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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 455-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923151

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the current situation and research update on campus air quality in China, and to provide reference for effective campus environment improvement.@*Methods@#The documents of China national knowledge internet (CNKI) from 1980 to 2020 were extracted and the key words related to campus air quality were analyzed by CiteSpace software. Microorganisms, formaldehyde and benzene were selected, data of 200 literatures were classified and sorted out in different functional areas.@*Results@#Studies on campus air quality in China has been increasing gradually since 2004, especially focusing on indoor air, PM 2.5 and benzene series. The primary microorganism in the air environment of Chinese campuses was bacteria with the concentration of 2 309.31 cfu/m 3 . The ranking of the overall load of bacteria in air of different functional areas was consistent with that of microorganisms: living service area > landscape leisure area > public transport area > scientific research and teaching area > administrative office area > sports activity area. The average value of microbial indicators in indoor air of computer room, office area and campus living areas were more likely exceed the standard. The formaldehyde concentration in the computer room and reading room was high. The health of students exposed to formaldehyde and benzene on campus evaluated by using the evaluation model of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency proved out to be in the safe range.@*Conclusion@#The concentrations of microorganisms, formaldehyde and benzene in campus environment mostly meet the requirements. Further measures need to be taken to reduce microbial concentration and strengthen formaldehyde monitoring and pollution source management in computer room and reading room.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the changes of corneal asphericity and higher-order aberrations after smart pulse technology-assisted transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (Smart) for low and moderate myopia and to investigate the changes in the shape of the front corneal surface in patients with different diopters.Methods:A non-randomized controlled study design was used.Ninety-eight eyes of 54 patients with moderate or low myopia who underwent Smart surgery in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital from November 2018 to March 2019 were included.The 41 eyes of 23 patients with low myopia were set as the low-myopia group, and 57 eyes of 31 patients with moderate myopia were assigned as the moderate-myopia group.The Pentacam anterior segment analysis system was used to measure Q value, index of surface variance (ISV), corneal higher-order aberration (HOA), corneal vertical coma (Z 3-1), corneal horizontal coma (Z 31) and spherical aberration (Z 40) before surgery, 1 month and 3 months after surgery.The anterior surface morphology was compared between the low-myopia and moderate-myopia group.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations between measurement parameters.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital (No.2019KY-17). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery. Results:Corneal Q value, ISV, HOA and Z 40 were 0.445±0.191, 26.973±5.611, 0.671±0.142 and 0.384±0.188, respectively, in the low-myopia group at one month after surgery, which were significantly increased than corresponding preoperative values of -0.273±0.817, 13.784±2.376, 0.433±0.687 and 0.231±0.062 (all at P<0.05). Corneal Q value, ISV, HOA and Z 40 were 0.693±0.203, 34.038±5.773, 0.874±0.216 and 0.520±0.129, respectively, in the moderate-myopia group at one month after surgery, which were significantly increased than corresponding preoperative values of -0.309±0.104, 14.838±3.992, 0.409±0.081 and 0.228±0.089 (all at P<0.05). Corneal Q values, ISV, HOA and Z 40 in the moderate-myopia group were higher than those in the low-myopia group at different time points after surgery, showing significant differences between the two groups (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative 1-month and 3-month corneal Z 3-1 and Z 31 between the two groups (both at P>0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that there were no significant differences in ΔQ value and ΔISV between the two groups, both of which were negatively correlated with spherical equivalent (ΔQ value: low-myopia group: r=-0.364, P=0.044; moderate-myopia group: r=-0.589, P<0.01; ΔISV: low-myopia group: r=-0.298, P=0.039; moderate-myopia group: r=-0.409, P=0.022). ΔQ value and ΔZ 40 were positively correlated in the moderate-myopia group ( r=0.348, P=0.009); there was no significant correlation between ΔQ value and ΔZ 40 in the low-myopia group ( r=0.180, P=0.266). Conclusions:The corneal high-order aberrations and ISV after Smart are increased in comparison with preoperative values in the low-myopia and moderate-myopia eyes, and the corneal Q values change from negative to positive.The effect of Smart on corneal asphericity is less in the low-myopia eyes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754410

