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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 449-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780521

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the therapeutic experience of lower limb pain syndrome caused by tacrolimus (FK506) after liver transplantation. Methods A 52-year-old male patient diagnosed with virus B hepatitis (hepatitis B), post-hepatitis liver cirrhosis at the decompensation stage and malignant liver tumors developed bilateral lower limbs pain syndrome after liver transplantation with FK506 immunosuppressant. After eliminating the possibility of angioneurotic pain, FK506 was terminated and replaced by sirolimus (SRL) therapy. The blood concentration was maintained at 6~8 ng/mLduring the early stage, and then gradually adjusted according to the survival time of the liver graft. Results After 2-weeks conversion therapy, the swelling and pain of bilateral lower limbs of the patient were gradually relieved, and the skin pruritus was gradually healed. After 1 month, the patient was basically restored to normal activity and function. No recurrence was reported until the submission date of this manuscript. Conclusions Bilateral lower limbs pain syndrome caused by adverse reaction of FK506 is relatively rare. FK506 can be substituted by SRL to avoid the adverse reaction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of regulatory dendritic cells treated by extracorporeal photochemotherapy on T cell proliferation. Methods Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained and the immature dendritic cells (imDCs) were induced by recombinant human granulocyte and macrophage colony stimulating factors. SPDCs were obtained by PUVA treatment, and ECDCs were co-cultured with imDCs and PUVA-SP to obtain immunoprecipitated dendritic cells. In vitro, imDCs were co-cultured with SPDCs to obtain SPDCs; imDCs were added to 10ng/ml of LPS, and cultured for 1 day to obtain DCs. The expressions of CD11c, CD83 and CD86 on the surface of the cells were detected. The effect of imDCs on the proliferation of recipient T cells was detected by mixed lymphocyte culture method. Results The early apoptosis rate of PUVA-treated cells was 91.33%. The positive expression rates of CD83 and CD86 in ecpDCs were 22.83%±5.26% and 22.06%±4.37%, respectively, which were similar to those of imDCs (15.06%±0.59%, 15.19%±1.83% (P<0.01), but significantly lower than those in DCs (99.79%±0.36%, 99.85%±0.19%, respectively), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The recipient imDC cells phagocyting the appoptotic splenic lymphocytes from the donor significantly inhibited the proliferation of recipient T cells. Conclusion Apoptosis of splenic lymphocytes induced by extracorporeal photochemotherapy can inhibit the maturation of dendritic cells and inhibit the proliferation of T lymphocytes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 455-458, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493288

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the lens and pituitary dose impacted by additional filtration and collection field in head and neck DSA examinations. Methods All images were acquired by a Philips ALLura Xper FD 20 DSA machine. The combination of the different collection fields (48 cm, 42 cm, 31 cm, 22 cm) and additional filtrations (0.9 mmCu+1.0 mmAl, 0.4 mmCu+1.0 mmAl, 0.1 mmCu+1.0 mmAl) were adjusted when the anthropomorphic phantom filled with dosimeter was scanned in anterioposterior and lateral positions with 2D?DSA and 3D?DSA. The dose area product (DAP), air kerma (AK) and the radiation dose values of bilateral lens and pituitary were measured and recorded. The 2D and 3D?DSA regional absorption dose on lens and pituitary were analyzed using t' test, the correlations between DAP and AK parameters and different regional absorption doses were evaluated by Pearson rank correlation coefficient. Results Absorption doses of left lens, right lens and pituitary with 2D?DSA (n=12) were as following:(2.77 ± 0.68), (6.23 ± 3.54), (8.65 ± 2.62) mGy, while the parameters with 3D?DSA (n=12) were (1.78 ± 0.82), (2.18±1.15), (3.32±0.64) mGy, respectively;the results revealed a significant difference (t'=3.20, 3.76 and 6.85, P<0.01). DAP [(8 739±5 731) mGy·cm2] had a relationship with absorption dose of pituitary, left lens and right lens [(5.988 ± 3.299),( 2.258 ± 0.872),( 4.207 ± 3.303) mGy, r values were 0.766, 0.684, 0.727; P<0.01]. AK values was (31 ± 23) mGy and it had a relationship with pituitary absorption dose (r value was 0.894, P<0.01). The lens dose was reduced when the additional filtration was increased and the collection field was decreased, the radiation dose of the pituitary was reduced when both the additional filtration and the collection field were increased. Conclusions In the head and neck DSA examinations, the radiation dose of the lens and the pituitary had different changes with the different additional filters and collecting fields. The organ dose with 3D?DSA was significantly less than that with 2D?DSA.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 438-443, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731653

