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1.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 225-229, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874170

ABSTRACT

In response to the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an online laboratory surveillance system was established to monitor severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) real-time reverse transcription-PCR (rRT-PCR) testing capacities and results. SARS-CoV-2 rRT-PCR testing data were collected from 97 clinical laboratories, including 84 medical institutions and 13 independent clinical laboratories in Korea. We assessed the testing capacities to utilize SARS-CoV-2 rRT-PCR based on surveillance data obtained from February 7th to June 4th, 2020 and evaluated positive result characteristics according to the reagents used and sample types. A total of 1,890,319 SARS-CoV-2 rRT-PCR testing were performed, 2.3% of which were positive. Strong correlations were observed between the envelope (E ) gene and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp )ucleocapsid (N ) genes threshold cycle (Ct) values for each reagent. No statistically significant differences in gene Ct values were observed between the paired upper and lower respiratory tract samples, except in the N gene for nasopharyngeal swab and sputum samples. Our study showed that clinical laboratories in Korea have rapidly expanded their testing capacities in response to the COVID-19 outbreak, with a peak daily capacity of 34,193 tests. Rapid expansion in testing capacity is a critical component of the national response to the ongoing pandemic.

2.
Immune Network ; : e27-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835458

ABSTRACT

Although various studies on predictive markers in the use of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are in progress, only PD-L1 expression levels in tumor tissues are currently used. In the present study, we investigated whether baseline serum levels of IL-6 can predict the treatment response of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. In our cohort of 125 NSCLC patients, the objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were significantly higher in those with low IL-6 (<13.1 pg/ml) than those with high IL-6 (ORR 33.9% vs. 11.1%, p=0.003; DCR 80.6% vs. 34.9%, p<0.001). The median progression-free survival was 6.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9–8.7) in the low IL-6 group, significantly longer than in the high IL-6 group (1.9 months, 95% CI, 1.6–2.2, p<0.001). The median overall survival in the low IL-6 group was significantly longer than in the high IL-6 group (not reached vs. 7.4 months, 95% CI, 4.8–10.0). Thus, baseline serum IL-6 levels could be a potential biomarker for predicting the efficacy and survival benefit of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in NSCLC.

3.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 493-503, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834739

ABSTRACT

A new diagnosis-related group (DRG) based payment system has been implemented in most public hospitals in Korea. We investigated the effects of the new DRG system and its incentive policy on the utilization rate of diagnostic laboratory tests. Three groups were categorized; 36 hospitals under the new DRG system (participant group), 72 hospitals (control-1) matching with 36 participants according to the number of beds, and 42 tertiary hospitals (control-2). The patients of acute myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and gonarthrosis receiving total arthroplasty were included. We analyzed the mean length of stay and the number of diagnostic laboratory tests conducted during hospitalization of the three groups according to the new DRG system and the incentive policy rates under the new DRG system. Before participating in the new DRG system, the number of diagnostic laboratory tests in the participant group was less than that in the two control groups for all four diseases. However, although the participant group’s length of stay decreased under the new DRG system, the number of diagnostic laboratory tests increased as the maximum incentive policy rate increased. The increment of the number of diagnostic laboratory tests was prominent in the period of a maximum of 35% incentive policy rates. Finally, the number of diagnostic laboratory tests of the participant group was similar to or exceeded that of the control-2 group. The new DRG system’s incentive policy rates played a driving force on the increased utilization rate of the diagnostic laboratory test. For preparing in advance for the change in incentive policy rates, monitoring and guidelines for the utilization of diagnostic laboratory tests are necessary.

4.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 222-229, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901771

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nurses play a central role in the process of blood transfusion because they have the closest interactions with patients. Providing nurses with the appropriate knowledge and competency through education can help ensure transfusion safety. This study investigated the effectiveness of the first nationwide transfusion-related education for nurses by analyzing questionnaires for a self-assessment of competency on transfusion-related knowledge before and after the education and general evaluation for the educational program. @*Methods@#The education program was composed of four lectures and was conducted in seven regions in South Korea. One hundred and ninety-two nurses participated, and the questionnaires for 170 nurses were analyzed. @*Results@#The participants consisted of 90 nurses (53.0%) from tertiary hospitals, 23 (13.5%) from general hospitals, and 57 (33.5%) from other hospitals. The majority of the participants (103/170, 60.6%) were from hospitals with ≥500 beds, and 69.4% had a work period of ≥10 years. The scores for pre-/post-education self-assessment of competency were as follows: blood components, 3.03/3.73; pretransfusion testing, 2.86/3.64; management of transfusion, 3.18/3.84; and transfusion reactions, 3.11/3.78. In all categories, there was a significant increase in the score after the education program. The majority of participants (99.4%) provided a positive response regarding the necessity of a transfusion-related education program. @*Conclusion@#South Korea’s first attempt at transfusion-related education for nurses showed a strong positive effect by improving participants’ transfusion-related competency. Considering the important role of nurses in blood transfusion, the educational program should continue and be expanded in the future.

