Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 10-15, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799071


Objective@#To analyze the frequency and composition of risk-related cytogenetic abnormalities (CAs) in patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) .@*Methods@#The frequency and composition of risk-related CAs from a cohort of 1 015 Chinese patients with NDMM were determined by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (iFISH) , individually or in combination.@*Results@#Of the cohort of 1 015 Chinese patients with NDMM, the frequencies of IgH arrangement, del (13q) /13q14, 1q gain and del (17p) were 54.0%, 46.4%, 46.1% (35.8% and 12. 7% for 3 or more than 3 copies) and 9.9%, respectively. Among 454 patients who had the baseline information for all risk-related CAs [except t (14;20) , which was not covered by the FISH panels performed routinely at all five centers], the frequencies of t (4;14) , t (11;14) or t (14;20) were 14.1%, 11.2% and 4.8%, respectively; of them, 44.3% patients carried 2 or more CAs (28.0%, 13.4% and 2.9% for 2, 3 or ≥4 CAs) ; 83.3%, 95.0% or 68.6% patients with 1q gain, del (17p) or IgH rearrangement had 1 or more additional CA (s) , with del (13q) /13q14 as the most frequently accompanied CA; 57.7% patients carried at least 1 HRCA; the incidences of double-hit (DH) MM (DHMM) (=2 HRCAs) and triple-hit (TH) (THMM) (≥3 HRCAs) were 14.3% and 2.9%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Our results provided an up-to-date profile of CAs in Chinese NDMM patients, which revealed that approximately 58% patients might carry at least 1 HRCA, and 17% could experience so-called DHMM or THMM who presumably had the worst outcome.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 104-107, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742764


Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics, curative effect and prognosis of myeloid sarcoma. Methods The clinical data of 12 patients with MS diagnosed at Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University from August 2008 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and survival were analyzed. Results Twelve patients were 17 to 62 years old. The initial site included lymph node, external auditory canal, eye, buttock, lung, liver, pancreas, breast,skin, vertebra and its surroundings,and cervix. Among 11 patients with peripheral blood classification, bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy, 6 cases were isolated MS [one of which developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML)], 1 case was chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase, 2 cases were AML-M2, and 1 case was myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and 1 case was after aplastic anemia (AA) with no infiltration of bone marrow. Immunohistochemical results showed that LCA(+) (7/7), MPO(+) (12/12), CD43(+) (9/9), lysozyme(+) (5/7), CD3(-) (8/8), CD20(-) (9/9), CD34(+) (5/6), CD117(+) (7/7), and Ki-67(+) 30%-90%. Four patients were examined for bone marrow chromosomes, 2 patients with AML had t (8;21), 1 patient with MDS was 47, XX, +8, del(11)(q21), and 1 patient with CML was t(9;22). Two of the 12 patients were lost to follow-up. Among the 10 patients who were followed up, 6 died and 4 survived, and the median survival time was 21 months (2-27 months). Conclusions AA in stable phase with MS and CML in chronic phase with MS are rarely reported. The clinical manifestations of MS patients are varied, of which the common incidence sites are superficial lymph nodes, the infrequent sites are vertebra and its surrounding areas, and the rare sites are eye, pancreas, lung, liver, etc. The median survival time of MS patient is short and the curative effect is poor.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821744


