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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1099-1104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of posteromedial approach through anterior border of tibialis posterior tendon combined with posterolateral approach in open reduction and internal fixation of Klammer type II/III posterior pilon variant fracture.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted on 37 patients with posterior pilon variant fracture treated by posteromedial approach through anterior border of tibialis posterior tendon combined with posterolateral approach in Jiangsu Province People's Hospital and its Liyang branch between January 2015 and December 2019. There were 17 males and 20 females, aged 25-65 years[(49.5±9.3)years]. Klammer classification was type II in 20 patients and type III in 17 patients. The quality of fracture reduction, incision healing and postoperative complications were observed. The loss of fracture reduction or implant failure was detected during the follow-up. The fracture union time was recorded. At the final follow-up, the residual pain was assessed by the visual analogue scale(VAS)and the ankle function by the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS)ankle-hindfoot score.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-20 months[(15.6±1.2)months]. An anatomic fracture reduction was observed in all patients, showing the incision healing by first intention. No skin necrosis, posteromedial neurovascular bundle injury, deep venous thrombosis, checkrein deformity or other complications occurred. During the follow-up, there was no reduction loss or implant failure. The fracture healing time ranged from 11 to 16 weeks[(13.2±1.4)weeks]. At the final follow-up, the VAS was decreased from 6-9 points[(8.0±0.8)points]preoperatively to 0-2 points[(1.2±0.6)points]( P<0.01). At the final follow-up, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score ranged from 80 to 100 points[(89.7±4.6)points], which showed excellent results in 15 patients and good in 22 patients, with the excellence rate of 100%. Conclusion:The posteromedial approach through anterior border of tibialis posterior tendon combined with posterolateral approach in open reduction and internal fixation of Klammer type II/III posterior pilon variant fracture can achieve good fracture reduction, with low incidence of complications, pain relief and satisfactory ankle function recovery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the feasibility of using online and offline combined multidisciplinary team (MDT) diagnosis-treatment mode in cancers diagnosis and treatment by comparing the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans formulated by online and offline MDT diagnosis-treatment mode.Methods:A total of 168 esophageal cancer patients collected from March 17, 2020 to May 17, 2020 were took as the research objects in Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, through whom the consistency of the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans formulated by online and offline MDT diagnosis-treatment mode was evaluated. The clinical characteristics of patients with changed comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans, such as age, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score, whether combined with basic diseases, whether received anti-tumor treatment before and tumor location were analyzed, so as to explore the mechanism to improve the efficiency on the basis of quality assurance.Results:The results showed that 86.3% (145/168) of the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans obtained by offline MDT diagnosis-treatment mode were consistent with online diagnosis-treatment MDT mode. Cases with inconsistent comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans were characterized by elderly (> 69 years) ( χ2=4.250, P=0.039), KPS score≥80 ( χ2=15.520, P<0.001) and combined with underlying disease ( χ2=7.135, P=0.008). Through further analysis, the changed cases were also characterized as with inadequate auxiliary examination or complex in imaging. Conclusion:The online and offline combined MDT diagnosis-treatment mode is feasible. For the patients characterized of elderly (> 69 years old), KPS score ≥80, combined with underlying diseases, with incomplete auxiliary examination or complex in imaging, the offline MDT diagnosis-treatment mode should be adopted or supplemented.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of leptin on pyroptosis in hippocampal cells during brain injury in a rat model of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).Methods:Fifty-four clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 12 weeks, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups( n=18 each)by a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), OLT-induced brain injury group (Liver group) and leptin group (Lep group). The model of OLT was established according to the " two-cuff" technique in anesthetized rats in Liver and Lep groups.The perihepatic ligament was only isolated and freed in S group.Leptin 1 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after portal vein occlusion in Lep group.The equal volume of normal saline was intraperitoneally injected at the same time point in S group and Liver group.Twelve rats in each group were selected on day 3 after surgery and sacrificed, and the hippocampal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope) and for determination of the expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-18 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD (by Western blot). Morris water maze test was performed in the remaining 6 rats in each group on day 30 after surgery. Results:Compared with S group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was shortened, and the escape latency was prolonged in Liver and Lep groups ( P<0.05). Compared with Liver group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was prolonged, and the escape latency was shortened in Lep group ( P<0.05). The pathological changes of hippocampal tissues were significantly attenuated in Liver group when compared with Lep group. Conclusion:The mechanism by which leptin reduces brain injury is related to inhibiting pyroptosis in hippocampal cells in a rat model of OLT.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707419

