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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 795-804, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921282

ABSTRACT

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been identified as an inhibitor of platelet function and an inducer of fibrinogen protein complex. However, the regulatory mechanism of FXR in hemostatic system remains incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the functions of FXR in regulating antithrombin III (AT III). C57BL/6 mice and FXR knockout (FXR KO) mice were treated with or without GW4064 (30 mg/kg per day). FXR activation significantly prolonged prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), lowered activity of activated factor X (FXa) and concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and activated factor II (FIIa), and increased level of AT III, whereas all of these effects were markedly reversed in FXR KO mice. In vivo, hepatic AT III mRNA and protein expression levels were up-regulated in wild-type mice after FXR activation, but down-regulated in FXR KO mice. In vitro study showed that FXR activation induced, while FXR knockdown inhibited, AT III expression in mouse primary hepatocytes. The luciferase assay and ChIP assay revealed that FXR can bind to the promoter region of AT III gene where FXR activation increased AT III transcription. These results suggest FXR activation inhibits coagulation process via inducing hepatic AT III expression in mice. The present study reveals a new role of FXR in hemostatic homeostasis and indicates that FXR might act as a potential therapeutic target for diseases related to hypercoagulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antithrombin III , Blood Coagulation , Hepatocytes , Liver , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1161-1165, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921026

ABSTRACT

Based on literature research and Delphi expert consensus method, the important acupoints for cancer pain was summarized to provide evidence basis for the formulation of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cancer Pain/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Neoplasms/therapy , Publications
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1417-1423, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between effect of induction chemotherapy and prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 146 adult AML patients treated in Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng University from March 2015 to March 2018 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. Day 14 bone marrow biopsy (D14BM) cellularity and blast proportion, daily peripheral blood blast (PBB) clearance rate, time to PBB clearance and etc. were primarily observed after induction chemotherapy. All the patients were divided into Non-relapse survival group, Relapse survival group, Non-relapse death group and Relapse death group according to survival and recurrence situation during 2-year follow-up. The survival of the patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors were performed by ordinal Logistic regression, and ROC curve was used to assess the prediction efficiency of those factors for the 2-year overall survival (OS) and relapse of the patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 patients were included since 8 cases failed to be assessed clinically. Their 2-year OS rate was 65.94%. Age of the patients in Non-relapse survival group was lower than that in Relapse death group. The D14BM cellularities in Non-relapse survival group and Relapse survival group were lower than those in Relapse death group (P10%, while it was higher in patients with daily PBB clearance rate >20% than those with clearance rate≤20% (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone marrow biopsy results and PBB clearance rate are related to prognosis in AML patients, which can offer certain predictive value in assessing 2-year OS of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 168-171, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775200

ABSTRACT

Inhibin B, a glycoprotein produced predominantly by Sertoli cells and preferentially suppressing the production and secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in the pituitary, is closely related to spermatogenesis. Varicocele is the abnormal dilatation and tortuosity of the pampiniform plexus veins, which may contribute to spermatogenic dysfunction and male infertility. More and more evidence has shown that the level of serum inhibin B is negatively correlated with the severity of varicocele. Determination of the inhibin B level may help assess the severity of spermatogenic dysfunction of the patient and predict the outcomes of varicocele repair and therefore has a potential application value in the diagnosis and treatment of varicocele.


Subject(s)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Metabolism , Humans , Infertility, Male , Blood , Inhibins , Blood , Male , Sertoli Cells , Spermatogenesis , Varicocele , Blood
5.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 60-63, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703460

