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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 81-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the clinical efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in treatment of IgA nephropathy (IgAN).Methods:The data of IgAN patients who were diagnosed by renal biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University from May 2016 to August 2020 and had been treated with HCQ for more than 6 months without other immunosuppressants were retrospectively analyzed. The efficacy and side effects were compared between groups according to the baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) or whether combined with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor (RAASi).Results:A total of 121 patients were enrolled, including 45 males (37.19%). At baseline, the median UPCR was 0.69(0.45, 1.00) g/g; the median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 93.46(73.14, 115.67) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1; the median serum creatinine was 80.00(61.00, 98.00) μmol/L, and the serum albumin was (44.39±3.36) g/L. After HCQ treatment, UPCR and red blood cells were significantly decreased compared with baseline (all P<0.05). Triglyceride, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were also significantly decreased during the follow-up period. Serum creatinine, eGFR, serum albumin and serum uric acid remained stable. After 6 months of follow-up, the total remission rate was 56.88%, including 15.60% of partial remission and 41.28% of complete remission; at the end of follow-up, the median follow-up time was 280.00(214.00, 411.00) days and the total remission rate was 56.20%, including 9.92% of partial remission and 46.28% of complete remission. Group analysis showed that the remission rate was 60.53% ( n=76) and 48.48% ( n=33) at 6 months (Mann-Whitney U test, Z=-2.331, P=0.020) and 57.65% ( n=85) and 52.78% ( n=36) at the end of follow-up (Mann-Whitney U test, Z=-1.673, P=0.094) between patients with baseline UPCR<1 g/g and patients with baseline UPCR≥1 g/g; and the remission rate was 66.67% ( n=30) and 53.16% ( n=79) at 6 months (Mann-Whitney U test, Z=1.062, P=0.288) and 61.29% ( n=31) and 54.44% ( n=90) at the end of follow-up (Mann-Whitney U test, Z=0.930, P=0.352) between patients with single HCQ and patients with HCQ+RAASi. For side effects, the eGFR of 2 patients decreased by more than 30% compared with baseline, 1 patient relapsed and 1 patient developed blurred vision. Conclusions:HCQ is safe and effective for the treatment of IgAN.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 967-973, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of individualized rituximab rescue therapy for active lupus nephritis with acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:The clinical data of lupus nephritis patients with AKI treated with rituximab at the Kidney Disease Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from April 2017 to June 2020 were collected, and the renal remission rate and adverse events after rituximab treatment were analyzed retrospectively. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative incidence of patients' remission.Results:There were 13 patients enrolled, including 8 females, and aged (35.23±15.92) years old. The urinary protein/creatinine ratio was (5.22±1.57) g/g before rituximab treatment. Four patients were on dialysis at admission, and 9 patients without dialysis had serum creatinine of (223.22±85.73) μmol/L. Eight patients were confirmed as proliferative lupus nephritis by renal biopsies, including 7 cases with crescent formation and 1 case with thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), and the other 5 cases without renal biopsies were clinically diagnosed as TMA. The dose of rituximab was (815±516) mg (200-2 100 mg), and all the patients reached the state of peripheral blood B cells clearance (CD19 + B cell count was<5/μl). After the first treatment of rituximab, the median time to B-cell clearance was 21(15, 35) days, and 8 patients reached B-cell depletion (CD19 + B cell count was 0). The remission rate was 12/13 (two cases reached complete remission, and 10 cases reached partial remission). Three cases stopped dialysis, and 1 case (with glomerulosclerosis of 52.94%) entered maintaining dialysis. The relapse times in the maintenance remission period of 7 patients with refractory lupus nephritis declined significantly from (1.57±0.53) times in a median history of 60(20, 109) months to (0.43±0.79) times in a median history of 18(10, 23) months after the use of rituximab ( P=0.015). After using rituximab, the incidence of infection was 7/13. The median time from the use of rituximab to infection was 26(4, 44) days. Pulmonary infection (5/13) was the most common type and all infected patients recovered after anti-infection treatment. Conclusions:Rituximab can be used in the treatment of active lupus nephritis with AKI, especially in patients with crescent formation and TMA, but the infection should be paid close attention to and prevented.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 157-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of fibula flap in the repair of large segment of composite tissue defect in upper limb.Methods:From April, 2015 to June, 2019, 7 patients with large composite tissue defects in upper limbs were treated. All of them with various skin, vessel, nerve, tendon and other tissue defects. Repairing was well planned before surgery according to the type, location and size of defect. While in repairing of the bone and skin defect, fibula flap was taken from the shank and to repair the defects of nerve, tendon and vessels in upper limb. Regular followed-ups were made after surgery.Results:The 7 fibula flaps all survived. Postoperative follow-up ranged between 8 to 36 (averaged of 15) months. All the reconstructed limbs were in satisfactory appearance and function recovery. All the patients were able to manage their daily activities and live independently. The shape and function of donor sites were good. According to the Enneking system, the outcomes were graded as excellent in 4 cases and good in 3, with the average score was 25.9 points.Conclusion:Free grafting of vascularised fibula flap is especially feasible to be used in the repair of large bone tissue defect of upper limb. It repairs the defects of skin, vessel, nerve and tendon with the flap from a single donor site.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 450-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce an improved method for reconstruction of thumb by transplanting partial second toe combined with hallucis flap.Methods:Since April, 2015 to December, 2019, 12 thumbs were reconstructed by transplanting partial second toe combined with hallucis flap. The average age of the patients was 28.5 years old. The severity of thumb defect was grade III-V. The compound tissue flap of common vascular pedicle was obtained from the hallux and the partial second toe of the contralateral foot, according to the condition of the defect of thumb. The hallucis flap was rotated transversely and connected with the partial second toe. Make up the characteristics and defects for the reconstructed thumb. The remaining skin and soft tissue of the second toe and the donor area were tiled to cover the wound. The patients were followed-up regularly.Results:All of the 12 transplantations completely survived. Postoperative follow-up period ranged from 6 to 26 months, 14 months in average. Appearances of all reconstructed thumbs and the donor toes was satisfactory. According to the Functional Assessment Criteria of the Upper Limb set by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the outcomes were graded excellent in 9 cases and good in 3 cases. All patients were able manage daily activities and living independently. Shape and function of donor foot were good.Conclusion:Part of the second toe combined with the hallucis flap transfer for thumb reconstruction may effectively improve the appearance of the reconstructed thumb. The reconstructed thumb is symmetrical, good in shape and satisfactory in function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of laparoscopic and surgical catheterization on catheter-related complications and microinflammation in uremic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:According to different catheterization methods, 98 uremic patients who were scheduled to undergo peritoneal dialysis in the First People's Hospital of Jiande from January 2014 to March 2019 were divided into group A (38 cases), group B (60 cases). Laparoscopic catheterization was used in group A, and incision catheterization was used in group B. Surgical parameters, catheter complications, microinflammation and survival rate of early catheterization were observed in the two groups.Results:The operation time of group A was (35.00±3.14)min, which was shorter than that of group B [(50.00±5.17)min], and the operation cost of group A was (5 800.0±318.9)CNY, which was higher than that of group B [(3 400.0±297.4)CNY], and the visual analogue score (VAS) of group A was (2.33±0.31)points, which was lower than that of group B [(3.25±0.49)points], there were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t=11.540, 9.317, 10.328, 36.578, all P<0.05). The incidence of catheter-related complications in group A was 10.53%(4/38), which was significantly lower than 28.33%(17/60) in group B (χ 2=4.383, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels between group A and group B before catheterization (all P>0.05). After catheterization, the levels of hs-CRP, IL-6 and TNF-alpha in group B were (12.52±3.75)mg/L, (12.02±3.76)ng/L, (15.92±5.72)ng/L, respectively, which were higher than those in group A [(9.63±2.36)mg/L, (9.11±3.54)ng/L, (13.41±5.61)ng/L] ( t=4.244, 4.081, 4.510, all P<0.05). After 2 months of follow-up, the survival rate of dialysis tube technique was 89.47%(34/38) in group A and 71.67%(43/60) in group B, there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ 2=4.382, P<0.05). Conclusion:Application of laparoscopic catheterization in uremic PD patients has satisfactory effect, light pain, fewer complications, mild inflammation and high survival rate of early catheterization technology, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 524-527, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824853

