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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880431

ABSTRACT

In this study, cytometric beads array(CBA) was used to determine the immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials. The bovine-derived acellular dermal matrix was selected as a test sample and implanted into Balb/C mice subcutaneously to 4 weeks according to the high, medium and low dose groups. Four weeks later, IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3, IgA, and IgM were measured by CBA. The data of the test group and the control group were analyzed statistically. The results showed that compared with the negative control group, there was no significant difference in the IgG3, IgA content in the positive control group, while the IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgM contents were significantly higher than the negative control group; no significant differences were seen in the sample groups. The results show that the method is suitable for analysis of immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred CBA
2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 680-685, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of white light conventional endoscopy (CE), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and narrow-band imaging with magnifying endoscopy (ME-NBI) in evaluating the invasion depth of early gastric cardiac cancer, and to explore the diagnostic strategy of preoperative evaluation of invasive depth of early gastric cardiac cancer.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2019, the endoscopic images of 135 patients with early gastric cardiac cancer confirmed by pathology in Fujian Provincial Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Intramucosal carcinoma (M) and superficial submucosal invasive carcinoma (SM1) were classified as M-SM1 cancer and compared with deep submucosal invasive cancer. The pathological diagnosis after operation was used as gold standard. The accuracy of CE, EUS, ME-NBI and the combination of them in determining the invasion depth of early gastric cardiac cancer was evaluated. Kappa test was performed for consistency test. Kappa value < 0.2 was considered as poor consistency, 0.2 to 0.4 as general consistency, more than 0.4 to 0.6 as medium consistency, more than 0.6 to 0.8 as high consistency, and 0.8 to 1.0 as close to full consistency. Results:The data of 73 patients with early gastric cardiac cancer were enrolled in this study. According to the pathological results after operation, 47 cases were M-SM1 cancer and 26 cases were deep submucosal invasive cancer. The diagnostic accuracy of CE, EUS, ME-NBI and the combination of them before operation were 79.5% (58/73), 72.6% (53/73), 65.7% (48/73) and 87.7% (64/73), respectively. The results of consistency test indicated that the consistency of CE diagnosis and pathological results after operation was medium ( Kappa=0.540, P<0.01), that of EUS and pathological results after operation was general ( Kappa=0.346, P=0.002), that of ME-NBI and pathological results after operation was poor ( Kappa=0.175, P=0.108), while that of the combination of them and pathological results after operation was high ( Kappa=0.724, P<0.01). Conclusions:Compared with single examination method, the combination of CE, EUS and ME-NBI is more accurate in evaluating the invasive depth of early gastric cardiac cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily study the effect of Q self-traction endoscopic submucosal dissection (Q-ESD) on treatment of large early esophageal cancer (EEC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 82 cases of large EEC (single lesion>1/2 cross-section diameter or longitudinal diameter length >5 cm) who underwent ESD on Fujian Provincial Hospital between January 2015 and December 2018. According to the treatment schedule, patients were divided into the conventional ESD group (n=44) and the Q-ESD group (n=38). The procedural area, time, and speed, en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate and complications of the two groups were analyzed.Results:All of the 82 lesions were resected completely under endoscope. There was no statistical difference in the procedural area [779.8 (329.9-2 552.5)mm 2 VS 875.7 (417.8-1 914.8)mm 2, U=155, P=0.636], procedural time [63 (41-177)min VS 59 (42-169)min, U=171, P=0.167] and complete resection rate [94.7% (36/38) VS 93.2% (41/44), χ2=0.086, P=0.769] between the Q-ESD group and the conventional ESD group. Compared with the conventional ESD group, the Q-ESD group had a faster dissection speed [14.9 (5.4-20.8) mm 2/min VS 9.0 (5.0-19.5) mm 2/min, U=142, P=0.035], lower muscularis propria injury rate [7.9% (3/38) VS 27.3% (12/44), χ2=5.123, P=0.023], and a lower stricture rate [5.3% (2/38) VS 20.5% (9/44), χ2=4.051, P=0.044]. No other adverse events occurred except for one case of perforation in the conventional ESD group. Conclusion:The new traction technique of Q-ESD is a safe and effective treatment for large EEC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering is a booming subject in recent years, involving skin, cornea, bone, cartilage, tendon and etc. Noticeably, tissue-engineered skin is an issue of concern, which provides an alluring prospect for the repair of skin defects. OBJECTIVE: To overview the latest research progress of tissue-engineered skin. METHODS: A computer-based research of Medline database from 1996 to 2017 was performed, with the English keywords of epidermis, dermis, tissue engineered skin. The latest research status of tissue-engineered skin was summarized in views of epidermal and dermal substitutes, followed by exploring the problems and prospects of tissue-engineered skin. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 65 literatures were included. Complex skin substitutes include epidermis and dermis, in which hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands and other cutaneous appendages are absent. Therefore, how to solve above problems is a hotspot issue and major trend in tissue-engineered skin. Tissue-engineered skin aims to construct permanent skin substitutes containing melanocytes and Langerhans cells rapidly. Since the current tissue-engineered skin substitutes can completely replace skin tissues neither in morphology nor in function, in-depth studies are expected in the near future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613522

