Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 814-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in the treatment of neurogenic bladder (NB), and to analyze the predictive factors.Methods:The clinical data of 91 patients underwent SNM testing therapy from January 2012 to January 2020 in China Rehabilitation Research Center were reviewed. There were 53 males and 48 females with the average age of 36.5(28.0-52.5)years. Urinary diary, residual urine, neurogenic bowel dysfunction score (NBDS), video-urodynamic and pelvic floor electrophysiological examination before treatment were recorded. Among the 91 patients, 60 patients had symptoms of urinary storage period, including urgency, frequency and / or incontinence.The average number of voids/24 h was 13 (11, 18), the average volume per void was (123.0±45.9) ml, the average degree of urgency was (3.5±1.0), and the average 24-hour urine leakage was 100.0(50.0, 231.5) ml. 78 patients had chronic urinary retention symptoms, and the average post-void residual volume (PVR) was 200.0 (132.3, 300.0) ml. The neurogenic bowel dysfunction score (NBDs) of 91 patients was 11 (6.25, 13). The mean maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), maximum detrusor pressure (P detmax) and bladder compliance were 250 (117, 369) ml, 33 (17, 72) cmH 2O and 8.275 (4.540, 20.307) ml / cmH 2O, respectively. Pelvic floor electrophysiological examination showed that somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) was normal in 39 cases, abnormal in 19 cases and undetected in 33 cases. Bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR) was normal in 39 patients, abnormal in 23 patients and undetected in 29 patients. At the end of the test phase, the patient was re-evaluated. If " effective" or the patient willing to implant, permanent implantation of pulse generator was done. " Effective" was defined as improvement of more than 50% in at least one of the following conditions, including the number of voids in 24 hours, volume per void, degree of urgency, leakage volume in 24 hours, PVR. Quantitative values were compared using the t-test or non-parametric test. The potential risk factors were considered by logistic regression analysis. Results:The average test time was (18.7±6.7) days. 43/60 patients (71.7%) had improvement of more than 50% in at least one symptom of the storage period, and 21/78 patients (26.9%) had more than 50% improvement in urination symptoms. NBDS decreased from 11(6.25, 13) to 3(0, 8)( P < 0.05). During the filling period, MCC increased from 173.0(98.0, 326.0) ml to 300.0(201.0, 386.0) ml ( P<0.05), P detmax decreased from 40.0(27.0, 84.0) cmH 2O to 22.0(15.0, 60.0) cmH 2O ( P < 0.05), and bladder compliance increased from 6.84(3.75, 11.79) ml/cm H 2O to 19.23(4.95, 32) ml/cm H 2O ( P < 0.05). At the end of the test phase, 54 (59.3%) patients underwent permanent implantation. The median follow-up was 25.5 (11.5, 60.5) months. Four patients lost their curative effect, two patients developed grade 2 vesicoureteral reflux, and one patient underwent cystoplasty. Risk factors analysis showed that chronic urinary retention was a statistically significant variable ( P<0.05). Conclusions:SNM can not only improve the lower urinary tract symptoms of patients with neurogenic bladder, but also improve the urodynamic parameters and bowel function. Patients with chronic urinary retention symptoms before treatment experienced low efficiency at the end of the test phase.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 740-746, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of intravesical electrical stimulation (IVES) combined with a training for bladder motor and sensory dysfunction in the treatment of neurogenic underactive bladder(UAB).Methods:A prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled trial was used to study neurogenic UAB patients admitted to the China Rehabilitation Research Center from October 2019 to May 2021. Inclusive criteria included age≥18 years old, the patients who have been diagnosed as neurogenic UAB and the course of disease being more than 3 months; patients who have been undergone intermittent catheterization to empty the bladder or patients indicated for intermittent catheterization (post-void residual urine accounts for more than 40% of the functional bladder volume), voluntary signing of written informed consent, able to communicate well with researchers and comply with the requirements of the whole trial, and the patient not undergoing any treatment other than oral medication before IVES. Exclusion criteria included patients with low bladder compliance by urodynamic examination(<20 ml/cmH 2O), patients with mechanical outflow obstruction, patients with complete spinal cord injury, the patients with symptomatic urinary tract infection which was not cured, patients with hydronephrosis or bladder-ureteral reflux, patients with renal insufficiency(serum creatinine greater than 1.5 times of the upper limit of normality), patients with malignant tumors of the bladder or prostate, overactive bladder, Alzheimer's disease, brain atrophy, acute cerebrovascular disease, or cognitive impairment, patients who were pregnant or planning to be pregnant, bladder mucosa injury, patients with pacemakers or defibrillators, those who participated in other clinical trials 3 months before the study, and other circumstances that the researcher consider it is not suitable to be involved in this study. The patients were randomly divided into experimental group and control group according to the ratio of 1∶1. The experimental group used conventional transurethral insertion of bipolar catheter electrodes for IVES combined with bladder motor and sensory dysfunction training, and the control group underwent IVES with open circuit combined with bladder motor and sensory dysfunction training. The stimulation parameters of the two groups were two-way square wave, 1-30 mA intensity, 10-20 Hz frequency, 200 μs pulse width, once a day, lasting 30 minutes for each treatment, and for continuous 20 working days. The post-void residual urine, voiding efficiency, 24-hour intermittent catheterization times, first sensation of bladder filling volume and American Urological Association Symptom Index Quality of Life(AUA-SI-QOL) scores were recorded before and at the end of treatment. The adverse events during the treatment were recorded. Results:Fifty-two patients were selected and 50 patients completed the trial, including 26 patients in the experimental group and 24 patients in the control group. Before treatment, there were no significant differences in gender[16(male)/10(female)vs.13(male)/11(female), P=0.598], age [(40.7±13.5)years vs.(38.5±12.3)years, P=0.543], course of disease[0.71(0.42, 1.63)years vs.0.79(0.42, 1.50)years, P=0.695], post-void residual urine[300(193, 400)ml vs.325(178, 380)ml, P=0.724], voiding efficiency[17%(0, 47.8)% vs.21%(0, 38.0)%, P=0.960], 24-hour intermittent catheterization times[4(2, 4)vs.3(2, 4), P=0.692], first sensation volume during bladder filling[(325.8±74.3)ml vs.(307.5±75.0)ml, P=0.391] or AUA-SI-QOL scores[5(4, 5)vs.4(4, 5), P=0.313] between the experimental group and the control group. At the end of treatment, the post-void residual urine, first sensation volume during bladder filling and AUA-SI-QOL scores of the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group [250(40, 350)ml vs.300(200, 390)ml, P=0.034; (276.5±68.8)ml vs.(315.4±67.3)ml, P=0.049; 4(2, 4)vs.4(3, 5), P=0.024], and the voiding efficiency was significantly higher than that of the control group[33%(14.5, 84.5)% vs.18%(0, 35.8)%, P=0.041], but there was no significant difference in the number of 24-hour intermittent catheterization between the two groups [3(1, 4)vs.3(2, 4), P=0.174]. In the control group, there were no significant changes in post-void residual urine, voiding efficiency, 24-hour intermittent catheterization times, first sensation volume during bladder filling and AUA-SI-QOL scores before and after treatment [325(178, 380)ml vs.300(200, 390)ml, P=0.832; 21%(0, 38.0)% vs.18%(0, 35.8)%, P=0.943; 3(2, 4)vs.3(2, 4), P=0.239; (307.5±75.0)ml vs.(315.4±67.3)ml, P=0.257; 4(4, 5)vs.4(3, 5), P=0.157]. In the experimental group, there were significant improvements in post-void residual urine, voiding efficiency, 24-hour intermittent catheterization times, first sensation volume during bladder filling and AUA-SI-QOL scores before and after treatment [300(193, 400)ml vs.250(40, 350)ml, P<0.001; 17%(0, 47.8)% vs.33%(14.5, 84.5)%, P<0.001; 4(2, 4)vs.3(1, 4), P=0.011; (325.8±74.3)ml vs.(276.5±68.8)ml, P<0.001; 5(4, 5)vs.4(2, 4), P<0.001]. During the treatment period, 1 case of abdominal discomfort occurred in the experimental group and 1 case of urethral discomfort in the control group. After adjusting the stimulation intensity and catheter position, the discomfort disappeared without other serious adverse events. Conclusions:IVES combined with bladder motor sensory dysfunction training can not only effectively improve the bladder emptying efficiency and bladder sensation in patients with neurogenic UAB, but also be safe and easy to operate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 418-423, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of sacral neuromodulation(SNM)therapy for the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction(LUTD)in elderly patients.Methods:Clinical data of 91 elderly patients with LUTD from multiple medical institutions who received SNM during the period from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into four groups: the interstitial cystitis(IC)group(n=28), the neurogenic bladder(NB)group(n=36), the overactive bladder syndrome(OAB)group(n=13)and the idiopathic dysuria(ID)group(n=14). Different sets of evaluation parameters were used for different diseases.Patients’ baseline data and data in stage I(test phase)and stage Ⅱ(permanent SNM)were recorded, statistically analyzed and compared.Results:Ninety-one people underwent SNM treatment.Of them, 53 patients received permanent implants(stage Ⅱ), and the total conversion rate of stage I to stage Ⅱ was 58.2%(53/91). Patients receiving permanent implants(stage Ⅱ)had a preoperative period ranging from 3 months to 30 years, and were followed up for 2 to 58 months after treatment, with an average follow-up of 19.6 months.The improvement rates in stage I for urinary urgency, daily urination frequency, daily nocturnal urination frequency, maximum urine volume, daily average urine volume, daily urine leakage frequency, and quality of life score were 35.4%, 31.6%, 33.7%, 32.6%, 49.2%, 43.2% and 13.2%, respectively.The improvement rates in stage Ⅱ for urinary urgency, daily urination frequency, daily nocturnal urination frequency, maximum urine volume, daily average urine volume, daily urine leakage frequency, and quality of life score were 43.2%, 40.0%, 37.8%, 50.5%, 70.5%, 70.4% and 43.2%, respectively.Three adverse events occurred, including 1 case of recurrent symptoms, 1 case of moderate infection, and 1 case of electrical lead dislocation.Conclusions:Sacral nerve stimulation has definitive and consistent curative effects on LUTD in elderly people.The follow-up time should be extended to further study the safety of sacral nerve stimulation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828178

