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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of Chaihu Shugansan combined with saccharomyces boulardii in treating functional dyspepsia (FD) in children and the effect on serum cytokines and gastrointestinal hormones expression. Method:Totally 120 cases were divided into control group (60 cases) and observation group (60 cases).The control group was treated with Duopanlitong Pian 0.3 mg·kg-1, po, tid, and Saccharomyces boulardii 0.25 g,po,bid. The observation group was treated with Chaihu Shugansan, po,qd, and saccharomyces boulardii 0.25 g,po,bid. Four weeks was a course of treatment.The changes of serum Gastric Hunger Hormone and cytokines, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score, symptoms improvement time and clinical effect in the two groups were observed. And the recurrence rate was observed after 6 months follow-up. Result:The total effective rate was compared between control group (76.67%,46/60) and observation group (96.15%,57/60),with significant differences (P<0.01). After treatment, serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in both groups were decreased, while serum levels of ghrelin of both group were increased. However,the decreasing range and the increasing range of observation group were statistically obvious than those of control group (P<0.01). HAMD score and disappearance time of clinical symptoms in observation group was significantly different from those in control group (P<0.01). In adverse reactions during treatment, the control group was inferior to the observation group (P<0.05). After the 6-month follow-up, the recurrence rate in observation group was lower than that in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Chaihu Shugansan combined with Saccharomyces boulardii was effective in treatment of FD in children, with a low recurrence rate and good compliance. The mechanism may be related to the effective regulation of brain-intestinal axis, balance of intestinal flora, inhibition of inflammatory reaction, regulation of cytokines and gastrointestinal hormone levels.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802242

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of Xiaoer anorexia granule combined with Saccharomyces brassicus in the treatment of infantile anorexia and its effect on serum cytokines. Method: Totally 240 cases of infantile anorexia treated in Jinhua People's Hospital from October 2015 to October 2017 were randomly divided into three groups. Group A (combination group) orally took Xiaoer anorexia granule, 1 pack/time for 1-3 years old, 2 packs/time for 4-6 years old, 3 times a day, and combined with saccharomyces brasiliensis, 0.5 g/time, 2 times a day, 15-30 min before meal. Group B took saccharomyces brasiliensis by the same method as the combination group. Group C took Xiaoer anorexia granules by the same method as above,with 80 cases in each group. 8 weeks is a course of treatment. Serum inflammatory cytokines leptin, SP and Ghrelin were also detected. The clinical efficacy, body weight, height improvement and serum cytokine levels were observed in 3 groups. Result: The total improvement rate of group A was 91.25%, which was significantly higher than 71.25%of group B and 73.75%of group C, with statistically significant differences (PPPPPPPConclusion: Treatment of infantile anorexia with Xiaoer anorexia granules combined with Saccharomyces cerevisiae can improve the total clinical effective rate, adjust serum cytokine levels and increase height and body mass.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798362

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the clinical efficacy of modified Sinisan (Qizhi Weitong granule) and saccharomyces boulardi in treating functional dyspepsia (FD) in children, and its effect on changes in serum cytokine and gastrointestinal hormones.Method: Totally 156 cases were divided into control group (78 cases) and observation group (78 cases). The control group was treated with saccharomyces boulardi, 0.25 g, po, bid, after meal. In addition to the therapy of control group, the observation group was also given modified Sinisan (Qizhi Weitong granule), 2.5 g, po, tid, 30 minutes before meal. Four weeks was a course of treatment. Then the clinical efficacy, the time of symptom improvement and the change of serum cytokine and gastrointestinal hormones were observed.Result: The total effective rate of observation group (96.15%) was higher than that of control group (82.05%), with statistical difference (Pγ(IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), plasma motilin(MTL) and Leptin of both groups had no statistical difference before treatment. After treatment, the serum levels of IL-10, MTL of both group were increased, while the serum levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, Leptin of both group were decreased. However, the decreasing range and the increasing range of observation group were statistically obvious than those of control group (PConclusion: Modified Sinisan(Qizhi Weitong granule) combined with saccharomyces boulardi have an obvious clinical efficacy in treating child's FD, with a low recurrence. The mechanism may be correlated with the effect of integrated Chinese and Western medicines in regulating serum cytokine and gastrointestinal hormones levels.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305360

