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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 455-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990660

ABSTRACT

As precision and intelligent medicine takeing hold, the concept of minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer has evolved from simply pursuing the effect of surgical results to being more patient-centered, safer, less trauma, more efficient, and more in line with the spirit of the evidence-based decision-making comprehensive treatment model. The authors review the develop-ment and technical innovation of precise and intelligent surgery in recent years, and proposes the expanding direction of new paradigm of precise and intelligent minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer based on the work and achievements of team work. It is believed that in the future, advances in artificial intelligence, fluorescence imaging, surgical navigation, optical biopsy and other technolo-gies will bring new vitality to minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 414-418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of mixed reality technology in surgical conversation of laparoscopy radical resection of gastric cancer.Methods:The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. There were 80 family members of patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from June 2021 to December 2022 being selected as subjects. All patients underwent laparoscopic radical resection of gastric cancer. Based on random number table, all subjects were allocated into the control group and the experiment group. Subjects in the control group performed routine surgical conversation and subjects in the experiment group performed surgical conversation based on mixed reality technology. Observation indicators: (1) baseline data of the subjects; (2) anxiety assessment of the subjects. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and the independent sample t test was used for inter-group comparison. Repeated measurement data were analyzed using the repeated ANOVA. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results:(1) Baseline data of the subjects. A total of 80 subjects were selected for eligibility, including 40 subjects in the control group and 40 subjects in the experi-ment group. There were 44 males and 36 females, aged (40±9)years. The gender (male, female), age, education background (primary school education, middle school education, high school education, junior college education, undergraduate education, postgraduate education) were 23, 17, (39±9)years, 1, 3, 9, 16, 9, 2 in subjects of the control group, versus 25, 15, (42±10)years, 0, 8, 6, 11, 14, 1 in subjects of the experiment group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=0.20, t=?1.64, Z=?0.10, P>0.05). (2) Anxiety assessment of the subjects. The scores of self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Hospital Anxiety Scale (HADS) before surgical conversation, after surgical conversation, after surgery were 41±10 and 26±5, 49±11 and 32±3, 40±13 and 15±8 in subjects of the control group, versus 44±9 and 23±3, 66±16 and 28±6, 34±14 and 8±3 in subjects of the experiment group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( FSAS组间=8.83, FSAS时间=40.41, FSAS交互=12.21, FHADS组间=32.42, FHADS时间=321.28, FHADS交互=6.15, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with traditional surgical conversation, mixed reality technology based surgical conversation can relieve the postoperative conxiety of subjects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 326-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990644

ABSTRACT

With the 30 years' development of minimally invasive surgery, the field of gastric cancer surgery is undergoing a paradigm shift from traditional laparotomy to minimally invasive surgery. To chart new trends and directions in the development of gastric surgery, the author briefly reviews the latest advances, mainly focusing on new evidence, new techniques, new models, and new trends in the clinical research of gastric cancer surgery. The long-term non-inferiority outcomes of 5-year overall survival of minimally invasive surgery for locally advanced distal gastric cancer has been confirmed by the CLASS-01 and KLASS-02 trials. Upgrading and innovation of minimally invasive technology, function-preserving surgery, new modes of neoadjuvant therapy, and the application of new technologies are continuing to inject new vitality into minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 801-806, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness of short-term prehabilitation in elderly patients undergoing gastrointestinal tumor surgery.Methods:Elderly patients(139 cases) with gastrointestinal tumors who were admitted to Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University for surgery from December 2020 to January 2022 were included through the purposive sampling method, and were divided into the intervention group (69 cases) and the control group (70 cases) according to the patient's wishes using a quasi-experimental research design of non randomized grouped. Routine perioperative nursing was used in the control group, while the short-term prehabilitation was used in the intervention group in addition. The incidence of postoperative complications, the performance indicators, and postoperative functional recovery indicators were analyzed in the two groups.Results:The 6MWD in the intervention group of 1 day and 7 days after the surgery were (460.93 ± 76.36) m and (391.72 ± 72.93) m, which were significant higher than those in the control group, (423.69 ± 72.88) m and (351.13 ± 65.04) m ( t = 8.65, 12.01, both P<0.05). The first exhaust time, first postoperative ambulatory time, the first full fluid intake time and the duration of drainage tube indwelling in the intervention group were (51.28 ± 21.74) h, (33.93 ± 12.50) h, (69.39 ± 29.36) h and (4.30 ± 1.44) d, which were significant lower than those in the control group, (71.51 ± 23.68) h, (47.37 ± 14.58) h, (96.29 ± 38.36) h and (5.35 ± 2.09) d ( t values were -5.83 - -3.44, all P<0.05). Besides, the best critical value of preoperative 6MWD to predict postoperative rehabilitation effect was 477.5 m, with a sensitivity of 68% and specificity of 71%. Conclusions:Short-term prehabilitation improves the perioperative functional reserve and promotes overall functional recovery after surgery to a certain extent, and the postoperative functional recovery effect may be better when the patient′s preoperative 6MWD reaches 477.5 m.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 616-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on prognosis of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 242 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in 19 hospitals of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group-04 study, including 54 patients in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 32 patients in the First Hospital of Putian City, 32 patients in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 31 patients in Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 17 patients in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 11 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 8 patients in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, 8 patients in Meizhou People′s Hospital, 7 patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital, 6 patients in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 6 patients in Longyan First Hospital, 5 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 5 patients in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 4 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4 patients in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 4 patients in Beijing University Cancer Hospital, 3 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 3 patients in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 2 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, from September 2016 to October 2017 were collected. There were 193 males and 49 females, aged 62(range, 23?74)years. Observation indicators: (1) age distribution, comorbidities and ACCI status of patients; (2) the grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group; (3) incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications; (4) follow-up; (5) analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the nonparametric rank sum test. The X-Tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to analyze the best ACCI grouping threshold. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting postoperative early complications. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Multivariate analysis used stepwise regression to include variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis and variables clinically closely related to prognosis. Results:(1) Age distribution, comor-bidities and ACCI status of patients. Of the 242 patients, there were 28 cases with age <50 years, 68 cases with age of 50 to 59 years, 113 cases with age of 60 to 69 years, 33 cases with age of 70 to 79 years. There was 1 patient combined with mild liver disease, 1 patient combined with diabetes of end-organ damage, 2 patients combined with peripheral vascular diseases, 2 patients combined with peptic ulcer, 6 patients combined with congestive heart failure, 8 patients combined with chronic pulmonary diseases, 9 patients with diabetes without end-organ damage. The ACCI of 242 patients was 2 (range, 0-4). (2) The grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group. Results of X-Tile software analysis showed that ACCI=3 was the best grouping threshold. Of the 242 patients, 194 cases with ACCI <3 were set as the low ACCI group and 48 cases with ACCI ≥3 were set as the high ACCI group, respectively. Age, body mass index, cases with preoperative comorbidities, cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists classification as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, tumor diameter, cases with tumor histological type as signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and cases with tumor type as moderately or well differentiated adenocarcinoma, cases with tumor pathological T staging as stage T1, stage T2, stage T3, stage T4, chemotherapy cycles were (58±9)years, (22.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 31, 106, 85, 3, (4.0±1.9)cm, 104, 90, 16, 29, 72, 77, 6(4,6) in the low ACCI group, versus (70±4) years, (21.7±2.7)kg/m 2, 23, 14, 33, 1, (5.4±3.1)cm, 36, 12, 3, 4, 13, 28, 4(2,5) in the high ACCI group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=-14.37, 1.98, χ2=22.64, Z=-3.11, t=-2.91, χ2=7.22, Z=-2.21, -3.61, P<0.05). (3) Incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications. Of the 242 patients, 33 cases had postoperative early complications, including 20 cases with local complications and 16 cases with systemic complica-tions. Some patients had multiple complications at the same time. Of the 20 patients with local complications, 12 cases had abdominal infection, 7 cases had anastomotic leakage, 2 cases had incision infection, 2 cases had abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases had anastomotic hemorrhage and 1 case had lymphatic leakage. Of the 16 patients with systemic complications, 11 cases had pulmonary infection, 2 cases had arrhythmias, 2 cases had sepsis, 1 case had liver failure, 1 case had renal failure, 1 case had pulmonary embolism, 1 case had deep vein thrombosis, 1 case had urinary infection and 1 case had urine retention. Of the 33 cases with postoperative early complications, there were 3 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 22 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 5 cases with grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications and 1 case with grade Ⅳ complica-tions of Clavien-Dindo classification. Cases with postoperative early complications, cases with local complications, cases with systemic complications were 22, 13, 9 in the low ACCI group, versus 11, 7, 7 in the high ACCI group, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with postoperative early complications and cases with systemic complications between the two groups ( χ2=4.38, 4.66, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with local complications between the two groups ( χ2=2.20, P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI was a related factor for postoperative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ odds ratio=2.32, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.04-5.21, P<0.05]. (4) Follow-up. All the 242 patients were followed up for 36(range,1?46)months. During the follow-up, 53 patients died and 13 patients survived with tumor. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the 242 patients was 73.5%. The follow-up time, cases died and cases survived with tumor during follow-up, the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate were 36(range, 2-46)months, 29, 10, 80.0% for the low ACCI group, versus 35(range, 1-42)months, 24, 3, 47.4% for the high ACCI group. There was a significant difference in the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate between the two groups ( χ2=30.49, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative comorbidities, ACCI, tumor diameter, histological type, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, tumor pathological TNM staging, postoperative early complications were related factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.52, 3.64, 2.62, 0.47, 2.87, 1.90, 1.86, 21.77, 1.97, 95% CI as 1.52-4.17, 2.22-5.95, 1.54-4.46, 0.27-0.80, 1.76-4.70, 1.15-3.12, 1.10-3.14, 3.01-157.52, 1.11-3.50, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy were indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy ( HR=3.65, 11.00, 40.66, 0.39, 95% CI as 2.21-6.02, 1.40-86.73, 5.41-305.69, 0.22-0.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:ACCI is a related factor for post-operative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic radical gastrectomy. ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy are indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 362-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the 10-year outcome and prognostic factors of laparo-scopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods:The retrospec-tive cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 652 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who were admitted to 16 hospitals from the multicenter database of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery in the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (CLASS) Group, including 214 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, 191 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 52 cases in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 49 cases in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 43 cases in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 25 cases in Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, 14 cases in the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, 12 cases in No.989 Hospital of PLA, 12 cases in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 10 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 9 cases in the First People's Hospital of Foshan, 7 cases in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 7 cases in Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, 3 cases in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 2 cases in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2 cases in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, from February 2004 to December 2010 were collected. There were 442 males and 210 females, aged (57±12)years. All patients underwent laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative pathological examination; (3) postoperative recovery and complications; (4) follow-up; (5) prognostic factors analysis. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the tumor recurrence and metastasis, postoperative survival of patients up to March 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percen-tages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. The life table method was used to calculate survival rates and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were analyzed using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Surgical situations: among 652 patients, 617 cases underwent D 2 lymph node dissection and 35 cases underwent D 2+ lymph node dissection. There were 348 cases with Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis, 218 cases with Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis, 25 cases with Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 61 cases with other digestive tract reconstruction methods. Twelve patients had combined visceral resection. There were 569 patients with intraoperative blood transfusion and 83 cases without blood transfusion. The operation time of 652 patients was 187(155,240)minutes and volume of intraoperative blood loss was 100(50,150)mL. (2) Postoperative pathological examina-tion: the maximum diameter of tumor was (4.5±2.0)cm of 652 patients. The number of lymph node dissected of 652 patients was 26(19,35), in which the number of lymph node dissected was >15 of 570 cases and ≤15 of 82 cases. The number of metastatic lymph node was 4(1,9). The proximal tumor margin was (4.8±1.6)cm and the distal tumor margin was (4.5±1.5)cm. Among 652 patients, 255 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 334 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅲ-Ⅳ, and 63 cases had missing Borrmann classification data. The degree of tumor differentiation was high or medium in 171 cases, low or undifferentiated in 430 cases, and the tumor differentiation data was missing in 51 cases. There were 123, 253 and 276 cases in pathological stage T2, T3 and T4a, respectively. There were 116, 131, 214 and 191 cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2 and N3, respectively. There were 260 and 392 cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ, respectively. (3) Postoperative recovery and complications: the time to postoperative first out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to the initial liquid food intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of 652 patients were 3(2,4)days, 4(3,5)days, 5(4,6)days, 10(9,13)days, respectively. Among 652 patients, 69 cases had postoperative complications. Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, and grade Ⅳa complications occurred in 60, 3, 5 and 1 cases, respectively (some patients could have multiple complications). The duodenal stump leakage was the most common surgical complication, with the incidence of 3.07%(20/652). Respiratory complication was the most common systemic complication, with the incidence of 2.91%(19/652). All the 69 patients were recovered and discharged successfully after treatment. (4) Follow-up: 652 patients were followed up for 110-193 months, with a median follow-up time of 124 months. There were 298 cases with postoperative recurrence and metastasis. Of the 255 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, there were 21 cases with distant metastasis, 69 cases with peritoneal metastasis, 37 cases with local recurrence, 52 cases with multiple recurrence and metastasis, 76 cases with recurrence and metastasis at other locations. The above indicators were 5, 9, 10, 4, 15 of the 43 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. There was no significant difference in the type of recurrence and metastasis between them ( χ2=5.52, P>0.05). Cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 62 and 193 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 23 and 20 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological TNM staging between them ( χ2=15.36, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage T2, T3, T4a were 42, 95, 118 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 9, 21, 13 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing no significant difference in pathological T staging between them ( Z=-1.80, P>0.05). Further analysis showed no significant difference in cases in pathological stage T2 or T3 ( χ2=0.52, 2.08, P>0.05) but a significant difference in cases in pathological stage T4a between them ( χ2=3.84, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2, N3 were 19, 44, 85, 107 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 12, 5, 18, 8 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological N staging between them ( Z=-3.34, P<0.05). Further analysis showed significant differences in cases in pathological stage N0 and N3 ( χ2=16.52, 8.47, P<0.05) but no significant difference in cases in pathological stage N1 or N2 ( χ2=0.85, 1.18, P>0.05). The median overall survival time was 81 months after surgery and 10-year overall survival rate was 46.1% of 652 patients. The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 59.6% and 37.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=35.29, P<0.05). In further analysis, the 10-year overall survival rates of patients in pathological TNM stage ⅡA, ⅡB, ⅢA, ⅢB and ⅢC were 65.6%, 55.8%, 46.9%, 37.1% and 24.0%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=55.06, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage T2, T3 and T4a were 55.2%, 46.5% and 41.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=8.39, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage N0, N1, N2 and N3 were 63.7%, 56.2%, 48.5% and 26.4%, respectively, showing a signifi-cant difference between them ( χ2=54.89, P<0.05). (5) Prognostic factors analysis: results of univariate analysis showed that age, maximum diameter of tumor, degree of tumor differentiation as low or undifferentiated, pathological TNM staging, pathological T staging, pathological stage N2 or N3, post-operative chemotherapy were related factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.45, 1.64, 1.37, 2.05, 1.30, 1.68, 3.08, 0.56, 95% confidence interval as 1.15-1.84, 1.32-2.03, 1.05-1.77, 1.62-2.59, 1.05-1.61, 1.17-2.42, 2.15-4.41, 0.44-0.70, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ were independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.48,1.44, 1.81, 95% confidence interval as 1.19-1.84, 1.11-1.88, 1.42-2.30, P<0.05) and postoperative chemotherapy was a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survi-val rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrec-tomy ( hazard ratio=0.57, 95% confidence interval as 045-0.73, P<0.05). Conclusions:Laparoscopic assisted D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer has satisfactory 10-year oncologic outcomes. A high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅲ, pathological stage T4a, pathological stage N3 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, whereas a high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ or pathological stage N0 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. Maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ are independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Postoperative chemotherapy is a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 327-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930941

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the common digestive tract malignant tumors. Locally advanced gastric cancer has a large tumor load, mostly small metastatic lesions, and a high risk of recurrence. The comprehensive treatment strategy of "radical operation with D 2 lymph node dissec-tion and perioperative treatment" has gradually become the standard treatment mode for locally advanced gastric cancer. In recent years, there have been breakthroughs in perioperative treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer by radiotherapy, targeted therapy and especially immunotherapy. In this article, the authors analyze the research progress of perioperative treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer at home and abroad, systematically describe the current status and prospect of perioperative treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 99-105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Overlap guiding tube (OGT) in Overlap esophagojejunostomy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from June to July in 2021 were collected. There were 3 males and 2 females, aged from 48 to 61 years, with a median age of 54 years. Patients underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with OGT-assisted Overlap esophagojejunostomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomotic stenosis and esophageal reflux up to September 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(IQR) or M(range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations: 5 patients underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with OGT-assisted Overlap esophagojejunostomy and D 2 lymph node dissection success-fully, achieving R 0 resection. There was no combined organ resection, intraoperative conversion to laparotomy or combined thoracotomy. There was no intraoperative conversion to other esophagoje-junostomy method either. The tumor diameter, length of surgical incision, the number of lymph nodes dissected, time of esophagojejunal anastomosis, time of digestive reconstruction, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss of 5 patients were 3.0(2.8)cm, 5.0(2.0)cm, 47.0(21.0), 21.0(5.0)minutes, 62.0(23.0)minutes, 295.0(75.0)minutes, and 50.0(60.0)mL, respectively. The anvil fork of linear stapler was successfully inserted into esophageal lumen by once operation in 4 cases of 5 patients and by twice operation in 1 case to complete the esophagojejunostomy. (2) Post-operative situations: the time to first out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first anal flatus, time to postoperative initial liquid diet intake, time to postoperative initial semi-liquid diet intake, time to abdominal drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay of 5 patients were 2.0(1.0)days, 3.0(2.0)days, 4.0(3.0)days, 6.0(3.0)days, 7.0(4.0)days, and 9.0(6.0)days, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adenocar-cinoma in all the 5 patients, with the TNM staging as stage pT2-4aN0M0. The esophageal surgical margin was negative in all cases, and the length of proximal margin from esophagus was 5.0(4.0)cm. None of the 5 patients developed anastomotic leakage, anastomotic bleeding or anastomotic stenosis. Two cases with mild pneumonia (Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ) were cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and expectoration promotion. There was no unplanned secondary surgery or perioperative death occurred to the 5 patients. (3) Follow-up: 5 patients were followed up for 3 months. None of the 5 patients developed anastomotic stenosis or esophageal reflux during the follow-up. Conclusion:OGT-assisted Overlap esophagojejunostomy of laparoscopic total gas-trectomy is safe and feasible, with good short-term effects.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 504-511, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the interim clinical efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in elderly patients.Methods:The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 102 patients aged ≥65 years who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from September 2014 to May 2018 were collected. After excluding 6 patients, 96 patients were finally included. Based on random number table, patients were allocated into two groups. Patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and patients undergoing open distal gastrectomy were allocated into open group, respectively. Obser-vation indicators: (1) grouping situations of the enrolled patients; (2) intraoperative situations; (3) postoperative situations; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect complications in the postoperative 30 days up to July 2018. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the non-parameter Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Grouping situations of the enrolled patients: a total of 96 patients were selected for eligibility. There were 66 males and 30 females, aged from 65 to 85 years, with a median age of 69 years. There were 49 of 96 patients in the laparoscopic group and 47 patients in the open group. (2) Intraoperative situations: patients in the two groups underwent distal gastrectomy successfully with D 2 lymphadenectomy, without intra-operative conversion to laparotomy. The volume of intraoperative blood loss and surgical incision length were 50 mL(50 mL,100 mL) and (7.1±1.7)cm for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 100 mL(100 mL,200 mL) and (19.1±1.7)cm for the open group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?3.779, t=?34.880, P<0.05) . (3) Postoperative situations: the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative initial out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake, time to postoperative first semi-liquid food intake, time to drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 49(35,62), 1.9 days(1.3 days,2.9 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.4 days(2.7days,4.0 days), 5.9 days(4.7 days,7.7 days), 4.9 days(3.5 days,6.8 days), 7.7 days(6.7 days,8.9 days) for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 40(27,51), 2.5 days (1.8 days,3.3 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.9 days(2.9 days,5.7 days), 4.9 days(3.9 days, 5.9 days), 6.3 days(4.7 days,8.9 days), 8.7 days(6.9 days,11.7 days), showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?2.354, ?2.210, ?2.743, ?2.474, ?2.906, ?2.503, ?2.359, P<0.05). (4) Follow-up: patients in the two groups received 30 days of follow-up. During the follow-up, 8 patients in the laparoscopic group had postoperative complications, including 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 7 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and no patient with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. Thirteen patients in the open group had postoperative complications, including 2 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 10 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=1.135, 1.973, 1.054, P>0.05). The overall complication rate was 16.3%(8/49) and 27.7%(13/47) for the laparoscopic group and open group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.803, 99.7% confidence interval as ?∞ to 2.4%, P>0.05). The upper limit of 99.7% confidence interval was less than non-inferiority level of 15%, interim analysis of which showed that the complication rate of the laparoscopic group was non-inferior to the open group. Conclusion:For elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic or open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, laparoscopic surgery does not increase intraoperative or postoperative complications, and has advantages of minimally invasiveness, fine operation, quicker recovery, and shorter hospital stay. Registry: this study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov in United States, with the registry number of NCT02246153.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 67-77, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878543

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important organelle where folding and post-translational modification of secretory and transmembrane proteins take place. During virus infection, cellular or viral unfolded and misfolded proteins accumulate in the ER in an event called ER stress. To maintain the equilibrium homeostasis of the ER, signal-transduction pathways, known as unfolded protein response (UPR), are activated. The viruses in turn manipulate UPR to maintain an environment favorable for virus survival and replication. Herpesviruses are enveloped DNA viruses that produce over 70 viral proteins. Modification and maturation of large quantities of viral glycosylated envelope proteins during virus replication may induce ER stress, while ER stress play both positive and negative roles in virus infection. Here we summarize the research progress of crosstalk between herpesvirus infection and the virus-induced ER stress.


Subject(s)
Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Herpesviridae , Signal Transduction , Unfolded Protein Response
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 129-133, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799563

ABSTRACT

Clinical research is a form of scientific study, whose subjects focus on patients. Its main contents include the etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis related to their disease. Its working place is mainly in medical service and institutes. It is organized and conducted jointly by clinical doctors, epidemiologists, statisticians and multidisciplinary experts. Surgical clinical research, different from studies on pharmaceuticals, has inherent limitations, such as difficulties in establishing standardized intervention, designing rigorous control group, achieving real blinded randomization, or setting unified standards for multicenter practice. To overcome these obstacles, the following points should be considered before initiating: (1) clinical problems based on scientific rationale and the principle of "population-intervention-comparison-outcome" (PICO) should be raised. (2) research methods are applied normatively, and "idea, development, exploration, assessment, long-term follow up" (IDEAL) methodology published in Lancet 2009 is recommended for assessment of new surgical techniques. (3) professional research team is built up to accomplish protocol design, study execution, and efficient follow-up collaboratively and successfully. (4) authenticity of clinical data is ensured, and acquisition and verification of data are standardized. Aiming at clinical problems of laparoscopic gastric cancer, Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group (CLASS) established in 2009 has initiated a series of CLASS studies and has led to the rapid development of domestic surgical clinical researches on laparoscopic surgery of gastric cancer like a great fire initiated by spark kindles. Herein, based on the experience of CLASS studies, this review summarizes the difficulties and countermeasures of surgical clinical research, so as to humbly share some experience of our team with fellows and colleagues.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 22-26, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774431

ABSTRACT

Construction of research-based surgery department includes standardizing surgical practices, collecting and analyzing clinical data, discovering problems in clinical practices, designing and conducting reliable and high-level clinical research, improving and innovating surgical technologies according to research conclusions, working out technical specifications and promoting them through clinical education, and creating new clinical research needs arised by innovative and cutting-edge technologies and theories. By integrating technology, research, standardization, promotion and evaluation, and making close connections between different parts of clinical practices, scientific research and clinical teaching, it helps achieve coordinated development of surgical practices and translational research, and will finally promote the cultivation of medical talents and the progress of medical technologies. Since 2010, the General Surgery Department of Nanfang Hospital has established the basic idea of subject construction of "research-oriented surgery with data as the core, minimally invasive surgery with laparoscopic as the characteristic, and specialized surgery with high-efficiency service as the guidance", and has taken a series of measures to build it into a well-known research-based gastrointestinal surgery in China. The achievements of this speciaty have emerged from nothing, research platforms from few to many, the talent echelon from following to leading, and the influence from regional to international. The discipline construction has achieved a leap from quantitative to qualitative changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Research , Reference Standards , China , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Reference Standards , Gastrointestinal Diseases , General Surgery , Hospitals , Reference Standards , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Reference Standards , Program Development , Surgery Department, Hospital , Reference Standards
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 35-42, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the short-term efficacy and cosmetic effect of dual-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (DPLDG) for gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Thirty consecutive patients underwent DPLDG at the Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital from November 2016 to August 2018.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1) age of 18 to 75 years; (2) primary gastric adenocarcinoma confirmed pathologically by endoscopic biopsy; (3) tumor located at middle-low stomach and planned for distal gastrectomy; (4) cT1b-2N0-1M0 at preoperative staging; (5) tumor diameter ≤3 cm; (6) US Eastern Cancer Cooperative Group(ECOG) score 0 to 1 points; (7) American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I to II; (8) perioperative management based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) principle.@*EXCLUSION CRITERIA@#previous upper abdominal surgery (except laparoscopic cholecystectomy), history of other malignant disease, and body mass index ≥30 kg/m². A self-developed single-incision, multiport, laparoscopic surgery Trocar (Surgaid Medical, Xiamen, China, comprising 3 channels for observation, main surgeon and assistant surgeon) was placed through a 3-4 cm incision under or at the left side of the umbilicus. An additional 5 mm Trocar was inserted under the rib margin of the right clavicle to serve as the secondary operating hole and the position of the drainage tube. The liver was suspended to expose the surgical field clearly. Surgical procedure was as follows: conventional laparoscopic instruments were used. After entering the omental sac, dissection was performed along the transverse colon to the spleen flexure. Left gastroepiploic vessels were identified and then ligated at the root. No.4sb lymph nodes were dissected. The No.4d lymph nodes were dissected along the greater curvature of the stomach. Then the dissection was continued rightward to the hepatic flexure to separate mesogastrium and mesocolon. The right gastroepiploic artery was ligated at the root to allow the removal of No.6 lymph nodes. The duodenal bulb was transacted by liner stapler, the right gastric artery was ligated at the root and the No.5 lymph nodes were removed. Peritoneal trunk, common hepatic artery, splenic artery and left gastric artery and vein in posterior pancreatic space at upper pancreas were separated, then left gastric vessels were ligated, and No.9, No.8a, No.11p and No.7 lymph nodes were dissected. The left side wall of portal vein was exposed and No.12a lymph nodes were removed. No.1 and No.3 lymph nodes were dissected along the lesser curvature. The stomach corpus was transacted by liner stapler at 4-5 cm proximal end of the tumor. Roux-en-Y anastomosis or Billroth II anastomosis was performed in the cavity. A drainage tube was placed near the gastrojejunal anastomosis through the right upper abdomen secondary operating hole. Postoperative short-term efficacy (operation time, blood loss, 5-port conversion rate, open conversion rate, number of retrieved lymph nodes, time to postoperative first flatus, time to first soft diet intake, time to removal of drainage tube, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative analgesics use, and postoperative 30-day complication rate) and cosmetic scale (questionnaire: degree of satisfaction with scar, description of scar, grade of scar; total score ranged from the lowest 3 to the highest 24; the higher the better) were evaluated in all 30 patients.@*RESULTS@#No serious complication and death were observed intraoperatively. The mean operative time was (197.8±46.9) minutes. The median blood loss was 30 ml (quartile 31.25 ml). The mean number of retrieved lymph node was 38.7±14.1. Five-port conversion rate was 3.3% (1/30), and no open conversion occurred. Mean time to postoperative first flatus, time to first soft diet intake, time to removal of drainage tube and postoperative hospital stay were (45.3±18.9) hours, (87.6±35.6) hours, (101.8±58.0) hours and (6.1±2.1) days, respectively. Twenty-four (80%) of patients had no additional analgesics use. The postoperative complication rate within 30 days was 16.7% (5/30). Postoperative overall cosmetic score was 22.1±1.3, and cosmetic score of 96.7%(29/30) of patients was 18 to 24.@*CONCLUSION@#DPLDG is safe and feasible with advantages of faster postoperative recovery, reducing pain and better cosmetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , General Surgery , China , Feasibility Studies , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Laparoscopy , Methods , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 423-425, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752957

ABSTRACT

After more than 20 years of development,laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery has made considerable progress.Laparoscopic surgery for early gastric cancer has been recommended by the guidelines for routine clinical application.The preliminary results of clinical research on laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastric cancer are encouraging.However,as far as surgical technology is concerned,it has matured and reached a high plateau stage.The benefit of patients brought by the improvement of surgical technology has become a bottleneck,and it is difficult to be improved any more.In order to realize the leapfrog development of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery,it is urgent to introduce the high-tech cutting-edge technology,make rational use of "black science and technology" and strengthen cross-domain collaboration,which are the key to break through the bottleneck of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery technology development,as well as the new trend of minimally invasive surgery development in the future.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3216-3220, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for simultaneous determination of 10 isoflavones in Belamcanda chinensis, and to evaluate the differences of active ingredient content of B. chinensis from different areas. METHODS: UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.5 % methyl-β-cyclodextrin and 0.1% phosphate as water phase, acetonitrile as organic phase (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was set at 265 nm. The sample size was 2 μL, and analysis time was 20 min. The contents of 10 isoflavones in 26 samples from 8 provinces, including tectoridin, iristectorin A, iristectorin B, iridin, tectorigenin, iristectorigenin B, iristectorigenin A, irigenin, irisflorentin, dichotomitin, were determined. RESULTS: The linear ranges of tectoridin, iristectorin A, iristectorin B, iridin, tectorigenin, iristectorigenin B, iristectorigenin A, irigenin, irisflorentin, dichotomitin were 8.569 5-342.78, 0.643-25.72, 1.119 8-44.79, 2.187 8-87.51, 0.770 3-30.81, 0.421 3- 16.85, 0.288 5-11.54, 1.795 3-71.81, 0.560 8-22.43, 0.086-3.44 μg/mL(all r≥0.999 6). The limits of quantitation were 0.015, 0.102, 0.096, 0.013, 0.036, 0.088, 0.102, 0.019, 0.067, 0.092 μg/mL. RSDs of precision, stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were lower than 2.00% (n=6). The recoveries ranged 95.30%-103.30% (all RSD≤2.33%, n=6). Among 26 samples of B. chinensis, the content of tectoridin was the highest (3.66%-57.79%), and the content of dichotomitin was the lowest (0.09%- 0.59%), the contents of irisflorentin were 0.29-2.80 mg/g. The contents of isoflavones in B. chinensis from different areas were different greatly.  CONCLUSIONS: The established method is sensitive, with short analysis time and good repeatability, and can be used to determine the content of 10 isoflavones and evaluate the content difference of each component.

