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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898203

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890499

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical symptom and parental origin of patients with MECP2 duplication syndrome in order to provide a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical symptoms of four patients who were diagnosed with MECP2 duplication syndrome by copy number variation sequencing (CNV-Seq) were reviewed. The maternal origin of the duplications were verified.@*RESULTS@#All patients were males, and CNV-Seq revealed that they have all harbored a duplication in the Xq28 region spanning 0.32 ~ 0.86 Mb, which were derived from asymptomatic mothers. The clinical symptoms of three patients with three copies included delayed speech, intellectual disability, and muscular hypotonia, while the patient with four copies had died at 6 months after birth, with clinical symptoms including recurrent infections, seizures, and spasticity.@*CONCLUSION@#The four cases of MECP2 duplication syndrome have shown complete penetrance and have all derived from asymptomatic mothers. As a stable and reliable method, CNV-Seq can accurately detect the MECP2 duplication syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, X , DNA Copy Number Variations , Gene Duplication , Humans , Male , Mental Retardation, X-Linked , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/genetics , Phenotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911431

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to improve the ability to visualize and diagnose congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI). The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination findings, imaging features and treatment outcomes of 22 patients with CNDI admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2013 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 22 patients with CNDI, 86.4% (19 cases) were male. The age of the 22 patients ranged from 2 months to 47 years old, in which 20 cases were younger than 30 years old and 2 cases were older than 30 years old. The clinical manifestations were polydipsia and polyuria, accompanied with various degrees of fever, defects in growth and development, and increased serum creatinine in some patients. Fifteen patients (68.2%) had different degrees of bilateral kidney and ureteral hydronephrosis, and increased residual urine volume in the bladder. Pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhanced scan showed that the high signal intensity in the posterior pituitary lobe was not detectable in 5 cases (22.7%), and blurred in 6 cases (27.3%). Seven tested patients were all found AVPR2 gene mutation. For patients with suspected CNDI, water-inhibiting vasopressin test and genetic testing should be performed in time so as to confirm diagnosis and treat as early as possible.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911421

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of diabetic kidney disease(DKD) has been increasing gradually, and it has become the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. However, current therapies show limited efficacy in preventing the progression of DKD. Against the backdrop of chip and high-throughput sequencing, long non-coding RNAs are revealed to an important role in the pathogenesis of DKD. This article summarizes the research progress of long non-coding RNA in DKD, and look forward to the more extensive application of long non-coding RNA in the future.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miR-425-5p on glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) secretion in intestinal L cells induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS), and to explore its mechanism.Methods:GLUTag cells of intestinal L cell line were incubated with LPS to determine the levels of miR-425-5p and GLP-1. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Quantitative real time-PCR and western blot were performed to determine the expressions of miR-425-5p, phosphatase and tensin homology(PTEN), proglucagon, and GLP-1. Activity of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway was determined by detecting TOP/FOP ratio. Interaction among miR-425-5p, PTEN, and β-catenin was analyzed using luciferase activity assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation(ChIP)assay.Results:In GLUTag cells, with the elevation of LPS concentration, the expression of miR-425-5p and the apoptosis rate were increased, while the level of active GLP-1 and the cell viability were decreased. MiR-425-5p was involved in the regulation of LPS on GLP-1 secretion and intestinal L cell viability. Inhibition of miR-425-5p reduced the mRNA expression of proglucagon and the TOP/FOP ratio, increased PTEN protein level, and inhibited cell viability. In LPS-treated GLUTag cells, miR-425-5p increased the level of β-catenin by targeting PTEN, and β-catenin acted as a cis-acting element to induce the transcription of proglucagon and promote the secretion of GLP-1.Conclusion:In LPS-induced intestinal L cells, miR-425-5p promotes the expression of GLP-1 by targeting PTEN to modulate β-catenin.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885110

