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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 422-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative electroacupuncture (EA) intervention on postoperative urination function in patients with mixed hemorrhoid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 240 patients with mixed hemorrhoid surgery under lumbar anesthesia were randomly divided into an EA preconditioning group (group A, 60 cases, 9 cases dropped off), an intraoperative EA group (group B, 60 cases, 4 cases dropped off), a postoperative EA group (group C, 60 cases, 6 cases dropped off), and a non-acupuncture group (group D, 60 cases, 3 cases dropped off). In the groups A, B and C, EA was exerted at Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35) , with disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/20 Hz in frequency, and lasting 30 min, at 30 min before lumbar anesthesia, immediately after lumbar anesthesia and 6 h after surgery, respectively. No EA intervention was performed in the group D. The postoperative urination smoothness score in each group was observed 24 h after surgery. The first urination time, first urination volume, urine residual volume after first urination were recorded, and incidence of indwelling catheterization, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, number of remedial analgesia, and the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed in each group.@*RESULTS@#In the groups A, B and C, the postoperative urination smoothness scores were superior to the group D (P<0.05), and the time of first urination was earlier than the group D (P<0.05). In the group C, the time of first urination was earlier than the group A and the group B (P<0.05), the first urination volume was higher than the group D (P<0.05), and the urine residual volume after first urination was lower than the group D (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of indwelling catheterization and postoperative nausea and vomiting among the 4 groups (P>0.05). The VAS scores of the group A, B and C were lower than that in the group D (P<0.05), and the number of remedial analgesia cases was lower than that in the group D (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention could promote the recovery of urination function and relieve postoperative pain in patients with mixed hemorrhoids surgery. Early postoperative EA intervention is more conducive to the recovery of urination function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Urination , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Acupuncture Points
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 543-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the success rate of His-Purkinje system pacing (HPSP) in patients with various sites of atrioventricular block (AVB) and provide clinical evidence for the selection of HPSP in patients with AVB. Methods: This is a retrospective case analysis. 637 patients with AVB who underwent permanent cardiac pacemaker implantation and requiring high proportion of ventricular pacing from March 2016 to September 2021 in the Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled. The site of AVB was determined by electrophysiological examination. His bundle pacing (HBP) was performed in the first 130 patients (20.4%) who were classified as the HBP group and HPSP included HBP and/or left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) was performed in later 507 patients (79.6%) and these patients were classified as the HPSP group. The basic clinical information such as age and sex of the two groups was compared, and the success rates of HBP or HPSP in patients with different sites of AVB and QRS intervals were analyzed. Results: The age of HBP group was (66.4±15.9) years with 75 males (57.7%). The age of HPSP group was (66.8±13.6) years with 288 (56.8%) males. Among 637 patients, 63.0% (401/637) had atrioventricular node block; 22.9% (146/637) had intra-His block; 14.1% (90/637) had distal or inferior His bundle block. Totally, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP [93.9% (476/507) vs. 86.9% (113/130), P<0.05]. In each group of patients with various AVB sites, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP respectively and both success rates of HBP and HPSP showed a declining trend with the distant AVB site. The success rate of HBP in patients with atrioventricular node block and intra-His block was higher than that in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [95.2% (79/83) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P<0.001; 86.7% (26/30) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P=0.010]. The success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [87.7% (64/73) vs 47.1% (8/17), P=0.001]. In patients with QRS<120 ms, 94.9% (520/548) of AVB sites were in atrioventricular node or intra-His, and HBP had a similar high success rate with HPSP [95.6% (109/114) vs. 96.3% (418/434), P=0.943] in these patients. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms, 69.7% (62/89) of AVB sites were at distal or inferior His bundle, and the success rate of HBP was only 25.0% (4/16), while the success rate of HPSP was as high as 79.5% (58/73), P<0.001. Conclusions: In patients with QRS<120 ms and atrioventricular node block or intra-His block, success rates of HBP and HPSP are similarly high and HBP might be considered as the first choice. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms and AVB site at distal or inferior His bundle, the success rate of HPSP is higher than that of HBP, suggesting LBBP should be considered as the first-line treatment option.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Bundle of His/physiology , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Electrocardiography , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 924-938, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886978

