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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2644-2655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981222

ABSTRACT

Nearly a quarter of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and remains long-term asymptomatic infection. Rv2626c is a latent infection-related protein regulated by DosR of M. tuberculosis. In this study, the Rv2626c protein was prokaryotically expressed and purified, and its immunobiological characteristics were analyzed using RAW264.7 cells and mice as infection models. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed that the Rv2626c-His fusion protein was mainly expressed in soluble form and specifically reacted with the rabbit anti-H37RV polyclonal serum. In addition, we found that the Rv2626c protein bound to the surface of RAW264.7 macrophages and up-regulated the production of NO. Moreover, the Rv2626c protein significantly induced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1, and induced strong Th1-tendency immune response. These results may help to reveal the pathogenic mechanism of M. tuberculosis and facilitate the development of new tuberculosis vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rabbits , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Tuberculosis , Antigens, Bacterial , Cytokines , Immunity, Cellular
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 115-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961837

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAutonomic dysfunction is a common and serious complication in patients with early chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sweat gland dysfunction is an initial sign of autonomic dysfunction. Electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) measurement by reverse iontophoresis and chronoamperometry to assess sweat gland function may detect patients with mild renal insufficiency in healthy population for early intervention and treatment to delay further deterioration of renal function. MethodsAn EZSCAN score (0~100) was calculated using a proprietary algorithm based on the chronoamperometry analysis. A total of 6 661 subjects who received physical examination from the physical examination center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to October 2020 were enrolled, including 2 075 (31.15%) subjects with reduced renal function (eGFR < 90 mL·min-1·1.73 m-2) as the case group and 4 586 (68.85%) subjects with normal renal function (90 mL·min-1·1.73 m-2≤ eGFR ≤120 mL·min-1·1.73 m-2) as the control group. Lasso regression was used to screen covariates, and the relationship between the risk score and eGFR was analyzed by loess curve and logistic regression. ResultsAfter multivariate adjustment, the risk score was correlated with the risk of eGFR decline. Compared with the group with the lowest risk value (Q1<24), the OR(95%CI )of Q2 (25-27), Q3 (28-47), and Q4 (48-75) were 1.85 (1.55, 2.21), 2.53 (2.13, 3.00), 2.49 (2.13, 2.93), respectively. The maximum area under the ROC curve is 0.75(0.74,0.76), the sensitivity is 73.98%, the specificity is 63%, the positive predictive value is 47.49%, the negative predictive value is 84.25%, and the Youden index is 0.369 72, the optimal cutoff value is 25. ConclusionsEZSCAN could be a useful screening tool to identify healthy individuals at increased risk of renal function decline, and the one with an EZSCAN score of more than 25% should undergo diagnostic laboratory testing.

3.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 375-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961370

ABSTRACT

@#Traditional titanium implants do not completely meet the clinical requirements because they are bioinert. The surface of titanium implants, modified by strontium ions, can enhance osseointegration and reduce peri-implantitis. In this paper, the biological properties of titanium implant surfaces modified by strontium ions were reviewed. Strontium ions can be coated on the implant surface by hydrothermal treatment, electrochemical deposition, phosphate chemical conversion, flame-spraying, supramolecular self-assembly, magnetron sputtering, laser deposition and alkali etching. Implant surfaces modified by strontium ions can not only promote osteogenesis and early osseointegration but also inhibit bacterial growth and reduce postoperative infections. Even better osseointegration and antibacterial effects can be achieved when strontium ions are incorporated with other elements, such as silver, zinc, gallium, and calcium. However, most of the studies on the use of strontium ion-modified titanium implants are animal experiments and in vitro experiments, and the observation time is short compared with the actual service life of the implants. Thus, the conclusions obtained may be different from the actual clinical application, and the long-term effects need to be studied. In addition, the osteogenic effects of various modification methods also need to be compared. Future research can focus on the following points: ① to find efficient modification methods that can be widely used in the clinic; ②to study how to control the concentration of strontium ions near the implant to exert their biological function and reduce their toxic side effects; and ③ to conduct long-term follow-up clinical trials to observe their osteogenic and antibacterial effects.

