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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#G-banded karyotyping analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) were used to detect the genetic variants within the family, and the origin of the variants was analyzed using UPDtool Statistics software.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 26-year-old female, was found to have a chromosomal karyotype of 46,XX,dup(4)(q28.2q31.3),and SNP array revealed a 25.71 Mb duplication at 4q28.2-q31.3. The duplication was inherited from her father, and her fetus was found to carry the same duplication.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of the patient probably underlay the mental retardation. The gender of the carrier and parental origin of the duplication might have led to the variation in their clinical phenotype.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Banding , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pedigree , Trisomy/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the risk of pregnancy recurrence of women with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) birth history in families with new DMD gene mutations, clarify the laws of DMD gene mutations and discuss the mode of genetic counseling in such families.Methods:Collected DMD families from January 2013 to December 2017 in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital. Firstly, the 79 exons of DMD gene were analyzed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in DMD patients and their mothers. The families that DMD patients with DMD gene mutations but no mutations in their mothers were selected for this study, and then MLPA combined with STR-gene linkage analysis were used to perform prenatal diagnosis for females in these DMD gene new mutation families.Results:A total of 64 families with new DMD gene mutations were included in this study. All mutations were DMD gene exon deletion mutations. A total of 65 fetuses were conducted prenatal diagnosis, included 26 SRY negative, 39 SRY positive; 63 fetuses′ DMD gene normal and 2 fetues′ DMD gene with exon deletion mutations. The results of postpartum follow-up and prenatal diagnosis were consistent.Conclusions:Exon mutations in newly mutated DMD families were mainly manifested as exon deletion, mainly presented in the 45-55 exon region. For families with new DMD mutations, even if there is no DMD gene mutation in women which had reproductive history of DMD, prenatal diagnosis for DMD during pregnancy was still recommended.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of array comparative genomic hybridization(aCGH) in the unexpected detection of Duchenne muscular dystrophy ( DMD) gene duplication/deletion in prenatal diagnosis. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 cases with DMD gene duplication/deletion detected by aCGH among 5 025 prenatal diagnosis samples without family history of DMD in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was used to verify the above results. The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guideline was referred for pathogenicity analysis of the detected duplicates/deletions. Descriptive analysis was adopted in analysis. Results:The total unexpected DMD gene duplication/deletion rate was 0.62% (31/5 025), among which 25 cases were with microduplication/microdeletion ≤ 200 kb and six were >200 kb; there were 24 cases of deletion, seven cases of duplication; exon or intron duplication/deletion were accounted for 19 and 12 cases, respectively. According to the five classification standards of ACMG guideline, there were 17 cases with pathogenic variants and 14 cases with uncertain pathogenicity/likely benign variants. Of the 19 with exon mutations, 17 cases were DMD intragenic variants, and two cases involved variants in and outside DMD gene, which were verified by MLPA whose results were all positive. Conclusions:The duplication/deletion of exon region of DMD gene detected by aCGH technique is accurate and reliable, which plays an important role in the diagnosis of DMD. For these cases involved both internal and external regions of DMD gene, aCGH can identify the upstream and downstream breaking points of DMD gene, thus providing the basis for ACMG grading.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1880-1892, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887015