16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 796-800, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810858

ABSTRACT

The insufficiency of the examined number of lymph nodes after surgery for gastric cancer may undermine the stage of lymph node metastasis, which would have a significant impact on prognostic evaluation and strategy formulation of adjuvant therapy. Under the premise of standard D2 lymphadenectomy, the number of harvested lymph nodes is mainly dependent on the procedures of lymph node examination. Since 2013, our center has set up a special lymph node examination team. In the same year, the average number of harvested lymph nodes in each sample was 46, which was significantly higher than before (average 18 nodes/case in 2004-2012). After continuous quality improvement and regular quality control in 2014, average number of retrieved lymph nodes was 64 per specimen. Therefore, this paper summarizes the methods and experience of lymph node examination in gastric cancer specimens of general surgery in Southern Hospital. The overall construction of the lymph node examination team of gastric cancer in our center mainly includes three parts: establishment of a specialized lymph node examination team, effective standard operating procedures (SOP), and long-term and sustained quality control. The specialized lymph node examination team consists of postgraduate students who are not involved in surgery but have been trained by surgeons. Standard procedures include theoretical reserve of gastric anatomy, surgical observation to correspond to specimens in vitro and in vivo, and standardized specimen processing procedures. Long-term and sustained quality control requires periodic report of lymph node examination data and continuous feedback optimization of the process. Intraoperative lymph node tracing navigation and specimen lymph node intensification are carried out with nanocarbon and indocyanine green dye staining, and then lymph nodes are harvested based on the traditional methods, which can improve the examination rate of lymph nodes, especially for small lymph nodes. Research on lymph node tracing methods, requires multidisciplinary cooperation in particular, will become a hot topic.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 955-960, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796948

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence of intraoperative vascular injury (IVI) and associated anatomical features during laparoscopy - assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer.@*Methods@#A descriptive cohort study was performed. Clinical data and operational videos of 278 consecutive gastric cancer patients who underwent LADG with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer at Department of General Surgery of Nanfang Hospital between January 2010 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. IVI and vascular anatomy during lymphadenectomy were observed and recorded in the following four scenes: scene I: No. 4sb and No.4d of lower left (tail of pancreas) area; scene II: No.6 of lower right (subpyloric) area; scene III: No.5 and No.12a of upper right (suprapyloric) area; scene IV: No. 7, No. 8a, No. 9, No. 11p of central area posterior to the gastric body. IVI was defined as the injury of main perigastric vessel requiring additional procedure for hemostasis such as electrocauterization, gauze compression, clipping or suture.@*Results@#Among 278 patients, 125 (45.0%) had IVI. Two cases of IVI required conversion to open operation and the injuried vascular was left gastric artery (LGA) and right gastric artery (RGA), respectively. Higher incidence of IVI was found in scene II (92/278, 33.1%) and scene IV(39/278, 14.0%). More common IVI was observed in right gastroepiploic vein (RGeV, 57/278, 20.5%) and left gastric vein (LGV, 33/278, 11.9%). The right gastroepiploic vessels were observed in all 278 patients, including 3 (1.1%) cases with 2 RGeVs, and 2 cases with 2 right gastroepiploic arteries (RGeA). RGA was observed clearly in 265 (95.3%) patients, whose ramification pattern was as follows: from proper hepatic artery (PHA, 223/265, 84.2%), from gastroduodenal artery (GDA, 16/265, 6.0%), from left hepatic artery (LHA, 12/265,4.5%), from the crossing of PHA and GDA (8/265, 3.0%), and 6 (2.3%) patients with 2 RGAs simultaneously from PHA and GDA, respectively. The most common injury of RGA (4/12) occurred in LHA. Excluding 2 cases of conversion to open surgery due to intraoperative hemorrhage, among 276 patients, LGV was observed in 270 patients (97.1%), whose drainage pattern was as follows: into the portal vein (PV, 148/270, 54.8%), into the spleen vein (SV, 56/270, 20.7%), into the junction of these two veins (52/270, 19.3%), into left portal vein (LPV, 8/270, 3.0%), meanwhile 6 patients had 2 LGVs simultaneously, including LGVs of 5 cases into PV and SV, and of 1 case into PV-SV junction and SV. The most common IVI was found in those patients with two LGVs (4/6).@*Conclusions@#IVI during LADG with D2 lymphadenectomy is common. The highest risk of IVI is found in scene II and scene IV. Attentions should be paid to anatomic variation of vessels, especially the RGeV, LGV and RGA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 126-131, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338399

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic surgery has its unique minimally invasive advantages, however, taking the complex and difficult D2 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer into consideration, laparoscopic gastrectomy was only applied in the treatment of early gastric cancer at its preliminary stage. With the development of more than a decade, many multicenter clinical data have confirmed the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. Based on high-quality evidence-based medicine evidence, laparoscopic gastrectomy has been recommended as an optional treatment for stage I( gastric cancer by the Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines 2014(ver.4). However, the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer remains controversial due to the lack of high-level evidence-based clinical evidence. Currently, China, Japan and South Korea are trying to clarify its safety and effectiveness by conducting well-designed multicenter prospective randomized controlled trials. To date, CLASS-01 trial in China, whose secondary endpoint indicated that laparoscopic gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for advanced gastric cancer can be safely performed by experienced surgeons, has provided the highest level evidence for the controversy in the world. At ASCO 2016, the safety reports from Korea's KLASS-02 trial also presented the similar conclusion. The long-term oncologic outcomes of the both researches were particularly promising. Retrospecting the whole development of gastric cancer surgery, it is not difficult to find that its mainstream direction is gradually shifted from "extended and standardized surgical resection" to "individual and precise surgery" for the safety and postoperative quality of life. The new concept of minimally invasive surgery built on laparoscopic surgery emphasizes more than shortening the surgical incision, but minimizing tissue trauma and maximizing functional preservation. On the ground of this new minimally invasive concept, surgeons have appreciated to select the most rational treatment for an individual patient. Thus, techniques focusing on further assisting laparoscopic gastrectomy with reducing trauma and preserving function, such as sentinel node navigation surgery and related fluorescence molecular imaging techniques, are increasingly being applied in gastric cancer surgery. At present, a series of researches about the feasibility of sentinel node navigation surgery and function preserving surgery associated with gastric cancer surgery are actively conducted or prepared. Results of these researches may further promote the development of laparoscopic gastrectomy and achieve the qualitative change in minimally invasive surgery in the new era.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 550-554, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699159

ABSTRACT

The esophagojejunostomy is a key and difficult point in laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG),it mainly uses circular stapler and Endo-cutter.The circular stapler includes trans-orally inserted anvil (OrVilTM),purstring instrument,manual anastomosis,anti-puncture placement,etc;The Endo-cutter includes esophagus-jejunum side-to-side anastomosis and overlap side-to-side anastomosis.There are their respective advantages and limitations in the various esophagojejunostomy,no standard is recommended.When it comes to security,overlap side-to-side anastomosis is better for patients with non-upper gastric cancer,and OrVilTM really has a leading-edge advantage compared with other anastomoses and may be used for patients with upper gastric cancer who cannot undergo linear anastomosis.The above anastomosis methods need to be proved by the high-quality,large-sample randomized controlled clinical studies.

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 887-895, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691301

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of intracorporeal Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy via the transoral anvil(OrVil) by mini-laparotomy anastomosis during laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2010 to December 2016, 414 consecutive gastric adenocarcinoma patients underwent either intracorporeal Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy (n=43) via the OrVil or extracorporeal circular anastomosis (n=371) via auxiliary incision during LTG. After generating propensity scores with six covariates, including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), neoadjuvant chemotherapy, tumor location, and tumor size, 43 patients undergoing OrVil method (OrVil group) were matched with 43 patients undergoing extracorporeal circular anastomosis approach (extracorporeal anastomosis group). Operation-associated parameters and safety were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both groups were balanced regarding baseline variables (all P > 0.05). The total operative time [(235.6±49.8) minutes vs. (221.1±46.5) minutes, t=1.397, P=0.166] and anvil insertion time [(10.0±3.2) minutes vs. (10.6±4.5) minutes, t=-0.671, P=0.504] were not significantly different between the two group, whereas the duration of reconstruction and the mean length of minilaparotomy [(48.3±12.0) minutes vs. (55.9±12.3) minutes, t=-2.899, P=0.005; (5.6±0.6) cm vs. (8.1±2.2) cm, t=-7.118, P=0.001] in the OrVil group were significantly shorter. The number of retrieved lymph nodes, mean blood loss and proximal resection margin were not significantly different between two groups (all P > 0.05). As a whole, OrVil group had advantages over extracorporeal anastomosis group during the postoperative recovery course. The time to liquid intake [(3.7±1.8) days vs. (6.2±7.2) days, t=-2.236, P=0.030], time to fluid diet [(4.8±2.3) days vs. (7.2±7.1) days, t=-2.013, P=0.048], and time to semi-fluid diet [(6.7±2.9) days vs. (10.2±9.6) days, t=-2.245, P=0.029] were significantly shorter in the OrVil group. The first ambulatory time, time to first flatus and length of hospital stay were not significantly different between two groups(all P>0.05). The morbidity of intraoperative complication [7.0%(3/43) vs. 4.7%(2/43), χ²=0.000, P=1.000] and postoperative complication [30.2%(13/43) vs. 20.9%(9/43), χ²=1.484, P=0.223], and even the distribution of severity (χ²=0.013, P=0.990) between the two groups were not significantly different. The incidence of anastomotic leakage (AL) was 9.3% (4/43) and 18.6% (8/43) in the OrVil group and extracorporeal anastomosis group respectively without significant difference (χ²=1.550, P=0.213). Multivariate analysis showed that the OrVil anastomosis was not a risk factor of AL(HR=0.663, 95%CI:0.120-3.674, P=0.638).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy using the OrVil system is more minimally invasive and convenient to operate without increasing the risk of operation-related complication. Thus it may be a potential safe approach to optimize the reconstruction for LTG.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical , Gastrectomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
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