ABSTRACT

For those patients with refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction who are not well treated by traditional therapy such as behavior therapy and drug therapy, neuromodulation technologies have gradually become alternative treatments. Several neuromodulation technologies are also used in animal experimental and clinical scientific research by more and more scholars, in order to find more effective methods and mechanisms of treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction. This article introduces the principle and advantages of common neuromodulation technologies, which focuses on the application in lower urinary tract dysfunction treatment, and analyzes the direction and the broad prospect of neuromodulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Urologic Diseases , Therapeutics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764114

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sacral nerve stimulation has been used to treat overactive bladder. This study evaluated the effects of stimulation using different pulse widths on the inhibition of bladder overactivity by sacral nerve stimulation (SNM) in pigs. METHODS: Implant-driven stimulators were used to stimulate the S3 spinal nerve in 7 pigs. Cystometry was performed by infusing normal saline (NS) or acetic acid (AA). SNM at pulse widths of 64 μsec to 624 μsec was conducted at the intensity threshold at which observable perianal and/or tail movement was induced. Multiple cystometrograms were performed to determine the effects of different pulse widths on the micturition reflex. RESULTS: AA-induced bladder overactivity reduced the bladder capacity to 46.9%±7.1% of the NS control level (P0.05). The actual intensity threshold varied from 0.7 to 8 V. The mean intensity threshold (T visual) for pulse widths of 64 μs, 204 μs, and 624 μs were 5.64±0.76 V, 3.11±0.48 V, and 2.52±0.49 V. T visual for pulse widths of 64 μsec was larger than the other two T visual for pulse widths of 204 μsec and 624 μsec (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that different pulse widths could play a role in inhibiting bladder overactivity. It is not yet certain which pulse widths increased bladder capacity compared with AA levels, to minimize energy consumption and maintain patient comfort during stimulation, 204 μsec may be an appropriate pulse width for SNM.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Humans , Reflex , Spinal Nerves , Swine , Tail , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Urination
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796790

ABSTRACT

Immune nutrient is one of the hotspots of surgical nutrition therapy in recent years, and its clinical application in critically ill patients during the perioperative period is particularly drawing attention. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, glutamine, arginine, dietary fiber and other immune nutrients can coordinate inflammatory response of the body, maintain a moderate immune response, protect the integrity of intestinal mucosal barrier function, and reduce bacterial translocation. However, there are some controversies in the effects of various immune nutrients on the prognosis of patients between clinical research results.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790097

ABSTRACT

Immune nutrient is one of the hotspots of surgical nutrition therapy in recent years,and its clinical application in critically ill patients during the perioperative period is particularly drawing attention.Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids,glutamine,arginine,dietary fiber and other immune nutrients can coordinate inflammatory response of the body,maintain a moderate immune response,protect the integrity of intestinal mucosal barrier function,and reduce bacterial translocation.However,there are some controversies in the effects of various immune nutrients on the prognosis of patients between clinical research results.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734804