ABSTRACT

As a key signal transduction molecule involved in the innate immune response, stimulator of interferon genes (STING) is triggered by cytosolic DNA from pathogen and host origins, and plays an important role in inducing the secretion of type I interferons and proinflammatory cytokines, thereby defending against viral and intracellular bacterial infections and regulating the production of spontaneous antitumor immune responses in vivo. Thus, STING agonists have shown useful therapeutic effects for pathogen infection and cancer. In the past decade research on STING and its agonists has progressed rapidly. Here, we summarize recent advances in the structure and activation of STING and the mechanism of the cGAS-STING pathway. In particular, we review research advances of STING agonists, analyze the crystal structure of STING in complex with its agonists and the structure-activity relationship of STING agonists, and summarize the strong challenges of developing STING agonists.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate (NSCLP).@*METHODS@#With informed consent obtained, members of the pedigree were subjected to clinical examination and history taking to exclude syndromic cleft lip and palate. One affected member was subjected to whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and co-segregation analysis of her family members and 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*RESULTS@#Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis showed that all affected members of this pedigree have carried a heterozygous missense c.253A>G (p.Cys85Arg) variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene, which has co-segregated with the phenotype and was not found among the 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense c.253A>G variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene probably underlay the NSCLP in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Brain/abnormalities , China , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Female , Humans , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Whole Exome Sequencing
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2033-2038, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the molecular pathogenesis by analysis of phenotype and gene mutation in families with hereditary coagulation factor V (FⅤ) defect caused by complex heterozygous mutation.@*METHODS@#Plasma pro-thrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), FⅤ procoagulant activity (FⅤ∶C), FⅤ antigen (FⅤ∶Ag), and other related coagulation indexes were detected in the proband and his family members (3 generations 10 people). Using DNA direct sequencing to analyze all exons, flanks, 5' and 3' untranslated regions of F5 genes and the corresponding mutation site regions of family members, the mutation site was confirmed by reverse sequencing.The conservation of mutant amino acids was analyzed by ClustalX-2.1-win software. The PROVEAN and MutationTaster online bioinformatics software were used to predict the effect of mutation on protein function. Protein model and amino acid interaction at mutation sites was analyzed by Swiss-pdbviewer software.@*RESULTS@#The PT and APTT of the proband were significantly prolonged compared with healthy controls (34.2 vs 13.2 s and 119.3 vs 36.0 s), while FⅤ∶C and FⅤ∶Ag extremely reduced (3% and 6%). The PT and APTT of the second-born, the third son, daughter, and grandson of the proband were slightly prolonged, and the FⅤ∶C and FⅤ∶Ag decreased to varying degrees. The related coagulant parameters of other family members were within normal range. Genetic analysis revealed that the proband had a c.911G>A heterozygous missense mutation on the exon 6 lead to p.Gly276Glu, and a c.5343C>G heterozygous missense mutation on the exon 16 lead to p.Ser1781Arg of the proband. The second-born, the third son, and grandson of the proband carry p.Gly276Glu heterozygotes, and the daughter carries p.Ser1781Arg heterozygotes, while the other family members were wild-type. The results of conservative analysis indicated that p.Gly276 and p.Ser1781 were highly conserved in homologous species. The two bioinformatics software predicted the same results, PROVEAN (score -6.214 and -12.79) indicated that the compound heterozygous mutation was a harmful mutation; MutationTaster (score 0.976 and 0.999) suggested that these mutations might cause corresponding disease. p.Gly276Glu protein model analysis showed that, the Glu side chain was prolonged and the molecular weight became larger, which would increase the steric hindrance between it and the surrounding amino acids, affect the normal local folding of the FⅤ protein, and eventually lead to the decrease of protein activity and content. This paper can not provide analysis of the spatial structure of p.Ser1781Arg mutant protein because of the lack of X ray 3 D structure file of FⅤ exon 16.@*CONCLUSION@#The new compound heterozygous mutations (p.Gly276Glu and p.Ser1781Arg) identified in this study are the main reasons for the decrease in the FⅤ level of the family, among which p.Ser1781Arg is rarely reported at home and abroad.


Subject(s)
Factor V/genetics , Family , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843125

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application effect of balloon dilatation and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) combined with pneumatic and ultrasound lithotripsy on the clinical treatment of unilateral kidney stones. Methods: Ninety-four patients with unilateral kidney stones who accepted PCNL in the Department of Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from June 2017 to July 2019, were retrospectively analyzed and divided into group A and group B. Among them, 68 patients (group A) were subjected to balloon dilatation combined with pneumatic and ultrasound lithotripsy, while 26 patients (group B) underwent fascia dilatation combined with holmium laser lithotripsy. The clinical effects of two kinds of lithotripsy on the treatment of unilateral kidney stones were compared. Results: The operation time was shorter in group A than that in group B [(107.82±10.87) min vs (115.41±10.68) min, P=0.003]. The increase rate of postoperative white blood cell (WBC) was lower in group A than that in group B (4.41% vs 23.08%, P=0.018). The fever ( ≥ 38.5 ℃ ) rate was lower in group A than that in group B (4.41% vs 23.08%, P=0.018). There were no significant differences in hemoglobin reduction, WBC count, hospital stay, stone-free rate, blood transfusion rate and perforation rate of collection system between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Balloon dilatation combined with pneumatic and ultrasound lithotripsy in treatment of unilateral renal stones by PCNL can shorten the operation time, and reduce the increase rate of postoperative WBC and fever rate, which is worthy of being promoted in the clinical treatment of patients with unilateral kidney stones.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with supravalvular aortic stenosis.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to conventional G-banding karyotyping, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and his parents. aCGH has identified a de novo 278 kb deletion encompassing the ELN gene in 7q11.23, which overlapped with the critical region of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). MLPA has confirmed above findings.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband was diagnosed with atypical WBS. Deletion of the ELN gene may predispose to supravalvular aortic stenosis in the proband.


