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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 123-135, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966490

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The treatment of male breast cancer (MBC) has been extrapolated from female breast cancer (FBC) because of its rarity despite their different clinicopathologic characteristics. We aimed to investigate the distribution of intrinsic subtypes based on immunohistochemistry, their clinical impact, and treatment pattern in clinical practice through a multicenter study in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 248 MBC patients from 18 institutions across the country from January 1995 to July 2016. @*Results@#The median age of MBC patients was 63 years (range, 25 to 102 years). Among 148 intrinsic subtype classified patients, 61 (41.2%), 44 (29.7%), 29 (19.5%), and 14 (9.5%) were luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, and triple-negative breast cancer, respectively. Luminal A subtype showed trends for superior survival compared to other subtypes. Most hormone receptor-positive patients (166 patients, 82.6%) received adjuvant endocrine treatment. Five-year completion of adjuvant endocrine treatment was associated with superior disease-free survival (DFS) in patients classified with an intrinsic subtype (hazard ratio [HR], 0.15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.04 to 0.49; p=0.002) and in all patients (HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.54; p=0.003). @*Conclusion@#Distribution of subtypes of MBC was similar to FBC and luminal type A was most common. Overall survival tended to be improved for luminal A subtype, although there was no statistical significance. Completion of adjuvant endocrine treatment was associated with prolonged DFS in intrinsic subtype classified patients. MBC patients tended to receive less treatment. MBC patients should receive standard treatment according to guidelines as FBC patients.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1198-1209, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999826

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Frequent neutropenia hinders uninterrupted palbociclib treatment in patients with hormone receptor (HR)–positive breast cancer. We compared the efficacy outcomes in multicenter cohorts of patients with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) receiving palbociclib following conventional dose modification or limited modified schemes for afebrile grade 3 neutropenia. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with HR-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative mBC (n=434) receiving palbociclib with letrozole as first-line therapy were analyzed and classified based on neutropenia grade and afebrile grade 3 neutropenia management as follows: group 1 (maintained palbociclib dose, limited scheme), group 2 (dose delay or reduction, conventional scheme), group 3 (no afebrile grade 3 neutropenia event), and group 4 (grade 4 neutropenia event). The primary and secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) between groups 1 and 2 and PFS, overall survival, and safety profiles among all groups. @*Results@#During follow-up (median 23.7 months), group 1 (2-year PFS, 67.9%) showed significantly longer PFS than did group 2 (2-year PFS, 55.3%; p=0.036), maintained across all subgroups, and upon adjustment of the factors. Febrile neutropenia occurred in one and two patients of group 1 and group 2, respectively, without mortality. @*Conclusion@#Limited dose modification for palbociclib-related grade 3 neutropenia may lead to longer PFS, without increasing toxicity, than the conventional dose scheme.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 766-777, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999799

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the consistent efficacy and safety of eflapegrastim, a novel long-acting granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), in Koreans and Asians compared with the pooled population of two global phase 3 trials. @*Materials and Methods@#Two phase 3 trials (ADVANCE and RECOVER) evaluated the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose eflapegrastim (13.2 mg/0.6 mL [3.6 mg G-CSF equivalent]) compared to pegfilgrastim (6 mg based on G-CSF) in breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant docetaxel/cyclophosphamide. The primary objective was to demonstrate non-inferiority of eflapegrastim compared to pegfilgrastim in mean duration of severe neutropenia (DSN) in cycle 1, in Korean and Asian subpopulations. @*Results@#Among a total of 643 patients randomized to eflapegrastim (n=314) or pegfilgrastim (n=329), 54 Asians (29 to eflapegrastim and 25 to pegfilgrastim) including 28 Koreans (14 to both eflapegrastim and pegfilgrastim) were enrolled. The primary endpoint, DSN in cycle 1 in the eflapegrastim arm was non-inferior to the pegfilgrastim arm in Koreans and Asians. The DSN difference between the eflapegrastim and pegfilgrastim arms was consistent across populations: –0.120 days (95% confidence interval [CI], –0.227 to –0.016), –0.288 (95% CI, –0.714 to 0.143), and –0.267 (95% CI, –0.697 to 0.110) for pooled population, Koreans and Asians, respectively. There were few treatment-related adverse events that caused discontinuation of eflapegrastim (1.9%) or pegfilgrastim (1.5%) in total and no notable trends or differences across patient populations. @*Conclusion@#This study may suggest that eflapegrastim showed non-inferior efficacy and similar safety compared to pegfilgrastim in Koreans and Asians, consistently with those of pooled population.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 695-702, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897462