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions, which is characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Drug treatment is still the main method for the disease. Although remarkable progress has been made in the development of antiepileptic drugs in recent years, there is still a poor curative effect on patients with refractory epilepsy. This review will focus on the current status and pathogenesis of epilepsy, as well as the antiepileptic drugs (targeting sodium channels, calcium channels, potassium channels, and the balance of γ-aminobuyric acid /glutamate system, respectively) that have been developed based on classical epileptogenic mechanisms. Further the antiepileptic drugs acting on new targets (epigenetic interferers, synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A modulators, mammalian target of rapamycin signal pathway blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cannabidiol and adenosine inhibitors) have also been discussed.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 679-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876508

ABSTRACT

Neuropathic pain (NP) is a medical problem that has been bothering human beings and seriously affects people's quality of life. Although great progress has been made in the study of NP in recent years, there are still many patients who are ineffective to the existing treatments. At present, drug therapy is still the main method to relieve pain, however, adverse drug reactions has hindered the curative effects of drugs. It is extremely urgent to find new drug targets and reduce the adverse effects of existing drugs. This review will mainly describe the current situation and pathogenesis of neuropathic pain, effectiveness and limitations of existing drugs for treating neuropathic pain, and the current status of drug discovery.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 877-882, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect on mild and moderate postpartum depression treated with acupuncture of @*METHODS@#A total of 116 patients with mild and moderate postpartum depression were divided into an acupuncture group (103 cases) and a non-acupuncture group (13 cases) according to treatment regimen provided. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture of @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the acupuncture A group was 100.0% (31/31), better than 76.9% (10/13) in the non-acupuncture group and 58.1% in the acupuncture B group (18/31) (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture of


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Needles , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 187-208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888415

ABSTRACT

There has been a long history since human beings began to realize the existence of post-traumatic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a diagnostic category adopted in 1980 in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Ⅲ, described typical clusters of psychiatric symptoms occurring after traumatic events. Abundant researches have helped deepen the understanding of PTSD in terms of epidemiological features, biological mechanisms, and treatment options. The prevalence of PTSD in general population ranged from 6.4% to 7.8% and was significantly higher among groups who underwent major public traumatic events. There has been a long way in the studies of animal models and genetic characteristics of PTSD. However, the high comorbidity with other stress-related psychiatric disorders and complexity in the pathogenesis of PTSD hindered the effort to find specific biological targets for PTSD. Neuroimage was widely used to elucidate the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms of PTSD. Functional MRI studies have showed that PTSD was linked to medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and sub-cortical structures like amygdala and hippocampus, and to explore the functional connectivity among these brain areas which might reveal the possible neurobiological mechanism related to PTSD symptoms. For now, cognitive behavior therapy-based psychotherapy, including combination with adjunctive medication, showed evident treatment effects on PTSD. The emergence of more effective PTSD pharmacotherapies awaits novel biomarkers from further fundamental research. Several natural disasters and emergencies have inevitably increased the possibility of suffering from PTSD in the last two decades, making it critical to strengthen PTSD research in China. To boost PTSD study in China, the following suggestions might be helpful: (1) establishing a national psychological trauma recover project, and (2) exploring the mechanisms of PTSD with joint effort and strengthening the indigenized treatment of PTSD.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 877-879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826638

ABSTRACT

Started from the needs of clinical teaching and practice of acupuncture and moxibustion, based on the acupuncture education and assessment model, the virtual acupuncture teaching system was developed with the help of virtual reality (VR) technology, and applied to the course teaching of meridian and acupoint and needling and moxibustion method of . Compared with conventional teaching, this system can effectively improve practical operation test scores of students, meanwhile, it has higher interest, interactivity and helpfulness for knowledge learning, and improve independent learning ability, learning effect and memory depth, so student's satisfaction is higher.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 669-674, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941156

