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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 41-46, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effects of lamb′s tripe extract and vitamin B12 (hereinafter referred to as lamb′s tripe) capsule on precancerous lesions of gastric mucosa in rats.Methods:Thirty-two rats of the 42 Wistar rats (model group) were selected for modelling, and in model group six rats died due to gavage, 10 rats were sacrificed for observing the results of modeling, and the left 16 rats were divided into administration group (eight rats) and non-administration group (eight rats). After modeling, five of the 10 rats without modelling treatment were selected as the normal control of the model group, the other five (negative control group) rats were included in drug intervention experiment. The drug intervention program was as follows: in administration group, rats were gavaged with lamb′s tripe 0.2 g/kg once per day for three months; in non-administration group and negative control group, rats were gavaged with 0.9% sodium chloride solution 0.2 g/kg once per day for three months. One rat died in each for the administration group and non-administration group due to gavage. Body weight gain, pH value of gastric juice and pathological changes of gastric mucosa of the three groups were evaluated. The number of nodules on gastric mucosal surface and the incidence and scores of precancerous lesions (intraepithelial neoplasia) in gastric mucosal were analyzed. The therapeutic effects of lamb′s tripe capsule on gastric mucosal precancerous lesions in rats were evaluated. Independent sample t test , Mann Whitney U test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The body weight gain of rats at the 6th week in the administration group was higher than that of rats in the non-administration group ((508.26±33.96) g vs. (495.50±23.01) g), and the pH value of gastric juice of rats in the administration group was lower than that of rats in the non-administration group (3.07±0.55 vs. 4.45±0.72), and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). The number of proliferative nodules on the gastric mucosal surface of the rats in the administration group was less than that of rats in the non-administration group (the ratio of gastric fundus: 6.00(3.00, 7.00) vs. 11.00(7.00, 13.00); the ratio of gastric antrum: 0.00(0.00, 1.00) vs. 3.00(2.00, 4.00); the ratio of whole stomach: 7.00(3.00, 10.00) vs. 15.00(13.00, 17.00)), and the differences were statistically significant ( U=43.50, 49.00, 49.00, all P<0.05). The score of gastric mucosal precancerous lesions in the administration group was lower than that in the non-administration group(1.00±0.00 vs.1.14±0.38), and the incidence of precancerous lesions in the administration group was lower than that in the non-administration group (1/7 vs. 5/7), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.45, χ2=4.67, both P=0.031). Conclusions:Lamb′s tripe capsule can significantly inhibit the progression of precancerous lesions of gastric mucosa in rats, so as to play a role in preventing the occurrence of gastric cancer.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1050-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the accuracy of two methods in reducing leg length discrepancy(LLD)during hip hemiarthroplasty.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 89 patients of hip hemiarthroplasty who suffered from femoral neck fracture.There were 47 patients in the new method group(NM), and 42 patients in the traditional method group(traditional method, TM)which comparing the position of the greater trochanter tip and the center of the femoral head.In the NM group, the distance from the center of femoral head to the lesser trochanter(L)and the diameter of femoral head(D)of the healthy side hip were measured on preoperative anteroposterior pelvic X-ray film, and the ratio(R)of D to L was calculated.During operation, the diameter of the femoral head(d)was measured with a caliper, and the distance should be obtained from the center of the femoral head prosthesis to the lesser trochanter according to the ratio R of the healthy side.The difference of postoperative LLD between the two groups and the incidences of |LLD| in each range were compared.Results:In the NM group, the maximum LLD was 11.10 mm and the minimum LLD was -4.0 mm, with an average of(4.4±3.2)mm, 80.9%(38/47)| LLD | < 6 mm, 93.6%(44/47)| LLD | < 10 mm, 6.4%(3/47)| LLD | ≥ 10 mm.In the TM group, the maximum LLD was 13.2 mm and the minimum LLD was -8.3 mm, with an average of (6.2±5.1)mm, 42.9%(18/42)|LLD|<6 mm, 69.0%(29/42)|LLD| <10 mm, 31.0%(13/42)|LLD|≥10mm.The differences of patients of the mean postoperative LLD and the incidences of |LLD| in each range between two the groups were statistically significant( t=-2.036、 χ2=14.629, P=0.046、0.001). Conclusions:The new method is simple, convenient, more accurate and can obtain a more satisfactory LLD compared with the traditional method which refers to the relative position of the great trochanter tip and the center of the femoral head.