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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of femoral offset (FO) on the postoperative functional results of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in femoral trochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to June 2019, 112 patients receiving PFNA were analyzed, X-ray and CT examination of both hips were performed before operation, and X-ray examination of both hips of pelvis was performed on the first day after operation. Among them, 71 patients showed bilateral FO difference≤ 5 mm on positive X-ray film (group A), and 41 patients showed bilateral FO difference>5 mm (group B). There was no significant difference between two groups in gender, age, operative side, course of disease, Harris score of preoperative hip joint, preoperativeFO(@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for 12 months after surgery, and all patients reached the healing criteria. The difference of Harris score of the hip joint at 6 and 12 months after surgery was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of trochanteric fractures with PFNA, the greater the difference of FO between the two sides, the worse the postoperative function of the patients. The appropriate FO(the difference of FO between the two sides ≤5 mm) can improve the postoperative function of the patients.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly femoral intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 109 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who received PFNA treatment from July 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Both pelvic hip X-rays and CT plain scans were performed before surgery. All patients were diagnosed by X-ray and CT plain scan of pelvis and hip before operation. Through the statistical analysis of the basic data of patients before and during operation, the risk factors of perioperative blood transfusion were explored.@*RESULTS@#Logistic regression analysis showed that age (@*CONCLUSION@#Age, fracture type, diabetes history, and preoperative hemoglobin are independent risk factors for perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures with PFNA. The older the patient, the history of diabetes, the more unstable the fracture, and the lower preoperative hemoglobin, the more likely it is to require a blood transfusion, which may provide a reference for clinical perioperative blood transfusion decisions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Transfusion , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of hidden blood loss (HBL) during the treatment of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty from March 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent X rays of the AP and lateral lumbar spine, double oblique, and dynamic positions. Lumbar spine CT, MRI, and dual energy X ray bone densitometer (DXA) were used to confirm the diagnosis. There were 55 males and 70 females, 10 cases of thoracic vertebrae, 89 cases of thoracolumbar vertebrae, 26 cases of lumbar vertebrae, 87 cases with single segment, 29 cases with double segment,and 9 cases with 3 segments. The vertebral compression height ratios of 67 patients were less than 1 / 3, and the ratios for 41 patients were from 1 / 3 to 2 / 3,for 17 patients were more than 2 / 3. Blood routine examination were performed before and 3 days after surgery to analyze hidden blood loss and to explore its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The average hidden blood loss was (317±156) ml in 125 patients. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a history of diabetes(=0.011),surgical segments(=0.036),number of segments (<0.001),vertebral height loss rate (=0.002),vertebral height recovery rate (<0.001) and bone cement leakage rate (=0.003) were positively correlated with hidden blood loss. Moreover,it was found that the blood loss was higher in those with higher vertebral height loss rate than in those with lower vertebral height loss rate, and the blood loss was higher in those with good vertebral height recovery than those with poor vertebral height recovery. Additionally,the cement leakage was also an important factor in increasing hidden blood loss. However,there was no significant correlation between bone mineral density(=0.814) or history of hypertension(=0.055) and hidden blood loss.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with OVCFs have a large amount of hidden blood loss after PVP treatment, which needs attention. At the same time, the history of diabetes, surgical segments, number of segments, bone cement leakage rate, vertebral height loss rate and vertebral height recovery rate are the risk factors for hidden blood loss.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate therapeutic effect of minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) through a single incision in treating open distal tibiofibula fractures.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to February 2019, 10 patients with open distal tibiofibula fractures were treated with MIPPO technique through single anterolateral incision, including 8 males and 2 females, aged from 31 to 68 years old. According to Gustilo classification, 6 patients were typeⅠ, 3 patients were typeⅡand 1 patient was type ⅢA. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing were observed, Mazur ankle joint scoring was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months. Operative time ranged from 85 to 120 min, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 200 ml, fracture healing time ranged from 18 to 30 weeks. Nine patients with Gustilo typeⅠandⅡachieved satisfactory healing wound, original wound of 1 patient with Gustilo type ⅢA was poor, and healed by skin flap transplantation at stageⅡ. No steel exposed and infection occurred. According to Mazur ankle scoring at the final following-up, total score was from 61 to 97, and 8 patients got excellent result, 1 good and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#MIPPO technique through anterolateral single incision for the treatment of open distal tibiofibula fractures could protect original medial wound in opertaion, avoid plate exposed through anterolateral extensor tendon to cover internal fixation, and MIPPO technique could protect fracture end blood flow to improve fracture healing rate, and it is a kind of choice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical effects of the different pedicle screw fixation methods for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 55 patients with single thoracolumbar fractures treated between January 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 23 females, aged from 20 to 55 years with an average of 35.6 years old. All the fractures were located on a single segment, 8 cases of T₁₁, 18 cases of T₁₂, 19 cases of L₁, 10 cases of L₂. According to the classification of AO, 10 cases were type A1, 17 cases were type A2, 18 cases were type A3, 7 cases were type B2, 2 cases were type B3, 1 case was type C1. The patients were divided into three groups according to the different fixation methods, among them, 20 cases treated by traditional short-segment 4 pedicle screws fixation were control group, 22 cases treated by intermediate bilateral pedicle screws fixation (6 pedicle screws fixation) were bilateral group, 13 cases treated by intermediate unilateral pedicle screw fixation (5 pedicle screws fixation) were unilateral group. The three groups were compared by operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization cost, VAS and ODI scores, the correction of the fractured vertebrae height and kyphosis angle postoperatively and the losing rate of the fractured vertebrae height and kyphosis angle at the final follow-up and so on.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up from 12 to 20 months with an average of 15.2 months. No complications such as loosening of internal fixation and breakage were found after operation. There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss among three groups(>0.05). In terms of hospitalization cost, the control group[(20 932.4±298.3)yuan] was significantly lower than the unilateral group[(22 428.2±321.5)yuan] and the bilateral group [(23 630.5±310.5)yuan] (0.05). And there was no significant difference in the correction of the injuried vertebrae height and kyphosis angle immediately after operation among three groups(>0.05). However, for the losing rate of the injuried vertebrae height at the final follow-up, the unilateral group[(6.3±2.1)%] and bilateral group [(5.6±2.8)%] were significantly better than the control group[(9.2±1.8)%] (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#All the three different pedicle screw fixation methods are suitable for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures and the short-term clinical effects are consistent. Compared with traditional short-segment 4 pedicle screws fixation, intermediate bilateral or unilateral pedicle screw fixation were more effective in maintaining the height of the injuried vertebrae and preventing the occurrence of kyphosis. The intermediate unilateral pedicle screw fixation was comparable to that of bilateral fixation at clinical outcomes, but the unilateral fixed hospitalization cost was lower, which was worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe clinical effects of posterior short-segment fixation with undermining decompress by posterior ligament complex for the treatment of upper lumbar burst fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From October 2010 to March 2013,23 patients with upper lumbar burst fractures (Denis B type) were treated by posterior short-segment fixation with undermining decompress by posterior ligament complex. There were 18 males and 5 females aged from 26 to 64 years old with an average of 45.7 years old. Twelve patients were caused by falling down, 5 cases were caused by traffic accident, 4 cases were the bruise injury caused by heavy object and 2 cases were caused by other injury. Fourteen patients were L1 fracture and 9 patients were L2 fracture. Thirteen patients were combined with nerve injuries (degree D according to ASIA classification). Internal fixation were removed from 12 to 20 months with an average of 14.3 months. JOA scores and imaging changes were recorded and compared at different time points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 18 to 24 months with an average of 20.4 months. Thirteen patients with nerve injuries were completely recovered at 3 to 6 months after operation. JOA score at 1 year after operation was 20.63 ± 0.92, and 20.38 ± 1.06 at 3 months after removal of internal fixation,which were improved obviously than 9.90 ± 2.73 at 3 months after operation. (P > 0.05) Anterior height of injured vertebrae, vertebral body angle and local Cobb angle was (95.0 ± 0.53)%, (2.78 ± 1.36) and (2.43 ± 1.52) °respectively, and improved obviously than that of before operation (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in JOA scores at 3 months after removal of internal fixation and 1 year after operation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>posterior short-segment fixation with undermining decompress by posterior ligament complex for the treatment of upper lumbar burst fractures has advantages of minimally invasive, could effective recover vertebrae height, maintain stability of spine, decrease low back pain. It is a safe and effective operative method.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>This study aims to evaluate the efficiency of short-segment instrumentation in treating thoracolumbar fractures in our institute.