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Biocell ; 32(3): 251-258, Dec. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-541107


The Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionary conserved mechanism that plays an important role in cell-cell communication and cell fate in a wide range of tissues. The mammalian family of Notch receptors consists of 4 members: Notch1/2/3/4. The Notch ligand family consists of 5 members: Delta1/3/4 and Jagged1/2. Math1 encodes a murine Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor that acts as positive regulator of cell differentiation. Recently, links between Notch and Math1 pathways were demonstrated in various tissues. Expression of Notch1, Jagged2 and Math1 were analyzed in the mouse molar tooth germ during embryonic stage (E) 13 and E15 and during postnatal stage (PN) 1, PN3, PN5, PN10 and PN14 by using in situ hybridization. Positive Notch1 expression was found at the tooth bud during embryonic stages, but its expression was absent from the basal cells in contact with the dental mesenchyme. Jagged2 and Math1 were strongly expressed in differentiated ameloblasts and odontoblasts and Math1 strong expression was even maintained until PN14 stage. Math1 showed the strongest expression. Our results suggest that the Notch1 signaling pathway through Jagged2 could be importantly related to Math1, directing the process of odontogenesis toward cell differentiation.

Animals , Rats , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Molar/physiology , Odontogenesis/physiology , Receptor, Notch1/genetics , Receptor, Notch1/metabolism
Indian Pediatr ; 2005 May; 42(5): 469-72
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-9359


This study was conducted to investigate growth and the complications in the hospitalized pediatric patients receiving either enteral (n = 26) or parenteral (n = 15) nutrition. Anthropometric measures as well as the results of biochemical analyses and complete blood counts were recorded. Weight, height and weight for height were expressed in z scores. The improvement in z scores for the 26 children receiving enteral nutrition in weight for age (P = 0.001), height for age (P = 0.002) and weight for height (P = 0.008) were all statistically significant. There were also significant correlations between the changes in weight for age (r2 = 0.15, P = 0.0049) and height for age (r2 = 0.64 and P = 0.0001) z scores and the time for follow up. Corresponding z scores in the parenteral nutrition group were not statistically significant. This study indicated that enteral nutrition provides significant improvement not only in weight but also height of sick hospitalized pediatric patients.

Body Height , Body Weight , Child , Child, Preschool , Chronic Disease , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Growth , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Linear Models , Male , Parenteral Nutrition , Retrospective Studies , Turkey