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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878873

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules in treating constipation by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking approach. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinfoematics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN) were applied to obtain chemical components and potential targets of eight herbs in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules according to the screening principles of oral availability(OB)≥30% and drug-like property(DL)≥0.18. Disease targets relating to constipation were screened out through GeneCards, PharmGkb and other databases, drug targets were integrated with disease targets, and intersection targets were exactly the potential action targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules for treating constipation; PPI network of potential targets was constructed using STRING platform, and GO(gene ontology) analysis and KEGG(Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data were obtained to conduct enrichment analysis and predict its mechanism of action. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct a network of "medicinal materials-chemical components-drug targets", and the network topology analysis was carried out on the PPI network to obtain its main components and key targets. Molecular docking between components and key targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules verified the accuracy of network pharmacological analysis results. The PPI network analysis showed 92 chemical components, including quercetin, stigmaste-rol, aloe-emodin, rhein, and key targets for instance AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, JUN, TNF and TP53. The enrichment analysis of KEGG screened out 157 signal pathways(P<0.01), mainly involving interleukin 17 signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, thyroid hormone signaling pathway. Quercetin, resveratrol and lysine with top degree value had a rational conformation in docking site of protein crystal complexes. This study preliminarily showed that various active ingredients in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules could regulate multiple signaling pathways, increase intestinal smoothness and peristalsis function, ensure smooth intestinal lumen, and play a role in treating constipation by acting on key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6 and JUN.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Constipation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 349-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn the health literacy level and its influencing factors among junior high school students in Jiaxing, so as to provide basis for health promotion of adolescents. @*Methods@#The junior high school students who had been studying and living in Jiaxing for more than six months were selected by multistage cluster random sampling method. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect general information and health literacy level (including basic knowledge and concept, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and basic skills) of these selected students. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for health literacy.@*Results @#Of 1 773 questionnaires collected, 1 738 were valid, accounting for 98.03%. The level of health literacy in the junior high school students in Jiaxing was 22.84% ( 95%CI: 20.87%-24.82% ), The levels of basic knowledge and concept, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and basic skills were 55.29% ( 95%CI: 52.95%-57.63% ), 21.75% ( 95%CI: 19.81%-23.69% ), 53.05% ( 95%CI: 50.70%-55.40%), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the second grade and above ( OR: 1.609-1.835, 95%CI: 1.195-2.459 ), mother's educational level of technical secondary school/senior high school and above ( OR: 1.965-1.976, 95%CI: 1.276-3.357 ), and self-rated academic achievement of medium and above ( OR: 1.881-2.441, 95%CI: 1.359-3.335 ) were the promoting factors for health literacy level of junior high school students; self rated health status as unhealthy ( OR=0.254, 95%CI: 0.089-0.721 ) was an obstructive factor.@*Conclusions@#The health literacy level of the junior high school students in Jiaxing was 22.84%. The level of healthy lifestyle and behaviors was the lowest in three aspects. Grade, mother's educational level, self-rated academic performance and self-rated health status may have impacts on health literacy level of junior high school students.

3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 404-409, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003052