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the anti-tumor activity of mouse multi-subtype heat shock protein/peptide (mHSP/P) vaccine in combination with a programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor in mouse sarcoma. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining and en-zyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa) was used to quantitatively identify the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP70, HSP90, Grp94) in the sarcoma cell line MCA207. From the protein suspension prepared, mHSP/P and Grp94/peptide (Grp94/P) sarcoma vac-cines were isolated using chromatography and were identified by Western blot (WB). Flow cytometry was used to determine their cy-totoxic effects. The levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) produced upon mHSP/P and Grp94/P stimulation were measured by Elisa. The effect of sarcoma vaccines on the growth and survival of sarcoma was evaluated in mice. The expression of PD-L1 on the surface of MCA207 sarcoma cells was evaluated by immunofluorescent staining. The effect of IFN-γ treatment on the expression of PD-L1 was determined by WB. Animal experiments explored the effects of PD-L1 inhibitor in combination with mHSP/P treatment on tumors. Results: Tumor tissue carries a variety of HSP subtypes (HSP70, HSP90, Grp94). We successfully isolated sarco-ma tissue-derived mHSP/P and Grp94/P tumor vaccines, which were identified by WB; flow cytometry analysis demonstrated their cy-totoxicity. The levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α cytokines upon mHSP/P stimulation were significantly higher than that observed upon Grp94/P stimulation (P<0.05). The expression of PD-L1 on the surface of sarcoma cells increased with IFN-γ treatment. Animal experiments demonstrated that PD-L1 inhibitor in combination with mHSP/P significantly increased the immune response against tumor (P<0.05). Conclusions: Tumor-derived mHSP/P and Grp94/P can be used as tumor vaccines in animal models. The mHSP/P can elicit a stronger anti-tumor immune response than Grp94/P. IFN-γ stimulates the expression of PD-L1 in sarcoma cells, which results in immune eva-sion. The PD-L1 inhibitor in combination with mHSP/P increased the anti-tumor effect in the tumor microenvironment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 370-375, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707865

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate changes in the serum expression levels of decorin (DCN),chondroitin sulfate (CS) and C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type Ⅱ collagen (CTX-Ⅱ) and analyze the relationship between the expression levels and clinical characteristics,aiming to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment of arthritis.Methods Ninety subjects were divided into the osteoarthritis (OA),rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and control groups (n=30 for each group).The OA and RA patients were diagnosed in Department of Rheumatism Immunity of Shanxi Dayi Hospital,and the healthy volunteers who were doing physical check-up in the Physical Check-up Center of Shanxi Dayi Hospital were recruited as the control subjects.Visual analogue scale (VAS) was utilized to evaluate the degree of pain.X-ray was performed to assess the severity of joint lesions.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adopted to quantitatively measure the serum expression levels of DCN,CS and CTX-Ⅱ.The correlation among these parameters was statistically analyzed.Measurement data among different groups were statistically compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)and comparison between two groups was conducted by Tambane's T2.The correlation between two factors was analyzed by using Spearman correlation analysis.Results The difference of the serum expression levels of DCN in the OA,RA and control groups [(3.19±1.38) ng/ml,(1.90±0.62) ng/ml,(1.33 ±0.33) ng/ml] was statistically significant,which of the OA group was higher than the control group (P<0.01),which of the RA group was higher than control group (P<0.01),which of the OA group was higher than the RA group (P<0.001).The difference of the serum expression levels of CS in the OA,RA and control groups [(0.57±0.12) ng/ml,(0.95±0.47) ng/ml,(0.36±0.09) ng/ml] was statistically significant,in which,the OA group was higher than the control group (P<0.01),RA group was higher than control group (P<0.01),OA group was lower than RA group (P<0.01).The serum expression levels of CTX-Ⅱ in the OA and RA groups [(3.08±0.86) ng/ml,(3.03±1.14) ng/ml] were significantly up-regulated compared with those in the control group [(2.17±0.82) ng/ml](P<0.001,P=0.005).The expression level of CTX-Ⅱ did not significantly different between the OA and RA groups (P=0.996).In the OA and RA groups,the serum levels of DCN,CS,CTX-Ⅱ were po-sitively related to X-ray and VAS,the correlation of DCN was the highest,the correlation was high in both OA (r=0.777,P<0.01;r=0.622,P<0.01) and RA (r=0.640,P<0.01;r=0.493,P=0.006).Conclusion The serum levels of DCN,CS and CTX-Ⅱ in arthritis patients are significantly up-regulated compared with those in healthy controls,which are positively correlated with the degree of pain,and the severity of cartilage and bone defects.DCN is probably valuablein the differential diagnosis of early OA and RA.However,the clinical application remains to be further validated by evidence-based studies.

