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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 156-164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The medical records of 229 patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands who were admitted to Zhejiang Quhua Hospital from January 2008 to December 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were collected. The following statistical data of patients were collected, including gender, age, type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, injury site, total burn area, prehospital time, length of hospital stay, length of wound healing, whether hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia occurred or not on admission, whether surgery intervention was performed or not, and whether scar sequelae occurred or not. Single factor and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Single factor and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Results: The 229 patients included 206 males and 23 females, with the majority aged 30 to 50 years (139 patients). The type of affiliated enterprise of majority patients was non-fluorine chemical enterprise. The hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known in only 91 patients, mainly medium. The majority injury site was in the middle and end of finger. The total burn area was below or equal to 1% total body surface area. The prehospital time was 19 (9, 29) h. The length of hospital stay was 2 (1, 7) d. The length of wound healing was 12 (8, 18) d. The proportions of hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia were 0.9% (2/229) and 1.3% (3/229) on admission, respectively. Thirty-six patients had surgeries and 83 patients had scar sequelae. In 229 patients, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting surgery intervention (with odds ratio values of 7.86 and 51.35, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.83-33.76 and 11.89-221.78, respectively, P<0.01) and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 3.62 and 27.40, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.76-7.43 and 13.25-56.68, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prehospital time was the independent risks factor impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 43.00 and 24.55, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 9.89-187.03 and 11.78-51.16, respectively, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 6.16 and 12.83, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 3.38-8.93 and 10.72-14.93, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 2.81 and 12.16, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.50-5.13 and 10.00-14.31, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). In 91 patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 9.10, 11.25, 10.69, and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.15-72.25, 1.39-90.93, 1.32-86.59, and 0.01-0.19, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, and prehospital time were all the factors impacting scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 0.32, 0.21, and 36.80, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.11-0.92, 0.06-0.73, and 11.03-122.79, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 11.51 and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.22-108.26 and 0.01-0.25, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), prehospital time was the independent risk factor impacting scar sequelae of patients (odds ratio=37.71, with 95% confidence interval of 9.97-142.69, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 7.12, -5.63, -9.74, and 13.50, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 2.43-11.81, -10.59--0.68, -14.78--4.70, and 10.14-16.86, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of -5.84 and 0.09, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of -10.59--1.08 and 0.05-0.12, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The majority of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands are young and middle-aged males. Type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time are the risk factors that affect the treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Surface Area , Burns , Female , Humans , Hydrofluoric Acid/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescent in Zhejiang province, and to analyze its distribution of different genders and school types to provide evidence for controlling the use of e-cigarette among adolescent. Methods: A total of 7 663 students from 60 middle schools through stratified multi-stage cluster sampling methods from Zhejiang province were surveyed by using questionnaire. Indicators as tried to use e-cigarette rate, current e-cigarette using rate, and other indicators were collected. All data were weighted by age proportions of adolescent in Zhejiang. Results: The prevalence of tried to use and current using e-cigarettes among middle school students were 6.99% and 1.45%, respectively; and there were 4.19% juniors who were susceptibility to future e-cigarette use. The rate of tied to use e-cigarette, current using e-cigarette and susceptibility to future e-cigarette use were higher in boys than in girls. The rate of current using e-cigarette was 2.07% for rural and 0.48% for urban. Technical secondary school students had the highest rate of tried to use e-cigarette and susceptibility to future e-cigarette use (13.53%, 6.91%). Junior school students (2.96%) had the lowest level of susceptibility to future tobacco use. The rate of tried e-cigarette use and current e-cigarette use and susceptibility to future e-cigarette use were higher in the group of "One of students' parents was smoker" (8.63%, 2.19%, 5.23%). The highest rate of current smoking was found in the group of "Weekly allowance more than 50 Yuan" (10.02%, 2.54%, 6.29%). Compared to technical secondary school students, senior school student (OR=0.57) and junior school students (OR=0.45) were less likely to try to use e-cigarette. Students whose weekly allowance were less than 20 Yuan were less likely to try to use e-cigarette (OR=0.49). Students who were boys (OR=5.44) and one of their parents was smoker (OR=1.59) were more likely to try to use e-cigarette. Conclusions: There were middle school students with tried e-cigarette use and current e-cigarette use, especially in technical secondary schools. The prevalence of e-cigarette using among middle school students increased with age. It is important to further spread of e-cigarette knowledge widely and deeply, and reduce the susceptible population of adolescents using e-cigarettes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , China/epidemiology , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Schools , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tobacco Products , Vaping
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 802-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941356