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application and efficacy of left ventricular (LV) electrical delay (LVED) and the distance of right ventricular(RV) pacing polar to LV(DRLV) in optimizing LV pacing polar. Methods: Heart failure (HF) patients who implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device with a LV quadripolar lead from January 2014 to January 2018 at General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled in the study. Measurements of LVED and DRLV of each polar of the lead were performed in patients with HF who underwent CRT with LV quadripolar lead. The principle in turn for polar selecting used for clinical LV pacing was the pacing polar: (1)without phrenic nerve stimulation(PNS); (2)with appropriate capture threshold; (3)not located in apical; (4)with maximal LVED; (5)with maximal DRLV. The LV pacing polar was selected for CRT according to the procedure. The distribution of target veins implanted with LV quadripolar lead were calculated. The percentage of biventricular pacing at 6-month follow-up was recorded. The following indexes were compared before and 6-month after surgery, including QRS duration, LV end-systolic volume(LVESV), LV ejection fraction(LVEF), LV end-diastolic dimension(LVEDD), 6 minute walking distance(6MWD), New York Heart Association(NYHA) class. The efficacy and echocardiographic efficacy of CRT was evaluated. Results: There were twenty-nine HF patients enrolled. The mean age of enrolled patients was(61.7±7.6)years old, nineteen (66%)of them were male. There were seventeen(59%) patients diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy and twelve(41%) patients as ischemic cardiomyopathy. All patients were successfully implanted with LV quadripolar lead into target veins, and all four pacing sites were also in target veins. Target veins were located in lateral veins in 15 patients (52%), anterior veins in 2 patients (7%), posterior veins in 11 patients (38%), and lateral branches of great cardiac veins in 1 patient (3%). After 6-month of follow-up, the percentage of biventricular pacing was greater than 95%.There were nineteen(66%) patients optimized LV pacing polar by the largest LVED and four (14%) patients by the DRLV. Of the 29 patients, 5(17%) patients used D1 as the pacing polar, 5(17%) patients used M2 as the pacing polar, 7(24%) patients used M3 as the pacing polar, and 12(41%) patients used P4 as the pacing polar. The pacing polars (D1, M2) of traditional bipolar lead were used in 10(34%) patients, and the LV quadripolar lead specific pacing polars (M3, P4) were used in 19(66%) patients.Compared to a LV quadripolar lead, the LV pacing polar (M3, P4) selected in 19(66%) patients were not achievable with the traditional LV bipolar lead (D1, M2). Preoperative QRS duration, LVESV, LVEF, LVEDD, 6MWD and NYHA class were (171±24)ms, (231±79)ml, (28±5)%, (74±11)mm, (294±103)m, (3.2±1.0)class and the postoperative 6-month were (130±12)ms, (158±73)ml, (36±10)%, (66±12)mm, (371±86)m, (1.9±0.5)class. These indexes were significantly improved after 6 months operation(P<0.001). 97% and 83% patients were responders of CRT as assessed by 6-month efficacy and echocardiographic efficacy. Conclusion: The maximal LVED and DRLV can be used to select LV pacing polar with a high rate of CRT response rate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart Ventricles , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2800-2810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862282

ABSTRACT

italic>Cannabis sativa, one of the ancient medicinal plants, has been used to alleviate pain and seizures. However, cannabinoids are often addictive, which limits their clinical use. Cannabidiol (CBD) as a non-psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa, has much weaker adverse effects than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and therefore has received widespread attention. CBD has been found to ameliorate a variety of neuropsychiatric diseases, but the precise mechanism(s) of action are still unclear. Due to its low affinity for classical cannabinoid receptors current studies are focusing on other targets outside the endocannabinoid system. In the present review we mainly summarize the effects and molecular mechanisms of CBD in neuropsychiatric disorders, including epilepsy, neuropathic pain, anxiety, and depression.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 355-361, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779600

ABSTRACT

Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) is the most common chronic complication of diabetes mellitus, significantly affecting people's quality of life. Studies have indicated that ion channels play a very important role in the occurrence of DNP. This review provides a summary in the role of ion channels in diabetic neuropathic pain and treatment strategies for diabetic neuropathy targeting ion channels.