Subject(s)
Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Williams Syndrome , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*Methods@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2c.5798+ 1G and pCAS2c.5798+ 1A plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*Results@#The proband was found to carry a c. 5798+ 1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*Conclusion@#The novel c. 5798+ 1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2(c.5798+1G) and pCAS2(c.5798+1A) plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Plasmids , RNA Splicing , Spectrin , Genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Genetics , Transfection
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for 90 families affected with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), and discuss the necessity for carrier screening.@*METHODS@#All families were subjected to multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis. Combined MLPA and allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was used for prenatal diagnosis of the pregnant women.@*RESULTS@#Among the 90 couples, 84 (93%) had a negative family history, 85 (94%) had given birth to an affected child before. Eighty-five husbands and 88 wives carried heterozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene. Two wives had homozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene and were affected. Prenatal diagnosis showed that 19 fetuses were SMA patients, 48 fetuses were carriers, and 23 fetuses were normal. Of note, eighteen affected fetuses were conceived by couples without a family history, which accounted for 20% of all pregnancies and 95% of all affected fetuses.@*CONCLUSION@#To screen SMA carriers using MLPA and carry out prenatal diagnosis using combined MLPA and AS-PCR can ensure accurate diagnosis, which has a significant value for the prevention of SMA affected births.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1681-1688, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802626

ABSTRACT

Background@#Brachydactyly, a developmental disorder, refers to shortening of hands/feet due to small or missing metacarpals/metatarsals and/or phalanges. Isolated brachydactyly type E (BDE), characterized by shortened metacarpals and/or metatarsals, consists in a small proportion of patients with Homeobox D13 (HOXD13) or parathyroid-hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) mutations. BDE is often accompanied by other anomalies that are parts of many congenital syndromes. In this study, we investigated a Chinese family presented with BDE combined with pectus carinatum and short stature.@*Methods@#A four-generation Chinese family was recruited in June 2016. After informed consent was obtained, venous blood was collected, and genomic DNA was extracted by standard procedures. Whole-exome sequencing was performed to screen pathogenic mutation, array comparative genomic hybridization (Array-CGH) analysis was used to analyze copy number variations, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), stride over breakpoint PCR (gap-PCR), and Sanger sequencing were performed to confirm the candidate variation.@*Results@#A 3.06-Mb deletion (chr12:25473650–28536747) was identified and segregated with the phenotype in this family. The deletion region encompasses 23 annotated genes, one of which is PTHLH which has been reported to be causative to the BDE. PTHLH is an important regulator of endochondral bone development. The affected individuals showed bilateral, severe, and generalized brachydactyly with short stature, pectus carinatum, and prematurely fusion of epiphyses. The feature of pectus carinatum has not been described in the PTHLH-related BDE patients previously.@*Conclusions@#The haploinsufficiency of PTHLH might be responsible for the disease in this family. This study has expanded the knowledge on the phenotypic presentation of PTHLH variation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children.@*Methods@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed.@*Results@#No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P = 0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1970-1973, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756898

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the efficacy of intravitreal injection of modified low-dose of triamcinolone acetonide(TA)in the treatment of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema(PCME).<p>METHODS: Retrospective study. Totally 12 eyes of 12 patients with PCME in our hospital were received intravitreal injection with modified low doses of TA from 2015-01 to 2018-12. The TA suspension was firstly resuspended by intraocular irrigating solution through 0.22um pore filter, then the new TA suspension(2mg/0.05mL)was injected intravitreally. The best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT), intraocular pressure(IOP), and other side effects were recorded at 2wk, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after injection, then compared the data with pre-injection(baseline)information.<p>RESULTS: After intravitreal injection of modified low dose TA, all patients got improved BCVA and alleviated CMT, as compare to the baseline data, and the difference was statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05), but the difference of IOP was not significant(<i>P</i>>0.05). All patients had no recorded ocular or systemic complication.<p>CONCLUSION: Intravitreal injection of modified low-dose TA is effective and safe for PCME, without significant increase in IOP. It's an affordable substitution to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(anti-VEGF)agents. This still needs to be confirmed by the long-term follow-up study with large samples.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734947