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the expression of Id-1 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and explore its correlation with the clinical pathological parameters of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The Id-1 mRNA and protein expression levels of 50 specimens of normal colorectal tissues and 50 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues were detected using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Furthermore, Id-1 protein was detected using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the expression of Id-1 and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: The mRNA expression level of Id-1 in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues was 0.96 ± 0.03 vs. 0.20 ± 0.04, respectively; and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011). Furthermore, Id-1 protein expression was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (0.82 ± 0.04 vs. 0.31 ± 0.02, P=0.020). In addition, the positive protein expression rate of Id-1 was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (72.00% vs. 24.00%, X2=23.431, P=0.000). The expression of Id-1 was correlated with the depth of tumor invasion, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, vessel invasion, and liver metastasis (P<0.01). However, this expression was not correlated with tumor size and differentiation degrees (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The high Id-1 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues play an important role in the process of cancer, and is expected to become a new tumor monitoring indicator for clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis judgment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal em humanos e investigar sua correlação com os parâmetros patológicos clínicos de câncer colorretal. MÉTODOS: Os níveis de expressão de proteína e mRNA Id-1 em 50 amostras de tecido colorretal normal e 50 amostras de tecido de adenocarcinoma colorretal foram detectados através de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa e western blot. Além disso, a proteína Id-1 foi detectada através de imuno-histoquímica. A correlação entre a expressão de Id-1 e características clínico-patológicas foi analisada. RESULTADOS: O nível de expressão de mRNA Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal e tecidos colorretais normais foi de 0,96 ± 0,03 versus 0,20 ± 0,04, respectivamente; a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P= 0,011). Além disso, a expressão da proteína Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (0,82 ± 0,04 versus 0,31 ± 0,02, P= 0,020). Além disso, a taxa de expressão positiva de proteínas Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (72,00% vs. 24,00%, X2=23,431, p=0,000). A expressão de Id-1 foi correlacionada com a profundidade da invasão tumoral, estágio TNM, metástases linfonodais, invasão vascular e metástase hepática (P<0,01). Todavia, essa expressão não se correlacionou com o tamanho do tumor e graus de diferenciação (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A alta expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal desempenham um importante papel no processo do câncer, e é esperado que se torne um novo indicador de monitoramento de tumores para o diagnóstico clínico, tratamento e estimativa de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 384-387, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application experience of integrated nursing mode in the treatment of extremely severe burn patients in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident.@*Methods@#On August 2nd, 2014, 35 extremely severe burn patients involved in the August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident were admitted to Wuxi Third People′s Hospital, including 18 males and 17 females, aged 21-50 years. According to the characteristics of the wounded, the situation of the nursing staff, and the characteristics of the nursing work, the integrated nursing mode was constructed and implemented to improve overall nursing quality. The standardized management measures such as cluster management of facilities and equipments in wards, improving and unifying nursing system, standardized training, drawing up " Nurses Compulsory Reading" , optimizing nursing shift handover and so on were taken. Professional quality control groups such as continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) group, static therapy group, airway group, and burn group were established, and standardized writing nursing group, wound nursing group, psychological nursing group, and enteral nutrition nursing group were set up under burn group. The treatment outcomes of patients and effects of nursing management, nursing methods, and specialty nursing were recorded.@*Results@#Twenty-seven patients survived the shock period, infection period, and recovery period smoothly. The success rate of rescue was 77.14%. During the treatment, the ward was in good order. The implementation rate of disinfection and isolation system, the completion rate of shift handover, the standard rate of intravenous therapy, the implementation rate of bed head elevation, the correct rate of posture placement, and the success rate of CRRT were all 100%. Successful turn over of rotating bed without interruption of CRRT for 24 hours was implemented in two patients. In many cases, the single filter for hemodialysis continuously run for more than 72 hours. The airway mucosa of patients healed around 20 days after injury. No adverse nursing events such as tracheal cannula detachment/blockage, respiratory distress, atelectasis, lung consolidation, aspiration by mistake, rotating bed rollover, ear chondritis, nasal septal pressure ulcer, vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) catheter blockage, VSD dressing leakage, severe abdominal distension/diarrhea, non-planned extubation/blockage of various intravenous treatment catheters implanted into deep veins and arteries were observed.@*Conclusions@#The integrated nursing mode significantly optimizes the nursing work process in the treatment of extremely severe mass burns, clarifies the duties of nursing staff, and improves the quality of nursing. This mode is worthy of taking reference by other burn treatment units.

5.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1069-1074, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703927

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the status of secondary prevention, treatment and risk factors of retired elderly patients (≥80 years old) with coronary heart disease in Guangzhou. Methods: A total of 752 questionnaires were collected from the elderly patients with coronary heart disease who underwent routine cardiovascular checkup in our hospital from March to May in 2016. The questionnaire included basic situation, complications, weight, blood pressure, low density lipoprotein, glucose level and secondary prevention medications based on evidence-based medicine. Results: Antiplatelet drugs, beta blockers, statins, ACEI/ARB use rate was 55.72%, 30.98%, 25.13%, 42.69% for the secondary prevention; 21.94% patients did not take secondary prevention drugs, the combined use rate of the four drugs was 4.92%. In elderly patients with coronary heart disease, the control rate of blood pressure (<150/90 mmHg), fasting blood glucose (<7mmol/L), 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (<10 mmol/L), body mass index (<24 kg/m2) were 81.17% (470/579 cases), 77.61% (253/326 cases), 55.21% (180/326 cases) and 54.73% (266/486 cases), respectively. With LDL-C<1.8 mmol/L as the standard, percent with normal LDL-C value was 14.06% (63/448 cases). Conclusions: In this survey population, use rate of the four types of drugs for secondary prevention and the control rate of known risk factors for coronary artery disease are very low. Efforts are needed to improve rational use of the secondary prevention drugs, minimize the gaps between promote the guidelines and clinical practice, and reduce the recurrence rate of coronary heart disease in elderly patients with coronary artery disease.