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the advantages and characteristics of pathology experimental teaching based on WeChat public platform. Method Through the establishment ofhomogeneous pathol-ogy experiment platform—WeChat public platform, the students of clinical medicine major of Class 1 and 2 of Grade 2014 who participated in the pathological experiment course were divided into two groups. The experimental group (65 people) used the auxiliary teaching based on the WeChat public platform, and the control group (65 people) used the traditional teaching method. The students in the experimental group used the WeChat public platform in combination with pathology experimental teaching, pushing the experimental teaching by WeChat public platform, including the change of specimen and eye diseases under the micro-scope of typical pictures and videos, and at the same time pushing the typical disease image and the related text introduction, and auxiliary pathology experimental teaching. The effect of teaching was evaluated by student experimental examination and electronic questionnaire. The data were collated after the entry of SPSS 19.0, and the data comparison was performed by t test. Result The average score of the experimental group (14.80±0.24) was significantly higher than that of the traditional teaching group (13.79±0.33), and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.031). The experimental group students' evaluation on the learning of WeChat based public platform was higher than the control group's evaluation on traditional teaching in the aspects of learning interest, reducing learning pressure and feedback. Conclusion The application of WeChat public platform for the teaching of pathological experiments is feasible compared with the traditional teaching model and can improve the teaching effect effectively, and solve the problems of the pathology experiment teaching sample being insufficient or the teaching sample being not typical, which creates conditions for students to study independently and use specimens and pictures.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696102

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the effect of Yue-Ju Bao-He (YJBH) pill and simvastatin on the reversal of myocardial fibrosis induced by atherosclerosis (AS).ApoE-/-mice were fed on high fat diet to establish models of atherosclerotic plaque and myocardial fibrosis.YJBH pill and simvastatin were used alone or in combination as interventions.Control groups of high fat diet as well as normal diet were observed.Serum lipid and vascular angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ),matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) were measured by Elisa.Quantitative analysis of collagen volume fraction (CVF) was conducted by myocardial tissue Masson staining.High-throughput transcriptome sequencing analysis was also adapted to detect differentially expressed genes in myocardial tissues of each group.The results showed that compared with single usage,YJBH pill combined with simvastatin can effectively reduce the total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and Ang Ⅱ,increase high density lipoprotein (HDL-C),MMP-1,while Masson staining CVF value was also significantly decreased.Compared with the control group of normal diet,the analysis results from high-throughput transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that difference of gene expression of YJBH pill combined with simvastatin group was mainly in fatty acid metabolism,extend and degradation related pathways,and compared with the model group,the difference of gene expression was mainly in primary immunodeficiency and intestinal immune network IgA production pathways.It was concluded that the combined therapy of YJBH pill and simvastatin can effectively reverse the AS induced myocardial fibrosis.Its mechanism is related to the regulation of immune inflammatory reaction.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of magnetron-sputtered ZrSiN/ZrO2 gradient coating on the bonding strength of commercially pure titanium to porcelain.Methods:50 cast titanium specimens were prepared according to the ISO 9693 standard,and divided into 2 groups(n =25).The ZrSiN/ZrO2 gradient coating was deposited on specimens by magnetron sputtering technique,and subsequently a low-fusing porcelain was applied for the samples in the expermental group,the samples in the control group were treated by surface sandblasting.The roughness and surface energy of the samples were measured(n =10).The bonding strength of titanium-porcelain specimens was analyzed by three-point bending test (n =10).Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS) were employed to examine the properties of the delaminated and cross-sectioned surfaces.The results were analyzed by paired t-test (α =0.05) with SPSS 1 1.0 software.Results:The roughness of the experimantal group was lower(P < 0.05) and the contact angle was larger(P < 0.05) than those in the control group.The titanium-porcelain bond strength of gradient-coated group was greater than that of control group(P <0.05).The SEM and EDS examination results of delaminated and cross-sectioned surfaces also indicated that the gradient-coated group showed more porcelain residues.Conclusion:The bonding strength of porcelain-fused-to-titanium can be improved by magnetron sputtered ZrSiN/ZrO2 gradient coating.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 329-331, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462843

