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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly femoral intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 109 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who received PFNA treatment from July 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Both pelvic hip X-rays and CT plain scans were performed before surgery. All patients were diagnosed by X-ray and CT plain scan of pelvis and hip before operation. Through the statistical analysis of the basic data of patients before and during operation, the risk factors of perioperative blood transfusion were explored.@*RESULTS@#Logistic regression analysis showed that age (@*CONCLUSION@#Age, fracture type, diabetes history, and preoperative hemoglobin are independent risk factors for perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures with PFNA. The older the patient, the history of diabetes, the more unstable the fracture, and the lower preoperative hemoglobin, the more likely it is to require a blood transfusion, which may provide a reference for clinical perioperative blood transfusion decisions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Transfusion , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the protective effect of sesamin (Ses) and vitamin E (Vit E) against aortic endothelial dysfunction in rats induced by D-galactose (D-gal) and aluminum trichloride (AlCl3), and explore its conceivable mechanisms. METHODS A model of aortic endothelial dysfunction rats was established by D-gal (180 mg · kg-1, ip) combined with AlCl3 (15 mg · kg-1, ig) for 84 d. Model rats were randomly divided into model, model+Vit E 10 mg·kg-1, model+Ses 160 mg·kg-1, and model+Ses 160 mg · kg-1+Vit E 10 mg · kg-1 groups. After 70 d of treatment with Ses and Vit E, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean blood pressure (MBP) were measured by tail cuff. The rats were anesthetized by sodium pentobarbital (30 mg·kg-1, ip). Thoracic aortas from the rats were removed and divided into two parts (3 mm in length). The relaxation of the aortic ring induced by acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside was measured. The primary pathologic changes in the aorta were observed by HE staining. Total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) in serum were measured by colorimetric analysis. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) positive cells in the aorta were measured by immunohistochemistry. The expres?sions of eNOS and NAD(P)H oxidase 4 (NOX4) protein in the aortal were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the relaxation response with increase in ACh concentra?tion (1×10-7-1×10-4 mol·L-1) was enhanced (P<0.01) in model+Ses+Vit E, SBP, DBP and MBP decreased (P<0.01), the serum T-AOC and NO level were increased (P<0.01), the serum H2O2 levels were reduced (P<0.01), the eNOS expression was increased (P<0.01) and NOX4 expression was reduced (P<0.01) in each treatment group. Compared with model+Ses, the SBP, DBP and MBP were lower (P<0.01 or P<0.05), the serum H2O2 level was lower (P<0.01), the serum NO level was increased (P<0.05), the eNOS expression level was higher (P<0.01) and the NOX4 expression level was reduced (P<0.05) in model+Ses+Vit E. Compared with the model+Vit E, the serum T-AOC and NO levels were increased (P<0.05), the serum H2O2 level was lower (P<0.01), eNOS expression was increased (P<0.01) and NOX4 expression was reduced (P<0.05) in model+Ses+Vit E group. CONCLUSION Ses and Vit E can ameliorate aortic endothelial dysfunction of rats induced by D-gal and AlCl3 via the regulation of eNOS and NOX4.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of skin and facial behaviors characteristics identifying the etiology of childhood epilepsy.Methods:Clinical data of 53 epilepsy children with skin and facial behaviors treated in the inpatient/outpatient of Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2013 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Relevant case reports were reviewed through literature review.Results:All 53 children were diagnosed with epilepsy, including 28 cases diagnosed as tuberous sclerosis with the clinical clue of depigmentation spots, 5 cases diagnosed as cerebrovascular hemangioma with the clinical clue of crimson nevus, 5 cases diagnosed as mitochondrial brain disease combined with lactic acidosis and stroke like attack with the clinical clue of hairy and thin body, 5 cases diagnosed with Menkes disease with the clinical clue of sparse and curling hair and white skin, 1 case diagnosed as Alexandria disease with the clinical clue of large head circumference, 1 case diagnosed as giant cerebral leukodystrophy combined with subcortical cysts with the clinical clue of large head circumference, 1 diagnosed as type Ⅰ glutaric acidemia with the clinical clue of large head circumference, 2 cases diagnosed as Angelman syndrome with the clinical clue of happy face and mental retardation, 2 cases diagnosed as Rett syndrome with the clinical clue of stereotyped hand behavior, 1 case diagnosed as Aicardi-Goutières syndrome with the clinical clue of skin pigmentation and loss of spots, 1 case diagnosed as microdeletion of chromosome 1 with the clinical clue of wide eye distance and tooth loss, and 1 case diagnosed as neurofibromatosis with the clinical clue of café-au-lait-spots.Supported by the above characteristics, all cases had a clear diagnosis by imaging or genetic testing.Conclusions:characteristics of skin and facial behaviors is of great significance in the diagnosis of epilepsy etiology, and proficiency in the skin and facial behavior characteristics of childhood neurological diseases is conducive to the etiological diagnosis of epilepsy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907320