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the method for reconstruction of thumb defect by transplanting free flap of second toe combined with the hallucis flap. Methods From June, 2012 to February, 2017, a total of 9 cases of thumb defect were treated. The average age of these 9 patients was 26 years. The plane of thumb defect was class II area A to class III area A. According to the condition of thumb defect, designed the incision on the hallux and the second toe of the contralateral foot, and cut the 2nd digit and big-toe nail flap with a common arterial trunk. The nail of hallucis flap was rotated 90 degree and connected to the distal end of the 2nd toe. The hallucis flap covered the narrow neck of the 2nd toe. Thus, the circumference of the reconstructed finger and the length of the toenail were in鄄creased. Regular followed-up was made after operation. Results All 9 transplantation flaps survived, and donor sites healed primarily. Postoperative followed-up period ranged from 4 to 12 (averge,7) months. All the reconstructed thumbs survived and donor toes were in satisfactory appearances. According to the Functional Assessment Criteria of the Upper Limb Formulated by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the outcomes were graded as excellent in 6 cases and good in 3 cases. All the patients were able to manage their daily activities independently. Donor toe injury was small, and their shape and function was good. Conclusion Free flap of second toe combined with hallucis can effectively improve the appearance of the reconstructed thumb. The appearance of the reconstructed thumb is symmetrical, beautiful, and the function is good.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 524-527, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805421