6.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 55-59, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664343

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of laparoscopic adhesiolysis for patients with adhesive ileus. Methods Clinical data and follow-up data of 95 cases of adhesive ileus were retrospectively analyzed. Based on the surgical approach, patients were divided into laparotomy group (43 cases) and laparoscopic group (52 cases), and the intraoperative situation postoperative complications and recurrence were compared. Results The operation time of laparoscopy group was less than the laparotomy group [(68.35 ± 36.47) vs (82.54 ± 23.27) min, t = 2.21, P = 0.029]; blood loss was less than the laparotomy group [(69.51 ± 20.33) vs (198.37 ± 50.04) ml, t = 16.97, P = 0.000]; postoperative analgesic dosage was less than the laparotomy group [(1.01 ± 0.99) vs (3.46 ± 1.53), t = 9.41, P = 0.000]; time of posterior ambulation was less than the laparotomy group [(11.05 ± 1.32) vs (20.36 ± 2.59) d, t = 16.97, P = 0.000]; gastrointestinal function recovery time was less than laparotomy group [(2.30 ± 1.38) vs (4.05 ± 1.74) d, t = 5.47, P = 0.000]; catheter removal time was lower than the laparotomy group [(3.04 ± 2.11) vs (5.36 ± 2.24) d, t = 5.19, P = 0.000]; hospital stay was less than the laparotomy group [(5.89 ± 1.57) vs (10.36 ± 2.65) d, t = 10.02, P = 0.000]; the postoperative complication rate of laparoscopy group and laparotomy group was 3.84% (2 cases) and 16.27% (7 cases), respectively, the difference was not statistically significance (χ2 = 4.24, P = 0.074); followed up from 8 to 36 months, there were 2 cases, 6 cases of intractable abdominal pain and intestinal obstruction recurrence in laparoscopy group and laparotomy group respectively, the relapse outcomes of laparotomy group was higher than laparoscopy group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.64, P = 0.056). Conclusion Laparoscopic adhesiolysis is safe, effective, and have the characteristics with less trauma, less interference on the abdominal cavity, it is better than open surgery.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1053-1058, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290126