ABSTRACT

Lissencephaly(LIS)is a group of abnormal cerebral cortical dysplasias caused by the defective migration of neurons and it is characterized by thickening of the cerebral cortex, widening of the gyri and disappearance or shallowness of the sulci.Clinically, the patients often have manifestations such as epilepsy, mental retardation, and developmental delay.At present, there is no specific treatment and most patients have poor prognosis.There is currently no specific treatment, and most patients have a poor prognosis.Recently, with the widespreading clinical application of genetic testing, many disease-causing genes related to the lissencephaly have been discovered, so it is important for us to study its pathogenesis and the mode of inheritance.In this study, we reviewed the recent literature on genes associated with lissencephaly.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of femoral offset (FO) on the postoperative functional results of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in femoral trochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to June 2019, 112 patients receiving PFNA were analyzed, X-ray and CT examination of both hips were performed before operation, and X-ray examination of both hips of pelvis was performed on the first day after operation. Among them, 71 patients showed bilateral FO difference≤ 5 mm on positive X-ray film (group A), and 41 patients showed bilateral FO difference>5 mm (group B). There was no significant difference between two groups in gender, age, operative side, course of disease, Harris score of preoperative hip joint, preoperativeFO(@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for 12 months after surgery, and all patients reached the healing criteria. The difference of Harris score of the hip joint at 6 and 12 months after surgery was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of trochanteric fractures with PFNA, the greater the difference of FO between the two sides, the worse the postoperative function of the patients. The appropriate FO(the difference of FO between the two sides ≤5 mm) can improve the postoperative function of the patients.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 28, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common pathophysiological phenomenon in the clinic. A large number of studies have found that the tyrosine protein kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is involved in the development of a variety of kidney diseases and renal protection associated with multiple drugs. Edaravone (EDA) is an effective free radical scavenger that has been used clinically for the treatment of postischemic neuronal injury. This study aimed to identify whether EDA improved kidney function in rats with ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating the JAK/STAT pathway and clarify the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Histomorphological analysis was used to assess pathological kidney injury, and mitochondrial damage was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick endlabeling (TUNEL) staining was performed to detect tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. The expression of JAK2, P-JAK2, STAT3, P-STAT3, STAT1, P-STAT1, BAX and Bcl-2 was assessed by western blotting. Mitochondrial function in the kidney was assessed by mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔψM) measurement. RESULTS: The results showed that EDA inhibited the expression of p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and p-STAT1, accompanied by downregulation of the expression of Bax and caspase-3, and significantly ameliorated kidney damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Furthermore, the JC-1 dye assay showed that edaravone attenuated ischemia-reperfusion-induced loss of kidney (ΔψM). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that EDA protects against kidney damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion through JAK/STAT signaling, inhibiting apoptosis and improving mitochondrial injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Edaravone/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis , STAT Transcription Factors/drug effects , Janus Kinases/drug effects , Mitochondria
