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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 374-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985935

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigated the safety and efficacy of treating patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and elevated levels of N-terminal pro-hormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with levosimendan within 24 hours of first medical contact (FMC). Methods: This multicenter, open-label, block-randomized controlled trial (NCT03189901) investigated the safety and efficacy of levosimendan as an early management strategy of acute heart failure (EMS-AHF) for patients with NSTEMI and high NT-proBNP levels. This study included 255 patients with NSTEMI and elevated NT-proBNP levels, including 142 males and 113 females with a median age of 65 (58-70) years, and were admitted in the emergency or outpatient departments at 14 medical centers in China between October 2017 and October 2021. The patients were randomly divided into a levosimendan group (n=129) and a control group (n=126). The primary outcome measure was NT-proBNP levels on day 3 of treatment and changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline on day 5 after randomization. The secondary outcome measures included the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in NT-proBNP levels from baseline, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalization and at 6 months after hospitalization, safety during the treatment, and health economics indices. The measurement data parameters between groups were compared using the t-test or the non-parametric test. The count data parameters were compared between groups using the χ² test. Results: On day 3, the NT-proBNP levels in the levosimendan group were lower than the control group but were statistically insignificant [866 (455, 1 960) vs. 1 118 (459, 2 417) ng/L, Z=-1.25,P=0.21]. However, on day 5, changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline in the levosimendan group were significantly higher than the control group [67.6% (33.8%,82.5%)vs.54.8% (7.3%,77.9%), Z=-2.14, P=0.03]. There were no significant differences in the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in the NT-proBNP levels on day 5 between the levosimendan and the control groups [77.5% (100/129) vs. 69.0% (87/126), χ²=2.34, P=0.13]. Furthermore, incidences of MACE did not show any significant differences between the two groups during hospitalization [4.7% (6/129) vs. 7.1% (9/126), χ²=0.72, P=0.40] and at 6 months [14.7% (19/129) vs. 12.7% (16/126), χ²=0.22, P=0.64]. Four cardiac deaths were reported in the control group during hospitalization [0 (0/129) vs. 3.2% (4/126), P=0.06]. However, 6-month survival rates were comparable between the two groups (log-rank test, P=0.18). Moreover, adverse events or serious adverse events such as shock, ventricular fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia were not reported in both the groups during levosimendan treatment (days 0-1). The total cost of hospitalization [34 591.00(15 527.46,59 324.80) vs. 37 144.65(16 066.90,63 919.00)yuan, Z=-0.26, P=0.80] and the total length of hospitalization [9 (8, 12) vs. 10 (7, 13) days, Z=0.72, P=0.72] were lower for patients in the levosimendan group compared to those in the control group, but did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Early administration of levosimendan reduced NT-proBNP levels in NSTEMI patients with elevated NT-proBNP and did not increase the total cost and length of hospitalization, but did not significantly improve MACE during hospitalization or at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Simendan/therapeutic use , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Peptide Fragments , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Biomarkers , Prognosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969834

