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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1322-1325, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816767


Objective@#To explore the relationship between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) experience and sexual behavior among female nursing students and to provide a scientific reference for intervening sexual behavior for female nursing students.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2 549 female students majoring nursing from four medical schools (one is a medical college and the other is medical junior college) by self-administered questionnaire. A questionnaire survey regarding demographic information, childhood sexual abuse, sexual behavior was conducted and multi-factor Logistic regression method was used to analyze the effect of childhood sexual abuse in different stages made on their sexual behavior.@*Results@#Among 2 549 female nursing students, 143(5.6%) reported having had sexual intercourse, 141 reported having had sexual intercourse with the opposite sex, 6 reported having had sexual intercourse with the same sex, and 4 reported having sexual intercourse with both sexes. The report rate of sexual behavior of nursing students in undergraduate colleges (6.8%) was lower than that of junior college (3.9%), the second-grade nursing students reported the highest rate of sexual behavior (7.8%), the lowest in first grade (4.0%). Nursing students in good relationship with parents reported lowest rate of sexual behavior(P<0.05). Compared to those who had not experienced CSA, students who had experienced contacting or no-contacting CSA reported a higher percentage engaged in sexual intercourse(P<0.05). CSA in all types and different stages in childhood associated with higher risk of sexual intercourse among nursing students(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Childhood sexual abuse shows significant impacts on sexual behaviors during young adulthood, which warrants further attention to promote physical and mental health of college students.

Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1838-1841, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815629


Objective@#To explore the relationship between childhood abuse, adult attachment and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in college students, and to provide reference for promoting the physical and mental health of college students.@*Methods@#We selected undergraduate students from four colleges in Hefei, a total of 4 034 college students were surveyed by the childhood trauma questionnaire short form(CTQ-SF), the state adult attachment measure (SAAM) and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire(PDQ).@*Results@#BPD was found in 4.2% of subjects, 4.5% of males and 3.7% of females. The score of BPD in non-single-parent families was lower than that in single-parent families, in families with average family economic status was lower than that in families with poor and good family economic status, and in families with medium father education level was lower than that in fathers with low and high education level(Z=-2.30, 29.25, 9.63, P<0.05). Childhood abuse, avoidant attachment and anxious attachment positively predicted BPD(β=0.21, 0.10, 0.23, P<0.01), secure attachment negatively predicted BPD(β=-0.15, P<0.01). Adult attachment played a partial mediating role in the effects of childhood abuse on BPD, with the mediating effect accounting for 16.7% of the total effect.@*Conclusion@#Adult attachment plays a mediating role in the effects of childhood abuse on BPD.

Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1005-1008, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818638


Objective@#To investigate the correlation between childhood maltreatment and quality of life (QOL) in nursing girls in Anhui Province, so as to provide reference for improving QOL of nursing girls.@*Methods@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select students of grade 1 to 3 in nursing major from 2 colleges and 2 specialized colleges by self-administered questionnaire in Anhui province. The questionnaire was conducted to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and QOL of female nursing students. Multiple linear regression model was used to assess the associations between childhood maltreatment and QOL.@*Results@#Among 2 549 female nursing students, the mean scores of 4 dimensions of QOL were physical (12.85±2.01), psychological (13.86±2.40), social relationship (12.83±2.84) and environment (13.37±2.21). The scores of QOL among college students were higher than specialized college students, high grade students were higher, and those who have a good relationship with their parents were higher(P<0.01). The prevalence rates of childhood physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, and emotional neglect were 4.9%, 10.6%, 7.3%, 6.7% and 4.1%, respectively. The scores of QOL were lower among female nursing students with childhood maltreatment than those without childhood maltreatment(P<0.01). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the number of childhood abuse and neglect were negatively correlated with physical, psychological and environmental dimension of QOL, and the number of childhood maltreatment were significantly dose-responsive to quality of life(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The female nursing students are still greatly neglected, and the experience of childhood maltreatment is negatively related to the quality of life among female nursing students.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708365


Objective To study the clinical efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) in the treatment of common bile duct (CBD) stones.Methods This retrospective study of EPLBD for CBD stoneswas conducted between May 2015 and March 2017 on 116 patients.The patients were divided into two groups based on the different methods of treatment:group A (the EPLBD group) and B(the EST + EPBD group).Results Treatment with EPLBD when compared with EST + EPBD produced similar outcomes with regard to the overall stone removal rates (96.2% vs.93.5%,P > 0.05) and complete ductal clearance in one session (92.6% vs.92%,P >0.05).There were no significant differences in the rates of overall complication (22.2% vs.22.2%,P > 0.05),hemorrhage (7.4% vs.11.3%,P > 0.05),post-ERCP pancreatitis (9.3% vs.6.6%,P > 0.05) and acute cholangitis (5.6% vs.8.1%,P >0.05).When compared with EST + EPBD,mechanical lithotripsy was performed less in the EPLBD group (16.6% vs.27.4t%,p < 0.05).Conclusions EPLBD was an effective and safe method to treat CBD stones.EPLBD reduced the use of mechanical lithotripsy when compared with EST + EPBD.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462964


Molecularly imprinted electrochemiluminescence method combines the advantageous properties of molecularly imprinted polymer and electrochemiluminescence, such as high sensitivity, good selectivity, good controllability, easy miniaturization and simple operation. In recent years, molecularly imprinted electrochemiluminescence has received much attention in the fields of biomimetic sensors, hazardous pesticide residue detection, and food safety monitoring, etc. In this review, the research progresses of molecularly imprinting electrochemiluminescence sensors and the applications of molecularly imprinted polymers as solid phase extraction matrices in electrochemiluminescence analysis have been summarized, and the future research trends have been proposed.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405457


Among various ECL systems,such as 9,10-diphenylanthraeene,lucigenin,tris(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium,peroxyoxalate,luminol,graphene,and nanocrystals,Ru(bpy)_3~(2+) ECL is one of the most widely studied ECL systems in recent years due to its broad applications in immunoassays,DNA probe assays,core-actants analysis,and aptasensors. In this review,the progress in Ru(bpy)_3~(2+) ECL has been summarized on the whole,and the future research trends have been proposed.