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of hidden blood loss (HBL) during the treatment of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty from March 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent X rays of the AP and lateral lumbar spine, double oblique, and dynamic positions. Lumbar spine CT, MRI, and dual energy X ray bone densitometer (DXA) were used to confirm the diagnosis. There were 55 males and 70 females, 10 cases of thoracic vertebrae, 89 cases of thoracolumbar vertebrae, 26 cases of lumbar vertebrae, 87 cases with single segment, 29 cases with double segment,and 9 cases with 3 segments. The vertebral compression height ratios of 67 patients were less than 1 / 3, and the ratios for 41 patients were from 1 / 3 to 2 / 3,for 17 patients were more than 2 / 3. Blood routine examination were performed before and 3 days after surgery to analyze hidden blood loss and to explore its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The average hidden blood loss was (317±156) ml in 125 patients. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a history of diabetes(=0.011),surgical segments(=0.036),number of segments (<0.001),vertebral height loss rate (=0.002),vertebral height recovery rate (<0.001) and bone cement leakage rate (=0.003) were positively correlated with hidden blood loss. Moreover,it was found that the blood loss was higher in those with higher vertebral height loss rate than in those with lower vertebral height loss rate, and the blood loss was higher in those with good vertebral height recovery than those with poor vertebral height recovery. Additionally,the cement leakage was also an important factor in increasing hidden blood loss. However,there was no significant correlation between bone mineral density(=0.814) or history of hypertension(=0.055) and hidden blood loss.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with OVCFs have a large amount of hidden blood loss after PVP treatment, which needs attention. At the same time, the history of diabetes, surgical segments, number of segments, bone cement leakage rate, vertebral height loss rate and vertebral height recovery rate are the risk factors for hidden blood loss.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of high-quality direct anterior approach (DAA) and other approaches for the treatment of elderly patients with femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Literatures published in English or Chinese about the direct anterior approach and other approaches for hemiarthroplasty in femoral neck fracture were searched on Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science, Wanfang, CNKI databases from their establishment to May 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently screened the literatures, and extracted the data. The quality of RCT were evaluated by Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool, and non-RCT were evaluated by the NOS scale. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 articles were included with 901 cases, in which 429 cases used DAA, and 472 used other approaches. DAA had a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to subgroup of posterior and posterolateral approach [=0.19, 95%CI (0.06, 0.61), =0.005]. No significant differences were found between DAA group and subgroup of direct lateral and anterolateral approach[=1.08, 95%CI(0.20, 5.76), =0.93]. Also there were no relevant differences between the DAA group and control in infection rate[=1.07, 95%CI(0.47, 2.43), =0.88], perioperative fracture rate[=0.95, 95%CI(0.36, 2.50), =0.92], re operation rate[=0.76, 95%CI(0.30, 1.89), =0.55], overall complication rate [=0.88, 95%CI (0.63, 1.22), =0.44], mortality [=1.33, 95%CI (0.84, 2.11), =0.23], operative time[MD=1.43, 95%CI(-5.85, 8.71), =0.70].@*CONCLUSION@#The current evidenceindicates that the DAA was associated with a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches for hemiarthroplasty. There was no significant difference in dislocation rate with the lateral and anterolateral approach.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antiviral Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures , General Surgery , Hemiarthroplasty , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Humans , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate therapeutic effect of minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) through a single incision in treating open distal tibiofibula fractures.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to February 2019, 10 patients with open distal tibiofibula fractures were treated with MIPPO technique through single anterolateral incision, including 8 males and 2 females, aged from 31 to 68 years old. According to Gustilo classification, 6 patients were typeⅠ, 3 patients were typeⅡand 1 patient was type ⅢA. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing were observed, Mazur ankle joint scoring was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months. Operative time ranged from 85 to 120 min, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 200 ml, fracture healing time ranged from 18 to 30 weeks. Nine patients with Gustilo typeⅠandⅡachieved satisfactory healing wound, original wound of 1 patient with Gustilo type ⅢA was poor, and healed by skin flap transplantation at stageⅡ. No steel exposed and infection occurred. According to Mazur ankle scoring at the final following-up, total score was from 61 to 97, and 8 patients got excellent result, 1 good and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#MIPPO technique through anterolateral single incision for the treatment of open distal tibiofibula fractures could protect