4.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 278-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961207

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of multiple idiopathic root resorption to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. @*Methods@# The clinical data of a case of multiple idiopathic root resorption were analyzed retrospectively, and the related literature was reviewed.@*Results@#The patient had no history of orthodontic correction, occlusal trauma, trauma history or other causes of root resorption. Clinical examination revealed full-mouth gingival congestion, redness, a loose texture, and variable degrees of destruction of the alveolar bone. Imaging examination showed that teeth 13, 16, 26, 36, 46 had idiopathic root resorption. The diagnoses were multiple idiopathic root resorption and periodontitis. The pathology tests showed that a large number of osteoclasts were present in the soft tissue surrounding the teeth. Whole-exome sequencing showed that there was a strong correlation between gene mutations (WNT7a and HSPG2) and the present phenotype. Root resorption of teeth without periodontitis was stopped after periodontal treatment during the 19-month follow-up. Tooth 13 was removed, and extraction socket preservation was performed. The etiology of idiopathic root resorption may be related to gene mutations, but it is not clear. At present, there is no effective treatment. @* Conclusion @#Multiple idiopathic root resorption has an unknown etiology, but it may be related to WNT7A and HSPG2 gene mutations. The rate of root resorption can be slowed by controlling periodontal inflammation.

5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 463-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between nasal resistance and lung function in children with allergic rhinitis(AR), and explore whether AR children with increased nasal resistance are accompanied by potential lower respiratory tract involvement. Methods:A total of 88 children diagnosed with AR from December 2021 to December 2022 were selected as the study group, while 20 normal children were selected as the control group during the same period. Both the study group and the control group children underwent lung function tests, bronchodilator tests, and nasal resistance measurements. Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed on the results of nasal resistance and lung function tests to explore the relationship and influencing factors between the two groups.According to the results of nasal resistance measurement, children with increased nasal resistance and abnormal lung function were divided into a mild increase in nasal resistance with abnormal lung function group and a moderate to severe increase in nasal resistance with abnormal lung function group. The degree of increased nasal resistance was analyzed to determine whether it would affect lung function. Results:The FEF25, FEF50, and FEF75 levels in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). The FEV1of children with moderate to severe increase in AR nasal resistance was significantly lower than that of children with mild increase in AR nasal resistance(P<0.05). There was a correlation between nasal resistance and FEV1/FVC, R20 in AR children, and FEV1/FVC, R20 were the influencing factors of nasal resistance in AR children(P<0.05). There was no correlation between total serum IgE, lung function, and bronchodilation test in AR patients(P>0.05). Conclusion:The nasal ventilation function of AR patients has changed, and there is a downward trend in small airway function. Children with moderate to severe increase in AR nasal resistance have a more significant decrease in lung ventilation function than those with mild increase. The nasal resistance of AR children is influenced by FEV1/FVC and R20, and FEV1/FVC and R20 decrease as the nasal resistance value increases. The improvement rate of lung function and FEV1 are not influencing factors for the elevation of total serum IgE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Nasal Polyps , Respiratory Function Tests , Nose , Immunoglobulin E
6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1208-1215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005582

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To understand the development of narrative medicine in medical schools and the cognitive level of narrative medicine among medical students. 【Methods:】 Taking 2,353 medical students nationwide as the research subjects, Knowledge, Attitude/Belief, Practice (KAP) questionnaire was distributed online to conduct a survey. The survey results were analyzed from the perspectives of general knowledge, ways to understand narrative medicine, and cognitive level of parallel medical records. 【Results:】 44.50% of the survey respondents had never learned about narrative medicine, and 50.79% of them had never heard of parallel medical records. 26.80% of the survey respondents had participated in the training of narrative medicine courses, while most medical students learned about narrative medicine through other ways. 【Conclusion:】 This paper showed that the majority of the survey respondents are not familiar with the key concepts of narrative medicine. By introducing the concept of big culture in anthropology into medical college education or exploring the perspective of doctor-patient interaction, integrating communication models to improve doctor-patient relationships. The current popularization level of parallel medical records and narrative types among medical students is not good, and the cultivation of cultural sensitivity and reflective ability may help promote the teaching and application of parallel medical records. Multiple learning pathways lay the foundation for further teaching, and build a diversified teaching system to enrich the course content, which should be the focus of promoting narrative medicine education in the future.