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1569-1578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the standard screw implantation methods and to analyze the biomechanical stability of the second-generation dynamic anterior plate-screw system for quadrilateral area (DAPSQ).Methods:Six adult formalin-preserved corpses were selected to make a complete pelvic specimen. Further, the left high double-column fracture models were made and randomly fixed with second-generation DAPSQ or anterior reconstruction titanium plate and 1/3 tube buttress-plate (ARTPB). The specimens of intact pelvis (IP) group, DAPSQ group and ARTPB group were fixed on a Zwick Z100 material machine and loaded vertically with 200 N, 300 N, 400 N, 500 N, 600 N, 700 N, and 800 N in a simulated sitting position, respectively. The axial displacement and strain changes in the anterior and posterior columns were tested in the three groups. The stiffness was calculated accordingly.Results:The axial compression displacement in the three groups showed an increase trend as well with the vertical load increased from 200 N to 800 N ( F=68.581, P<0.001; F=91.795, P<0.001; F=33.819, P=0.002). The axial displacement in ARTPB group was significantly larger than that in DAPSQ group and IP group ( P<0.05), while the difference between DAPSQ and IP groups was not significant ( P>0.05). Under the vertical load of 600 N, the pelvic axial stiffness of IP group, DAPSQ group, and ARTPB group were 220.72±70.33 N/mm, 185.68±48.49 N/mm and 135.83±60.58 N/mm, respectively. The axial stiffness of ARTPB group was significantly lower than that in DAPSQ group and IP group ( t=5.345, P=0.003; t=6.443, P=0.001), while the difference between DAPSQ and IP groups was not significant ( t=2.138, P=0.086). There were no significant differences of the strain values in anterior column among the three groups during the load increasing from 200 N to 800 N ( P>0.05). With the load increasing from 500 N to 800 N, the strain values of the posterior column in ARTPB group were significantly greater than those of IP and DAPSQ groups ( P<0.05). However, the differences between IP and DAPSQ groups were not statistically significant in strain values of the posterior column ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with anterior reconstruction titanium plate and 1/3 tube buttress-plate, acetabular double-column fracture model fixed with the second-generation DAPSQ has less axial compression displacement but with greater axial stiffness. The stress change in the posterior columns of the acetabulum is like in IP. Therefore, the second-generation DAPSQ has reliable biomechanical stability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects between simple bone grafting and dynamization of locking compression plate (LCP) combined with autologous bone grafting in the treatment of femoral aseptic nonunion.Methods:In this retrospective study, 30 patients with femoral aseptic nonunion were included who had been treated from January 2010 to January 2020 at Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Central Theater Command of Chinese People’s Liberation Army. They were 19 males and 11 females, with an age from 25 to 55 years. Of them, 12 were subjected to LCP dynamization combined with autologous bone grafting (group A) and 18 to simple bone grafting (group B). The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgical indicators, fracture healing time, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee scores at preoperation and 12 months postoperation and Lane-Sandhu radiographic scores at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperation.Results:As there was no statistically significant difference in general information between the 2 groups, they were comparable ( P>0.05). The fracture healing time in group A [(8.2±1.7) months] was significantly shorter than that in group B [(9.8±2.2) months] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in Lane-Sandhu radiographic score at 1 month postoperation ( P>0.05). The Lane-Sandhu radiological scores in group A at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperation (4.2±1.2, 8.4±0.7 and 10.8±0.9) were significantly higher than those in group B (3.3±0.9, 7.1±1.3 and 9.8±1.2) ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in preoperative HSS knee score ( P>0.05). The HSS knee score at 12 months postoperation in group A (83.3±4.3) was significantly higher than that in group B (76.2±4.1) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of femoral aseptic nonunion, compared with simple bone grafting, LCP dynamization combined with autologous bone grafting may shorten fracture healing time, improve bone formation, and thus lead to better therapeutic efficacy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1083-1089, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical results of miniplates combined with reconstruction plate in treating comminuted posterior wall acetabular fractures.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted for 27 patients with comminuted posterior wall acetabular fractures treated in General Hospital of Central Theatre Command of PLA from October 2015 to June 2019. There were 18 males and 9 females, at age of 23-61 years[(45.9±10.9)years]. All patients were treated by using miniplates combined with the reconstruction plate. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, length of hospital stay and time of fracture healing were recorded. The reduction quality was evaluated according to Matta radiographic standard at 2 days postoperatively. The modified Merle D'Aubigné-Postel score was adopted to evaluate the hip function at 3, 6 months postoperatively and the final follow-up. Postoperative complications were observed, and heterotopic ossification was assessed by Brooker grading standard.