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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1234-1240, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780210

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and rat ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) model was used to analyze the mechanism of cardiac protection by Trichosanthes. The animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College. Compounds were screened by TCMSP database and TCM Database@ Taiwan according to oral bioavailability (OB > 30%) and drug like activity (DL > 0.18). The PDBID value of the compound (Z'-score < 0.5) was obtained in DRAR-CPI database and converted into a target protein by UniProt database. Human genes of target proteins were identified using the term " myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury" as the keyword through the CoolGeN database. GOTERM_BP _ DIRECT enrichment analysis of target proteins related to MIRI and KEGG PATHWAY annotation analysis were performed using the DAVID database. The component-target protein-signal pathway network was constructed using Giphi0.9.2 software. The expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes (0.2, 1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) was analyzed by Western blot with compound Danshen (85.05 mg·kg-1) as a positive control. Network pharmacology found that 12 compounds, including schottenol in Trichosanthes, synergistically inhibit MIRI through multiple targets or biological pathways, involving target proteins such as extracellular regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2), c-jun-N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK1) and p38MAPK in MAPK signaling pathways. Western blot results showed that phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was dose-dependently up-regulated in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes, while the level of p38MAPK or JNK1 phosphorylation was down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the control group, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK protein showed significant difference in medium and high dose groups (1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). Therefore, Trichosanthes could play an anti-MIRI role by regulating phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK proteins in rats. In conclusion, the targets and pathways of Trichosanthes on anti-MIRI were revealed by network pharmacology and verified in rat MIRI model, providing the scientific basis for further study on the mechanism of Trichosanthes for cardiac protection.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690701

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different data standardization methods on the spectrum-effect relationship for anticoagulant effect of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills. The spectrum-effect relationship was studied by using grey correlation degree method between three doses of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and prothrombintime (PT) in mice. The effect of 10 data standardization methods, namely minimization method, maximum method, data extreme difference method, standard deviation standardization method, initialization transformation method, mean transformation method, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the total peak area, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the common peak area, logarithmic standardization method and tangent normalization method on the spectrum-effect relationship between Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and PT in mice was evaluated by using relative correlation degree as the index. The results of spectrum-effect relationship can be expressed by the minimization method, the data extreme difference method, the standard deviation standardization method, the initialization method and the mean transformation method, with highest relative correlation degree by the mean transformation method. As compared with the mean transformation method, there were significant differences between the high dose group and the medium dose group in the minimization method and the data extreme difference method (<0.01), while the minimization method in the low dose group showed statistical significance (<0.05). The standard deviation standardization method, initialization method and the mean transformation method can be used to study the spectrum-effect relationship for the anticoagulation of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills.

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