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To introduce the method for reconstruction of thumb defect by transplanting free flap of second toe combined with the hallucis flap.@*Methods@#From June, 2012 to February, 2017, a total of 9 cases of thumb defect were treated. The average age of these 9 patients was 26 years. The plane of thumb defect was class II area A to class III area A. According to the condition of thumb defect, designed the incision on the hallux and the second toe of the contralateral foot, and cut the 2nd digit and big-toe nail flap with a common arterial trunk. The nail of hallucis flap was rotated 90 degree and connected to the distal end of the 2nd toe. The hallucis flap covered the narrow neck of the 2nd toe. Thus, the circumference of the reconstructed finger and the length of the toenail were increased. Regular followed-up was made after operation.@*Results@#All 9 transplantation flaps survived, and donor sites healed primarily. Postoperative followed-up period ranged from 4 to 12 (averge,7) months. All the reconstructed thumbs survived and donor toes were in satisfactory appearances. According to the Functional Assessment Criteria of the Upper Limb Formulated by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the outcomes were graded as excellent in 6 cases and good in 3 cases. All the patients were able to manage their daily activities independently. Donor toe injury was small, and their shape and function was good.@*Conclusion@#Free flap of second toe combined with hallucis can effectively improve the appearance of the reconstructed thumb. The appearance of the reconstructed thumb is symmetrical, beautiful, and the function is good.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754576

