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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4149-4171, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011175

ABSTRACT

Bacteria-mediated anti-tumor therapy has received widespread attention due to its natural tumor-targeting ability and specific immune-activation characteristics. It has made significant progress in breaking the limitations of monotherapy and effectively eradicating tumors, especially when combined with traditional therapy, such as radiotherapy. According to their different biological characteristics, bacteria and their derivatives can not only improve the sensitivity of tumor radiotherapy but also protect normal tissues. Moreover, genetically engineered bacteria and bacteria-based biomaterials have further expanded the scope of their applications in radiotherapy. In this review, we have summarized relevant researches on the application of bacteria and its derivatives in radiotherapy in recent years, expounding that the bacteria, bacterial derivatives and bacteria-based biomaterials can not only directly enhance radiotherapy but also improve the anti-tumor effect by improving the tumor microenvironment (TME) and immune effects. Furthermore, some probiotics can also protect normal tissues and organs such as intestines from radiation via anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and apoptosis inhibition. In conclusion, the prospect of bacteria in radiotherapy will be very extensive, but its biological safety and mechanism need to be further evaluated and studied.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 748-753, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between femoral neck system (FNS) and inverted cannulated compression screws (ICCS) in the fixation of adult femoral neck fracture.Methods:The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed of the 119 patients with femoral neck fracture who had received FNS or ICCS internal fixation at Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, West China Hospital from September 2019 to June 2020. They were divided into 2 groups according to their internal fixation methods. In the FNS group of 62 patients, there were 38 males and 24 females, with an age of (54.0±13.0) years, and 13 cases of type Ⅱ, 34 cases of type Ⅲ and 15 cases of type Ⅳ according to the Garden classification; in the ICCS group of 57 patients, there were 42 males and 15 females, with an age of (53.2±11.3) years, and 9 cases of type Ⅱ, 33 cases of type Ⅲ and 15 cases of type Ⅳ according to the Garden classification. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, hospitalization time, fracture healing time, Harris hip score and incidence of complications were compared between the 2 groups.Results:The 2 groups were comparable due to insignificant differences in their preoperative general data or follow-up duration ( P>0.05). There were significant differences between the FNS and ICCS groups in fluoroscopy frequency [(8.8±2.9) times versus (15.6±3.4) times], operation time [(45.2±10.1) min versus (51.8±11.7) min], fracture healing time [(3.2±0.4) months versus (4.0±0.6) months], Harris hip score at the last follow-up [(91.8±4.4) points versus (84.6±3.3) points], and femoral neck shortening at the last follow-up, favoring the FNS group (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in follow-up time, hospitalization time, intraoperative blood loss or incidence of complications between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the fixation of adult femoral neck fractures, compared with ICCS, FNS can significantly reduce fluoroscopy frequency, shorten fracture healing and operation time, reduce risk of femoral neck shortening and hospitalization time, and promote functional recovery of the hip.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867685

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the needs of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients and review of the latest diagnosis and treatment strategy of COVID-19 and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of COVID-19 and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811516

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the needs of orthopedic trauma patients for emergency surgery and review of the latest NCP diagnosis and treatment strategy and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of NCP and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

7.
Tumor ; (12): 716-721, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848363

ABSTRACT

The patients with locally advanced colon cancer have high recurrence rate and poor prognosis after operation, so their quality of life needs to be improved. The present studies show that the early systemic treatment is able to eradicate tumor micrometastasis effectively and reduce the risks of tumor recurrence and metastasis. Preoperative chemotherapy as a kind of systemic treatment is effective for gastric cancer, breast cancer and esophageal cancer, but its curative effect on locally advanced colon cancer is not clear. To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of preoperative chemotherapy for the locally advanced colon cancer and to discuss the treatment strategy of locally advanced colon cancer, this review focuses on the theoretical basis and the clinical efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for the patients with locally advanced colon cancer, and CT as a mean of screening the patients with preoperative chemotherapy standards and evaluating the curative effect of preoperative chemotherapy, as well as the future research directions of preoperative chemotherapy for colon cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 849-854, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707576