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experience of immunosuppressive therapy for recipients suffering from psoriasis after liver transplantation. Methods Five patients diagnosed with cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)complicated with psoriasis after liver transplantation were recruited in this clinical trial. All participants were positive for serum biomarkers of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Induction therapy was adopted before surgery. Immunosuppressive regime of tacrolimus (FK506),mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)and adrenal cortical hormone (hormone) was implemented early after surgery. The hormone use was terminated within 1 week. Three cases of cirrhosis complicated with HCC due to chronic HBV infection were gradually switched to sirolimus substitution treatment within 1 month after liver transplantation. Two patients with cirrhosis were administered with FK506 with or without MMF following liver transplantation. All patients received anti-HBV therapy. Baseline data,changes in psoriasis area and severity index (PASI)score and adjustment of postoperative immunosuppressive agents were analyzed. Results Five patients undergoing transplantation were followed up until the submission date with a mean duration of (8. 3 ±1 . 5 )years and survived. Compared with preoperative values,PASI score was significantly reduced at postoperative 6 months (P<0. 05 ). Two patients with cirrhosis had recurrent psoriasis at 2 years after liver transplantation. PASI score was significantly increased and steadily declined after sirolimus substitution therapy. These patients remained physically stable and did not progress at postoperative 3 years. Three patients suffering from cirrhosis complicated with HCC presented with no recurrence of psoriasis postoperatively. Conclusions Sirolimus-based immunosuppressive therapy can effectively control the progression of psoriasis in liver transplantation recipients. Anti-HBV treatment should be simultaneously implemented for HBV positive patients.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 382-385, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731650

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation of tumor recurrence after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)with the expression levels of regulatory T cell (Treg)and cytokines in peripheral blood. Methods A total of 56 patients who underwent liver transplantation in the 309th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from 2010 to 2014 were studied. According to the postoperative pathological data,all the patients were divided into the group of liver transplantation for HCC (HCC group,n=28)and group of liver transplantation for cirrhosis (liver cirrhosis group,n=28), of which the HCC group was further divided into non-recurrence group (n=8)and recurrence group (n=20)according to the situation of postoperative tumor recurrence. The expression levels of Treg and cytokines [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),interleukin (IL)-2,IL-10,IL-12,transformation growth factor (TGF)-βand interferon (IFN)-γ]in peripheral blood of the patients in various groups were compared. Results Compared with the liver cirrhosis group,levels of IFN-γand IL-12 in the non-recurrence group increased significantly (both P<0.05);levels of Treg%,VEGF,IFN-γ, IL-10 and TGF-βin the recurrence group increased significantly,while levels of IL-2 and IL-12 decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Compared with the non-recurrence group,levels of Treg%,VEGF,IL-10 and TGF-βin the recurrence group increased significantly,while levels of IFN-γ,IL-2 and IL-12 decreased significantly (all P<0.05 ). Conclusions Levels of Treg and cytokines can be used to predict the tumor recurrence after liver transplantation for HCC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483045