7.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 74-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005484

ABSTRACT

After more than ten years of preliminary exploration, the localization development of narrative medicine has made some achievements in theoretical research, medical education and clinical practice, but its development direction and pathway still need to be further confirmed. From the five perspectives of policy system, management mechanism, cultural background, medical education and social development trends, this paper discussed systematically and macroscopically the localization development of narrative medicine, and advocated that improving the top-level design and local policies, constructing management systems at all levels, taking root in Chinese culture, carrying out systematic narrative education and closely integrating with the development trend, so as to inspire the theoretical construction of the development path of narrative medicine in China.

8.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 342-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979682

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the characteristics of bloodstream infection of Listeria monocytogenes and provide basis for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the cases of Listeria monomyrhosi bloodstream infection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from April 2012 to April 2022. The age, sex, onset time, underlying disease, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the patients were analyzed, as well as the changes of white blood cells (WBC), neutrophils, lymphocytes, and C-reactive protein (CRP) before and after anti-infection treatment. Results Fifty cases of Listeria monocytogenes bloodstream infection confirmed by blood culture were involved. The age of patients ranged from 0 to 82 (43.7±20.0) years old, among whom 20.0% were over 60 years old. The onset time of patients was the highest in spring (44.0%), followed by winter (24.0%), and relatively fewer in summer and autumn (14.0%-18.0%). The median diagnosis time was 3 days (1-60 days). After the etiological diagnosis, 45 patients (90.0%) had underlying diseases or pregnancy status, and 45 patients were adjusted to the target antibacterial treatment mainly with carbapenems (48.9%) and penicillins (44.4%). The level of WBC, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and CRP after treatment were significantly lower than those pre-treatments (P<0.05). Among all patients, 36 cases (72.0%) were treated according to the Antimicrobial Treatment Guidelines for Fever Sanford, of which 26 cases (72.2%) were discharged from the hospital, two cases died, one case was transferred to other hospitals, and 7 cases had a poor prognosis. Conclusions Autoimmune diseases, tumor diseases, pregnant patients are susceptible to Listeria monocytogenes infection. Penicillins are the first choice for effective empiric therapy. For the patients allergic to penicillins, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or meropenem could be used.

9.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 94-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979594

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective In order to provide reference for emergency treatment of a sudden food poisoning incident, pathogen detection and drug resistance analysis were carried out. Methods Diarrheal stool and surplus food samples were detected by GB 4789 and the isolates were identified by VITEK2 and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), at the same time, the bacterial drug sensitivity test was carried out by using the method of microbroth dilution, and the isolates from different sources were molecularly classified by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the correlation between the strains was analyzed by BioNumerics software. Results Totaly 13 leftovers and 3 diarrhea patients were isolated and identified, The total number of colonies and coliforms in 7 leftovers samples all exceeded the standard, and Citrobacter freundii was detected in 5 leftovers and 2 stools. The results of drug sensitivity test showed that seven strains of Citrobacter freundii were sensitive to ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, amikacin, cefotaxime and meropenem, but completely resistant to ampicillin, and there was no multiple drug resistance. The results of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) showed that 7 strains of Citrobacter freundii had the same PFGE bands and 100% homology, showing the same clone. Conclusions This food poisoning incident was caused by Citrobacter freundii. The pathogen of food poisoning can be quickly and accurately determined by MALDI-TOF MS, which is beneficial to the early diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. It is suggested to strengthen the corresponding management, improve food safety awareness and prevent similar incidents.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1024-1032, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978772

