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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 90-95, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To eval uate the effectiveness ,safety and economy of deferasir ox for the treatment of iron overload in thalassemia with rapid health technology assessment ,and to provide evidence-based basis for rational clinical use. METHODS Retrieved from Chinese and English database/website as PubMed ,Embase,Cochrane Library ,NHS EED ,CADTH,CNKI and Wanfang database ,health technology assessment (HTA),systematic evaluation/meta-analysis and pharmacological studies about deferasirox versus deferoxamine/deferiprone for the treatment of iron overload in thalassemia were collected from the inception to June 2021. Based on literature screening and data extraction ,the quality of literature about HTA reports ,systematic evaluation/ Meta-analysis and pharmacoeconomic research were evaluated with HTA checklist ,A Measurement Tool to As sess Systematic Reviews,standard scale of economic evaluation report. The effectiveness and safety results were described quantitatively ,and the economic evaluation results were described qualitatively. RESULTS One HTA report ,five systematic evaluation/meta-analysis and five pharmacoeconomic studies were selected from 1 569 literature. Included HTA reports , systematic evaluation/meta-analysis,pharmacoeconomic studies were high in quality. Most studies reported that 30 mg/(kg·d) deferasirox was E-mail:aydgs@126.com better than deferoxamine in reducing the levels of s erum ferritin and liver iron overload ;ADR induced by deferasirox were mainly gastrointestinal irritation symptoms ,skin itching ,joint pain,transaminase elevation ,etc.,which generally did not affect subsequent treatment. There was no statistical significance in severe ADR between deferoxamine group and deferasirox group [RR =0.96,95%CI(0.85,1.08),P=0.52]. Compared with deferoxamine,deferasirox had higher cost-effectiveness ;but deferasirox was less likely to be cost-effective than deferiprone. CONCLUSIONS Deferasirox has good effectiveness and safety for iron overload in thalassemia ,and has good economic advantages in Britain and Iran ,compared with deferoxamine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 699-703, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847852

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation for treating spinal cord injury is an issue of concern, which mainly explores the changes of microenvironment after spinal cord injury. However, the effect of olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation on the ultrastructure of spinal cord after spinal cord injury is never reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ultrastructure alterations of neurocytes, axons, myelin sheaths, synapses, and glial scar after spinal cord Injury, and the effect of olfactory ensheathlng cell transplantation on the protection and regeneration of nerve repair after spinal cord Injury. METHODS: The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Biomedicine of Medical Department of Xi’an Jiaotong University, approval No. 2018-2048. Twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: Blank control group (n=4, complete laminectomy of T10, partial laminectomy of Tg and Tn), DF12 group (n=B, cordotomy+injection of DF12 solution), and olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation group (n=8, cordotomy+olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation). The spinal cord was removed under anesthesia to observe the ultrastructure alterations of neurocytes under transmission electron microscope at 1, 7, 28 and 56 days after injury. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Compared with the blank control group, the organelles in the neurons of the injured lesions were significantly reduced, and the obvious changes were found in the ultrastructure of axon, synapses and myelin sheath in the DF12 group. In the olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation group, the organelles in the neurons of the injured lesions were significantly increased with obvious nucleolus, the regeneration of axon, myelin sheath and synapses were significantly promoted, and the glial scar was significantly decreased. (2) The degree of reaction of the astrocytes and pericytes in the olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation group was light. (3) These findings suggest that olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation can effectively protect the nerve tissues in the lesions after spinal cord injury, promote the regeneration of axon, myelin sheath and synapses, and inhibit the hyperplasia of astrocytes and pericytes, so that the post-injury microenvironment is available for the regeneration of neurons, axons and synapses.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3490-3493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the decoction of isoflavone content and its acid hydrolysis conversion rate in the flower of Pueraria lobata. METHODS:Using the flowers of Pueraria lobata as raw material,the isoflavone with main com-ponent of tectoridin in the flower of P. lobata was prepared with ethanol,ethyl acetate extracted,ethanol recrystallized and puri-fied,and it was converted to tectorigenin with hydrolysis in hydrochloric acid. By screening the solvent and wavelength,UV spec-trophotometry was established to determine tectovidin and tectorigenin,and calculate the isoflavone content and acid hydrolysis con-version rate of tectoridin(expressed by the relative percentage of tectorigenin). It was compared with HPLC detection results,the accuracy of UV method was evaluated. RESULTS:The solvent was 70%ethanol solution containing 1%triethylamine,and the iso-flavone content was detected at wavelength of 339,274 nm. The linear range of tectoridin was 8.80-29.33 nmol/mL(r=0.9999). RSDs of precision(n=6),stability(n=5)and reproducibility(n=6)tests were lower than 1.94%;average recovery was 99.7%(RSD=1.77%,n=9). There were no statistical significances in the contents of total flavonoids (UV:17.64-25.55 nmol/mL vs. HPLC:17.39-24.40 nmol/mL) and the relative percentage of tectorigenin (UV:57.65%-87.59% vs. HPLC:55.62%-91.14%). CONCLUSIONS:The established method is accurate,reliable,and can be used for the rapid determination of acid hydrolysis con-version rate of tectoridin.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 427-428,431, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621520