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and security of splenic artery ligation for severe hypersplenism during liver transplantation.Method Thirty-two liver transplant patients with preoperative hypersplenism were selected,including 17 cases (ligation group) treated by splenic artery ligation during liver transplantation,and rest 15 patients as non-ligation group.The fluctuation of white blood cells,platelets and volume of spleen were compared between these two groups.At the same time,splenic infarction,postoperative infection,recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding,splenic artery steal syndrome and other complications were observed in these two groups.Result All recipients were followed up for over 6 months.One recipient in ligation group died of multiple organ dysfunction caused by delayed recovery of liver donor with the survival rate being 94.1% (16/17).The survival rate in non-ligation group was 93.3 % (14/15) (one recipient died of respiratory failure caused by pulmonary infection).There was no statistically significant difference in survival rate between these two groups (P>0.05).Splenic necrosis wasn't detected in the ligation group.The splenic volume in ligation group was significantly less than that in non-ligation group (P<0.01).The products of splenic maximum length and wide diameter shrunk 33.17-± 8.26 cm2 and 22.47 ± 7.25 cm2 in ligation group and non-ligation group,respectively.The platelet counts of ligation group were significantly greater than those of non-ligation group in all the observation points within 6 postoperative months (P<0.01).The white blood cell counts of ligation group were greater than those of non-ligation group at the first week postoperatively (P<0.01),whereas,there was no statistically significant difference between these two groups from then on (P>0.05).The infection incidence of ligation group was lower than that of non-ligation group within 6 postoperative months (P <0.05).Statistically significant differences in recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and splenic artery steal syndrome weren't found between these two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Splenic artery ligation in liver transplantation is safe and effective.It can rapidly increase the counts of platelet and white blood cell in the earlier postoperative time,which is beneficial to patient's recovery.Besides,it adds no correlative complication.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 311-315, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731600

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the relationship between Foxp3 +regulatory T cell (Treg)and tumor recurrence of patients after liver transplantation for primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) over University of California,San Francisco (UCSF)criteria.Methods Clinical data of 24 patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation in the Organ Transplantation Research Institute of the 309 th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from January 2010 to December 2013 were retrospectively studied.During the follow-up,4 patients recurred (tumor recurrence group)and other 20 patients did not recur (tumor non-recurrence group).The blood samples of healthy people was selected as control group at the same period.The levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)were compared at different time points of the recurrence group and the non-recurrent group before and after transplantation.The levels of Foxp3 +Treg (Foxp3 +Treg%)were compared at different time points of the tumor recurrence group,the tumor non-recurrence group and the control group before and after transplantation.The relations between expression of Foxp3 +Treg and the levels of AFP,CD3 + and CD8 +T before and after transplantation were analyzed by correlation analysis.Results Compared with the level of Foxp3 +Treg before transplantation and the normal level,the expression of Foxp3 +Treg of patients in tumor non-recurrence group after transplantation firstly decreased,then gradually increased and finally stabilized at a low level.Compared with patients in tumor non-recurrence group,the levels of AFP and Foxp3 +Treg of patients in tumor recurrence group increased obviously and were significantly higher than the normal levels (both in P <0.01).Moreover,abnormal increase of Foxp3 +Treg at early stage was prior to AFP among the patients in tumor recurrence group.Correlation analysis indicated that the change of Foxp3 +Treg was consistent with the changes of AFP,which was positively correlated (P <0.01).But the change of Foxp3 +Treg was contrary to the change of effector T cells (CD3 +T cells and CD8 + T cells),which was negatively correlated (P <0.05-0.01).Conclusions Foxp3 +Treg is closely associated with tumor recurrence after liver transplantation for HCC.In the patients after liver transplantation for HCC over UCSF criteria,the higher Foxp3 +Treg is,the higher the recurrence risk is.Joint detection of AFP is beneficial to find tumor recurrence.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 98-101, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731573

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of thymalfasin in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection after liver transplantation.Methods Twenty seven patients who developed severe lung infection after undergoing liver transplantation in Organ Transplant Institute of the 309 th Hospital of People’s Liberation Army from January 2008 to May 2014 were enrolled in this study.According to whether the application of thymalfasin,the patients were divide into thymalfasin group (n =11)and control group (n =16).In the thymalfasin group,thymalfasin was administered via subcutaneous injection at a dose of 1.6 mg once daily for consecutive two weeks.In the control group,conventional anti-infection therapy was delivered. Ventilator time,duration of fever,the length of intensive care unit (ICU)stay and mortality were statistically compared between two groups.And the incidence of acute rejection (AR)was monitored.Results Ventilator time,duration of fever,length of ICU stay of patients in the thymalfasin group were significantly shortened compared with those in the control group (all in P <0.05).There was no significant difference in the mortality between two groups.No clinical AR was observed in either group.No thymalfasin-related adverse event was found in the thymalfasin group.Conclusions Thymalfasin can improve the curative effect to anti-infection of patients with severe pulmonary infection after liver transplantation without the incidence of AR,which is efficacious and safe in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452828

