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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924166

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and identify the underlying risk factors among drug users in Taizhou City of Zhejiang Province during 2009‒2020. MethodsA consecutive cross-sectional survey was conducted. A total of 400 drug users in correctional settings were randomly selected from April to August. The drug users were interviewed with a questionnaire to collect demographic characteristics, AIDS-related knowledge, detoxification service, drug use, and sexual behavior. Blood samples were then collected for anti-HCV antibody testing. Chi-square test and multivariate conditional logistic regression were used. ResultsA total of 5 042 drug users were included in this study. Seroprevalence of HCV was determined to be 22.7%. From 2009 to 2019, the seroprevalence showed a significant downward trend, from 34.9% to 8.8% (χ2=221.025, P<0.001). However, in 2020, the seroprevalence was 12.7%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that senior age (≥25 years old), cohabitation, taking traditional or mixed drugs, injection drug use, and needle sharing were risk factors associated with HCV seroprevalence. ConclusionSince 2009, HCV seroprevalence among drug users in Taizhou City has shown a downward trend, however, it has increased slightly in 2020. It warrants strengthening prevention and treatment measures in response to risk factors related to HCV infection among drug users.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the performance of the commonly used whole blood C-reactive protein (CRP) detection systems and give related recommendation on the performance requirements of detection systems.Methods:A total of 7 540 venous blood samples from 26 maternal, child and children′s hospitals were collected to conduct this multi-center study on the analytical performance of 5 commonly used whole blood CRP detection systems from March to April in 2019. The blank check, carryover, repeatability, intermediate precision, linearity, sample stability, influence of hematocrit/triglyceride/bilirubin, comparison with SIEMENS specific protein analyzer and trueness were evaluated. The 5 systems included BC-5390CRP autohematology analyzer, AstepPLUS specific protein analyzer, Ottoman-1000 Automated Specific Protein POCT Workstation, i-CHROMA Immunofluorometer equipment Reader and Orion QuikRead go detecting instrument. The 5 systems were labeled as a, b, c, d and e randomly.Results:Within the 5 systems, all values of blank check were less than 1.00 mg/L, the carryovers were lower than 1.00%. The repeatability of different ranges of CRP concentrations including 3.00-10.00, 10.00-30.00 and>30.00 mg/L were less than 10.00%, 6.00% and 5.00%, respectively, and the intermediate precision was less than 10.00%. The linearity correlation coefficients of the 5 systems were all above 0.975, while the slope was within 0.950-1.050. Whole blood samples were stable within 72 hours both at room temperature (18-25 ℃) and refrigerated temperature (2-8 ℃). The CRP results were rarely influenced by high triglyceride or bilirubin, except for the immmunoturbidimetric test based on microparticles coated with anti-human CRP F(ab) 2 fragments. When triglyceride was less than 15.46 mmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. When bilirubin was less than 345.47 μmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. CRP was more susceptible to Hct on the systems without Hct correction. The deviation of CRP between different Hct dilution concentration and 40% dilution concentration can reach as high as 67.48%. The correlation coefficients ( r) of 5 systems were all more than 0.975 in the range of 0-300.00 mg/L compared with Siemens specific protein analyzer. All systems passed the trueness verification using the samples with specified values of 12.89 and 30.60 mg/L. Conclusion:The performance of 5 systems can basically meet the clinical needs, but it is suggested that the whole blood CRP detection system without automatic Hct correction should be modified manually.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907678

ABSTRACT

Objective:We study the clinical effect of (Traditional Chinese Medicine) TCM psychological sleep regulation technique in treating insomnia with deficiency of heart and gallbladder qi.Methods:A total of 60 patients from the Sleep Medicine Special Outpatient Department of Guang’anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, who met the inclusion criteria from June 2020 to March 2021, were divided into 2 groups with 30 in each group, by random number table method. The treatment group were treated with TCM psychological sleep regulation technology. The control group were treated with Zopiclone tablets for 4 weeks. We used the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) to assess the severity of insomnia, the self-developed TCM syndrome to assess the severity of symptoms, and the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes Scale to assess the unreasonable cognition related to sleep before and after treatment. The Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) was used to assess the safety of the 2 groups in the 4th week of treatment.Results:The total effective rate was 77.7% (23/30) in the treatment group and 80.0% (24/30) in the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.098, P=0.754). After treatment, the score of TCM syndromes in the treatment group (5.15 ± 2.66 vs. 8.98 ± 2.05, t=-1.552) was significantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05), and the DBAS-30 score (125.84 ± 20.57 vs. 82.89 ± 21.64, t=2.445) was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TCM psychological sleep control technology can improve the clinical symptoms of patients with insomnia, and heart and gallbladder qi deficiency. The efficacy is similar to that of Zopiclone, and it is superior to western medicine in improving beliefs and attitudes of sleep.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885640