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Proteasome subunits (PSMB) and transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) loci are located in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class II region play important roles in immune response and protein degradation in neurodegenerative diseases. This study aimed to explore the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PSMB and TAP and Parkinson's disease (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted by genotyping SNPs in PSMB8, PSMB9, TAP1, and TAP2 genes in the Chinese population. Subjects included 542 sporadic patients with PD and 674 healthy controls. Nine identified SNPs in PSMB8, PSMB9, TAP1, and TAP2 were genotyped through SNaPshot testing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The stratified analysis of rs17587 was specially performed on gender. Data revealed that female patients carry a higher frequency of rs17587-G/G versus (A/A + G/A) compared with controls. But there was no significant difference with respect to the genotypic frequencies of the SNPs in PSMB8, TAP1, and TAP2 loci in PD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese females carrying the rs17587-G/G genotype in PSMB9 may increase a higher risk for PD, but no linkage was found between other SNPs in HLA Class II region and PD.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 2 , Genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 3 , Genetics , Adult , Aged , Antigen Presentation , Case-Control Studies , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parkinson Disease , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Genetics
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1755-1760, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nurr1 plays an essential role in the development, survival, and function maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons, and it is a potential target for Parkinson's disease (PD). Nurr1 mRNA can be detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), but whether there is any association of altered Nurr1 expression in PBMC with the disease and DA drug treatments remains elusive. This study aimed to measure the Nurr1 mRNA level in PBMC and evaluate the effect of Nurr1 expression by DA agents in vivo and in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA levels of Nurr1 in PBMC of four subgroups of 362 PD patients and 193 healthy controls (HCs) using real-time polymerase chain reaction were measured. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test and Kruskal-Wallis test were performed to evaluate the differences between PD and HC, as well as the subgroups of PD. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent association of Nurr1 expression with Hoehn and Yahr scale, age, and drug treatments. Besides, the Nurr1 expression in cultured PBMC was measured to determine whether DA agonist pramipexole affects its mRNA level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The relative Nurr1 mRNA levels in DA agonists treated subgroup were significant higher than those in recent-onset cases without any anti-PD treatments (de novo) (P < 0.001) and HC groups (P < 0.010), respectively. Furthermore, the increase in Nurr1 mRNA expression was seen in DA agonist and L-dopa group. Multivariate linear regression showed DA agonists, L-dopa, and DA agonists were independent predictors correlated with Nurr1 mRNA expression level in PBMC. In vitro, in the cultured PBMC treated with 10 μmol/L pramipexole, the Nurr1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by 99.61%, 71.75%, 73.16% in 2, 4, and 8 h, respectively (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DA agonists can induce Nurr1 expression in PBMC, and such effect may contribute to DA agonists-mediated neuroprotection on DA neurons.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dopamine Agonists , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 2 , Genetics , Parkinson Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 205-210, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327409

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the drug resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) producing VIM-2-type metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) isolated from burn patients of our ward against carbapenem antibiotics and its homology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 400 strains of AB (identified) were isolated from sputum, urine, blood, pus, and wound drainage. of burn patients hospitalized in our ward from September 2011 to March 2014. Drug resistance of the 400 strains of AB to 15 antibiotics, including compound sulfamothoxazole, aztreonam, etc. , was tested using the automatic microorganism identifying and drug sensitivity analyzer. Among the carbapenems-resistant AB isolates, modified Hodge test was applied to screen carbapenemase-producing strains. The carbapenemase genes of the carbapenemase-producing strains, and the mobile genetic elements class I-integron (Intl1) gene and conserved sequence (CS) of carbapenemase-producing strains carrying blaVIM-2 gene were determined with PCR and DNA sequencing. For carbapenemase-producing strains carrying blaVIM-2 gene, synergism test with imipenem-ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and enhancement test with imipenem-EDTA and ceftazidime-EDTA were used to verify the MBL-producing status. Drug resistance of the VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains was analyzed. For VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains, plasmid conjugation experiment was used to explore the transfer of plasmid; outer membrane protein (OMP) CarO gene was detected by PCR. For VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains carrying CarO gene, the protein content of CarO was analyzed with sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electro- phoresis. The repetitive consensus sequence of Enterobacteriaceae genome PCR (ERIC-PCR) was carried out for gene typing of VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains to analyze their homology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The resistant rates of the 400 strains of AB against levofloxacin and compound sulfamethoxazole were low. A total of 381 carbapenems-resistant AB strains were screened, including 240 carbepenemase-producing strains. (2) Out of the 240 carbepenemase-producing strains, 18 strains were found to harbor the blaVIM-2 gene, accounting for 7.5%; 133 strains carried the blaTEM-1 gene, accounting for 55.42%; 195 strains carried the blaOXA23 gene, accounting for 81.25%; 188 strains carried the bla(armA) gene, accounting for 78.33%. (3) Eighteen carbepenemase-producing strains which carried the bla(VIM-2) gene were found to carry the Intl1 gene, showing the Intl1-VIM linkage. Simultaneously, Intl1 variable area CS showed diversity. (4) Eighteen carbepenemase-producing strains which carried the blaVIM-2 gene were verified to produce MBL. The resistant rates of the 18 strains of AB against compound sulfamethoxazole were the lowest, followed by levofloxacin and cefoperazone/sulbactam, and those against the other antibiotics were above 60.00%. (5) Through multiple joint tests, plasmid conjugation experiment positive transfer strain was not found in 18 VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains. (6) Nine out of the 18 VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains were found to carry CarO gene. The OMP CarO of VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains carrying CarO gene was lost or lowered in the protein content. (7) The 18 VIM-2-type MBL-producing AB strains were classified into 6 genotypes by the ERIC-PCR. There were respectively 6, 4, 3, and 1 stain (s) in genotypes A, B, C, and F, and there were 2 strains in genotypes D and E respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The resistance mechanism of AB against carbapenems is mainly mediated by blaTEM-1, blaOXA-23, and bla(arma); meanwhile, VIM-2-type MBL-producing and lack or change in OMP CarO are attributable to carbapenems resistance of clinically isolated AB from burn wards, and the Intl1 gene may take a part in blaVIM-2 gene transmission.</p>