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-48 months[36(24, 36)months]. The operation time was 123-242 minutes[(165.4±29.8)minutes]; the intraoperative blood loss was 170-550 ml[(358.3±111.3)ml]; nine patients required intraoperative blood transfusion of 300-500 ml[(377.8±66.7)ml]. The length of hospital stay was 12-29 days[(21.4±4.7)days]. The fracture healing time was 12-24 weeks[(16.3±3.0)weeks]. According to Matta radiographic standard, the reduction quality was excellent in 21 patients, good in 3 and poor in 3 at 2 days postoperatively, with the excellent rate of 89%. The modified Merle D'Aubigné-Postel score was 9-16 points[(13.1±1.9)points]at 3 months postoperatively, was 10-18 points[(15.4±2.0)points]at 6 months postoperatively, and was 12-18 points[(16.9±1.8)points]at last follow-up( P<0.01). The modified Merle D'Aubigné-Postel score between 3 months and 6 months was significantly different( P<0.01), and the difference between 6 months and the follow-up was statistically significant( P<0.01). The modified Merle D'Aubigné-Postel score was graded as excellent in 0 patient, good in 7, fair in 11 and poor in 9 at 3 months postoperatively, with the excellent rate of 26%; graded as excellent in 3 patients, good in 19, fair in 2 and poor in 3 at 6 months postoperatively, with the excellent rate of 81%; graded as excellent in 18 patients, good in 5, fair in 3 and poor in 1 at the last follow-up, with the excellent rate of 85%( P<0.01). No iatrogenic sciatic nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis or wound infection occurred after operation. No hardware loosening or loss of reduction occurred during the follow-up. The post-traumatic arthritis was identified in 2 patients. The avascular necrosis of femoral head was observed in 1 patient and thereafter underwent total hip replacement. The heterotopic ossification occurred in 3 patients, among which 2 patients were graded as Brooker class I and 1 as class II, but there was no adverse effect on hip function. Conclusions:Miniplates combined with reconstruction plate in the treatment of comminuted posterior wall acetabular fractures have reliable fixation effect and attain good reduction, high fracture healing rate, less complications and satisfactory functional recovery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between our first generation and second generation dynamic anterior plate-screw system for quadrilateral area (DAPSQ) in the treatment of T-shaped acetabular fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 28 patients with T-shaped acetabular fractures who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Central Theater Command from January 2008 to December 2019. They were divided into 2 groups according to fixation methods. Group A [15 patients, 11 males and 4 females, an age of (43.5±9.1) years] were treated with the first generation DAPSQ while Group B [13 patients, 8 males and 5 females, an age of (42.5±7.0) years] with the second generation DAPSQ. Operation time, intraoperative bleeding, fracture reduction, function of the affected hip and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the 2 groups.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). The 28 patients were followed up for 12 to 60 months (average, 35.0 months). The operation time [(193.9±33.3) min] and intraoperative bleeding [(830.8±177.4) mL] for Group B were significantly less than those for Group A [(231.3±40.0) min and (1,043.3±190.7) mL] ( P<0.05). In Group A, according to the Matta scoring, the fracture reduction was rated as excellent in 8 cases, good in 5 and poor in 2; in Group B, the fracture reduction was rated as excellent in 8 cases, good in 4 and poor in one. According to the modified Merle d'Aubigné & Postel scoring at the final follow-up, the function of the affected hip was rated as excellent in 9 cases, as good in 3, as fair in 2 and as poor in one in Group A while as excellent in 9 cases, as good in 2 and as fair in 2 in Group B. There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in reduction quality or in the function of the affected hip ( P>0.05). Follow-up observed hip traumatic arthritis in 2 cases in Group A and in one in Group B. Conclusion:In the treatment of T-shaped acetabular fractures, compared with the first generation DAPSQ, the second generation DAPSQ can shorten operation time and decrease intraoperative bleeding significantly, though both achieve comparable functional outcomes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 210-213, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of patients with female stress urinary incontinence(SUI) and efficacy of Transobturator Tension-free vaginal tape procedure.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 319 cases who were operated transobturator tension free vaginal tape in Shanghai Changhai Hospital Affiliated of Naval Medical University from Oct.2009 to Jun.2018. Patients age ranged from 39 to 91 years old, with the average age of(59.2±9.7)years old. 145(45.5%) patients aged ≥60 years old. Among them, 155 (48.6%) patients with moderate SUI, 164(51.4%) with severe SUI.96 cases(30.1%) hypertension, 24(7.5%)diabetes, 2(0.6%)had not given birth, 317(99.4%)patients had given birth more than once. 31(9.7%) coexisting pelvic organ prolapse with POP-Q stage 2 and above. Maximum urinary flow rate ranged 5.2-72.6 ml/s. Cystometric capacity ranged 56.7-1 013.6 ml. Average preoperative ICIQ-SF score was 13.9 (range 9-19).Results:Operative time of 288 TVT-O procedures ranged 19-60 min, and 31 cases in the surgical management of cystocele with concomitant ranged 50-120 min. A total of 265 patients were evaluable followed up for 12-24 months, Objective cure rate and subjective cure rate were achieved in 95.8%(254 cases) and 93.6%(248 cases) respectively. POP was cured in 96.8% patients.Postoperative complications were 10.6% groin pain, 4.5% urgency, others including urinary tract infection(3.4%), de novo dysuresia(2.6%), dyspareunia(1.1%), and one case of bladder injury, one case sling erosion and one case scar hyperplasia.Conclusions:Female stress urinary incontinence were mainly in middle-aged and elderly people who had severely psychological quality of life lasting for several years. TVT-O may achieve a high success or improvement rate and no serious adverse effects. One operation could correct the stress urinary incontinence and simultaneously correct prolapse.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 607-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869007

ABSTRACT

