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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of forkhead box protein A2(FOXA2) on cell proliferation, migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma and the potential molecular mechanism.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 10 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma patients from Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were collected for study, including 7 males and 3 females, with an average age of 53 years. FOXA2 expression was detected in human liver cancer cell line, and the highest expression of FOXA2 was found in HepG2 cells transfected with FOXA2 overexpression plasmid. Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were used to detect the expression of FOXA2. Western blot was used to detect the expression of FOXA2, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), B-cell lymphofactor-2 (Bcl-2), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 7, and glucose transporter (GLUT) 1. EdU assay was used to study cell proliferation, and Transwell chamber assay was used to study cell migration and invasion.Results:The relative expression of FOXA2 in liver cancer tissues were lower than those in adjacent tissues both at mRNA and protein levels, with statistical significance (both P<0.05). FOXA2 overexpression group showed lower cell proliferation rate (30.0±3.2)%, migration rate (10.6±1.1), and invasion rate (12.8±0.8) comparing with negative control group (67.0±3.6)%, (81.0±5.4), (74.8±4.5). The difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Expression of HIF-1α and its downstream targets VEGFA, MMP7, GLUT1 and Bcl-2 was decreased after over-expression of FOXA2 in HepG2 cells. Conclusion:FOXA2 inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma by regulating HIF-1α signaling pathway, suggesting that FOXA2 is a potential target for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755957

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of donor/recipients' gender on delayed graft function (DGF) .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of donors (n=174) and recipients (n=265) during renal transplantation between May 1 ,2012 and December 31 ,2017 . Types of China donation after citizen's death ,age ,last creatinine level ,height ,weight ,body mass index (BMI) and protopathy of donors were collected .And pre-dialysis method ,dialysis time ,HLA mismatch ,post-creatine at Day 7 ,whether dialysis after transplantation ,height ,weight and BMI of recipients were analyzed .The data were checked by t and chi square tests and P<0 .05 was deemed as statistically significant .Results Donor gender had no correlation with DGF occurrence rate ( P=0 .689) while DGF occurrence rate among female recipients was evidently lower than that among males (P=0 .036);Female recipients selected peritoneal dialysis therapy more than male recipients (P=0 .023);Cerebral hemorrhage female donors were more than male donors (P= 0 .034);BMI (P<0 .001) and postoperative creatinine (P= 0 .001) among female recipients were evidently lower than that among males .Conclusions DGF occurrence rate is significantly lower among female receptors than that among males after kidney transplantation .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801297

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is an inevitable clinical phenomenon during the liver transplantation. The mechanism of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is complex, with reactive oxygen species, inflammatory factors, calcium overload, neutrophils and Kupffer cells involved. If injury continues to getting worsen, liver cells will undergo necrosis, apoptosis, and autophagy. Interventions for hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury mainly include ischemic preconditioning, drug pretreatment, chemical pretreatment, mild hypothermia pretreatment, and machine perfusion and gene-targeted therapy in recent years. With the indepth research of injury mechanism, new intervention methods continue to emerge, which will bring new ideas for clinical prevention and treatment of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 294-299, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709523

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of preemptive therapy versus universal prophylaxis in prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection post kidney transplantation.Methods Databases including the PubMed,EMbase,sinoMed,Web of Knowledge,the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails (CENTRAL) and other databases were searched up to December 2016 for controlled clinical studies which involved preemptive therapy and universal prophylaxis.Odds ratio (OR) and mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software to synthesize the results.Results 11 studies with a total of 2 560 patients were included in this Metaanalysis.Results showed that universal prophylaxis was superior to preemptive therapy in the total CMV infection and CMV disease(OR =3.38,95% CI 2.13-5.36,P <0.001;OR =1.69,95% CI 1.14-2.48,P =0.008),otherwise it was on the contrary in the late onset CMV infection and CMV disease (OR =0.07,95% CI0.02 ~0.19,P < 0.001;OR =0.08,95% CI 0.01-0.60,P =0.01).However,there was no significance in the short outcomes between the two groups including 1-year recipient and graft survival and renal function.In addition,preemptive therapy was superior to universal prophylaxis in the adverse events (OR =0.33,95 % CI 0.15-0.72,P =0.006).Conclusions There was no significant difference between the two prophylaxis in the prevention of CMV infection,but preemptive therapy was superior to universal prophylaxis in the prevention of anti-virus adverse effects.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609480