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of magnified pedicle subtraction osteotomy (mPSO) via the posterior approach combined with biomimetic bone graft fusion and internal fixation for the treatment of thoracolumbar Kummell's disease and kyphosis.Methods A total of 11 patients with thoracolumbar Kummell's disease and kyphosis deformity were treated at our department from March 2012 to June 2016.They all underwent mPSO via the posterior approach combined with biomimetic bone graft fusion and internal fixation.They were 3 men and 8 women with an average age of 61.2 years.The clinical effects were evaluated according to visual analogue scale (VAS),Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring,American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading,cobb angle correction and rate of bone graft fusion at preoperation and 2 weeks,1,3,6 and 12 months after operation.Results All the patients were followed up for an average of 11.4 months (from 10 to 13 months).The VAS scores (2.1 ±0.5 points and 1.1 ±0.2 points),JOA scores (23.6 ±3.8 points and 25.5 ±3.2 points) and cobb angles (8.1°± 1.5° and 13.8°±2.1°) at 2 weeks after operation and final follow-ups were significantly improved from their preoperative values (8.1 ± 0.6 points,12.1 ± 3.6 points and 51.3° ± 9.8°,respectively) (P < 0.05).However,there were no significant differences between 2 weeks after operation and the final follow-up in terms of the above values (P > 0.05).The ASIA grading was improved from preoperative grade C to postoperative grade D in one case,and from preoperative grade D to postoperative grade E in 3 cases.At final follow-ups,bony fusion was observed at all the bone graft sites,with a fusion rate of 100%.Conclusion mPSO via the posterior approach combined with biomimetic bone graft fusion and internal fixation is a good treatment for patients with thoracolumbar Kummell's disease and kyphosis deformity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of 3D print technique in the reconstruction of the defects and malformations of oral and maxillofacial bone.Methods:6 cases with defects and malformations of oral and maxillofacial bone were examined by CT scanning,treated by the implantation of 3D printed implants.Results:Before operation,3D printed model clearly showed the status of the defects and malformations for the precious preoperative implant shaping.The implants for the reconstruction were prepared by 3D print techinique.Perfect reconstruction of the defects was achieved.Conclusion:3 D printing technology exerts promising values in the precious and effective reconstruction of the defects and malformations of maxillofacial bones.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671247

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus on cytochrome P450 enzyme of liver microsomes in rats.Cocktail probe substrates were incubated with liver microsomes in vitro.Metabolic elimination percentages of the six probe substrates,including dapsone,dextromethorphan hydrobromide,coumarin,phenacetin,chlorzoxazone and tolbutamide,were determined by HPLC.The effects of tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus on the enzymatic activity of rat liver microsomal P450s was evaluated.It was found that tannins extracted from Phyllanthi Fructus did not impact P450 enzymes.The IC50 values of CYP3A4 and CYP1A2 were over 200 μg·mL-1,while the IC50 value of CYP2C9 was superior to 500 tg·mL-1.In conclusion,Tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus did not significantly affect cytochrome P450 enzymes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486283