Globally, more than 2 million bone grafts are performed every year for bone defects in orthopedics, neurosurgery, and dental procedures. Current treatment options include the use of grafts of human, animal or synthetic origin. In this case, autograft is the current gold standard. However, its quantity is limited, a second wound(donor site) needs to be created, and the risk of infection, pain, and morbidity increases. In recent years, the rise of tissue engineering and 3D bioprinting has provided a new idea for treating bone defects in patients. 3D bioprinting is a branch of the applications of "additive manufacturing" in biological tissue engineering. It can precisely control cells, personalize macro and micro structures as needed, and can be used in bone regeneration applications. The establishment of osteoblast scaffolds is the basis of 3D bioprinting, and hydrogels suitable for the growth of bone and cartilage are the basis of scaffold research. For this reason, domestic and foreign scholars have developed and researcheda variety of hydrogel scaffolds, and they have found that mixed hydrogels with multiple biological materials have more advantages than single-material hydrogels. For example, hydroxyapatite, alginate or hyaluronic acid is used as the main component to mix several or more bioprinting materials, and 3D printed bone scaffold formed after combining the required cells can promote bone growth and differentiation better than traditional scaffolds. As the printed structure becomes thicker, the diffusion of nutrients and oxygen becomes more and more difficult. This is especially true in the reconstruction of bone tissue and it is necessary to create an interconnected and effective vascular network. Therefore, the formation of blood vessels in the stent is indispensable. This article mainly reviews the step-by-step research progress of bone printing scaffold materials and vascular network formation in 3D bioprinting.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 714-719, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of modified fluoroscopic monitoring in the treatment of acetabular anterior column fractures with percutaneous retrograde screw fixation under computer-assisted 3D navigation.Methods:A retrospective case series analysis was performed on the clinical data of 42 patients with acetabular anterior column fractures admitted to Central Theater Command General Hospital of PLA from December 2013 to December 2016. There were 24 males and 18 females, with the age of 20-61 years [(41.6±12.9)years]. All patients underwent percutaneous retrograde acetabular anterior column screw fixation under computer-assisted 3D navigation. A total of 61 screws were inserted. The observation indexes included the time for insertion of each screw, intraoperative bleeding volume, fluoroscopy time, coincidence rate between intraoperative fluoroscopy and postoperative imaging, and complications. The D'Aubigné-Postel system was used to evaluate the hip joint function at postoperative 6 months. Fracture healing and complications were detected at postoperative 12 months.Results:All patients were followed up for 9-18 months [(13.1±3.2)months]. Time for insertion of each screw was (18.7±4.8)min, intraoperative bleeding volume was (16.6±3.8)ml, fluoroscopy time was (25.3±10.9)s, and coincidence rate between intraoperative fluoroscopy and postoperative imaging was 100%. There were no complications such as neurovascular injury, thrombosis, wound infection, heterotopic ossification and long-term pain. Six months after operation, D'Aubigné-Postel function score was (10.7±0.9)points, significantly improved compared with preoperative (8.7±1.6)points ( P<0.05). Two patients (3 screws) had lower limb mobility and two patients (2 screws) had screw loosening. Conclusion:For acetabular anterior column fractures, percutaneous retrograde acetabular anterior column screw placement assisted by 3D navigation is helpful to improve the accuracy of screw insertion, decrease introperative fluoroscopy time, reduce operation risk, improve screw coincidence rate, and therefore improve hip function.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 341-346, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different screw and screw hole combination of locking compression plates (LCP) on axial micromotion of fracture ends.Methods:Eighteen mature male New Zealand white rabbits were enrollled and divided into Groups A, B and C according to the random number table method, with six rabbits in each group. After obtaining the whole fresh right tibial specimens, the tibia was cut off transversely at the middle part and fixed with LCP. All specimens were fixed with locking screws in locking holes at the distal side of the fracture end. In Group A, locking screws were fixed in locking holes at proximal end. In Group B, common screws were fixed in locking holes at proximal end. While in Group C, common screws were fixed in compression holes at proximal end. All specimens were subjected to a dynamic axial load of 0-50 N on a universal test machine. The distance of the micromotion of the fracture site was measured and axial compression stiffness corresponding to each fixing method was calculated through the instrument's own system.Results:All specimens generated corresponding axial displacement under the axial load. Under an axial load that approximated a body weight (25 N), the axial displacement value of the fracture end was (0.101±0.017)mm in Group A, (0.164±0.007)mm in Group B, and (0.305±0.041)mm in Group C. Under the axial load of approximately two body weights (50 N), the axial displacement value of the fracture end was (0.218±0.012)mm in Group A, (0.285±0.013)mm in Group B, and (0.513±0.051)mm in Group C. Under the same load, the average axial displacement value of fracture site was Group C>Group B>Group A ( P<0.01). The axial stiffness of LCP device was (234.36±13.28)N/mm in Group A, (203.78±16.46)N/mm in Group B, and (112.62±16.23)N/mm in Group C, namely Group A>Group B>Group C ( P<0.01). Conclusion:LCP fixed with common screws or via compression holes can significantly increase axial micromotion of the fracture end. While the combined application of the two methods has better effect and can reduce the stiffness of LCP device.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 31-38, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867667