ABSTRACT

Primary community health service management was one of the key points in the realization of healthy China's construction strategy.The health concept,healthy living,behavior and special treatment technology of "using Chinese medicine to prevent diseases" could meet the requirements of modem health concept.Introducing multi-center governance theory,exploring the innovation of health community governance mode and reasonably selecting special health resources had obvious advantages in community health services.Taking the disease prevention,control and health promotion as the goal,the community residents were decided as the main body and the government to meet the needs of community resident's health services as a new model of health management.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 72-80, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Despite the rapid growth in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in China, there is limited information about patients' experiences after AMI hospitalization, especially on long-term adverse events and patient-reported outcomes (PROs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE)-Prospective AMI Study will enroll 4000 consecutive AMI patients from 53 diverse hospitals across China and follow them longitudinally for 12 months to document their treatment, recovery, and outcomes. Details of patients' medical history, treatment, and in-hospital outcomes are abstracted from medical charts. Comprehensive baseline interviews are being conducted to characterize patient demographics, risk factors, presentation, and healthcare utilization. As part of these interviews, validated instruments are administered to measure PROs, including quality of life, symptoms, mood, cognition, and sexual activity. Follow-up interviews, measuring PROs, medication adherence, risk factor control, and collecting hospitalization events are conducted at 1, 6, and 12 months after discharge. Supporting documents for potential outcomes are collected for adjudication by clinicians at the National Coordinating Center. Blood and urine samples are also obtained at baseline, 1- and 12-month follow-up. In addition, we are conducting a survey of participating hospitals to characterize their organizational characteristics.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The China PEACE-Prospective AMI study will be uniquely positioned to generate new information regarding patient's experiences and outcomes after AMI in China and serve as a foundation for quality improvement activities.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , China , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnosis , Patient-Centered Care , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether phenotypic modulation of bladder smooth muscle occurs in diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly assigned into diabetic group and control group. Diabetic rat models were established by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Nine weeks later, the bladder tissues of the rats were examined for structural changes using HE and Masson's trichrome staining , and the expressions of myocardin, α-SMA, and SMMHC in bladder smooth muscles were detected with RT-PCR and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the diabetic rats showed obvious polydipsia and polyuria with significantly increased collagenous fibers and lowered expressions of myocardin, α-SMA, and SMMHC in the bladder tissue (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>s In rats at 9 weeks after diabetic model establishment, phenotypic transition of the bladder smooth muscles occurs to cause bladder contractile dysfunction, which may play an important role in the pathology of diabetic bladder dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Nuclear Proteins , Metabolism , Phenotype , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Trans-Activators , Metabolism , Urinary Bladder
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853324

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study and analyze the waste reutilization in the process of Chinese materia medica (CMM) resources industrialization, in order to provide countermeasures and suggestions for the protection of CMM resources and promote the sustainable development of CMM industry. Methods: Using circular economics to explain the circular pattern and policy mechanism of green development economy that will promote the waste reutilization of CMM. Results: Waste generated from CMM resources industrialization pollutes the ecological environment seriously, forming the bearing pressure of environment, and the key to the development of CMM resources is to solve the problem of the negative externality caused by waste generated in the process of CMM resources industrialization. Conclusion: Promoting the waste reutilization of CMM should establish the green economic network system which is essential to the development of CMM industry and promote green technology innovation with green policy system which is conducive towards green road, and it makes environmental protection combining organically with the efficient use of CMM resources.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the image quality of T1WI fat phase,T1WI water phase, short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequence, and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequence in the evaluation of multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 20MM patients were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent scanning at coronal T1WI fat phase, coronal T1WI water phase, coronal STIR sequence, and axial DWI sequence. The image quality of the four different sequences was evaluated. The image was divided into seven sections(head and neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, thigh, leg, and foot), and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each section was measured at 7 segments (skull, spine, pelvis, humerus, femur, tibia and fibula and ribs) were measured. In addition, 20 active MM lesions were selected, and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of each scan sequence was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average image quality scores of T1WI fat phase,T1WI water phase, STIR sequence, and DWI sequence were 4.19 ± 0.70,4.16 ± 0.73,3.89 ± 0.70, and 3.76 ± 0.68, respectively. The image quality at T1-fat phase and T1-water phase were significantly higher than those at STIR (P=0.000 and P=0.001) and DWI sequence (both P=0.000); however, there was no significant difference between T1-fat and T1-water phase (P=0.723)and between STIR and DWI sequence (P=0.167). The SNR of T1WI fat phase was significantly higher than those of the other three sequences (all P=0.000), and there was no significant difference among the other three sequences (all P>0.05). Although the CNR of DWI sequences was slightly higher than those of the other three sequences,there was no significant difference among all of them (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Imaging at T1WI fat phase,T1WI water phase, STIR sequence, and DWI sequence has certain advantages,and they should be combined in the diagnosis of MM.</p>


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Femur , Head , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Neck , Pelvis , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Spine , Thigh , Thorax , Water
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1475-1478, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299109

ABSTRACT

The apparatus for intrinsic dissolution test recorded in United States Pharmacopeia (USP) integrating with fiber-optic drug dissolution test system (FODT) were used to real-time monitor intrinsic dissolution processes of alliin in four media which were water, solution of HCl with pH 1.2, buffer solution of acetate with pH 4.5, and buffer solution of phosphate with pH 6.8. The intrinsic dissolution rate (IDR) and the similarity factor (f2) of two intrinsic dissolution curves with two apparatuses were calculated. The IDR values of alliin with rotating disk system were 28.1.3, 33.55, 28.38 and 30.95 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1) in four media, respectively. And the IDR values of alliin with stationary disk system were 44.16, 47.07, 45.11 and 51.34 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1), respectively. The similarity factors were 56.42, 50.75, 40.30 and 40.64, respectively. The results showed that the intrinsic alliin dissolution rates were much greater than 1 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1). It inferred that alliin dissolution would not be the rate limiting step to absorption.


Subject(s)
Cysteine , Chemistry , Fiber Optic Technology , Solubility
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257696

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignancy developed in the bone marrow plasma cell system. It usually consists of focal lesions of the bone,soft tissue lesions,and diffuse bone marrow infiltration. Currently,the diagnosis and follow-up of multiple myeloma are highly dependent on various medical imaging techniques.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Pathology , Bone and Bones , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1717-1719, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642115

ABSTRACT

To observe the effectiveness and safety of auto-corneallimbus stem cell transplantation combined double biological amniotic membrane transplantation in the treatment of pterygium ●METHODS: The patients performed pterygium surgeries in our hospital between 2010 - 06 and 2013 - 12 were selected, according to different pterygium classification grading, different surgical methods were taken. Group A: autologous corneal limbus stem cell transplantation was conducted. Group B: autologous corneal limbus stem cell transplantation combined double biological amniotic membrane transplantation were conducted. The patients were followed up 6-36mo after operation, the postoperative recurrence rate was observed. ●RESULTS: A total of 149 cases with 155 eyes included in this study, including 75 eyes in group A with the application of autologous limbal stem cell transplantation: thin type grade 2, 10 eyes ( 1 eye recurred ), grade 3, 14 eyes ( 2 eyes recurred );Hypertrophic 17 eyes (2 eyes recurred); Recurrence type 21 eyes (3 eyes recurred); Recovered 68 eyes (8 eyes recurred, the total recurrence rate was 10. 67%); Group B: 80 eyes treated with autologous limbal stem cell transplantation combined double biological amniotic membrane transplantation, thin type above grade 3 and grade 4 ( no recurrence); Hypertrophic 21 eyes (1 eye recurred); Recurrence type 37 eyes (2 eyes recurred);Recovered 77 eyes (3 eyes recurred, the recurrence rate was 3. 75%). Two groups of hypertrophic type, recurrence is significant in reducing the recurrence rate (P ●CONCLUSlON: lt indicates that recurrence rates are different when adopting different ways of operations. Autologous corneal limbus stem cell transplantation is applicable for no root type, pterygium of thin type below grade 2; Autologous corneal limbus stem cell transplantation with double biological amniotic membrane transplantation is suitable for thin type above grade 2, hypertrophic type, recurrent type of pterygium, with low recurrence rate, so it is the ideal surgical method.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3451-3455, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Long-term use of antiplatelet agents, statins, beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are proven therapies for secondary prevention in acute coronary syndrome. However, little is known of physicians' opinion about their use in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In 2010, standard questionnaires were posted to chief cardiologists in 1397 geographically diverse and representative sample of tertiary and secondary hospitals in China, collecting information about their opinions on the recommended treatments for acute coronary syndrome.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1009 (72%) cardiologists responded with a valid questionnaire. Of them, 77% reported routine use of all the four main secondary preventive treatments, with little difference between secondary and tertiary hospitals (75% vs. 79%, P = 0.16). Of the cardiologists reporting routine or selective use of aspirin, beta-blockers, statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, 94%, 85%, 73% and 86% would recommend indefinite use respectively. For all the 4 treatments combined, only 63.5% reported indefinite use at the same time, with no significant difference between secondary and tertiary hospitals (62% vs. 65%, P = 0.17), nor between hospitals with or without fast track for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (66% vs. 61%, P = 0.50).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although Chinese cardiologists seem well informed about the value of main secondary preventive treatments for acute coronary syndrome, there is still gap in their understanding of the need for combined and prolonged use of these treatments.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , China , Coronary Disease , Humans , Physicians , Secondary Prevention , Methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4222-4226, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327599

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with biventricular pacing has demonstrated cardiac function improvement for treating congestive heart failure (HF). It has been documented that the placement of the left ventricular lead at the longest contraction delay segment has the optimal CRT benefit. This study described follow-up to surgical techniques for CRT as a viable alternative for patients with heart failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between April 2007 and June 2012, a total of 14 consecutive heart failure patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III-IV underwent left ventricular epicardial lead placements via surgical approach. There were eight males and six females, aged 36 to 79 years ((59.6 ± 9.2) years). The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was (33.6 ± 7.4)%. All patients were treated with left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony and underwent left ventricular epicardial lead placements via a surgical approach. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography were used to assess changes in left heart function and dyssynchronic parameters. Also, echo was used to select the best site for left ventricular epicardial lead placement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Left ventricular epicardial leads were successfully implanted in the posterior or lateral epicardial wall without serious complications in all patients. All patients had reduction in NYHA score from III-IV preoperatively to II-III postoperatively. The left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) decreased from (67.9 ± 12.7) mm to (61.2 ± 7.1) mm (P < 0.05), and LVEF increased from (33.6 ± 7.4)% to (42.2 ± 8.8)% (P < 0.05). Left ventricular intraventricular dyssynchrony index decreased from (148.4 ± 31.6) ms to (57.3 ± 23.8) ms (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Minimally invasive surgical placement of the left ventricular epicardial lead is feasible, safe, and efficient. TDI can guide the epicardial lead placement to the ideal target location.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Methods , Echocardiography , Methods , Female , Heart Failure , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 18-22, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292033

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study investigated current use of ACEI/ARB among high risk patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in China and factors affecting ACEI/ARB use in these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This cross-sectional survey was performed between June to December 2007 and May to November 2009 in 51 hospitals from 14 cities. The characteristics of patients with established CHD were collected by electronic questionnaire.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Only 45.8% high risk CHD patients were taking ACEI/ARB and the ACEI/ARB medication decreased significantly with time after initial CHD diagnosis. ACEI/ARB was taken in 46.1% CHD patients complicated with diabetes mellitus and in 56.3% CHD patients complicated with hypertension. Logistic regression analysis showed that comorbid hypertension was the strongest factor associated with ACEI/ARB use. In addition, male gender, history of myocardial infarction (MI), PCI and the time after initial CHD diagnosis were independent factors affecting the use of ACEI/ARB. Captopril was the most commonly prescribed ACEI in this cohort.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ACEI/ARB is underused in secondary prevention among high risk CHD patients in China. It remains a major challenge for healthcare professionals and policy makers to make efforts on narrowing the gap between evidence and practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 283-288, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295841

ABSTRACT

The female sex is traditionally considered a favorable prognostic factor for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, no particular study has reported this phenomenon. To explore the prognostic impact of gender on patients with NPC after definitive radiotherapy, we reviewed the clinical data of 2063 consecutive patients treated between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2003 in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The median follow-up for the whole series was 81 months. The female and male patients with early stage disease comprised 49.4% and 28.1% of the patient population, respectively. Both the 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates of female patients were significantly higher than those of male patients (OS: 79% vs. 69%, P < 0.001; DSS: 81% vs. 70%, P < 0.001). For patients with locoregionally advanced NPC, the 5-year OS and DSS rates of female vs. male patients were 74% vs. 63% (P < 0.001) and 76% vs. 64%, respectively (P < 0.001). A multivariate analysis showed that gender, age, and TNM stage were independent prognostic factors for the 5-year OS and DSS of NPC patients. The favorable prognosis of female patients is not only attributed to the early diagnosis and treatment but might also be attributed to some intrinsic factors of female patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Radiotherapy, High-Energy , Sex Factors , Survival Rate , Young Adult
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1020-1026, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268010