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#YoungPEARL (KCSG-BR15-10) trial demonstrated a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit for premenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative (HR+/HER2–) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) for palbociclib plus exemestane with ovarian function suppression compared to capecitabine. However, the number of tamoxifen-sensitive premenopausal patients was small because most recurrences occurred early during adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET), with tamoxifen being the only drug used; hence, the data for these patients were limited. Here we present a subgroup analysis according to tamoxifen sensitivity from the YoungPEARL study. Materials and Methods Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive palbociclib+ET (oral exemestane 25 mg/day for 28 days, palbociclib 125 mg/day for 21 days, plus leuprolide 3.75 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks) or chemotherapy (oral capecitabine 1,250 mg/m2 twice daily for 14 days every 3 weeks). Tamoxifen resistance was defined as: relapse while on adjuvant tamoxifen, relapse within 12 months of completing adjuvant tamoxifen, or progression while on first-line tamoxifen within 6 months for MBC. @*Results@#In total, 184 patients were randomized and 178 were included in the modified intention-to-treat population. PFS improvement in the palbociclib+ET group was observed in tamoxifen-sensitive patients (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% confidence interval, 0.12 to 1.19). Furthermore, palbociclib+ET prolonged median PFS compared with capecitabine in tamoxifen-sensitive (20.5 months vs. 12.6 months) and tamoxifen-resistant (20.1 months vs. 14.5 months) patients. Palbociclib+ET demonstrated a higher rate of objective response, disease control, and clinical benefit in tamoxifen-sensitive patients. Conclusion This post hoc exploratory analysis suggests that palbociclib+ET is a promising therapeutic option for premenopausal HR+/HER2– MBC patients irrespective of tamoxifen sensitivity.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 695-702, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889758

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#YoungPEARL (KCSG-BR15-10) trial demonstrated a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit for premenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative (HR+/HER2–) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) for palbociclib plus exemestane with ovarian function suppression compared to capecitabine. However, the number of tamoxifen-sensitive premenopausal patients was small because most recurrences occurred early during adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET), with tamoxifen being the only drug used; hence, the data for these patients were limited. Here we present a subgroup analysis according to tamoxifen sensitivity from the YoungPEARL study. Materials and Methods Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive palbociclib+ET (oral exemestane 25 mg/day for 28 days, palbociclib 125 mg/day for 21 days, plus leuprolide 3.75 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks) or chemotherapy (oral capecitabine 1,250 mg/m2 twice daily for 14 days every 3 weeks). Tamoxifen resistance was defined as: relapse while on adjuvant tamoxifen, relapse within 12 months of completing adjuvant tamoxifen, or progression while on first-line tamoxifen within 6 months for MBC. @*Results@#In total, 184 patients were randomized and 178 were included in the modified intention-to-treat population. PFS improvement in the palbociclib+ET group was observed in tamoxifen-sensitive patients (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% confidence interval, 0.12 to 1.19). Furthermore, palbociclib+ET prolonged median PFS compared with capecitabine in tamoxifen-sensitive (20.5 months vs. 12.6 months) and tamoxifen-resistant (20.1 months vs. 14.5 months) patients. Palbociclib+ET demonstrated a higher rate of objective response, disease control, and clinical benefit in tamoxifen-sensitive patients. Conclusion This post hoc exploratory analysis suggests that palbociclib+ET is a promising therapeutic option for premenopausal HR+/HER2– MBC patients irrespective of tamoxifen sensitivity.