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes in T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in children with active tuberculosis (TB) and their clinical significance.Methods:T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in peripheral blood samples of 106 patients with acute TB (TB group) and 106 healthy children (healthy control group) were detected by flow cytometry and compared between different groups.Results:The percentages of CD3 + T, CD4 + T and NK cells as well as the CD4 +/CD8 + T cell ratio were significantly lower in the TB group than in the healthy control group ( Z=-3.783, P=0.000; Z=-5.401, P=0.000; Z=-3.434, P=0.001; Z=-2.014, P=0.044). The percentages of double negative T (DNT) and B cells in the TB group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group ( Z=2.765, P=0.006; Z=6.880, P=0.000). No significant difference in the percentage of CD8 + T or double positive T (DPT) cells was observed between the two groups ( P>0.05). The expression of peripheral lymphocyte subsets varied in TB children of different age groups (0-<3, 3-<6, 6-<10 and 10-<16 years old). There were significant differences in CD3 + T, DNT and B cells among the four age groups ( H=10.081, P=0.018; H=14.583, P=0.002; H=8.498, P=0.037). The percentage of CD4 + T cells was significantly lower in children with extrapulmonary TB than in those with pulmonary TB ( Z=-3.068, P=0.002). No statistically significant difference in other lymphocyte subsets was found between children with extrapulmonary and pulmonary TB ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Tuberculosis could lead to immune dysfunction in children. Dynamic monitoring of the changes in peripheral lymphocyte subsets in children with TB could be conducive to better assessment of immune status and providing personalized treatment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-caused respiratory diseases in children in Hebei Province and the changes in peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and inflammatory indexes.Methods:A total of 9 491 sputum specimens and 9 491 paired peripheral blood specimens were collected from children admitted to Hebei Children′s Hospital for respiratory infection in 2018. RSV-positive sputum specimens were screened by multiple detection reagents for 13 kinds of respiratory pathogens. Flow cytometry was uses to detect T and B lymphocytes and NK cells in peripheral blood samples of randomly screened RSV-positive children. Procalcitonin (PCT) was measured by Roche E411 luminescence analyzer. Hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was detected by Roche Cobas 8000 C701 biochemical analyzer. White blood cells (WBC) were measured by Sysmex XN-BN3 hematometer.Results:The positive rate of RSV in children with respiratory diseases was 13.08% in Hebei Province in 2018. There were significant differences in RSV-positive rates among different age groups (χ 2=479.297 6, P<0.000 1). The positive rate of RSV decreased gradually with age (χ 2=-20.282 7, P<0.000 1) and was higher in male than in female (χ 2=34.552 7, P<0.000 1). The incidence of co-infection of RSV with other respiratory pathogens was 29.49% (366/1 241), mainly caused by human rhinovirus (HRV, 150/1 241) and adenovirus (ADV, 40/1 241). The main epidemic seasons of RSV infection were winter and spring. The epidemic trends of simple RSV infection and co-infection were consistent. There were significant differences in inflammatory indexes, WBC ( P<0.01), CD4 + ( P=0.015) and CD4 + /CD8 + cells ( P=0.016) between simple RSV infection and co-infection groups. Conclusions:RSV was a common pathogen causing respiratory diseases in children in Hebei Province. The younger the children were, the more likely they were to be infected with RSV. RSV infection was easily complicated by HRV or ADV infection. The epidemic seasons of RSV infection in Hebei were winter and spring. Both simple infection and co-infection of RSV might result in immune dysfunction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734970

