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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 760-765, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662120

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe our experience with the transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) in female patients,and to evaluate its clinical value.Methods Between May 2010 and April 2017,a total of 289 female patients underwent transvaginal NOTES in our center,including 31cases of adrenal tumors,46 cases of renal tumors,188 cases of non-functional kidneys,5 cases of renal cysts,4 cases of duplex kidney,7 cases of renal tuberculosis and 8 cases of renal pelvis tumors.Among them,146 cases were on the left side,142 cases on the right side,and 1 case on both sides (renal cysts).The median age was 39.4 (range 23 to 76) years,and the median body mass index was 21.8(range 15.4 to 32.6) kg/m2.After general anesthesia,the patients were positioned in lithotomy with ipsilateral lumbar at 30°-60° angle to the floor.Hybrid and pure transvaginal NOTES were performed.The specimen was removed through an extended incision at the posterior vaginal fornix.Results Transvaginal NOTES was successfully completed in 281 patients.Two patients required conversion to suprapubic-assisted laparoendoscopic single-site surgery because of the rectal injury in pure transvaginal NOTES nephrectomy.Six patients underwent open conversion.The various transvaginal hybrid NOTES procedures included adrenalectomy (31 cases),nephrectomy (206 cases;simple 174 cases,radical 32 cases),partial nephrectomy (13 cases),heminephroureterctomy for duplex kidney (4 cases) and hybrid endoscopy for nephroureterectomy (7 cases).The mean operative time was 105 min (45-310 min),the mean estimated blood loss was 87 ml (20-800 ml),the mean visual analogue score (VAS) of 48 hours after operation was 2.5 (1-4) points and the mean hospitalization was 7.3 d (4-13 d) for transvaginal hybrid NOTES.The various pure transvaginal NOTES procedures included nephrectomy (22 cases;simple 21,radical 1),renal cyst excision (5 cases).The mean operative time was 170 min (60-320 min),the mean estimated blood loss was 140 ml (20-500 ml),the mean VAS of 48 hours after operation was 1.7 (1-3) points and the mean hospitalization was 5.5 d (3-10 d) for transvaginal pure NOTES.Complications occurred in 56 cases (19.38%),including 20 cases (6.92%) of severe complications,and no death occurred.After a mean follow-up of 51 (range 3 to 86) months,umbilicus scar was hidden.The incision in the vagina healed well.No infection in the abdominal or pelvic cavity or celiocele occurred.The umbilicus scar is not obvious after surgery,and 3 months after surgery.The median Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire (PSAQ) score was 38 (31-58) and the median Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) score was 28.2 (22.5-32.2),and the quality of life index was significantly higher than that of preoperation.Condusions Transvaginal NOTES could treat variousprimary diseases,and improve the postoperative quality of life.It does not increase the incidence of related complications,or cause negative effect on the female sexual function,pregnancy or fertility.It can lead to good cosmetic outcome and less pain,which is worth applying in clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 683-686, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661648

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of unilateral nephrectomy patients.Methods 1048 patients,including 596 males and 452 females,underwent unilateral nephrectomy from June 2010 to June 2016.Their age ranged from 16-87 years old (mean 58.7 years old).532 patients combined with components of metabolic syndrome and 213 patients with metabolic syndrome.164 patients had a previous history of urolithiasis.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney after nephrectomy was recorded and analyzed.The urolithiasis incidences in different gender,age,comorbidity and history of urolithiasis patients after uninephrectomy were compared.Results All patients were followed up within 0.5 to 6 years (mean 3.2 years).89 patients suffered from urinary stones in the contralateral kidney after uninephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney was 8.5% (89/1048),which was higher than that in general population of China.1%-5%.The urolithiasis incidence was 9.1% (54/596)in male patients and 7.7% (35/452)in female patients after nephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 8.6% (3/35)in patients aged under 30 years old,12.5% (34/272) in patients aged 30-49 years old,7.3% (37/504) in patients aged 50-69 years old,6.3% (15/237)in patients aged 70 and over.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 12.2% (65/532) in patients with components of metabolic syndrome after nephrectomy and 19.7% (42/213) in patients with metabolic syndrome,while the incidence was 4.7% (24/516)in patients without components of metabolic syndrome.In patients with history of urolithiasis,the incidence was up to 30.5% (50/164) after nephrectomy,while 4.4% (39/884)in patients without history of urolithiasis.Conclusions The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of uninephrectomy patients was higher,especially in patients with metabolic syndrome or urolithiasis history.Patients after unilateral nephrectomy are more vulnerable to urolithiasis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 760-765, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659433

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe our experience with the transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) in female patients,and to evaluate its clinical value.Methods Between May 2010 and April 2017,a total of 289 female patients underwent transvaginal NOTES in our center,including 31cases of adrenal tumors,46 cases of renal tumors,188 cases of non-functional kidneys,5 cases of renal cysts,4 cases of duplex kidney,7 cases of renal tuberculosis and 8 cases of renal pelvis tumors.Among them,146 cases were on the left side,142 cases on the right side,and 1 case on both sides (renal cysts).The median age was 39.4 (range 23 to 76) years,and the median body mass index was 21.8(range 15.4 to 32.6) kg/m2.After general anesthesia,the patients were positioned in lithotomy with ipsilateral lumbar at 30°-60° angle to the floor.Hybrid and pure transvaginal NOTES were performed.The specimen was removed through an extended incision at the posterior vaginal fornix.Results Transvaginal NOTES was successfully completed in 281 patients.Two patients required conversion to suprapubic-assisted laparoendoscopic single-site surgery because of the rectal injury in pure transvaginal NOTES nephrectomy.Six patients underwent open conversion.The various transvaginal hybrid NOTES procedures included adrenalectomy (31 cases),nephrectomy (206 cases;simple 174 cases,radical 32 cases),partial nephrectomy (13 cases),heminephroureterctomy for duplex kidney (4 cases) and hybrid endoscopy for nephroureterectomy (7 cases).The mean operative time was 105 min (45-310 min),the mean estimated blood loss was 87 ml (20-800 ml),the mean visual analogue score (VAS) of 48 hours after operation was 2.5 (1-4) points and the mean hospitalization was 7.3 d (4-13 d) for transvaginal hybrid NOTES.The various pure transvaginal NOTES procedures included nephrectomy (22 cases;simple 21,radical 1),renal cyst excision (5 cases).The mean operative time was 170 min (60-320 min),the mean estimated blood loss was 140 ml (20-500 ml),the mean VAS of 48 hours after operation was 1.7 (1-3) points and the mean hospitalization was 5.5 d (3-10 d) for transvaginal pure NOTES.Complications occurred in 56 cases (19.38%),including 20 cases (6.92%) of severe complications,and no death occurred.After a mean follow-up of 51 (range 3 to 86) months,umbilicus scar was hidden.The incision in the vagina healed well.No infection in the abdominal or pelvic cavity or celiocele occurred.The umbilicus scar is not obvious after surgery,and 3 months after surgery.The median Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire (PSAQ) score was 38 (31-58) and the median Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) score was 28.2 (22.5-32.2),and the quality of life index was significantly higher than that of preoperation.Condusions Transvaginal NOTES could treat variousprimary diseases,and improve the postoperative quality of life.It does not increase the incidence of related complications,or cause negative effect on the female sexual function,pregnancy or fertility.It can lead to good cosmetic outcome and less pain,which is worth applying in clinical practice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 683-686, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658729

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of unilateral nephrectomy patients.Methods 1048 patients,including 596 males and 452 females,underwent unilateral nephrectomy from June 2010 to June 2016.Their age ranged from 16-87 years old (mean 58.7 years old).532 patients combined with components of metabolic syndrome and 213 patients with metabolic syndrome.164 patients had a previous history of urolithiasis.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney after nephrectomy was recorded and analyzed.The urolithiasis incidences in different gender,age,comorbidity and history of urolithiasis patients after uninephrectomy were compared.Results All patients were followed up within 0.5 to 6 years (mean 3.2 years).89 patients suffered from urinary stones in the contralateral kidney after uninephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney was 8.5% (89/1048),which was higher than that in general population of China.1%-5%.The urolithiasis incidence was 9.1% (54/596)in male patients and 7.7% (35/452)in female patients after nephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 8.6% (3/35)in patients aged under 30 years old,12.5% (34/272) in patients aged 30-49 years old,7.3% (37/504) in patients aged 50-69 years old,6.3% (15/237)in patients aged 70 and over.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 12.2% (65/532) in patients with components of metabolic syndrome after nephrectomy and 19.7% (42/213) in patients with metabolic syndrome,while the incidence was 4.7% (24/516)in patients without components of metabolic syndrome.In patients with history of urolithiasis,the incidence was up to 30.5% (50/164) after nephrectomy,while 4.4% (39/884)in patients without history of urolithiasis.Conclusions The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of uninephrectomy patients was higher,especially in patients with metabolic syndrome or urolithiasis history.Patients after unilateral nephrectomy are more vulnerable to urolithiasis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507423

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the doctor-nurse integrated health care management model in perioperative nursing management of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Methods A total of 70 female patients underwent transvaginal NOTES. All patients were randomly divided into the control and the study groups. The control group adopted the traditional model of care, and the study group implemented a layered panel system of integrated health care nursing mode, which consisted of three lines (leader), second line, front-line doctors, anesthesiologists consisting of the doctor series and secondary responsibility leader, a responsibility of nurses, operating room nurses laparoscopy group traveling together constituted a series of nurses′ health care integration of the health care team. The average length of stay, preoperative waiting days, awareness of the disease, early postoperative activities and reasonable diet, patient satisfaction with care, doctors′ satisfaction with nurses′ operation and overall satisfaction with health care work were compared. Results The preoperative waiting days, average length of stay, surgical satisfaction, patients′ satisfaction, doctors-nurses′overall satisfaction in the study group were (3.95±0.51) d, (11.58±1.83) d, (95.48±3.82)%, (99.26± 0.61)%, (96.33±0.29)%, the control group were (5.50±0.68) d, (15.79±2.14) d, (82.08±7.21)%, (92.18± 3.54)%, (80.03 ± 5.88)%, the differences were statistically significant (t=-4.431-6.172, P 0.05). Conclusions The implementation ofdoctor-nurse integrated health carenew model can optimize the collocation of medical health care integration, enhance the quality of care, improve patient experience, and improve patients′and doctors′satisfaction for nursing work.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 647-651, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503750

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the complications of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery( TV-NOTES) nephrectomy, and to explore effective measures to prevent and manage those complication.Methods From May 2010 to January 2015, a total of 178 females who had been married and given birth underwent TV-NOTES nephrectomy in our center.The average age was 47 ( ranging 23 to 71 ) years and the average BMI was 23.6 ( ranging 14.7 to 31.9 ) kg/m2.Pathological diagnosis included 142 cases of non-functional kidneys, 29 cases of renal tumors ( T1 N0-1 M0 25 cases, T2 N0-1 M0 4 cases) , and 7 cases of renal tuberculosis.One hundred and sixty hybrid TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 132, radical in 28) and 18 pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 17, radical in 1) were performed.Intraoperative and postoperative complications were graded according to Satava and Clavien-Dindo grade classifications.The major complications and relative treatments were analyzed.Results Among the 178 TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures, there were 40 ( 22.5%) complications occurred, including 13 (7.3%) major complications, in which there were 11 cases of intraoperative complications (6.2%),2 cases of postoperative complications (1.1%).All the complications were successfully managed using organ repair or resection, embolectomy, hemostasis, and so on.No intraoperative and postoperative deaths occurred.There was no significant difference in major complications between hybrid TV-NOTES and pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy (6.9%vs.11.1%, P=0.620).The intraoperative major complications in the early developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy were more than that of the late stage (20.0%vs.3.4%, P=0.004).There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the early and late developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy (13.3%vs.10.8%, P=0.751).Conclusions TV-NOTES nephrectomy is safe and feasible, but there are some major complications worthy of attention.Personal prevent and treatment strategy should be considered.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811903

ABSTRACT

@#Folic acid(FA)was conjugated with bovine serum albumin(BSA)to form targeting material. BSA-coated cationic nanostructure lipid carriers(BSA-cNLCs)and folate-BSA-coated cationic nanostructure lipid carriers(FA-BSA-cNLCs)were prepared by film dispersion. The particle sizes of BSA-cNLCs and FA-BSA-cNLCs were 81. 4 nm and 79. 8 nm, while their Zeta potentials were +5. 12 mV and +3. 74 mV. Both nanostructure lipid carriers showed spherical shape. Paclitaxel encapsulation efficiency of them were more than 97%, with drug loading efficiency of about 3. 7%. In vitro experiments confirmed that the uptake of FA-BSA-cNLCs by overexpressed folate receptor SKOV3 cells was significantly higher than that of BSA-cNLCs, demonstrating that FA-BSA-cNLCs were obviously targeted to SKOV3. Blood and tumor pharmacokinetics showed that there was no significant differences between BSA-cNLCs and FA-BSA-cNLCs. This suggested that modified FA on the surface of the preparation had no effect on its in vivo behavior. Tumor inhibition of BSA-cNLCs and FA-BSA-cNLCs were 72. 08% and 80. 75%, repectively, which indicateds that FA-BSA-cNLCs improve anticancer efficacy in vitro and in vivo, and that it could be a potential preparation for the treatment of cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 531-534, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454198