6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 907-916, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831101

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to compare ramosetron (RAM), aprepitant (APR), and dexamethasone (DEX) [RAD] with palonosetron (PAL), APR, and DEX [PAD] in controlling highly-emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC)–induced nausea and vomiting. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive RAD or PAD:RAM (0.3 mg intravenously) or PAL (0.25 mg intravenously) D1, combined with APR (125 mg orally, D1 and 80 mg orally, D2-3) and DEX (12 mg orally or intravenously, D1 and 8 mg orally, D2-4). Patients were stratified by gender, cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and administration schedule. The primary endpoint was overall complete response (CR), defined as no emesis and no rescue regimen during 5 days of HEC. Secondary endpoints were overall complete protection (CP; CR+nausea score < 25 mm) and total control (TC; CR+nausea score < 5 mm). Quality of life was assessed by Functional Living Index Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire on D0 and D6. @*Results@#A total of 279 patients receiving RAD (n=137) or PAD (n=142) were evaluated. Overall CR rates in RAD and PAD recipients were 81.8% and 79.6% (risk difference [RD], 2.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI], −7.1 to 11.4), respectively. Overall CP and TC rates for RAD and PAD were 56.2% and 58.5% (RD, −2.3%; 95% CI, −13.9 to 9.4) and 47.5% vs. 43.7% (RD, 3.8%; 95% CI, −7.9 to 15.5), respectively. FLIE total score ≥ 108 (no impact on daily life) was comparable between RAD and PAD (73.9% vs. 73.4%, respectively). Adverse events were similar between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#In all aspects of efficacy, safety and QOL, RAD is non-inferior to PAD for the control of CINV in cancer patients receiving HEC.

7.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e67-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In our institutional experience, involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT) yields favorable outcomes in patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). This retrospective study aimed to investigate the clinical benefits of IFRT in this patient population. METHODS: Among patients treated with IFRT for recurrent EOC between 2010 and 2017, 61 patients with 90 treatments were included. IFRT encompassed all treatable lesions identified via imaging studies with 10–15-mm margins. Prescribed doses were ≥45 Gy (equivalent dose in 2 Gy/fraction). RESULTS: Patients were followed up for a median of 19.0 (Interquartile range, 8.6–34.9) months after IFRT. The 2-year in-field control, progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS) rates were 42.7%, 24.2%, and 78.9%, respectively. Fifty-three IFRT sessions (58.9%) were followed by systemic chemotherapy, and the median chemotherapy-free interval (CFI) was 10.5 (95% confidence interval=7.3–13.7) months. A higher carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA-125) level correlated with a worse 2-year OS (69.2% vs. 91.0%; p=0.001) and shorter median CFI (4.7 vs. 11.9 months; p12 months. For patients with a normal CA-125 level and/or platinum-sensitive tumor, IFRT prolonged CFI regardless of pre-existing carcinomatosis, gross tumor volume, and number of treatment sites. CONCLUSION: Our early experience demonstrates the safety and feasibility of IFRT as an effective salvage therapy and enables a “chemotherapy holiday” in selected recurrent EOC settings. The CA-125 value before IFRT (within normal range) and/or platinum sensitivity could be used as selection criteria for IFRT.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-125 Antigen , Carcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms , Patient Selection , Platinum , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Tumor Burden
8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 812-818, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763115