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a multi-dimensional nursing post performance management system based on hospital development as the objective and workload account as the foundation. Methods A total of 1 321 nursing staff in the nursing post of Changzhou Second People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University was selected as the study object, to observe the effect of the nursing performance appraisal team formally established in our hospital since November 2015 on nursing performane, the nursing department, the management office, etc departments jointly developed the nursing performance allocation principle, program and allocation method, the hospital resource planning (HRP) system, hospital information system (HIS) and self-made questionnaire were used to collect data, and the changes of various indexes before implementation of performance reform (from December 2014 to November 2015) and after implementation of performance reform (from December 2015 to November 2016) were compared and analyzed; the indexes were as follows: average monthly business income, average monthly nursing income, annual clinical non-receivable consumables expenditure, nursing human resources flexible allocation rate, nurses' degree of satisfaction with performance (remuneration and paying score, performance assessment system score) and qualified rate of nursing care quality. Results After the implementation of performance reform, average monthly business income, the average monthly nursing income, nursing human resources flexible allocation rate, compensation, paying scores and performance appraisal system scores were significantly higher than those before the implementation of performance reform [average monthly business income (ten thousand yuan): 13 653.24±1 309.49 vs. 11 869.26±991.16, average monthly nursing income (ten thousand yuan): 264.2 (252.1, 269.7) vs. 88.5 (80.8, 95.2), the ratio of nursing human resources flexible allocation rate: (1.74±0.52)% vs. (0.43±0.23)%, compensation and payment score: 4.76 (4.62, 4.85) vs. 3.47 (3.12, 3.60), performance appraisal system score: 4.88 (4.78, 4.95) vs. 2.80 (2.70, 3.14)], the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05), the annual clinical non-receivable consumables expenditure was decreased significantly compared with those before implementation performance reform (million yuan: 1.88±0.21 vs. 2.62±0.14, P < 0.05), and the qualified rate of nursing quality after performance appraisal were significantly improved compared with those before performance appraisal [nursing grading: (97.83±1.90)% vs. (91.11±1.61)%, ward management: (96.64±2.90)% vs. (90.06±2.40)%, nursing writing: (97.30±2.51)% vs. (91.33±1.96)%, nursing safety: (97.40±2.67)% vs. (90.13±1.96)%, first aid items: (97.44±2.64)% vs. (92.27±2.56)%, perioperative period: (96.86±2.50)% vs. (90.83±3.06)%, blood transfusion quality: (97.51±2.21)% vs. (92.13±2.37)%, disinfection and isolation: (97.43±2.70) % vs. (88.50±2.57)%, basic operation: (93.48±2.22)% vs. (87.51±2.03)%, practical ability: (93.38±1.97)% vs. (85.85±2.58)%, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion The establishment and application of the new performance management system mobilizes the enthusiasm of the department to actively control costs and decrease the expenditure of non-chargeable consumables, the nursing management staff can more flexibly arrange human resources and exert the management potential of middle-level cadres, and the nurses' degree of satisfaction and the nursing quality are significantly higher than those before nursing performance reform.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1545-1548, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660297

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT and MRI characteristics of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipomas (H EA)in order to improve recognition and diagnostic accuracy of the disease.Methods The CT and MR imaging data of 8 patients with HEA proved by pathology were analyzed retrospectively.Among these patients,4 cases underwent plain and enhanced CT scans,2 plain and enhanced MRI scans and 2 both CT and MRI scans.Results In the 8 cases,7 were female.All lesions were solitary and well-defined,with maximum diameters ranging from 42 mm to 68 mm.6 leions on plain CT displayed slightly low density,of which 1 showed fat density and other 2 showed patchy cystic areas.MRI showed 4 masses with slight hypointensity on T1 WI,slight hyperintensity or hyperintensity on T2 WI,of which one demonstrated decreased signal on out-phase of T1 WI.On enhanced MR images,7 masses were significantly inhomogeneous in arterial phase,5 showed "fast wash-in and slow wash-out",2 "fast wash-in and wash-out"and 1 "slow wash-in and wash-out".6 showed"central vascular sign"in arterial phase and 2 displayed incomplete pseudocapsule in the portal venous and delayed phases.Conclusion Inhomogeneous enhancement in arterial phase,central vascular sign,fast wash-in and slow wash-out enhancement and no pseudocapsule are imaging features of HEA,which can help to improve the diagnostic accuracy.Its diagnosis still depends on histopathology and immunohistochemistry.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1545-1548, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657836

