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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD).@*Methods@#The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non-acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors.@*Results@#A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. The incidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7% and 83.5% respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD). Methods The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non - acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors. Results A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. Theincidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7%and 83.5%respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001). Conclusion Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495729

ABSTRACT

Abstract Formaldehyde has been widely employed to immobilize clinical tissue specimens, inactivate toxins and viruses in biomedical fields. Formaldehyde can react with active groups in bio-molecules such as proteins, resulting in protein cross-linking, inactivation, and immobilization. By using several standard peptides and tryptic peptides from matrix protein of influenza virus as experimental models, we studied the chemical modifications of peptides and proteins with formaldehyde by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and nano-electrospray quadruple time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. The reaction between formaldehyde and peptides was performed under the same conditions as those during inactivation of virus (4℃, 0. 025% Formalin (V/V), 37% formaldehyde solution (w/w), and 72 h). The results indicated that under above conditions, formaldehyde could react with amino group of N-terminus of standard peptide to generate a methylol adduct, which was further condensed into an imine to generate+12 Da product. Besides, formaldehyde could react with side chain of two amino acids such as arginine and lysine, yielding +12 Da product respectively. The analysis of the reaction between formaldehyde and tryptic peptides from matrix protein of influenza virus showed that +24 Da products could be detected in most peptides due to combinational contribution from N-terminus of peptide (+12 Da ) and side chain of C-terminal arginine or lysine (+12 Da) . Moreover, a +36 Da product was detected for a peptide with miss-cut site. The results indicated that low-concentration formaldehyde primarily reacted with amino group on N-termini of peptides and proteins, as well as the side chains of arginine and lysine residues. The present study suggested an effective mass spectrometry-based method for analyzing the reaction between low-concentration formaldehyde and peptides and proteins, thus provided strategies for interpretation for the mass spectra of reaction products.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494371

ABSTRACT

Interferon stimulated gene 15 kDa protein (ISG15) is the first ubiquitin-like protein identified, which plays vital roles in a variety of fields including viral infection and immunological regulation. In this study, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyze ISG15-modified proteins in A549 cells in response to infection by influenza virus, which was enriched by immunoprecipitation. A total of 22 cellular host proteins were identified in A549 cells infected by influenza virus, including ubiquitin-like ISG15 protein, cyclin-T1, heat shock protein 71 kDa, caldesmon, eukaryotic translation initiation factor, and so on. Besides, non-structural protein (NS1) from influenza virus was also identified. Among the 22 host proteins identified, 6 proteins were also identified in the control non-infected A549 cells, including annexin A1, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A, ATP synthase subunit g, enolase, actin, and tubulin. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the identified ISG15-modified host proteins induced by influenza virus infection could be classified into 9 protein classes: chaperone, oxidoreductase, enzyme modulator, transferase, nucleic acid binding, transcription factor, kinase, cytoskeletal protein, and structural protein. This study provided a specific and effective tool for analyzing ISG15-modified proteins in proteome level.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 607-610, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345731

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) solution in infants with acute bronchiolitis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 129 patients with acute bronchiolitis (clinical severity score ≥ 4, aged 2-18 months) admitted to the Capital Institute of Pediatrics from November 2012 to January 2013 were enrolled. All the subjects were assigned to receive 1.5 ml compound ipratropium bromide solution for inhalation and 1 ml budesonide firstly, twice a day. Then, the subjects were randomized to receive 2 ml doses of nebulized 5% HS (Group A), 3% HS (Group B) or 0.9% NS (Group C), twice a day. The treatment lasted for 3 days. Clinical severity scores before treatment and 24, 48, 72 h after treatment were documented. Bronchospasm, nausea and emesis were recorded to assess safety.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A total of 124 patients completed this research.Group A included 40 cases, Group B included 42 cases, Group C included 42 cases. Demographic characteristics, pre-treatment duration and clinical severity score before treatment were similar among the 3 group.Seventy-two hours after treatment, the clinical severity score of Group A, B, and C were 3.5 (1.0) , 4.0 (1.0) and 5.0 (0) . At 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment, the clinical severity score were significantly different among the three groups (χ(2) = 36.000, 51.200, 50.800, P < 0.05) .One patient in Group A got paroxysmal cough everytime as soon as he received 5% HS (6 times).Other 3 patients in Group A got paroxysmal cough once. The incidence of adverse effect of Group A was 3.75% (9/240); no adverse event occurred in other group. The incidence of adverse effect among this three group was significantly different (χ(2) = 19.13, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Inhalation of nebulized 5% and 3% hypertonic saline could decrease clinical symptoms of patient with acute bronchiolitis; 5% HS was superior to 3% HS. But 2 ml dose of 5% HS may induce paroxysmal cough.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Bronchiolitis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Bronchodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Budesonide , Therapeutic Uses , Cough , Female , Humans , Infant , Ipratropium , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Saline Solution, Hypertonic , Therapeutic Uses , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393660

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of treating severe patients with frontal lobe and temple lobe with enlarging pterion approach operation. Methods All the severe patients with frontal lobe and temple lobe injury were divided into two groups at random. One group adopted the standard large trauma craniotomy, the other group adopted enlarging pterion approach operation. Under the same conditions, score of GCS, patients ages in two groups were analyzed. And we compare their operation results. Results Compared the standard large trauma cranioto-my,the good recover rates rise 9.2% (P < 0.05) and the death rate reduce 10.2% (P < 0.05) by using the enlarging pterion approach operation. Conclusion The enlarging pterion approach operation could improve existing quality and decrease mortality and disabled rate in patients with severe brain injury in frontal lobe and temple lobe.

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