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the independent risk factors of cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS1) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to build a predictive equation for the development of CRS1 in these patients. Method: Consecutive inpatients with AMI, who hospitalized from January 2017 to December 2018 in the Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, were enrolled in this case-control study. Patients were divided into CRS1 group and non-CRS1 group according to the presence or absence of CRS1.The clinical data were collected through the electronic medical record system of Hunan Provincial People's Hospital. The matching process was conducted with a minimum-distance scoring method and a 1∶1 match between the CRS1 group and the no-CRS1 group, the propensity score was calculated through the logistic regression model. Factors with statistically significant differences in univariate analysis were included in the multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of AMI patients with CRS1, then the independent risk factors were used to establish a predicting equation for CRS1 by logistic regression function for model building. Area under the curve (AUC) value and the best cut-off value of the combined predictors was determined according to the ROC curve. Python 3.8 software was used to perform 10-fold cross-validation on modeling samples. Results: A total of 942 patients were included, there were 113 cases in CRS1 group and 829 cases in non-CRS1 group. Ultimately, 99 CRS1 patients were successfully matched to 99 non-CRS1 patient using 1∶1 matching. After propensity score matching, the baseline age and sex along with heart rate, mean arterial pressure, percentage of people with a history of diabetes, hypertension, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia time, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers use, and β receptor blocker use were similar between the two groups(all P>0.05). The contrast agent dosage was also similar between the two groups (P=0.266). The peak cardiac troponin I (cTnI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), white blood cell count, base estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin and hemoglobin levels were statistically significant between the two groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that decreased baseline eGFR, increased NT-proBNP, peak cTnI concentrations and white blood cell count were independent risk factors of CRS1 in AMI patients (all P<0.01).The predicting equation of the combined predictor was established by transforming the logistic model equation, L=0.031×cTnI+0.000 2×NT-proBNP-0.024×eGFR+0.254×white blood cell count, where L represented the combined predictor. ROC curve analysis indicated that the AUC of the peak cTnI, NT-proBNP, baseline eGFR, white blood cell count, and combined predictor were 0.76, 0.85, 0.79, 0.81, and 0.92 respectively (all P<0.05), and the cutoff value of combined predictor was 2.6. The AUC of ROC curve after the model's ten-fold cross validation was 0.89. Conclusions: Decreased baseline eGFR, increased NT-proBNP, peak cTnI concentrations and white blood cell count are the independent risk factors for CRS1 in AMI patients. The combined predictor equation based on the above 4 biomarkers presents a good predictive value for CRS1 in AMI patients.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1669-1680, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasingly used in advanced gastric cancer, but the effects on safety and survival are still controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the overall survival and short-term surgical outcomes between neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (NACS) and surgery alone (SA) for locally advanced gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) were explored for relative studies from January 2000 to January 2021. The quality of randomized controlled trials and cohort studies was evaluated using the modified Jadad scoring system and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, respectively. The Review Manager software (version 5.3) was used to perform this meta-analysis. The overall survival was evaluated as the primary outcome, while perioperative indicators and post-operative complications were evaluated as the secondary outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Twenty studies, including 1420 NACS cases and 1942 SA cases, were enrolled. The results showed that there were no significant differences in overall survival (P = 0.240), harvested lymph nodes (P = 0.200), total complications (P = 0.080), and 30-day post-operative mortality (P = 0.490) between the NACS and SA groups. However, the NACS group was associated with a longer operation time (P < 0.0001), a higher R0 resection rate (P = 0.003), less reoperation (P = 0.030), and less anastomotic leakage (P = 0.007) compared with SA group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with SA, NACS was considered safe and feasible for improved R0 resection rate as well as decreased reoperation and anastomotic leakage. While unbenefited overall survival indicated a less important effect of NACS on long-term oncological outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886105