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT and MRI characteristics of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipomas (H EA)in order to improve recognition and diagnostic accuracy of the disease.Methods The CT and MR imaging data of 8 patients with HEA proved by pathology were analyzed retrospectively.Among these patients,4 cases underwent plain and enhanced CT scans,2 plain and enhanced MRI scans and 2 both CT and MRI scans.Results In the 8 cases,7 were female.All lesions were solitary and well-defined,with maximum diameters ranging from 42 mm to 68 mm.6 leions on plain CT displayed slightly low density,of which 1 showed fat density and other 2 showed patchy cystic areas.MRI showed 4 masses with slight hypointensity on T1 WI,slight hyperintensity or hyperintensity on T2 WI,of which one demonstrated decreased signal on out-phase of T1 WI.On enhanced MR images,7 masses were significantly inhomogeneous in arterial phase,5 showed "fast wash-in and slow wash-out",2 "fast wash-in and wash-out"and 1 "slow wash-in and wash-out".6 showed"central vascular sign"in arterial phase and 2 displayed incomplete pseudocapsule in the portal venous and delayed phases.Conclusion Inhomogeneous enhancement in arterial phase,central vascular sign,fast wash-in and slow wash-out enhancement and no pseudocapsule are imaging features of HEA,which can help to improve the diagnostic accuracy.Its diagnosis still depends on histopathology and immunohistochemistry.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613939

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the pathogenesis of the statin-induced rhabdomyolysis in renal transplant recipients.Methods We presented two renal transplant recipients who developed rhabdomyolysis in 2012 in our hospital.The clinical presentation,laboratory results,diagnosis and treatment of the two patients were analyzed retrospectively.The basic immunosuppressive agent of two patients was cyclosporine A.The recipients developed rhabdomyolysis following simvastatin lipidlowering therapy,and one patient suffered acute renal failure simultaneously.Acute tubular injury was confirmed by renal biopsy.Finally,the symptoms of the two patients were relieved completely,creatine kinase (CK) returned to normal after the satins discontinued and saline,sodium bicarbonate and diuretics were given.The renal failure patient underwent plasma exchange and CRRT,and the renal function returned to normal.Results The level of cyclosporine A should be monitored when the renal transplant patient was given statins,especially whose basic immunosuppressive agent was cyclosporine A.At the same time we should pay more attention to the symptoms of the myotoxic side effects and avoid using the drug which was also metabolized by CYP3A4.Conclusion Physicians should be aware of the potential risks of combined therapy of statins which are metabolized by P450CYP3A4 and cyclosporine A in transplant patients.If using it is advisable to begin with small dosage and monitor the CK level.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 905-907,908, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605578

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of lipopolysaccharide binding protein(LBP) in serum and ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis and its clinical significance. Methods Ninety?six cases of liver cir?rhosis patients who were treated in the NO. 202 Hospital of People's Liberation Army from January 2013 to De?cember 2015 were selected as research subjects,and were divided into liver cirrhosis with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis(SBP) of 27 patients as SBP group,69 cases of patients with liver cirrhosis as non?SBP group accord?ing to the clinical diagnosis. The level of LBP in serum and ascites,routine blood test and liver function indica?tors of two groups were detected and comparative analyzed. Receiver operating curve( ROC) was drawn to select LBP diagnosis best critical value of SBP. Results The level of LBP in serum and ascites of SBP group were significantly higher than that of non?SBP group((43. 2±10. 6) μg/L vs. (19. 5±7. 5) μg/L,(280. 6±73. 9)μg/L vs. (127. 4±42. 0) μg/L),and the difference was statistically significant(t=12. 324,7. 892;P<0. 05) . ROC curve showed that the diagnosis of SBP sensitivity was 82. 30%,the specificity was 78. 36%,the area un?der ROC curve AUC value was 0. 821 when Cut?off value of LBP in ascites was 23. 5 g/L;the diagnosis of SBP sensitivity was 85. 59%,the specificity was 81. 24%,the area under ROC curve AUC value was 0. 856 when Cut?off value of LBP in serum was 152. 1μg/L. Conclusion LBP levels in serum and ascites in cirrhotic patients for the differential diagnosis of SBP has some clinical value.