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bacterial Proteins , Burns , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Carbapenems , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Genes, Bacterial , Humans , Imipenem , Pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Sulbactam , Pharmacology , beta-Lactamases , Genetics
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 583-587, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Uric acid (UA) is suspected to play a neuro-protective role in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to evaluate whether the serum UA level was associated with the disease progression of PD in a relatively large population of Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum UA levels were measured from 411 Chinese PD patients and 396 age-matched controls; following the uric acid colorimetric method, the serum creatinine (Scr) levels were also measured to reduce the bias caused by possible differences in renal excretion function. The disease progression was scored by Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) scales and disease durations; PD group was divided into 3 subgroups according to H&Y scales. Independent-samples t test was performed to analyze the differences between PD group and control group. Multiple analysis of covariance was performed to analyze the differences between PD subgroups. Spearman rank-correlation was performed to evaluate the associations between serum UA or Scr level and disease progression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PD patients were found to have significantly lower levels of serum UA than controls ((243.38 ± 78.91) vs. (282.97 ± 90.80) µmol/L, P < 0.01). As the disease progression, the serum UA levels were gradually reduced. There was a significantly inverse correlation of UA levels with H&Y scales (Rs = -0.429, P < 0.01) and disease duration (Rs = -0.284, P < 0.01) in PD patients of both females and males. No significant difference of the Scr level between PD patients and controls was found ((70.01 ± 14.70) vs. (69.84 ± 16.46) µmol/L), and the Scr level was not involved in disease progression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lower serum UA levels may possess a higher risk of PD, which may be a potential useful biomarker to indicate the progression of PD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parkinson Disease , Blood , Pathology , Uric Acid , Blood
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276799

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical value of the platelet antibody screening and typing in platelets transfusion by using microcolumn gel immunoassay (MGIA). The platelets antigen-antibody reactions including the antibody screen and blood crossmatch were detected by MGIA. The results indicated that the detection of platelet antibody showed positive in 30 cases of aplastic anemia (AA), 11 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 24 out of 25 cases of leukemia and 1 out of cases of other diseases, while detection of platelet antibody showed negative in 20 normal volunteer donors. The number of platelet antibody crossmatch coincidence in 112 specimens of AA, 42 specimens of MDS and 95 specimens of leukemia were 45, 20 and 40, the coincidence rates were 40.18%, 47.62% and 42.11%. The mean corrected count increment (CCI) in 20 patients received platelet transfusion many times was 18.2 after crossmatch and 4.7 before crossmatch. It is concluded that the positive rate of platelet antibody screening is very high in patients with hematologic malignancies, the coincidence rate of platelet antibody crossmatch in 249 blood samples is between 40% and 48%, and the efficiency of using crossmatched platelets in clinic is enhanced significantly.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, Human Platelet , Allergy and Immunology , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Blood Platelets , Allergy and Immunology , Hematologic Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunoassay , Methods , Isoantibodies , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Transfusion , Methods
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638665

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of colon hydrotherapy on premature infants with jaundice.Methods Based on intravenously infusing yinzhihuang and albumin and enzyme inducer,the warmed normal saline was poured into colon by 10 mL/kg per 8 hours in 40 preterm infants,and compared with 44 cases of control group.Serum bilirubin of all patients were measured at 24,72,120,168,216 hours,respectively.The days of meconiumbeing eliminated completely were recorded.Results The bilirubinemia level in trial group were lower in trial group than that in control group at every time and the rate of hyperbilirubinemia of the test group was lower(?~2=4.073 P

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