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value and surgical methods of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) combined with portal vein (PV)/superior mesenteric vein (SMV) resection and reconstruction in the treatment of pancreatic cancer with PV/SMV invaded by tumor.Methods The clinical data of 21 patients of pancreatic cancer with PV/SMV invaded by tumor (group A) and 62 patients of pancreatic head cancer without PV/SMV invaded by tumor (group B) in the same period were collected and analyzed retrospectively from Jan 2014 to Apr 2017.There were no distinct invasion of celiac artery (CA),hepatic common artery (HCA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in two groups of pancreatic cancer patients.The patients of group A underwent PD combined with PV/SMV resection and reconstruction,and the patients of group B were only treated with PD surgery.The complication rate and overall survival time after PD was compared between the 21 patients of pancreatic cancer with PV/SMV invaded by tumor and the 62 patients of pancreatichead cancer without PV/SMV invaded by tumor.'Results The average overall survival time of 21 patients of pancreatic cancer with PV/SMV invaded by tumor (group A) was 19.2 months,specifically with 1-year survival rate of 57.1% (12/21),2-year survival rate of 28.6% (6/21),and 3-year survival rate of 14.3% (3/21).Meanwhile,the average overall survival time of group B was 19.4 months,specifically with 1-year survival rate of 58.1% (36/62),2-year survival rate of 30.6% (19/62),and 3-year survival rate of 14.5% (9/62).The results indicated that no differences for overall survival time of patients treated with PD including 1,2,3-year survival rate between two groups were found (P > 0.05).Conclusions For pancreatic cancer accompanied by PV/SMV invasion without invasion of SMA,CA and HCA,PD combined with PV/SMV resection and reconstruction are safe and feasible surgical procedures.The surgical reconstruction method was determined according to the location and length of the invaded vessels,and also there were no significant differences on the complication rate and overall survival time after PD between the pancreatic cancer patients with invasion of PV/SMV and the pancreatic head cancer patients without invasion of PV/SMV.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806514

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the genetic characteristics of the hemagglutinin(HA) and neuraminidase(NA) genes of the influenza A/H1N1(09pdm) viruses isolated in the city of Yancheng in 2014-2017.@*Methods@#The throat swab specimens of patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) from sentinel surveillance hospitals and outbreak sites were detected using the method of real time RT-PCR. The influenza A/H1N1(09pdm) viruses were isolated using MDCK cell culture method in 2014-2017. The strains in 2014-2017 were selected randomly and their sequences of the HA1 and NA genes were amplified through one step RT -PCR method and the PCR products were sequenced. The mutations of genes and acid locus were analyzed and the evolutional trees were generated using bioinformatics software.@*Results@#The clustering relationships of the respective branches of HA1 and NA genes of seventeen A/H1N1(09pdm) strains isolated in Yancheng area were basically the same and the phylogenetic trees of HA1 and NA genes were respectively clustered into four evolutionary branches. Compared with the vaccine strain A/California/07/2009(H1N1pdm)in the Northern Hemisphere, a total of three antigen epitopes (Ca, Sa, Sb) in HA1 genes of strains in Yancheng area were involved in six antigenic sites (K154R, S162N, K163Q, S185T, L191I, S203T); there were three mutations (D222G/N, G223R, E224K) in the 220 ring and one locus (L191I) in the 190 helix of the receptor binding sites; the two strains (A/Jiangsu-YC/SWL1540/2017, A/Jiangsu-YC/SWL1545/2017) isolated in 2017 increased the 162NQS glycosylation site. Because the strains of the antigen epitopes, receptor binding sites and glycosylation sites in the HA1 genes had a certain degree of variations in Yancheng area in 2014-2017, the protective effects of vaccine strain A/California/07/2009 (H1N1pdm) was limited at the gene level. The two strains (A/Jiangsu-YC/SWL1540/2017 and A/Jiangsu-YC/SWL1545/2017) isolated in 2017 were clustered with vaccine strain A/Michigan/45/2015(H1N1pdm) and had better protective effects. Seventeen A/H1N1(09pdm) strains had no mutations in catalytic residues and drug resistant sites of NA genes, but a part of strains had a certain degree of variations in glycosylation sites of NA genes.@*Conclusions@#These results indicated the HA1 and NA genes of influenza A/H1N1(09pdm) viruses circulated in Yancheng area in 2014-2017 changed gradually. The accumulation of these mutations would result in antigenic drift of influenza A/H1N1(09pdm) viruses.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808822