Objective@#To describe the MICM (morphology, immunology, cytogenetics and molecular biology) characteristics of a case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia M 4C . @*Methods@#The medical history data of the case of M 4C admitted to our hospital was reviewed. The results of bone marrow cell morphology, cytochemical stains, bone marrow biopsy, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, molecular test and NGS (next-generation sequencing) of the case were analyzed. @*Results@#The bone marrow smear showed markedly active proliferation of bone marrow cells in which the myelomonocytic cells accounted for 85.6%. Cytochemical stains showed peroxidase (POX) stain partially and weakly positive; specific esterase AS-DCE partially positive; non-specific esterase α-NBE partially positive and smothered by sodium fluoride; non-specific esterase AS-DAE partially positive and smothered by sodium fluoride. Bone marrow biopsy showed hyperproliferative cells and diffused hyperplasia of blasts. Immunophenotype analysis showed that the abnormal cell population was positive for CD11B, CD64, CD56, cMPO, CD33, CD41, CD61, CD38 and CD58, but negative for CD13, CD34, CD117, CD7, CD123, HLA-DR, CD10, CD19, CD20, CD2, CD14, CD235, CD15, CD303, CD304, CD25, cCD79a, cCD3, cCD22, CD1a and TDT. Cytogenetic analysis showed 47, XY, t(9;11) (p22;q23),+mar. The molecular test for leukemia showed MLLT3/KMT2A gene rearrangement. NGS showed NRAS and TET2 mutation. The case was finally diagnosed as AML (acute myelomonocytic leukemia) M 4C with t(9;11)(p22;q23), MLLT3-KMT2A. @*Conclusion@#Leukemia M 4C may show the characteristics of both granulocytes and monocytes with complex morphological features. The combined examination of MICM should be necessary for the diagnosis of M 4C with great significance.

Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 294-298, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691783


Objective To investigate the expression of bone marrow γ-H2AX in the patients with multiple myeloma(MM) and its correlation with the prognosis.Methods The patients with newly diagnosed MM in this hospital were selected as the case group,and the patients with non-hemopoietic system tumor without obvious morphological abnormalities by bone marrow smear and biopsy served as the control group.The immunohistochemistry was adopted to detect the expression level of bone marrow γ-H2AX in the cases group and control group,the image-Pro Plus(IPP) semiquantitative analysis was performed.The expression differences were compared between the two groups,moreover the case group was re-divided into the strong expression group and weak expression group according to γ-H2AX expression level.Then the relation ship between γ-H2AX expression level and the prognosis in the patients with MM.Results The bone marrow γ-H2AX expression level in the case group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05);the level of γ-H2AX expression in the strong expression group was significantly stronger than that in the weak expression group (P<0.05).Conclusion The level of γ-H2AX expression was higher among MM patients,and the over expression of γ-H2AX predicts the shorter survival time.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496415


Objective To explore the value of applying multiple disciplinary team (MDT) in the clinical practice teaching of lymphoma. Methods 5-year program clinical medicine undergraduate students of 2012 were divided into experimental and control group randomly, with 30 cases in each group. The ex-perimental group received MDT in clinical teaching through MDT conference and cases analysis. The control group received conventional teaching mainly by smal class presentation and ward round . The effect of teaching was evaluated by examination and questionnaire. The data were analyzed through t-test and chi-square test by SPSS 20.0 software. Results The results showed the students' scores of the theory knowledge test of two groups were similar to each other, but the scores of discussional topic and clinical cases analysis were higher in experimental group than control group and statistically difference [(16.5 ±2.3)vs. (10.5 ±1.8);(37.5±2.5) vs.(27.5±1.8)], (P=0.000), and the final score of two groups showed statistically difference (93.5± 5.2 vs. 76.0 ±6.2) (P=0.000). Meanwhile, questionnaire survey of satisfaction showed that 27 students of experimental group (90.0%) were interested in this new teaching model, 29 students (96.7%) believed it im-proved understanding and memory to the process of lymphoma diagnosis and treatment, 25 students (83.3%) believed it could improved the ablility to diagnose and differential diagnose lymphoma and expanded their clinical view. 28 students (93.3%) had consolidated clinical thinking, and 26 students (86.7%) improved negotiation with patients. All issues were significantly better than control group (P<0.05). Conclusions The clinical teaching model innovation based on MDT could help medical students use the cross-discipinary interviewing and make optimal treatment plan for patients. It is conducive to the cultivation of their diagnosis, differential diagnosis and clinical thinking ability, which is worthy of promotion in hematological clinical teaching.