5.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 293-299, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610543

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the molecular evolution and spatio-temporal migration of Getah viruses (GETV) isolated around the world,the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of GETVs were analyzed and phylogenetic trees were constructed by using informatics software including ClustalX1.83,MegaAlign,GeneDOC and Mega6.0.The Bayesian Stochastic Search Variable Selection (BSSVS) program in the BEAST v 1.8.1 software package was used to analyze the spatial dynamics of the Getah virus.Results showed that the full-length of Getah virus E2 gene consists of 1 266 nueleotides,encoding 422 amino acids.And the homology of nucleotide and amino acid were 94.5% 100% and 96.4% 100% respectively.The molecular evolution analysis revealed that there were no species and geographical distribution difference existing among GETV host animals (e.g.horses and pigs) and vectors (e.g.mosquitoes).Bioinformatics analysis showed that GETV originated in Malaysia,then it was spread to Japan,China,South Korea,Mongolia,Russia,etc.GETV E2 gene was relatively stable since GETV was first isolated in 1955.The differences of species and geographical distribution did not exist among GETV host animals and vectors,and the virus has spread from tropical regions to Eurasian continent.Thus,strengthening the detection and monitoring of GETV and its infections in humans and livestock is critical.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637673

ABSTRACT

Background Researchers showed that posterior capsule opacification (PCO) may be associated with the materials of intraocular lenses (IOLs).However,there have long been controversies about the influence of IOLs materials on PCO pathogenesis.Objective This study was to compare the capsule biocompatibility of different materials of IOLs by observing the biological behavior of human lens epithelial cells (LECs) on the surface of IOLs,including adhesion,proliferation,epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the secretion of transforming growth factor-β2(TGF-β2),interleukin-6 (IL-6),matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in vitro.Methods Human lens epithelial cell line (HLE-B3) was cultured on the surface of hydrophobic acrylic (Acrysof SA60AT) IOLs,silicone (Crystalens HD) IOLs and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) IOLs for 6 hours and 24 hours,respectively.The number and morphology of HLE-B3 cells on the surface of IOLs were observed under the optical microscope.The proliferation states of the cells on the IOL surface were detected with cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8).The expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA),a mesenchymal cell marker,in the cells was detected by immunofluoreseence technology,and the EMT rates of HLE-B3 cells were calculated.The contents of TGF-β2,IL-6,MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the medium of IOL surface were measured by ELISA assay.The examination results were compared among different IOLs.Results Six hours after cultured,attached cells showed polygon and round in shape on the surface of Acrysof IOLs and Crystalens IOLs,while those on the PMMA IOLs showed the fusiform.Twenty-four hours after cultured,the cells extended obviously.On the surface of Acrysof IOLs and Crystalens IOLs,the adherent cells showed less cobble-stone like and more spindle shape;while those on the PMMA IOLs showed the typical fiber and some cells clustered the pearl rolls.The number of the cells on the Acrysof IOLs,Crystalens IOLs and PMMA IOLs was 0.238 4 ± 0.007 1,0.178 1 ±-0.006 6 and 0.158 9 ± 0.006 9 respectively,showing a significant difference among the three types of IOLs (F =475.947,P =0.000),and the number of the cells was much more on the Acrysof IOLs than that on the Crystalens IOLs or PMMA IOLs (both at P<0.001).The EMT rats of the cells on the Acrysof IOLs,Crystalens IOLs and PMMA IOLs were (9.99±3.80) %,(17.33±5.71) % and (84.16±10.48) %,with a significant difference among them (F =127.411,P =0.000),and the EMT rates of the cells on the PMMA IOLs were significantly higher than those on the Crystalens IOLs and A.crysof IOLs(both at P<0.001).There were significant differences in the contents of TGF-β2,IL-6,MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the medium on the Acrysof IOLs,Crystalens IOLs and PMMA IOLs (F =0.846,0.947,0.255,0.922,all at P > 0.05).Conclusions The hydrophobic acrylic IOLs have the best capsule biocompatibility followed by the silicone IOLs and then the PMMA IOLs.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 307-310, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of knocking down miR-19a on proliferation and apoptosis of human glioma cell line U251 in vitro.Methods U251 cells were cultured routinely.MiR-19a inhibitor was transfected into U251 cells by Lipofectamine 2000.At the same time,the negative control group and blank control group were established.The expression level of miR-19a was detected by RT-PCR.and cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay.The changes of cell apoptosis and cycle were monitored by flow cytometry.Results Compared with the negative control group and blank control group,qRT-PCR showed that the expression level of miR-19a was significantly reduced after transfection (F=124.72,P < 0.01).CCK-8 revealed that proliferation ability of miR-19a inhibitor group was significantly suppressed.The cell survival rate in miR-19a inhibitor group after 48 h was (48.27-±8.23) %,compared with the blank control group (100.00 %),the difference was statistically significant (t =12.45,P < 0.01).After low-expression of m iR-19a,the G0/G1 phase cells were increased and S phase cells were decreased.The low-expression of miR-19a could induce cell apoptosis.Conclusions Low-expression of miR-19a can inhibit cell proliferation,block G1/S transition and induce apoptosis in human glioma cell line U251.miR-19a may serve as an attractive target of gene therapy for glioblastoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296610

