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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 647-651, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503750

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the complications of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery( TV-NOTES) nephrectomy, and to explore effective measures to prevent and manage those complication.Methods From May 2010 to January 2015, a total of 178 females who had been married and given birth underwent TV-NOTES nephrectomy in our center.The average age was 47 ( ranging 23 to 71 ) years and the average BMI was 23.6 ( ranging 14.7 to 31.9 ) kg/m2.Pathological diagnosis included 142 cases of non-functional kidneys, 29 cases of renal tumors ( T1 N0-1 M0 25 cases, T2 N0-1 M0 4 cases) , and 7 cases of renal tuberculosis.One hundred and sixty hybrid TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 132, radical in 28) and 18 pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 17, radical in 1) were performed.Intraoperative and postoperative complications were graded according to Satava and Clavien-Dindo grade classifications.The major complications and relative treatments were analyzed.Results Among the 178 TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures, there were 40 ( 22.5%) complications occurred, including 13 (7.3%) major complications, in which there were 11 cases of intraoperative complications (6.2%),2 cases of postoperative complications (1.1%).All the complications were successfully managed using organ repair or resection, embolectomy, hemostasis, and so on.No intraoperative and postoperative deaths occurred.There was no significant difference in major complications between hybrid TV-NOTES and pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy (6.9%vs.11.1%, P=0.620).The intraoperative major complications in the early developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy were more than that of the late stage (20.0%vs.3.4%, P=0.004).There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the early and late developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy (13.3%vs.10.8%, P=0.751).Conclusions TV-NOTES nephrectomy is safe and feasible, but there are some major complications worthy of attention.Personal prevent and treatment strategy should be considered.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458879

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous carotid artery dissection (SCAD).Methods Clinical diagnosis and treatment data of 9 patients with SCAD were analyzed retrospectively.ResultsVascular ultrasound showed stenoses or occlusions of carotid artery.Angiography showed “flame-shaped ” sign in totally occluded proximal section and free intimal flap in stenoses section.One patient with total occlusion of bilateral internal carotid artery and 6 patients with total occlusion of unilateral internal carotid artery were treated with antiplatelet therapy.Two patients with incomplete occlusion of the carotid were operated with stent implantation in carotid arteries,and the clinical effect of both operations was satisfactory.ConclusionAngiography remains the gold standard in diagnosing SCAD,and stent implantation is an effective treatment of this disease.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585051

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety between laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC) for benign gallbladder diseases in elderly patients. Methods A total of 120 patients above the age of 60 with indications for cholecystectomy and tolerance to general anesthesia were divided into two groups (LC Group and OC Group), in admission order of odd or even, with 60 patients in each group. Peri-operative parameters including operation time, analgetic consumption, postoperative gastrointestinal recovery time, length of duration with fluid infusion, length of bed rest, postoperative complications, and hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Serum total triiodothyronine (TT3) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, as well as the functional recovery of the abdominal muscles, were also recorded and compared. Results Peri-operative parameters were better in the LC Group than in the OC Group. Serum TT3 levels decreased significantly after surgery in both the LC Group (F=8.26,P=0.000) and the OC Group (F=124.70,P=0.000), with a more significant difference in the OC Group.Postoperatively,serum TSH levels decreased insignificantly in the LC Group (F=1.87,P=0.157) and significantly in the OC Group (F=27.24,P=0.000). Lasegue’s test at 7 days after surgery showed significantly higher leg-raising times in the LC Group than in the OC Group (t=3.640,P=0.000). Conclusions Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is superior to open cholecystectomy in the treatment of benign gallbladder diseases in elderly patients.

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