13.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 169-173, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the optimal b value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)in predicting the grade of cerebral gliomas.Methods 38 patients with pathologically-proved brain gliomas (24 high-grade gliomas and 14 low-grade ones)were studied retrospectively.All patients received conventional MRI and DWI examination with three different b values (1 000 s/mm2 ,2 000 s/mm2 and 3 000 s /mm2 ).The signal features of the tumor on DWI with three different b values were evaluated and compared.The minimum ADC values of the tumors were calculated and compared between each other.Through drawing the ROC curve of different b values, the best diagnostic threshold was found.The sensitivity and specificity in predicting the grade of brain gliomas were assessed using Chi-square test.Results On DWI with b value of 3 000 s/mm2 ,91.6% (22/24)of high-grade tumors showed hyper-intensity, while 85.7%(12/14)of low-grade tumors presented hypo-intensity signals.Regarding hyper-intensity signals as diagnostic criterion for high-grade tumors,the sensitivity and specificity were 91.6% and 100% respectively.When the b value was similar,the minimum ADC value of high-grade glioma was significantly lower than that of low-grade glioma,and statistically significant differences in differentiating high-grade glioma from low-grade glioma existed among three b values (P <0.05).When the ADC 3 000 value<0.74×10 -3 mm2/s was regarded as a standard for the identification of high-grade and low-grade glioma,the sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 87.3%respectively.Conclusion DWI with high b value is more useful than standard moderate b value in preoperative grading the gliomas.When DWI with b value of 3 000 s/mm2 is used,the minimum ADC value will provide quantitative indicators in preoperatively precisely predicting grading glioma.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494388

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety and feasibility of guiding catheter passing through spasmodic vessels in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via radial artery access by the aid of PCI guiding wire and balloon .Methods The clinical data of 33 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing PCI via radial artery access with radial artery or (and) brachial artery spasm ( group A ) were retrospectively analyzed .Among all these patients , guiding catheters were delivered through the spasmodic vessels successfully by the aid of PCI guiding wires and balloons .The clinical data of other 38 CAD patients having PCI during the same period performed by other operators via radial artery or ( and ) brachial artery approach and experienced vessel spasm were anlysed as the control ( group B ) .All patients in group B received conventional anti-spasm management during PCI .All vessel spasm was identified by angiography.For patients in group A , a diameter of 0.014 inch guiding wire was chosen to pass through the spasmodic vessel segment carefully and gently .The diameter of balloon should be chosen according to the diameter of guiding catheter .A balloon diameter of 2.0 mm and 2.5 mm was corresponded to 6F and 7F guiding catheter respectively .The balloon was advanced to the tip of guiding catheter , keeping a half in catheter and a half in vessel followed by inflating the balloon with a pressure of 8 atm.The balloon was kept inflated the guiding catheter was pushed in vitro carefully and slowly until the catheter passed through the spasmodic vessel segment .Then the balloon was deflated and pulled out together with PCI guiding wire . Exchanged a diameter of 0.035 inch wire and completed the positioning of guiding catheter .After finishing the PCI, radial or ( and) brachial angiography was performed again to observe if spasm disappeared and to determine if there any contrast medium exudation .For patients in group B , routine approach was applied including administration of nitroglycerine , diltiazem or nitroprusside etc . to relieve vessel spasm. Results The location of vessel spasm was similar in group A and group B ( P=0.150 ) , and the incidence rate of spasm in brachial artery was higher than that in radial artery in both groups .The chance of guiding catheter crossing the spasmodic vessel segment was significantly higher in group A than in group B ( 100%vs.39.5%, P=0.00).In patients whose guiding catheter could pass through the spasmodic vessel segment successfully , time spent in group A was shorter than in group B ( P=0.000 ) .The patient number which time spent was less than five minutes , five to 15 minutes and more than 15 minutes was 30 and 2 ( 90.1%vs.13.3%) , 3 and 7 ( 9.9% vs.46.7%) and 0 and 6 ( 0% vs.40.0%) in group A and in group B respectively.The incidence of forearm hematoma was lower in group A than in group B without statistical difference [6.1%(2/33) vs.18.4%(7/38), P =0.113].Conclusions It is safe and feasible for passing guiding catheter through spasmodic vessels during PCI via radial artery access by the aid of PCI guiding wire and balloon .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of carvedilol combined with spironolactone in the treatment of elderly patients with chronic heart failure clinical efficacy and to provide reference for clinical treatment of formulation. Methods 104 elderly patients with chronic heart failure were randomly divided into observation group and control group,52 cases were randomly divided into observation group and control group.Control group intervention in accord-ance with the conventional treatment of chronic heart failure program,the observation group in the conventional scheme based on,combined with oral carvedilol and spironolactone therapy.6 months after treatment,clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.The results of echocardiography before and after treatment in two groups were compared.The adverse reactions in the treatment process were compared.Results The effective rate in the observation group was 59.62%,the total effective rate was 96.15%,which were significantly higher than those of the control group (χ2 =4.10,9.82,all P 0.05).Conclusion Carvedilol combined with spironolactone can significantly improve the clinical effect of the treatment of elderly patients with chronic heart failure,effectively improve the left ventricular remodeling in patients with,improve myocardial contractility in patients and has good security.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489005