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluation the specificity and sensitivity of 5 kinds of serological detection methods about brucellosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To investigate in the 4 autonomous banner (Cha You Hou Qi, Right-Wing Central Banner of Kerqin Region, Linxi County and Siziwangqi Banner) of Inner Mongolia autonomous region from January to December, 2013. Accepting criteria: professionals of breeding cattle and sheep, and slaughter,accompanied by Bloom's disease suspected symptoms such as fever, fatigue,arthralgia, ranging in age from 25 to 55 years old. To collect suspected patients venous blood 3-5 ml in the morning, a total of 236 samples were collected. To detect the Brucella antibody by using plate agglutination test (PAT), tiger red plate agglutination test (RBPT), standard test tube agglutination test (SAT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immune colloidal gold method (GICA), SAT was taken as a golden standard, analyzed the sensitivity and specificity of RBPT and SAT, ELISA and GICA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SAT method of positive patients: 136 cases (57.6%). PAT method positive patients: 150 cases (63.6%). RBPT positive patients: 159 cases (67.4%), and 143 patients with ELISA method: positive (60.6%), 147 patients with positive GICA method (62.3%). The detection rate of Brucella antibody positive was different by different testing methods.There was no significant difference (χ(2)=0.52,P=0.264). To take the SAT method as the gold standard, PAT, RBPT, ELISA and GICA method of the sensitivity were 97.7% (133/136), 98.5% (134/136), 94.8% (129/136) and 94.1% (128/136), respectively. The specificity was lower,the rate were 70.0% (70/100), 75.0% (75/100), 86.0% (86/100) and 81.0% (81/100), respectively. The total coincidence rate were 86.0% (203/236), 88.5% (209/236), 91.1% (215/236) and 88.5% (209/236), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The specificity and sensitivity of ELISA and GICA method is higher in the diagnosis of disease. The two methods are rapid, GICA method can be used on-site testing, large sample test is suitable for using ELISA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Agglutination Tests , Methods , Animals , Antibodies, Bacterial , Blood , Brucella , Brucellosis , Diagnosis , Cattle , China , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Middle Aged , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sheep
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637538