ABSTRACT

Three cases of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH)with central diabetes insipidus as the first manifestation were reported, with the summary of their clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging examinations, pathological results, diagnosis process, and treatment response. All three patients presented with central diabetes insipidus in the early stage. The pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)showed thickened pituitary stalks, and all lost the normal high signal of the posterior pituitary. Two patients showed isolated hypothalamic-pituitary lesions, while one case showed pituitary and thyroid systems involvement. Pathological findings showed typical Langerhans cells, immunohistochemistry showed positive for S-100, CD1a, Langerin. The clinical manifestations of LCH manifested distinct heterogeneity, which is easy to be misdiagnosed and left out. The diagnosis should be confirmed by pathological examination. The biopsy of isolated hypothalamic-pituitary lesions is difficult. It is recommended to actively screen other organs to increase the probability of biopsy. LCH-induced neurohypophysis requires life-long hormone replacement therapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of continuous light exposure on skeletal muscle fiber type transformation and lipid metabolism, and to explore its internal relationship.Methods:Mice were randomly divided into normal light group and 24-hour continuous light group by random number table. The serum and skeletal muscle lipid content and urine 6-sulfatoxymelatonin(6-SML)level were detected by ELISA. The expression of circadian clock and lipid metabolism related genes mRNA were observed by realtime PCR. The muscle fiber type and lipid deposition were evaluated by tissue immunofluorescence as well as oil red O staining.Results:Compared with the normal light group, the level of 6-SML in urine at night decreased( P<0.05), and the expression level and rhythm of brain and muscle ARNT-like protein 1(Bmal1), circadian locomotor output cycles protein kaput(Clock), and period 2(Per2)mRNA in the skeletal muscle changed in continuous light group. In addition, the body weight, blood lipid, free fatty acid, and triglyceride contents of skeletal muscle in continuous light group increased significantly( P<0.05 or P<0.01), the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1b (Cpt1b)mRNA, the key enzyme of fatty acid oxidation, decreased significantly( P<0.05), while the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase(Scd1)mRNA, a lipid synthesis related gene, increased significantly( P<0.01). Further immunofluorescence analysis showed that the proportion of slow muscle fibers decreased and that of fast muscle fibers increased in continuous light group(both P<0.05). Conclusion:The process of ectopic deposition of lipid in skeletal muscle in mice induced by continuous light exposure may be related to the remodeling of skeletal muscle fibers.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of a 21-hydroxylase deficiency boy with central precocious puberty caused by complex heterozygous mutation of CYP21A2 gene.Methods:The child was symptomatic of rapid growth and secondary sexual characteristics at the age of 6. The diagnosis of central precocious puberty was confirmed by serum testosterone, gonadotropin levels, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test. 21-hydroxylase deficiency was diagnosed clinically based on the serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels, and images on the computed comography (CT) of the adrenal glands.Results:The CYP21A2 gene was detected to have a compound heterozygous mutation by Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. During the 3 years follow-up, the effects of glucocorticoids, GnRH analogs, and recombinant human growth hormone were regularly monitored and evaluated.Conclusions:Glucocorticoid replacement followed the principle of the lowest effective dose. GnRH analogs showed an effective inhibition of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis, while recombinant human growth hormone had no such growth-promoting effect.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prenatal diagnosis, parental verification and pregnancy outcome of 6 fetuses with 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#Copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq)and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were carried out for the fetuses.@*RESULTS@#The fetuses were found to harbor 2.54-3.2 Mb microdeletions of the 22q11.2 region, among which one was maternally inherited and one was paternally inherited. Two parents opted to continue with the pregnancy, and 4 chose induced labor. One fetus was found to have tetralogy of Fallot, while two carrier parents and one fetus appeared to have normal phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#22q11.2 microdeletions identified upon prenatal diagnosis should be treated carefully, with ultrasonic scan and parental verification taken into account.


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetus , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine associations of sex hormone levels with bone turnover markers(BTMs) among men in the Northeast region of Henan Province.Methods:From December 2015 to March 2016, 707 male subjects were selected from a National Epidemiological Survey-2014(Thyroid Disorders, Iodine status and Diabetes, TIDE)research—Henan sub-center survey by using multistage stratified cluster random sampling. Fasting venous blood was collected to determine the levels of luteinizing hormone(LH), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), estradiol(E 2), testosterone(T), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione(AD), sex hormone binding globulin(SHBG), dihydrotestosterone(DHT), free testosterone(FT), osteocalcin(OC), pro-collagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(PINP), C-terminal-cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen(β-CTX), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], and parathyroid hormone(PTH). Results:A total of 697 men with an average age of(46.6±15.9)years were included in the study. Pearson correlation analysis showed that age was positively associated with LH, FSH, T, and SHBG, while negatively associated with E 2, DHEAS, AD, FT, β-CTX, OC, and PINP, without significant correlation with DHT, 25(OH)D, and PTH. Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression analysis showed that E 2 was negatively associated with β-CTX; T was positively associated with OC, FSH was negatively associated with OC; LH, FSH, and SHBG were negatively associated with PINP; E 2, T, FT, DHT, and AD were positively associated with PINP. After adjusting for age and BMI, linear regression analysis showed that T was still significantly positively associated with OC and PINP, with 0.302 ng/ml and 0.015 ng/ml increasing for OC and PINP every 1 ng/ml increase in T; E 2 and DHT were positively associated with PINP, with 0.250 and 0.047 ng/ml increasing for PINP every 1 pg/ml increase in E 2 and DHT. Conclusions:Age is an important factor influencing sex hormones and BTMs. Serum levels of T, E 2, and DHT are associated with bone formation and bone absorption markers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870070