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the method and clinical effect of bilobed DIEP flap for repair of degloving injuries of the hand.Methods From June, 2013 to January, 2015, the bilobed DIEP flap were designed to repair 6 cases of degloving injuries of hand, of which the small leaf flap repaired separately defect of thumb, larger leaf flap repair 2nd-5th finger and palm and dorsum.The bilobed DIEP flap design were based upon anatomic study on deep inferior epigastric artery, superior epigastric artery, intercostal artery and its anastomosis.Results The largest area of main flap was 35 cm × 12 cm, and the deputy leaves of flap was 10 cm× 7 cm.All of the 6 flaps survived.One of them experienced distal end necrosis of epidermis.But it was healed by dressing changes.All of the 6 cases were followed up for average of 12 months (range, 6-20 months).All flaps were seen with good appearance, fully recovered protectve sensation and the active motion of the thumb was recovery.Moreover, the donor sites were closed directly and the appearance were satisfactory.Conclusion The bilobed DIEP flap is a satisfying choice in repairing degloving injuries of the hand in that it has reliable blood supply, can obtain the larger area of skin and leaves small injuries in targeted area.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 531-534, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469318

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical application and evaluate the effect of repairing finger injuries using the perforator flap in forearm cubital fossa.Methods From July,2012 to December,2013,8 cases of finger injuries with totaled defect area of 2.5 cm × 4.0 cm-5.5 cm × 7.0 cm were reviewed.Among them,6 cases had phalangeal fracture,7 cases had neurovascular injury and 4 cases combined with tendon injuries.Cubital fossa flaps based on the inferior cubital perforator of radial artery were transplanted to repair the defects.Results All of the 8 flaps survived.One of them experienced distal end necrosis of epidermis and 1 cm long wound dehiscence.But it was healed by dressing change.All of the 8 cases were followed up for an average of 11 months (range,6-20 months).Sensory quality of (S) + was present in all of the flaps with two-point discrimination ranging between 7.5 mm and 9.8 mm with an average of 8.5 mm.All flaps were seen with good appearance,texture and colour.Moreover,function and appearance in donor sites were satisfactory.Conclusion The perforator flap in forearm cubital fossa is a satisfying choice in repairing small skin defects in fingers and other paas in that it is fixed,easy to dissect and leaves small injuries in targeted area.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426041

