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Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 450-458, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349579


<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>The current metastatic category (M) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a "catch-all" classification, covering a heterogeneous group of tumors ranging from potentially curable to incurable. The aim of this study was to design an M categorization system that could be applied in planning the treatment of NPC with synchronous metastasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 505 NPC patients diagnosed with synchronous metastasis at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2000 and 2009 were involved. The associations of clinical variables, metastatic features, and a proposed M categorization system with overall survival (OS) were determined by using Cox regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multivariate analysis showed that Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) N category (N1-3/N0), number of metastatic lesions (multiple/single), liver involvement (yes/no), radiotherapy to primary tumor (yes/no), and cycles of chemotherapy (>4/≤4) were independent prognostic factors for OS. We defined the following subcategories based on liver involvement and the number of metastatic lesions: M1a, single lesion confined to an isolated organ or location except the liver; M1b, single lesion in the liver and/or multiple lesions in any organs or locations except the liver; and M1c, multiple lesions in the liver. Of the 505 cases, 74 (14.7%) were classified as M1a, 296 (58.6%) as M1b, 134 (26.5%) as M1c, and 1 was not specified. The three M1 subcategories showed significant difference in OS [M1b vs. M1a, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.16-2.48, P = 0.007; M1c vs. M1a, HR = 2.64, 95% CI = 1.75-3.98, P < 0.001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We developed an M categorization system based on the independent factors related to the prognosis of patients with metastatic NPC. This system may be helpful to further optimize individualized care for NPC patients.</p>

Carcinoma , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 134-137, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308401


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the prognostic factors affecting long-term result in pediatric or adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 1984 to December 1998, 117 cases of pediatric and adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma proven by pathology were treated by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Their data were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 117 patients, 35 received chemotherapy before radiotherapy, 36 were treated with continuous radiotherapy and the other 81 with split-course radiotherapy. A dose of 56 - 80 Gy/6 - 13 weeks (66.32 +/- 4.72 Gy) was given in the nasopharynx and 47 - 73 Gy/5 - 13 weeks (57.90 +/- 5.80 Gy) in the neck. The survival rates were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the survival curves compared by Log-rank test. The multivariate analysis was conducted by Cox model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rate was 86.3%, 66.6% and 56.4%, respectively; and disease-free survival rate at 1, 3 and 5 years was 71.8%, 53.9% and 50.4%, respectively. A monovariate analysis showed that the age (P = 0.0015), mode of biopsy (P = 0.0234), N stage (P = 0.0001), mode of irradiation (P = 0.0027), chemotherapy (P = 0.0056) and short-term result (P = 0.0000) were the significant prognostic factors. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that the age (P = 0.027), N stage (P = 0.048), mode of irradiation (P = 0.009) and short-term result (P = 0.000) were the factors influencing prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in childhood and adolescence. Radiation-induced brain injuries were observed in 17 patients including brain stem injury in 1 (0.9%), temporal brain lobes in 3 (2.6%) and cranial nerves in 13 (11.1%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mode of irradiation, N stage and short-term result are the significantly influencing factors of prognosis in pediatric and adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Radiation-induced brain injuries during radiotherapy should not be overlooked.</p>

Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Child , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy, High-Energy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate