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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1295-1297, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637777

ABSTRACT

Wide- angle viewing system as an important auxiliary device can clearly observe the whole fundus field of vision in vitreous surgery, which enable vitreoretinal surgery more efficient, safer and more effective. So it has very high application value in ophthalmologic operation. In this paper, we studied the development and application of wide - angle viewing system in vitreoretinal surgery in recent years, from which we summed up the advantage of non - contact wide - angle viewing system in clinical field, and pointed out the shortcomings. The ultimate goal is to make the non -contact wide - angle viewing system better applied in vitreous surgery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discriminate Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed to establish the fingerprint of Descurainiae Semen, and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were applied to study HPLC fingerprinting and chemical recognition.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There exists large difference of chromatographic peaks and its relative peak area of HPLC fingerprints between Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen, and after conducting statistical analysis, the result demonstrated that all samples were classified into three categories: Descurainiae Semen, Pantagirus Semen and their mixtures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The developed HPLC fingerprint combined with chemometrics can be utilized to discriminate between Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen, which was quick, simple, accurate and reliable an can provide the basis for the characterization and quality assess of Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen.</p>


Subject(s)
Brassicaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Cluster Analysis , Least-Squares Analysis , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341830

ABSTRACT

"Tinglizi", the ripe seed of Descurainia sophia and Lepidium apetalum, is a member of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Traditionally, the former is called "Nantinglizi" (Descurainiae Semen) while the latter is called "Beitinglizi" (Lepidii Semen). In the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, it has the power to purge lung-fire, relieve dyspnea, promote diuresis and reduce edema, and it is mainly indicated in a case with phlegm-fluid accumulation, cough with excessive sputum, dyspnea with being unable to lie, and general swelling. In view of its wide-spread application in clinic, a comprehensive review of Lepidii Semen and Descurainiae Semen was conducted from the following aspects: herbalogical study, variety identification, historical evolution of processing, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, quantitative determination and toxicity which could provide reference for further research and development of "Tinglizi".


Subject(s)
Brassicaceae , Chemistry , Diuresis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Dyspnea , Drug Therapy , Edema , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lepidium , Chemistry , Lung , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Structure , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Seeds , Chemistry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636111

ABSTRACT

Background Retinal neovascularization disease is a group of threatening-vision eye diseases.Researches showed that cathepsin B is involved in angiogenesis.Exploring a drug which inhibit retinal blood vessels will provide the basis for the molecular mechanism of these diseases.Objective This study was to investigate the inhibitory role of cathepsin B-RNAi-lentivirus on retinal angiogenesis.Methods Sixty 7-day-old C57BL/6J mice were raised together with maternal mice in the closed box with the oxygen concentration of (75-2)% for 5 days to establish the retinal angiogenesis mouse models.The mice were then taken into the normal air environment for continuous raise and were randomized into 3 groups.NC-GFP-LV of 1 μl and the equal volume of cathepsin B-RNAi-lentivirus was intravitreously injected respectively in 40 eyes in the control group and the gene treatment group,and no drug was administered in the 40 eyes of the model group.The mice were sacrificed and retinas were obtained.Expression of cathepsin B protein in the retina was detected by Western blot assay (cathepsin B/β-actin).Real-time PCR was used to detect and compare the expression level of cathepsin B mRNA (2△△Ct).FITC-dextran was used to perform heart infusion for the retinal stretched preparation 5 days after intravitreously injection.Retinal neovascularization was examined by fluorescent angiography.Results The expression level (2-△△Ct) of cathepsin B mRNA was 0.74 ±0.12 in the gene treatment group,showing a significant decline in comparison with 1.66±0.17 and 1.58±0.29 in the model group and control group (q--0.746,1.588,P< 0.01).The expression level of cathepsin B protein (cathepsin B/β-actin) in the retina was 0.64±0.06,0.93±0.09 and 0.96±0.09 respectively in the gene treatment group,model group and control group,indicating a significant reduce in the gene treatment group (q =0.637,0.894,P<0.01).Distorted vessels were seen in the mice retinas of the model group with more branches and vascular anastomosis,and fluorescine leakage was exhibited under the fluorescence microscope.However,the vessels were regular with less branches and angiogenesis.Conclusions Cathepsin B-RNAi-lentivirus can effectively inhibit oxygen-induced retinal angiogenesis in mouse.

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