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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To design and synthesize folate-modified pH-responsive chitosan-based nanomicelles and investigate the anti-tumor activity of the drug-loaded micelles.@*METHODS@#CHI-DMA was obtained by reductive amination reaction of aldehyde-based chitosan and hydrophilic amine compounds, and CHI-DMA-LA was obtained by condensation reaction with lauric acid; FA-CHI-DMA-LA was obtained after modification with folic acid (FA). The drug-loaded nanomicelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX were assembled by solvent change method. The physicochemical properties of polymers were characterized by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance and transmission electron microscope. The particle size and surface potential were determined by dynamic light scattering method. Folic acid access rate, doxorubicin (DOX) loading rate and entrapped efficiency were measured by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The drug release properties of DOX-loaded micelles were monitored by fluorescence spectrophotometer at different pHs (7.4, 6.5, 5.0). The cytotoxicity against human oral cancer KB cells was detected by MTT assay. Fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry were applied to investigate the phagocytosis of DOX-loaded micelles on KB cells.@*RESULTS@#FA-CHI-DMA-LA was synthesized. The particle sizes of FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1 and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2 micelles which used for the subsequent experiments were (73±14) nm and (106±15) nm, zeta potential were (15.59±1.98) mV and (21.20±2.35) mV, respectively. The drug loading rates of drug-loaded micelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1/DOX and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX are (4.08±1.12)%and (4.12±0.44)%, respectively. drug release is pH-responsive, with cumulative release of DOX up to 37%and 36%at pH 5.0, which is about 1.5 times higher than that of pH 7.4. For FA-CHI-DMA-LA micelles with 1.25 to 125 μg/mL concentration, the survival rate of KB cells is more than 70%after incubation for 24 hours. The cell uptake of FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX micelles was enhanced compared to CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, and the cell uptake was higher in incubation without FA medium than that with FA. Compared with free DOX or CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX nanomicelles showed higher cyctoxicity to KB cells, especially the FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX nanomicelles, the cell survival rate was about 17% after incubation for 24 hours.@*CONCLUSIONS@#FA-modified chitosan-based nanomicelle with good biocompatibility was successfully prepared, which exhibits tumor microenvironmental pH responsive drug release and tumor targeting.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chitosan , Doxorubicin , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Humans , Micelles , Nanostructures , Polymers
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Taking polysuccinimide as the main chain, amine side chain and alkyl side chain were grafted to prepare the drug/gene co-delivery vector. The property of the polymers with various side links were investigated to select an optimal vector. METHODS: Poly-D, L-polysuccinimide was synthesized by polymerization reaction of D, L-aspartic acid as monomer. Therefore, N, N-dimethylenedipropyl-triamine and 3, 3'-diaminodipropylamine were grafted with dodecylamine/adecylamine/octadecylamine at different proportions by ring-opening reaction to obtain amphiphilic PEECs. The structure of the material was confirmed by 1H NMR; the particle size and surface potential of the micelles were measured by dynamic light scattering; the critical micelle concentration (CMC) was determined by pyrene fluorescent probe; the RNA blocking ability was characterized by agarose gel electrophoresis; the release behavior of the PEECs was examined and the cytotoxicity, cellular uptake and gene silencing efficiency of the PEECs were studied at the cellular level. RESULTS A series of PEECs with different grafting rates was successfully synthesized. The particle sizes and surface potential of the PEEC derived micelles were between 250 nm and 350 nm and 27 mV and 45 mV, respectively, with a small CMC value. The RNA binding ratio of PEECs was at a mass ratio of about 0.8:1. MTT assay demonstrated that PEEC micelles had certain cytotoxicity. PEECs had excellent micelle formation, drug-loading and gene binding abilities, particularly, PEEC16-2 showed high gene silencing efficiency at the cellular level. CONCLUSIONS PEECs are able to co-delivery drug and gene, and PEEC16-2 micelles have the best ability of drug encapsulation and gene delivery.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819081

ABSTRACT

To synthesize 5-fluorouracil-nicotinamide (5-FU-NCT) cocrystal and to investigate its physicochemical and biological properties. The cocrystal of 5-Fu-NCT was prepared through the cooling technology. PXRD, NMR, FTIR and DSC were used to characterize the structure of 5-FU-NCT cocrystal. Solubility was measured by HPLC method. Drug resistant human liver cancer BEL-7402/5-FU cells were treated with 5-FU-NCT cocrystal, the inhibition effect was tested by MTT and HE staining, and cancer cell migration was determined by scratch test. According to PXRD, NMR, FTIR and DSC results, the cocrystal of 5-Fu-NCT had been synthesized successfully. The characteristic diffraction peaks (2θ/°) of the cocrystal were 16.4, 20.4, 22.3, 27.9 and 30.1. The solubility of 5-FU-NCT was 13.5 g/L as measured by HPLC. The antitumor activity tests showed that 5-FU-NCT cocrystal enhanced anticancer effect of 5-FU, and the IC50 of 5-FU and 5-FU-NCT was 129.6 μg/mL and 42.6 μg/mL, respectively. 5-Fu-NCT cocrystal have been synthesized successfully through the cooling technology and it shows an enhanced anticancer effect in comparison to 5-FU on BEL-7402/5-FU cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Survival , Crystallization , Fluorouracil , Chemistry , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Niacinamide , Chemistry , Solubility
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331387

ABSTRACT

A series of Poly[aspartic acid-co-L-lysine](PAL) are copolycondensed by DL-aspartice acid and L-lysine with different ratios. Their constructions are identified by the spectra of 1H-NMR, FT-IR, X-Ray). These spectra are proved to have good regularity of these copolymers. alpha,beta-Poly[(N-hydroxypropyl/aminoethyl)-DL-Aspartamide-co-L-lysine] (PHAAL) is synthesized by ring-opening poly [aspartic acid-co-lysine] (PAL). PHAAL has good degradability in the phosphoric acid buffer solution (0.01 M, pH = 7.4) in the enzyme solution (Papain, Trypsine). PHAAL appeared tobe low cytotoxicity in Hela, ECV-304, Bcap37 cell lines, which was quantified by MTT assay. The combination ability of PHAAL with plasmid DNA was evaluated by agarose gel electrophoresis with agarose gel (1.0% w/v) containing ethidium bromide (0.25 microg/ml). The PHAAL with higher ratios of lysine in the copolymers have higher ability of condensing DNA. In summary, PHAAL, the polyaminoacid materials, could be one kind of macromolecule materials tobeused as the non-viral gene vehicle.


Subject(s)
Aspartic Acid , Chemistry , Toxicity , Biopolymers , Chemistry , Toxicity , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Genetic Vectors , Chemistry , Toxicity , HeLa Cells , Humans , Materials Testing , Umbilical Cord , Cell Biology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311027

ABSTRACT

For the purpose of increasing the hydrophilicity of poly aspartic acid, a series of polymer of L-aspartic acid and 4-aminobutanoic acid with different ratios (mol/mol) were prepared. The copolymers were characterized by 13CNMR, DSC and x-ray. The confirmed the structures of the polymers. In-vitro tests of release at phosphate buffer saline, enzyme solution of trypsin and papain (37.0 degrees C, pH = 7.4) were carried out. The result indicated that the polymers could be degraded in some degree, and that 4-aminobutanoic acid segments accelerated the degradation rate of the polymers. Skin irritation test and systemic acute toxicity test were carried out, which showed that the polymer was a nontoxic biomedical material.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartic Acid , Chemistry , Female , Hydrolysis , Male , Materials Testing , Mice , Polymers , Chemistry , Metabolism , Toxicity , Rabbits , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Chemistry
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