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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 671-674, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709579


Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of 180W greenlight laser in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the day surgery mode.Methods A retrospective review included 65 patients with benign prostate hyperplasia who were treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) under 180W greenlight system from Jan 2017 to Jan 2018,was performed.The patients' age ranged from 54 to 75 years old and the prostatic volume ranged from 42 to 93 ml.All patients were classified into two groups [day sugery group (n =29) and inpatient surgery group(n =36)] based on the wishes of patients.In day sugery group,the admission,operation and discharge were completed in 24 hours.The preoperative clinic parameters such as prostate volume,IPSS,Qmax QOL and PVR were recorded in the two groups.The prostatic volume in two groups was (67.3 ± 15.9) ml and (70.4 ± 16.1) ml,respectively.The IPSS and QOL scores in two groups were (23.2±4.6 vs.23.9±4.5) and (4.7±0.9 vs.4.4± 0.8),respectively.The Q and PVR in two groups were [(6.7 ± 2.5) ml/s vs.(6.8 ± 2.8) ml/s] and [(133.9 ± 81.3) ml vs.(105.8 ± 76.3) ml],respectively.The time of catheterization and postoperative hospitalization,total cost,postoperative adverse events were recorded,too.All the clinic data of preoperation,intraoperation and postoperation were compared between two groups.Results The operations and follow-up were successfully executed in all patients.There were not statistical significance differences in preoperative parameters between the two groups (P > 0.05).There were not statistical significance differences in operating time [(67.8 ± 9.8) min vs.(70.9 ± 12.8) min],laser time [(49.8 ± 8.3) min vs.(51.6±10.4) min],energy used [(295.7±112.6) kJ vs.(285.0±108.2) kJ],between the two groups,too (P > 0.05).A significantly less mean catheter duration,hospital stay and hospital charges were observed in the day surgery group [(14.6 ±2.0)hours,(0.5 ±0) days and (23 279 ±511) yuan,respectively] than in the inpatient surgery group [(51.7 ± 1 1.8) hours,(3.0 ± 0.8) days and (27 452 ± 440)yuan,respectively,P <0.05].3 cases of urinary retention and 1 case of gross hematuria after the catheter removal were recorded in the day surgery group,2 cases of urinary retention were recorded in the inpatient surgery group,and all of these 6 cases were cured through indwelling catheter.After 3 months follow up,there were not statistical significant differences io IPSS(12.4 ± 3.3 vs.10.6 ± 4.2),Q [(17.4±2.1)ml/s vs.(17.1 ±1.8) ml/s],and QOL (2.1 ±0.7 vs.2.3±0.7)between the two groups (P > 0.05).However,significant difference of those items could be noticed when compared with those items before surgery (P < 0.05).Conclusions In the day surgery mode,180W greenlight laser vaporization of the prostate is safe and effective,without the increase of surgical complications.The length of stay and hospitalization expenses were much less.Thus,this strategy is worth promoting in clinical practice.

Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 933-938, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323553


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic tunnel-like peri-anterior superior iliac spine suspension(L-TASISS) or combined with stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with outlet obstructive constipation (OOC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 119 POP patients complicated with OOC( II( to IIII( stage evaluated by POP-Q) received L-TASISS or combined with STARR in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2010 to January 2015. Clinical and follow-up data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively and compared before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 119 cases, 51 cases(42.9%) underwent L-TASISS alone, and 68 cases (57.1%) received L-TASISS combined with STARR. All the 119 patients were successfully operated without conversion to open surgery. The operation time was (67.8±10.9) minutes, the intra-operative blood loss was (10.3±3.8) ml, the indwelling catheter time was (3.6±1.1) days, and hospital stay was (5.1±1.8) days. One month after operation, abdominal wall pain or stress occurred in 15 cases, of whom 3 cases were improved by local block injection, 1 case by incision stitches release, the rest ameliorated spontaneously within 3 months after surgery. No potential ureterostenosis, hydroureterosis, internal iliac vascular thrombosis resulting from compression of the mesh and other complications related to the mesh were found. One year after operation, all the patients were followed up. The OOC remission rate was 78.2%(93/119), of whom 76 cases were satisfied and 17 patients were completely satisfied. One case(0.8%) with stress urinary incontinence did not improve. Fifteen cases(12.6%) with algopareunia or dyspareunia did not achieve remission, but there was no new algopareunia or dyspareunia case. Eleven patients (9.2%) presented recurrence of symptoms, of whom 9 cases(7.6%) complained of sensation of incomplete evacuation. Two cases(1.7%) were graded as POP-Q II(, and 1 case (0.8%) as POP-Q III( after surgery. Constipation Score of all the patients was 1.4±0.9 (compared to 7.8±3.6 preoperatively) according to Rome III( criteria. Enterocele occurred in 53 cases (44.5%) preoperatively corresponded with only 1 case (0.8%) after operation (χ(2)=64.77, P=0.000). One hundred and six cases (86.6%) with defecation difficulties and 87 cases (73.1%) with sensation of incomplete evacuation before operation were significantly improved after surgery, corresponding with 7(5.9%) and 9 (7.6%) symptomatic cases respectively (χ(2)=155.78, P=0.000). Three cases (2.5%) with preoperative fecal incontinence symptoms were improved after operation as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The procedure of L-TASISS or combined with STARR for POP patients with OCC has good short-term efficacy, and is safe and feasible.</p>

Humans , Middle Aged , Constipation , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Fecal Incontinence , Laparoscopy , Operative Time , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , General Surgery , Rectal Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1996.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530090


Objective: To explore the ethical and juristic signif-icance of hearing with living-related kidney transplantation. Methods: This study involved 18 donors and recipients who received medical e-valuating and informing the related medical risk between Jul.2006 and Jun.2007. Our experience of 18 hearings with living-related kidney transplantation, which comprised members of Human Organ Transplant Te-chnique and Ethics Committee,donors,recipients and their direct rela-tives,was analyzed. Results the 16 hearings were successful, one res-igned donation,and two were controvertible and succeeded after re-ev-aluating. Conclusion:The hearing should have known,voluntary,equitab-le, unclassified and no commercial principle,and endeavour to ensure the medical,ethical and juristic entirety and integrity of living-re-lated kidney transplantation.