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the molecular epidemiology of adenovirus ( ADV) causing acute respiratory diseases and to investigate the mixed infection of ADV and other respiratory pathogens in Hebei Province. Methods Sputum samples were collected from inpatient children with acute respiratory diseases at Children′s Hospital of Hebei Province between June 2017 and May 2018. Multiplex reverse transcription PCR assay was used to detecte 13 kinds of respiratory pathogens. Nested PCR was performed to amplify ADV hexon gene and the amplified products were then sequenced. Results A total of 353 ADV-positive speci-mens were detected in 8839 specimens with a positive rate of 3. 99%. Significant difference in the positive rate of ADV was not observed between male and female patients (χ2=0. 0003, P=0. 99), but found among different age groups (χ2=115. 69, P<0. 001). All isolated ADV strains belonged to 11 serotypes, which were type 1 (16. 15%, 57/353), type 2 (35. 98%, 127/353), type 3 (21. 25%, 75/353), type 4 (1. 13%, 4/353), type 5 (11. 33%, 40/353), type 6 (3. 97%, 14/353), type 7 (8. 22%, 29/353), type 31 (0. 28%, 1/353), type 41 (0. 28%, 1/353), type 55 (0. 28%, 1/353) and type 57 (1. 13%, 4/353). Among the 353 ADV-positive specimens, 259 were mixed infections mainly caused by ADV and human rhinovirus (35. 52%). ADV and respiratory syncytial virus co-infections accounted for 12. 74% and 33. 20% of the mixed infections involved three or more pathogens. ADV could be detected throughout the year, especially in September and April to May. The predominant serotypes were types 1, 2 and 3. The av-erage ages of the two groups of ADV infection alone and ADV mixed infection were (27. 56±24. 67) months and (21. 33 ±20. 28) months, respectively, and the difference between them was statistically significant (P=0. 037). The incidence of ADV 2 infection alone was 25. 77% (25/97), which was lower than that of ADV 2-involved mixed infection [39. 84% (102/256),χ2=6. 05, P=0. 014]. However, the rate of ADV 7 infection alone was significantly higher than that of ADV 7-involved mixed infection [16. 49% 16/97) vs 5. 08% (13/256),χ2=6. 05, P<0. 001]. Conclusion ADV 1, ADV 2 and ADV 3 were the predominant serotypes circulating in Hebei Province from June 2017 to May 2018, especially in September and April to May. The younger the patients were, the higher the incidence would be. ADV 2 was prone to cause mixed infections with other respiratory pathogens, while ADV 7 was less common in mixed infections. Younger pa-tients were more susceptible to mixed infections. The most common co-infection was caused by ADV and hu-man rhinovirus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806522

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To systematically review the diagnostic accuracies of multiplex real time polymerase chain reaction (MRT-PCR) technique for detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and adenovirus (ADV).@*Methods@#PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Wanfang and CNKI databases were searched from January1 2010 to January1 2018, to collect reports on MRT-PCR for detection of common respiratory viruses. Then two authors independently exacted the data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies by using the QUADAS-2 tool. Meta-disc 1.4.@*Results@#Ten articles with 2528 cases were eligible for analysis. The result of meta-analysis showed that, the pooled Sen, Spe and area under SROC curve, for detecting RSV were 0.87 (95% CI 0.83 to 0.90), 0.98 (95% CI 0.97 to 0.98) and 1.00. The pooled Sen, Spe, and area under SROC curve of MRT-PCR for detecting ADV were 0.64 (95% CI 0.56 to 0.71), 0.99 (95% CI 0.98 to 0.99) and 0.99. Deeks test indicated that no publication bias was found.@*Conclusions@#The sensitivity of MRT-PCR in RSV and ADV detection is still to be improved, but the overall detection ability is good which deserves to be recommended for clinical use.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667397