ABSTRACT

Objective To sum up the experiences in liver transplantations from donation after brain death (DBD),and compare the clinical effect,complications and influential factors with international situation.Methods The retrospective descriptive study was adopted.All the data of 66 DBD liver donors and the matched recipients from authors' affiliations during June 2010 and June 2013 were collected.Original articles,meta-analysis and data reports with high academic influence were read and data were analyzed with SPSS 22.0.Results The incidence of serious complications,vascular complications and biliary complications during the first year among 66 recipients was 21.2%,10.6%,and 6.1%,respectively.Compared to international situation,graft 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rate was similar (P>0.05) (83%,80% and 73% respectively),similar to that of recipients.There was no statistically significant difference in primary nonfunction and vascular complications between our center and other centers.As for biliary complications,morbidity was lower in our center (P<0.05).The 3-and 5-year survival rate of recipients was also similar (P>0.05),though the 1-year survival rate was slightly lower (P< 0.05).Conclusion These findings provide evidence that patient's prognosis under DBD liver transplantation in our center is acceptable,and long-term survival rate has reached international level.Still,1-year survival rate of recipients is unsatisfactory.In order to achieve a good clinical efficacy,we need to find out disadvantages during donor maintenance,recipient selection,surgical procedure and postoperative management.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617141

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare three different types of donor livers (C-Ⅰ,C-Ⅱ,C-Ⅲ) in clinical efficacy,complications and survival rate of liver transplantation.Methods Using the retrospective descriptive study method,the clinical data of 422 patients undergoing liver transplantation,including 124 cases of C-Ⅰ,81 cases of C-Ⅱ and 81 cases of C-Ⅲ in recent 6 years (from June 2010 to June 2016) were analyzed.The same surgical method was performed with piggyback liver transplantation.Observation indicators contained (1) recipient postoperative liver function;(2) the postoperative complications;(3) the recipient survival rate.SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for analysis.Results (1) The curative effect was evaluated by the changes of ALT and TBIL among three groups of recipients postoperatively.As compared with C-Ⅰ transplantation group and CⅢ transplantation group,the level of ALT in C-Ⅱ transplantation group was significantly increased (P <0.05),the clinical efficacy was poorer.(2) The incidence of PNF was 3.23% in C-Ⅰ group,9.88% in C-Ⅱ group and 9.88% in C-Ⅲ group (P<0.05).The incidence of acute rejection was respectively 9.68% in C-Ⅰ group,38.27% in C-Ⅱ group and 38.27% in C-Ⅲ group (P<0.001).The incidence of SIRS was respectively 5.65% in C-Ⅰ group,39.50% in C-Ⅱ group and 39.50% in C-Ⅲ group (P< 0.001).There were significant differences in the incidence of other complications among the three groups.(3) There were 14 deaths within 3 months,accounting for 17.28%,and the survival rate was 82.72% in C-Ⅱ group,the 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rate was 76.55%,74.18% and 76.55% respectively in C-Ⅰ group,and that was 88.02%,85.72% and 81.11% respectively in C-Ⅲ group.Conclusion Since June 2015,C-Ⅰ donors grow up more quickly on year-on-year basis than C-Ⅱ.Simultaneously,the sort-term and long-term clinical efficacy is better in C-Ⅰ transplantation group than in C-Ⅱ transplantation group.How to repair the three types of Chinese standard donor organs and optimize the quality is still a hot point to ensure the healthy development of organ transplantation in China,which needs further investigation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611834