11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 399-403, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277966

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and whether Tregs can modulate the distribution of macrophage subtypes in visceral adipose tissue in the early stage of obesity.Methods After C57BL/6 mice obesity models were successfully established,metabolic parameters and numbers of Tregs and M1/M2 macrophage were measured at 4,10,and 20 weeks.The changes of metabolic parameters and adipose tissue inflammation in obesity mice after rapamycin intervention were evaluated. Results The early-stage obesity models were successfully established.Compared with normal diet mice,high fat diet mice had significantly higher epididymal adipose tissue mass and serum leptin levels(P<0.05).However,there was no statistical difference in blood glucose and insulin levels between these two groups(All P>0.05). Macrophages infiltration in adipose tissue in high fat diet mice gradually increased with time,coincident with decrease in Treg numbers. Increased numbers of Treg,improved metabolic parameters,and decreased ratio of M1/M2 can be seen after rapamycin intervention in mice.Conclusion The decrease of Tregs in the early stage of obesity may contribute to abnormal distribution of macrophage subtypes in visceral adipose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blood Glucose , Diet, High-Fat , Inflammation , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Cell Biology , Leptin , Blood , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology
12.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 872-877, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838992

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the reliability and validity of the mental disorder predictive scale for servicemen. Methods A test with the mental disorder predictive scale for servicemen was carried out in 1 477 soldiers and officers selected by random cluster sampling, and 120 of them were also tested by Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS) at the same time. Statistical software was used to analyze the results and to assess the reliability and validity of the mental disorder predictive scale . Results The Cronbach's α coefficient of the total scale was 0.784, and those of the subscales were 0.705-0.854 (P <0.01). The half reliability of total scale was 0.914, and those of the subscales were 0.754-0.934(P <0.01). The correlation coefficients among factors were 0.512-0.948 (P <0.01), and the correlation coefficients of single factors with total scale score were 0.673-0.961 (P <0.01). Dimensional analysis proved that there were good distinctions between subscales. The exploratory factor analysis showed that the results of this study agreed with the collation of each entry factor of the original scale. There was a higher degree of fitting according to the results of confirmatory factor analysis. The validity of the present scale was effective. Conclusion The reliability and validity of the mental disorder predictive scale for servicemen are satisfactory and meet the standard psychometrics; it can be utilized as an effective tool for prediction of mental disorders among servicemen.

13.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 498-501, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951600

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the protective effect of telmisartan on rats with renal failure and its mechanism. Methods: 60 Wistar rats were chosen as study objective, and were divided into 4 groups randomly: 15 in group A (sham operation group), 15 in group B (model group), 15 in group C (telmisartan group) and 15 in group D (telmisartan+GW9962 group). The difference of survival rate, blood-urine biochemical indexes, renal pathological change, and the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS were compared. Results: After 12 weeks, the survival rate of group A was 93.33% (14/15), that of group B was 46.67% (7/15), that of group C was 86.67% (13/15), that of group D was 60.00% (9/15), and the difference among 4 groups had statistical significance (P0.05); after 3 weeks, 6 weeks and 12 weeks, these difference was statistical significant (P<0.05). The difference of blood-urine biochemical indexes, that of renal pathological change, and that of the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS was statistical significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Telmisartan has protective effect on renal failure caused by 5/6 nephrectomy, which might be relative to the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS.

14.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 498-501, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of telmisartan on rats with renal failure and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#60 Wistar rats were chosen as study objective, and were divided into 4 groups randomly: 15 in group A (sham operation group), 15 in group B (model group), 15 in group C (telmisartan group) and 15 in group D (telmisartan + GW9962 group). The difference of survival rate, blood-urine biochemical indexes, renal pathological change, and the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS were compared.@*RESULTS@#After 12 weeks, the survival rate of group A was 93.33% (14/15), that of group B was 46.67% (7/15), that of group C was 86.67% (13/15), that of group D was 60.00% (9/15), and the difference among 4 groups had statistical significance (P  0.05); after 3 weeks, 6 weeks and 12 weeks, these difference was statistical significant (P < 0.05). The difference of blood-urine biochemical indexes, that of renal pathological change, and that of the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS was statistical significant (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Telmisartan has protective effect on renal failure caused by 5/6 nephrectomy, which might be relative to the expression level of PPARγ and nNOS.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 614-619, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329774