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>Twenty-two patients underwent posterior short-segment instrumentation for thoracolumbar fractures in our institute from 2007 to 2010 were included in this retrospective study. Radiological evaluations were carried out by measuring regional kyphosis angle (RA), anterior vertebral body compression percentage (AVC), and sagittal index (SI) during preoperative, postoperative and final follow-up, with the aim to investigate the rate of correction loss and implantation failure in relation to the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosythese(AO) classification of fracture system and the Load Sharing score system. CT scans were also used to determine the preoperative to postoperative canal compromise ratio. During the final follow-up, clinical outcomes were analysed based on scores from the Denis' Pain's and Work scales and neurological function was scored according to the Frankel classification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the final follow-up (average duration of 15 months), 21 patients (95%) who partially or fully recovered from thoracolumbar fractures were able to resume daily activities with no complaints of pain, or only slight pain. No deterioration in neurological function were recorded. Upon evaluation at each point of time, (preoperative, postoperative and final follow-up), the average RA improved from 21º to 3.5º to 5.6º, average AVC improved from 40.8% to 90.2% to 88.2%, and average SI changed from 19.1º to 3.1º to 4.1º, respectively. Average canal compromise ratio decreased from 45% to 6.7% after surgery. No correlation was found between loss of correction and AO classification of fracture system, and loss of correction and Load Sharing system scores. Also, no correlation was found between clinical outcomes and the correction loss limited to 10º.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior short-segment fixation in thoracolumbar fractures showed a satisfactory outcome in 95% of the patients based on a 15-month follow-up in our institute, even among patients with comminuted fractures injuries.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Equipment Design , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353095

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical characteristics and management of non-traumatic epidural sequestered cervical disc extrusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2002 to July 2011, the clinical data of 10 patients with non-traumatic epidural sequestered cervical disc extrusion were treated by anterior cervical mostly vertebraectomy and nucleus pulposus removal after decompression and internal fixation through longitudinal ligament resection. Of them,there were 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 48.2 years old (ranged from 42 to 65), the course of disease ranged from 1 month to 4 years (mean, 15 months). All patients manifested numbness and weakness of four limbs, unstable walking and sphincter of oddi dysfunction. Preoperative MRI showed segmental cervical spinal cord compression. JOA scoring criteria was applied to evaluate preoperative and follow-up neurologic function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 15 to 32 months, with an average of 21 months. No complications related to opreation occurred. Preoperative MRI showed nucelus puplposus sequestered longitudinal ligament were on equal signal on T1-weighted and corresponding pathological,while it showed equal and high signal on T2-weighted. JOA score were increased from 7.20 +/- 1.55 preoperative to 13.60 +/- 1.90 postoperative (t = -11.8, P < 0.001), and excellent in 3 cases, good in 6 cases and moderate in 1 case.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anterior cervical mostly vertebraectomy and nucleus pulposus removal after decompression and internal fixation through longitudinal ligament resection after early diagnosis is the key to success of treating non-traumatic epidural sequestered cervical disc extrusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Epidural Space , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4055-4060, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339901

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>This study aimed to investigate the effect of pcDNA3.1-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)165 vector on vertebral cartilage endplate vascular buds and intervertebral discs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups with 10 in each. In the experimental group, we anesthetized the rabbits and exposed the front vertebral body. Using the mark of the longitudinal ossature of the front vertebral body of the lumbar vertebrae, we advanced a needle at the central point of the front fourth and fifth lumbar intervertebral discs and injected 20 µl pcDNA3.1-VEGF165. Similarly, in the control group, we injected 20 µl pcDNA3.1. At 4 and 8 weeks post-injection, we examined the changes of the vertebral cartilage endplate using X-ray radiograph, histology, and scanning electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The vertebral cartilage endplate calcification and degeneration in the experimental group were less than those in the control group at 8 weeks post-operation. The average number and diameter of vascular buds obviously increased in the experimental group at 4 and 8 weeks post-operation. The number of vascular buds and the diameter in the region of the inner annulus increased when compared to those in the area near the nucleus pulposus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pcDNA3.1-VEGF165 plasmid can increase the average number and diameter of vascular buds and decelerate intervertebral disc degeneration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Genetics , Metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Plasmids , Genetics , Rabbits , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
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