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method for the content determination of protodioscin and diosgenin in Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma from different habitats.Methods The chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5μm) with mobile phase of acetonitrile-water solution with gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.8 mL/min; the detection wavelength was 208 nm; the column temperature was 30℃; the injection volume was 20μL.Results Protodioscin showed a good linear relationship among the range of 1.73–8.64 μg (r=0.999 6), with the average recovery of 101.98% (RSD=1.53%); Diosgenin showed a good linear relationship among the range of 1.03–8.20μg (r=0.999 1), with the average recovery of 101.60% (RSD=2.41%). The contents of protodioscin and diosgenin in Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma from 10 different habitats were in the range of 0.89%–2.24% and 0.75%–3.22%, respectively.Conclusion The method is simple, accurate and with repeatability, which can be used as quality control method of Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine pre-treatment on pneumonocyte apoptosis and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in acute lung injury (ALI) induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) during orthotopic liver transplantation in rats.Methods Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups by random number table method: sham operation group, I/R model group, dexmedetomidine low dose group and dexmedetomidine high dose group, 10 rats per group. Hepatic artery was ligated and cut off by two cuff method, and the portal vein was completely opened after donor liver transplanted into the recipient, thus, a hepatic I/R model was established. The perihepatic ligaments of rats were just separated after laparotomy in sham operation group and no other special treatment was performed. One hour prior to I/R, dexmedetomidine at a dose of 2.5μg·kg-1·h-1 and 5.0μg·kg-1·h-1, respectively, were pumped intravenously and finished within 1 hour in the rats of low dose group and high dose group. After experiment, the lung tissue was taken, and the lung wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio was determined. Pathological changes of lung tissue were observed and alveolar damage index of quantitative assessment (IQA) was tested by light microscope, and changes of ultrastructure of lung tissue were observed by transmission electron microscope. The mRNA and protein expressions of CHOP were detected respectively by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western Blot. The apoptosis in lung tissue was determined by terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) method and apoptosis index (AI) was calculated.Results Compared to sham operation group, the lung W/D ratio (4.94±0.84 vs. 2.29±0.54), IQA [(40.52±5.15)% vs. (4.55±1.85)%] and AI [(36.57±5.85)% vs. (2.85±0.95)%] in I/R model group were significantly higher (allP < 0.01); remarkable injury of lung tissue was confirmed by light microscope and transmission electron microscope in the I/R model group. Compared to I/R model group, the W/D ratio (3.29±0.85, 2.68±0.78 vs. 4.94±0.84), IQA [(23.69±2.62)%, (15.86±3.61)% vs. (40.52±5.15)%] and AI [(25.73±3.71)%, (14.66±2.61)% vs. (36.57±5.85)%] in dexmedetomidine low and high dose groups were markedly lower (allP < 0.01); under light and transmission electron microscopes, the injury of lung tissue in these two dose groups was notably alleviated. There was a large amount of apoptotic cells of pulmonary vascular endothelium and alveolar epithelium in I/R model group, while the cell apoptosis was distinctly decreased in dexmedetomidine low and high dose groups compared to that in model group. Compared to sham operation group, the expressions of CHOP mRNA [absorbance (A) value: 0.96±0.18 vs. 0.43±0.08] and protein (gray scale: 2.79±0.74 vs. 1.02±0.27) were significantly higher in I/R model group (bothP < 0.01). Compared to I/R model group, the expressions of CHOP mRNA (A value: 0.69±0.13, 0.56±0.12 vs. 0.96±0.18) and protein (gray scale: 1.96±0.58, 1.34±0.49 vs. 2.79±0.74) were significantly lower in dexmedetomidine low and high dose groups, the decrease in dexmedetomidine high dose group being more marked (allP < 0.01).Conclusion The pretreatment of dexmedetomidine can protect lung tissue against I/R injury during liver transplantation in rats, and the mechanism may be related to the suppression of CHOP activation and alleviation of lung tissue cell apoptosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467780

ABSTRACT

Objective To demonstrate the clinical significance of endoscopic mucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of digestive tract diseases.Methods A total of 112 patients with ESD treatment were selected.Preoperative localization endoscopy gastrointestinal ultrasound showed the lesion had not yet invaded muscular layer by ESD.Results Ninety-six cases had complete stripping and removal of lesions,postoperative pathology showed basal and margin had no lesions and membrane was intact integrity,complete resection rate was 85.7%(96/112).Surgery did not appear to uncontrollable bleeding without titanium clip,also not be clipped digestive tract perforation,abdominal infection,subcutaneous emphysema etc.There was no uncontrollable bleeding,digestive tract perforation that couldn't be clipped by titanium clip,abdominal infection,subcutaneous emphysema etc in surgery.For 1 year in 12 patients with early stage cancer of postoperative follow-up,no residual and recurrence.Conclusion ESD is a safe,effective,less painful,can be a one-time operation lesions complete resection for gastrointestinal lesions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 167-172, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424575