ABSTRACT

Ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a mixture consisting of a wide range of chemical constituents including carbonaceous aerosols, water soluble ions and inorganic elements, and has become the major air pollutant in most cities in China. Evidence suggests that exposure to ambient PM2.5 induces damage on the cardiovascular system and can increase risk of the development and mortality of ischemic heart diseases (IHD). However, the effects of exposure to specific PM2.5 constituents on IHD remain unclear, and its underlying mechanisms are yet to be investigated. Here we reviewed studies investigating the association of short- and long-term exposure to specific PM2.5 constituents with IHD, which may provide useful clues for future relevant studies.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 711-715, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between microRNA-497 (miR-497) expression and invasion and metastasis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC).Methods:The expression of miR-497 in 93 CRC patients (CRC group), 30 colorectal adenoma polyps (colorectal adenomatous polyp group) and 30 healthy patients (normal control group)were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR); meanwhile, the content of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was detected by chemiluminescence; After 3 years follow-up, the expression of miR-497 was measured again; the correlation between the expression of miR-497 and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of CRC was analyzed.Results:The expression of miR-497 in CRC group was significantly lower than that at the end of postoperative treatment, adenomatous polyps group and normal control group ( P<0.01), and the content of CEA in CRC group was significantly higher than that at the end of postoperative treatment, adenomatous polyps group and normal control group ( P<0.01); At the end of postoperative treatment, the expression of serum miR-497 in CRC group was lower than that in normal control group ( P<0.05), and the content of serum CEA was higher than that in normal control group ( P<0.05). The diagnosis positive rate of serum miR497 expression in CRC group was significantly higher than that of serum CEA ( P<0.01), and they showed no correlation ( r=0.232, P>0.05). The pre-and post-operative serum miR-497 expression levels in the recurred and metastasis group were significantly lower than those in the no postoperative recurrence and metastasis group ( P<0.01). The preoperative expression of miR-497 was related to the differentiation degree of CRC, tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and survival period ( P<0.01), but not with the age, sex, tumor size and location of the patients ( P>0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that tumor differentiation, TNM stage, preoperative miR-497 expression, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were all independent risk factors influencing prognosis of CRC patients ( P<0.05); The survival rate of 1, 2, 3 years in the miR-497 low expression group was lower than that in the miR-497 high expression group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The preoperative low serum miR-497 expression levels are closely relative with invasion and metastasis and poor prognosis of CRC, and can be a prognostic indicator of CRC. The reduced postoperative serum miR-497 expression levels may be a predictor of the postoperative recurrence and metastasis of CRC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882080