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causes and management of long-term persistent pelvic presacral space infection. Methods: Clinical data of 10 patients with persistent presacral infection admitted to the Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2015 to October 2020 were collected. Different surgical approaches were used to treat the presacral infection according to the patients' initial surgical procedures. Results: Among the 10 patients, there were 2 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for cervical cancer, 3 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for rectal cancer Dixons, and 5 cases of presacral recurrent infection of sinus tract after adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer Miles. Of the 5 patients with leaky bowel, 4 had complete resection of the ruptured nonfunctional bowel and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision with a large tipped omentum filling the presacral space; 1 had continuous drainage of the anal canal and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision. 5 post-Miles patients all had debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision combined with an abdominal incision. The nine patients with healed presacral infection recovered from surgery in 26 to 210 days, with a median time of 55 days. Conclusions: Anterior sacral infections in patients with leaky gut are caused by residual bowel secretion of intestinal fluid into the anterior sacral space, and in post-Miles patients by residual anterior sacral foreign bodies. An anterior sacral caudal transverse arc incision combined with an abdominal incision is an effective surgical approach for complete debridement of anterior sacral recalcitrant infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reinfection , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Drainage , Anal Canal/surgery , Pelvic Infection
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1022-1027, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and etiology of abdominal distension in children with different ages.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 1 561 children who were admitted due to abdominal distension from January 2013 to October 2016, including clinical manifestations, radiological examination, pathological results, and disease diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 561 children, there were 823 neonates (aged <28 days), 307 infants (aged 28 days to 1 year), 186 toddlers (aged 1-3 years), 120 preschool children (aged 3-6 years), 106 school-aged children (aged 6-12 years), and 19 adolescents (aged 12-17 years). Vomiting was the major associated symptom in neonates, infants, toddlers, and school-aged children, abdominal pain was the major associated symptom in pre-school children, and vomiting and abdominal pain were the major associated symptoms in adolescents. Hypoactive bowel sound was the major accompanying sign in neonates and infants, and abdominal tenderness was the major accompanying sign in the other four age groups. Plain abdominal radiograph showed intestinal inflation in neonates and intestinal inflation with an air-fluid level in the other five age groups. Histopathological examination was performed for 339 children and the pathological results of intestinal tissue showed small, few, or poorly developed submucosal ganglion cells in neonates, intestinal inflammation/bleeding/necrosis in infants, and appendicitis in the other age groups. Necrotizing enterocolitis was the main cause of abdominal distension in neonates (34.4%), and intestinal obstruction was the main cause in infants (36.8%), toddlers (52.2%), pre-school children (51.7%), school-aged children (62.3%), and adolescents (52.6%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vomiting is a common symptom in children with abdominal distension in all age groups. Neonates and infants with abdominal distension often present with hypoactive bowel sounds, and children over 1 year old mainly suffer from abdominal tenderness. Necrotizing enterocolitis is the most common cause of neonatal abdominal distension, and abdominal distension in the other age groups is mainly attributed to intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Appendicitis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Hemorrhage , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Intestinal Diseases , Retrospective Studies
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 645-652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780147

ABSTRACT

A hyper-bilirubin cell model was established for its relevance to the pathological state of jaundice in human. This model was used to screen for the pharmacological components of Yin-Zhi-huang (YZH). Total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin in cells, and direct bilirubin in extracellular fluid were quantified after HepaRG cells were incubated with serum from rats injected with multiple components of YZH. Cellular uptake was determined by dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (DMRM) using LC-MS/MS. We found that the stable hyper-bilirubin HepaRG cell model could be established by incubating cells with 40 μg·mL-1 bilirubin and 50 μg·mL-1 probenecid. When the hyper-bilirubin cell model was incubated with serum from rats of YZH injection, there were 52.4% and 60.1% decrease in intercellular total bilirubin and indirect bilirubin, respectively, and 52.5% increase in extracellular direct bilirubin. Using DMRM mode, 53 components could be determined, and 8 potential bioactive candidates were identified from the serum. This method could be used to screen for bioactive metabolites of YZH. This strategy is simple, highly active, sensitive and specific, providing a new method for high throughput screening of therapeutic or toxic metabolites from traditional Chinese medicine. The regulations of Ethics Committee in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University were abided in the rat experiment of this study.