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to explore the key anti-fatigue active components in the saponin-like composition of American ginseng. The anti-fatigue activity of western ginseng samples was evaluated using a zebrafish model; metabolomics techniques were used to identify the main saponins in western ginseng from different origins; the active substances and relevant targets of the anti-fatigue effect of western ginseng were initially screened by constructing a PPI protein interaction network between western ginseng saponins and disease targets, and the key active ingredients were screened using a molecular docking method; finally, the anti-fatigue activity of the key active ingredients was evaluated using a zebrafish, animal experiment was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences (SYXK20220005). The anti-fatigue activity of the key active ingredients was evaluated using a zebrafish model. The results of the zebrafish activity evaluation showed that there were significant differences in the activities of the western ginseng samples from the two origins, and a total of 10 different saponins were identified as possibly related to the anti-fatigue activity after further metabolomic testing and pattern discrimination. The core anti-fatigue targets were screened with the help of component-disease target PPI, combined with pharmacophore-like parameters and molecular docking techniques, and pseudoginsenoside F11 was found to have good binding activity to five of the targets. Finally, the zebrafish model revealed that pseudoginsenoside F11 exhibited significant anti-fatigue activity. This study used metabolomics and zebrafish model to screen the key active substances of pseudoginsenoside F11 for its anti-fatigue activity, which will provide a reference for further research on the anti-fatigue of pseudoginsenosides.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 141-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923775

ABSTRACT

Objective To test the activity of aromatic pyrrole-based compounds against cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum and test their acute toxicity to fish. Methods A series of aromatic pyrrole-based compounds were synthesized using 4-benzyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-nitrile as the lead compound. The synthesized compounds were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 10.00, 1.00, 0.10, 0.01 mg/L, and the activity of these solutions against S. japonicum cercariae was tested in 30 min, while 0.10 mg/L and 0.01 mg/L niclosamide solutions served as a positive control and dechlorinated water with 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as a negative control, with 10 to 30 cercariae of S. japonicum in each group. In addition, the compounds were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 0.50, 0.25, 0.12, 0.06, 0.03 mg/L, and their toxicity to zebrafish was tested in 72 h, while 0.15 mg/L and 0.30 mg/L niclosamide solutions served as a positive control and dechlorinated water with 1% DMSO was used as a negative control, with 10 zebrafishes in each group. Results A total of 7 aromatic pyrrole-based compounds were successfully synthesized. Treatment with compounds 102, 104 and 106 at a concentration of 0.01 mg/L for 30 min killed all S. japonicum cercariae, and compounds 105 and 107 showed no activity against cercariae. No death of cercariae was found in the blank control group, while treatment with 0.10 mg/L niclosamide for 10 min caused a 100% mortality rate of S. japonicum cercariae and 0.01 mg/L niclosamide failed to kill S. japonicum cercariae. No zebrafish death was found 72 h post-treatment with compounds 101, 104 and 105 at a concentration of 0.03 mg/L, and exposure to compounds 102, 103 and 106 at a concentration of 0.03 mg/L for 12 h resulted in a 100% mortality rate of zebrafish. No zebrafish death occurred 72 h post-treatment with 0.50 mg/L Compound 104, and no zebrafish death was found in the blank control group, while treatment with 0.30 mg/L niclosamide for 24 h resulted in a 100% mortality rate of zebrafish. Conclusions Compound 104 achieves a 100% mortality rate against S. japonicum cercariae at a concentration of 0.01 mg/L for 30 min, and causes no death of zebrafish at a concentration of 0.50 mg/L for 72 h, which may serve as a cercaricide candidate.

12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 75-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920748