5.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 222-229, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894067

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nurses play a central role in the process of blood transfusion because they have the closest interactions with patients. Providing nurses with the appropriate knowledge and competency through education can help ensure transfusion safety. This study investigated the effectiveness of the first nationwide transfusion-related education for nurses by analyzing questionnaires for a self-assessment of competency on transfusion-related knowledge before and after the education and general evaluation for the educational program. @*Methods@#The education program was composed of four lectures and was conducted in seven regions in South Korea. One hundred and ninety-two nurses participated, and the questionnaires for 170 nurses were analyzed. @*Results@#The participants consisted of 90 nurses (53.0%) from tertiary hospitals, 23 (13.5%) from general hospitals, and 57 (33.5%) from other hospitals. The majority of the participants (103/170, 60.6%) were from hospitals with ≥500 beds, and 69.4% had a work period of ≥10 years. The scores for pre-/post-education self-assessment of competency were as follows: blood components, 3.03/3.73; pretransfusion testing, 2.86/3.64; management of transfusion, 3.18/3.84; and transfusion reactions, 3.11/3.78. In all categories, there was a significant increase in the score after the education program. The majority of participants (99.4%) provided a positive response regarding the necessity of a transfusion-related education program. @*Conclusion@#South Korea’s first attempt at transfusion-related education for nurses showed a strong positive effect by improving participants’ transfusion-related competency. Considering the important role of nurses in blood transfusion, the educational program should continue and be expanded in the future.

6.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 172-178, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765645

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Analysis of body fluids provides important information for assessing various medical conditions. We aimed to validate the analytical and diagnostic performance of the Sysmex UF-5000 (Sysmex, Japan) system for the analysis of different body fluids. METHODS: Eighty body fluid samples were analyzed using the UF-5000 system in the body fluid mode and light microscopy. Body fluids included ascitic, pleural, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), as well as other fluid samples. RESULTS: A comparison between the UF-5000 system and manual counting demonstrated good correlations with regard to red (r=0.6555) and white blood cell (r=0.9666) counts. The UF-5000 system also demonstrated good performance for differential cell counting (r=0.9028). CSF particularly showed a good correlation. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the UF-5000 system for cell counting and differential analysis of body fluid samples might be an effective and automated alternative to chamber counting in laboratory routine analysis, thereby enhancing laboratory workflow and clinical effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Automation , Body Fluids , Cell Count , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes , Methods , Microscopy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 6-11, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719668

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For creatinine measurement, the enzymatic method is known to be more accurate than the Jaffe method; however, the latter is still widely used. We evaluated the performance of the CRE2 reagent (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc., USA), which uses a modified Jaffe method. METHODS: Three quality control standards were used for precision evaluations of CRE2 on Dimension VISTA 500 instrument (Siemens). Moreover, the linearity and carryover characteristics were assessed. Sixty-eight creatinine results obtained using the CRE2 and ECREA (enzymatic) reagents (Siemens) were compared with those obtained using the L-CRE (enzymatic) reagent (Shinyang Diagnostics, Korea). The accuracy of CRE2, ECREA, and L-CRE was evaluated using a standard reference material. RESULTS: The CV of within-run (0.7–2.4%), between-run (0.4–1.7%), between-day precision (0.7–0.9%) for three standards, and total CV for medium (1.6%) and high levels (1.3%) satisfied the analytical goal. The linearity for CRE2 was excellent (R2=0.999). Comparisons of CRE2 and ECREA to L-CRE were well correlated (r=0.996 and 0.997, respectively). In comparison with L-CRE, 5 CRE2 results and 15 ECREA results exceeded minimum bias goal (5.1%) in samples with creatinine levels of >1 mg/dL. The carryover rate was −0.04%. In terms of accuracy, the percent bias values of CRE2, ECREA, and L-CRE were 7.4, −6.4, and −3.4, respectively, for low level; and 3.9, −1.5, and 0.7, respectively, for high level. CONCLUSIONS: For creatinine measurements, the CRE2 reagent showed good performance. It can be used in the diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and risk assessment of kidney diseases.