5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 596-607, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A new technique of transthoracic lung ultrasonography (TLS) has emerged and demonstrated promising results in acute heart failure diagnosis at an early stage. However, the diagnostic value of ultrasound lung comets (ULCs) for acute heart failure (AHF) performed in busy emergency department (ED) is uncertain. The present meta-analysis aimed to assess the diagnostic efficiency of ULCs in AHF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a search on online journal databases to collect the data on TLS performed for diagnosing AHF published up to the end of July 2017. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve were calculated. The post-test probability of AHF was calculated by using Bayes analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We enrolled a total of 15 studies involving 3,309 patients. The value of sensitivity, specificity, PLR, NLR, DOR, area under the SROC curve, and Q* index was 85%, 91%, 8.94, 0.14, 67.24, 0.9587, and 0.9026, respectively. We detected significant heterogeneity among included studies, and therefore, all these results were analyzed under the random-effect model. We also explored possible sources of heterogeneity among the studies by using meta-regression analysis. Results suggest that the time interval between patient's admission to bedside TLS examination was closely related to TLS accuracy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This meta-analysis demonstrated that detecting ULCs is a convenient bedside tool and has high accuracy for early AHF diagnosis in ED. TLS could be recommended to be applied for early diagnosis of AHF in ED.</p>

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 950-955, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687003

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced oxidative stress and endothelial apoptosis are essential for atherosclerosis. Our previous study has shown that ox-LDL-induced apoptosis is mediated by the protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)/eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α-subunit (eIF2α)/CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway in endothelial cells. Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs that exert pleiotropic effects including suppression of oxidative stress. This study aimed to explore the roles of simvastatin on ox-LDL-induced ER stress and apoptosis in endothelial cells.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with simvastatin (0.1, 0.5, or 2.5 μmol/L) or DEVD-CHO (selective inhibitor of caspase-3, 100 μmol/L) for 1 h before the addition of ox-LDL (100 μg/ml) and then incubated for 24 h, and untreated cells were used as a control group. Apoptosis, expression of PERK, phosphorylation of eIF2α, CHOP mRNA level, and caspase-3 activity were measured. Comparisons among multiple groups were performed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post hoc pairwise comparisons using Tukey's tests. A value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.</p><p><b>Results</b>Exposure of HUVECs to ox-LDL resulted in a significant increase in apoptosis (31.9% vs. 4.9%, P < 0.05). Simvastatin (0.1, 0.5, and 2.5 μmol/L) led to a suppression of ox-LDL-induced apoptosis (28.0%, 24.7%, and 13.8%, F = 15.039, all P < 0.05, compared with control group). Ox-LDL significantly increased the expression of PERK (499.5%, P < 0.05) and phosphorylation of eIF2α (451.6%, P < 0.05), if both of which in the control groups were considered as 100%. Simvastatin treatment (0.1, 0.5, and 2.5 μmol/L) blunted ox-LDL-induced expression of PERK (407.8%, 339.1%, and 187.5%, F = 10.121, all P < 0.05, compared with control group) and phosphorylation of eIF2α (407.8%, 339.1%, 187.5%, F = 11.430, all P < 0.05, compared with control group). In contrast, DEVD-CHO treatment had no significant effect on ox-LDL-induced expression of PERK (486.4%) and phosphorylation of eIF2α (418.8%). Exposure of HUVECs to ox-LDL also markedly induced caspase-3 activity together with increased CHOP mRNA level; these effects were inhibited by simvastatin treatment.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>This study suggested that simvastatin could inhibit ox-LDL-induced ER stress and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Pharmacology , Oligopeptides , Pharmacology , Simvastatin , Pharmacology
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 253-257, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779586

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the effects of metoprolol (METO) or/and pravastatin (PRAV) on the pharmacokinetics of metformin (METF) in rats. Twenty-eight male SD rats were divided into METF group, METF+METO group, METF+PRAV group and METF+METO+PRAV group. Blood samples were collected at 10, 20, 40, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, 480 and 600 min after oral administration of metformin, and concentration of metformin in plasma was determined by HPLC. Compared to the METF group, Cmax of metformin was significantly decreased (P0-t, t1/2 and V were significantly increased in the METF+METO group; t1/2 was significantly decreased in the METF+PRAV group; Cmax was significantly decreased and MRT0-t was significantly increased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. Compared to the METF+METO group, MRT0-t of metformin was significantly decreased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. Compared to the METF+PRAV group, Cmax of metformin was significantly decreased (P0-t, t1/2 and V were significantly increased in the METF+METO+PRAV group. There exist multiple drug interactions of metformin, metoprolol and pravastatin in rats.