ABSTRACT

Background The incidence of dry eye is growing.However,the early diagnosis of dry eye is still difficult up to now.Keratograph 5M analyzer,a novel noninvasive ocular surface analyzer for dry eye may offer important parameters.Objective This study was to evaluate the clinical value of Keratograph 5M analyzer for clinical diagnosis of dry eye.Methods An observational study was proceeded with 88 cases who accepted myopia diagnosis in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital from October to December 2013.A series of conventional dry eye-related examinations were performed on the patients,including tear film break-up time (TBUT),corneal fluorescein staining scoring,Schirmer Ⅰ test (S Ⅰ t),and then Keratograph 5M analyzer-related examinations were subsequently carried out,including noninvasive tear film break-up time (NITBUT) and conjunctival hyperemia scoring.The correlations between conventional dry eye-related examinations and Keratograph 5M analyzer-related examinations were assessed by using Spearman rank correlation analysis.Results A total of 88 patients were recruited with male 32 and female 56.No significant difference in age was found between different genders (P =O.34).In 88 patients,Keratograph 5M analyzer showed the non-dry eyes in 15 patients,suspicious 44 patients (50.0%) and dry eyes in 29 patients (33.0%).However,the non-dry eyes were checked out in 39 patients and dry eyes were in 49 (55.7%) based on China Dry Eye Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment Consensus.The first NITBUT (NITBUTf) was less than the average NITBUT (NITBUTav) (P =0.00),and a positive correlation was seen between them (rs =0.62,P =0.00).Dry eye grade was significantly correlated with NITBUTf or NITBUTav or conjunctival hyperemia scoring (rs =-0.60,P =0.00 ; r,=-0.89,P =0.00 ; rs =0.24,P =0.02).A negative correlation was found between the conjunctival hyperemia scoring and NITBUTav (rs =-0.24,P =0.02).However,no significant correlation was seen between conjunctival hyperemia scoring and NITBUTf,TBUT,S Ⅰ t or corneal fluorescein staining scoring (rs=-0.13,P=0.22;rs=0.16,P=0.14;rs =-0.16,P=0.13;rs=-0.08,P=0.44).No significant difference was found between TBUT and NITBUTf (P =0.71).And TBUT was correlated with NITBUTf (rs =0.23,P =0.03),but not NITBUTav (rs =0.18,P =0.09).In addition,no significant correlations were seen between S Ⅰ t and NITBUTf or NITBUTav (rs=0.20,P=0.07;rs=0.05,P=0.66).Conclusions NITBUTav has an important significance in assessing overall ocular surface conditions.The conjunctival hyperemia score is one of refrent indicators to judge ocular surface status.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601351

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct lentiviral vectors containing peptide P1-GFP fusion genes.Umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells were infected with lentivirus carrying peptide P1 and GFP fusion genes.To inject the targeted umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells into mice and to detect GFP expression in the spleen.Methods Umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells were cultured with adhered tissues of umbilical cord smaller than 1 mm3 . Lentiviral vector containing P1-GFP fusion genes with engineering technology was constructed and infected the umbilical cord derive mesenchymal stem cells.Targeted umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells were intravenously injected in the mouse tail vein and after 18 hours GFP expression was detected with immunohistochamical staining of the spleen tissues.Results Harvested umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells grew well in culture medium. Green fluorescence on umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells were observed under fluorescence microscope at 18 hours after infected with lentivirus.Green fluorescence intensity of umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells was increasing over time and reached a peak at 72 hours.Umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells highly expressed CD105 (90.0%)/CD44 (98%) and CD73 (85.0%)/CD90 (98.5%) molecules.GFP expression was detected in the spleen after intravenous injection of targeted umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells in the mice 18 hours later.GFP expressing cells intimately contacted with lymphocytes.Conclusions Targeted umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells contain P1-GFP fusion genes are constructed.Targeted umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells can be targeted to mouse spleen and intimately contact with lymphocytes after intravenous injection.Our results lay the groundwork for further studies.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 587-591, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473045