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of levo-praziquantel (L-PZQ) and dextro-praziquantel (D-PZQ) on the proliferation and activation of the human hepatic stellate cell line LX-2 in vitro. Methods LX-2 cells were stimulated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). LX-2 cell proliferation was measured using the CCK-8 assay after 24 h stimulation with 0 to 50 μg/mL concentrations of praziquantel, and the gene and protein expression of type Ⅰ collagen (collagen Ⅰ), type Ⅲ collagen (collagen Ⅲ) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was quantified in LX-2 cells using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting assays 24 h and 48 h following stimulation with 15 μg/mL praziquantel to detect LX-2 cell activation. Results There were significant differences in the survival rate of LX-2 cells between L-PZQ and D-PZQ treatments at all concentrations (F = 6.119 and 79.180, both P values < 0.05). Either L-PZQ or D-PZQ at a concentration of < 30 μg/mL showed no remarkableeffectsonthe LX-2 cell proliferation (both P values > 0.05), and L-PZQ at a concentration of > 50 μg/mL and D-PZQ at a concentration of > 40 μg/mL inhibited the LX-2 cell proliferation (both P values < 0.05), while D-PZQ at concentrations of 40 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL showed greater inhibition on LX-2 cell proliferation than L-PZQ (t = 3.419 and 8.776, both P values < 0.05). There were significant differences in the collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ and α-SMA expression in LX-2 cells at both transcriptional (F = 21.55, 79.99 and 46.70, all P values < 0.05) and translational levels (F = 20.12, 30.29 and 32.93, all P values < 0.05) among the blank control group, TGF-β stimulation group, L-PZQ treatment group and D-PZQ treatment group. L-PZQ treatment resulted in remarkable inhibition on collagen Ⅲ and α-SMA gene expression in LX-2 cells (both P values < 0.05); however, the treatment showed no remarkable inhibition collagen Ⅰ gene expression or collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ or α-SMA protein expression in LX-2 cells (all P values > 0.05). In addition, D-PZQ treatment resulted in significant inhibition on collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ and α-SMA expression in LX-2 cells at both translational and transcriptional levels (all P values < 0.05), and D-PZQ showed higher inhibition on collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ and α-SMA gene expression in LX-2 cells than L-PZQ (all P values < 0.05). Conclusions Both L-PZQ and D-PZQ inhibit the proliferation and activation of LX-2 cells, and D-PZQ shows a higher inhibitory activity than L-PZQ.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 442-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 127-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mediating effect of job burnout of nursing staff in clinical departments on occupational stress and anxiety, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of intervention measures to relieve anxiety. Methods: From November 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the basic situation, occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety of 653 nursing staff in a third class A general hospital in Hebei Province. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety, stepwise regression and mediating effect model were used to verify the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety. Results: 551 valid questionnaires were collected with effective recovery of 84.38%. The incidence of high occupational stress was 68.06% (375/551) , the incidence of job burnout was 63.70% (351/551) [high, moderate and moderate were 11.07% (61/551) and 52.63% (290/551) respectively], and the incidence of anxiety was 55.72% (307/551) [mild, moderate and severe were 38.11% (210/551) , 8.53% (47/551) and 9.08% (50/551) respectively]. Occupational stress was positively correlated with job burnout and anxiety (r=0.545, 0.479) , and job burnout was positively correlated with anxiety (r=0.542, P<0.05) . The mediating effect analysis showed that occupational stress had a statistically significant effect on anxiety (c=0.509, P<0.001) , and the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety accounted for 44.99% of the total effect. Conclusion: The anxiety level of the nursing staff in this third-class A general hospital was relatively high. Job burnout has a mediating effect between occupational stress and anxiety, and anxiety of nursing staff can be alleviated by reducing occupational stress or job burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, General , Job Satisfaction , Nursing Staff , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 291-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935213

