more likely to have restenosis,but it is not associated with the risks of postoperative recurrent ischemic stroke and/or death.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 220-224, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423891

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of the lateralization of unilateral medial temporal lobe epilepsy(mTLE)by using arterial-spin-labeling(ASL)based perfusion MR imaging and investigate the changes of perfusion in the regions related to mTLE network and the relationship between the perfusion and the clinical status.Methods Twenty-five patients with left-sided and 23 with right-sided mTLE were enroiled,and 30 healthy volunteers were recruited.The cerebral blood flow(CBF)of related region was measured based on pulsed-ASL sequence on Siemens 3 T scanner.The CBF of the mTLE group were compared with that in the controls by using ANOVA analysis.The asymmetric indices of CBF in the medial temporal lobe were calculated as the lesion side compared with the normal side in matched region in mTLE group.Results Compared with the volunteers,the patients with mTLE showed the decrease of CBF in the bilateral medial and lateral temporal,the frontal and parietal regions relating to the default-mode network and more serious in lesion side.The CBF values of the medial temporal lobe were negatively correlated with the epilepsy duration(r =-0.51,P <0.01).The asymmetric index of CBF as-0.01 has a 76.0%(19/25)sensitivity and a 78.3%(18/23)specificity to distinguish the lesion side.Conclusions The decrease of CBF in the temporal and extra-temporal region by ASL-based MRI suggests the functional abnormalities in the network involved by mTLE.The ASL technique is a useful tool for lateralizing the unilateral mTLE.

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Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 703-707, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424297

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylation site' s mutation of mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) on intimal proliferation after balloon injury of carotid artery of rats. Method Rat model of carotid artery balloon injury was established and infected with Adv-LacZ, Adv-Mfn2, AdvMfn2-S442A or Adv-Mfn2-S442D from the peri-arterial sheathes of vessels, while phosphate buffered solution (PBS) used instead of above infectious adenovirus as uninfected group and sham operation as control group. The rats were sacrificed 14 days after balloon injury of carotid artery in order to measure the level of Mfn2 protein and the prol9iferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) with immunohistochemistry staining. The morphology of vessels was observed with HE staining. All data were statistically analyzed with ANOVA and Dunnett-t test. Results Fourteen days after surgery, the levels of Mfn2 protein significantly increased in arteries infected with Adv-Mfn2, Adv-Mfn2-S4442A and Adv-Mfn2-S442D compared with those in control group, sham operation group and Adv-LacZ infected group. The ratio of intimal area/medial area (I/M) and percentage of PCNA positive cells in both Adv-Mfn2 and Adv-Mfn2-S442A groups markedly decreased compared with control group (P <0. 01 ) . Compared with the Adv-Mfn2 group, the I/M and the percentage of PCNA positive cells reduced more significantly in Adv-S442A group (P < 0. 01 ) . However,the I/M and the percentage of PCNA positive cells in Adv-LacZ and Adv-S442D groups were not significantly different from those found in the control group. Conclusions The over-expression of Mfn2 gene may effectively inhibit intimal proliferation after balloon injury of carotid artery of rats. The inhibitory effects of Mfn2-S442A are more obvious than those of Mfn2. However, the Mfn2-S442D is out of the inhibitory effect on neo-intimal proliferation.

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