ABSTRACT

Objective to analyze the differences and changes before and after the introduction of supply processing distribution (SPD) supply chain management mode in a public hospital, analyze the typical problems existing in the clinical practice and development of SPD mode, and explore the countermeasures to improve the SPD supply chain management. Methods the changes of 20 management functions before and after the introduction of SPD supply chain management mode were compared. The advantages and disadvantages of SPD management mode were analyzed. The improvement measures and countermeasures were proposed. Results among the 20 management functions, 11 of them were reduced, 5 of them were equal, and 4 of them were increased. The overall efficiency of hospital management was improved. Because the external medicine supplier has not been included in the hospital rules, regulations system and process. The role positioning was not clear. There were defects in institutional and continuous guarantee. Conclusion SPD supply chain management mode can be improved and innovated to promote the supply channel reform of drugs and medical consumables, and improve the fine management level of drugs and medical consumables.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) category with tumor differentiation, Ki67 index, microvascular infiltration, and predictive prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiological data of 178 patients with HCC who were confirmed by histopathological studies after liver resection between January 2015 and September 2020 at Lishui Central Hospital and Lishui People’s Hospital. There were 156 males and 22 females, with age of (57±10) years old. These patients were assessed for LI-RADS categories according to the 2018 version of LI-RADS, and they were divided into 4 groups according to the assessment results: 12 patients with LI-RADS-3 (the LI-RADS-3 group); 26 patients with LI-RADS-4 (the LI-RADS-4 group); 102 patients with LI-RADS-5 (the LI-RADS-5 group); and 38 patients with LI-RADS-M (the LI-RADS-M group). The patients' general information, tumor markers, pathology and other clinical data were recorded. Correlation analysis between the LI-RADS category with pathology was performed by the Kendall's tau-b test. Survival analysis between groups was performed by the Kaplan-Meier analysis. The Cox regression risk model was used to analyze the relationship between these variables with the risk of death.Results:The Kendall's tau-b test showed that LI-RADS category was positively correlated with the degree of tumor differentiation ( t=0.204, P=0.002), but not with microvascular infiltration and Ki 67 index ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for 4.2 to 84.2 months (median follow-up 36.3 months). By the end of follow-up, 31 patients had died and 147 patients were alive. The cumulative 1-year and 3-year survival rates of the LI-RADS-5 group were 97% and 90% respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the LI-RADS-M group (81% and 63%), and the LI-RADS-4 group (96% and 81%), ( P<0.05). The cumulative 1-year and 3-year survival rates of patients in the LI-RADS-3 group were 100% and 67% respectively, and there was no statistically significant difference with the LI-RADS-5 group ( P>0.05). The Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that tumor glycoantigen 199 (>50 μl/ml) to be an independent influencing factor in survival of HCC patients ( HR=0.43, 95% CI: 0.24-0.76, P=0.004). Conclusion:The LI-RADS category of HCC was positively correlated with the degree of tumor differentiation, and patients with HCC meeting the LI-RADS-5 criteria had relatively better prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828049

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharide from Ganoderma applanatum has the activities of anti-tumor and enhancing immune function. There were no reports on antitumor effect of its intratumoral injection. In this study, the polysaccharide was extracted from G. applanatum by water extraction and alcohol precipitation, and purified by ceramic membrane after removing protein by Sevage method. The total polysaccharide content from G. applanatum(PGA)was about 63%. The combination of PGA and paclitaxel showed synergistic effect on cytotoxicity of 4 T1 cells at lower concentrations in vitro. In addition, the growth curve of 4 T1 cells showed that PGA could retard the growth of 4 T1 cells gradually. The PGA thermosensitive gel(PGA-TG)was prepared by using poloxamer 188 and 407. The gel temperature was 36 ℃, and the PGA-TG could effectively slow down the release rate of PGA in vitro. 4 T1 breast cancer-bearing mice were used as a model to evaluate the therapeutic effect of intratumoral injection of PGA combined with tail vein injection of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel(nab-PTX). In high and low dose PGA groups, each mice was given with 2.25, 1.125 mg PGA respectively, twice in total, and the dosage of paclitaxel was 15 mg·kg~(-1), once every 3 days, for a total of five times. The tumor inhibition rate was 29.65% in the high dose PGA-TG group, 58.58% in the nab-PTX group, 63.37% in low dose PGA-TG combined with nab-PTX group, and 68.10% in high dose PGA-TG combined with nab-PTX group respectively. The inhibitory effect in high dose PGA-TG group combined with nab-PTX on tumors was significantly higher than that in nab-PTX group(P<0.05). The results showed that paclitaxel therapy combined with intratumoral injection of PGA-TG could improve the therapeutic effect for 4 T1 mice and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Ganoderma , Mice , Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Poloxamer , Polysaccharides
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828423

ABSTRACT

This work describes the holistic fingerprinting method based on liquid chromatography coupled with charged aerosol detection(CAD) to profile non-saponin from water-soluble parts and determination of dencichine in Panax ginseng(PG), P. quinquefolium(PQ) and P. notoginseng(PNG). Sample extraction was carried out by water with ultra sonication for 30 min, which was eluted by Retain PEP for further analysis. The analysis was performed on a Hypercarb of porous graphitized carbon(3.0 mm×150 mm, 3 μm) column with acetonitrile and 0.1% perfluoropentanoic acid as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Temperature of evaporator and nitrogen pressure for CAD were set at 50 ℃and 60.1 psi(1 psi≈6.895 kPa), respectively. As a result, dencichine and other polar components had a good performance on resolution and retention. The correlation coefficient(R~2) of dencichine was 0.998 2 in the concentration from 0.019 2 to 0.48 μg·mL~(-1). Limit of quantitation calculated by signal to noise of 10 was 7.4 ng·mL~(-1), and the recovery ranged from 95.52% to 102.7%. Chemical profile of the water-soluble part from PG, PQ and PNG was similar holistically, while the relative content for dencichine and other partial components varied significantly. The proposed method was used for characteristic of chemical profiling for non-saponin from water-soluble part, and determination of dencichine in PG, PQ and PNG.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Amino Acids, Diamino , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Panax , Panax notoginseng , Plant Roots , Saponins , Water
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827215