Subject(s)
Bias , Creatinine , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnosis , Indicators and Reagents , Kidney Diseases , Methods , Quality Control , Risk Assessment
8.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 218-223, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Automated systems are used widely for pre-transfusion tests in blood banks, in an attempt to reduce effort and human error. We evaluated the clinical performance of an automated blood bank system, ORTHO VISION (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Switzerland), for blood cross-matching. METHODS: Saline cross-matching was performed for 93 tests using 56 samples. Coombs cross-matching was performed for 400 tests using 166 samples. Saline cross-matching was compared for the automated ORTHO VISION and manual tube methods. Coombs cross-matching was compared for the automated ORTHO VISION and manual column agglutination technique (CAT) methods. The evaluation of 32 antibody-positive samples using the automated ORTHO VISION and manual CAT methods was compared by performing 97 cross-matching tests. Additionally, the ORTHO VISION efficiency and carryover were evaluated. RESULTS: The concordance rate of the saline cross-matching results between the manual method and automated ORTHO VISION was 100%. The concordance rate of coombs cross-matching results between manual CAT and automated ORTHO VISION was 97.9%. The concordance rate of cross-matching for antibody positive samples between manual CAT and the automated ORTHO VISION was 97.9%. Coombs cross-matching was efficient using ORTHO VISION, whereas saline cross-matching was efficient using the tube manual method. CONCLUSIONS: ORTHO VISION showed reliable results for cross-matching and was more efficient than manual CAT for coombs cross-matching. Thus, ORTHO VISION can be used for pre-transfusion tests in blood banks.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Humans , Agglutination , Automation , Blood Banks , Methods
9.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 171-177, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718777

ABSTRACT

In the 2016 and 2017 programs for blood gas analysis (BGA) in central laboratory and by point-of-care testing (POCT), and glucose analysis by POCT, external quality assessment of 9, 3, and 1 analytes, respectively, was performed each year. The materials used were commercially available quality control materials, and three levels were used per trial. Based on the information and results from each participating laboratory, statistical analysis was carried out. Results were provided to each laboratory through individual and comprehensive reports. The mean response rates were 96.6%, 96.5%, and 95.6% for BGA in central laboratory, BGA (POCT), and glucose (POCT), respectively. The number of participating laboratories in BGA (central laboratory and POCT) in 2017 was not significantly different from that in 2016. However, in the glucose (POCT) program, the number of registered instruments sharply increased in 2017 as the allowable number of registered instruments was increased from 5 to 30. The coefficient of variation (CV) did not show any significant differences in pH, sodium, chloride, and ionized calcium of BGA. However, the differences of CV were found to be relative large between instruments in other analytes of BGA and glucose POCT.


Subject(s)
Blood Gas Analysis , Calcium , Glucose , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Korea , Point-of-Care Systems , Point-of-Care Testing , Quality Control , Sodium
10.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 170-175, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The use of automated systems for pre-transfusion tests is increasing in an attempt to reduce workload and the impact of human errors in blood banks. We evaluated the clinical performance of the automated blood bank systems IH-500 (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Switzerland) and VISION Max (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, USA) for ABO-RhD blood typing and unexpected antibody screening. METHODS: ABO-RhD blood typing was performed for 410 samples, and antibody screening was performed for 332 samples, including 15 antibody-positive samples. The results obtained from the two automated instruments were compared with those obtained using manual methods for ABO-RhD blood typing and a semiautomated method (DiaMed-ID system) for antibody screening. Additionally, both instruments were evaluated in terms of concordance rates, sensitivity, and carryover. RESULTS: The concordance rate of the ABO-RhD blood typing results between the manual methods and the two automated instruments was 100%. For antibody screening tests, the concordance rates between the semiautomated method (DiaMed-ID system) and the automated methods were 100% and 99.7% for the IH-500 and VISION Max instruments, respectively. The sole discrepant result was obtained for a sample identified as antibody-positive only on the VISION Max; the antibody was identified as anti-Le(a). The overall sensitivity of the two automated instruments was the same as or higher than that of the semiautomated method. Carryover was not observed in antibody screening. CONCLUSIONS: The IH-500 and VISION Max instruments showed reliable results for ABO-RhD blood typing and unexpected antibody screening, and can be used clinically, with confidence, for pre-transfusion tests in the blood bank.