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of high-fat or high-glucose diet on obesity and visceral adipose tissue in C57BL/6 mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four-week-old C57BL/6 mice were allocated into normal diet group,high-fat diet group,and high-glucose diet group according to the random number table until 20 weeks old. Body weight,epididymal adipose tissue weight,blood leptin,fat infiltration in liver,M1/M2 macrophage subtypes,and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA in epididymal adipose tissues were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal diet group,body weight,epididymal adipose tissue weight,and leptin concentration in high fat diet group at 20 weeks were significantly increased (P < 0.05),and oil red O staining showed more prominent adipocyte infiltration in liver in high-fat diet group than those in normal diet and high-glucose diet group. However,no apparent differences were seen in high-glucose diet group at 20 weeks in terms of body weight,epididymal adipose tissue weight and leptin concentration. In high-fat diet group,the macrophages infiltration in epididymal adipose tissue increased with time and the percentage of M2 macrophage decreased in high-fat diet group than that in high-glucose diet group(P<0.05). Compared with normal diet group,monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA expression increased significantly in high-fat diet group(P<0.05). In high-glucose group,however,no significant differences were discerned (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High-fat diet,rather than 60% high glucose diet,will lead to obesity and macrophage infiltration in adipose tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adipocytes , Adipose Tissue , Body Weight , Chemokine CCL2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Methods , Glucose , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Leptin , Macrophages , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Obesity , RNA, Messenger
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 662-667, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the incidence of super-response and the potential predictors related to super-response after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with congestive heart failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>190 patients [145 men and 45 women;age: (60.48 ± 11.91) years] underwent CRT between March 2001 and March 2012 were enrolled in this multi-center trial, of which, 54 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and 136 patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. These patients were followed up from 6 months to 11 years (mean 58 months) post CRT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten patients died within 6 months post CRT, the others were followed up for more than 6 months. At 6-month follow-up, 51 patients were identified as CRT super-responders (28.33%), 75 patients were CRT responders (41.67%) and 29 patients were CRT non-responders (16.11%), and 25 patients were CRT negative responders (13.89%). Super-response occurred more frequently in non-ischemic cardiomyopathy patients, while non-response most commonly occurred in ischemic cardiomyopathy patients (P < 0.05); patients in the negative response group had higher serum creatinine level than other groups (P < 0.05) , and patients in the non-response group and negative response group had higher pulmonary artery pressure than patients in the super-response group (P < 0.05); the average QRS duration was ≥ 160 ms before CRT, and the mean decrease was around 30 ms after CRT in the super-response group while the average QRS duration was 139 ms before CRT, and the mean reduction was around 8 ms after CRT in the negative response group (P < 0.05). LV lead position in the super-response group was usually in the middle and base of the heart, while in the negative response group it was more commonly located in the apex of the heart (P < 0.01) .</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LV lead located at the middle and pre-CRT ORS duration ≥ 160 ms are associated with super-response post CRT procedure in this patient cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 757-761, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326426

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term effects and analyze causes of non-response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure (HF) patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-three patients with HF and AF [29 men, mean age (61 ± 10) years, NYHA class III or IV, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35%, QRS ≥ 120 ms in 31 cases] underwent bi-ventricular pacing (n = 26) or bi-ventricular pacing and atrioventricular node ablation (AVN-ablation, n = 7) were included in this study. Non-response was defined: the increase of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was less than 15%. Patients were followed-up for 4 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six patients died during follow up. Non-responder to CRT was observed in 6 out of 27 survived patients (22.22%). Six out of 7 patients underwent AVN-ablation were in responder group and 1 in non-responder group. Comparing with responder group, the baseline LVEF was significantly higher (37% vs. 32%, P = 0.003), and the history of HF was significantly longer (6.3 years vs. 4.1 years, P = 0.039), pulmonary artery pressure was significantly higher (53 vs. 32 mm Hg, P = 0.027), bi-ventricular pacing percentage (BIVP%) was significantly lower (75.86% vs. 91.73%, P = 0.007) in non-responder group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Higher LVEF, longer HF history, higher pulmonary artery pressure and lower BIVP% are factors linked with non-responses to CRT in this patient cohort. CRT plus AVN-ablation is associated with high response rate to CRT in this patient cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Therapeutics , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Heart Failure , Therapeutics , Logistic Models , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 422-424, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237106