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have reported the cause and treatment of biliary complication. However, how to improve operative technique for preventing the complication is rarely reported. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of operational skil s during liver transplantation on biliary complications. METHODS:Biliary complications in 475 patients who underwent liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between operational skil s and biliary complications after liver transplantation was observed. The potential risk factors about operative technique were summarized. Some preventive interventions for biliary complications were suggested. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Biliary complication was diagnosed in 36 (7.6%) of 475 patients who underwent liver transplantation. They were nonanastomotic biliary stricture (n=19, 4.0%), anastomotic biliary stricture (n=7, 1.5%), biliary leakage (n=3, 0.6%), twisted common biliary duct (n=3, 0.6%), residual common duct stone (n=1, 0.2%), and neoformative common duct stone (n=3, 0.6%). There was no difference in the incidence of nonanastomotic biliary stricture among the three biliary anastomotic styles. The possibility of anastomotic biliary stricture in placing T-drainage tube group was lower than the other two groups according to clinical data. Nevertheless, there was no statistical difference between these three groups. Infusing UW into the liver from cranial mesenteric vein and douching the biliary duct immediately while taking the donor could decrease the incidence of biliary complication after liver transplantation (P=0.013 and P=0.018, OR=0.26 and OR=0.28), the later factor could also decrease the incidence of nonanastomotic biliary stricture (P=0.001, OR=0.09). Meanwhile, some operational skil s also decrease the incidence of biliary complications, such as protecting the artery around the biliary duct, and elevating the liver when suturing the common biliary duct.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 368-373, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731562

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of triple anti-tumor therapy which bases on sirolimus combined huaier granule and thymosin α-1 on T lymphocyte of rat model with liver cancer recurrence after transplantation.Methods Seventy-two Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats were randomly divided into triple therapy group,sirolimus group,huaier-granule group,thymosin α-1 group,positive-control group and blank group (n=1 2 in each group).Except the blank group,rats in all the other groups were established the simulation animal model of liver cancer recurrence after liver transplantation by chemical-induced method.After the model was established,rats in the positive control group were executed to appraise whether the model was successful.The proportion of regulatory T cells (Treg)of CD4 + T lymphocytes in peripheral blood (Treg%),the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocyte of total lymphocyte(CD4 +T%)and the percentage of CD8 + T lymphocyte of total lymphocyte (CD8 +T%),were detected by the flow cytometry respectively.The relationship between Treg% and CD4 + T %,CD8 + T %,the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + T lymphocytes(CD4 +/CD8 +)was analyzed by the method of Spearman rank correlation.Results Pathological section of rat liver tissue suggested that the rat model was established successfully.Treg % of positive control group was higher than that of blank group,the difference had statistical significance(P <0.05).Treg% of triple therapy group was significantly lower than that of the positive control group,huaier-granule group,thymosin α-1 group,and significantly higher than the blank group (all in P <0.05 ).Compared with positive-control group,CD4 +T% and CD8 +T% of triple therapy group,sirolimus group and thymosin α-1 group were significantly higher (all in P <0.05).CD4 +T%and CD8 +T% of triple therapy group were significantly higher than those of thymosin α-1 group,sirolimus group and huaier-granule group(all in P <0.05).The relationship between Treg% and CD4 +T%,CD8 +T%, CD4 +/CD8 + in peripheral blood were negatively correlated for rats in each group.In addition,the triple anti-tumor therapy decreased the negative correlation between Treg% and CD4 +/CD8 +.Conclusions Sirolimus based triple anti-tumor therapy can decrease the peripheral blood Treg level of the liver cancer rat,increase the number of T lymphocyte and CD4 +/CD8 +,and play the role of anti tumor cell growth and proliferation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430637