8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 55-66, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8207

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Insufficient sensitivity and specificity prevent the use of most existing biomarkers for early detection of breast cancer. Recently, it was reported that serum microRNAs (miRNAs) may be potential biomarkers in many cancer diseases. In this study, we investigated whether serum levels of 5 miRNAs including miR-21, miR-125b, miR-145, miR-155, and miR-365 could discriminate breast cancer patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Serum levels of miRNAs were measured by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 99 breast cancer patients and 21 healthy controls. The abundance change of serum miRNAs were also evaluated following surgical resection in 20 breast cancer patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers. RESULTS: Serum levels of miR-21 and miR-155 was significantly higher, while miR-365 was significantly lower in breast cancer as compared with healthy controls. The serum levels of miR-21 and miR-155 significantly decreased following surgical resection. Additionally, the serum level of miR-155 at stages I and II was significantly higher compared to stage III. The serum miR-145 level was remarkably higher in progesterone receptor (PR)-positive patients than PR-negative. The positivity of miR-21, miR-155, and miR-365 was high compared to CA 153 and CEA in breast cancer. ROC curve analyses of a combination of miR-21, miR-155, and miR-365 yielded much higher area under curve and enhanced sensitivity and specificity in comparison to each miRNA alone. CONCLUSION: The combination of serum miR-21/miR-155/miR-365 may potentially serve as a sensitive and specific biomarker that enables differentiation of breast cancer from healthy controls.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Biomarkers , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , MicroRNAs , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Progesterone , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 868-876, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>PERK/eIF2α/CHOP is a major signaling pathway mediating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress related with atherosclerosis. Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) also induces endothelial apoptosis and plays a vital role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. The present study was conducted to explore the regulatory effect of ox-LDL on PERK/eIF2α/CHOP signaling pathway in vascular endothelial cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of ox-LDL on PERK and p-eIF2α protein expression of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were investigated by Western blot analysis. PERK gene silencing and selective eIF2α phosphatase inhibitor, salubrinal were used to inhibit the process of ox-LDL induced endothelial cell apoptosis, caspase-3 activity, and CHOP mRNA level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ox-LDL treatment significantly increased the expression of PERK, PERK-mediated inactivation of eIF2α phosphorylation, and the expression of CHOP, as well as the caspase-3 activity and apoptosis. The effects of ox-LDL were markedly decreased by knocking down PERK with stable transduction of lentiviral shRNA or by selective eIF2α phosphatase inhibitor, salubrinal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study provides the first evidence that ox-LDL induces apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells mediated largely via the PERK/eIF2α/CHOP ER-stress pathway. It adds new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor CHOP , Genetics , Metabolism , eIF-2 Kinase , Genetics , Metabolism
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1492-1496, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of one lung ventilation (OLV) preconditioning on perioperative oxygenation during pediatric video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries (VATS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 171 children aged 5 days to 11 years underwent VATS for empyema dissection and abscess excisions (n=55), mediastinal tumor resection (n=34), repair of the diaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic plication (n=21), pulmonary lobectomy or biopsy (n=43), or esophageal disease (n=18). Of these patients, 127 were younger than 3 years of age. A 5-Fr pediatric endobronchial blocker was used for OLV with a delivered inspired oxygen fraction (FiO(2)) of 1.0. After lateral decubitus, a sequential protocol of a 5- to 8-min OLV preconditioning and a 5-min two lung ventilation (TLV) was performed followed by OLV again before incision for VATS. In cases of a SpO(2)<95% without malposition of the blocker during OLV, a 5 cm H(2)O positive end expiratory pressure was applied; TLV was maintained for a SpO(2)<90%.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>OLV provided good surgical conditions in 160 cases. Acceptable saturations were achieved in 166 cases during OLV. In 2 cases in empyema group and 3 in esophageal disease group, the ventilation protocol was converted to intermittent TLV during the operation due to hypoxemia. In esophageal disease group, the procedure and OLV duration, postoperative ventilation time and length of stay (LOS) were the longest among the groups, and the number of cases developing postoperative atelectasis was greater than that in diaphragmatic hernia and pulmonary disease groups. In empyema and esophageal disease groups, the oxygenation index (PaO(2)/FiO(2)) after total collapse of the lung in OLV and after extubation were lower than that in mediastinal tumor group (P<0.05 or 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A OLV preconditioning can maintain an acceptable oxygenation during pediatric OLV. A longer procedure and OLV duration is associated with a prolonged postoperative length of ventilation and LOS.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Blood Gas Analysis , Hypoxia , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Respiration, Artificial , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1603-1606, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320036