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dose-dense chemotherapy (DD-CT) is a preferred (neo)adjuvant regimen in early breast cancer (BC). Although the results of reported randomized trials are conflicting, a recent meta-analysis showed improved overall and disease-free survival with DD-CT compared to conventional schedules. However, no DD-CT safety data for Korean BC patients are available. This phase II study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pegteograstim in Korean BC patients receiving DD-CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with operable (stage I-III), histologically confirmed BC received four cycles of intravenous doxorubicin (60 mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) on day 1 every 2 weeks as neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy. Pegteograstim (6.0 mg) was administered subcutaneously on day 2 of each cycle. The primary endpoint was the incidence of febrile neutropenia (FN). The secondary endpoints were safety and tolerability. RESULTS: Of 63 patients, one (1.6%) developed FN during all cycles of DD-CT. Dose delay was observed in four patients (6.3%) and dose reduction in two (3.2%) during DD-CT. Frequent adverse events (AEs) were nausea, alopecia, generalized muscle weakness, myalgia, mucositis, anorexia, dyspepsia, and diarrhea; most AEs were related to chemotherapy. Grade 3-4 AEs were reported in five of 63 patients (7.9%), and all grade 3 and 4 AEs were related to chemotherapy. Adverse drug reactions possibly linked to pegteograstim were abdominal pain, bone pain, myalgia, generalized muscle weakness, and headache in five of 63 patients (7.9%). CONCLUSION: Dose-dense AC (doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide) chemotherapywith pegteograstim support is a tolerable and safe regimen in Korean early BC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Alopecia , Anorexia , Appointments and Schedules , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cyclophosphamide , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Dyspepsia , Febrile Neutropenia , Headache , Incidence , Mucositis , Muscle Weakness , Myalgia , Nausea
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 801-812, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715977

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) can be performed when node-positive disease is converted to node-negative status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). Tattooing nodes might improve accuracy but supportive data are limited. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of charcoal tattooing metastatic axillary lymph node (ALN) at presentation followed by SLNB after NCT in breast cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patientswith cytology-proven node metastases prospectively underwent charcoal tattooing at diagnosis. SLNB using dual tracers and axillary surgery after NCT were then performed. The detection rate of tattooed node and diagnostic performance of SLNB were analyzed. RESULTS: All patients underwent charcoal tattooingwithout significant morbidity. Sentinel and tattooed nodes could be detected during surgery after NCT. Nodal pathologic complete response was achieved in 10 patients. Overall sensitivity, false-negative rate (FNR), negative predictive value, and accuracy of hot/blue SLNB were 80.0%, 20.0%, 83.3%, and 90.0%, respectively. Retrieving more nodes and favorable nodal response were associated with improved performance. The best accuracy was observed when excised tattooed node was calculated together (FNR, 0.0%). Cold/non-blue tattooed nodes of five patients were removed during non-sentinel axillary surgery but clinicopathological parameters did not differ compared to patients with hot/blue tattooed node detected during SLNB, suggesting the importance of the tattooing procedure itself to improve performance. CONCLUSION: Charcoal tattooing of cytology-confirmed metastatic ALN at presentation is technically feasible and does not limit SLNB after NCT. The tattooing procedure without additional preoperative localization is advantageous for improving the diagnostic performance of SLNB in this setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Charcoal , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Lymph Nodes , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Tattooing
10.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 139-146, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741939

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: IBTR! 2.0 nomogram is web-based nomogram that predicts ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR). We aimed to validate the IBTR! 2.0 using an external data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cohort consisted of 2,206 patients, who received breast conserving surgery and radiation therapy from 1992 to 2012 at our institution, where wide surgical excision is been routinely performed. Discrimination and calibration were used for assessing model performance. Patients with predicted 10-year IBTR risk based on an IBTR! 2.0 nomogram score of 10% were assigned to groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. We also plotted calibration values to observe the actual IBTR rate against the nomogram-derived 10-year IBTR probabilities. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 73 months (range, 6 to 277 months). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.607, showing poor accordance between the estimated and observed recurrence rate. Calibration plot confirmed that the IBTR! 2.0 nomogram predicted the 10-year IBTR risk higher than the observed IBTR rates in all groups. High discrepancies between nomogram IBTR predictions and observed IBTR rates were observed in overall risk groups. Compared with the original development dataset, our patients had fewer high grade tumors, less margin positivity, and less lymphovascular invasion, and more use of modern systemic therapies. CONCLUSIONS: IBTR! 2.0 nomogram seems to have the moderate discriminative ability with a tendency to over-estimating risk rate. Continued efforts are needed to ensure external applicability of published nomograms by validating the program using an external patient population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Calibration , Cohort Studies , Dataset , Discrimination, Psychological , Follow-Up Studies , Mastectomy, Segmental , Nomograms , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , ROC Curve
11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 331-339, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183539