ABSTRACT

Study the infect of child anorexia granule on serum ghrelin and leptin of anorexia children and its clinical efficacy. Selected 81 cases of anorexia children aged 1-6 years old into treatment group (42 cases) and control group (39 cases), in addition, 30 case healthy children as healthy control group. The control group children were treated with domperidone suspension 0.3 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), tid, orally 30 minutes before meals. Treatment group were treated with child anorexia granule, 1-3 years 1 package, bid; 4-6 years 1 package, tid; po, 4 weeks as a course of treatment. Study the change of serum ghrelin and leptin before and after therapy. The study demonstrates that before treatment, the serum ghrelin level of disease group was lower than healthy group (P < 0.01), and the serum leptin level was higher than healthy group (P < 0.01). After treatment, the serum ghrelin level both increase, and the serum leptin decline. And the change of treatment group was significantly different with control group (P < 0.01). And the clinical effective rate are 95.23% and 74.35% (P < 0.01). After 6 months of follow-up visit, the children weight significantly increase in treatment group (P < 0.01). Results indicate that child anorexia granule can facilitate secretion of ghrelin, and inhibit secretion of leptin, so as to work up an appetite. And the molecular mechanism is its infect on serum ghrelin, leptin.


Subject(s)
Anorexia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Appetite Regulation , Body Weight , Child , Child, Preschool , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Ghrelin , Metabolism , Humans , Infant , Leptin , Metabolism , Male
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in the treatment of patient bitten by agkistrodon halys pallas, and the changes in peripheral blood inflammatory factors (hs-PCR, IL-6, TNF-alpha).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Ninty-eight patients were divided into three groups according to their hospitalization dates: the western medicine group, in which 32 patients were treated with antivenom serum (6 000 U) for five days, once every day; the traditional Chinese medicine group, in which 32 patients were treated with anti pit viper No. 2 concentrated decoction (300 mL), twice to three times every day, for five days; and the combined traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine group, in which 35 patients were treated with the combination of Chinese and Western medicine treatment described above. Then blood samples of all of patients were obtained, and serum factors (hs-PCR, IL-6, TNF-alpha) in peripheral blood were measured by Elisa assay. Another 30 health volunteers were chosen as the normal control group.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The serum inflammatory factors were significantly higher in all patients of the three groups than that in healthy control before treatment (P < 0.01), and decreased significantly after treatment. In particular, the more remarkable reduction was found in the combined traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine group compared with the western medicine group and the traditional medicine group (P < 0.01). Symptom elimination in the three groups was superior to the western medicine group and the traditional medicine group at the first day and the third day of treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Total clinical effective rate was 100% in the combined traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine group, 84. 37% in the traditional medicine group and 65.62% in the western medicine group, the clinical effective rate of the combined traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine group was notably superior to that of the western medicine group and the traditional medicine group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The serum inflammatory factors increased significantly in patients bitten by agkistrodon halys pallas. Treatment with the combined traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine can significantly decrease the serum inflammatory factors, and increase clinical effect, with more obvious clinical efficacy compared with the western medicine group and the traditional medicine group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antivenins , Child , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Snake Bites , Blood , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the dynamic change and clinical efficacy of acupuncture at Sifeng (EX-UE 10) on appetite regulating factors in the serum of infantile anorexia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty cases, in compliance with the diagnostic criteria, aged from 3 to 6 years were randomized into an acupuncture group and a medication group, 40 cases in each one. Additionally, a healthy control group (30 cases) was set up. In the acupuncture group, the pricking method was adopted at Sifeng (EX-UE 10) with the three-edged needle. A few light yellow, transparent viscous liquid or blood was squeezed out after pricking. The treatment was given once a week, for 4 weeks totally. In the medication group, erkangning syrup was administered, 3 times a day, for 4 weeks totally. The ghrelin, leptin and neuropeptide Y (NPY), and the clinical efficacy were observed before and after treatment in each group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of ghrelin and NPY before treatment in acupuncture group and the medication group were lower apparently than those in the healthy control group (all P < 0.01), but the level of leptin was higher appa-rently than that in the healthy control group (P < 0.01). After treatment, the levels of ghrelin and NPY were higher apparently than those before treatment in the acupuncture group (both P < 0.01), and the level of leptin was lower apparently than that before treatment (P < 0.01). All of the above indices in the acupuncture group were improved obviously after treatment as compared with those in the medication group (all P < 0.01). The remarkable and effective rate were 82.5% (33/40) and 32.5% (13/40) and the total effective rate were 95.0% (38/40) and 45.0% (18/40) in the acupuncture group and medication group separately, the results in the acupuncture group were superior to the medication group (both P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Sifeng (EX-UE 10) effectively promotes the secretion of ghrelin and NPY and inhibit leptin. It effectively promotes appetite for the children and the efficacy is superior to erkangning syrup.