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the change of plasma concentration of digoxin (DIG) in rats with ovariectomy. Twelve female SD rats were randomly assigned into ovariectomized group and sham group (n = 6). All rats plasma was collected after a single dose of 2 mg x kg(-1) DIG administrated orally, serum DIG concentration was determined by LC-MS/MS. The level of P-gp in the intestinal was analyzed by Western blotting. Pharmacokinetic calculations were performed on each individual using DAS 2.0 practical pharmacokinetic software. Compared with the sham group, C(max) of ovariectomized group decreased significantly (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference of AUC(0-t), and the level of P-gp was elevated in ovariectomized group. It was found that C(max) of DIG was significantly reduced after ovariectomy, and the change was associated with the decreased level of estrogen, which contributes to the increased level of P-gp.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, Liquid , Digoxin , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Disease Models, Animal , Estrogens , Blood , Ovariectomy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 142-145, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study was to detect the plasma thrombomodulin (TM), D-dimer and fibrinogen in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to analyze their relationship with morbid state, and also to investigate the relationship of the expression of coagulation factor with the ratio of myeloma cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ELISA was used to detect the TM level in 45 cases of MM at different stages. The plasma level of D-dimer and fibrinogen was detected by STA automatic coagulation analyser.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of plasma TM in newly diagnosed patients was higer than that in normal control group and in platform stage group (P < 0.01; P < 0.05). There were significant differences between relapsed or refractory group and normal control group or those reached platform stage group (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the level of plasma TM in the group of thalidomide combined with chemotherapy was higer than that in newly diagnosed patients (P < 0.05). The level of plasma D-dimer and fibrinogen of MM patients was higher than that in normal controls (P < 0.01;P < 0.05). The expression of D-Dimer in relapsed or refractory group reached the maximum. Also, the level of plasma D-Dimer in group of thalidomide combined chemotherapy was higer than in newly diagnosed patients (P < 0.05). The expression of coagulation factor did not correlate with the ratio of myeloma cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Level of plasma TM, D-Dimer and fibrinogen of MM patients is higher than that in control group. The level of plasma TM and D-Dimer can be elevated when thalidomide used, which indirectly suggested the tendency for thrombosis in MM patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Fibrinogen , Multiple Myeloma , Thalidomide , Thrombomodulin , Thrombosis
13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 546-552, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250380

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify the differentially expressed genes after silencing of β-catenin in multiple myeloma transduced with β-catenin shRNA. The DNA microarray dataset GSE17385 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus, including 3 samples of MM1.S (human multiple myeloma cell lines) cells transduced with control shRNA and 3 samples of MM1.S cells transduced with β-catenin shRNA. Then the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by using Limma. Their underlying functions were analyzed by employing Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses. Moreover, DEGs annotation was conducted based on the databases of tumor associated genes, tumor suppressed genes and the transcriptional regulation from patterns to profiles. Furthermore, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) relationship was obtained from STRING and the protein-protein interaction network and the functional modules were visualized by Cytoscape. Then, the pathway enrichment for the DEGs in the functional module was performed. A total of 301 DEGs, including 124 up-regulated and 117 down-regulated DEGs, were screened. Functional enrichment showed that CCNB1 and CDK1 were significantly related to the function of cell proliferation. FOS and JUN were related to innate immune response-activating signal transduction. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated that CCNB1 and CDK1 were most significantly enriched in the pathway of cell cycle. Besides, FOS and JUN were significantly enriched in the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. FOXM1 was identified as a transcription factor. Moreover, there existed interactions among CCNB1, FOXM1 and CDK1 in PPI network. The expression of FOS, JUN, CCNB1, FOXM1 and CDK1 may be affected by β-catenin in multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Humans , CDC2 Protein Kinase , Cyclin B1 , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases , Genetics , Forkhead Box Protein M1 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Silencing , Multiple Myeloma , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins v-fos , Genetics , Protein Interaction Maps , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Genetics , beta Catenin , Genetics
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 269-273, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301838