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the clinical role of rapid next-generation sequencing (NGS) for identifying BRCA1/2 mutations compared to traditional Sanger sequencing. METHODS: Twenty-four paired samples from 12 patients were analyzed in this prospective study to compare the performance of NGS to the Sanger method. Both NGS and Sanger sequencing were performed in 2 different laboratories using blood samples from patients with breast cancer. We then analyzed the accuracy of NGS in terms of variant calling and determining concordance rates of BRCA1/2 mutation detection. RESULTS: The overall concordance rate of BRCA1/2 mutation identification was 100%. Variants of unknown significance (VUS) were reported in two cases of BRCA1 and 3 cases of BRCA2 after Sanger sequencing, whereas NGS reported only 1 case of BRCA1 VUS, likely due to differences in reference databases used for mutation identification. The median turnaround time of Sanger sequencing was 22 days (range, 14–26 days), while the median time of NGS was only 6 days (range, 3–21 days). CONCLUSION: NGS yielded comparably accurate results to Sanger sequencing and in a much shorter time with respect to BRCA1/2 mutation identification. The shorter turnaround time and higher accuracy of NGS may help clinicians make more timely and informed decisions regarding surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Clinical Decision-Making , Drug Therapy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Methods , Prospective Studies
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 19-26, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222310

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The roles of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as predictive and prognostic factors, as well as key mediators in the metastatic cascade, have been investigated. This study aimed to validate a method to quantify CTCs in peripheral blood using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for cytokeratin (CK)-19 and to evaluate the utility of this assay in detecting CTCs in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time monitoring PCR of fluorescently labeled specific hybridization probes for CK-19 mRNA was established. Peripheral blood samples from 30 healthy donors, 69 patients with early breast cancer, 47 patients with locally advanced breast cancer, and 126 patients with metastatic breast cancer were prospectively obtained and analyzed for CTC detection. RESULTS: CK-19 mRNA was not detectable in healthy subjects using the real-time RT-PCR method. The detection rates of CK-19 mRNA in breast cancer patients were 47.8% for early breast cancer (33/69), 46.8% for locally advanced breast cancer (22/47), and 61.1% for metastatic breast cancer (77/129). The detection rate of CK-19-positive CTCs in metastatic disease was slightly higher than early or locally advanced breast cancer; however, the detection rate according to disease burden was not statistically different (p=0.097). The detection rate was higher in patients with pleural metastasis (p=0.045). CTC detection was associated with poor survival (p=0.014). CONCLUSION: A highly specific and sensitive CK-19 mRNA-based method to detect CTCs in peripheral blood in breast cancer patients can be used in further prospective studies to evaluate the predictive and prognostic importance of CTCs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Keratin-19/blood , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , RNA, Messenger/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 76-82, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159283

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel chemotherapy (AC-D) is an intermediate risk factor (incidence of 10%–20%) for febrile neutropenia (FN) in breast cancer. However, the reported incidence of FN while using this regimen was obtained mostly from Western breast cancer patients, with little data available from Asian patients. This study aimed to assess the incidence of FN in Korean breast cancer patients and to describe clinical variables related to FN. METHODS: From September 2010 to February 2013, data from the Yonsei Cancer Center registry of breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy with four cycles of AC-D (60 mg/m2 doxorubicin, 600 mg/m2 cyclophosphamide every 3 weeks for four cycles followed by 75 mg/m2 or 100 mg/m2 docetaxel every 3 weeks for four cycles) were analyzed. The incidence of FN, FN associated complications, dose reduction/delays, and relative dose intensity (RDI) were investigated. RESULTS: Among the 254 patients reported to the registry, the FN incidence after AC-D chemotherapy was 29.5% (75/254), consisting of 25.2% (64/254) events during AC and 4.7% (12/254) during docetaxel chemotherapy. Dose reductions, delays, and RDI less than 85.0% during AC were observed in 16.5% (42/254), 19.5% (47/254), and 11.0% (28/254) of patients, respectively. Patients with FN events frequently experienced dose reduction/delays, which eventually led to a decreased RDI. CONCLUSION: The incidence of FN during AC-D neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was higher than expected in Korean breast cancer patients. Whether these patients should be classified as a high-risk group for FN warrants future prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Febrile Neutropenia , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 704-708, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187688