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the genotypes and the genetic evolution of the hemagglutinin genes of measles viruses in the city of Yancheng in 2016.@*Methods@#Using a set of primers and probes for screening positive for measles viruses, specimens of throat swab were detected using the method of real time RT-PCR. The sequences of the nucleoprotein and hemagglutinin genes of measles viruses were amplified through one step RT-PCR method and the PCR products were sequenced. The sequences of nucleotide and amino acid of the nucleoprotein and hemagglutinin genes of measles viruses were analyzed and the evolutional trees were generated using bioinformatics software.@*Results@#The genotypes of measles viruses in the Yancheng area in 2016 included subgenotype H1a and genotype D8. Phylogenetic trees analysis showed that the five representative strains of subgenotype H1a in Yancheng area and Jiangxi representative strain (KJ136545) clustered into independent evolutionary branches, belonged to the clade of H1a -1 evolutionary genes. The seven representative strains of genotype D8 in Yancheng area were clustered with the American representative strain in 2009 (JN635404), belonged to the D8-3-2 small clade genes. Compared with vaccine strain of Shanghai S191, the amino acid site in 240thof the five representative strains of subgenotype H1a in Yancheng area mutated from serine to asparagine, leading to a loss of the N-glycosylation site NLS238-240. The seven representative strains of genotype D8 in Yancheng area had no change in N-glycosylation.@*Conclusions@#In 2016, the prevalent strains of measles viruses in Yancheng area were mainly Chinese H1a dominant subgenotype and D8 imported genotype. In addition to a loss of the N-glycosylation site NLS238-240in 240thof the five representative strains of subgenotype H1a, most of the major neutralizing antigen sites of hemagglutinin gene of measles viruses in Yancheng area did not mutate. The Chinese vaccine of Shanghai S191 can effectively prevent infection caused by subgenotype H1a and subgenotype D8 strains.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54250

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of different stimulation frequencies on the inhibition of bladder overactivity by sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in pigs. METHODS: Implant-driven stimulators were used to stimulate the S3 spinal nerve in 13 pigs. Cystometry was performed by infusing normal saline (NS) or acetic acid (AA). SNM (pulse width, 210 µsec) at frequencies ranging from 5 to 50 Hz was conducted at the intensity threshold at which observable perianal and/or tail movement was induced. Multiple cystometrograms were performed to determine the effects of different frequencies on the micturition reflex. RESULTS: AA-induced bladder overactivity significantly reduced the bladder capacity (BC) to 34.4%±4.7% of the NS control level (354.4±35.9 mL) (P0.05), but SNM at 15, 30, and 50 Hz significantly increased the BC to 54.5%±7.1%, 55.2%±6.5%, and 57.2%±6.1% of the NS control level (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that 15 Hz was an appropriate frequency for SNM and that frequencies higher than 15 Hz did not lead to better surgical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Reflex , Spinal Nerves , Swine , Tail , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Urination
12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 834-837, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668905

ABSTRACT

Objective Objective To evaluate the effects of a new type of tibial nerve microstimulator on the micturition reflex in cats.Methods From March to May in 2017,the implantable wireless driver micro-stimulator was implanted around the tibial nerve in 9 α-chloralose anesthetized domestic shorthairs cats (2.5-3.5 kg,6-12 months old).The stimulator was placed near the neurovascular bundle parallel to the tibial nerve and its cathode perpendicular to the cushion.The intensity which can induce toe movement was defined as threshold (T).The ureters were isolated via an abdominal incision.The ureters were cut and drained externally.The bladder was inserted via a double lumen catheter through the urethra.The catheter was then secured by a ligature around the urethra.One lumen of the catheter was used to infuse the bladder with either 0.9% normal saline (NS) or 0.25% AA at a rate of 1 to 2 ml/min after connecting to a pump.The other lumen was connected to a pressure transducer to measure the bladder pressure.The bladder capacity was used to test the inhibitory effect of the stimulator.After the appearance of the first large-amplitude (> 30 cmH2O) bladder contraction,the bladder infusion was stopped.First,after emptying the bladder,2 or 3 cystometrograms with NS were performed without stimulation to obtain the control bladder capacity.After the bladder was stabilized,TNS (6 Hz,1-2 T) was applied during 2 sequential cystometrograms.Second,after emptying the bladder,0.25 % AA was infused into the bladder to irritate and induce bladder overactivity.After the bladder stabilized,TNS (6 Hz,1-2 T) was applied again during 2-3 sequential cystometrograms.If bladder capacity increased significantly,the stimulationhad an inhibitory effect on the micturition reflex.Results During normal saline infusion,the bladder baseline was (17.03 ± 4.10) ml.TNS at 1T did not change the bladder capacity [(18.56 ±0.81)ml] (P >0.05).TNS at 2T significantly increased the bladder capacity [(25.05 ± 1.19) ml] (P < 0.05).Compared to normal saline infusion,bladder overactivity was irritated by the intravesical infusion of 0.25% acetic acid,which significantly reduced the bladder capacity [(9.34 ± 0.75) ml] (P < 0.05).Compared to acetic acid infusion,TNS at 1T did not change the bladder capacity [(11.32 ± 0.82) ml] (P > 0.05).TNS at 2T significantly increased the bladder capacity [(14.82 ± 1.15) ml] (P < 0.05).Conclusions The implantable wireless driver tibial nerve micro-stimulator appears to be effective in inhibiting the micturition reflex during physiologic and pathologic conditions.The implantable wireless driver tibial nerve microstimulator was excepted to be used to treat overactive bladder (OAB).