ABSTRACT

We reported the prenatal molecular diagnosis and pregnant outcome of a fetus with increased nuchal translucency.The ultrasound findings of the gravida at 12+5 gestational weeks indicated that the fetal nuchal translucency thickness was 4.5 mm,and non-invasive prenatal testing suggested as low risk.Amniocentesis was performed at 18 gestational weeks.Fetal chromosomal karyotype was normal but chromosome microarray comparative genomic hybridization analysis identified a 1.878 Mb deletion on chromosome 2p15-16.1.No copy number variation was found in the parents.The microdeletion was also verified by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification.Literature reported that chromosome 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion syndrome was characterized by mental retardation,language developmental disorder,microcephaly and so on.This case we reported here was a de novo 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion which contained the critical region and genes of 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion syndrome and was inferred to be a pathogenetic mutation.The gravida chose to terminate the pregnancy after genetic consultation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic diagnosis for a pedigree affected with cutis laxa.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from members of the pedigree and 50 unrelated healthy controls. Potential mutation was screened by next-generation sequencing and verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous c.1985delG mutation was identified in the ELN gene among all patients from this pedigree. The same mutation was not found among unaffected family members and 50 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic etiology for the pedigree has been elucidated, which has enabled genetic counseling and guidance for reproduction.


Subject(s)
Cutis Laxa , Genetics , Elastin , Genetics , Heterozygote , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).@*METHODS@#Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect potential deletion and duplication of the Dystrophin gene. Haplotype analysis was performed using five short tandem repeat polymorphism loci (3'-STR, 5'-STR, 45-STR, 49-STR, 50-STR of the DMD gene.@*RESULTS@#A same deletional mutation (exons 51-55) of the DMD gene was detected in two brothers but not in their mother. The patients and fetus have inherited different haplotypes of the Dystrophin gene from their mother, suggesting that the fetus was unaffected.@*CONCLUSION@#The mother was very likely to harbor germline mosaicism for the Dystrophin gene variant. Genetic testing of peripheral blood samples cannot rule out germline mosaicism in the mother. Prenatal diagnosis should be provided for subsequent pregnancies in this family.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin , Genetics , Exons , Female , Gene Deletion , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Male , Mosaicism , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P=0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Child , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776111

ABSTRACT

Thoracic outlet syndrome(TOS) are constellation of symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle including the brachial plexus, the subclavian artery and the subclavian vein at the thoracic outlet region. It includes neurogenic TOS, venus TOS, arterial TOS, and neurogenic TOS is the most common type. TOS has varied manifestations and lack of confirmatory testing, therefore, the diagnosis should be conbination with thorough history, physical examination and associated supplementary examinations. Conservative and surgical treatment can be choosed for TOS and the outcomes are generally good. Conservative management is the initial treatment strategy for neurogenic TOS. In cases of symptomatic vascular TOS and neurovascular TOS, which has been failed by conservative treatment, surgery should be considered more promptly.


Subject(s)
Brachial Plexus , Conservative Treatment , Humans , Physical Examination , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome , Diagnosis , Therapeutics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a family affected with distal hereditary motor neuronopathy V (dHMN V).@*METHODS@#Potential mutations of the GARS and BSCL2 genes were analyzed with PCR and Sanger sequencing. Suspected mutation was verified among unaffected members of the family and 100 healthy controls. Prenatal diagnosis was provided based on the above results.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing analysis has identified a heterozygous c.269C>T (p.S90L) mutation in the BSCL2 gene, which resulted in replacement of Serine (TCG) to Leucine (TTG). The same mutation was found in all other 3 patients from the pedigree but not among unaffected members or the 100 healthy controls. By prenatal diagnosis, the fetus did not carry the above mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#Pathogenic mutation of BSCL2 gene probably underlies the dHMN V in this pedigree, which enabled prenatal diagnosis for the proband.


Subject(s)
Female , GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits , Humans , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
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