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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904815

ABSTRACT

@#The endocrown, a modified overlay or crown, is considered to have the advantages of adhesive retention and mechanical retention. Marginal adaptation and mechanical strength are common criteria for evaluating endocrowns. This review studied these aspects of endocrowns to guide further clinical application. Results from previous academic studies indicate that endocrowns made of different materials, such as glass-based ceramics, zirconia-based ceramics and resin-based ceramics, exhibit clinically acceptable marginal adaptation. Zirconia is a common dental material, but when used in endocrowns, it tends to present a risk of irreparable tooth root fractures. Compared with products manufactured with zirconia, endocrowns manufactured with resin-based ceramics and glass-based ceramics, such as lithium disilicate ceramics, do not tend to cause irreparable results, such as tooth root fracture, but their mechanical strengths are not as good as those of zirconia. At the same time, the tooth prepration design such as the types of endocrowns, the pulp chamber extension depth and angles, the endocrown thickness can influence the mechanical strength of endocrowns as well. Compared with traditional zirconia, self-glazed zirconia, a new type of material used to restore defective teeth, has the similar elasticity modulus(210 GPa)and better aesthetic advantages, and is suitable for short crown patients with insufficient occlusal space. Further study is warranted to improve the performance of endocrowns made from ceramic materials to prevent root fracture.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942767

ABSTRACT

@#With the deepening of research in oral microbiomics, an important relationship between changes in the oral microbiome and orthodontic treatment has been found. Orthodontic treatment will have an impact on the oral and systemic microbiome. The presence of oral appliances can change the quantity and quality of the oral microbiometo and increase the risk of oral and even systemic diseases in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Compared with fixed orthodontic treatment, clear aligners will not have a harmful impact on the structure of the oral microbiome, which is more conducive to maintain oral health during the orthodontic treatment process. In addition, different bracket types and materials can lead to different changes in the oral microbiome, and the occurrence and development of orthodontic-related diseases, such as white spot lesions, dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis, are also related to changes in the oral microbiome. At present, the role of the oral microbiome in the process of orthodontic treatment needs to be further studied. Whether a change in the oral microbiome caused by orthodontic treatment can be restored after orthodontic treatment is still uncertain and needs more research. This paper reviews the research progress on the application of microbiomics in orthodontics, including the impact of fixed appliances and clear aligners on the microbiome and the relationship between orthodontic-related diseases and the oral microbiome.

3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210373

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study was to analyze the association among ES, VEGF,Microvessel Density (MVD),clinicopathologic characteristics, angiogenesis and prognosis of OSCC. Methods: Eight normal samples of oral epithelia and 52 Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) samples were analyzed by immunohistochemical evaluation to study the expression and significance of Endostatin (ES) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) during the development of OSCC. Results: Statisticallysignificant differences were found as p<0.05 between VEGF expressions and clinicopathologic stages of OSCC and as p<0.01 between VEGF expressions and lymph node metastases of OSCC. And Statisticallysignificant discrepancy was also found as p<0.05 between MVD and differentiation degrees and lymphnode metastases of OSCC, as well asp<0.01 between VEGF expressions andMVD. Additionally MVD increased gradually in accordance with the progression of the Cancer. While there was no obvious correlation between ES and VEGF, ES and MVD, as well as between ES and the development of OSCC. Conclusion:By MVD etal evaluation,VEGF is one of the major angiogenesis factors for angiogenesis and lymphonodemetastasis of oral carcinomas, as an important indicator for the development and malignancy of OSCC,while ES is of significance for anti-angiogenesis in tumor therapy

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745354

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of rapid rehabilitation surgical procedures on recovery and stress response in patients undergoing hepatectomy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 60 patients with liver resection in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2012 to December 2015,40 males and 20 females.According to the rehabilitation method,it was divided into intervention group (n=30) and control group (n=30).The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative complications,and interleukin-6 (IL-6),C-reactive protein (CRP),and white blood cell count (WBC) on days 1st,3rd,and 5 th before and after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results Both groups completed the operation successfully.There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss and operation time between the two groups (P>0.05).The duration of postoperative ventilation and postoperative hospitalization in the intervention group was less than that in the control group,and the incidence of postoperative complications (23.3% vs.50.0%) and the first and second day after surgery were lower than those in the control group,with statistically significant differences (P<0.05).On the first,third and fifth days after surgery,IL-6 and CRP in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group,respectively (64.96± 24.10) μg/L vs.(286.74±67.98) μg/L,(60.52±18.31)μg/L vs.(162.33±52.62) μg/L,(31.61± 9.42) μg/L vs.(77.44±24.54)μg/L and (24.64±17.45) mg/L vs.(41.46±20.79) mg/L,(81.11± 36.58) mg/L vs.(117.23±44.80) mg/L,(44.90±22.31) mg/L vs.(65.27±38.05) mg/L,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The concept of rapid rehabilitation surgery applied to patients with hepatectomy can reduce postoperative stress response,reduce postoperative complications,and accelerate the recovery process.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710596