original medial wound in opertaion, avoid plate exposed through anterolateral extensor tendon to cover internal fixation, and MIPPO technique could protect fracture end blood flow to improve fracture healing rate, and it is a kind of choice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and imaging features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody(MOG)encephalomyelitis in children. Methods The clinical,laboratory finding,imaging and follow-up data of 13 children with MOG encephalomyelitis(MOG-EM)diagnosed by Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical Univer-sity from December 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Among the 13 children,4 cases were male and 9 cases were female,the median age was 8 years old and 1 month. Symptoms of the first episode included fever,drowsiness in 2 cases,visual acuity in 5 cases,convulsions in 3 cases,urinary retention in 2 cases,and ataxia in 2 cases. Abnormalities were found in 12 cases by the head magnetic resonance imaging(MRI),most of which showed ex-tensive or isolated subcortical white matter lesions,and a few deep gray matter nuclei and brainstem were involved;3 ca-ses of spinal MRI abnormalities,mainly characterized by long segmental transverse myelitis;6 cases optic nerve MRI ab-normalities were found in 6 cases,manifested as disease side optic nerve or optic chiasm abnormal signals;the titer of serum MOG antibody was 1: 10-1: 320 in 13 cases. All children responded well to glucocorticoids and gamma globu-lin,and all symptoms were alleviated after treatment. Two patients had recurrence during the follow-up period,which was characterized by optic neuritis. After azathioprine addition,there was no recurrence after 1 to 2 years of follow-up. Conclusions Children with MOG antibody encephalomyelitis present a decline in visual acuity commonly. The images are mainly acute disseminated encephalomyelitis-like changes,immunosuppressive therapy is effective,generally with a better prognosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical effects of the different pedicle screw fixation methods for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 55 patients with single thoracolumbar fractures treated between January 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 23 females, aged from 20 to 55 years with an average of 35.6 years old. All the fractures were located on a single segment, 8 cases of T₁₁, 18 cases of T₁₂, 19 cases of L₁, 10 cases of L₂. According to the classification of AO, 10 cases were type A1, 17 cases were type A2, 18 cases were type A3, 7 cases were type B2, 2 cases were type B3, 1 case was type C1. The patients were divided into three groups according to the different fixation methods, among them, 20 cases treated by traditional short-segment 4 pedicle screws fixation were control group, 22 cases treated by intermediate bilateral pedicle screws fixation (6 pedicle screws fixation) were bilateral group, 13 cases treated by intermediate unilateral pedicle screw fixation (5 pedicle screws fixation) were unilateral group. The three groups were compared by operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization cost, VAS and ODI scores, the correction of the fractured vertebrae height and kyphosis angle postoperatively and the losing rate of the fractured vertebrae height and kyphosis angle at the final follow-up and so on.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up from 12 to 20 months with an average of 15.2 months. No complications such as loosening of internal fixation and breakage were found after operation. There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss among three groups(>0.05). In terms of hospitalization cost, the control group[(20 932.4±298.3)yuan] was significantly lower than the unilateral group[(22 428.2±321.5)yuan] and the bilateral group [(23 630.5±310.5)yuan] (0.05). And there was no significant difference in the correction of the injuried vertebrae height and kyphosis angle immediately after operation among three groups(>0.05). However, for the losing rate of the injuried vertebrae height at the final follow-up, the unilateral group[(6.3±2.1)%] and bilateral group [(5.6±2.8)%] were significantly better than the control group[(9.2±1.8)%] (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#All the three different pedicle screw fixation methods are suitable for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures and the short-term clinical effects are consistent. Compared with traditional short-segment 4 pedicle screws fixation, intermediate bilateral or unilateral pedicle screw fixation were more effective in maintaining the height of the injuried vertebrae and preventing the occurrence of kyphosis. The intermediate unilateral pedicle screw fixation was comparable to that of bilateral fixation at clinical outcomes, but the unilateral fixed hospitalization cost was lower, which was worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772606