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endo-scopic surgery(NOTES)-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy on female sexual function and quality of life . Methods This was a prospective study on the change of female sexual function and quality of life of female patients who underwent transvaginal NOTES-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy from May .2011 to Nov. 2012.A total of 42 cases were included in this study (28 of them with severe hydronephrosis , non-functio-ning kidney , 11 with pyelonephrosis , 1 with renal tuberculosis , 1 with duplex kidney complicated with hy-dronephrosis, and 1 with renal angiomyolipoma ).The mean age was 36.9±5.3 (26-45) years, and the mean body mass index was 21.7±2.6 (14.7 to 27.1) kg/m2.Twenty-four cases were operated on the left side, 18 cases on the right .The female sexual function and quality of life were assessed before and 4 months, 7 months and 1 year after surgery using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and the MOS 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), respectively. Results The mean FSFI of 42 cases preoperatively and 4 months, 7 months and 1 yr postoperatively were 27.74 ±4.34, 27.19 ±4.49, 28.54±4.23, and 28.68 ±4.19, respectively.There was no statistically significant difference among them (F=1.111, P=0.346).Compared with that of preoperation , the physical function, vitality, metal health, body pain, and general health of the patients were improved , but the role-physical, role-emotion and social function were not improved at postoperative month 4 and month 7 (P<0.05).Each item of SF-36 was im-proved after postoperative 1 year ( P<0.05) . Conclusions Transvaginal NOTES-assisted laparoscopic ne-phrectomy does not cause negative effect on the female sexual function .The quality of life can be improved after operation .The physical function is improved at early stage , and the psychological function as well .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444196

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the measure of the peri-operative care in patients undergoing nephroureterectomy with transvaginal NOTES-assisted hybrid endoscopy.Methods Nursing measures and the effect of 3 patients who underwent transvaginal NOTES-assisted hybrid endoscopy in nephroureterectomy were retrospectively analyzed.Results All procedures were successfully completed.There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications.All patients were cured and discharged.Conclusions For the patients receiving transvnginal NOTES-assisted hybrid endoscopy in nephroureterectomy,good psychological care,adequate preoperative preparation,postoperative care,and health education can reduce postoperative complications and play an important role in the success of the operation.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635103

ABSTRACT

This study examined the association of polymorphisms in angiotensin II receptor genes (AT (1) R and AT (2) R) with the risk for aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) in a Chinese Han population. Four polymorphisms including rs5182 (573T/C) in exon 4, rs5186 (1166A/C) in 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) in AT (1) R gene and rs5194 (2274G/A) in 3'-UTR, rs1403543 (1675G/A) in intron 1 in AT (2) R gene were detected in 148 APA patients and 192 normal subjects (serving as control) by using a MGB-Taqman probe. The distribution of genotypes of each locus was in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) in the APA and control groups (P>0.05). The allele A frequency at rs5194 was significantly higher in the APA group (0.49) than in the control group (0.35) (χ (2)=12.08, P=0.001). Subjects with homozygotic genotype AA and heterozygotic genotype GA were at an increased risk for APA as compared to those with GG genotype (OR=2.66, 95% CI=1.45-4.87; OR=1.67, 95% CI=1.02-2.74). Furthermore, rs5194 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at AT (2) R gene was significantly associated with APA in additive (OR=1.64, 95% CI=1.21-2.20, P=0.001), dominant (OR=1.94, 95% CI=1.23-3.06, P=0.003), and recessive model (OR=2.01, 95% CI=1.17-3.45, P=0.01). It was concluded that rs5194 polymorphism at AT (2) R gene was associated with the risk for APA, which may constitute a genetic marker of APA.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634848