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the difference of anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) between the ways using periosteal dissector and electric scalpel to release medial collateral ligament and pes anserinus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2009 to September 2012, 220 patients with unilateral osteoarthritis were treated with primary TKA in hospital 301. All the patients were randomly divided into periosteal dissector group (110 cases) or electric scalpel group (110 cases). In the periosteal dissector group, there were 47 males and 63 females,with an average age of (58.8 +/- 17.2) years old; the degree of genuavarus was (14.0 +/- 3.5) degrees; the weight was (65.6 +/- 12.8) kg; the body mass index (BMI) was (26.6 +/- 3.6) kg/m2. In the electric scalpel group,there were 49 males and 61 females,with an average age of (59.6 +/- 16.7) years old;the degree of genuavarus was (15.0 +/- 4.7) degrees; the weight was (66.4 +/- 13.4) kg; the BMI was (27.4 +/- 4.1) kg/m2. The mean follow-up period was 24.6 months. The AKS, VAS and HSS were used to evaluate clinical results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All incisions healed at the first stage;no deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs or pulmonary embolism occurred. Knee infection occurred in 3 cases (1 in the periosteal dissector group and 2 in the electric scalpel group), and the 3 patients received stage 2 total knee revision using antibiotic bone cement and TC3 prosthesis. No recurrence of infection occurred during follow-up. Among the 20 patients who had anterior knee pain, 16 patients were in the periosteal dissector group and 4 patients were in the electric scalpel group. The occurrence rate of anterior knee pain in the electric scalpel group was lower than that in the periosteal dissector group. The AKS knee score and HSS score after total knee arthroplasty in the electric scalpel group were all higher than those in the periosteal dissector group, and the VAS in electric scalpel group was lower than that of periosteal dossector group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with using electric scalpel,using periosteal dissector used to release medial collateral ligament and pes anserinus may cause more anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Case-Control Studies , Knee Joint , General Surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Tibia , Pathology , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 72-77, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297968

ABSTRACT

The study aims to establish a method for simultaneous determination of repaglinide and pravastatin sodium in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS and to study its pharmacokinetic interactions. Eighteen male SD rats were divided into repaglinide group, pravastatin sodium group and co-administration group. Blood samples were collected at different times after oral administration. Repaglinide and pravastatin sodium in rat plasma were separated by Agilent HC-C18 with the mobile phase consisting of methanol-0.1% formic acid (80 : 20). Detection and quantification were performed by using ESI-MS. The detector was operated in selected Reaction-monitoring mode at m/z 453.3-->230.1 for repaglinide, m/z 447.2-->327.4 for pravastatin sodium and m/z 285.1-->192.9 for diazepam as the internal standard. The calibration curve obtained was linear (R2>0.99) over the concentration range of 9.77-10,000 ng.mL-1 for repaglinide and 4.88-625 ng.mL-1 for pravastatin sodium. Compared with the single administration group, Cmax and AUC0-6h of repaglinide increased significantly (P<0.05) and tmax of pravastatin sodium prolonged (P<0.05) in co-administration group. The method is found to be simple, sensitive and accurate for determining the concentration of repaglinide and pravastatin sodium in rat plasma. There exists pharmacokinetic interactions in the co-administration of repaglinide and pravastatin sodium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Administration, Oral , Carbamates , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Interactions , Piperidines , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Pravastatin , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
16.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 606-10, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636486

