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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469356


Objective To explore the change of Brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in artial septal defect(ASD) patients and the relationship among BNP,ET-1 and pulmonary pressure.Methods 105 final diagnosed ASD patients were divide into non-pulmonary hypertension group (nPH group) and pulmonary hypertension group(PH group),and the PH group were divided into two subgroup:slight PH group,moderate and sever PH group.According to the altitude of habitation,105 ASD patients also were divided into 3 groups:< 2 500 m group,2 501-3 500 m group and > 3 500 m group.Plasma BNP were measured by radioimmunity method and ET-1 were measured by ELISA.The data analysis used single factor analysis and Fisher least singnificant difference t test.Results Both the plasma BNP levels (152.34 ± 40.61) pg/ml and ET-1 level (137.69 ± 37.17) pg/ml of the ASD-PH group were significantly higher than those [BNP (126.70 ± 32.27) pg/ml,ET-1 (92.92 ± 32.3) pg/ml] of ASD-nPH group.There were strong difference in plasma BNP levels and ET-1 levels among different degree PH groups(F =6.782,P < 0.05 ; F =8.475,P < 0.05).Statistical difference were also shown in BNP(F =6.846,P < 0.05) and ET-1 (F =9.327,P < 0.05) levels by compared difference altitude groups.The BNP levels are positively correlated with mean pulmonary artery pressure (r =0.326,P < 0.05),size of defect (r=0.301,P<0.05) and the altitude of habitation (r =0.252,P<0.05).Conclusion Plasma BNPand ET-1 levelsof ASD-PH group significantly higher than those of ASD-nPH group.By the increasing of the altitude and PH degree,the plasma BNP and ET-1 levels are increasing,which suggest that BNP and ET-1 play an important role on the proceeding and development of the PH and hypoxia promoted secretion of BNP and ET-1.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587636


Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of interventional treatment of atrial septal defect (ASD). Methods Transcatheter closure of ASD was performed in 480 cases (198 males and 282 females), age ranged from 1.2 to 72 years (mean 24?8 years). All patients finished clinical examination, chest X-ray, electrocardiography (ECG) and trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE) for the diagnosis of secundum ASD. The stretch diameter of ASD varied from 6-34 mm, mean 16?4 mm. Four hundred and seventy cases were simple opening secundum ASD. Results The devices were discharged successfully in all patients. The diameter of the occluders selected ranged from 10-40 mm, mean 20?6 mm. Among the patients who had multiple-openings, six cases were closed completely with one occluder, and the other four cases were closed with two occluders. Conclusion Interventional treatment is an effective, safe and optimal choice for the treatment of ASD.