ABSTRACT

The expression of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) and angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT(2)R) in aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) of the adrenal gland was detected, and their relationship with clinical indexes of APA was analyzed. The mRNA expression of AT(1)R and AT(2)R in 50 cases of APA and tissues adjacent to tumors and 12 cases of normal adrenal tissues was detected by using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression of AT(1)R and AT(2)R proteins in paraffin-embedded slices of tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of AT(1)R in adenoma, tissues adjacent to tumor, and normal tissues of the adrenal gland showed no significant differences. The expression of AT(2)R in APA tissue was lower than that in normal adrenal gland tissues (P<0.05). Correlation analysis of the mRNA expression level of AT(2)R and clinical data from patients demonstrated that AT(2)R expression was negatively related to plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) (r=-0.467, P<0.05), but positively related with plasma renin activity (PRA) (r=0.604, P<0.05). It is concluded that down-regulation of the AT(2)R expression is possibly related with the tumorigenesis of APA.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 376-378, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389411

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop and evaluate a porcine model for training the single needle running suture method of laparoscopie urethrovesical anastomosis(LUA). Methods Twenty minipigs with mean weight of 30kg were general anaesthetized with Sumianxin solution 0. 1 ml/kg intramuscularly. Pneumoperitoneum was created by insufflation of carbon dioxide by a veress needle inserted through the umbilicus. One 10mm port and two 5mm ports were positioned after the establishment of pneumoperitoneum. The intestine was used as "bladder". The procedures were completed with the single needle running suture method of laparoscopic urethrovesical anastomosis. Six trainees performed the LUA procedure based on the models during a laparoscopic training course, following the technique used in the operation room. The learning curve was analyzed by operative time. Results The porcine model for laparoscopic training was established successfully and 3 LUAs could be performed on each pig. Each trainee performed 10 LUAs based on the models during the training course of laparoscopic urology. The operative time declined from (55.3±10. 4)min initially to (22.4±4.8)min (P<0. 01) after the training course. At the end of training, all trainees could accomplish a watertight LUR procedure on the model. Conclusions The establishment of the training model is feasible. The trainees could acquire the skills necessary to perform LUA in vivo based on this model. The model provides a platform for training the basic techniques of LUA procedures.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 782-785, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386010

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment on epididymal obstructive azoospermia (EOA) and the factors affecting clinical results. Methods The clinical data of 51 EOA patients who underwent single layer longitudinal 2-suture intussusception vasoepididymostomy (LIVE) were retrospectively analyzed. The months of follow up, mean level of sperm count per ejaculate and percentage of grade A sperm were collected. Patency and pregnancy rates were recorded during followups. Results A total of 51 men were taken scrotal exploration. Sperms were bilaterally or unilaterally present in epididymal fluid in 49 cases, including 1 case had sperm in one side of the epididymal fluid and the contralateral vasal fluid. No sperm was found in epididymis in 2 cases. Bilateral and unilateral LIVE were performed in 48 cases. 44 were followed for more than 6 months and 39 for more than 1 year. Sperm was present in ejaculate in 32 of cases, the overall patency rates were 72.7%. The mean sperm count was (24±23) × 106 per ejaculate. Grade A sperm was present in the ejaculate in 28 cases with a mean levels of (12± 11.2)%. A total of 10 cases achieved pregnancy.Pregnancy was achieved only when the site of anastomosis was at cauda epididymis. Conclusions Loupe-assisted LIVE, with lower cost and simplified surgical procedure, could achieve optimistic patency outcomes and pregnancy results. Data of this paper also suggested that it should be taken into account that pregnant outcome was related to the site of anastomosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 810-813, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385169

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the initial clinical experience of transvaginal NOTES-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy. Methods From May to June 2010, 4 female patients with non-functioning kidney and 1 female patient with renal tuberculosis underwent transvaginal NOTES-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy. The median age was 41 years (range 36 to 63). Three lesions were on the right side, and 2 on the left. After induction of general anesthesia, the patients were positioned in lithotomy with ipsilateral lumbar at 60° angle to the operating table. A 5 mm Trocar and a 10 mm Trocar were placed through the umbilicus, and a 10 mm Trocar for 30° laparoscope was placed through the posterior vaginal fornix under direct vision. The kidneys were put into a home-made bag and removed via the incision of posterior vaginal fornix after there were completely resected. Results The 5 procedures were successfully finished. The median operative time was 190 (range 150 to 260)min. The median estimated blood loss was 185 (range 150 to 210) ml. There were no intra-operative or postoperative complications. The patients resumed ambulation 1 day after surgery, and resumed nutrition 2 days after surgery. The drainages were removed on postoperactive day 3. The patients were discharged on postoperative day 7. The incision in vagina healed well. Conclusions Transvaginal NOTES-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy is feasible and reproducible. This novel technique may provide additional benefits related to postoperative pain, recovery, and cosmetic results even when compared to today's minimally invasive procedures.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 176-180, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396118

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association of mutations in aldosterone synthase (CYPllB2)and 11 beta-hydroxylase(CYP11B1)genes with primary aldosteronism(PA).Methods Five mutations of CYP11B2 and CYP11B1 genes were analyzed in patients with PA and normal population.Among them,intron 2 was detected by 2 independent PCR reactions,and the others were analyzed using Taqman probes.The Haploview 4.0,SNPassoc 1.5-3 and Haplo.stats 1.3.8 were used to analyse the association between polymorphisms and PA.Results All the selected mutations were successfully genetyped.Only rs64lO allelic frequencies in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA)and idiopathic hyperaldosteronism(IHA)were significantly different with those in controls (P<0.05).There was a relative excess of AA homozygotes and AG heterozygotes of rs6410 allele in APA group compared with control group(P<0.01).There were significantly different genotypes AA and AG of rs6410 allele between patients with IHA and controls only after adjusted for age,gender,eeptible haplotype AAAWT was identified to be significantly associated with APA(OR=1.44,95%CI 1.19-1.76).Three susceptible haplotypes AAAWT,AGGWT and AGAWC were identified to be significantly associated with IHA(OR=1.55,95%CI 1.23-1.96;OR=1.49,95%CI 1.17-1.89;OR=1.40,95%CI 1.04-1.88).In contrast,1 protective haplotype GGAWT showed significant difference between patients with APA and controls(OR=0.73,95%CI 0.55-0.97).Conclusion There is a significant association between genetic variations in CYP11B2 and CYP11B1 genes and genetie predisposition to PA.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 293-296, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395218

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a staged laparoscopic training program for performing the ana-tomic retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy(ARA), and to determine its safety and feasibility. Me-thods Five young urological doctors without previous experience in open adrenalectomy were selected third period, trainees acted as camera holder first, then performed simple operations such as laparo-scopic renal cyst unroofing. Finally, they performed 30 ARA independently under the mentor's super-vision. Pheochromocytoma was ruled out for its large tumor size and potential cardiovascular risk. The patient selection criteria were the same as those of the initial 30 cases performed by the tutor. Preope-rative data of the initial 30 ARA performed by each trainee and tutor which included gender, age, body mass index, tumor size, tumor location and pathological diagnosis of tumor were compared between trainees and the tutor. The intraoperative and postoperative data of 150 ARA in the trainees were compared with the initial 30 ARA of the tutor. These included mean operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, conversion rate, complication rate. Qualitative and quantitative data were compared between the groups using x2 and t test statistics methods by SPSS 12.0 for Windows, except operative time, which was from a nonnormal distribution. A P value less than 0.05 was consi-dered to be statistically significant. Results Preoperative data of the initial 30 ARA performed by each trainee were marched to those of the mentor (all P>0.05). All ARA were completed successful-ly. No procedure converted to open surgery. The median operative time of the trainees was 82 min (range 59-133 min), which was less than that of the tutor [132 min (range 73-230 min), P< 0.01]. And the trainees' learning curve was flatter than their tutor's. Estimated blood loss and length of hospital stay for the 5 trainees and the tutor were 62.2±22.0 ml, 4.8±1.3 d and 63.9±21.1 ml, 4.5±1.4 d respectively. There was no significant difference between these results (both P>0.05). No major complication was observed. Though the total perioperative complication rates were no diffe-rence between the trainees and their tutor (8.0% versus 13.3%, P>0.05), intraoperative minor complication rates of the trainees (1.3%) was less than that of the tutor (10.0%, P<0.05). Con-clusion The staged laparoscopic training is safe and feasible for young urological doctor to study in performing ARA.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 476-479, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393974