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the clinical effect of impaction bone graft and distal press-fit fixation for the reconstruction of severe femoral bone defect in revision total hip arthroplasty. A total of 234 patients (involving 236 hips) with Paprosky III and IV femoral bone defects were treated with the revision total hip arthroplasty from June 1998 to Aug. 2006. Impaction bone graft technique was used for 112 hips, with allogeneic freeze-dried bone as bone graft and SPII as prosthesis. With 124 hips, modular distal press-fit fixation and tapered femoral stem (MP stem) were employed. After the operation, the subjects were followed up on regular basis and results were assessed by using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). Radiolucence, subsidence and loosening were observed and complications, including infection, fracture, dislocation etc. were recorded. A 6-14-year follow-up showed that prostheses failed, due to infection, in 4 patients of impaction bone graft group and that 6 patients in the press-fit fixation group experienced prosthesis failure, with the survival rates for the two techniques being 96.43% and 95.16%, respectively. One-way ANOVA showed that prosthesis survival was significantly associated with surgery-related complications (P0.05). The rate of complications bore significant association with the type of bone defects in the two groups (P<0.05). Our study showed that the two revision methods could achieve satisfactory mid-term and long-term results for the reconstruction of severe bone defects. It is of great significance for attaining high prosthesis survival rate to select suitable operation on the basis of the type of bone defect. Careful operative manipulation and post-operative rehabilitation aimed at reducing complications are also important.

17.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 398-405, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636465

ABSTRACT

Preoperative planning of corrective osteotomy with traditional radiography has limitations in regards to determining the ideal osteotomy location and orientation in three-dimensional femoral deformities. Though a successful operation can be planned preoperatively, intraoperative contingencies might adhere to the procedural plan in the performance of operation. To efficiently perform a planned procedure, proposed is a design to implement three-dimensional reconstruction photography, based on computer-tomography (CT) scan. A custom-made guide was designed to navigate the osteotomy as planned, and additionally, a personalized intramedullary nail was used for fixation after osteotomy. Three-dimensional (3D) photography of deformed femur was established based on the CT dataset and transferred into 3D photography processing software for further planning. Osteotomy planes were designed and adjusted at deformity sites to correct the 3D deformities. The methodology of a custom-made osteotomy guide was introduced in femoral corrective osteotomy, for the first time, to navigate the operation as planned. After the virtual osteotomy and reduction of bone segments, the parameters of a custom-made intramedullary nail were measured for manufacturing. Findings Virtual operation in computer shows complete correction of the 3D deformity. The osteotomy guide, obtained by rapid-prototyping techniques, navigates mimicking surgery on rapid-prototyping model of the involved femur as planned. Internal fixation was achieved using the custom-made intramedullary nail. Interpretation three-dimensional visualization introduces an advantage in preoperative planning for corrective osteotomy of 3D femoral deformity, and the custom-made osteotomy guide is crucial to realize such a deliberate plan during the actual procedures. The internal fixator, such as an intramedullary nail, can be modified or personalized for fixation in unique cases.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 119-123, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344782