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term effectiveness of anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibodies vs.rabbit antithymocyte globulin as induction therapy in kidney transplantation.Methods Between 2006 and 2010,371 recipients of kidney transplants were treated with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI),mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone.261 patients of them received induction therapy with anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibodies (IL2Ra group),and 88 patients received rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG group).All the patients received ganciclovir against cytomegalovirus and SMZ against pneumocystis carinii.The data of delayed graft function (DGF),the rate of acute rejectin (AR) and infection in the first year and patient/allograft long survival rate in two groups were retrospectively analyzed during a follow-up period of 1 to 5 years postoperatively.Results There was no significant difference in the sex,age and causes of end-stage renal disease between the two groups.The rATG group had more kidney transplants from deceased donors (P<0.01 ) and the cold ischemia time was longer than that of the IL2Ra group (P<0.01 ).The IL2Ra group and the rATG group had similar incidence of DGF (3.1% vs.1.8%,P>0.05).One year after operation,the incidence of AR in IL2Ra group and rATG group was 10.7% and 2.7% respectively (P<0.05),and the incidence of infection in IL2Ra group and rATG group was 14.9% and 21.8% respectively (P>0.05).One-,two- and three-year patient survival rate in IL2Ra group was 98.9%,98.9% and 98.5% respectively,and that in rATG group was all 98.2% (P>0.05).The one-,two- and three-year allograft survival rate in IL2Ra group was 98.5%,98.1% and 97.7% respectively,and that in rATG group was all 97.3% (P>0.05).Conclusion rATG is more effective than IL2Ra preventing from acute rejection and does not increase the risk of infection for induction in kidney transplant recipients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1106-1109, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423494

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of peroneal artery chain perforator flap in repairing skin and soft tissue defects of ankle and lower leg and the corresponding clinical effect.Methods From 2005 to 2010,19 cases of skin and soft tissue'defects of the ankle and lower leg were treated by using peroneal artery chain perforator flaps.The sites of peroneal artery branches were detected by using Doppler flowmeter before operation.Supplied by the chain form of terminal branches of the peroneal artery,the cutaneous fulcrum straightly nearest to the wound was selected as the rotation point to design the flap,with area ranging from 25 cm × 8 cm to 16 cm × 6 cm.Results The follow-up for 1.5- 42 months revealed that all cases of flap survived with satisfactory shape,except for one case suffered from distal skin flap necrosis.Conclusions The peroneal artery chain perforator flap with unsteady peduncle has no restrictions of peduncle sites and can be cut flexibly.It is a perfect method in repair of soft tissue defect of ankle and lower leg.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382726

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The survival rate of articular chondrocytes is low after traditional cryopreservation,and great differences existed in chondrocytes from surface layer and deep layer,which easily result in graft degeneration and lead to surgery failure.OBJECTIVE: To establish rabbit allograft models of graded frozen articular cartilages with holes made before cryopreservation and to observe the effect of holed cryopreservation on the rabbit articular cartilages.METHODS: Osteochondral plugs taken aseptically from 2 months old rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: the experimental group,making holes(3 mm× 3 mm)in articular cartilages and graded freezing; non-hole graded freezing group,non-making holes and graded freezing; cryopreservation group: non-making holes and rapid freezing.The grafts were thawed and transplanted into the relevant articular cartilage defects of recipient rabbits.The grafts differences were observed by gross observation,histochemistry and immunohistochemistry staining.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The gross observation,histochemistry and immunohistochemistry staining of the experimental group were superior to the cryopreservation group.Though there were no significant differences between the non-hole graded freezing group and the experimental group,however,the experimental group enhanced the protective effect on cartilage tissue in the middle layer.The graded cryopreservation of articular cartilage gets an advantage over rapid cryopreservation.And the articular cartilage with holes could be preserved successfully in graded cryopreservation,which assures the survival and function of chondrocytes and slows down degrading process of the articular cartilage tissue after thawed and transplanted.

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