ABSTRACT

The study was initiated from a child with diabetes. After we collected his clinical data and traced back his family history of diabetes, a clinical diagnosis of maturity-onset diabetes of the young(MODY)was made. To amplify and sequence the target gene, the genomic DNA was extracted from the anticoagulant blood samples of the patient and his first-degree relatives, revealing a missense mutation(c.779C>T)in exon 4 of hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α in the proband and his father. The above sequencing result confirms the diagnosis of MODY3. During one year follow-up, the proband achieved the strict control of blood glucose with the use of repaglinide and his father got a notable improvement of blood glucose after his drug was shifted to the long-acting sulfonylurea.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differential diagnosis methods between nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency(NC21-OHD) and polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS).Methods:The clinical data of 31 women with NC21-OHD were compared with those of 29 women with PCOS.Results:Women with NC21-OHD showed a higher prevalence of adrenal hyperplasia and lower likelihood of polycystic ovary(PCO) than those with PCOS( P<0.05), with lower height( P<0.05). The levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 17-hydroxyprogesterone(17-OHP), androstenedione(AD), total testosterone(TT), and progesterone were higher in women with NC21-OHD compared with those with PCOS( P<0.05). Women with PCOS had higher levels of luteinizing hormone(LH) and higher ratio of LH to follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) than those with NC21-OHD( P<0.05). The best two identification indexes for the two diseases were 17-OHP and progesterone, with the optimal cut-off points 3.34 ng/ml(sensitivity 89.7%, specificity 93.1%) and 0.64 ng/ml(sensitivity 90.0%, specificity 75.9%), respectively. During the 1-day mid-dose dexamethasone suppression test(DST), women with NC21-OHD had higher inhibition rates of 17-OHP, progesterone, AD, and TT( P<0.01) than those with PCOS. Their optimal cut-off values of suppression rates were 73.5%(sensitivity 95.2%, specificity 100.0%), 55.5%(sensitivity 100%, specificity 88.9%), 61.4%(sensitivity 84.2%, specificity 100.0%), 68.3%(sensitivity 65.0%, specificity 100.0%), respectively. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of women with NC21-OHD are similar to those with PCOS. 17-OHP is the best differential indicator and the 1-day mid-dose DST plays an important role in the identification of the two diseases. Genetic analysis is the gold standard for distinguishing the two diseases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of abdominal fat distribution with glycolipid metabolism and diabetic complications in patients with T2DM.Methods:Totally 357 inpatients with T2DM were collected from the Endocrinology Department of our hospital. All patients received quantitative computed tomography to measure the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and were divided into three groups depending on the tertile of VAT value: T1 group (VAT<162.0 cm 2), T2 group (162.0≤VAT<221.1 cm 2), T3 group (VAT≥221.1 cm 2). The incidences of diabetic kidney disease, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, peripheral atherosclerosis, and cardia-cerebrovascular disease were examined in all patients. Results:HbA 1C level in T1 group was higher than that in T3 group( P<0.05). High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in T1 group were higher compared with those in T2 and T3 groups ( P<0.05). Male proportion, age, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), triglyceride (TG), 24h urinary albumin, diabetic kidney disease and peripheral atherosclerosis in T2 and T3 groups were higher than those in T1 group ( P<0.05). Fasting C- peptide (FCP) and modified homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in T3 group were higher than those in T1 and T2 group ( P<0.01). VAT and SAT were positively correlated with BMI, FCP, and HOMA-IR (p<0.01). VAT was positively correlated with age, SBP, DBP, TG, 24h urinary albumin, diabetic kidney disease, peripheral atherosclerosis, and cardia-cerebrovascular disease ( P<0.05), while inversely correlated with HbA 1C, HDL-C, and eGFR ( P<0.05). SAT was positively correlated with total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( P<0.01), while negatively correlated with peripheral atherosclerosis ( P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that VAT was still a risk factor for diabetic kidney disease after adjusted by age, BMI, SBP and fasting plasma glucose( P=0.013). Conclusion:VAT and SAT are associated with blood lipids and insulin resistance, while VAT seems to be a risk factor for diabetic kidney disease.