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare short-term postoperative outcomes between antecolic and retrocolic laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass(LRYGB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty obesity patients were admitted into The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University from March 2008 to July 2010. All patients were randomly assigned to undergo antecolic (group A, 20 cases) and retrocolic (group B, 20 cases) gastroenteric anastomosis. Short-term outcomes were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LRYGB procedures were successfully performed in all the 40 patients. There were no significant differences between the two groups in estimated blood loss during surgery, time to flatus passage, time to resumption of oral intake, or length of postoperative hospital stay. The operation time was longer in group B than that in group A [(163.4±28.1) min vs.(131.8±22.7) min, P<0.05]. There were no patients developed internal hernia or anastomotic leakage in either group. Comparison of short-term gastrointestinal symptoms after surgery showed no statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although retrocolic procedure may be closer to anatomical structure, antecolic and retrocolic anastomosis have comparable short-term outcomes after surgery. Further study is warranted to investigate long-term outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastric Bypass , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Obesity, Morbid , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 531-537, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272205

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is known to induce changes in endothelial cell morphology and permeability. The aim of this study is to determine the underlying signaling mechanisms involved in these responses.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to TNF-α, and HUVEC cytoskeletal changes were evaluated by observing fluorescence of F-actin following ligation with labeled antibodies. Endothelial permeability was detected by measuring the flux of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-albumin across the EC monolayers. To explore the signaling pathways behind TNF-α-induced changes in HUVEC morphology and permeability, HUVECs were treated with either the Rho GTPase inhibitor Y27632 or the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) inhibitors PD98059 and SB203580 before TNF-α administration. To further elucidate possible involvement of the RhoA and ERK pathways in TNF-α-induced HUVEC changes, retrovirus-carried recombinant dominant-negative forms and constitutive-activative forms of RhoA, namely T19NRhoA and Q63LRhoA, were pre-infected into HUVECs prior to TNF-α exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TNF-α induced F-actin cytoskeleton rearrangement and increased HUVEC permeability in a dose and time-dependent manner. The maximal increase in the HRP-BSA flux (40 ng/ml) was seen in cells exposed to TNF-α at 100 ng/ml after 2 h. Preconditioning of HUVEC monolayer with Y27632 or PD98059 significantly reduced TNF-α induced permeability increase (HRP concentration from 40 ng/ml decreased to 12.5 ng/ml, P < 0.05) and F-actin cytoskeleton rearrangement, HUVEC pre-infection with activated forms of Q63LRhoA increased HUVEC permeability and upregulated pERK compared to GFP infection, while HUVEC pre-infection with inhibited forms of T19NRhoA attenuated the effects of TNF-α on HUVEC permeability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results indicate that TNF-α-induced EC barrier dysfunction and morphological changes of the F-actin via activating RhoA-ERK/MAPK signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Membrane Permeability , Cells, Cultured , Cytoskeleton , Metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Cell Biology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 895-900, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the incidence and explore the potential factors of nonresponse to cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT)in patients with severe chronic congestive heart failure.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>CRT was performed in 119 patients with NYHA function class III-IV and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35% [96 men and 23 women, age (60.5 ± 11.3) years].</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven patients died for different reasons between 1 - 6 months post CRT and clinical and echocardiographic (Echo) data at 6 months post CRT were analyzed from the remaining 112 patients. The incidence of nonresponse to CRT was 28.57%. Compared to the response group, complete right bundle branch block, longer course of congestive heart failure, higher pulmonary systolic pressure and serum creatinine level and non-optimal target vessels positioning of the left ventricle lead (the great cardiac vein and the middle cardiac vein) were the independent predictors for nonresponse after CRT (all P < 0.05). Compared with nonresponse group, the dosages of digoxin and diuretics used for heart failure were significantly reduced in response group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of nonresponse after CRT was 28.57% in this patient cohort. Higher pulmonary systolic pressure and serum creatinine level and non-optimal target vessels positioning of the left ventricle lead (the great cardiac vein and the middle cardiac vein) were the independent predictors for nonresponse after CRT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Defibrillators, Implantable , Heart Failure , Therapeutics , Incidence , Treatment Outcome
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