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the synergistic proliferation-inhibiting and apoptosis-inducing effects of recombinant human-derived interleukin-24 (rhIL-24) and recombinant human-derived decorin (rhDCN) on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG2.Methods Cellular growth and morphological changes of HepG2 cells were observed under the inverted microscope at 48 h after being transiently transfected with pcDNA3.1 (+)-IL-24 and pcDNA3.1 (+)-DCN by Lipofectamine.The proliferation-inhibiting effects of IL-24 and DCN on HepG2 cells,respectively and jointly,were observed with MTT assay at 24 h,48 h and 72 h post-transfection.Apoptosis and cell-cycle of HepG2 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry at 48 h post-transfection.Results Compared to control groups,the cells of target gene groups presented typically changes of proliferation inhibition and apoptotic morphology,which occurred obviously in co-transfection group.The results of MTT assay showed that at 48 h and 72 h post-transfection,the profiferation-inhibiting rates in the group of cells co-transfected with IL-24 and DCN were (31.88±6.57) % and (36.83±3.76) %,respectively,displaying significant difference with those of other groups (P < 0.01).The results of flow cytometry showed that IL-24 and DCN can induce HepG2 cells apoptosis to some extent.Compared to the early apoptosis rate of cells of control groups,plasmid (2.98±0.72) %,blank cell (3.50±0.92) %,IL-24 (20.01±1.08) % and DCN (22.20±0.91) %,a statistically remarkable apoptosis rate,(32.56±0.90) %,can be seen in the group of cells treated with IL-24 and DCN jointly (P < 0.01).The result of cell cycle analysis revealed that,compared to control groups,the proportion of cells was higher in the phase of G2/M in the IL-24 group (11.24±0.35) % and in the phase of G0/G1 in the DCN group (77.93±0.67) %.The proportions of cells in the phases of G2/M increased to (71.36±0.60) % and that of G0/G1 statistically increased to (10.39±0.67) % in the group of cells co-transfected with IL-24 and DCN (P < 0.01).Conclusions Combinatorial treatment of HepG2 cells with IL-24 and DCN can exert stronger synergistic proliferation-inhibiting effect and apoptosisinducing activity-in comparison to single therapies.IL-24 and DCN can induce cell cycle arrest on HepG2 cells,occurred in the phase of G2/M and G0/G1,respectively.Promoting effect of cell cycle arrest in the phase of both G2/M and G0/G1 can be seen on HepG2 cells co-transfected with IL-24 and DCN,which maybe the possible mechanism of the synergistic proliferation-inhibiting and apoptosis-inducing effect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 361-365, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435119

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of low dose amitriptyline (AMT) on gastrointestinal function and its adverse effects in healthy volunteers.Methods In this randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled cross-over study,28 healthy volunteers were divided into AMT with placebo group (n=14) and placebo with AMT group (n=14).The former took AMT for seven days at first stage,followed with a 14 days wash out stage and then took placebo for seven days at second stage.Patients of the latter group took medication in reverse order.The dose of medication was 12.5 mg three times per day.The subjects underwent drinking-ultrasonography test and lactulose hydrogen breath test before taking medication and between the seventh and eighth day of first and second stage.The data were analyzed by two stages cross-over analysis,Wilcoxon signed-rank test and chi-square test.Results The results of drinking-ultrasonography test showed that there were no significant differences in proximal gastric cross-sectional area between AMT and placebo after drinking 200,400,600 and 800 mL water (all P> 0.05).After drinking 800 mL water,there were no significant differences in gastric liquid emptying rate between AMT and placebo at the fifth and the tenth minutes (both P>0.05).After drinking 600 mL and 800 mL water,the visual analogue scale (VAS) of AMT was significantly lower than that of placebo (2.98±0.85 vs 3.57±0.94,Z=4.412,P<0.01; 4.57±0.98 vs 5.57±0.82,Z=4.170,P<0.01).The results of lactulose hydrogen breath test revealed that orocecal transit time of AMT was obviously longer than that of placebo ((109.29±29.68) min vs (96.61±23.90) min,F=9.918,P<0.01)).The common adverse effects were mild sleepiness,bitter taste and dry mouth.Conclusions Low dose AMT can prolong orocecal transit time and improve gastric sensitivity,but can not significantly affect proximal gastric accommodation and gastric liquid emptying.The adverse effects are mild and the safety is good.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472077