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR(T-ARMS-PCR)assay for detecting four single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs): rs1801133,rs1801131, rs1805087 and rs1801394 associated with folate metabolism in a single reaction tube.Methods Methodology was developed.Then, it applied the established method to analyze 150 physical examination children′s anticoagulant blood samples admitted to the Department of Clinical Laboratory, Children′s Hospital of Hebei Province from January 2017 to April 2017.Four sets of chimeric primers consisting of a universal Tag sequence and targeting rs 1801133,rs1801131,rs1805087 and rs1801394 fused to the specific sequence were designed according to the T-ARMS-PCR principle and the multiplex chimeric primers strategy.A single tube PCR was then conducted after optimizing the primer concentrations and the reaction conditions.The amplified products were analyzed by QIAxcel capillary electrophoresis, and the corresponding SNP genotypes of 150 samples were identified.Furthermore,all samples were verified by direct sequencing.And the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium(HWE)testing of four SNPs from 150 samples were conducted by SPSS17.0 Chi-square test.Results The improved T-ARMS-PCR combined with capillary electrophoresis can accurately verify eight different alleles of the four SNPs associated with folate metabolism at one time in 3 hours.Four SNPs of 150 whole blood samples were accurately classified and the results were completely consistent with direct sequencing.All the genotype frequencies of these four SNPs were in HWE (χ2rs1801133=0.69, Prs1801133=0.40; χ2rs1801131=0.21, Prs1801131=0.64; χ2rs1805087=3.32, Prs1805087=0.07;χ2rs1801394=1.91, Prs1801394=0.17).Conclusions The proposed improved T-ARMS-PCR combined with capillary electrophoresis in this study can accurately verify four SNPs associated with folate metabolism in a single reaction tube.This method might be a valuable tool to specifically guide the folate supplement in general population.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511701

ABSTRACT

Objective To type Streptococcus pneumoniae(S.pneumoniae) isolated from children, and provide scientific basis for the correct selection of S.pneumoniae vaccine.Methods 182 strains of S.pneumoniae were collected from Children's Hospital of Hebei Province in 2014, species of strains were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), types of strains were analyzed with multiplex PCR.Results PCR detection showed that cpsA gene amplification of 182 strains were all positive;multiplex PCR detection revealed that except 8 strains were not typed, the main types of the remaining 174 strains were 19 F (n=68, 37.36%), 19A(n=33, 18.13%), and 6A/6B (n=26,14.28%), the other types were 35B, 14, 6C/6D, 23F, 15B/15C, and so on.Conclusion The main types of 182 strains of S.pneumoniae are 19 F, 19A, and 6A/6B, which provide scientific basis for the correct selection of S.pneumoniae vaccine for this province.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669947

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia among adults in YiBin City. Meth?ods Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, 12000 subjects over 18 years old were identified in YiBin City. The subjects were screened using the insomnia survey self-edited and risk factors of insomnia were identified through logistic analysis. Results A total of 11227 subjects completed the survey in which 1671 people (14.9%, 95%CI:14.2%~15.5%) were diagnosed insomnia using ICD-10. Among them, 9.4% (157 patients) had seeked for professional help. The multi?variate logistic analysis showed that low level of life quality(OR=2.42,P<0.01), jobless(OR=1.87,P<0.01), over 60 years old(OR=1.69,P<0.01), fewer years of education(OR=1.41,P<0.01), female(OR=1.41,P<0.01)and lower annu?al per capita income(OR=1.15,P=0.01)were risk factors in insomnia people. Conclusion The incidence of insomnia is high in YiBin city. Sleep quality in high-risk group needs more attention and corresponding measures should be taken in order to increase the rate of asking for help in insomnia people.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465257

ABSTRACT

To expound the content of TCM psychology inspection. Through consulting ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign literature, summing up the mental and emotional disorders cases and clinical experience, we can obtain the inspection content of TCM psychology. Inspection includes facial inspection and position inspection. Facial inspection contains rich content, mainly including spirit, eyes, face expression and color. Inspection is one of the diagnostic methods of TCM psychology. It must be used in the process of mental disease diagnosis. Inspection can grasp the real state of the patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489064