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the anatomical and radiographic characteristics of acetabular fossa,and evaluate their value as a reference for achieving the anticipated inclination of the acetabular cup.Methods Sixteen adult normal pelvic specimens were studied.Central axis of acetabular fossa and its intersection with fossa edge and acetabular rim were marked.The radiographic appearance of the two intersections was evaluated.With radiographic templating,the relationship between the top of acetabular fossa and the central axis of acetabular cup at anticipated inclination was identified.Implantation of cementless acetabular cup was performed bilaterally on the pelvic specimens.The acetabular fossa was used as a reference for implantation on one side,and the acetabular positioning device was used on the other side.The discrepancy of acetabular inclination was recorded before and after operation in the two groups.Results Intersection of central axis of acetabular fossa with fossa top edge and acetabular rim corresponded to the most medial and lateral aspect of acetabular sourcil respectively on standard anteroposterior pelvic radiograph.There was close correlation between most medial aspect of acetabular sourcil and central axis of the acetabular cup at anticipated inclination of 40°±5°.For the group of using acetabular fossa as reference,the mean difference of inclination was 0.19°±3.14°(-6°-5°)before and after operation,and the discrepancy was 2.75°±2.89°(-2°-8°)for the control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant(t=-2.453,P=0.027).Conclusion In primary total hip replacement,if normal anatomy of acetabulum was found,the anticipated inclination of acetabular cup can be accurately obtained,based on the relationship between the top of acetabular fossa and anticipated inclination of acetabular cup on preoperative templating.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatic oval cells (HOCs) possess the potential of self-renewal, replication, and clone, proliferation and differentiation into mature hepatocytes under a certain condition. HOCs can be used as biomaterial for constructing biological artificial liver in vitro, employed for in vivo transplantation, as well as for tissue engineering as seed cells. HOCs can be widely used for improving clinical treatment of liver diseases. OBJECTIVE: To establish adult Wistar rat models of HOC proliferation, to perform/n vitro isolation and culture of HOCs, and to study the possibility of induction and differentiation of HOCs into hepatucytes. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Institute of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. MATERIALS: Experiments were performed at the Laboratory of Institute of Gastroenterology of Nanfang Hospital from December 2003 to February 2006. Thirty-six healthy male Wistar rats aged 3-4 months (150-200 g) were provided by Experimental Animal Center of Southern Medical University. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were orally fed with ethionine received two-thirds partial hepatectomy (2/3 PH). HOCs were harvested and purified by two-steps perfusion and Percoll density gradient centrifugation, and then cultured in vitro and induced with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), oncostatin M (OSM) and fibroblast growth factor-4 (FGF4). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Identification and differentiation of HOCs. RESULTS: The concentration of HOCs was about 1.34×108 L-1 in each rat model after in vitro isolation. These cells were round, oval or polygon, about 1/6 1/3 the size of normal hepatocytes. The nucleus-cytoplasm ratio was relatively large. After 2 weeks, clone-like proliferation of HOCs could be observed. Laser scanning confocal microscopy indicated positive expression of stem cells markers Thy-1 and C-kit in cytoplasm and membrane of HOCs. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated positive stem cells marker alpha fetoprotein (AFP) in cytoplasm of HOCs. HOCs can stably passage and its shape gradually changed after inducing with HGF, OSM and FGF4. HOC volume became larger and HOCs lost their ability of sticking to the wall of culture flask. Apparent positive stain of cytoplasm albumin (Alb) was detected 14 days after induction, and the positive ratio increased along with the extension of inducing duration. Results of cytochemistry indicated a brown or black deposit after glucose-6-phosphotase (G-6-P) staining and red particles after periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. CONCLUSION: Adult Wistar rat models of HOC proliferation are replicated by ethionine feeding combined with 2/3 PH. HOCs can be obtained through collagenase perfusion and Percoll density gradient centrifugation. Rat HOCs can be passaged and cultured in vitro. Under a certain condition, HOCs can be induced and differentiated into hepatocytes.

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