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of fast track surgery (FTS) in laparoscopic hepatectomy.Methods The clinical data of 142 patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resection from January 2014 to January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.74 patients received fast track surgery treatment (FTS group) and 68 patients received traditional treatment methods (control group).Results Compared with control group,FTS group had a shorter operative time and less blood lose (t =2.279,t =2.432,P <0.05),quicker postoperative intestinal function recovery (t =3.548,P < 0.05),a shorter postoperative hospitalization time (t =2.821,P < 0.05),a lower hospitalization cost (t =2.507,P < 0.05),a lower postoperative VAS scores (t =3.394,t =3.176,t =7.079,P < 0.05) in 3 post-op successive days.There were 3 patients with major post-op complications in FTS group (4.05%,3/74) compared with 4 cases in control group (5.88%,4/68) (x2 =0.253,P > 0.05).Conclusion The application of fast track surgery in laparoscopic liver resection is safe and effective,and helpful in reducing patients' inhospital cost.

6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 27: 63-69, May. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010394

ABSTRACT

Background: Defense-related anti-oxidative response is a vital defense mechanism of plants against pathogen invasion. Ralstonia solanacearum is an important phytopathogen. Bacterial wilt caused by R. solanacearum is the most destructive disease and causes severe losses in patchouli, an important aromatic and medicinal plant in Southeast Asia. The present study evaluated the defense response of patchouli inoculated with virulent R. solanacearum. Results: Results showed that the basic enzymatic activities differed not only between the leaves and stems but also between the upper and lower parts of the same organ of patchouli. POD, SOD, PPO, and PAL enzymatic activities were significantly elevated in leaves and stems from patchouli inoculated with R. solanacearum compared to those in control. The variation magnitude and rate of POD, PPO, and PAL activities were more obvious than those of SOD in patchouli inoculated with R. solanacearum. PAGE isoenzymatic analysis showed that there were one new POD band and two new SOD bands elicited, and at least two isoformic POD bands and two SOD bands were observably intensified compared to the corresponding control. Conclusion: Our results suggest that not only defense-related enzymatic activities were elevated but also the new isoenzymatic isoforms were induced in patchouli inoculated with R. solanacearum.


Subject(s)
Ralstonia solanacearum/pathogenicity , Pogostemon/enzymology , Pogostemon/microbiology , Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Virulence , Catechol Oxidase/metabolism , Peroxidase/metabolism , Ralstonia solanacearum/physiology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzymes/immunology , Enzymes/metabolism , Native Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis , Pogostemon/immunology , Antioxidants
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822212

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To evaluate the effects and clinical application of molar intrusion with a new mandibular molar intrusion appliance.@*Methods @#7 patients who needed mandibular molars intrusion to correct open-bite were selected. To evaluate effects of molar intrusion, clinical examination, dental model analysis and aphalometric analysis by Winceph 7.0 software were used before and after intrusion treatment, SPSS 17.0 software was used for data analysis. @*Results @#All the mandibular molars were intruded successfully in an average time of 4.0 months. Cephalometric analysis before and after treatment showed that the average amount of mandibular first molars intrusion were (1.92 ± 0.44) mm.The vertical distance to the reference plane (MP plane) per and post treatment was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The average amount of maxillary first molar intrusion was (0.36 ± 0.25) mm, with no significant difference in vertical distances to reference plane (PP plane) (P > 0.05). No signs of root resorption was obsersed in radiograph of the intruded mandibular molars.@*Conclusion @#The new mandibular molar intrusion appliance has a remarkable clinical effect in correcting anterior open bite without obvious periodontal tissue damage and root resorption. teeth intrusion with the new appliance has a significant effect without apparent destruction of the periodontal tissue and root resorption.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1864-1868, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660170

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the protein expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase-interacting kinase-2 (Mnk2) and its prognostic effect in the patients with resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).METHODS:A total of 86 informative patients with surgically resected ESCC and 54 normal esophageal tissues were enrolled .Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were utilized to assess the protein expression of Mnk 2, and its correlation with prog-nosis was statistically analyzed by the methods of Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox proportional hazard mode .RESULTS:The protein expression of Mnk 2 was elevated in most of tumor tissues compared with the adjacent tissues .Clinicopathologic analysis showed that Mnk2 expression was significantly correlated with the TNM stage (P<0.05).Both disease-free sur-vival ( DFS) and overall survival ( OS) of Mnk2 over-expression patients were shorter than those in Mnk 2 negative expres-sion group.Multivariate analysis confirmed that Mnk2 expression, as an independent and significant factor for both DFS and OS, predicted a poor prognosis of the patients with resected ESCC (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of Mnk2 was significantly related to the TNM stages , and might be a novel predictor for prognosis in ESCC .