Subject(s)
Humans , Automation , Blood Banks , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Mass Screening , Methods
11.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 290-297, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transfusion is one of the most important treatments in patient care. It has been known that there is a lack of transfusion medicine knowledge of doctors in other countries, however it has not been investigated yet in Korea. In this study, we assessed the educational need and the knowledge on transfusion medicine for trainees to provide basic raw data for future education in transfusion medicine. METHODS: Transfusion is one of the most important treatments in patient care. It has been known that there is a lack of transfusion medicine knowledge of doctors in other countries, however it has not been investigated yet in Korea. In this study, we assessed the educational need and the knowledge on transfusion medicine for trainees to provide basic raw data for future education in transfusion medicine. RESULTS: Among trainees, 89.9% said they received more than one hour of transfusion medicine education at medical schools, but 57.3% did not receive transfusion medicine education after finishing medical school. Moreover, 76.4% and 86.5% of respondents stated that additional transfusion medicine education was needed during and after medical school respectively. Among respondents, 43.5%, 53.9%, and 28.1% reported their knowledge on blood products, pretransfusion testing, and transfusion reactions as low or very low. In the assessment of knowledge of transfusion medicine, the mean percentage of correct answers was 65.2%. The rates of correct answers (average) ranged from 25.8% to 80.9% (58.2%), 49.4% to 94.4% (75.7%) 70.8% to 89.9% (80.2%) in case of blood products, pretransfusion testing, and transfusion reactions respectively. CONCLUSION: Transfusion medicine education among trainees after finishing medical school was found to be insufficient, and additional education for transfusion medicine is demanded by trainees.


Subject(s)
Education , Korea , Patient Care , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Transfusion Medicine , Transfusion Reaction
12.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 7-12, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100538

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In patients with HIV, CD4+ T cell count and viral load are the main laboratory tests performed to assess clinical management. However, they require extensive resources. In this study, we aimed to determine whether hematological parameters measured using a hematology analyzer are useful as surrogate markers of CD4+ T cell count and viral load in HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 14 HIV-naïve, 105 HIV-treated, and 103 uninfected individuals. Hematological parameters were measured using the ADVIA 2120i hematology analyzer (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, USA). RESULTS: In HIV-naïve and -treated patients, the percentage of large unstained cells (%LUCs) was 2.5±1.6% and 1.9±0.7%, respectively, compared to 1.6±0.5% in HIV-uninfected controls. The %LUCs was higher in HIV patients with low CD4⁺ T cell count below 200/μL (2.4±1.0%) or high viral load ≥200 copies/mL (2.4±0.8%) than in other infected groups. Significant differences in lymphocyte count were observed between the HIV-naïve (1.5±0.6×10⁹/L) and uninfected (2.0±0.6×10⁹/L) groups as well as between HIV patients with CD4⁺ T cells ≥500/μL (2.5±0.6×10⁹/L) and other infected groups. Neutrophil count varied between high viral load (3.0±1.4×10⁹/L) and low viral load (3.7±1.3×10⁹/L) groups. The CD4⁺ T cell count correlated with lymphocyte count (r=0.642, P<0.0001) and %LUCs (r=-0.287, P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: %LUCs, lymphocyte count, and neutrophil count are probable surrogate markers of CD4⁺ T cells and viral load.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cell Count , Delivery of Health Care , Disease Progression , Hematology , HIV Infections , HIV , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Load
13.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 68-76, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45810

ABSTRACT

Two external quality assessment (EQA) trials of conventional newborn screening tests for phenylketonuria, galactosemia, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, maple syrup urine disease, homocystinuria, and congenital hypothyroidism, as well as newborn screening tests using tandem mass spectrometry, were performed in 2015. A total of 44 specimens in the form of dried blood spots were distributed to 16 laboratories and the response rate of these laboratories was 100%. The mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, median, and cut-offs were evaluated for each analyte in the newborn screening tests. Two EQA trials for the analyses of methylmalonic acid, vanillylmandelic acid, catecholamines, metanephrines, organic acids, and amino acids were also performed. A well-designed EQA program and continuous education would improve the performance of biochemical genetics tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Amino Acids , Catecholamines , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Education , Galactosemias , Homocystinuria , Korea , Maple Syrup Urine Disease , Mass Screening , Methylmalonic Acid , Molecular Biology , Phenylketonurias , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Vanilmandelic Acid
14.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 137-142, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76001