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the anti-tumorigenesis function of rhDCN on the leukemia K562 cells in vitro and analyze the possible mechanism.Methods Exponential phase of K562 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1(+)-DCN,and PBS,liposome alone,and pcDNA3.1(+) vector were as control groups.Morphology change of K562 cells was detected by Wright stain,and cell proliferation activity was detected by MTT. Cell cycle and apoptosis of K562 cells were assessed by FCM. The expression of apoptosis-related protein,including bcl-xl,Mcl-1 and Bax were detected by Western blot.ResultsWright stain showed that typical apoptotic morphology of K562 cells were observed in DCN transfected group.There were no morphological changes of apoptosis in other groups. MTT method results showed that proliferation inhibition rate of the transfected cells [24 h (16.14±1.08) %,48 h (14.07±1.01) %,72 h (20.29±1.19) %]was higher than that of the other control groups (P < 0.05).FCM results showed that the apoptosis index (20.15±1.31) %of the DCN transfected group was higher than that of the other groups (P < 0.05),and most of cells arrested in the G0/G1 phase (51.15±0.57) % (P < 0.05).Western blot results showed the expression levels of Bax were increased while bcl-xl and Mcl-1 were decreased in pcDNA3.1(+)-DCN/K562 group.ConclusionrhDCN can inhibit the growth of K562 cells and induce the apoptosis.The effect of DCN on bcl-xl,Mcl-1,Bax may play a role in its mechanism.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 600-602, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the proportion of Th17 cells and IL-17 expression in the peripheral blood and their clinical significance in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods The proportion of Th17 cells determined by flow cytometry (FCM) and IL-17 detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The data was analyzed from 60 untreated patients with NSCLC (NSCLC group) and 20 healthy volunteers (control group).Results The Th17 cells proportion in CD+3 T-cells in NSCLC group was significantly higher than that in control group [(1.23±0.41) % vs (1.05±0.28) %,t =1.679,P =0.097].The expression levels of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of patients with squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than that in adenocarcinoma patients [(1.31±0.39) % vs (1.09±0.41) %,t =2.093,P =0.041].The concentration of IL-17 of patients with NSCLC was significantly higher than that in control group [(21.11±7.87) pg/ml vs (17.64±5.07) pg/ml,t =2.280,P =0.027].The expression levels of serum IL-17 of squamous cell carcinoma patients was significantly higher than that of adenocarcinoma patients [(23.11±8.73) pg/ml vs (18.54±6.38) pg/ml,t =2.203,P =0.032].As clinical stage progressed,the proportion of Th17 cells and IL-17 expression were significantly downtrend [F =3.151,P =0.032,F =4.132,P =0.010].Conclusion The levels of Th17 cells and IL-17 in the peripheral blood of patients with NSCLC significantly correlated with the pathological types and TNM stage,might play an important role in the course of the disease.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421876

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the level of fibrinogen in pleural effusion in tuberculous and malignant pleural effusion in content and nature of the diagnostic value of pleural effusion. MethodsCoagulation in STAGOcompact automated analyzer was determined to detect 42 cases of tuberculous pleural effusion and 38 cases of malignant pleural effusion levels of fibrinogen in patients with pleural effusion. ResultsThe level of fibrinopen in Tuberculous pleural effusion in malignant group was lover than that of tubeeculous group. Fibrinogen concentration of pleural effusion groups was significantly different( P < 0.05). Thickenig in tuberculous group was greater than that in malignant pleural group(P < 0.05). ConclusionThe determination of fibrinogen in pleural effusion had a considerable diagnostic value in differentiating tuberculosis from malignant pleural effusion.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 150-152, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472627