ABSTRACT

Patients who suffer from HBV-related endstage liver disease are the majority of liver transplantation (LT) recipients,and hence HBV recurrence post-LT is the key for the treatment success.HBIG was no longer solely used in clinical practice because of high cost and unavoidable drug-resistance.Nowadays,the standard prophylaxis regimen is the combination of low-dose HBIG and nucleoside analogues (NAs).Recently,the necessity of HBIG usage has been often questioned,and the novel prophylaxis of HBIG-withdrawn and HBIG-free regimen have been carried out in several transplant centers with encouraging results.In this review,we summarized the application of HBIG in the prophylaxis of HBV recurrence,and then evaluated the prospect of the prophylaxis of HBIG-withdrawn and HBIG-free regimen.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497889

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the risk factors of urinary tract infection (UTI) after renal transplantation,so as to provide a theoretical basis of reducing the rate of postoperative UTI effectively.Method Such databases as CNKI,VIP,Wanfang,Pubmed,Embase,Ovid,and EBSCO were searched from January 1995 to December 2015 for collecting the studies about UTI after renal transplantation.The search keywords were renal transplantation,kidney transplantation,urinary tract infection and risk factors.Meta-analysis was performed by using the RevMan 5.2 software.Result Fifteen studies were identified,including 1 236 patients in UTI group and 2 729 patients in the control group (non UTI group).The two groups had no significant differences in recipient age,diabetes mellitus history,peritoneal dialysis,cytomegaovirus infection,acute rejection,usage of MMF,usage of Tacrolimus,usage of CsA and retransplantation.The incidence of UTI after renal transplantation was significantly higher in female patients than male patients (OR:2.69;95% CI:1.92-3.77;P<0.000 01).The incidence of UTI of cadaveric renal transplantation was higher than living donor renal transplantation (OR:1.51;95% CI:1.71-1.95;P=0.002).Using D-J tube for urinary reconstruction significantly increased the incidence of UTI (OR:1.51;95 % CI:1.07-2.13;P =0.02).Patients in the UTI group had a significantly longer preoperative dialysis time (WMD:1.48;95% CI:0.22-2.74;P =0.02).Conclusion The female recipients,cadaveric renal transplantation,using D-J tube and prolonged preoperative dialysis time were factors affecting the risk of UTI.UTI after renal transplantation had no relationship with recipient age,diabetes mellitus history,peritoneal dialysis,cytomegaovirus infection,acute rejection,usage of MMF,Tacrolimus and CsA,and retransplantation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466303

ABSTRACT

Auto liver transplantation (ALT) has been tremendously popular in hepatic surgery for the liver masses due to lack of enough donor for allogeneic transplantation of liver.But ALT remains stagnant because it is technically more difficult than liver transplantation.Much difficulties in this field lying ahead.Related surgical technical requirements for surgeons operating ALT,complications,difficult liver resection,hypothermic liver perfusion,veno-venous bypass,ex vivo ECMO perfusion and liver trim,assess the quality and volume of autoplast,autoplast implant and vascular anastomosis.On the other hand,the therapeutic effect largely depends on the intraoperative vascular separating range,the location and size of the tumor,the scope of lymphoid infiltrates by neoplast,the intubation site for perfusion and the sequence of opening the occlusion vessel.Thus,it's necessary to set up a scientific,normative ALT procedure to improve the therapeutic effect and prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481034

ABSTRACT

Since Shaw et al,first reported the first case successfully treated by veno-venous bypass (VVB),there has been great controversy on the routine application of VVB during conventional liver transplantation and piggyback liver transplantation in recent decades.With the improvements on the surgical skills,surgical techniques and anesthesiology,only a small portion of patients have the indications for VVB in liver transplantation routinely.This article reviews the current publications in this topic,which may provide new insight into the liver transplantation in clinical practice.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481031