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the curative effects of external fixation in the treatment of infected nonunion.Methods From June 2009 to December 2016,45 patients with infected nonunion were treated by external fixation at Department of Orthopaedics,West China Hospital.They were 36 males and 9 females with an average age of 45.3 years (range,from 14 to 65 years).The sites of fracture included tibia in 31 patients,femur in 12,humerus in one,and ulna-radius in one.The median time from injury to application of external fixation was 16.8 months and the average number of previous operations was 2.3 times.After debridement,24 cases had a bone defect of 6.0 cm in length on average (range,from 3.5 to 10.4 cm).After discharge,the patients were regularly followed up at the outpatient department and any of their complications was recorded in detail.At the final follow-ups,the protocol of ASAMI (Association for the Study and Application of the Method of Ilizarov) was used to evaluate their bone and functional results.Results All the 45 patients were followed up for 16 to 106 months (average,43.9 months).One patient had to receive amputation because of uncontrollable infection and all the other 44 cases achieved bony union.The bone defects were successfully reconstructed by external bone transport in 24 patients.The time for external fixation averaged 20.5 months.According to the evaluation by ASAMI at the final follow-ups,the bone was rated as excellent in 28 patients,as good in 12,as fair in one and as poor in 3,giving an excellent to good rate of 90.9%;the function was rated as excellent in 11 patients,as good in 21,as fair in 8 and as poor in 4,giving an excellent to good rate of 72.7%.Conclusion In eradication of infection and treatment of fracture nonunion,external fixation can be used not only to avoid the infection risk due to internal fixation but also to correct a complex deformity and repair a large bone defect,allowing early weight-bearing for the patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 61-66, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460976

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have shown that umbilical cord blood stem cel transplantation promote the recovery of spinal cord injury, and electroacupuncture also can inhibit the proliferation of astrocytes to reduce damage to scar formation, suggesting that a combination of umbilical cord blood stem cel transplantation and electroacupuncture may play an important role in the treatment of acute spinal cord injuries. OBJECTIVE:To observe the influence of transplantation of human umbilical cord blood stem cels combined with electroacupuncture at theDu channel on expression of nerve growth factor and neurotrophin 3 in rats with spinal cord injuries. METHODS: Seventy-two female Sprague-Dawlay rats were randomly divided into control group, injury group, transplantation group and combined therapy group. In the control group, only an incision on the back was sutured;in the injury group, a piece of saline-infiltrated gelatin sponge, 1 mm×2 mm×2 mm, was placed into the transected spinal cord at T10 level; in the transplantation group and combined therapy group, a piece of gelatin sponged infiltrated in the suspension of human umbilical cord blood stem cels was placed into the transected spinal cord, respectively, and then, electroacupuncture stimulation at the Duchannel was performed in the combined therapy group at 1 hour after modeling. Specimens were taken at 7, 14, 28 days after modeling in each group, and then immunohistochemistry, western blot and real time-PCR methods were used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor and neurotrophin 3. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the transplantation group, the expression of nerve growth factor and neurotrophin 3 was lower in the injury group but higher in the combined therapy group at 7, 14, 28 days after modeling (P < 0.05). The results of western blot and real time-PCR were consistent with those of immunohistochemical detection. Findings show that human umbilical cord blood stem cel transplantation combined with electroacupuncture has a remarkable synergistic effect in the treatment of spinal cord injury that can significantly up-regulate the expression of nerve growth factor and neurotrophin 3, and contribute to injured spinal cord repair, regeneration and functional recovery after spinal cord injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 294-299, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects and security between internal fixation and total hip arthroplasty for the patients in elderly with femoral neck fracture of displacement type through a meta analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Studies on comparison between internal fixation and total hip arthroplasty for the patients in the elderly with femoral neck fracture of displacement type were identified from PubMed database,EMBase database, COCHRANE library, CMB database, CNKI database and MEDLINE database. Data analysis were performed using Revman 5.2.6(the Cochrane Collaboration).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six published randomized controlled trials including 627 patients were suitable for the review, 286 cases in internal fixation group and 341 cases in total hip arthroplasty group. The results of meta analysis indicated that statistically significant difference were observed between the two groups in the quality of life which was reflected by the Harris scale (RR = 0.82, 95%CI:0.72-0.93, P < 0.05) , the reoperation rate (RR = 5.81, 95%CI:3.09-10.95, P < 0.05) and the major complications rate (RR = 3.60, 95%CI:2.29-5.67, P < 0.05) postoperatively. There were no difference in the mortality at 1 year and 5 years postoperatively(P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For the patients with femoral neck fracture of displacement type in the elderly, there is no statistical difference between two groups in the mortality postoperatively. The quality of life and the security of operation in internal fixation group is worse than the total hip arthroplasty group.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Femoral Neck Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 7-10, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418929