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal ischemia happens by splanchnic artery stenosis, thrombus, or physiological vasoconstriction during a low-blood-stream state. However, even if arterial stenosis exists in the upper gastrointestinal tract, ischemic injury is very rare due to rich collateral circulation. The authors experienced 92-year-old female patient with vomiting, epigastric pain, and hematemesis. An electrocardiogram showed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The patient had diffuse and segmental mucosal edema, erythema, and hemorrhage in the second part of the duodenum on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). On abdomen computed-tomography angiography, stenosis of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries was observed, and segmental concentric wall thickness was seen from the proximal second portion of the duodenum to the proximal jejunum. The patient was treated with PPI and fluid therapy for one week. At follow-up EGD, the mucosa had improved compared with the previous EGD examination. In conclusion, ischemic injury rarely affects the duodenum and jejunum; however, it can develop in the presence of inducing factors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abdomen , Angiography , Arteries , Atrial Fibrillation , Collateral Circulation , Constriction, Pathologic , Duodenitis , Duodenum , Edema , Electrocardiography , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Enteritis , Erythema , Fluid Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hematemesis , Hemorrhage , Ischemia , Jejunum , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mucous Membrane , Splanchnic Circulation , Thrombosis , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Vasoconstriction , Vomiting
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : S73-S77, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36749

ABSTRACT

Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly affects the stomach. Endoscopic findings of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma are various and heterogeneous. Lesions may appear as ulcers, erosions, or erythemas. Gastrointestinal lymphomas presenting as multiple polyps on endoscopy are rare. No case of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma manifesting as multiple polyps has been reported on the stomach, although a few cases have been reported in the colon. We present a rare case of a 77-year-old female patient diagnosed as primary gastric marginal zone B-cell lymphoma presenting as multiple polyps. She was fully treated by combination chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Colon , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endoscopy , Erythema , Gastrointestinal Tract , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Polyps , Stomach , Ulcer
16.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 66-69, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63896

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal melanosis is observed most frequently in the colon it also can develop in the ileum, duodenum and esophagus very rarely. Melanosis ilei was thought that causative materials such as aluminum, magnesium, silicate, titanium and other compounds entered the body through the ingestion of agents. We experienced a case of melanosis in the terminal ileum that a 65-year-old female patient ingested 10 g edible charcoal everyday for 3 years to address symptoms of chronic abdominal pain. In Korea, edible charcoal has been considered to be an effective folk remedy for patients with diarrhea or chronic abdominal pain. In our case, a follow up colonoscopy was performed 3.5 years after the termination of the ingestion of edible charcoal, at which point pigmentation was faded color intensity. In conclusion, it is thought that melanosis ilei is a rare disease by ingestion of causative materials and is discontinuous, local and reversible disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Aluminum , Capsule Endoscopy , Charcoal , Colon , Colonoscopy , Diarrhea , Duodenum , Eating , Esophagus , Follow-Up Studies , Ileum , Korea , Magnesium , Medicine, Traditional , Melanosis , Microscopy, Electron , Pigmentation , Rare Diseases , Silicates , Titanium
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 45-48, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205793