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the suppression effect, the apoptosis and TGF-β_1 mRNA expression of rhDCN and dororubicin(ADM) on leukemic K562 cell line. Methods K562 cells in Logarithmic growth phase were divided into Saline group, pcDNA3.1 (+)-DCN group, ADM group, and pcDNA3.1 (+)-DCN-ADM group. Morphology change of cell was detected by Wright stain, cell proliferation activity was assessed by MTT. The apoptosis index of K562 cells was assessed by FCM, and TGF-β_1 mRNA of cell was assessed by RT-PCR. Results Wright stain showed that more pronounced morphological apoptosis changes of K562 cells in combined group. MTT method results showed that the proliferation inhibition rate of the combined group was (61±1.32) % higher than that of individual intervention group [DCN group, (20±1.90) %; ADM group, (47±1.04) %](P <0.05). FCM results showed that the apoptosis index of the combined group was (61.30± 0.9) %, higher than that of Individual intervention group [DCN group, (28.25±1.3) %; ADM group, (31.85± 1.5) %](P <0.05). TGF-β_1 mRNA synthesis of combined group was significantly decreased. Conclusion rhDCN can markedly enhance cytotoxicity of ADM on K562 cells, and the mechanisms of apoptosis may be due to down-regulation of TGF-β_1 mRNA. Specific mechanisms will be further studied.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 239-241, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381072

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore if the tumor cell can up-regulate the proliferation of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells. Methods Lymphoma cell EL-4 supernatant was combined with the normal mise spleen lymphocyte. After cultured 72 hours, CD4+CD25+ subset were analyzed by flow cytometry and the gene expression level of the specific marker Foxp3 were tested by RT-PCR. The experiment repeated three times. Results The supematant derived from EL-4 can increase the proportion of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells in normal mouse spleen lymphocytes than that of the control group. Moreover, when added the CD3 McAb with EL-4 supematant together, the number of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells increased. The level of corresponding Foxp3 mRNA also increased. Conclusion These data suggested that in the supernatant may occur immune regulatory factors which up-regulated the number of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells and indicated that the tumorigenesis can facilitate proliferation of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 358-360, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380993

ABSTRACT

The human interleukin-24 gene (hIL-24),alse referred to as melanoma differentiation associated gene-7 (MDA-7), is a novel cancer-selective apoptosis-inducing eytokine gene with broadspectrum antitumor activity. Multiple data have demonstrated that treatment of tumors with a combination of IL-24 and other strategies such as drug therapy, radiation, dual gene therapy and so on, caused synergistic antitumor effects. These results will provide a impetus for further combination therapy in various tumors.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 298-300, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380968

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the regulatory effect of recombinant human DCN on the expression of HLA class Ⅰ, Ⅱ molecule on hepatoma carcinoma cell HepG2 and investigate the relatively immune mechanism of human DCN on enhancing anti-tumor effect. Methods After transfected HepG2 cells with pcDNA3.1 (+)-DCN by liposome transfection, the expression of HLA class Ⅰ , Ⅱ molecule and the apoptotic indexes were analyzed by the flow cytometer. Results The expression of HLA class Ⅰ , Ⅱ molecule on the HepG2 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1 (+)-DCN was up-regulated with the apoptosis indexes being significantly higher than that of other control groups. Conclusion The human DCN can induce HepG2 apoptosis and up-regulate the expressions of HLA class Ⅰ , Ⅱ molecule which may contribute to its antitumor effect.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 765-768, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380459

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value and the clinical significance of six tumour markers of pleural effusion and serum in patients with lung cancer by detecting tumour marker and pleural effusion cytological examination. Methods Carcinoembryanic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9),squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), neuron specific enolase(NSE), cytokeratin 19 fragments(CYFRA21-l)and progastrin releasing peptide (ProCRP) levels in pleural effusion and serum sample from 50 cases of lung cancer and 30 cases of benign lung disease were detected by chemical and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.At the same time, the specimen of patients from pleural effusion was examinated by cytological method.According to the data above, the rational clinical diagnosis value were established by ROC curves. Results Six tumour markers in pleural effusion of lung cancer were higher than those of benign lung diseases, CEA,CA19-9, CYFRA21-1 and ProGRP were the highest group (P<0.05). The ratio of CEA, serum CYFRA21-1and CEA levels in pleural fluid and serum (P/S) in the group was the largest area under the ROC curve.Conclusion Pleural fluid CEA, the ratio of CYFRA21-1 and CEA levels in pleural fluid and serum (P/S) is helpful to differentiating benign and malignant pleural effusion diseases.The diagnostic value of pleural fluid CEA is important.

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