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effects on serum homocysteine(Hcy) level,vascular function and carotid intima-media thickness(IMT) in metformin-treated diabetic patients with or without supplementation with folate and Vitamin B12.MethodsA total of 100 newly diagnosed diabetic type 2patients were divided into two groups by random digits table with 50 cases each,90 patients completed study.Forty-seven participants (control group) received a 6-month course of metformin treatment,43 patients (treatment group) received mefformin,folate and Vitamin B12 treatment.The levels of serum Hcy,endothelin-1 (ET-1),carotid IMT,large or small arterial elasticity index (C1,C2),flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery were evaluated before and after treatment.ResultsThe level of serum Hcy in control group significantly increased compared with before treatment[ (13.4 ± 2.7)μ mol/L vs.(11.1 ± 1.9)μ mol/L],hut the level of serum Hcy in treatment group significantly decreased compared with before treatment [ (9.2 ± 1.8 ) μ mol/L vs. ( 11.3 ± 2.0) μ mol/L ],there was significant difference(P < 0.05 ).A beneficial effect was observed in the serum ET-1,FMD,carotid IMT and C2 in treatment group[ (20.0 ± 6.2)ng/L,( 15.8 ± 7.6)%,(0.8 ± 0.2) mm,(4.1 ± 2.1 ) ml/mm Hg ( 1 mm Hg =0.133 kPa) × 100 vs. (31.3 ±10.1 ) ng/L,(9.7 ± 4.5)%,( 1.1 ± 0.4) mm,(2.3 ± 1.0) ml/mm Hg × 100 ] (P < 0.05).The levels of ET-1,FMD,carotid IMT and C2 after treatment in control group [ (24.8 ± 6.8) ng/L,( 12.9 ± 6.3 )%,(0.9 ± 0.3)mm,(3.0 ± 1.4) ml/mm Hg × 100] had significant difference compared with before treatment [ (30.6 ± 8.7)ng/L,(9.8 ± 4.6)%,( 1.0 ± 0.3) mm,(2.2 ± 0.9) ml/mm Hg × 100](P< 0.05).However,the results were improved significantly in treatment group than those in control group (P <0.05).In treatment group,significant correlation were detected between changes of Hcy and ET- 1 (r =0.43,P < 0.05 ),carotid IMT(r =0.56,P < 0.05),FMD (r =-0.54,P < 0.05 ),C2 (r =-0.37,P < 0.05 ).ConclusionsAdministration of folate and Vitamin B12 can reduce the levels of serum Hcy and ET-1 in metformin-treated type 2 diabetic patients,which exert beneficial effect on carotid IMT,FMD and C2.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 473-475, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389621

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the fixed-effects of the treatment using transarticular screw joint lateral mass screw unilateral bi-direction fixation through posterior midline approach.Methods 16 patients,12 patients with traumatic fracture-dislocation and 4 patients with cervical disc herniation with spinal stenosis,were treated with transarticular screw(caudad) joint lateral mass screw (cephalad)unilateral bi-direction fixation in the posterior cervical.Results 32 transarticular screws were implanted,including C4-5 8 pieces,C5-6 12 pieces,C6-7 12 pieces;36 lateral mass screws were implanted,including C2 13 pieces,C3 14 pieces,C4 9 pieces.All screws were successfully implanted in operation,without injuries and other complications in vertebral artery,nerve root and spinal cord.16patients were followed up for averaged 18 months ( 10 - 30 months).Surgical incisions reduced by half than traditional ,fusion time were 2.0 to 4.5 months for an average of 3.1 months.Conclusions When through theposterior fixed cervical spine,used transarticular screw joint lateral mass screw unilateral bi-direction fixation,fixed simply and reliably,reduced internal fixation materials for implantation,reduced operative time,increased bone bed area,the bone fusion rate was high,reduced the length of surgical incision,reduced the blood vessels,nerve root injury risk ,reduced complications such as axial symptoms ,saved medical expenses,achieved good results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 20-24, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396950