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the training of recruits′psychological stress and its relevant influencing factors ,so as to of‐fer scientific basis for the psychological training and psychological health education of recruits .Methods Questionnaire survey method was used and a total of 720 training of recruits in 2013 was sampled .The application of the stress response questionnaire (SRQ) ,eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) ,trait coping style questionnaire (TCSQ) ,symptom checklist (SCL‐90) were used to carry out the psychological test and analysis on these recruits .Results The total score of the SCL‐90 and the score of each factor were significantly lower than the norm of recruits in year of 2000(P0 .05) .According to what was shown in the related analysis ,the SCL‐90 total score .SRQ total score had significant positive correlation with emotional stability and negative coping style(P<0 .01) ,but had significant negative correlation with introversion‐extroversion and waste score(P<0 .01) ,and the total score of SCL‐90 had significant positive correlation SRQ to‐tal score(P<0 .01) .It was shown in the regression analysis that factors had significant predictive effect on the psychological factors of new soldiers during the training period respectively were as follow :negative coping ,stability ,introversion‐extroversion ,psychoti‐cism and whether they are the only child or not .The decisive coefficient of 5 variables was R2 =0 .558 ,F=163 .65(P<0 .01) .Con‐clusion The overall mental health of 2013 recruits training are in good condition ,individual mental health status ,personality traits and coping style training of recruits psychological stress are significant predictors .

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4221-4223, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin and rivaroxaban in the preven-tion of deep venous thrombosis after spinal surgery. METHODS:Totally 276 patients with high risk factors after spinal surgery were randomly divided into control group and observation group. The patients in the two groups were used elastic stockings to physi-cally prevent deep venous thrombosis from the postoperative first day to continue 3 months;based on it,control group was subcuta-neously injected with 1 low molecular weight heparin from the postoperative first day,once a day. Observation group was orally treated with 1 Rivaroxaban tablet,once every night. The treatment course for 2 groups was 2 weeks. The clinic data was observed, including clinical efficacy,superficial femoral vein diameter(FSV),popliteal vein diameter(POPV),prothrombin time(PT),fi-brinogen degradation products(FIB)and D- dimer(DD)before and after treatment,incidence of deep venous thrombosis and ad-verse reactions. RESULTS:There were no significant differences in the total effective rate and deep venous thrombosis and inci-dence of ADR between 2 groups(P>0.05). After 3 months,compared with before,there were no significant differences in the FSV and POPV between 2 groups (P>0.05);POPV in control group was significantly lower than before and observation group, there was statistical significance(P0.05);the FIB and D-D were significantly higher than before,there was statistical significance(P0.05);after 4 weeks,PT in 2 groups was significantly high-er than before,there was statistical significance(P0.05);FIB and D-D were significantly higher than before,and observation group was lower than control group,there was statisti-cal significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Both efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin and rivaroxaban in the pre-vention of deep venous thrombosis after spinal surgery are good. However,rivaroxaban is better than low molecular weight heparin in improving blood coagulation function.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470623