ABSTRACT

Dens invaginatusis a rare malformation of the teeth, resulting in frequent pulp necrosis and chronic apical periodontitis. In this paper, the apical barrier technology was used to treat a case of chronic apical periodontitis caused by type Ⅱ dens invaginatus.


Subject(s)
Dens in Dente , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Humans , Incisor , Periapical Periodontitis , Root Canal Therapy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical and imaging features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody(MOG) encephalomyelitis in children.@*Methods@#The clinical, laboratory finding, imaging and follow-up data of 13 children with MOG encephalomyelitis (MOG-EM) diagnosed by Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#Among the 13 children, 4 cases were male and 9 cases were female, the median age was 8 years old and 1 month.Symptoms of the first episode included fever, drowsiness in 2 cases, visual acuity in 5 cases, convulsions in 3 cases, urinary retention in 2 cases, and ataxia in 2 cases.Abnormalities were found in 12 cases by the head magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), most of which showed extensive or isolated subcortical white matter lesions, and a few deep gray matter nuclei and brainstem were involved; 3 cases of spinal MRI abnormalities, mainly characterized by long segmental transverse myelitis; 6 cases optic nerve MRI abnormalities were found in 6 cases, manifested as disease side optic nerve or optic chiasm abnormal signals; the titer of serum MOG antibody was 110-1320 in 13 cases.All children responded well to glucocorticoids and gamma globulin, and all symptoms were alleviated after treatment.Two patients had recurrence during the follow-up period, which was characterized by optic neuritis.After azathioprine addition, there was no recurrence after 1 to 2 years of follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Children with MOG antibody encephalomyelitis present a decline in visual acuity commonly.The images are mainly acute disseminated encephalomyelitis-like changes, immunosuppressive therapy is effective, generally with a better prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744235

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) on high glucose-induced phenotypic transition and extracellular matrix (ECM) secretion in human glomerular mesangial cells (HGMCs) and the underlying mechanisms.METHODS:HGMCs were randomly divided into control group, high glucose group and high glucose plus high dose, medium dose and low dose of Sal B groups.The HGMCs except those in control group were exposed to high glucose (33.3 mmol/L) for 72 h, while those in Sal B groups were co-incubated with indicated concentrations of Sal B.The protein levels ofα-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) , transforming growth () and phosphorylated Smad2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were determined by Western blot.The secretion levels of collagen type I (Col I) , collagen type III (Col III) , fibronectin (FN) and laminin (LN) were measured by ELISA.RESULTS:Exposure to high glucose markedly increased the protein expression ofI, Col III, FN and LN in the HG-MCs (P<0.01).The phosphorylation levels of Smad2 and p38 MAPK were also significantly increased (P<0.01).Coincubation with Sal B evidently decreased the protein expression ofI, Col III, FN and LN in the HGMCs induced by high glucose (P<0.05 or P<0.01).The phosphorylated levels of Smad2 and p38 MAPK were also reduced noticeably (P<0.05 or P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Sal B significantly suppresses high glucose-induced phenotypic transition and ECM secretion in the HGMCs, which might be attributed, at least partly, to inhibition ofSmad signaling pathway and p38 MAPK activation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of movement posture and electromyography based upper-limb motor function assessment system in the assessment of upper-limb motor function for stroke patients. Methods:From January, 2018 to March, 2019, ten stroke patients were recruited from Nanjing Tongren Hospital. According to the predesigned rehabilitation movements, movement posture and surface electromyography data during rehabilitation movement implementation were collected, and the upper-limb motor function of stroke patients were evaluated using movement posture and electromyography based upper-limb motor function assessment system. Further comparisons were also made with single movement posture or electromyography based assessment system. Meanwhile, the validity of the proposed assessment system was verified. All the patients were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE). Results:Positive correlations were shown between movement posture and electromyography based upper-limb motor function assessment system and scores of FMA-UE (r = 0.891, P = 0.001), and better validities were achieved than single movement posture (r = 0.758, P = 0.011) or electromyography (r = 0.697, P = 0.025) based assessment. Conclusion:Movement posture and electromyography based upper-limb motor function assessment system can effectively evaluate the upper-limb motor function of stroke patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754646