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cLinical outcome and influencing factors of open reduction and internal fixation in treatment of hip dislocation combined with acetabular fractures. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 51 patients with hip dislocation combined with twetabular frac-tures, who were treated with open reduction and internal fixation under general anesthesia in the emergen-cy department on admission. Of all, 41 patients were treated with open reduction and plate/screw internal fixation, for which the reduction result was evaluated by postoperative X-rays and follow up X-rays accord-ing to Matta's criteria and the functional outcome by Merle d' Aubigne's criteria. Results Of 41 pa-tients, 33 were followed up for 1-7 years (mean 3.1 years). X-ray evaluation showed anatomic reduction in 27 patients (82%), imperfect reduction in five (15%) and poor reduction in one (3%). The clini-cal outcome at the time of final follow-up was graded as excellent in 18 patients (55%), good in 8 (24%), mederate in 3 (9%) and peor in4 (12%), with total excellence rate of 79%. Conclusion Prompt reduction of hip dislocation, precise reduction of the acetabular fracture and decrease of periopera-tive comphcations are key to excellent clinical outcome.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 715-717, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398438

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical results of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) in treatment of complex fractures of the distal femur. Methads From July 2005 to December 2006, 41 patients with complex distal femur fractures induced by high energy trauma were treated with MIPO plus locking compression plate(LCP). There were 31 males and 10 females, at average age of 38 years(17-65 years). According to the AO/OTA fracture classification system, there were 11 patients with type A3 fractures, 22 with type C2 and 8 with type C3. There were 16 patients with open fractures. The clinical result was evaluated by using function examination and radiographic assessment. Results All patients were followed up for average 8 months(2-18 months), which showed fracture healing, with mean healing time of 13 weeks(7. 16 weeks). There was only 1 patient with superficial infection but no fixation failure or implant breakage were found. The average knee range of motion was 110°(45°-135°). Hospital for special surgery knee rating scale(HSS) showed excellent or good results in 36 patients (88%). No patient with greater than 5°difference in either varus or valgus was detected when compared 2 days after operation with latest follow-up. Conclusion In treatment of complex distal femur frac-tures, MIPO plus LCP have advantages of minor trauma, stable fLxation, slight interference on soft tis-sues, early fracture healing and few complications.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 955-958, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and therapeutic methods of bac-terial colonization and infection of Acinetobacter baumannii on the wound of earthquake induced patients. Methods A retrospective study was done on 42 Wenehuan earthquake induced patients with positive wound germiculture of Acinetobacter baumannii. There were 24 males and 18 females, at mean age of 37 years (12-96 years). Open injury was located at the upper arm in one patient, at the forearm in four, at the thigh in 12, at the calf in 23 and at the trunk in two. The time between injury and treatment varied from 3 to 7 days. The clinical characteristics including the bacteria identification and drug sensitivity test were studied to compare drug resistance to 15 antibiotics. Results Bacterial colonization of Acineto-bacter baumannii was found in 31 patients (8.2%) and infection of Acinetobacter baumannii in 11 (2.9%). After debridement, pruphylactic antibiotics and nutrition support, 15 patients with bacterial colonization were managed with Ⅱ stage suture or skin grafting. The other 16 patients were transferred to hospitals of other provinces after germiculture turned negative. Through debridement and drainage, antibi-otic therapy and nutrition support, the infection was controlled and the wound eliminated in six patients through Ⅱ stage suture but four were concomitant with pulmonary infection and one with septicemia. Drug sensitivity test showed that sensitive rate to imipenem, amikacin, levofloxacin, ticarcillin-clavulanic acid, tobramycin were 59.5%, 21.4%, 21.4%, 19.5% and 19.0% respectively. Conclusions The risk factors of infection of Acinetobacter baumannii include severe tissue trauma, severe wound contamination, delayed treatment and weak body resistance. During treatment, the bacterial colonization and infection of Acinetobacter baumannii should be distinguished and treated respectively. Correct wound treatment, suit-able antibiotic therapy and increased body resistance are key to improvement of clinical curative effect.