ABSTRACT

A case of hemophagocytic syndrome associated with ulcerative colitis is very rare. A 32-year-old man visited the hospital complaining of fever and severe abdominal pain for 7 days. He was diagnosed to have ulcerative colitis 2 years ago and had been treated with sulfasalazine. Three months ago, he had abdominal pain, weight loss, and hematochezia, so prednisolone and mercaptopurine were added to the treatment. On admission, the physical examination showed splenomegaly. Peripheral blood counts revealed pancytopenia, and bone marrow aspirate smears showed many histiocytes with active hemophagocytosis. There was no evidence of viral and bacterial infections and other neoplasms, which were commonly associated with hemophagocytic syndrome. He was successfully treated with high dose steroid. We report this case along with a review of the related literatures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Mercaptopurine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Colonoscopy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Sulfasalazine/therapeutic use , Syndrome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 180-184, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209006

ABSTRACT

The proper dose and schedule of sunitinib have yet to be established for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on hemodialysis. We reviewed two patients with metastatic RCC on hemodialysis who had been treated with sunitinib in Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine. Fifty milligrams of sunitinib was administered intermittently after each hemodialysis session (3 or 4 times a week). Overall responses were partial response in both cases. Progression-free survivals were 16 and 6 months, respectively, at the time of reporting (April 2010). Both subjects tolerated the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appointments and Schedules , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Indoles , Pyrroles , Renal Dialysis
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 77-81, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74862

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With their prolonged survival and malnutrition, cancer patients, and especially gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancer patients, can develop Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE). The aim of this study is to remind physicians of the importance of WE and prompt management in patients with GI tract cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 2 cases of WE in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients, and we review the literature for cases of GI tract cancer related to WE. RESULTS: A 48-year-old female with AGC presented dizziness and diplopia for 5 days and a 20 kg weight loss. Neurologic exam showed nystagmus and gaze disturbance. Her symptoms improved after daily parenteral injection of thiamine 100 mg for 17 days. A 58-year-old female with AGC presented with sudden disorientation, confusion and 15 kg weight loss. Neurologic exam showed gaze limitation and mild ataxia. Despite daily parenteral injection of thiamine 100 mg for 4 days, she died 5 days after the onset of neurologic symptoms. Combining the cases noted in the literature review with our 2 cases, the 7 gastric cancer cases and 2 colorectal cancer cases related to WE showed similar clinical characteristics; 1) a history of long-period malnutrition and weight loss, 2) relatively typical neurologic signs and symptoms and 3) specific magnetic resonance image findings. Except for 2 patients who had irreversible neurologic symptoms, the other 7 patients were improved with prompt thiamine treatment. CONCLUSION: It is important to consider WE in GI tract cancer patients with acute neurologic symptoms and who are in a state of malnutrition. Thiamine should be given as soon as possible when WE is suspected.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ataxia , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diplopia , Dizziness , Gastrointestinal Tract , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Malnutrition , Neurologic Manifestations , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Thiamine , Weight Loss , Wernicke Encephalopathy
20.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 65-71, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77828

ABSTRACT

The gastrointestinal tract is one of the major sites for complications after solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and gastrointestinal complications are the principle cause of morbidity and death. The major gastrointestinal complications after transplantation include mucositis, typhlitis, infectious enterocolitis by virus, bacteria or fungus, pseudomembranous colitis, gastric ulcer, graft-versus-host disease, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, thrombotic microangiopathy and post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disease. Symptoms and signs of gastrointestinal complications following transplantation are often non-specific and present with varying severity. Moreover, the suppressed immune state often prohibits invasive studies including endoscopy and blurs the serologic and hematologic results. Therefore, it is hard to reach accurate diagnoses even after thorough investigations. Almost all immunosuppressive drugs can lead to gastrointestinal complications and we need proper strategies to minimize their side effects. On the one hand, we can expect better organ and patient survival through the judicious use of a broad range of immunosuppressive drugs; on the other hand, we should try to not ruin survival through proper precautions and early treatment of gastrointestinal complications following successful transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Endoscopy , Enterocolitis , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous , Fungi , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastrointestinal Tract , Graft vs Host Disease , Hand , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunosuppression Therapy , Mucositis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Stomach Ulcer , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplants , Typhlitis , Viruses
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