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515039

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid has been shown to be a major factor of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), so constructing a reliable, effective and low mortality ONFH model will be helpful for searching for a better treatment strategy of ONFH.OBJECTIVE: To construct a rabbit model of early ONFH by intravenous injection of different concentrations of glucocorticoids and horse serum.METHODS: Thirty healthy male New Zealand rabbits were randomly allotted to six groups, followed by given the injection of 10 mg/kg horse serum combined with 5 mg/kg dexamethasone (group A), 10 mg/kg horse serum combined with 10 mg/kg dexamethasone (group B), 20 mg/kg horse serum combined with 5 mg/kg dexamethasone (group C), 20 mg/kg horse serum combined with 10 mg/kg dexamethasone (group D), 10 mg/kg dexamethasone (group E), and 2 mL/kg normal saline (control group) via ear veins, respectively.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Abnormal MRI signal of the femoral head appeared in the group D at postoperative 2 weeks, while abnormal signal was seen at postoperative 4 weeks in the other groups except the controls. Six weeks postoperatively, 80% rabbits in the group D showed abnormal signals, which were significantly more than those in the groups C (50%), B (40%), A (25%), and E (20%) (P < 0.05). The serum levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol in the groups A, B, C, D were significantly higher than those in the control group at 3, 7, 14 and 30 days after injection (P <0.05). Compared with the control group, the ratio of empty lacuna sigmificantly increased in the group D (P < 0.05).These results indicate that the injection of high concentration of horse serum combined with the high concentration of dexamethasone is successful and safe to make an animal model of early ONFH.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 29-34, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470677