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the targets and synergistic mechanism of Shenfu Decoction (SFD) in the treatment of heart failure. A heart failure animal models was established to evaluate the pharmacological effects of SFD for anti-heart failure, then constructed ingredient-target interaction network by developing ingredient and target databases, the Discovery sdudio software was used for molecular docking. In addition, we validated the predicted protein targets of active ingredients in SFD by using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology. Our results demonstrated that SFD could enhance ejection fraction, alleviate myocardial histopathological characteristics, and reduce the level of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), aldosterone (ALD), atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) and Renin (REN) in heart failure rat model. In addition, the ingredient database including 349 constituents and target database including 236 proteins were established, and 75 proteins were screened and identified by molecular docking strategy. 22 core target proteins were identified through network pharmacology, and the component-core target network was constructed. Finally, the affinity between the compounds and targets were verified by the SPR analysis method. The present study suggested that SFD may act on ACE 2, REN, ACE, ICAM-1, EGF, HTR2B, PARP1, NPPB and other proteins through AC, BAC, ACN, Re, Rg1, Rb1 to exert synergistic effects against heart failure.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825619

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and identify the chemical components in the Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (Nr-CWS), and to determine the contents of monosaccharides accurately. Methods The extract of Nr-CWS was separated and analyzed by UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS method. The chemical components were quickly identified by matching the data with the information in the Metlin database. The monosaccharide contents in the Nr-CWS extract were determined by UHPLC-MS/MS method after derivatization. Results A total of 64 chemical components were identified in the extract of Nr-CWS, including amino acids, monosaccharides and so on. A assay method for 8 monosaccharides by UHPLC-MS/MS was successfully established. The content of arabinose in Nr-CWS was the highest, followed by galactose, which indicated that the main polysaccharide components in Nr-CWS may be composed of these monosaccharides. Conclusion In this study, we analyzed the main chemical components of Nr-CWS, which are amino acids, fatty acids and so on. The content of monosaccharide after polysaccharide hydrolysis was determined by UHPLC-MS/MS. This will lay a foundation for the screening of the active components of Nr-CWS and the study of its pharmacological mechanism.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1897-1902, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825167

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Ro decreased measures of inflammation, aging, oxidants and thrombus formation in a previous study. To measure ginsenoside Ro content in red ginseng from different years, an optimized extraction method was developed to determine ginsenoside Rg1, Re, Rb1 and Ro content by HPLC in 43 batches of red ginseng from different origins, growing years and manufacturers. The results indicate that the best extraction method was to ultrasonify a 1 g sample in 70% methanol for 50 min. The total running time of the optimized gradient was 50 min using a C18 core-shell column and was half the time described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 2015 edition. The separation resolution of all of targeted compounds was greater than 1.6. The peak shape of ginsenoside Ro was optimal when the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and water with 0.1% phosphoric acid. The content of ginsenoside Ro was in the range of 0.11% to 0.43%, and the average content was 0.26%, which was higher than that of ginsenoside Rg1 and Re. The ratio of ginsenoside Ro and Re as a threshold could be used to discriminate red ginseng from different growing years; in addition, 100%, 94.4% and 46.6% of red ginseng from six, five and four years exceeded the threshold of 1.3. Our optimized analytical method for characterization of red ginseng is convenient and shortens the assay time.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823145