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term effects of glucocorticoid therapy on patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia using high resolution CT semi quantitative scores. Methods According to the different HRCT scores will be January 2015 -2017 year in January in our hospital for diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients with 60 cases of groups: control group with HRCT score < 20%, the observation group with HRCT score more than 20%; the patients in the two groups of experimental data were recorded in detail and analyzed and discussed the high resolution CT semi quantitative score judgment of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients treated with glucocorticoid efficacy. Results The observation group (HRCT score≥20%) accuracy is higher than that of the control group (HRCT score<20%), the difference between groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The treatment of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia in patients with glucocorticoid selection of high resolution CT;semi quantitative score to determine significant short-term effect, HRCT score of the best critical value was 20%, the diagnostic accordance rate can obtain excellent.

5.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 688-690, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479145

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anti-asthma mechanism of water extract of Portulaca oleracea L( WEPO) related toβand M receptors.Methods Rabbits of 2.0 -2.5 kg were selected,whose isolated tracheal rings were prepared.The effect of WEPO on tracheal smooth muscle tension was evaluated using tracheal smooth muscle contraction frequency and contraction amplitude as indexes.Aminophylline( Ami) was used as a positive control medicine and propranolol( Pro) as theβreceptor blocking agent to observe the relaxation effect on tracheal smooth muscle of WEPO related to βreceptors. Acetylcholine chloride( AChCl) was used as the agonist for M receptors and atronine( Atr) as the M receptor blocking agent to observe the relaxation effect on tracheal smooth muscle of WEPO related to M receptors.Results ①The contraction frequency and amplitude of isolated tracheal smooth muscle in each dose group of WEPO were significantly lower after treatment.The difference was statistically significant(P 0.05 ) .⑤These indexes in Atr+WEPO group were not different those in WEPO group ( P >0.05 ) .Conclusion WEPO has relaxation effect on isolated tracheal smooth muscle of rabbits,which is related toβreceptors rather than M receptors.

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 890-892, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458741

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of insulin combined with oral hypoglycemic agents on cognitive function of patients with Alzheimer′s disease(AD) and diabetes mellitus(DM).Methods We retrospectively reviewed 135 cases of AD patients with type2 DM(T2DM) admitted to our hospital between March 2011 and March 2013. According to drug use , they were randomly divided into two groups , oral hypoglycemic drug group ( group A, 65 cases ) and insulin combined with oral hypoglycemic drug group (group B,70 cases).After 12 months of follow-up, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score by Folstein et al and Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) were used to assess their cognitive function .Results After 12 months of treatment , the MMSE score decreased significantly in group A ( P=0.000), but not in group B(P=0.281).Also, CGI-C scores showed significant deterioration for all domains after 12 months in group A vs group B(P=0.001).Conclusion Insulin therapy can effectively slow down the decline of cognitive function in patients with AD .

7.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1496-1498, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the determination of four kinds of isoflavone compounds including daid-zin, tectoridin, daidzein and tectorigenin in the extracts of Pueraria lobata flowers. Methods:The separation was performed on an Agi-lent C18 column(250 mm × 4. 6 mm, 5 μm) using a mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-water(2∶1∶2). The flow rate was 1. 0 ml· min-1 ,and the detection wavelength was 264nm. The column temperature was 25℃ and the sample size was 20 μl. Results:The de-tection could be accomplished within 10 minutes with good separation and specificity of four isoflavone compounds with the retention timeof3.4,3.8,5.7and7.2min,respectively. Thelinearrangewas0.784-78.440 μg·ml-1(daidzin),2.000-200.000 μg· ml-1(tectoridin) and 0.800-80.020 μg·ml-1 (daidzein and tectorigenin),and the relative coefficient was 0.999 9, 0.999 8, 0. 999 7 and 0. 999 9, respectively. The average recovery was 100. 54%(RSD=1. 66%,n=6),100. 03%(RSD=1. 00%, n=6), 99. 48%(RSD=1. 76%, n=6) and 100. 92%(RSD=2. 26%, n=6), respectively. Conclusion: The method is simple, rapid and accurate with good repeatability, which can be used in the rapid determination of isoflavone compounds in the flowers of Pueraria loba-ta.

8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 95-100, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414692

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of platelet membrane glycoprotein PAC-1 and CD62P expression in patients with cerebral small vessel disease and its subtype and large artery atherosclerotic stroke and to compare the traditional platelet activation markers and inflammatory chemokine platelet factor 4(PF4).Methods Peripheral blood platelet PAC-1,CD62P positive rates and serum PF4 concentration in 30 patients with large artery atherosclerotic stroke,45 patients with cerebral small vessel disease and 30 controls were detected using flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The differences between the groups were compared.Results The PAC-1,CD62P positive rates and serum PF4 concentration in the large artery atherosclerotic stroke group were 63.21% ± 9.78%,55.91% ± 8.17%,and 30.55 ± 15.56 ng/ml,respectively.They were significantly higher than 40.65% ± 17.42%,36.49% ± 14.60%,and 12.59 ±5.57 ng/mlin the cerebral small vessel disease group(all P=0.000),and the latter was still higher than 13.55% ± 3.14%,9.00% ± 2.32%,and 4.95 ±2.82 ng/ml in the control group(all P = 0.000).There were significant differences in all the subtypes groups of cerebral small vessel disease between the PAC-1,CD62P positive rates and serum PF4 concentration.The leukoaraiosis with lacunar infarction group(n = 15;47.72% ±15.52%,43.75% ± 12.54%,and 13.96 ± 5.23 ng/ml)and the simple lacunar infarction group (n = 15;49.87% ± 14.65%,43.98% ± 10.55%,and 14.41 ± 5.53 ng/ml)was significantly higher than the simple lacmar infarction group(n = 15;24.44% ± 8.45%,21.74% ± 7.19%,and 9.40 ±4.99 ng/ml)(P =0.000,0.000,and 0.013,respectively).There was no significant difference between the forrner 2 groups(P = 0.658,0.952,and 0.858,respectively).The peripheral blood platelet PAC-1 positive rate had significant correlation with CD62P positive rate in patients with ischemic cerebral disease(r= 0.964,P= 0.000),and the serum PF4 concentration showed linier correlation with the PAC-1(r =0.846,P =0.000)and CD62P(r =0.857,P =0.000)positive rates.Conelusions The platelet membrane glycoprotein PAC-1 and CD62P expression showed linear correlation,and they were consistent with the changes of PF4 concentration.This sugested that platelet activation and its mediated inflammatory mechanisms played an important pathophysiological role in the processes of atherosclerosis and thrombosis.This mechanism had significant difference between the different lesion types.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1053-1057, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403528

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are no effective treatments for spinal cord injury. Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) has achieved great progress in repairing spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of OECs transplantation on pathological and ultrastructural alterations of spinal cord, and the role in spinal cord injury developing.METHODS: A total of 60 SD rats were randomly divided into blank, model, transplantation and DF12 groups, with 15 animals in each group. The entire vertebral plate of T_(10), and partial vertebral plate of T_9 and T_(11) of blank group were cut open, and gelatin sponge was used for hemostasis. In the model group, the spinal cord was excised. In the transplantation and DF12 groups, OECs and DF12 culture solution were injected following spinal cord excision. The incision was sutured. Two rats from each group were anesthetized 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 42, and 56 days following injury, and injured areas were observed by light microscopy and electron microscopy. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Following spinal cord injury, pathological and ultrastructural changes occurred, such as hemorrhage, edema, degeneration, necrosis, cavitation, gliacyte proliferation and nerve fiber regeneration. OECs transplantation attenuated neuronal and nerve fiber necrosis, relieved degree of pathological reaction, protected injured neurons, prevented gliacyte proliferation and increased nerve fiber regeneration. Results show that OECs transplantation ameliorated pathological reactions and promoted spinal cord injury repair.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2001-2003, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328042

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effect of tectorigenin on the vascular endothelial cells(VEC) injured by oxidant low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and the expression of MCP-1 and ICAM-1 mRNA, and explore the mechanism of anti-atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The VEC of rat was cultured in vitro and the 100 mg x L(-1) ox-LDL inducing oxidant injured model was used in this study. Different dosage tectorigenin was added into VEC and the activity of VEC was observed by MTT colorimetry. The expression of MCP-1 and ICAM-1 mRNA in VEC was detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Tectorigenin had significantly protective effect on the VEC injured by ox-LDL and obviously inhibited the excessive expression of MCP-1 and ICAM-1 mRNA in VEC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It was the critical mechanism of anti-atherosclerosis that tectorigenin prevented the VEC oxidant injured and inhibited the excessive expression of MCP-1 and ICAM-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CCL2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar
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