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAPA) after liver transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 4 patients who had HAPA after liver transplantation at the No.309 Hospital of PLA from April 2002 to April 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.All the 4 patients had abdominal massive hemorrhage,and 2 of them were complicated by bile leakage and bile duct bleeding.Peritoneal effusion was observed in the 4 patients,and 3 of them were complicated by peritoneal infection.All the patients were diagnosed and treated by angiography and exploratory laparotomy.Results The mean time of hemorrhage of ruptured HAPA was 24.6 days (range,14-35 days).One of the patients was diagnosed by exploratory laparotomy,and the other 3 patients were diagnosed by angiography.Hemostasis of HAPA was successed in 1 patient by hepatic artery ligation,2 patients by interventional embolization + endovascular covered coronary stent grafts implantation guided by digital subtraction angiography (DSA),1 patient by interventional embolization.1 patients died of hepatic failure and 1 died of multiple organ disfunction syndrome.Conclusions Early diagnosis of HAPA after liver transplantation is difficult and the mortality is high.Interventional embolization + endovascular covered coronary stent grafts implantation guided by DSA is the first choice for the diagnosis and treatment of HAPA.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatic myelopathy results from liver disease, which lacks of effective cure method. Liver transplantation has attempted to cure this disease; however, the long-term therapeutic effect is rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To explore the long-term therapeutic effect of liver transplantation in patients with hepatic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 2 patients with hepatic myelopathy, who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, in August 2002 and November 2004, at the 309 Hospital of Chinese PLA, were analyzed retrospectively. The time of follow-up was 18 and 43 months, respectively. The muscle strength of double lower limbs in 2 patients was assessed prior to and after operation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Two patients recovered well at 4 weeks after transplantation, the clinical symptom and physical signs of patients were improved obviously, the blood routine examination and other biochemical index were normal,and the function of transplanted kidney was normal. Two patients discharged at 6 weeks after transplantation. Patient 1 could stand for a long time at months 6 after transplantation, walked slowly with the supporter after 12 months and without the supporter at 43 months. The muscular strength of two lower limbs was grade 4. And the liver function was normal. Patients 2 could move his lower limbs in bed at months 6 after transplantation, walked with the supporter at 18 months. The muscular strength of two lower limbs was grade 3. The liver function was normal. It demonstrated that liver transplantation is beneficial to control hepatic myelopathy and recover muscular strength of two lower limbs. It is a newly developed, effective curing method for treating hepatic myelopathy. However, the numbers were small with short time observation, thus, the long-term therapeutic effect still need to be explored.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386025

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of IL-23 and IL-23 mRNA in allograft and peripheral blood of mice receiving skin transplantation under different immune states. Methods Mice skin allograft models were established and divided into 3 groups: synergeneic transplant group (BALB/c→BALB/c), allogeneic transplant group (C57BL/6→BALB/c), donor spleen cells infusion group (C57BL/6→BALB/c). Peripheral blood plasma concentration of IL-23 was measured by ELISA. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of IL-23 mRNA in the skin allograft. Results There was no significant difference in the IL-23 and IL-23 mRNA expression among all three groups one day after skin transplantation (P>0. 05). On the day 3, 5, and 7 after skin transplantation, there was significant difference in the IL-23 and IL-23 mRNA expression levels between synergeneic transplant group, donor spleen cells infusion group and allogeneic transplant group (P < 0. 01 ), but there was no significant difference between synergeneic transplant group and donor spleen cells infusion group (P>0. 05). Conclusion The high expression levels of IL-23 and IL-23 mRNA were detected when early acute rejection took place in recipient mice. IL-23 could serve as a predictable and prognostic marker for the acute rejection. Infusion of donor spleen cells can significantly prolong the allograft survival.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385499