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect twenty types/subtypes of respiratory viruses with the GeXP (genomelab genetic analysis system) based mRT-PCR (multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) assay,and discuss its value in pediatric respiratory viral infection.Methods A retrospective study was conducted on a total of 1 305 inpatient children (0-6 years old) admitted to the Department of Respiratory in Children's Hospital of Hebei Province from May 2014 to November 2014.The sputum samples were collected and the viral DNA or RNA was extracted.After examining the specificity and sensitivity,the GeXP-based mRT-PCR assay was performed to test 20 types/subtypes of respiratory viruses.The obtained results were evaluated in comparison with those of fluorescence real-time PCR and direct sequencing.Chisquare test was conducted by SPSS16.0.Results Among 1 305 hospitalized children,the positive rate of respiratory virus was 58.31% (761/1 305).The positive rate of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV,17.32%,226/1 305) was the highest followed by the parainfluenza virus 3 (PIV-3,16.02%,209/ 1 305),human rhinovirus (HRV,11.95%,156/1 305),adenovirus (ADV,5.06%,66/1 305),human bocavirus (HBoV,3.14%,41/1 305) and the parainfluenza virus 1 (PIV-1,2.07%,27/1 305).Multiple virus infection was found in 92 children (7.05%).The highest positive rate of respiratory virus was observed in 1-2 years old children (83.28%,249/299);the lowest rate was found in 5-6 years old children (37.68%,26/69).Conclusions The proposed GeXP-based mRT-PCR assay possessed the advantage of high throughput,sensitivity,specificity and rapidity in the detection of twenty types/subtypes of respiratory viruses.It provided a thorough investigation of viral pathogens involved in acute respiratory infection thus could satisfy the clinic requirement and provide epidemic data on the disease prevention.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482476

ABSTRACT

The Outline-style homework is introduced, which is one of the characteristic diagnostic methods of TCM psychology. The outline-style homework contents include①the painful, sad or aggrieving things.②the person(s) or object(s) or event(s) that your are/were afraid of.③the past events about love relationship and sex that you are reluctant or feel too ashamed to mention.④the most trusted, dependence, unforgettable person, and why.⑤the most relaxed , happy time, and why? It comes from the ancient Chinese emotional theory and modern TCM psychotherapy practice. Nowadays, this method is widely used to help doctors quickly collect the patient's mental condition, growth experience, and convenient for clinical treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462960

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of sleep-regulating technique of low resistance thought imprint psychotherapy (TIP3-2) for insomnia. Methods A total of 120 patients with insomnia were enrolled and randomly allocated to either a treatment group (60 patients) or a control group (30 patients). The patients in the treatment group and the control group were treated by TIP3-2 and zopiclone for 4 weeks, respectively. The therapeutic effect was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), polysomnography and the self-made sleep confidence scale. Results A total of 79 patients in the treatment group and 28 patients in the control group completed treatment. PSQI scores showed that overall sleep quality (1.3 ± 0.65 vs. 1.8 ± 0.50;t=6.378, P=0.000), daytime function (1.5 ± 0.89 vs. 2.1 ± 0.66;t=13.624, P=0.000) and total score (9.6 ± 3.35 vs. 12.4 ± 2.83;t=22.124, P=0.000) in the treatment group were significantly improved compared with the control group. Polysomnography showed significant difference between two groups in the times of awakening (3.4 ± 2.49 vs. 4.2 ± 4.02;t=4.196, P=0.043), and the percentages of sleep stages 1 and 2 (stage 1:35.0%± 19.42%vs. 43.0%± 23.31%, t=4.593, P=0.034;stage 2:40.3%± 16.47%vs. 34.9%± 16.57%, t=4.255, P=0.042). The total score of the sleep confidence scale in the treatment group showed a significantly improvement compared with the control group (8.6 ± 5.85 vs. 12.8 ± 3.84, t=11.346, P=0.001). Conclusion TIP3-2 can improve sleep confidence, have certain efficacy for insomnia, and may be superior to zopiclone.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446874