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fecal occult blood tests have been widely used as a means of gastrointestinal bleeding and colorectal cancer screening. HM-JACKarc (Kyowa Medex Co. Ltd, Japan) is a recently introduced automated fecal occult blood test analyser, which uses latex agglutination method. We evaluated the analytical performance of HM-JACKarc. METHODS: The linearity and precision for HM-JACKarc were evaluated according to the corresponding Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute guidelines. The comparison study between HM-JACKarc and OC-SENSOR DIANA (Eiken Chemical Co. Ltd., Japan) was done with stool specimens. RESULTS: The linearity was good (R²=0.999) and the coefficients of variation of within-day precision and between-day precision were 5.2% and 4.9%, respectively, in low concentration and 2.7% each in high concentration. The concordance rate between HM-JACKarc and OCSENSOR DIANA was 99.0% (198 out of 200). CONCLUSIONS: HM-JACKarc showed excellent performance in linearity, precision, and comparison studies. Therefore, it appears to be a useful automated fecal occult blood test analyser.


Subject(s)
Agglutination , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hemorrhage , Latex , Mass Screening , Methods , Occult Blood
15.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 225-233, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65272

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Point-of-care testing (POCT) is designed to be used near the site where the clinical care is being delivered. The demand for POCT in the medical field is expanding significantly, given that rapid results can eventually lead to early diagnosis and immediate clinical management of diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the i-STAT POC analyser (Abbott Diagnostics, USA) for testing 8 chemical analytes (viz., sodium, potassium, chloride, total carbon dioxide, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glucose, and ionised calcium) and 2 hematological analytes (hematocrit [HCT], hemoglobin [Hb]). METHODS: The precision and linearity of the 10 analytes were measured according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP15-A3 and EP6-A guidelines. Comparisons with a central laboratory hematology analyser, Coulter LH 780 (Beckman Coulter Inc., USA), and a chemical analyser, UniCel DxC 880i (Beckman Coulter Inc.), were performed using 85 patient samples according to CLSI EP9-A3. RESULTS: The coefficient of variation values for the within-run precision and total precision at 3 levels of all analytes were within 5%, except those for low level creatinine. In the aspect of linearity, the correlation coefficient values of all analytes were over 0.975 in the clinically important concentration range. A very high correlation was observed in glucose, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine (R>0.975), high correlation was observed in sodium, potassium, Hct and Hb (R>0.9), and relatively good correlation was observed in chloride and total carbon dioxide (R>0.7) compared to the central laboratory analysers. CONCLUSIONS: i-STAT showed relatively high precision and linearity, and comparable data to that of routine hematology and chemistry analysers. This device was concluded to have potential for providing faster results and relatively acceptable values to clinicians in need of immediate results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Carbon Dioxide , Chemistry , Creatinine , Early Diagnosis , Glucose , Hematology , Nitrogen , Point-of-Care Systems , Point-of-Care Testing , Potassium , Sodium , Urea
16.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 134-139, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81063

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by impaired glucose regulation and various complications. It is known that chronic inflammation and platelet activation play a role in development of insulin resistance or diabetic complications. This study investigated whether hematologic parameters are useful for monitoring blood glucose regulation or complications in DM patients. METHODS: Total 90 diabetic patients were divided into two groups according to their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels: 59 regulated DM patients with HbA1c levels<7% and 31 unregulated DM patients with HbA1c levels≥7%. RESULTS: White blood cell counts (P=0.021), neutrophil counts (P=0.005), monocyte counts (P=0.040), neutrophil % (P=0.042) and the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P=0.032) were significantly higher in the unregulated DM group compared to that in the regulated DM group. There were no differences in lymphocyte counts, lymphocyte %, monocyte %, mean neutrophil volume, mean monocyte volume, platelet count, and mean platelet volume between groups. Neutrophil counts and NLR were higher in unregulated DM patients with complications than in the regulated DM group. A positive correlation was observed between HbA1c and white blood cell count (r=0.389, P<0.001) and neutrophil count (r=0.361, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In DM patients, neutrophil counts and NLR were related to glycemic control and the presence of complications. Additionally, neutrophil counts showed a positive correlation with HbA1c. Therefore, neutrophil counts and NLR can be used as related markers for diabetic regulation and complications during the follow-up of diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Follow-Up Studies , Glucose , Inflammation , Insulin Resistance , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Mean Platelet Volume , Monocytes , Neutrophils , Platelet Activation , Platelet Count
17.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 265-273, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80033