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss feasibility and therapeutic effect of the interventional management through biliary tract drainage with percutaneous transhepatic puncture technique for biliary tract stricture after orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods A retrospective review of the clinical and imaging materials of 292 postoperative orthotopic liver transplantation cases was made. Of these 292 cases, 30 patients suffered from biliary tract complications and treated with billiary balloon dilatation, bile drainage and biliary stenting techniques. Results After biliary balloon dilatation, 3 cases of biliary tract strictures and leaks, 3 cases of simple biliary anastomosis site strictures and 7 out of the 8 cases of multiple biliary tract strictures were cured. In one of the multiple biliary tract stricture patients, a hepatic hematoma after biliary balloon dilatation was found and a second liver transplantation was done. In the 14 cases of multiple biliary tract strictures accompanied with biliary sludge, balloon dilatation technique was repeatedly performed. In 12 of the 14 cases, the strictures were improved remarkably and jaundice was subsided; In one of 14 cases, biliary tract stenting procedure was performed, but liver re-transplatation was carried out because of stent obstruction by much sludge. In the remaining 1 of the 14 cases, because there was no improvement of the strictures and relief of jaundice was revealed after the repeated procedures, liver re-transplantation was finally done In 2 cases of strictures at the opening segment of the T tube, the procedure of percutaneous transhepatic puncture for bile drainage was managed. After the procedure, the strictures were alleviated and the jaundice relieved. Conclusion The interventional managements through percutaneous transhepatic puncture techniques were effective, convenient and minimally invasive for treating biliary tract strictures after orthotopic liver transplantation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388468

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the roles of B lymphocyte and plasma cell in liver allograft re-jection to find the evidences of humoral factor participating in the rejection. Methods Immunohisto-chemical inspection of C4d, CD20+ B lymphocytes and CD138+ plasma cells were performed in 34 liver biopsy specimens from 25 patients with hepatic injury and their preoperative specimens. Then we ob-served the variances of the above parameters in the liver biopsy specimens and the differences of them with different hepatic injuries. We further observed the relation of the presence of CD20+ B lympho-cytes and CD138+ plasma cells to C4d positivity. Meanwhile, we compared the difficulties of clinical therapy with different presences of CD20+ B lymphocytes and CD138+ plasma cells in the liver biopsy specimens. Results The positive ratios of CD20+B lymphocytes and CD138+ plasma cells were signif-icantly higher in the acute rejection group than in the non-rejection group(P<0. 05 and P<0. 01).The positive ratios of CD20+ B lymphocytes were markedly higher in the chronic rejection group than in the non-rejection group(P<0. 05). There was no difference in CD138+ plasma cells between the 2 groups. The degrees of hepatic injury could not influence the positive ratioes of CD138+ plasma, but the positive ratioes of CD20+ B lymphocytes in the heavy hepatic injury groups was higher than in the slight hepatic injury groups(P<0. 05). CD20+ B lymphocytes and CD138+ plasma cells presented fol-lowing C4d(P<0. 01 and P<0. 05). The effective power of steroid in the all-positive group was obvi-ously lower than in the all-negative group(P<0. 05). Conclusion Humoral immune may participate in some liver allograft rejection. It would be more favorable for observing and prewarning the humoral re-jection by finding CD20, CD138 and C4d by immunohistochemical staining in liver biopsy specimens with hepatic injury after liver transplantation. It would be helpful for choosing the therapeutic regi-mens of liver allograft rejection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544293

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the long-term effect of orthotopic liver transplantation to patients with hepatic myelopathy. Methods The clinical data of 2 patients with hepatic myelopathy undergoing liver transplantation were analyzed retrospectively. The condition of recovery of muscle strength of the patient's double lower limbs was carefully observed both pre-and post operatively. Results The patient's clinical symptoms were well improved and liver function recovered to normal. Hepatic myelopathy was controlled. The follow-up duration of 2 cases was 18 and 43 months respectively. The muscle strength of lower limbs was recovered from 1 degree to 3 and 4 degree respectively. Conclusion Liver transplantation can effectively control the development of hepatic myelopathy and it is obviously useful for recovery of double lower limbs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675270