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy of fertility-preserving therapy in patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and early endometrial carcinoma (EC). Methods: The general condition, pathological type, treatment plan, tumor outcomes and pregnancy outcomes of 110 patients with AEH and EC treated with fertility-preserving therapy in Peking University People's Hospital from December 2005 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and Log rank tests were used for survival analysis. Results: The response rate of 110 cases of AEH (62 cases) and EC (48 cases) was 94.5% (104/110) after fertility-preserving therapy. There were 93 cases (84.5%) achieved complete response and 11 cases (10.0%) achieved partial response, and the recurrence rate was 29.0% (27/93). The complete response rates of AEH and EC were 90.3% (56/62) and 77.1% (37/48), respectively, without significant difference (P=0.057). The recurrence rates of EC were significantly higher than that of AEH (40.5% vs 21.4%; P=0.022). Forty-one patients with complete response had pregnancy intention, the pregnancy rate was 70.7% (29/41), and the live birth rate was 56.1% (23/41). The live birth rate of AEH was 68.2% (15/22) and that of EC was 42.1% (8/19), the difference was statistically significant (P=0.032). The pathological type was related with the recurrence (P=0.044). Conclusions: Patients with AEH and EC can obtain high complete response rate and pregnancy rate after fertility-preserving therapy. The recurrence rate of EC is higher than that of AEH, while the live birth rate of AEH is higher than that of EC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Endometrial Hyperplasia/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Fertility , Fertility Preservation , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 43-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors related to perinatal complications in patients with pulmonary hypertension underwent cesarean section. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension hospitalized in 4 different hospitals in Shandong province and underwent cesarean section between May 2010 and May 2020. Patients were divided into perinatal complication group and control group according to the presence or absence of perinatal complications. Perinatal complications included aggravated heart function, new onset arrythmias, sudden cardiac arrest, all-cause death within 42 days post cesarean section, postpartum bleeding and thrombotic events. Risk factors of perinatal complications were analyzed. Results: A total of 167 patients (47 cases in the perinatal complication group and 120 cases in the control group) were included in this study. The average age of this cohort was 28(24, 32) years, and 75(44.9%) patients suffered newly diagnosed pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy. The main cause of pulmonary hypertension was congenital heart disease (137(82.0%)). Age, pregnant weeks, percent of primipara, intra-cardiac shunt, and receiving targeted medication therapy, cardiac dimensions were similar between the two groups. A total of 62 complications were recorded in the complication group including 28 cases of aggravated heart function, 4 cases of new onset arrythmias, 2 cases of cardiac arrest, 11 cases of bleeding or thrombotic events and 17 patients were dead. Prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and general anesthesia was significantly higher, functional capacity was significantly lower in perinatal complication group than in control group (all P<0.05). The estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure, serum N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide and total bilirubin (TBIL) levels were significantly higher in perinatal complication group than in control group (all P<0.05). Logistic analysis demonstrated WHO Function Class(FC) Ⅲ/Ⅳ (OR=2.416,95%CI 1.016-5.743, P=0.046) and TBIL level (OR=6.874,95%CI 1.643-28.757, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors of perinatal complications. Conclusion: TBIL and WHO FC are independent risk factors of perinatal complications in pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension underwent cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1352-1356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935011

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the changes and influencing factors of macular retinal blood flow density in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)after vitrectomy, and establish a predictive model.METHODS: The clinical data of 173 patients with 173 eyes in PDR who underwent vitrectomy in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the changes of macular retinal blood flow density after operation, the patients were divided into normal group(118 cases with 118 eyes)and descending group(55 cases with 55 eyes). The general data, preoperative laboratory examination index and intraoperative condition of the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting the changes of retinal blood flow density in macular area after operation. Construct the line chart prediction model and evaluate its prediction efficiency.RESULTS: The course of diabetes, proportion of patients with complicated maculopathy, serum TC, TG, LDL-C, HbA1c, vascular occlusion and hyperplastic retinal traction in the decreasing group were significantly higher than those in the normal group, while HDL-C was significantly lower than that in the normal group(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that course of diabetes > 17a(OR=4.526), complicated maculopathy(OR=4.983), HbA1c > 6.25%(OR=4.283), vascular occlusion(OR=5.216)and hyperplastic retinal traction(OR=4.765)were all risk factors of the decrease of macular retinal blood flow density after operation(P<0.05). The line chart prediction model has good differentiation and accuracy, and has high prediction value. CONCLUSION: Course of diabetes, complicated maculopathy, HbA1c, vascular occlusion and proliferative retinal traction are all related to the decrease of macular retinal blood flow density after vitrectomy with PDR. Understanding the risk factors is beneficial to surgical decision-making.

18.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 644-650, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929476

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To explore the early failure of narrow-diameter implants (NDIs) and to provide a reference for clinical implant restoration.@*Methods@# From April 2017 to April 2020, data from a total of 725 patients (with 1 001 NDIs) who accepted implant restoration due to dentition defects were collected from the department of dental implantology in a stomatological hospital; 353 males and 372 females were included. The early failure rate of 1 001 NDIs was retrospectively analyzed. Univariate generalized estimated equation (GEE) and multivariate GEE were used to explore risk factors, including age, sex, implant location, materials, surface modification, length, bone augmentation and healing procedure, associated with early failure of NDIs.@*Results@#There were 34 cases of early failure among 725 patients, including 38 NDIs. The early failure rate of NDIs was 4.69% at the patient level and 3.80% at the implant level. There was no significant difference in the early failure rate of NDIs among different age groups, sexes, implant materials, surface modifications, lengths, and healing procedures (P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the early failure rate of NDIs in the anterior maxilla group (2.16%) and the anterior mandible group (8.64%) at the implant level (P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the early failure rate between the anterior maxilla group and the posterior group (3.35%) (P>0.05). In addition, in the anterior region, the early failure rate of NDIs in the group with simultaneous bone augmentation was significantly lower than that of the group without bone augmentation (P<0.05). However, multivariate GEE analysis showed that the early failure rate of NDIs was only significantly positively correlated with implants in the mandibular anterior region (P<0.01). @*Conclusion @#The overall early survival rate of Straumann 3.3 mm NDIs is greater than 95%. The early failure of NDIs in the anterior mandible region is much higher than that in the anterior maxilla region and posterior region.