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the single needle running suture method for the urethrovesi-cal anastomosis during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy(LRP). Methods Forty-five patients of prostate cancer underwent LRP with the single needle running suture method. The technique was initi-ated by performing a fixing suture at the posterior lip of bladder neck at 4 o' clock and tying the first knot. Another suture at the nearby position of the first suture was performed to leave the first knot outside. From 5 o' clock to 8 o' clock, sutures were performed every one o' clock to secure posterior approximation, then every two o'clock a suture. To avoid a loose anastomosis, lock sutures were per-formed every 3 sutures. After completing the full circumference, the needle was drawn at the 2 o' clock for the second knot. The needle was always driven full-thickness outside-in in the bladder neck and inside-out on the urethra. Any remaining leakage could be closed with additional interrupted su-tures. Results All urethrovesical anastomosis were completed successfully. The mean anastomosis time was 16 rain(from 12 to 25 min), and mean operative time was 132 rain (112 to 185 rain). The mean catheterization time was 9 d(7 to 14 d). Three temporal urinary leaks requiring prolonged cathe-terization were identified. Forty-four patients had total urinary control in 1 year postoperatively and no other short-term or persistent complication was found with a mean follow-up of 21 months. Conclu- sion The single needle running suture method could be a simple and safe method for urethrovesical anastomosis during LRP.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 461-464, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393961

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop and evaluate a porcine model for laparoscopic ureterovesical reimplantation (LUR) training. Methods Ten female pigs with a mean weight of 30 kg were used and the animals were placed on supine position after anesthesia. One 10 mm port and two 5 mm ports were placed after the establishment of pneumoperitoneum. The horn of uterus was used as "ureter". A model simulating the performance of LUR was then established on the mini-pigs. Four trainees per-formed the LUR procedures on the animal models during an advanced laparoscopic urology training course, following the technique criteria exactly used in LUR. The learning curve was analyzed in terms of operation time. Results The porcine model for laparoscopic training was established suc-cessfully and 4 LUR trainings was performed on each porcine. Each trainee performed 10 LURs on the models during the training course. The operation time declined from 170±10 rain initially to 90±4 rain after the training course (P<0.01). At the end of this training, all trainees could accomplish a watertight LUR procedure on the model. Conclusions The establishment of the training model is feasible. The trainees could acquire skills needed to perform LUR in vivo based on this simple model and to develop dexterity and facility in laparoscopic manipulation of needles and sutures as well. The model provides a platform for basic techniques training of the ureteral reconstruction procedures.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634696

ABSTRACT

The single needle method for urethrovesical anastomosis with strengthened posterior fixation during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy was explored. The method was initiated by performing a fixing suture with a knot at 4 o'clock of the posterior lip of bladder neck, and another suture at nearby position was performed to leave the knot outside. From 5 o'clock to 8 o'clock, sutures were performed every one o'clock to secure posterior approximation, then every two o'clock a suture. To avoid a loose anastomosis, lock sutures were performed every 3 sutures. The needle was always driven full-thickness outside-in in the bladder neck and inside-out on the urethra. After completing the full circumference, the needle was drawn near the 4 o'clock and tied at the tail end. Any leakage could be closed with additional interrupted sutures. The clinical data of 89 patients who underwent this method were retrospectively compared with those of 23 patients who underwent the single knot method. The results showed that the anastomosis, operative and catheterization time was 17.6+/-4.7 min, 134.0+/-10.7 min and 6.5+1.6 days respectively. There were 3 temporal urinary leakages identified in 89 cases requiring prolonged catheterization. No urinary leak and anastomotic stricture was confirmed, and 95.2% patients had total urinary control. It was concluded that this method was simple and safe for urethrovesical anastomosis.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634644

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between the expression of RASSF1A protein and promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene, RASSF1A protein expression was measured by Western blotting in 10 specimens of normal bladder tissues and 23 specimens of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC). The promoter methylation in BTCC and normal bladder tissues was detected by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). The results showed that the expression level of RASSF1A protein was significantly lower in BTCC tissues than that in normal bladder tissues. However, it was not correlated with its clinical stages and pathological grades. The frequency of promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene was higher in BTCC tissues than that in normal bladder tissues. In 14 patients with the aberrant promoter methylation, 13 showed loss or low expression of RASSF1A protein. It is concluded that RASSF1A gene promoter methylation may contribute to the low level or loss of RASSF1A protein expression, the inactivation of RASSF1A gene and the genesis of BTCC. But, it may bear no correlation with its clinical stages and pathological grades.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , DNA Methylation , DNA Primers/chemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/biosynthesis , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism
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