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of serum TRAb IgG subtypes in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO) at different stages and its value in assessing TAO activity.Methods:Forty-three patients with TAO, 30 patients with Graves′ disease (GD group), 19 patients with Hashimoto′s thyroiditis (HT group), and 50 healthy subjects (NC group)admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were collected from August 2018 to February 2019. According to the clinical activity score (CAS), the patients with TAO were further divided into the active period group (AP group, CAS≥3 points, 22 cases) and the inactive period group (IP group, CAS<3 points, 21 cases). The basic clinical data of subjects in each group were collected. The serum concentrations of FT 3, FT 4, TSH, thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), and thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody (TRAb) were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and the binding rate in percentage (B) of serum TRAb IgG and IgG subtypes were detected by ELISA. The positive rate in each group and relative content of positive samples were compared. Results:(1)Compared with HT group, the positive rates of IgG1 and IgG2 in TAO group and GD group were significantly decreased ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the relative content of positive TRAb IgG subtype among these disease groups ( P>0.05). (2)Compared with the IP group, IgG1(B) and the positive rates of IgG1 in the AP group were increased while IgG4(B) and the relative contents of IgG4 were reduced ( P<0.05). (3)IgG1(B)was positively correlated with TAO activity ( B=6.190, P=0.007), and higher IgG4(B)indicated more inclinations to the inactive period ( B=-16.390, P=0.052). (4) The area under the curve of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for TAO developing into active period assessed by activity rate was 0.859 (95% CI 0.746-0.973, P<0.05). When the activity rate was 4.29, the Jordon index showed the largest, with sensitivity of 81.8% and specificity of 81.0%. Conclusions:Elevated levels of TRAb IgG1 in the patients with TAO indicate a tendency to active period, while elevated levels of TRAb IgG4 indicate a tendency to inactive period. The activity rate can provide a reference for assessing whether TAO is active or not.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 808-812, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], parathyroid hormone(PTH)and bone turnover markers with the glomerular filtration rate(GFR)in elderly male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:The study included a total of 426 non-dialyzed male T2DM patients with a disease course of more than 10 years, of whom 206 aged 60-86 years(the elderly group, 69.8±5.7 years old)and 220 aged 40-59 years(the middle-aged group, 50.1±5.3 years old). According to the estimated GFR(eGFR)calculated using the CKD-EPI formula, patients in each group were divided into four subgroups: Group 1(at CKD1 stage), Group 2(at CKD2 stage), Group 3(at CKD3 stage)and Group 4(at CKD4/5 stage). Levels of 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone(PTH), procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP), and C-terminal telopeptide of type Ⅰ collagen(β-CTX)in each group were measured.Results:The median level of 25(OH)D was 17.10(11.30-21.60) μg/L in 426 patients, of whom 292(68.5%)showed vitamin D deficiency.The level of 25(OH)D decreased significantly in the elderly group compared with the middle-aged group(15.10 μg/L vs. 17.15 μg/L, Z=-2.165, P=0.030), while the proportions of patients with vitamin D deficiency were similar in the two groups(68.4% vs. 68.6%, χ2=0.002, P=0.966). With decreasing eGFR, the proportion of patients with vitamin D deficiency gradually increased in the elderly.In the elderly cases, compared with the Group 1 and Group 2, the level of 25(OH)D in Group 3 dropped significantly (10.85 μg/L vs. 16.80 μg/L, Z=-2.808, P=0.005; 10.85 μg/L vs. 15.60 μg/L, Z=-2.099, P=0.044), and Group 4 showed an even more pronounced decrease than Group 3(6.65 μg/L vs. 10.85 μg/L, Z=-1.956, P=0.048). The level of 25(OH)D decreased significantly in the middle-aged patients at the CKD4/5 stage.The levels of PTH and β-CTX were negatively correlated with the 25(OH)D level( r=-0.348 and -0.263, P<0.001), and the level of negative correlation was affected by eGFR. Conclusions:In non-dialysis elderly male patients with T2DM, PTH and bone turnover marker β-CTX levels are negatively correlated with the 25(OH)D level, and the negative correlations are affected by eGFR.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755759