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide references for the plan-making of mental intervention on new recruits through the exploration of the comprehensive psychological behavior training influences on psychological stress and health and relevant factors.Methods 436 new recruits in training period were divided into comprehensive psychological behavior training group (intervention group) and non intervention group (control group).By randomly selected 2 (intervention group,control group) × 2 (Before training and after training) matching design,the questionnaire survey was carried out using stress-reaction questionnaire (SRQ),symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90),eysenck personality questionnaire(EPQ),trait coping style questionaire(TCSQ) at the 15th day and 75th day.t-test between group and matched t-test within group and multiple stepwise regression analysis were carried out.Results (1) The SCL-90 total point of new recruits in intervention group (125.26±36.52)and control group(124.92± 34.79) before the training and the difference of SRQ and TCSQ factor scores had no statistical significance(P> 0.05).The difference after the comprehensive psychological behavior training had no statistical significance (P> 0.05) as the total points of SCL-90 of intervention group(125.63±36.74) and other factors' score were compared with before.Except for the somatization and force,the total points of SCL-90 (131.21 ± 39.98)and other factor scores of the control group were all higher than what they were in the early period of the training significantly (P< 0.01 or P<0.05).In the later period of group training,from the parallel controlled study among groups we found that except for the somatization and force,the total points of SCL-90 and other factor scores of the control group are all lower than the control group (P<0.0 or P<0.05).(2)The total points of intervention group's SCL-90 and SRQ had significant positive correlation with negative coping and stability(r=0.313-0.698,P<0.01) while it had negative correlation with introversion and extroversion(r=-0.293--0.207,P<0.01) as well as dissimulation at the later period of group training,however,it did not have significant correlation with positive coping method (P>0.05).(3) The regression analysis showed that factors significantly affected the total score of SCL-90 respectively was:SRQ total score,negative coping method,stability,introversion-extroversion and psychoticism (P< 0.01).Five variables'coefficient of determination R 2 =0.665,F=247.82,P< 0.01.Conclusion The comprehensive psychological behavior training could reduce the over psychological stress of new recruits,promote their positive coping attitude and protecting their psychological health.Coping method and personality characteristics are important mediating variable between new recruits' psychological stress and mental health.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4766-4768, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457855

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative effect and safety between ziprasidone injection and haloperidol injection in the treatment of acute agitation of schizophrenia .Methods Totally 86 patients with acute agitation of schizophrenia were divided into observational group(n=43)and control group(n=43) ,the study used a random ,single‐blinded and clinical controlled experiment . the observational group was given ziprasidone mesylate 10-20 mg every time by intramuscular injection and the amount was less than 40 mg every day ;control group was given haloperidol injection 5-10 mg every time by intramuscular injection and the amount was less than 30 mg every day .Drugs in the two groups could be repeated according to the state of illness after 4-6 hours ,and the daily injections were no more than 3 times and the course of treatment was 3 days .The Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale Ex‐cited Factor(PANSS‐EC)was used to evaluate the agitated symptoms before treatment and 2 ,6 ,24 ,48 ,72 hours after treatment ,the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale(PANSS)and Clinical Global Impression Scale‐Severity of Illness(CGI‐SI)was used to evalu‐ate the curative effect ;extrapyramidal side adverse reaction(SAS) ,Treatment Emergent Symptoms Scale(TESS)and the related lab tests were employed to assess the adverse reaction .Results Comparing with the baseline ,PANSS‐EC score of observe group de‐creased significantly at 2 h after the treatment ;at other observation time‐points ,PANSS scores ,PANSS‐EC scores and CGI‐SI scores in the two groups both decreased significantly(P0 .05) .There were no significant difference in the total effective rate between the two groups(P>0 .05) .There were no serious ad‐verse events in the two groups .incidences of adverse reactions of observe group were 37 .21% ,which were significantly lower than that of control group 53 .49% (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Effect of ziprasidone injection and haloperidol injection was comparable in the treating acute agitation of schizophrenia ,which could treat acute agitation of schizophrenia with low incidences and excellent se‐curity .