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of using small intestinal submucosa (SIS) as scaffold in cystoplasty augmentation for treating the neurogenic bladder.Methods We retrospectively reviewed our database of 14 patients with neurogenic bladder,including ten male and four female,between January 2011 and March 2014.The mean age in those patients was 29 years old (range 14-56 years old).The etiology of neurogenic bladder included myelomeningoceles in 8 cases and spinal cord injuries in 6 cases.The urodynamic examination showed that the mean volume of maximal bladder pressure was (150.1± 64.2) ml,mean bladder compliance was (5.2± 3.9) ml/cmH2O,maximal detrusor pressure was (44.1 ± 29.2) cmH2O.The SIS cystoplasty was performed in all patients,which the Surgisis(R) ES was used during operation.In order to enlarge the bladder,the 4-layer tissue graft was fashioned into a strap shape,rehydrated and continuously sutured to the mucous edge of opening bladder walls.Seven patients accepted the ureter reimplantation with anti-reflux technique simultaneously.Serial video-urodynamics,magnetic resonance urography (MRU) and serum analyses were used to assess the outcomes of surgery.Results All patients were undergone the operation successfully.The mean operative time was 120 min.Bowel function returned promptly after surgery.No metabolic consequences were noted.Renal function was preserved.The duration of follow-up ranged from 6 to 48 months (mean 24 months).Compared to the preoperative findings,there were significant increasing in maximum bladder capacity (P<0.05) at the 6,12 and 24-month follow-up (150.1± 64.2) ml preoperatively,(274.9±88.7) ml at 6 months,(322.5± 144.4) ml at 12 months and (279.9± 157.9) ml at 24 months,The significant differences also exhibited in the increasing of bladder compliance (P<0.01) at the 24-month follow-up [(5.2±3.9) ml/cmH2O preoperatively,(26.1 ±29.4) ml/cmH2O at 24 months] and decreasing of maximum detrusor pressure (P<0.05) at the 12 and 24-month follow-up [(44.1±29.2) cmH20 preoperatively,(20.1±9.8) cmH2O at 12 months,(20.2±19.1) cmH2O at 24 months].Two patients were observed scaffold rupture one week postoperatively and healed with patent drainage.One patient developed calculi in neo-bladder at 3-months follow-up and treated with transurethral lithotripsy.Four patients were noted vesico-ureteral reflux at 12-month follow-up.The botulin toxin detrusor injection was used in 2 cases.After indwelling the catheter for 3 months,the symptoms of reflux disappeared.The oral administration of solifenacin (5mg twice per day) and tolterodine (4mg once per day) was used in other 2 patients,who also accepted the catheter indwelling at the same time.The symptom of reflux relieved in only patient.Conclusions SIS can be used effectively as a scaffold for bladder augmentation.Tissue engineering technology provides a potentially viable option for genitourinary reconstruction in patients with neurogenic bladder.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Old femoral neck fractures with senile osteoporosis have more surgical difficulties.There are a lot of intraoperative and postoperative complications and long-term effects are poor.OBJECTIVE:To explore the clinical outcomes of hip arthroplasty in patients with old femoral neck fractures with senile osteoporosis.METHODS:From October 2012 to July 2014,20 patients with old femoral neck fractures and senile osteoporosis were enroled in this study.Posterolateral approach was used to perform hip arthroplasty.Of them,14 patients received primary total hip arthroplasty with biological prosthesis,and 6 patients were subjected to semi-hip arthroplasty with straight shank cylindrical renovated biological prosthesis.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The patients were folowed up for 3 to 24 months.Harris score was apparently increased after arthroplasty in patients with old femoral neck fractures and senile osteoporosis compared with pre-arthroplasty.Postoperative radiographs revealed that femoral stem biological fixation was good.Bone fixation was visible in radiographs at 3 months after arthroplasty.These findings suggested that old femoral neck fractures and senile osteoporosis could be treated with hip arthroplasty.To select the type of prosthesis and surgical methods according to the femoral calcar-medulary cavity ratio in patients with old femoral neck fractures and senile osteoporosis can effectively restore the function of hip joint.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study explores the effects of different fibrin glue combination modes on the survival, proliferation, and apoptosis of dental follicle cells (DFCs), as well as to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of fibrin glue as transplantation material.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The membranes of surviving DFCs were marked using 3,3'-dioctadecyloxa carbocyanine perchlorate (DIO), and the cell number was counted by using ImageJ2x software. The apoptotic cells were marked with prodium iodide (PI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with that of the 3D-2 and 2D-1 groups, the degradation speed of the 3D-1 group was the slowest. DFCs could survive and grow well in fibrinogen with a concentration of 15 mg · mL⁻¹ supplemented with thrombin with a concentration of 2 U · mL⁻¹. In particular, the 3D-1 combination mode was significantly conducive to cell proliferation and stretching.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fibrin glue can be used as an effective cell transplantation material. The different combination modes have certain effects on cell proliferation. The 3D-1 combination mode is more conducive to the survival and proliferation of DFCs than other modes.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Dental Sac , Cell Biology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Pharmacology , Fibrinogen , Humans , Thrombin
17.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1642-1645, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the determination of content and entrapment efficiency of HIV-1 virus in-fection factor Vif inhibitor VEC-5 liposomes. Methods:VEC-5 liposomes were prepared by a method of freeze-drying and reconstruc-tion. The separation of free drug from the liposomes was achieved by ultracentrifugation, and an HPLC method was used to determine the content and entrapment efficiency of VEC-5 liposomes. Results:The linear range of VEC-5 was 20-100 μg·ml-1(r=0. 999 0). The average recovery was 100. 25% and RSD was 0. 93%(n=9). The content of three batches of VEC-5 liposomes was 98. 63%, 100. 43% and 102. 65%, respectively within the range of 90%-110%, and the entrapment efficiency was 94. 89%, 93. 68% and 94. 56%, respectively, which was above 90%. Conclusion:The method is accurate and reliable, which can be used to determine the content and entrapment efficiency of VEC-5 liposomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 529-535, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314008