ABSTRACT

To examine associations of 25?hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with sex hormone levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods A total of 697 male subjects were obtained from the thyroid disorders, lodine status and diabetes: a national epidemiological survey?2014 (TIDE) research??Henan sub?center survey through multistage stratified cluster random sampling from December 2015 to March 2016. The associations between 25(OH)D and sex hormones or cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed by linear regression analyses. Results The age of the subjects was (46.6 ± 15.9) years (19?85 years). Proportions of vitamin D deficient, vitamin D intermediate and vitamin D optimal were 9.3%, 13.1% and 77.6%, respectively. More subjects with vitamin D deficient were in urban area than in rural area (13.3% vs. 5.7%, P=0.001). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status, education, body mass index, waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA?IR), hypertension, diabetes, triglyceride, high?density lipoproteincholesterol, total cholesterol, low?density lipoprotein cholesterol and uric acid, linear regression analyses showed that every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels increased lg FT(FT=free testosterone) by 0.013ng/L (β=0.013, P=0.036), lg DHT (DHT=dihydrotestosterone) by 0.030 ng/L (β=0.030, P=0.019), and lg AD (AD=androstenedione) by 0.019 μg/L (β=0.019, P=0.008). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status and education, every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels lowered glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) by 0.051% (β=-0.051, P=0.027). Conclusions Higher 25(OH)D concentrations in men were associated with higher FT, DHT, AD and lower HbA1c levels.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791721

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the understanding of 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase deficiency ( 17OHD ) disease. Methods The clinical data of six patients suffering from 17OHD were analyzed retrospectively. Results Two patients with complete combined defect had typical clinical presentation, including absence of secondary sexual characteristics, primary amenorrhea, hypertension, hypokalamia, lower gonadal hormone levels, as well as elevated corticotropin and progesterone levels. TAC329AA homozygous mutation,IVS1+2T>C, and c.775 776delAT complex heterozygous mutation were found in 2 cases. Four cases of partial combined defect showed high progesterone, lower gonadal hormones and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels. Three females (46, XX) showed spontaneous menstrual and primary infertility, and two of them got successful pregnancy with assisted reproductive technology. TAC329AA heterozygous mutation was found in those 4 cases. Conclusions TAC329AA mutations are common in 17OHD, and heterozygous or homozygous mutation of TAC329AA may be the genetic and molecular basis for determining whether these patients present as partial or complete defect. The elevated plasma progesterone in non-pregnancy combined with lower gonadal hormones and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate is the main character of patients with partial 17OHD. Less severe patients may be able to get successful pregnancy with assisted reproductive technology.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with sex hormone levels and cardiovascular risk factors.@*Methods@#A total of 697 male subjects were obtained from the thyroid disorders, lodine status and diabetes: a national epidemiological survey-2014 (TIDE) research--Henan sub-center survey through multistage stratified cluster random sampling from December 2015 to March 2016. The associations between 25(OH)D and sex hormones or cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed by linear regression analyses.@*Results@#The age of the subjects was (46.6±15.9) years (19-85 years). Proportions of vitamin D deficient, vitamin D intermediate and vitamin D optimal were 9.3%, 13.1% and 77.6%, respectively. More subjects with vitamin D deficient were in urban area than in rural area (13.3% vs. 5.7%, P=0.001). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status, education, body mass index, waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), hypertension, diabetes, triglyceride, high-density lipoproteincholesterol, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and uric acid, linear regression analyses showed that every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels increased lg FT(FT=free testosterone) by 0.013ng/L (β=0.013, P=0.036), lg DHT (DHT=dihydrotestosterone) by 0.030 ng/L (β=0.030, P=0.019), and lg AD (AD=androstenedione) by 0.019 μg/L (β=0.019, P=0.008). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status and education, every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels lowered glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) by 0.051% (β=-0.051, P=0.027).@*Conclusions@#Higher 25(OH)D concentrations in men were associated with higher FT, DHT, AD and lower HbA1c levels.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796352

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the understanding of 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase deficiency(17OHD)disease.@*Methods@#The clinical data of six patients suffering from 17OHD were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#Two patients with complete combined defect had typical clinical presentations, including absence of secondary sexual characteristics, primary amenorrhea, hypertension, hypokalamia, lower gonadal hormone levels, as well as elevated corticotropin and progesterone levels. TAC329AA homozygous mutation, IVS1+ 2T>C, and c. 775_776delAT complex heterozygous mutation were found in 2 cases. Four cases of partial combined defect showed high progesterone, lower gonadal hormones and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels. Three females(46, XX)showed spontaneous menstrual and primary infertility, and two of them got successful pregnancy with assisted reproductive technology. TAC329AA heterozygous mutation was found in those 4 cases.@*Conclusions@#TAC329AA mutation is common in 17OHD, and heterozygous or homozygous mutation of TAC329AA may be the genetic and molecular basis for determining whether these patients present as partial or complete defect. The elevated plasma progesterone in non-pregnancy combined with lower gonadal hormones and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate is the main character of patients with partial 17OHD. Less severe patients may be able to get successful pregnancy with assisted reproductive technology.

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