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is a standard life-saving procedure for end-stage liver diseases.The therapeutic potential of this procedure may be limited by post-operative infectious complications.A better understanding on the common important infectious complications may improve the life quality and survival rate after liver transplantation.In this article,we review the progress on infectious complications after liver transplantation,with particular emphasis on risk factors,clinical manifestations,diagnostic methods,prevention measures and specific treatments for bacterial,fungal,cytomegalovirus infections.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430161

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the results of liver transplantation using steatosis liver donors in order to provide a scientific basis for the use of marginal donors.Methods From 2002 to 2011,80 of 407 were steatosis liver donors.There were 69 males and 11 females.Their age ranged from 20-54 years old.Sixteen donor livers with severe fatty liver and reperfusion injury were not used.The remaining 64 livers were divided into a S1 group (mild steatosis,n=22),a S2 group (moderate steatosis,n=25),and a S3 group (severe steatosis,n=17).A S0 group was used as a control (randomly selected fat-free liver,n=80).Results The occurrence rates of delayed graft function (DGF) in the S0,S1,S2,S3 groups were 5%,9.1%,20%,29.41%,respectively.Primary nonfunctioning occurred in 2 cases of the S3 group,which represented a 11.76% of the S3 group (2/17),and 3.12% of the total 64 cases (2/64).Conclusions Although the incidence rate of DGF was higher in the steatosis liver donor groups than the S0 group,there was no correlation in the mortality rate of the S1-S3 group within one year of transplantation.Attentions should be paid to the treatment of complications after steatosis liver transplantation.By minimizing ischemia-reperfusion injury,improving microcirculation,strengthening routine therapy and reducing the amount of immunosuppression,the same results could be achieved using steatosis donor liver and normal liver for transplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437683

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the intraoperative and postoperative complications of autologous liver transplantation (ALT),and their prevention and treatment.Methods From October 2005 to December 2011,our center carried out 36 cases of ALT for malignant (n=23) and benign diseases (n=13).Intraoperative and postoperative complications and treatment methods were analysed.Results Of the 36 patients,2 patients developed small liver syndrome in the perioperative period.Allogeneic liver transplantation was carried out for 1 of these two patients for acute liver failure.Another patient died of lung infection 16 days after the surgery.Among 36 ALT recipients and 23 patients suffering from malignant tumor,1,2,3-year survival rates were.75%,71%,68% and 65%,59%,54% respectively.Conclusions With adequate preoperative assessment,the incidence of serious complications after ALT should be low.Prompt prevention and treatment of intraoperative and postoperative serious complications could cut down perioperative mortality,and provide long-term survival after ALT.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418536

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of steatosis liver donor (SLD) in piggyback liver transplantation (PBLT). Methods Sixty-four cases of SLD were subjected to PBLT and classified into light steatosis liver (S1,22 cases),moderate steatosis liver (S2,25 cases),and severe steatosis liver (S3,17 cases) groups.Eighty cases of non fatty liver selected randomly in the same period served as controls. The liver and renal function at the day of surgery,postoperative liver function recovery,complications one month after surgery,and the death of recipients were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in the liver and renal function between steatosis liver groups and control group at the day of surgery (P>0.05). At 21st day after surgery,the liver function of 95% recipients in control group returned to the normal level,and the liver function recovery rate in S1,S2 and S3 groups was 90.9%,80.0%,and 70.6% respectively.Graft primary nonfunction occurred in 2 cases (11.8%) of S3 group. The incidence of complications such as bleeding,infection,hepatic artery thrombosis,ascites,sepsis in S1,S2 and S3 groups was higher than in control group (P<0.05).One year after operation,there were two deaths in control group,one in S1 group,one in S2 group,and 5 in S3 group,respectively.Conclusion SLD can be used for transplantation,but for the transplantation with severe steatosis liver,it should be carried out carefully.

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