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Donor screening test is one of the most important processes for blood safety management. Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) has been conducting an annual proficiency test program that includes the distribution of specially manufactured panels for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) to blood centers. Here, KCDC reports the results of these proficiency tests for HBsAg and anti-HCV blood donor screening for all licensed blood centers in Korea between 2012 and 2015. METHODS: Panels for the proficiency tests were manufactured and distributed to blood centers by Chung-Ang University Hospital, which has been participating in the Korea Blood Safety Commission. Well-proven reactive sera and healthy donor's sera acquired from the Human Serum Bank in Chung-Ang University were used to make the panels. To identify the S/CO ratio of the panel, three medical institutes triple-checked the results of each panel. RESULTS: Most blood centers reported correct answers for the proficiency test with six panels. The average percentages (year) of correct answers were as follows: 98.7% (2012), 98.5% (2013), 99.1% (2014) and 99.6% (2015) for the HBsAg proficiency tests; and 97.7% (2012), 99.5% (2013), 99.1% (2014), and 99.8% (2015) for the anti-HCV proficiency tests. CONCLUSION: To improve the blood center's ability for donor screening tests, KCDC will continue the proficiency test program by managing specialized panels for HBsAg and Anti-HCV tests. Furthermore, we will investigate the level of satisfaction to improve the quality of the program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Academies and Institutes , Blood Donors , Blood Safety , Donor Selection , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Korea , Mass Screening
18.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 36-40, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recently, a new automated inoculating instrument, Previ Isola(R) (bioMerieux, France) was introduced. Although there are many evaluation reports about the inoculation of urine and body fluid samples using Previ Isola(R), no evaluation has been reported for blood samples. The objectives of this study were to evaluate this instrument for the inoculation of blood samples and to compare the microbiological results with the manual loop-to-plate method. METHODS: From March 2014 to July 2014, a total of 296 non-duplicate blood samples showing positive signals on the BacT/Alert 3D system were obtained, and both manual and automated methods were used for sample inoculation. Results of the two methods were compared according to five aspects: the culture result, number of single colonies, morphology of colonies, number of re-inoculations, and time required for inoculation. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of Previ Isola(R) were 98.9% and 96.6%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 99.6% and 90.3%, respectively, and the total concordance rate was 98.6%. For Previ Isola(R) and the manual methods, the number of average usable single colonies per plate was 25 and 16, the number of re-inoculations was 60 and 62, and the inoculation time for 15 blood samples was 30 min and 75 min, respectively. The morphology of colonies showed no differences between the two methods. CONCLUSIONS: The automated inoculation instrument, Previ Isola(R), showed relative good concordance with manual method, with high sensitivity and high specificity for blood sample inoculation. Previ Isola(R) may be useful for inoculating specimens including blood samples.


Subject(s)
Automation , Body Fluids , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 50-53, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220314

ABSTRACT

Roseomonas is a genus of pink-pigmented, oxidative, gram-negative coccobacilli and rarely causes opportunistic infection. We report a case of wound infection by Roseomonas species in a 53-yr-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing was performed to confirm the infectious agent. The patient recovered without complication after ciprofloxacin treatment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Roseomonas infection reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ciprofloxacin , Korea , Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic , Methylobacteriaceae , Opportunistic Infections , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Wound Infection
20.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 148-154, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147860

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The appropriate procedures and equipment for the pretransfusion test are fundamental to a safe blood transfusion. The present study aimed to assess the current status of procedures and equipment for pretransfusion tests at small- and medium-sized medical institutions, as well as to use this basic raw data to better manage blood transfusions at these institutions. METHODS: Offline and online questionnaire surveys were performed at institutions that used between 24 and 1,000 units of blood products in 2014. A total of 338 institutions participated, and the survey results were subsequently analyzed. RESULTS: Among 307 institutions where on-site ABO blood typing was performed, 15.0%, 2.1%, and 43.5% did not conduct ABO serum typing, RhD typing, and irregular antibody screening tests, respectively, and 12.8% only conducted the saline phase for crossmatching. Moreover, among 338 institutions, only 66.7% of blood banks had centrifuges, 84.5% had 37℃ incubators, 41.1% had slide view boxes; in addition, 66.1% and 18.6% had refrigerators and deep freezers, respectively, for blood storage. CONCLUSION: Certain small- and medium-sized institutions did not have the essential equipment required to operate as blood banks. Moreover, they also needed to improve their testing procedures. To address these issues, the initiation of systematic training programs and the employment of institutional strategies are necessary to enhance testing procedures and equipment, respectively.


Subject(s)
Blood Banks , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Blood Transfusion , Education , Employment , Incubators , Korea , Mass Screening
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