16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1041-1044, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320424

ABSTRACT

This study was sought to compare and evaluate the biomechanical properities of rotating-arm self-locking intramedullary nails (RSIN) with domestic femoral intramedullary nail (DFIN) in communited femoral shaft fractures. A 2 cm midshaft defect was created on seven pairs of cadaver femur, and fixed with two kinds of intramedullary nails. Then the torsion, four-point bending and axial loading to failure were tested on these models. The load versus deformation curve was generated from the load recorded by the load cell and the deformation simultaneously recorded by the linear variable displacement transducer. The mean torsional stiffness of the femora fixed with RSIN was 0.98 Nm/degree, which was significantly less than that fixed with the similar nails reported in documents, and the mean value of bending stiffness of the femur fixed with DFIN was larger than that of the femur fixed with RBIN, but there was no significant statistic difference. For use in fracture models under compression load beyond 1200 N, the RBIN was more rigid than DFIN, which provided the biggest load. All the parameters of the test with nails were greater than that for femur fixed with nails. In conclusion, FBIN probably provides enough strength and rigidity for use in communited femoral shaft fractures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , In Vitro Techniques , Random Allocation , Stress, Mechanical , Tensile Strength
17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 970-973, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327168

ABSTRACT

We have designed a new kind of self-locking intramedullary nail for the treatment of unstable fracture of the middle and distal tibial shaft and have compared it with the interlocking nail by means of biomechanical experiments. The data could be used as a basis for clinical application. Fourteen formalin-fixed tibials of adults were made into unstable fracture models with a 2cm bone defect each. They were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 was fixed with self-locking intramedullary nail and group 2 was fixed by interlocking nail. All specimens were submitted to biomechanical test. The data were analysed by t test. The results showed there is no difference in anti-bending stiffness between the self-locking intramedullary nail and the interlocking nail. The anti-rotating and anti-compressing stiffness of interlocking nail is slightly better than that of self-locking intramedullary nail, but still the firmmess of the self-locking intramedullary nail in resisting rotation can meet the requirement of biological fixation. Its structure is reasonable, simple, practical, and it can resist certain harmful stress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a RP-HPLC method for the content determination of Hyperoside and Chlorogenic acid in Menoprogen capsules.METHODS:The samples were separated on Kromasil C18 column,with mixtures of 0.1% phosphoric acid and acetonitrile as mobile phase in a gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL?min-1.The column temperature was 30 ℃;the detection wavelength of Hyperoside was 205 nm and that of Chlorogenic acid was 325 nm.RESULTS:Hyperoside and Chlorogenic acid showed good linear relationship over the ranges of 0.015 1~0.241 4 mg?mL-1(r=0.999 3) and 0.012 6~0.201 8 mg?mL-1(r=0.999 1),respectively.The average recoveries were 98.89% and 97.95% with RSD at 0.52% and 0.82%,respectively.CONCLUSION:This method is simple,rapid and sensitive,and it can be used for the quality control of Menoprogen capsule.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528352

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of antithyroid drug(ATD) on oxidative stress in Graves disease patients with and without infiltrative ophthalmopathy.Method The levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD),glutathione peroxidase(GPx) and catalase(CAT) in erythrocytes of Graves disease patients(18 with and 20 without infiltrative ophthalmopathy) were measured before and after treatment with ATD.Results Compared with the normal control group,the levels of SOD,GPx and CAT were significantly higher in Graves disease patients with and without infiltrative ophthalmopathy.After euthyroidism was achieved with the treatment of ATD,the levels of SOD,GPx and CAT were normalized in the patients without infiltrative ophthalmopathy,but oxidative stress was still present in the patients with infiltrative ophthalmopathy.Conclusion The oxidative stress is obvious in patients with Graves ophthalmopathy,which suggests that oxidative stress is involved in orbital inflammation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537694

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the behavior of Schwann cell migration and wrapping up of fibres during co-culture of Schwann cells with steroframe of PLA and PLGA fibres. Methods Schwann cells were mixed into 30% ECM gel and co-cultured with PLA non-spinning fibre steroframes and seeded on one ends of PLGA fibres which were treated with collagen,polylysine or ECM. The attachment,growth and migration of Schwann cells were observed under phase contrast microscope and laser scan confocus microscope. Results (1)When Schwann cells were co-cultured with PLA steroframes,most of the Schwann cells kept in the fibre holes and attached on PLA fibres to form B?ngner band likd structures. (2)When co-cultured with PLGA fibers,Schwann cells could attach and migrate on PLGA fibres and the number of Schwann cells were obviously increased when PLGA fibres were treated by ECM. Conclusions (1)ECM gel colud promote Schwann cells attachment,growth and migration on PLA steroframes and PLGA fibers. (2)ECM gel is a good integrating substance for constructing tissue engineering bioartificial nerve.

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