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anorexia , Blood , Therapeutics , Appetite , Child, Preschool , Female , Ghrelin , Blood , Humans , Leptin , Blood , Male , Neuropeptide Y , Blood , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the survival rate and prognostic factors of laryngeal carcinoma patients with no surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and sixty-seven laryngeal carcinoma cases with no surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. Survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier product-limit method. With univariate analysis, comparisons among/between groups were performed using Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was carried out using Cox proportional hazard model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall survival time was (16.0 ± 1.4) months (x(-) ± s), overall 1- and 2-year survival rates were 56.4% and 26.5%, respectively. No patient survived over 5 years in these cases who had been diagnosed more than 5 years (except for those who lost). Univariate analysis showed that primary site, pathological grade, T-stage, N-stage and clinical stage were significant prognostic factors for the survival of the patients (P < 0.05). The survival rates of laryngeal carcinoma whether with tracheotomy were no statistically significant (P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed survival rates statistically correlated with T stage and N stage (hazard ratio were 1.812 and 1.557, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The development of laryngeal carcinoma course was faster, without treatment to the tumor itself, even if palliative surgical such as tracheostomy would not improve the survival rate. In laryngeal carcinoma patients with no surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy, the factors affecting the survival rates include primary site, pathological grade, T-stage, N-stage and clinical stage, and of them, T-stage and N-stage are the independent prognostic factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma , Mortality , Pathology , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Female , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation of pesticide exposure with childhood acute leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An exploratory case-control study was conducted among childhood acute leukemia patients under 15 years old in Shanghai, China. From January 1st, 2006 to December 31st, 2008, a total of 80 newly diagnosed acute leukemia patients were recruited from Shanghai Children's Medical Center for the case group. Another 96 age-matched patients who visited the hospital for health examination, pediatric treatment or osteological therapy excluding hematological system diseases and neoplastic disease, were recruited for the control group. A questionnaire survey was conducted in both groups; and a 30 - 40 ml random urine sample was collected from each participant. Five types of organophosphorus pesticide metabolites was then detected among the samples, using Gas Chromatography with Flame Spectrophotometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to result of the questionnaire survey, more participants (55.0% (44/80)) in case group than in the control group (33.3% (32/96)) reported using mosquitocidal, which might increase the risk of childhood acute leukemia (OR = 2.444; 95%CI: 1.326 - 4.506). At the same time, the detection showed that the concentration (median) of organophosphate metabolites diethyl phosphate, dimethyl phosphate, dimethyl thiophosphate, diethyl thiophosphate and diethyl dithiophosphate in case group were 0.0682, 0.0082, 0.0183, 0.0233, 0.4259 µg/g Cr, which were all significantly higher than in control group (0.0865, 0.0025, 0.0112, 0.0123, 0.1207 µg/g Cr) except the concentration of diethyl phosphate (Z = -1.081, P = 0.279). The difference showed statistical significance (Z = -5.752, -2.800, -3.316, -8.120, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pesticide exposure may be one of the risk factors for childhood acute leukemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Environmental Exposure , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Leukemia , Male , Maternal Exposure , Pesticides , Pregnancy , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of modified Shegan Mahuang Decoction (SGMH) on cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-13 in children suffered from cough and variant asthma (C&VA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and fifty-four children with C&VA were randomly assigned to two groups: 79 in the treatment group were medicated orally with SGMH one dose per day taking in twice; 75 in the control group were medicated with Montelukast once a day in dose of 4 mg for children aged from 2 to 5 years and 5 mg for those from 6 to 14 years, the medication for all was given 4 weeks. Serum contents of cytokines, including TNF-alpha, IL-10 and IL-13, in patients were measured before and after treatment. Besides, serum contents of these cytokines in 45 healthy children were measured for control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum levels of TNF-alpha and IL-3 in the treatment group were 2510 +/- 1500 ng/L and 60.76 +/- 23.67 ng/L, and in the control group, 2890 +/- 1410 ng/L and 61.56 +/- 20.37 ng/L, respectively, all were significantly higher than those of healthy (709 +/- 280 ng/L and 39.49 +/- 3.09 ng/L, P < 0.01); but level of IL-10 was significant lower in the two patient groups than that in control (1546 +/- 1434 ng/L and 1823 +/- 1314 ng/L vs 7123 +/- q2641 ng/L, P < 0.01). After treatment, the levels of TNF-alpha and IL-13 decreased and IL-10 increased significantly in the treatment group, and showed significant different to those in the control group respectively (960 +/- 420 ng/L, 43.67 +/- 12.37 ng/L and 6834 +/- 2216 ng/L vs 2610 +/- 1220 ng/L, 50.56 +/-19.56 ng/L and 2529 +/- 1223 ng/L, P < 0.01). Clinical efficacy between groups also showed that the total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly better (86.07% vs. 42.67%, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SGMH can regulate the serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-10 and IL-13, and shows evident clinical effect in treating children's C&VA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Blood , Drug Therapy , Child , Child, Preschool , Cough , Blood , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Ephedra sinica , Female , Humans , Infant , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Interleukin-13 , Blood , Interleukin-3 , Blood , Male , Phytotherapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245921