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1864-1868, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657763

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the protein expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase-interacting kinase-2 (Mnk2) and its prognostic effect in the patients with resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).METHODS:A total of 86 informative patients with surgically resected ESCC and 54 normal esophageal tissues were enrolled .Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were utilized to assess the protein expression of Mnk 2, and its correlation with prog-nosis was statistically analyzed by the methods of Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox proportional hazard mode .RESULTS:The protein expression of Mnk 2 was elevated in most of tumor tissues compared with the adjacent tissues .Clinicopathologic analysis showed that Mnk2 expression was significantly correlated with the TNM stage (P<0.05).Both disease-free sur-vival ( DFS) and overall survival ( OS) of Mnk2 over-expression patients were shorter than those in Mnk 2 negative expres-sion group.Multivariate analysis confirmed that Mnk2 expression, as an independent and significant factor for both DFS and OS, predicted a poor prognosis of the patients with resected ESCC (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of Mnk2 was significantly related to the TNM stages , and might be a novel predictor for prognosis in ESCC .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608729

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effects of melatonin against spinal cord injury from seawater immersion in rabbits.Methods The 120 mature and health New Zealand White rabbits,weight range from 2.6 to 2.9kg,were randomly divided into four groups (30 each):control group,ethanol group,melatonin group (100mg/kg),methylPrednisolone group (30mg/kg).The rabbit model of spinal cord injury were built by modified Allen's method taking the 10th thoracic vertebra as a center,seawater immersion for 60 minutes,and then by grouping to give the appropriate treatment.After each group was given the corresponding treatment,six rabbits in each group were randomly selected at 1,6,12,24 and 48 hours five different time points.The neurological function scores of the rabbits were evaluated by Tarlov method,the spinal cord ofT9 to T.which were obtained from all the groups were used for further study,including immunohistochemical detection of apoptosis proteins:Bax,Bcl-2,neurofilament protein 200 (NF200) and in situ end labeling (TUNEL) method to detect spinal neuronal cell apoptosis.Results Within each observation time point,the Tarlov score was higher in melatonin group and methylprednisolone group compared with control group and ethanol group (P<0.05),there was no significant difference between melatonin group and methylprednisolone group (P>0.05).The expressions of Bcl-2 and NF200 were significantly higher in melatonin group and methylprednisolone group compared with control group and ethanol group,while Bax expression was significantly lower (P<0.05).There were no significant difference between melatonin group and methylprednisolone group in the expression of three proteins (P>0.05).The TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells were fewer in melatonin group and methylprednisolone group compared with control group and ethanol group (P<0.05),and there was no significant difference between melatonin group and methylprednisolone group (P>0.05).Conclusion Melatonin has protective effect against spinal cord injury from seawater immersion in rabbits,no difference in efficacy exists compare with methylprednisolone.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466307

ABSTRACT

Fast tract surgery (FTS) has been implemented in different fields of surgery to attenuate the surgical stress response and accelerate recovery.Liver resection is the preferred treatment for a variety of primary and secondary liver tumors.However,liver resection is associated with severe stress response and higher rate of postoperative morbidity and mortality.Fast tract surgery has been reported to accelerate recovery following liver resection.In this review,we summarize the recent progress of fast tract surgery in liver resection.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1153-1156,1161, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600441

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an appropriate and simple decellularization protocol for preparing decellularized liver bio-logical scaffold(DLBS) .Methods Through immune-ofluorescence analysis ,scanning electron microscope ,quantification of Glyco-samin-oglycans(GAGs) and DNA ,we evaluated the effectiveness of low concentrations of SDS(0 .25% ,0 .50% ) and 1% Triton X-100 in the preservation of extracellular matrix of rat livers .Then ,we assessed Cytotoxicity of DLBS treated with three methods by MTT assay .Results Residual DNA after SDS(0 .25% ,0 .50% ) treatments were below 50 ng/mg dry weight ,which were less than Triton X-100 treatments .The content of GAGs in the 0 .25% SDS and 1% Triton X-100-treated scaffolds were higher than other detergent-treated scaffolds .The result of MTT assay showed that the liver scaffolds treated with three methods were not cytotoxic to proliferation of C3A cells .Conclusion The protocol containing 0 .25% SDS and a perfusion rate of 5 mL/min could be a rapid and effective decellularization protocol .DLBS constructed using this protocol could be an ideal material for preparing a transplant-able organ .