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the levels and clinical significances of IL-18,Caspase-3 and nerve tissue-specific protein S-100B at different disease extent and different stages of infants with hypoxicischemic encephalopathy (HIE).Methods This study was clinical experimental studies.Sixty-seven infants with HIE (23 cases of mild HIE,23 cases of moderate HIE,21 cases of severe HIE) from February 2008 to June 2009 in Hebei Children's Hospital were enrolled.The levels of IL-18,Caspase-3 and S-100B protein in all samples were measured at acute phase (1 d,3 d) and recovery phase (7 d) by ELISA method.Twenty healthy full-term neonates were selected as the normal control group.Multi-factor analysis of variance and Pearson correlation test was used for statistical analysis.Results The levels of the three indicators in the moderate and severe group were higher than the normal control group.In the moderate group,IL-18 levels were(132.15 ± 9.87),(150.31 ± 15.04) and (87.91 ± 9.93) ng/L,Caspase-3 levels were (5.79 ±0.64),(7.36 ± 1.57)and (3.79 ±0.61) μg/L,S-100B levels were(6.82 ±0.61),(9.62 ± 1.29) and (10.76 ± 1.64) μg/L.In the severe group,IL-18 levels were (160.23 ± 16.03),(189.86 ± 18.32) and (107.35 ± 13.02) ng/L;Caspase-3 levels were (6.86 ± 1.02),(9.54 ± 1.43) and (5.25 ± 0.71) μg/L;S-100B levels were(8.90 ± 0.32),(12.54 ± 0.89)and(13.53 ± 0.75) μg/L.In the normal control group,IL-18 levels were (71.08 ± 11.52),(72.53 ± 11.05) and (71.93 ± 11.30) ng/L; Caspase-3 levels were (2.84 ± 0.52),(2.98 ± 0.53) and (2.87 ± 0.52) μg/L; S-100B levels were (1.50 ± 0.25),(1.62 ±0.30)and(1.53 ±0.29) μg/L IL-18 levels,Caspase-3 levels and S-100B levels in severe group were higher than the moderate group and the mild group were higher than the mild group.IL-18 levels were (73.46 ± 4.77),(77.59 ± 4.02) and (72.87 ± 6.92) ng/L ; Caspase-3 levels were (3.13 ± 0.31),(3.63±0.40) and (3.26 ±0.45) μg/L;S-100B levels were(3.68 ±0.40),(5.851 ±0.63) and(6.95 ± 0.58) μg/L in the mild group.S-100B levels in the mild group were higher than that in the normal control group.The IL-18 and Caspase-3 levels were risen in the third day to the first day in the acute phase of the moderate group and severe group,decreased in the recovery phase.Serum S-100B protein levels in the acute and recovery phase increased gradually,and there was no correlation between the three indicators (r-=0.321,0.14,0.48,P=0.438,0.974,0.911 respectively).Conclusions IL-18,Caspase-3 and S-100Bwere involved in the pathophysiological process of HIE.The levels were closely related to the severity and disease progression of HIE,the severer of the illness,and the higher of the levels.Dynamic monitoring the changes of the three indicators may contribute to an early diagnosis,condition monitoring and prognosis of HIE.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573005

ABSTRACT

There are many discussions and researches on the positive role of security and negative role of insecurity. However, from the view of biology and evolution, insecurity should be exist when people were born. It makes human to think, then produce relevant behaviors. Just these thinking and behaviors produce culture, maintain psychological individual balance and realize personal value.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444916

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the electronic physiological mechanism of Low Resistance Thought Induction Psychotherapy (TIP) on depression.Methods 48 patients with depression were randomly divided into TIP group and Citalopram group.The observation period was 6 months.The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression(HAMD) was used to evaluate the efficacy,and Polysomnogram(PSG)was used to evaluate the electronic physiological mechanism.Results TIP had efficacy on reducing numbers of wake [before treatment (3.92±3.24),after treatment (2.38± 1.21),P<0.05]、REM time [before treatment (86.75 ±28.29),after treatment (63.19±28.11),P<0.01]、REM% [before treatment (23.89±6.84),after treatment (16.16±6.36),P<0.01].Citalopram had efficacy on increasing Sleep time [before treatment (350.52±50.71),after treatment (388.58±43.89),P<0.01]、number of REM [before treatment (3.71±2.87),after treatment (5.17±5.58),P<0.05]、S3+4 [before treatment (35.79±32.76),after treatment (56.77±34.21),P <0.05]、S3 +4% [before treatment (10.13 ± 9.20),after treatment (14.53 ± 8.66),P<0.05]、REM time [before treatment (66.39±29.22),after treatment(78.61 ±30.19),P<0.05].TIP had superior to Citaloprarn on regulating numbers of wake and REM time.Conclusions Electronic physiological mechanism of TIP treating depression is to regulat numbers of wake,REM time,REM%.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429803