ABSTRACT

Professor FU Ru-mei uses classical prescriptions to treat lung diseases, such as cough, asthma, the lung distension. Her treatment attaches importance to yin and yang, and emphasizes the six meridians. She pays attention to pulse and syndrome, and distinguishes evil qi and healthy qi and the primary and secondary symptoms. Her medication does not stick to classical cases. She considers pathogenesis carefully, gives and combines the prescriptions according to the symptoms. She usually combines classical prescriptions, seasonal prescriptions and local prescriptions, to make better clinical efficacy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701148

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the ameliorative effect of salvianolic acid B on vasodilatory function in diabetic rats and the possible mechanisms.METHODS:SD rats(n=40)were fed on high-sugar and high-fat diet for 4 weeks, followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin(40 mg/kg).The rats with random blood glucose level over 16.7 mmol/L were considered diabetic and randomly allocated to 3 groups, namely model group, low dose(80 mg· kg-1· d-1)of salvianolic acid B group and high dose(160 mg· kg-1· d-1)of salvianolic acid B group.The rats in salvianolic acid B groups were intragastrically administered with corresponding doses of salvianolic acid B for 6 weeks. Vasodilatory function was measured as endothelium-dependent and-independent vasodilation of the aortic rings.The primary histopathological changes of aorta were observed by HE staining.Serum levels of interleukin-6(IL-6),tumor necrosis fac-tor-α(TNF-α)and C-reactive protein(CRP)were measured by ELISA.The levels of total antioxidant capacity,malondi-aldehyde(MDA)and nitric oxide(NO)in aortic tissues were evaluated by colorimetric assays.The protein levels of inter-cellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1)and monocyte chemotactic protein-1(MCP-1), and the activation of nuclear fac-tor-κB(NF-κB)were determined by Western blot.RESULTS: Treatment with salvianolic acid B evidently ameliorated endothelium-dependent diastolic function and pathological changes of aorta in diabetic rats(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Sup-plementation with salvianolic acid B resulted in significant increases in NO content and total antioxidant capacity in aortic tissues,accompanied by marked decreases in the level of MDA in aorta tissues and the serum levels of IL -6, TNF-αand CRP(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Salvianolic acid B markedly down-regulated NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation and protein expression of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 in aorta tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Salvianolic acid B effectively ameliorates endothelium-dependent diastolic function of aorta in diabetic rats, which might be attributed to suppression of NF-κB activation and subsequent expression of inflammatory cytokines.The beneficial effect of salvianolic acid B on vascu-lar endothelium might be derived from its antioxidant capacity.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665192

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a combined quality evaluation model of fingerprint and quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single-marker (QAMS) to analyze the total flavonoids from licorice residue by the chemical conversion method; To provide technical support for quality control in production. Methods Total flavonoids of breaking cell wall and enriching were taken as the object of study to establish fingerprint. With liquiritin as internal reference, the relative correction factors of isoliquiritin, glycyrrhizin, isoliquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid were established respectively, and the contents were determined. Meanwhile, the calculated values were compared with the measured value by external standard method to verify the practicability and stability of QAMS. Results The HPLC fingerprint of total flavonoids from licorice residue was established. 11 common peaks were identified, and 5 common peaks were identified, and the similarity of the 10 extracts was >0.99; the relative error between the calculated results of QAMS and the measured values of the external standard method was <4%; the RSD of relative correction factor calculated by the multiple concentration method was <2%. Conclusion The method is accurate, reliable, specific, and stable, with good repeatability, which can be used for the quality control of total flavonoids from licorice residue.

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