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate and 3D-navigated percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation of elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures.Methods A retrospective cases control study was performed to analyze the data of 75 elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures admitted from January 2014 to June 2018 in Central Hospital of the PLA.There were 32 males and 43 females,with the age range of 60-83 years (mean,67.7 years).Twenty-four patients in the plate group were treated by posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate fixation,and 51 patients in the navigation group were treated by percutaneous sacroiliac screw internal fixation with 3 D navigation.The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,X-ray exposure time,complication rate and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups.Postoperative Matta radiographic criteria was used to assess fracture reduction quality,and Majeed criteria was used to assess pelvic function at the last follow-up.Results All 75 patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean,13.5 months).The operation time,intraoperative blood loss and X-ray exposure time in the plate group were (126.1 ± 20.6) minutes,(251.6 ± 50.8) ml,and (15.7 ±4.4)s,showing significant differences in comparison with the navigation groups [(49.7 ± 17.5)minutes,(22.8 ±5.1) ml,and (112.8 ± 8.8) s] (P <0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different between the plate group (4%) and the navigation group (4%) (P >0.05).At day 3,one week,and one month postoperatively,the VAS in the navigation group was (3.3 ± 0.7) points,(3.2 ± 0.7) points,(2.4 ± 0.6) points,better than that in the plate group [(7.2 ± 0.7) points,(6.2 ± 0.8) points and (4.5 ± 0.7) points] (P < 0.05).However,there was no significant difference between the two groups at 3 months and one year after operation (P > 0.05).According to the Matta radiographic criteria,the excellent and good rate was 92% in plate group (excellent in 14 cases,good in 8,and fair in 2),and was 82% in the navigation group (excellent in 25 cases,good in 17 and fair in 9).There was no significant difference between the two groups (P >0.05).According to the Majeed criteria at the follow-up,the excellent and good rate was 96% in the plate group (excellent in 15 cases,good in 8 and fair in 1),and was 94% in the navigation group (excellent in 35 cases,good in 13 and fair in 3).The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion For elderly patients with osteoporotic posterior pelvic ring fractures,percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation under 3D navigation has the advantages of shorter operation time,less bleeding,less radiation dose and less postoperative pain than minimally invasive reconstruction plate internal fixation,and hence deserves clinical application.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of arctiin with anti-inflammatory bioactivity against triptolide-induced nephrotoxicity in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were divided into 4 groups for gastric lavage of normal saline, arctiin (500 mg/kg), triptolide (500 μg/kg), or both arctiin (500 mg/kg) and triptolide (500 μg/kg). Blood samples were collected for analysis of biochemical renal parameters, and the renal tissues were harvested for determining the kidney index and for pathological evaluation with HE staining. In the @*RESULTS@#In SD rats, arctiin significantly antagonized triptolide-induced elevation of BUN, Scr and kidney index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arctiin can protect the kidney from triptolide-induced damages in rats possibly through the anti-inflammatory pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Diterpenes/toxicity , Epoxy Compounds/toxicity , Furans , Glucosides , Kidney/drug effects , Phenanthrenes/toxicity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 31-38, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798618

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical efficacy of posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate and 3D-navigated percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation of elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective cases control study was performed to analyze the data of 75 elderly patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures admitted from January 2014 to June 2018 in Central Hospital of the PLA. There were 32 males and 43 females, with the age range of 60-83 years (mean, 67.7 years). Twenty-four patients in the plate group were treated by posterior minimally invasive reconstruction plate fixation, and 51 patients in the navigation group were treated by percutaneous sacroiliac screw internal fixation with 3D navigation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, X-ray exposure time, complication rate and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups. Postoperative Matta radiographic criteria was used to assess fracture reduction quality, and Majeed criteria was used to assess pelvic function at the last follow-up.@*Results@#All 75 patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean, 13.5 months). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and X-ray exposure time in the plate group were (126.1±20.6)minutes, (251.6±50.8)ml, and (15.7±4.4)s, showing significant differences in comparison with the navigation groups [(49.7±17.5)minutes, (22.8±5.1)ml, and (112.8±8.8)s](P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different between the plate group (4%) and the navigation group (4%) (P>0.05). At day 3, one week, and one month postoperatively, the VAS in the navigation group was (3.3±0.7)points, (3.2±0.7)points, (2.4±0.6)points, better than that in the plate group [(7.2±0.7)points, (6.2±0.8)points and (4.5±0.7)points] (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups at 3 months and one year after operation (P>0.05). According to the Matta radiographic criteria, the excellent and good rate was 92% in plate group (excellent in 14 cases, good in 8, and fair in 2), and was 82% in the navigation group (excellent in 25 cases, good in 17 and fair in 9). There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). According to the Majeed criteria at the follow-up, the excellent and good rate was 96% in the plate group (excellent in 15 cases, good in 8 and fair in 1), and was 94% in the navigation group (excellent in 35 cases, good in 13 and fair in 3). The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#For elderly patients with osteoporotic posterior pelvic ring fractures, percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation under 3D navigation has the advantages of shorter operation time, less bleeding, less radiation dose and less postoperative pain than minimally invasive reconstruction plate internal fixation, and hence deserves clinical application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare the recombinant peptide MVF-HER3 I composed of the 183-227aa peptide segment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3 I) and the measles virus protein 288-302 peptide segment (MVF), and prepare polyclonal antibodies (PcAb) against this recombinant peptide.@*METHODS@#The MVF-HER3 I gene was synthesized chemically and subcloned into pET21b or pET32a plasmid containing Thioredoxin (Trx) tag gene. The recombinant plasmids were identified by endonuclease digestion. MVF-HER3 I was expressed in BL21(DE3) cells under an optimal bacterial expression condition. The fusion protein Trx-MVF-HER3 I was purified using nickel ion affinity chromatography, and the purified protein was digested by enterokinase to remove Trx tag. The digested mixture underwent further nickel ion affinity chromatography to obtain purified MVF-HER3 I. The purified MVF-HER3 I was used to immunize SD rats subcutaneously for preparing anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb. The titer of PcAb was determined using ELISA. The bindings of anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb to MVF-HER3 I, native HER3 and MCF7 cells were analyzed using immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation and laser confocal microscopy. The growth inhibition effect of the antibodies on MCF7 cells cultured in the absence or presence of NRG was assessed using sulforhodamine B.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant peptide gene could not be expressed alone, but could be efficiently expressed after fusion with Trx gene under optimized conditions. The fusion peptide MVF-HER3 I was successfully prepared from Trx-MVF-HER3 I. The anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb, with a titer reaching 1: 512 000, specifically bound to MVF-HER3 I, recognized native HER3 and bound to the membrane of MCF7 cells. The obtained PcAb could dose-dependently inhibit the growth of MCF7 cells irrespective of the presence or absence of NRG.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We successfully obtained the recombinant peptide MVF-HER3 I and prepared its PcAb, which can facilitate further functional analysis of HER3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Escherichia coli , Humans , Plasmids , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, ErbB-3 , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the value of targeted contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using anti-Mullerian canal hormone (AMH) targeted nanobubbles (AMH-NB) for in vivo quantitative evaluation on ovarian neovascular density after ovarian auto-transplantation in SD rats. Methods: The nanobubbles carrying anti-AMH antibody were prepared, and their basic physical properties were examined. Then ovarian auto-transplantation rat models were established. The targeted (AMH-NB), non-targeted (N-NB) contrast agents and SonoVue were administered on the 7th day after transplantation to obtain peak intensity (PI) and time to peak (TTP). The microvascular density (MVD) was measured using immunohistochemistry, and the correlation of PI, TTP and MVD were analyzed. Results: The particle size of AMH-NB uniformly distributed, ranged (622.67±33.65)nm, and the concentration of AMH-NB was (2.90±0.26)×108/ml. PI of ovarian angiography with AMH-NB was (7.93±0.65)dB and TTP was (42.53±1.74)s, with N-NB was (6.14±0.44)dB and (54.35±1.73)s, with Sonovue was (4.15±0.83)dB and (28.71±1.18)s, respectively (all P<0.05).Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the microvascular density was (61.20±6.84)/HP, histological analysis indicated that AMH-NB were able to penetrate blood vessels to the interstitial space and combine with AMH. PI, TTP of AMH-NB were highly both correlated with MVD (r=0.84, r=-0.84, both P<0.05). Conclusion: AMH-NB can be used to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the angiogenesis in transplanted ovarian of rats in vivo with CEUS.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745093