ABSTRACT

Addendum was added to designing thought of sleep cognition information module of thought imprint psychotherapy under low resistant state (TIP) in this paper on the basis of past treatment experience.The main added contents included expected treatment information module,and cognitive information module according to the next sleep situation and possible future events.We hoped to provide some help to the psychotherapy of insomnia or better use of TIP.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442290

ABSTRACT

Many patients suffering from insomnia,especially chronic insomnia are treated by hypnotics.While taking hypnotics for long time will lead to drug dependence.How to fulfill gradual reduction of hypnotics has become one of the big problems doctor meet clinically.Drug dependence can be classified into two aspects.One is psychological,the other is pathological.Psychological treatment has advantage in the procedure of reducing drug.Thought imprint psychotherapy under lower resistance (TIP) which combines traditional Qigong,relaxation and cognitive-behavioral therapy of modern clinical psychology is a psychotherapy fit for Chinese.TIP techniques used during reduction procedure of hypnotics have been improved.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428898

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the early diagnosis value of IMA and D-dimer and cTn Ⅰ in ACS.MethodsAll the 113 blood samples of patients with chest pain in the emergency department of the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University were selected.Thirty healthy people were selected as the control group.Patients were divided into two groups:one of 52 cases was within 3 hours after onset of chest pain.the other of 61 cases was between 3 to 6 hours.According to the final clinical diagnosis,31 cases were divided into non-ischemic chest pain group (NICP) and 82 cases were divided into the ACS group.The ACS group was divided into the UA group (51 cases),NSTEMI group (18 cases) and STEMI group (13 cases).IMA was measured with albumin-cobalt binding test,and D-dimer was measured with the automated blood coagulation analyzer,and cTn Ⅰ was measured with the automatic biochemical analyzer.Levels of IMA,D-dimer,cTn Ⅰ were compared in the different groups and their sensitivity,specificity and accuracy to the early diagnosis of ACS were evaluated by Four format diagnositic test.ResultsThe levels of IMA in ACS group,which include the UA group,NSTEMI group and STEMI group were (0.722 ± 0.181 ),(0.601 ± 0.122),(0.631 ± 0.153 ) ABSU respectively.The levels of D-dimer were ( 0.485 ± 0.124 ),( 0.571 ± 0.181 ),(0.748 ± 0.094 ) mg/L respectively.The levels of cTn Ⅰ were ( 0.076 ± 0.027 ),( 0.059 ± 0.038 ),(0.065 ± 0.015 )μg/L respectively.Concentrations of IMA,D-dimer and cTn Ⅰ in ACS group were significantly higher than those of the NICP group [IMA (0.338 ± 0.065 ) ABSU,D-dimer (0.368 ± 0.078 )mg/L,cTn Ⅰ (0.022 ±0.007) μg/L] and the controls group [IMA (0.292 ±0.058) ABSU,D-dimer (0.267 ±0.052) mg/L,cTn Ⅰ (0.029 ± 0.016) μg/L].There were significant differences between the ACS group and the NICP group and the control group,F value was 3.613,3.289 and 3.521 respectivily,and P <0.05.The levels of IMA in ACS group within 3 hours and between 3 to 6 hours,which is (0.665 ±0.104 ),(0.520 ± 0.073 ) ABSU,were significantly higher than that of the controls (0.292 ± 0.058 ) ABSU ( F value was 3.58,P < 0.05 ).The levels of D-dimer and the cTn Ⅰ in the group between 3 to 6 hours [which were (0.634 ±0.213 ) mg/L and (0.079 ±0.032) μg/L] were significantly higher than those of the controls [(0.267 ±0.052) mg/L and (0.029 ±0.016) μg/L] (q was4.24 and 3.46,P <0.05).The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy was 83.36%,70.97% and 81.42% of the IMA in a separate diagnosis of ACS,but the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy were 97.56%,58.06% and 86.73% of the IMA,D-dimer and cTn Ⅰ with the affiliation diagnosis.ConclusionThe serum IMA is a more sensitive indicator of ACS in early myocardial ischemia than cTn Ⅰ and plasma D-dimer.Serum IMA in combination with D-dimer and cTn Ⅰ could improve the sensitivity and specitivity,and had value to guide cinical diagnosis of ACS in the early stage.

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