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Endogenous hydrophobic bile acids may be a pathogenetic factor of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).This study was designed to investigate the effects of hydrophilic ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), when administered early after OLT, on serum liver tests and on the incidence of biliary complications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 112 adult patients undergoing OLT were randomly assigned to one of two groups for receipt of UDCA (13 to 15 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks, n=56) or a placebo (n=56). All patients underwent serum liver testing and measurement of serum bile acids during the 4 weeks following OLT.Patients with T-tube underwent measurement of biliary bile acids during the 4 weeks following OLT.Biliary complications, as well as patient and graft survival rates, were analyzed during the follow-up period (mean of 65.6 months).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At post-OLT days 7, 21 and 28, the UDCA-treated patients showed significantly lower levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (all P less than 0.05).In addition, the UDCA-treated patients showed significantly lower incidence of biliary sludge and casts within the first year post-OLT (3.6% vs.14.3%; x2=3.953, P=0.047). However, there were no significant differences for the incidence of other biliary complications at post-OLT years 1, 3 and 5.The graft and patient survival rates were also similar between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>UDCA, when administered early after OLT, improves results from serum liver tests and decreases the incidence of biliary sludge and casts within the first postoperative year.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Biliary Tract Diseases , Drug Therapy , Humans , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Liver Function Tests , Liver Transplantation , Postoperative Complications , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , gamma-Glutamyltransferase
19.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 713-715, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454096

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in diagnosis and treatment for infants with refractory and persistent wheezing. Methods From Jun. 2012 to Dec. 2013, 52 hospitalized children with age between four 4 months and 1 year old were recruited for ifberoptic bronchoscopy, who had been wheezing for at least four weeks and treated ineffectively with conventional anti-inlfammatory agents:budesonide and compound ipratropium bromide solution. Then, the pathogenesis of refractory and persistent wheezing was summarized based on clinical features, detection of CT imaging of three-dimensional airway reconstruction and cardiac CT, results of bronchoscopy inspection, and bronchoalveolar lavage lfuid culture. Results Among the 52 cases, 40 were with ground glass-like changes (76.92%) in pulmonary spiral CT testing, 4 with mosaic perfusion syndrome (7.69%), 8 with segmental pulmonary consolidation (15.38%), 8 with obstructive pulmonary emphysema (15.38%), and 1 with left primary bronchial foreign body. In addition, through bronchofibroscopy, there were 52 cases with imlfammation (100%),3 with tracheal stenosis (5.77%), 3 with left and/or right main bronchus stenosis of the external pressure, 18 with bronchomalacia(34.62%), 2 cases with foreign body (3.84%), one in trachea (1.92%), the other in left main bronchus (1.92%), 10 with bronchial mucus plug (19.23%), and 8 (15.38%) with congenital airway malformations (including 3 at tracheal bronchus, 1 at left upper lobe bronchial stenosis and 1 at bronchial Bridge). The culture of bronchoalveolar lavage lfuid were conducted for all patients. The positive rate of bronchoalveolar lavage lfuid was 9.62%(5/52 cases), including 2 cases with tip Escherichia coli, 2 with Haemophilus inlfuenzae, and 1 with Acinetobacter baumannii. Conclusions First, infection is the primary cause of refractory and persistent wheezing, which is persistent in airway resulted from multi-drug resistant bacteriua. Second, refractory and persistent wheezing is often caused by multi-factors including infection, congenital airway malformations, the endogenous and exogenous foreign body, cardiovascular malformation, etc. These factors often lead to dififcult wheezing control. The last, the diagnosis rate of the refractory and persistent wheezing can be improved by combination of ifberoptic bronchoscopy and lung spiral CT.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440512

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of solifenacin in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Methods 50 patients with NDO received solifenacin 5 mg/d. During the treatment period, the voiding diary, Patient Perception of Bladder Condi-tion-Scale (PPBC-S) and side effects were recorded. Results 2 weeks and 12 weeks later, the volume of the catheterization every time in-creased from (224.2 ± 15.7) ml at baseline to (302.6 ± 23.3) ml and (301.3 ± 21.1) ml (P<0.05);the volume of leakage every day decreased from (753.9±121.7) ml to (444.1±87.1) ml and (449.1±89.2) ml (P<0.05);PPBC-S score decreased from (5.12±0.072) to (4.36±0.073) and (4.36±0.068) (P<0.05). There were 3 cases (6%) with dry mouth, and no patients complained dry eyes and blurred vision. Conclusion Solif-enacin is safe and effective, and can significantly improve the quality of life in patients with NDO.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL