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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439402

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and observe the canine model with esophageal stent implantation for further study of the benign stenosis caused by proliferation.Methods According to orthogonal design,different combinations of two stents and six polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) patches were confirmed.Stent was designed as cylinder with mushroom shape on both ends.Beagle dogs (weight 10-12 kg) were adopted and cervical segment of esophagus were dissected.After PTFE patch was encircled around the esophagus,stent was delivered under fluoroscopy.The main body of the stent was located in accordance with the patch.Eating condition and position of the stent were followed on week 1,2,4,6 and 8.Gross specimen was harvested at the end point,and the degree of tissue hyperplasia was evaluated.Each animal model was given a mark according to the eating condition and tissue hyperplasia.Results Eight combinations of stent and patch were provided with orthogonal design.Three models failed for the following reasons:unable to eat in one dog,stent disgorged out in another,and the third died from esophageal necrosis between stent and patch.Four models had obvious tissue hyperplasia on the segment of stent,and weight loss or stent dislocation were observed in each model.One model developed appropriate tissue hyperplasia with normal diet,and stent dislocation was not found during the follow-up.Significant difference was confirmed among 8 models (F =14.7000,P =0.031).Conclusion Animal model with appropriate tissue hyperplasia could be established with following elements:beagle dogs weight from 10 kg to 12 kg; stent 50 mm in length,20 mm in diameter,with top mushroom 10 mm in length,30 mm in diameter,and end mushroom 10 mm in length,25 mm in diameter; PTFE patch 60 mm in length,15 mm in width.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 316-322, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390598

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in function of liver and kidney of the rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumor after transarterial embolization and hyperthermia with magnetic nanoparticles suspended in lipiodol(MN-L) and its therapeutic effect Methods Thirty-two rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumor were randomly divided into four groups and each group contained 8 rabbits The four groups were MN-L embolization hyperthermia group (Group A), MN-L embolization group(Group B),Lipiodol embolization group(Group C), and Control group (Group D), Each rabbit in Group A and B was embolized with 0.5-0.8 ml MN-L through hepatic artery, while each rabbit in Group C was embolized with 0.5-0.8 ml lipiodol.Hyperthermia in alternating magnetic field was performed in Group A after embolization.The remaining groups did not undergo hyperthermia.The rabbits in control group were not treated.The function of liver and kidney of all the animals was measured 1d before embolization,and 1,7,and 14 d after embolization/hyperthermia respectively.Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) were used to reflect the function of liver,and blood urea nitrogen(BUN) and creatinine (Cr) were used to reflect the function of kidney.CT was performed on all of subjects before and after embolization to determine the embolization effect and the tumor size, and follow-up CT was performed weekly.All of subjects were sacrificed 14 days after embolization/hyperthermia, and their livers, spleens, kidneys and lungs were removed for histopathology examination.The data from every group were analyzed using analysis of variance of repeated measure data.Results On 1 day before embolization and 1,7, and 14 d after embolization/hyperthermia, the function of liver of the rabbits was as follows:Group A:ALT was (43.9±19.0),(795.1±327.1),(67.0±9.3), and(41.9±10.8) U/L respectively,and AST was (50.2±13.6),(1011.2±655.9),(62.4±24.1),and(51.6±7.9) U/L respectively; Group B: ALT was(45.0±19.1),(580.8±160.4),(67.2±31.0),and(47.6±7.8) U/L respectively, and AST was (52.9±20.3),(735.2±186.1),(57.9±24.8),and (50.9±9.8) U/L respectively; Group C: ALT was (47.4±14.6),(558.5±167.8),(63.5±21.9),and (48.0±9.3) U/L respectively, and AST was (51.8±9.5),(752.5±112.0),(56.5±20.6),and(51.4±8.6) U/L respectively.Both ALT and AST mean values of the rabbits were significantly elevated 1 d after embolization/hyperthermia in Group A, B and C, and the data showed statistically significant difference comparing with that before therapy and that of Group D 1 d after therapy (P<0.01).The function of liver showed no statistically significant difference between 7 or 14 days after embolization and 1 day before embolization in Group A,B and C. BUN and Cr mean values in pre-embolization and post-embolization rabbits revealed no statistically significant difference in group A, B, C and D.The MN-L /lipiodol were deposited in the tumor when it was injected, which was validated by CT.To compare with immediate CT after embolization, the MN-L deposited in tumors was not significantly different on CT 7 d after embolization .On the 14 th day after treatment,the MN-L deposited in tumors became concentrative and compact in Group A, while the MN-L/lipiodol deposited at the rim of tumors disappeared on CT in five rabbits of Group B and C.And the tumor size decreased by 21.7% compared to that before treatment in Group A [from (7.8±1.4)cm~3 to(6.1±0.6) cm~3,F=17.56, P<0.01], but tumor size increased by 16.2% and 18.9% in Group B and C respectively [from (7.9±1.1)and (7.8±0.9)cm~3 to (9.1±0.8) and (9.3±1.0)cm~3, F =25.23,55.50, P<0.01].Histopathologically, the tumor of Group A was necrotic for at least 80% 14 day after embolization, while the tumor of Group B and C was necrotic for 30% to 50% .Conclusion Transarterial embolization and hyperthermia with MN-L is safe, effective and feasible on the rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumor.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 726-730, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388636

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of positron emisson tomography-computed tomography ( PET-CT) in monitoring the residual lesions in lipiodol sedimentary region and extrahepatic metastastic lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC) with alpha fetoproteins ( AFP) positive after interventional therapy. Methods The data of 20 cases with primary HCC confirmed by histopathology were retrospectively analyzed. Their AFP levels decreased to normal range after interventional treatments, but rose to abnormal high level during following-up. After the abdominal routine imaging examinations, the definite diagnosis of the residual lesions in lipiodol sedimentary region or extrahepatic lesions can't be made confidently. All cases were scanned by PET-CT, and according to their PET-CT results, the further treatments were given and the therapeutic results were monitored with radiology and AFP tests. Results In all 20 cases, 10 of them were detected to have the extrahepatic metastastic lesions by PET-CT, including 4 with abdominal wall metastasis upon the liver, 3 with solitary pulmonary metastasis with diameter less than 1 cm, 2 with mesenteric mestastasis, 1 with mestastasis of operative incisions, but these lesions were neglected by abdominal routine imaging examinations. Eight cases showed the uneven lipiodol sedimentary region in the primary lesion by CT or MRI examination, but can't be diagnosed whether it was residual lesion with other examinations including DSA. A definite diagnosis was obtained by PET-CT. In 2 cases, lymph nodes less than 1. 5 cm were found in the hepatic portal area(PHA) and retroperitoneum on CT images,which was determined to be metastatic by PET-CT. All the detected lesions were given further treatments of surgery or interventional therapy. Most patients showed decreased AFP levels except the 2 patients with lymph node metastasis. The imaging examinations also indicated that the treatments had a good effect on lesions. Conclusion In the patients with HCC and abnormal high levels of AFP, in addition to abdominal routine imaging examinations, PET-CT is beneficial for those who is suspected of residual lesions in lipiodol sedimentary region or extrahepatic metastasis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 82-87, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396624

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the tissue characteristics within vascular stent and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS)on swine and to provide more information for the understanding and prevention of vascular stent and TIPS restenosis.Methods Animal models for TIPS were built in 6 swine and vascular stents were implanted in iliac veins simultaneouly.14-28 days after the operation.the 6 swine were killed to remove the TIPS and vascular stent and the pathological examinations were performed on the tissues within the shunt and stent.The similarities and difierences of the tissues within the shunt and stent were analvzed with Kruskal Wallis test. Results Restenosis of TIPS occurred in 4 models and complete occlusion were seen in 2,while all vascular stents were patent and coated with a thin layer of intimal tissueElectron micmscopic results showed that the tissues in restenotic TIPS were loose and with more extra matrix and fibers.and less smooth muscle,fibroblastic and myofibroblastic cells with different and irregular shape and rich secretory granules.The tissues in patent,TIPS contained more extra fibers,smooth muscle and fibmblastic cells with normal organdie.The intimal tissues in vascular stent contained more fibers and fibroblasts cells.less smooth muscle cells.On immunohistoehemical staining,the tissues in restenotlc and Datent TIPS as well as the intimal tissues in vascular stent had strong positive expression for anti-SMCactin-α.the expression were gradually weakened for PCNA,the intimal tissues in vascular stent had a strong positive expression for vimentin,while the expression of the tissues in restenotic and patent TIPS were weakened gradually.For myoglobulin,the tissues in restenotic TIPS had weakly positive expression,the expression in patent TIPS and vascular stent were almost negative. Western blot results for TGF-β showed that the absorbance ratios of the intima tissues in vascular stent,normal vascular tissues,normal liver tissues.the tissues in restenotic and patent TIPS were 0.23,0,0,0.57 and 0.30 respectively,and they were significantiy different (H=27.8,P<0.01).Conclusions The tissues in restenotic TIPS mainly contain proliferated SMCs which have positive expression for anti-SMC-actin-α,strong proliferation and movement but unstability.The tissues in patent TIPS and intimal tissues in Vascular stent mainly contain fibroblastie cells which have positive expression for vimentin and stability.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 539-543, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394895

