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1.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 28 (1): 129-134
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-153887

ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine the antioxidant and antibacterial activities and phenolic contents of Conyza bonariensis growing in Yemen. The whole plants of C. bonariensis were ultrasonically extracted by ethanol. The antioxidant activity of the extract was determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] and beta -carotene bleaching [BCB]. The effectiveness of the extract on the growth inhibition of some indicators of foodborne illness bacteria were investigated by agar well diffusion assay. The total phenols [TP], total flavonoids [TF], total tannins [TT], and total anthocyanins [TA] were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method, aluminium chloride method, Folin and Ciocalteu method, and pH-differential method, respectively. The extract of C. bonariensis possessed TP 144.1 mg/g, TF 143 mg/g, TT 0.99mg/g, and TA 0.97mg 100g, with 94.57% inhibition of DPPH and 92.47% inhibition of BCB, and strong inhibitory effects against tested bacteria, which was approximate to those of peel extract of Punica granatum


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Anti-Bacterial Agents , 37052 , Plant Extracts
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 366-371, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235658

ABSTRACT

A novel peptide, named BF2-X, was designed based on the structure-activity analysis of an analogue of Buforin II, named BF2-A. The BF2-X was a hybrid peptide containing the N-terminal residues 5 to 13 of BF2-A and three repeats of the C-terminal regular alpha-helical motif RLLR, and the residues 8 valine were replaced by leucine. The results of bioinformatics analysis had showed that compared with BF2-A, the helicity, positive charge, hydrophobicity rate and C-terminal amphipathy of BF2-X had remarkably enhanced. Both peptides showed a random coil structure in an aqueous solution, while displaying a typical alpha-helical structure in 50% trifluoroethanol solution (a membrane mimic condition). BF2-X exhibited higher alpha-helical contents than BF2-A in hydrophobic environment. BF2-X displayed potent antimicrobial activities against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. And BF2-X showed stronger antimicrobial activities against bacteria tested than parent peptide BF2-A. These results suggest that the alpha-helical content was directly correlated with the enhanced antibacterial activity. Both peptides had no hemolytic action on mouse erythrocyte.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Bacteria , Circular Dichroism , Hemolysis , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Mice , Protein Structure, Secondary , Proteins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685110

ABSTRACT

Mice was stimulated by peptidoglycan from Lactobacillus sp and detect cytokines production。It was found that PG induced the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1,TNF-? in peritoneal macrophages,IFN-? in spleen cell)and did not induce the IL-2 production in spleen cell. Affymetrix MOE430A genechip was used to analyze changed gene expression of immune cells. It was found that expression of cytokines and related genes were changed under peptidoglycan administration. This might induced by activation of TLR-NF-?B signal pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684871

ABSTRACT

To study the influence of foreign plasmid DNA on spleen metabolism in immune-stimulated mice via the gastrointestinal tract. Mice were oral administered by pipette with 200?g of plasmid pcDNA3 and spleen were isolated at 4h and 18h after oral administration. Total RNA were extracted from spleen and spleen gene expression profile of Balb/c mice was analyzed by using Affymetrix oligonucleotide genechip after oral plasmid pcDNA3 administration. Functional cluster analysis was conducted by Genmapp and MAPPFinder software. By functional cluster analyzing the genes which were up-regulated more than twofolds, Genmapp results showed that plenty of metabolic pathway were induced in spleen after oral administration of plasmid pcDNA3. These metabolic process included purine metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, protein synthesis, cholesterol synthesis, fatty acid synthesis, Glycolysis, TCA cycle and mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation pathway. The similar results also took place at 18h after oral administration. The result indicated that foreign plasmid DNA can modulate metabolism process in spleen of mice via the gastrointestinal tract, and may help understand the mechanism of action of foreign plasmid DNA uptaked via the gastrointestinal tract.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299198

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of nucleotides on apoptosis of thymocytes in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Apoptosis model in vivo was first established and 25 KM mice, 4 weeks old, were randomly divided into 5 groups. One group was control, and the others were test groups. Mice in test groups were injected with DEX (25 mg/kg) and the controls were treated with normal saline. 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours later the thymus and spleen were weighed and lymphocytes in thymus were separated. The apoptosis of lymphocytes was analyzed by using DNA electrophoresis and flow cytometry. 16 hours later lymphocytes apoptosis reached a peak and lasted 24 hours. Methods used to establish apoptosis model in vivo were: mice (4 weeks old) were injected with DEX (25 mg/kg), and thymus lymphocytes were separated 16 hours later and analyzed. The effects of nucleotides on apoptosis of mice thymocytes were investigated in experiment 2. Sixty KM mice, 20 g +/- 2g, 4 weeks old, were divided into four treatments: negative control group (NC), positive control group (PC), nucleotides-additive group 1 (NTS1) and nucleotides-additive group 2 (NTS2).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Body weight gained in NST1 and NST2 were 3.71 g, 4.01 g respectively, significantly higher than NC (2.74 g) (P < 0.01) and in NST2 was significantly higher than in PC (2.96 g) (P < 0.01). Thymus index and spleen index were decreased significantly (P < 0.01), and no difference was found with the supplementation of nucleotides (P > 0.05). [Ca2+]i increased to 167.37 nmol/L, 191.16 nmol/L, 180.78 nmol/L in PC, NST1 and NST2 with DEX, being significantly higher than in NC (103.76 nmol/L) (P < 0.01). The percent of apoptosised thymocytes in groups were 0.31%, 11.93%, 9.82%, 11.15%, respectively. Thymus index and spleen index, cell apoptosis and [Ca2+]i were not differed significantly among PC, NTS1 and NTS2 groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nucleotides should have no significant effects on apoptosis of thymocytes in mice in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Dexamethasone , Pharmacology , Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Male , Mice , Nucleotides , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Thymus Gland , Cell Biology
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 282-285, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231334

ABSTRACT

Peptide nucleic acid(PNA) is a kind of artificial DNA mimic. PNA hybridizes with DNA or RNA by means of Watson-Crick's base-pairs complementary with high stability, affinity and selectivity. PNA not only regulates. DNA replication, but also adjusts DNA transcription (or reverse transcription) and translation. Many applications have been explored as a new kind of molecular biological tool and a gene-targeting strategy.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation , Peptide Nucleic Acids , Pharmacology , Protein Biosynthesis , Transcription, Genetic
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