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of society and economic activities, ambient air pollution has become an important global environmental and public health issue, and its significant adverse effects on human health have attracted increasing attention. Previous studies have shown a significant association between air pollution exposure and cardiovascular events including cardiac arrest. Although the association between air pollution exposure and risk of cardiac arrest has been identified by several studies, the results remain inconsistent and the pathogenic mechanism is not yet clear. To date, most studies focused on the impact of air pollution exposure on the onset of cardiac arrest, while few studies explored the risk of death from cardiac arrest. Here we reviewed studies investigating the association between short-term exposure to air pollution and risk of cardiac arrest.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 258-263, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818415

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveMicroRNAs (miRNA) play an important role in the development and regression of osteoporosis. This study aims to screen for miRNAs and genes closely related to osteoporosis, and to complete the construction of a miRNA-mRNA regulatory network of osteoporosis.MethodsThe gene chip expression profile of osteoporosis was obtained through the GEO database, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNAs were analyzed and screened via GEO2R. We used volcanic maps to display differential genes and miRNAs, and completed the GO and KEGG pathway analysis through the David online database. The String online database is used to complete PPI protein network analysis. The TargetScan, miRTarBase and miRDB were used to predict the targeted genes. Finally, the PPI and miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks were visualized by Cytoscape software.ResultsWe obtained 15 differential miRNAs and 174 differentially expressed genes through screening. The GO enrichment analysis mainly focused on drug response, angiogenesis, ion transport, regulation of small GTPase mediated signal ransduction, adaptive immune response, etc. NF-κB signaling pathway and HIF-1 signal were obtained through KEGG enrichment analysis. We obtained 10 hub genes through the cytohubba plug-in. We also obtained 3065 targeted genes by processing of seven miRNAs, and then intersected them with 174 DEGs to obtain 44 intersection genes. Finally, we successfully constructed a regulation map of miRNA-mRNA network. The miR-194-5p is significantly up-regulated in osteoporosis.ConclusionThe miR-194-5p might play an important role in osteoporosis by regulating its target gene CDH2, which provides candidate targets for the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 113-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818385

ABSTRACT

As a new infectious disease, the novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has continued to spread since the end of 2019. It has now been classifiedas a Class B infectious disease, and the preventive and control measures of Class A infectious diseases have been adopted. With reference to the official documents issued by WHO and National Health Commission, PRC and the latest research, this paper discusses the prevention and control of the NCP from its epidemiology, evolutionary sources, prevention and control, and so forth.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2303-2307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780335

ABSTRACT

We have developed a new method using HPLC-CAD (charged aerosol detector) for the quantitative analysis of cyclovirobuxine D and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets. The related substances were further studied by HPLC-Q-Exactive coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry. A HILIC column of XBridge Amide (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used, and the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and 100 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (85∶15), which was adjusted to pH 2.8 with formic acid. Isocratic mode elution was adopted at a flow rate of 1.1 mL·min-1. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃. For CAD, the temperature of atomization and gas pressure were respectively set at 35 ℃ and 62.2 psi. This method detected and quantified five related substances to cyclovirobuxine D. The results showed that the LOD and LOQ of cyclovirobuxine D was 12.588 ng and 28.323 ng, respectively with an average recovery of 95.74% (RSD = 1.79%, n = 6). The content of cyclovirobuxine D in 12 batches of API samples provided by three manufacturers was from 79.94% to 88.49%, with an average value of 82.20%. The total content of the five related substances was from 15.99% to 22.15% with an average value of 20.10%, using an external standard method with cyclovirobuxine D as the reference and according to the CAD uniform response to non-volatile substances. The newly developed HPLC-CAD method has advantages in terms of the comprehensiveness of signals from Buxus alkaloids without UV absorption and with high sensitivity to its trace-related substances; the method yields good separation between the components and is compatible with mass spectrometry. It is applicable for the accurate quantitative analysis of main components and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 288-293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780103