19.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1076-1082, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the laboratory parameters and clinical characteristics of TTP patients, so as to provide reference for the timely diagnosis and death risk assessment or TTP.Methods:83 patients with TTP from June 2016 to March 2022 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into survival and death groups. The differences in general information, clinical symptoms and laboratory parameters were compared between the two groups. The prognostic prediction score was constructed by combining parameters which differ between the two groups to calculate the corresponding mortality risk.Results:83 patients were included in the study, of whom 81.1% (60/74), 91.1% (72/79) and 86.2% (50/58) had increased AST, IBIL and cTnI results, and all (78/78) had higher LDH at admission. Hb was decreased in 97.5% (79/81) patients, and PLT of 97.5% (79/81) patients was less than 30×10 9/L. There were no significant differences in gender, age, blood type, presence of fever, ADAMTS-13 activity and PLASMIC score between the survival group (58 cases) and the death group (25 cases), but the proportion of neurologic symptoms in the death group was significantly higher than that in the survival group. AST, IBIL, cTnI and APTT at admission were significantly higher in the death group than in the survival group ( P<0.05). The risk of death was 4.86, 9.74, 3.71, and 5.33 for those with high AST, IBIL, APTT, and cTnI levels, respectively, compared with those with low levels at admission. At last, AST, IBIL, APTT, cTnI and neurological symptoms were included to construct a score model. For each 1 point increase, the risk of short-term death in TTP patients was 3.24. Conclusions:Multiple laboratory markers have high negative exclusion value for TTP. For TTP patients with high AST, IBIL, cTnI and APTT and neurologic symptoms, more attention and active treatment should be paid to reduce mortality.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 269-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the storage stability of metabolites from actinomycetes Streptomyces nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 and the mollcuscicidal activity against Oncomelania hupensis in the laboratory, and to preliminarily explore the mechanisms of the molluscicidal activity.@*METHODS@#The fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was prepared and stored at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation supernatant was boiled in a 100 °C water bath for 30 min and recovered to room temperature, and then the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The pH values of the fermentation supernatant were adjusted to 4.0, 6.0 and 9.0 with concentrated hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, and the fermentation supernatant was stilled at room temperature for 12 h, with its pH adjusted to 7.0; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation product of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7was isolated and purified four times with macroporous resin, silica gel and octadecylsilane bonded silica gel. The final products were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 10.00, 5.00, 2.50, 1.25 mg/L and 0.63 mg/L, and the molluscicidal effect of the final productswas tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h, while dechlorination water served as blank controls, and 0.10 mg/L niclosamide served as positive control. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) levels were measured in in O. hupensis soft tissues using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) following exposure to the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7.@*RESULTS@#After the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was placed at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following boiling at 100 °C for 30 min, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following storage at pH values of 4.0 and 6.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality, and following storage at a pH value of 9.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 33.33% (10/30) O. hupensis mortality (χ2 = 30.000, P < 0.05). The minimum concentration of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was 1.25 mg/L for achieving a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. The ATP level was significantly lower in O. hupensis soft tissues exposed to 0.10 mg/L and 1.00 mg/L of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 than in controls (F = 7.274, P < 0.05), while no significant difference was detected in the ADP level between the treatment group and controls (F = 2.485, P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The active mollcuscicidal ingredients of the S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 metabolites are maintained stably at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C for 10 d, and are heat and acid resistant but not alkali resistant. The metabolites from S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 may cause energy metabolism disorders in O. hupensis, leading to O. hupensis death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Adenosine Diphosphate/pharmacology , Adenosine Triphosphate , Molluscacides/pharmacology , Silica Gel/pharmacology , Snails , Streptomyces , Water
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