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 559-564, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273141

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors influencing the steady transmission of leprosy as indicated by new case detection rate in Qiubei county, Yunnan province, China despite the implementation of MDT for the last 25 years. Methods Information related to case-finding was collected. ELISA and PCR were applied to detect anti-PGL-1 antibody in sera and Mycobacterium leprae in nasal secretions respectively, in leprosy patients, their household contacts and the general population. M. leprae by PCR was also detected from water in the highly endemic villages. VNTR typing was performed to explore the mode and chain of transmission of M. leprae. Results Prior to 2001, the proportion of new cases detected from the examination of household contacts of leprosy patients was low (number, compared to), while the proportion of patients whose identification was delayed by more than 2 years, was high (number, compared to). Qualities of these two indicators has been improved, along with the improvement of leprosy control program since 2001, but the detection rates has been steady at 4-5/ 100 000 during 1986-2010. The PGL-1 seropositivity rate was 20%-30% in general population, with the peak rate (30%) detected in the teenage population in the endemic villages. In addition to the fact that M. leprae was detected in nasal secretion from patients, their contacts and from water, the M. leprae VNTR genotypes were found to be highly similar between skin biopsy and nasal secretion in untreated cases. Families with multi-cases were clustered and located in the Northern part of the County, and the genotypes of M. leprae were identical within those families. The percentage of clusters was considerably higher in Northern rather than Southern parts of the County. Conclusion Results from this molecular study demonstrated evidence that transmission of leprosy within the families and in the endemic-villages was severe. M. leprae were detected in waters from the endemic villages and others areas which might have a relation to the continued transmission of leprosy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230186

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the anti-hepatic fibrosis mechanisms of salvianolic acid B (SA-B).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) isolated from rats were primarily cultured in uncoated plastic culture dish for 7 days, then were incubated with 10(-6) mmol/L SA-B and stimulated with 10 ng/ml transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) or platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Expressions of extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) and its phosphorylation in HSC, and expressions of TGF beta1, receptor I (TbetaR I) and II (TbetaR II) and PDGF receptor beta (PDGFR-beta) on the surface of HSC induced by TGF-beta1 or PDGF-BB were detected with Western blot assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SA-B inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in HSC primary normally cultivated for 9 days stimulated or un-stimulated by TGF-beta1, but could not affect the expressions of TbetaR I and TbetaR II on the HSC surface; it down-regulated the expression of PDGFR-beta, but had no obvious effect on the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in those HSC stimulated or un-stimulated by PDGF-BB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SA-B inhibits the ERK signal transduction induced by TGF-beta1 in HSC, which is independent of the expressions of TbetaR on HSC surface and also free from the ERK signal transduction stimulated by PDGF-BB. And its inhibition on PDGF-BB signal transduction in HSC is by way of restraining the expression of PDGFR in HSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 471-474, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250192

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibiting effect of salianic-acid B (SA-B) on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Signaling in activated rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HSCs were isolated from normal rat by in situ perfusion and Nycodenz density-gradient centrifugation method. HSCs were primarily cultured on uncoated plastic for 7 days. Then cells were stimulated with 10ng/ml transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) after incubated with 10-6 M/L SA-B. The effects of SA-B on Extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) expression and its phosphorylation. Transforming growth factor beta1 receptor I (TbetaR I) and transforming growth factor beta1 receptor II (TbetaR II) on HSCs, type I collagen expression in HSC Induced by TGF-beta1 were detected with western blot assay. Quantity of Type I collagen in the medium of HSCs was detected by ELISA. Matrix metalloproteinase 2, 9, 13 (MMP-2, MMP-9 and MMP-13) in the medium of HSCs was tested by Zymography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in HSCs with or without TGF-beta1 was inhibited by SA-B. The expression of TbetaR I and TbetaR II on HSCs can not be affected by SA-B. The synthesization of Type I collagen in HSCs was decreased by SA-B; The synthesization and secretion of type I collagen in HSCs with TGF-beta1 were reduced by SA-B too. SA-B had no effect on the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-13, but induced the activity of MMP-13.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SA-B inhibits ERK signaling induced by TGF-b1 in HSC. This inhibition has no association with the expression of TbetaR I and TbetaR II on HSCs. SA-B reduces the synthesization and secretion of Type I collagen in HSC by means of inhibiting TGF-beta1 signaling, which might be not related to the degrading activities of MMPs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Liver , Cell Biology , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Pharmacology
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