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the characteristic of the radioactive lymph node with metastatic disease and to explore the method of the localization of sentinel lymph node (SLN) with radionuclide in N0 clinically laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fourty-five patients with T1-T4 and clinically N0 laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer were recruited. For each patient a peritumoral submucosal injection of 99mTc-labeled sulfur colloid (99mTc-SC) was performed and lymph node mapping was performed by lymphoscintigraphy two hours afterward. The SLN was localized by a handheld gamma probe intraoperatively 10-12 hours after the injection. All hot lymph nodes accumulating activity were harvested and initially termed sentinel nodes. Selective neck dissections were performed for all patients. The specimen of SLN was sent to the pathologist for the following analysis: formal paraffin embedded section, consecutive section and immunohistochemistry assay. The results was compared to the remaining lymphadenectomy specimen. Resection of the primary tumour depended on the location and the T classification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SLNs were identified in 41 of 45 patients with 51 necks, SLNs had occult metastases in 13 cases, 15 necks with SLN-positive of these 13 cases, there was one false negative case, they were found in non-SLNs of neck specimens. Each neck side was considered a single case. SLN identification rate was 92.7%, sensitivity was 93.7%, false-negative rate was 6.3%, and accuracy was 98.0%. In 11 (73.3%) of these SLN-positive necks, the SLN with the highest counts contained tumor; harvesting the first-three nodes with the highest radioactive counts, which could all patients with occult metastatic disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Excision of the first-three SLNs with the highest radioactive counts can accurately judge the presence or absence of the cervical lymph nodes metastases in patients with the clinically N0 laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Lymph Nodes , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Radioactive Tracers , Radionuclide Imaging , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Methods , Technetium Tc 99m Sulfur Colloid
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of triptergium wilfordii polyglycosidium on the content of Th1 and Th2 in the treatment child patients of rcurrent nephrotic syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Patients were randomized into treatment group and health group. Sixty-one patients in treatment group were treated with triptergium wilfordii polyglycosidium 1 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) orally tid for 12 weeks. However, patients in health group was not treated with any drugs. Twelve weeks constituted one course of treatment and the content of IL-12, IL-2, TNF-alpha, IL-13, IL-6, IL-4 in peripheral blood was measured before and behind therapy.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In treatment group, the content of serum cytokines behind therapy was significantly lower than that before therapy, except for IL-12.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Triptergium wilfordii polyglycosidium could reduce the cytokine level (except for IL-12) of Th1 and Th2, which could lead a therapeutic effect of in the child patients of RNS.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Interleukin-13 , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Metabolism , Male , Nephrotic Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Th1 Cells , Metabolism , Th2 Cells , Metabolism , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Chinese materia medica on immune intervention of infantile recurrent respiratory tract infection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Thirty-one children of recurrent respiratory tract infection were randomly divided into two groups: therapy group was treated with oral Chinese materia medica (b. i. d), control group was only treated with oral carboxymethyl liquor (< 4 years, 3 mL; 4-7 years, 5 mL; > 7 years, 7 mL, t. i. d). The change of IL-12,TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-13, IL-6 and IL-4 in different time were observed and analyzes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the control group, the level of IL-12 and IL-2 was significantly increased after treatment of oral Chinese materia medica (P < 0.01), however, the level of TNF-alpha, IL-13, IL-4, and IL-6 was decreased after treatment (P < 0.01). During one years follow-up study, the frequency of respiratory infection every year of therapy group was significantly decreased than that of control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese materia medica could prevent infantile recurrent respiratory tract infection effectively, increase humoral immunity function and ensure normal growth in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Methods , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Materia Medica , Therapeutic Uses , Recurrence , Respiratory Tract Infections , Therapeutics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295404

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>It is to study the effect of tripterygium (TW) on the plasma IL-18 content in patients with lupus nephritis (LN) and its treatment value.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The patients with LN treated with prednisone were divided into active groupand inactive group with active index. The active group was given tripterygium additionally. The changing of plasma IL-18 and release of nephritis were observed after treatment for three months.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The level of plasma IL-18 lowered down obviously, urinary protein decreased, LN activity index, hematuria and renal function improved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tripterygium caninhibitroduction of plasma IL-18. It has definite treatment value on controlling LN activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Interleukin-18 , Blood , Lupus Nephritis , Blood , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Young Adult
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