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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 41-45, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507202


Objective To explore the expression and clinical significance of proliferation associated antigen Ki-67 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods A total of 45 AML patients (including 36 newly diagnosed AML patients and 9 recurrent AML patients) and 20 healthy volunteers (healthy group) were enrolled from October 2012 to January 2016 in Department of Hematology in Fuxing Hospital. The expression of Ki-67 in bone marrow blast cells were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The relation between Ki-67 level and clinical characteristics, and the prognostic significance of Ki-67 were studied. Results The positive rate of Ki-67 in newly diagnosed AML, recurrent AML patients and healthy controls were (10.38±8.41)%, (20.99± 11.49) % and (40.77±11.97) %, respectively. The positive rate of Ki-67 in newly diagnosed AML patients or recurrent AML patients were significantly lower than that in healthy controls (all P0.05). There was no significant difference of overall survival between high Ki-67 expression group and low Ki-67 expression group in newly diagnosed AML patients [(780±110) d vs. (788±118) d, P=0.927]. Conclusions The proliferation of blast cells in AML patients is lower than that in healthy controls. Detecting the level of Ki-67 may provide a reference for choosing the cell cycle specific chemotherapy drugs in clinical practice. Monitoring Ki-67 during AML process contributes to monitoring disease progression and predicting recurrence.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 729-731,739, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603796


Objective To evaluate the treatment efficacy of leukocyte reduction in hyperleukocytic acute myeloid leukemia (HAML) patients with leukostasis grading score (LGS).Methods The data of 54 HAML patients were analyzed retrospectively.The relationship between LGS and leukocyte stasis symptoms or early mortality was observed, and the impact of leukapheresis on LGS was analyzed.Results Among 54 patients with HAML, there were 1 case of M1, 16 cases of M2, 10 cases of M4, 20 cases of M5 and 7 cases of unclassified AML.Based on clinical symptoms and LGS system, 3 cases were LGS 0, 15 cases LGS 1, 17 cases LGS 2, and 19 cases LGS 3.In patients with LGS ≤ 2, the rates of type Ⅰ respiratory failure, central nevers system (CNS) symptoms and early mortality caused by leukostasis were significantly lower than those in patients with LGS 3 (P < 0.05).The LGS of HAML patients was reduced by leukocyte reduction therapy (P < 0.000 1).The LGS of HAML patients treated by leukapheresis and low dose chemotherapy was improved significantly than that of patients treated without leukapheresis (P =0.008).Among 37 cases receiving induction chemotherapy, 20 cases reached complete remission (CR) after the first cycle of induction chemotherapy.CR rate of patients with LGS ≤ 2 was no significantly different compared with that of patients with LGS 3 (P =0.703).Conclusions LGS can be used to evaluate the degree and the improvement status of leukostasis after treatment in HAML patients.The early death often occurres in patients with high LGS.Leukapheresis combined with low-dose chemotherapy can effectively improve the LGS of HAML patients.