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the trans-arterial delivery of p53 gene transfection efficiency and therapy effect on hepatic carcinoma in combination with transferrin mediated by liposome. Methods Twenty-five VX2 experimental rabbits were randomly divided into five groups, and the different doses of transferrin combined with p53-LipofectAMINE complex were delivered into the hepatic arteries of the VX2 hepatic carcinoma models. The tissue protein of the carcinoma was extracted after 48 h and the transfection efficiency and expression rate of p53 gene were analyzed by western blot and immune histochemical techniques, to inspect the expression proportion of p53 with different doses transferring. Another ten VX2 were divided into two groups, recombinant plasmid p53-LipofectAMINE complex and transferrin-p53-LipofectAMINE complex were delivered into the hepatic arteries in two groups respectively. The liver function, size of the tumor and survival time of the animals was compared between the two groups, and results were analyzed statistically. Results Semiquantitative analysis by Western Blot showed that the transfection and expression efficiency of p53 gene combined with transferrin were higher than those without it. By immune histochemieal techniques, the p53 gene's positive rate of highly expression with various doses of transferrin were found to be different, and there was remarkable difference between the groups with and without transferring. They were 58. 33%, 69. 44%, 80. 00%, 83.33%, 81.67% respectively, there was remarkable difference between the groups with and without transferring ( Totality: x2 = 42. 37, P < 0. 01 ). The p53 gene's positive rate of expression increased gradually as the doses of transferrin increasing from 0 up to 200 μg, but the differences of positive rate had no statistical significance as the doses of transferrin increasing from 200 up to 400 μg ( x2 section : 3 groups as former x2 = 4. 82, P < 0. 05,3 groups as latter x2 =0. 67 ,P <0. 05). There was no statistical difference in the liver function at points of time between VX2 rabbits with and without transferring. But the tumors' sizes had significant difference at various points of time. Conclusion Liposome-mediated p53 gene on treating hepatic carcinoma by trans-arterial gene delivery combined with transferrin is safe, and it can markedly enhance transfection efficiency and improve the therapy effect of p53 gene.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576921

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and value of treating esophageal thoracic fistula with covered esophageal stent through nasal esophagus drainage tube. Methods Seven patients with esophageal thoracic cavity fistula were enrolled and treated by 5F pigtail side-holes catheter inserting into thoracic cavity for drainage and then again through nasal esophagus and fistula, placing a covered stent in the esophagus to occlude the orifice of the fistula. The abscess cavities were washed and radiographied periodically through drainage tubes. Results The insertion of the drainage tube and the placement of covered stent were all successful. The drainage tubes were placed in abscess cavities for 12-22 days, average 15 days. The radiography through drainage tubes showed that the abscess cavities disappeared or shrank obviously with control of hydropneumothorax before the drainage tubes being pulled out. The esophagogram after withdrawal of the drainage tubes notified that the fistulae were occluded satisfactorily with stents expanded fully without displacement and stenosis. Conclusions Treating esophageal thoracic cavity fistula with covered esophageal stent through nasal esophagus drainage tube is feasible and safe with clinical efficiency.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562428

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging system to depict and track in vivo of magnetically labeled endothelial progenitor cells(EPCs),and to study the possibility for preventing the atherosclerotic plaque formation in New Zealand rabbit model of carotid arterial injury after transplantation.Methods New Zealand rabbit EPCs were isolated,confirmed,expanded and then incubated with home synthesized Fe_2O_3-PLL,Prussian blue stain was performed for showing intracellular irons.The model of carotid arterial injury was performed by 2.5F balloons,the group A of 8 rabbits received magnetically labeled EPCs,group B of 3 rabbits received fluorescent-labeled EPCs and the group C of 5 rabbits were given same volume saline injection after endothelial injury of the carotid artery.MR imaging and histology were performed and compared 4 days later for randomly chosen three rabbit,each from one of the three group;all the other rabbits were fed with high lipid diet and examed using MR imaging and histology after 15 weeks.Results Epcs labeling efficiency was more than 95% by Prussian blue stain, 4 days after transplantation of EPCs,only in group A,the injured endothelium of carotid artery had signal intensity loss in T_2 * WI,which were correlated well with the area where the most Prussian blue staining positive cells were found in histopathology analyses.The rabbits of group A and B which received EPCs transplantation exhibited fewer plaques formation than those of the group C(P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516590

ABSTRACT

In order to study the values of MR/CT to the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosis with neuropsyehiatric disorders (SLE-NP), MR/CT image changes of 22 examinations of skull/spinal cord in 16 patients with SLE-NP were analyzed. The results showed that the images of 18 examinations were abnormal (81.8%), including ischaemia/infarct (9 times), haemorrhage (3 times), focal demyelination (3 times), and cerebral atropy (6 times). The areas involved including basal ganglia (10 times), anterior horn of lateral ventricle (5 times), pons (1 time), and spinal cord (2 times). MR/CT is sensitive for the examination of lesions of SLE-NP, and the total positive rate is as high as 81.8%. Its high resolution rate can display the nature and areas of the lesions, which may provide valuable reference for the early diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, evaluation of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of SLE-NP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate homografting vascular endothelial progenitor cells(EPCs)for preventing restenosis formation of carotid artery in New Zealand white rabbit models.Methods EPCs of New Zealand white rabbits were isolated,confirmed and expanded though the injured carotid arterial endothelium of rabbit model induced by dilatation with a 2.5 F balloon;and then EPCs were transplanted into the injured endothelium of the cells transplantation group(n=13,3 of them were transplanted with fluorencently-labeled- EPCs),while equal volume of saline without EPCs was injected into the injured endothelium in the control group(n=8).Histopathology was performed at 4 days after transplantation for the 2 rabbits,with fluorencently-labeled-EPCs.All of the rest remained rabbits were killed 4 weeks later for histological examinations.Results The histopathological slides showed that the fluorescence-positive expression existed in the injured endothelium 4 days after transplantation.At 4 weeks after the EPCs transplantation,there were less restenosis and less vascular wall thickening in the rabbits of cells transplantation group than those of the control group(P<0.01).Conclusion The local interventional homografting heterogeneous endothelial progenitor cells can prevent restenosis after the carotid artery angioplasty in New Zealand White rabbit model. (J Intervent Radiol,2007,16:95-98)

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682988

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the transfection and expression of p53 genes mediated by liposome and its feasibility in treatment of liver cancer by transcatheter arterial injection on rabbit VX2 hepatocarcinoma model.Methods pCMV-myc-p53 plasmids,LipofectAMINE and p53-LipofectAMINE complex were infused into tumor's feeding artery of rabbit VX2 hepatocarcinoma model,respectively,and then protein of cancer tissue was extracted,followed by measuring gene transfection and expression by western blot and immunohistochemistry,p53-LipofectAMINE complex in different doses were infused into tumor's feeding artery of rabbit VX2 hepatocarcinoma model with the gene transfection and expression detected by the same way.Results Liposome-mediated p53 gene injected through catheter could be successfully transfected and expressed in the cancer tissue of rabbit VX2 hepatocarcinoma model,with transfection efficiency higher than the gene delivery alone.The efficiency and the gene dose has dose-effect relationship.Condusions Treatment of liver cancer by transcatheter arterial injection of p53 genes mediated by liposome is a feasible and effective method,with wide prospect of application.(J Intervent Radiol,2007,16:109-114)

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