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of lateral osteotomy via the supra-fibular-head approach combined with lateral locking plating for simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures.Methods From January 2014 to February 2017,11 patients with simple posterolateral tibial plateau fracture were treated at Department of Orthopaedics,General Hospital of Middle Military Command of PLA.They were 8 males and 3 females,aged from 21 to 55 years (average 41.8 years).In all of them the supra-fibular-head approach was used for lateral osteotomy according to the size and orientation of the fracture block.After the fracture was reset,a full bone graft was implanted under direct visualization,followed by fixation of the posterolateral bone mass with a lateral locking plate which was placed as far as possible above the fibular head.The patients were encouraged 6 weeks after surgery to do knee functional exercise within 90°.The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated at the final follow-up according to the Rasmussen's criteria for knee functions.Results The average operative time was 74 minutes (from 55 to 90 minutes);the average intraoperative blood loss was 70 mL (from 40 to 120 mL).All the patients were followed up for 12 to 35 months (average,17.5 months).No neurovascular injury or incision infection was observed.Bony union was achieved in all patients after 10 to 15 weeks (average,12.5 weeks).Follow-ups found no implant loosening/breakage,genu valgum,genu varum,fracture redisplacement,or knee instability.According to the Rasmussen's function evaluation of the knee joint,10 cases were rated as excellent and one as good.Conclusion Lateral osteotomy via the supra-fibular-head approach combined with lateral locking plating is a preferred treatment for simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of the composition ratio on substitution of sulfate group in sulfated exopolysaccharide (EPS) from and how sulfate modification affects the anti-tumor activity of EPS.@*METHODS@#We used a chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method to modify EPS and analyzed the effect of esterification ratio on the degree of sulfate substitution using barium chloride turbidimetry. The sulfate groups binding with EPS were analyzed with infrared spectrum analysis. CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of EPS sulfate (SEPS) on the proliferation of human colon cancer HCT 116 cells, and annexin V-FITC/PI double staining was used to assess the pro-apoptotic effect of SEPS in the cells.@*RESULTS@#The esterifying agent and EPS at the composition ratios of 1:1 and 2:1 resulted in sulfate substitution of 0.98% (SEPS-1) and 1.18% (SEPS-2), respectively, and the substitution was improved by increasing the ratio of the esterifying agent ( < 0.05). Infrared spectrum analysis showed that the S=O stretching vibration absorption peak of -OSO appeared near 1249 cm, indicating that the sulfate group combined with EPS to form sulfate. CCK-8 assay showed that SEPS-1 produced stronger inhibitory effects on the proliferation of HCT 116 cells than EPS within the concentration range of 0.02-0.10 mg/L ( < 0.05). At the concentrations of 0.04-0.08 mg/L, SEPS-2 showed a lower anti-tumor activity than SEPS-1 ( < 0.05). SEPS-1 also showed stronger pro-apoptotic effect than EPS, and as its concentration increased, SEPS-1 dose-dependently increased the ratio of early apoptotic cells and necrotic cells; the cells treated with 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10 mg/mL SEPS-1 showed early apoptotic rates of 6.38%, 11.8% and 12.5%, and late apoptotic and necrotic rates of 5.26%, 8.04% and 6.80%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The composition ratio of the esterifying agent has a direct impact on the degree of substitution of EPS, which can be improved by increasing the ratio of the esterifying agent. Sulfate modification of EPS can enhance its antitumor activity, which, however, is not directly related with the degree of substitution.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 175-178, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709214

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of navigation-guided hollow screw fixation on the treatment of elderly patients with the sacroiliac complex injury.Methods Twentyone older patients with sacroiliac complex injury received the three-dimensional images-guided percutaneous hollow screw fixation from March 2015 to May 2016.There were 14 males and 7 females with age of 60-73 years[average(63.5 ± 3.7) years].Traffic accident injury was found in 15 cases,falling injury in 5 cases,others in one case.The pelvic fractures were classified by tile classification:type B2 in 2 cases,type B3 in 6 cases,type C1 in 5 cases,type C2 in 6 cases,type C3 in 2 cases.Intraoperative observation data,the injury of nerve and blood vessel during the screw insertion,postoperative fracture reposition and so on were recorded.The quality of fracture reposition was evaluated by Matta radiological criteria after surgery,and the pelvic function was assessed by Majeed scoring criteria at the last follow-up.Results A total of 30 hollow screws in 21 elderly patients were placed under three-dimensional images navigation,and each screw fixation time was 36-45 min,average (40.5±4.7)min with a small amount of bleeding (10-20)ml.Postoperative examinations showed that S1 vertebral cortical bone screw wear was found in one patient,and the end of the bolt washer was internalized into the outer table of the ilium without breaking the medial iliac plate in another patient.The above two patients had no postoperative complications.Other screws positions were good,without nerve or vascular injury and other complications.Postoperative reposition quality evaluated by the Matta radiological criteria showed that 14 cases had excellent quality,five with good quality,two with fair quality,and