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficacy of self-made, antibiotic-loaded cement articulating spacer in the treatment of infected total knee arthroplasty.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The self-made molds were used to form the spacer during the operation. From March 2002 to March 2007, 22 patients with infected knee arthroplasty (10 males with 10 knees, 12 females with 12 knees) were treated with this kind of spacer in our center. The mean age of the patients was 59.6 years old (33 to 75 years old). The interval time between primary arthroplasty and first onset of infective syndrome was 6.7 months (1 to 14 months). The diagnosis was established by the clinical presentation,serum laboratory inflammatory markers (white blood cell count,erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein) and knee aspiration. The serum laboratory inflammatory markers were used to measure the systemic response to infection. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was regularly performed by HSS score system and X-ray.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed, the average interval between debridement and reimplantation was 4.7 months (3 to 9 months) and the infection control rate was 100% after the implantation of spacer. The average follow-up duration after reimplantation was 29.8 months (10 to 64 months) and there was no recurrence of infection at the latest follow-up. The HSS score increased from 40.5+/-5.9 to 65.8+/-7.5 after the implantation of spacer, furthermore, the score reached 88.7+/-5.1 in average at the latest follow-up. The patient satisfaction rate was 95.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This self-made molds and spacers is a reliable approach for the management of infected knee arthroplasty with some virtues, such as providing a mobile and functional joint through the treatment course, decreasing the difficulty of reimplantation, avoiding of a long-term post-operative infusion and high effective for eradicating infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Bone Cements , Debridement , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Therapeutics , Replantation
19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 398-405, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343084

ABSTRACT

Preoperative planning of corrective osteotomy with traditional radiography has limitations in regards to determining the ideal osteotomy location and orientation in three-dimensional femoral deformities. Though a successful operation can be planned preoperatively, intraoperative contingencies might adhere to the procedural plan in the performance of operation. To efficiently perform a planned procedure, proposed is a design to implement three-dimensional reconstruction photography, based on computer-tomography (CT) scan. A custom-made guide was designed to navigate the osteotomy as planned, and additionally, a personalized intramedullary nail was used for fixation after osteotomy. Three-dimensional (3D) photography of deformed femur was established based on the CT dataset and transferred into 3D photography processing software for further planning. Osteotomy planes were designed and adjusted at deformity sites to correct the 3D deformities. The methodology of a custom-made osteotomy guide was introduced in femoral corrective osteotomy, for the first time, to navigate the operation as planned. After the virtual osteotomy and reduction of bone segments, the parameters of a custom-made intramedullary nail were measured for manufacturing. Findings Virtual operation in computer shows complete correction of the 3D deformity. The osteotomy guide, obtained by rapid-prototyping techniques, navigates mimicking surgery on rapid-prototyping model of the involved femur as planned. Internal fixation was achieved using the custom-made intramedullary nail. Interpretation three-dimensional visualization introduces an advantage in preoperative planning for corrective osteotomy of 3D femoral deformity, and the custom-made osteotomy guide is crucial to realize such a deliberate plan during the actual procedures. The internal fixator, such as an intramedullary nail, can be modified or personalized for fixation in unique cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer-Aided Design , Equipment Failure Analysis , Femur , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Fiducial Markers , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Osteotomy , Methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Methods
20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 365-370, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320331

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The mechanism through which platelet activating factor (PAF) induces cardiac electrical activity and arrhythmia is not well understood and previous studies have suggested a potential involvement of ion channels in its action. The present study was aimed to clarify the role of PAF in fatal arrhythmias following acute myocardia infarction (AMI) and the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(1) Blood PAF levels were measured among 72 AMI patients at the time of diagnosis with AMI and 48 h later, and their electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded continuously. (2) Ischemia simulation and surface electrocardiogram were conducted in 20 pigs and their PAF levels were measured. (3) PAF perfusion and standard microelectrode recording were performed on guinea pig papillary muscles.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both humans and pigs, elevated PAF levels were detected in AMI and simulated ischemia, respectively, and even higher PAF levels were found when fatal arrhythmias occurred. In guinea pig myocardium, PAF induced a shortening of action potential duration at 90% level of repolarization (APD90)under non-ischemic conditions and a more pronounced shortening under early simulated ischemic conditions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AMI and ischemia are associated with increased PAF levels in humans and pigs, which are further raised when fatal arrhythmia follows. The effects of PAF on the myocardium may be mediated by multiple ion channels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Blood , Electrocardiography , Heart , Myocardial Ischemia , Blood , Platelet Activating Factor , Metabolism , Swine
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