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential hypoglycemic effect of nanosuspensions of honokiol and explore the underlying mechanisms, a high fat diet (HFD) was studied in C57BL/6J mice divided into five groups: normal diet (ND), HFD, HFD/honokiol-sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) (Hono-CMC, 100 mg·kg-1), HFD/honokiol- Nano (Hono-Nano, 80 mg·kg-1), HFD/metformin (HFD/Met, 200 mg·kg-1). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body weights (BW) of mice were measured every seven days. After 30-day treatment, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed, and blood and tissue samples were collected for analysis. All animal experiments were approved by the Research Animal Care Committee of Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The data showed Hono-Nano and metformin reduced FBG, BW, and markedly improved OGTT of mice compared to HFD group (P<0.05). Hono-CMC produced nonsignificant impact on FBG, BW of mice, while OGTT of mice was improved by Hono-CMC (P<0.05). Meanwhile, none of these treated groups showed significant effects on regulating serum insulin levels, but all of them exhibited decreased serum glucagon levels notably compared to the HFD group (P<0.05). Western blot analysis revealed that honokiol up-regulated levels of p-AMPK and p-FOXO1 in liver tissue of HFD mice (P<0.05), which resulted in activation of AMPK and inhibition of FOXO1. Moreover, the expression of PEPCK (a key enzyme of gluconeogenesis) was decreased by honokiol (P<0.05). Taken together, our findings demonstrate that nanosuspension of honokiol is more effective than CMC-Na-suspension of honokiol on blood glucose controlling in HFD mice. The hypoglycemic effects of honokiol might rely on suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis via activating AMPK and inhibiting FOXO1.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2446-2456, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) has become a popular procedure for low rectal cancer as compared with abdominoperineal excision (APE). No definitive answer has been achieved whether one is superior to the other. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ELAPE for low rectal cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed databases before September 2019 were comprehensively searched to retrieve comparative trials of ELAPE and APE for low rectal cancer. Pooled analyses of the perioperative variables, surgical complications, and oncological variables were performed. Odds ratio (OR) and mean differences (MD) from each trial were pooled using random or fixed effects model depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies. A subgroup analysis or a sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore the potential source of heterogeneity when necessary.@*RESULTS@#This meta-analysis included 17 studies with 4049 patients, of whom 2248 (55.5%) underwent ELAPE and 1801 (44.5%) underwent APE. There were no statistical differences regarding the circumferential resection margin positivity (13.0% vs. 16.2%, OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.42-1.14, P = 0.15) and post-operative perineal wound complication rate (28.9% vs. 24.1%, OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 0.75-1.94, P = 0.43). The ELAPE was associated with lower rate of intraoperative perforation (6.6% vs. 11.3%, OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.39-0.64, P < 0.001) and local recurrence (8.8% vs. 20.5%, OR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.21-0.41, P < 0.001) when compared with APE.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ELAPE was associated with a reduction in the rate of intra-operative perforation and local recurrence, without any increase in the circumferential resection margin positivity and post-operative perineal wound complication rate when compared with APE in the surgical treatment of low rectal cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773226

ABSTRACT

Small molecules with physiological or pharmacological activities need to interact with biological macromolecules in order to function in the body. As the protein with the highest proportion of plasma protein,serum albumin is the main protein binding to various endogenous or exogenous small molecules. Serum albumin interacts with small molecules in a reversible non-covalent manner and transports small molecules to target sites. Bovine serum albumin( BSA) is an ideal target protein for drug research because of its low cost and high homology with human serum albumin. The research on the interaction between drugs and BSA has become a hotspot in the fields of pharmacy,medicine,biology and chemistry. In this research,molecular docking method was used to study the interaction between three small ginsenosides with high pharmacological value( Rg_1,Rb_1,Ro) and bovine serum albumin( BSA),and the binding mode information of three ginsenosides interacting with BSA was obtained. The results of molecular docking showed that ginsenosides and amino acid residues in the active pocket of proteins could be combined by hydrophobic action,hydrogen bonding and electrostatic action. The interaction between small ginsenosides and bovine serum albumin is not the only form,and their interaction has many forms of force. The interaction between these molecules and various weak forces is the key factor for the stability of the complex. The results of this study can provide the structural information of computer simulation for the determination of the interaction patterns between active components and proteins of ginseng.


Subject(s)
Animals , Binding Sites , Cattle , Computer Simulation , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protein Binding , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Thermodynamics
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