no case with poor quality.Therefore,the excellent and good rates were 90.5 %.Moreover,19 elderly patients were followed up for 7-13 months average(10.3± 2.1)months,and only one patient showed the bilateral sacroiliac joint screws outside the lateral sacroiliac joint 5 mm.However,this patient had good function in the later follow-up without further prolapse.The remaining 18 patients assessed by the pelvic X-ray and CT at the end of the follow-up showed a good fracture healing,no screw breakage,loosening,and prolapse.Meanwhile,pelvic function findings evaluated by the Majeed standard demonstrated that nine cases were with excellent function,ten with good function,and the excellent and good rates were 90.5%.Conclusions Three-dimensional images-guided hollow screw fixation for the treatment of elderly patients with the sacroiliac complex injury is safe and effective with less trauma and high nailing accurateness.However,the placing process should be cautious in the elderly with osteoporosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 497-504, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707332

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical outcomes of three-dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator for the treatment of the Tile B and C pelvic fractures. Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted on 43 patients with Tile B and C pelvic fractures from January 2014 to June 2017. There were 25 males and 18 females, with an average age of 44.6 years (range, 21-68 years). According to the AO typing, there were seven cases of type B1, 13 type B2, six type B3, 15 type C1, and two type C2. The duration from injury to operation ranged from 4 to 14 days (mean, 8.0 days). Based on the operation method, patients were divided into Group A (n=20) treated by three dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator, and Group B (n = 23) treated by anterior open reduction and plate internal fixation. The two groups were compared in terms of operation time, blood loss, reduction quality by Matta score, Majeed pelvic fractures function score at the last follow up, and postoperative complications. Results All patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean, 12.7 months). The operation time [(27.5 ± 1.6) minutes] and intraoperative bleeding [(26.3 ± 3.9) ml] in Group A were significantly less than those in Group B [(166.2±3.6)minutes and (128.0 ± 8.9) ml] (<0.05). There were no significant differences between Group A and Group B in the good and excellent rate of reduction [85% (17/20) vs.91% (21/23)], and Majeed score [90% (18/20) vs.91% (21/23)](P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complication in Group A (10%) was significantly lower than that in Group B (39%) (P <0.05). Conclusion Compared with open reduction and plate internal fixation, three dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator is preferable to unstable pelvic fractures due to the shorter operation time, less intraoperative bleeding, and fewer postoperative complications.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 490-496, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707331

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of digital orthopedic three-dimensional visualization technology combined with image-based computer navigation and simple image-based computer navigation in percutaneous screw fixation for the treatment of sacroiliac joint complex injury. Methods A retrospective case-control analysis was conducted on 49 cases of sacroiliac complex injury from January 2015 to May 2017. There were 27 males and 22 females, with an average of 39.3 years old (range, 21-66 years). According to AO typing, there were 10 cases of type B1, 19 type B2, and 20 type C1. The duration from injury to operation ranged from 5 to 11 days (mean, 6.5 days). Based on the application of three-dimensiona digital programming, the 49 cases were assigned to Group A (n =24) which used Mimics computer assisted surgery software to simulate screw placement on the healthy side of sacroilic joint before operation and Group B (n = 25) without the simulation programming. Screw placement time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, and intraoperative bleeding were compared between two groups. Fracture reduction was evaluated by modified Matta standard score, and the function of hip joint by Majeed pelvic fracture function score at the last follow-up. Fracture healing and complications were observed. Results All patients were followed up for an average of 10.4 months (range, 6-24 months). The time of sacroiliac joint screw placement [(18.4 ±3.0)min] and the intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency [(12.9 ± 3.8) times] in Group A were significantly less than those [(26.4 ±3.8) min, (19.4 ±1.5) times] in Group B (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between Group A and Group B in intraoperative bleeding [(14.1 ± 3.0) ml vs. (15.1 ± 2.2) ml](P>0.05). According to the modified Matta reduction standard, the good and excellent rate of Group A was 92% (22/24), and that of Group B was 92% (23/25). At the last follow up, the Majeed pelvic function score was 96% (23/24) in Group A and 92% (23/25) in Group B (P >0.05). Bone healing was seen in all patients 4 months after operation, and no complications such as wound infection, deep venous thrombosis, or screw loosening were observed. Conclusion The digital orthopedic three-dimensiona visualization technology in preoperative planning can reduce the time of sacroiliac screw placement and the intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency. It is an effective adjuvant technique for the percutaneous screw fixation under navigation in the treatment of sacroiliac joint.

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