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1088-1089,1092, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598881

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of different simvastatin doses on hyperlipidemia in the elderly .Methods 120 patients with hyperlipidemia were randomly divided into two groups ,60 cases in each group ,patients were given simvastatin 10 mg/d(10 mg/d group) or 20 mg/d(20 mg/d group) .Data were collected before and after treatment ,including total cholesterol (TC) ,three acyl glycerin (TG) ,low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ,high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ,treat-ment efficacy and adverse reactions events .Results 3 month after treatment ,TC ,TG ,LDL-C and HDL-C were better than before treatment in both groups(P0 .05) .Conclusion 20 mg/d simvasta-tin is better than 10 mg/d simvastatin in efficacy of elderly patients with hyperlipidemia ,and offers a safe and reliable treatment .

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4292-4293, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440091

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis 2 years follow-up clinical effects in endodontic lesion combined periodontal in treatment with Vitapex .Methods 112 patients with periodontal endodontic lesion combined periodontal were randomly divided into control group (56 cases ,75 teeth) and study group(56 cases ,77 teeth) .Treatment of Zinc oxide glycerin paste combined with gutta percha filling root canal was used in control group ,while Vitapex combined with gutta percha filling root canal was used in study group .After 2 years ,the clinical data of the two groups were analysed .Results The total effective rate of anterior and posterior in study group were significant higher than in control group(P<0 .05) .The total effective rate of of I type ,II type and III type lesions in study group were higher than in control group(P<0 .05) .Conclusion Treatment of Vitapex combined with gutta percha filling root canal in endodontic lesion combined periodontal has better clinical effectiveness to promote periapical and periodontal tissue healing than control group .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421401

ABSTRACT

An analysis of the results of examination of diagnostics teaching in the middle of the semester of 2008 grade is made to discuss the pnoblems existing in teaching and learning so as to improve the teaching quality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391367

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence rate and the related risk factors of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in rescue troops one year after Wenchuan earthquake as science proofs of mental interven-tion. Methods 1176 officers/soldiers from rescue troops were tested with the questionnaire composed by General state of health questionnaire, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), simple coping style questionnaire (SCSQ) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Students't test and correlation analysis were used to study the risk factors. Results One year after Wenehuan earthquake,the prevalence rate of PTSD was 3.45%. Compared with the norms of Chinese serviceman, some evaluative indexes' scores, including somatization(1.43±0.57),exterior(12.50±3.79)/interior and positive response factors(2.05±0.71), were higher(P<0.05), at the same time some evaluative indexes' scores, such as anxiety,depression,nervousness and negative response factor, were obviously lower(P<0.01). Correlation analysis showed total score of PLC-C was positively correlated with somatization, anxiety, depression and negative response factors, separately (P<0.01),but negatively correlated with exterior/interior and positive response factors, separately (P<0.01).Conclusion The psychological status of the earthquake-rescuers is basically normal one year after Wenchuan earthquake. The younger soldiers with less education,who have nervous,introversive character,are the emphasis crowd.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occurrence circumstance of acute stress disorder(ASD),clinical features and related risk factors,in the officers and soldiers who had gone to Beichuan county to provide disaster relief.Methods We used the self-general questionnaire,post-traumatic stress symptoms self-rating scale(PCL-C),perceived social support scale(PSSS),and coping style questionnaires(SCSQ)to assess the 126 subjects,combining with semi-structured interviews to determine and compare the ASD group and control group,and then analyzed the related factors.Results The prevalence rate of ASD officers and soldiers was 13.49%,with main symptoms of repeatedly breaking into painful memories,nightmares,reproducing the scenes of traumatic events,strong trouble of psychological pain,decreased interest,sleep disorders and emotional instability.These main symptoms of ASD interacts each other,and were reduced with positive response and good social support.Conclusion In the phase of acute stress(one month),the officers and soldiers taking part in earthquake relief have symptoms of ASD,so we should strengthen the necessary psychological assessment and comprehensive psychological intervention means,in order to slow down psychological trauma after disaster,prevent and reduce the possibility that ASD turns into post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD).

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