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce and evaluate the hand assisted transperitoneal laparoscopic technique for living donor nephrectomy. Methods Five cases treated by using the technique of the hand assisted transperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (HLDN) were summaried.The procedure utilized a hand assisted device for laparoscopic technique to increase safety and control of the laparoscopic technique. Results In these 5 cases,only left side nephrectomy were performed.Mean operating time was 116 min,with mean warm ischemia time being 2.8 min.Mean length of renal arteries and renal vein was 1.8 cm and 2.7 cm,respectively.There were no intra or post operative complications. Conclusions HLDN is easier than traditional laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) for the surgeons,so it can minimize the lear ning curve.HLDN can reduce warm ischemia and operating time,and also facilitate trocar placement.In addition,it can improve the prevention of torsion of the kidney,control of potential bleeding,and in the final stages of vascular stapling and kidney removal.HLDN is a promising new method for living donor nephrectomy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554336

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss and prevent hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT ) or stenosis (HAS) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Methods In harvesting the donor's liver, the hepatic artery should be obtained together with its origin from the celiac artery as a whole. Damage to the hepatic artery should be avoided during dissection, the endothelium should not be injured, especially that of its branches. When the portal veins of the donor and the recipient were opened, the matching arteries were anastomosed end to end. If the diameter of the anastomosing artery was less than 5 mm, a branching section of the artery was selected, the bifurcation septum was divided so that the arterial end was enlarged to ensure a good anastomosis. The endothelium of the artery should be kept intact during the procedure. Results In 36 patients with OLT, no patients suffered from HAT or HAS. Conclusion The important procedures to prevent HAT or HAS in OLT are harvest of a complete donor's arteries, suitable selection of hepatic artery for anastomosis, precise technique of vascular anastomosis, and appropriate use of anticoagulant.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554335

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effects and side-effects of tacrolimus (FK506) in the recipients who had undergone liver transplantation, and summarize the clinical experience of its use. Method The clinical data of 36 recipients of allogeneic liver transplants followed by tacrolimus-based anticoagulant regimen were retrospectively analyzed. After liver transplantation, all the recipients received the triple-drug immunosuppressive protocol, including tacrolimus as the basic drug, mycophenolat-mofetil (MMF), and prednisone. Twenty-four of 36 cases received Zenapax as an antibody induction therapy. Results Acute rejection occurred in 3 of 36 cases. After the use of methylprednisolone and OKT3, acute rejection was reversed. The main side-effects of tacrolimus were nervous system disturbance(40.0%), hypertension(13.3%), hyperglycemia(26.7%), and liver dysfunction(6.7%). Conclusion Tacrolimus is a safe and potent immunosuppressive agent, which can decrease the incidence of rejection in liver transplant recipients. The dosage of tacrolimus should be adjusted according to trough level with in the therapeutic window. The timely and appropriate adjustment of the immunosuppressive strategy is essential for the recipient and graft survival. Meanwhile, it is emphasized that the regime should be individualized. [HS(1*2/3]

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554334

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore causative factors, and prevention and treatment of nonanastomotic biliary stricture (NABS) after orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods The donor’s liver together with celiac artery and its branches were havvested rapidly without injury to reduce heat ischemia time and artery loss, then the bilinary duct was flushed to clean out residual bile. During operation, when the portal vein was opened, the hepatic artery of the donor liver was flushed with heparin saline. Post-operatively, acute or chronic rejection and cytomegalovirus infection should be prevented. When NABS occurred, it was treated with bilinary balloon dilatation. Results Of 36 patients with liver transplantation, 4 patients (11.1%, 4/36) were found to suffer from NABS. Two patients were cured, in one patient it was improved after dilatation, and one patient died. Conclusion NABS is mainly related to artery loss, cold/warm ischemia injury, ischemia/reperfusion injury, bile toxicity injury, immune injury and cytomegalovirus infection etc. Biliary balloon dilatation is the major treatment for NABS. Retransplantation is necessary for some severe cases.

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