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects and safety of transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (TLRP) and extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (ELRP) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the Cochrane Library, Medline, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang and CBM for clinical controlled trials addressing TLRP and ELRP in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. Two independent reviewers extracted comparable data from eligible studies and performed meta-analysis with the Statal 2.0 software on the relevant indexes of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative catheterization, postoperative intestinal function recovery, and postoperative hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine clinical controlled trials with 942 cases were included in this analysis, 492 treated by TLRP and the other 450 by ELRP. Meta-analysis showed no statistically significant differences between the TLRP and ELRP groups in operation time (SMD = 0.60, 95% CI: -0.06,1.26), intraoperative blood loss (SMD = 0.01, 95% CI: -0.35, 0.36) , postoperative catheterization time (SMD = 0.10, 95% CI: -0.21, 0.40) and postoperative hospital stay (SMD = 0.45, 95% CI: -0.01, 0.91), except in the time of postoperative intestinal function recovery, which was significantly shorter in the ELRP than in the TLRP group (SMD = 1.18, 95% CI: 0.26, 2.10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For the treatment of localized prostate cancer, ELRP is similar to TLRP with respect to operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative catheterization and postoperative hospital stay, but superior to the latter in postoperative intestinal function recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Postoperative Complications , Prostate , General Surgery , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4361-4367, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339839

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Despite considerable improvements in the care of patients with cardiovascular disease in various populations over the last few decades, there are still limited data about long-term treatment patterns among patients with various atherosclerotic vascular conditions in China, especially the use of statin therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between June 2007 and October 2009, 16 860 patients aged 50 - 80 years with established history of atherosclerotic vascular disease (coronary heart disease (CHD), atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease (CVD), or peripheral arterial disease (PAD)) from 51 hospitals in 14 cities of China were screened for a large randomized trial. Detailed information about current use of statins and various other treatments was recorded and analyzed by prior disease history, adjusting for various baseline characteristics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 16 860 patients, the mean age was 63 years and 74% were male. Overall, 78% of the patients had documented CHD, 40% had CVD, 5% had PAD and 21% reported more than one condition. The median time from initial diagnosis of vascular disease to screening was 18 months. At screening, the proportions who took various treatments were 83% for antiplatelet agents, 49% for beta-blockers, 47% for statins and 28% for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. The proportion treated with statin was much higher in CHD than in CVD or PAD patients (61% vs. 10% vs. 22% respectively) and decreased significantly with time from initial diagnosis. Simvastatin (mainly 20 mg) and atorvastatin (mainly 10 mg) each accounted for about 40% of total statin use.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In urban China, there is still significant underuse of various proven secondary preventive therapies, with particularly low use of statins in patients with ischaemic stroke.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Atorvastatin , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Drug Therapy , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug Therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Heptanoic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pyrroles , Therapeutic Uses , Secondary Prevention , Methods , Simvastatin , Therapeutic Uses
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1703-1707, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324906

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Well designed randomized trials and meta-analyses have clearly shown that statins reduce the risk of major vascular events, including ischemic stroke, in a wide range of patients and their routine use is recommended for patients at an increased cardiovascular risk. Survivors of a first ischemic stroke are at a risk of recurrence and of other vascular events and statins are generally recommended to reduce this risk. This study investigated how widely statins were being used for such patients in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 6422 patients with a history of ischemic stroke were identified by reviewing medical records at 51 highest-ranking hospitals in 14 cities in China, and invited to attend a screening clinic to assess eligibility for a randomized trial. Their current statin and other drug uses were recorded alongside clinical and demographic characteristics. Univariate chi-square test and multivariate Logistic regression were used to determine the factors associated with treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Only 24% of these patients reported currently taking a statin. The most important predictor of statin use among these patients was prior history of coronary heart disease. History of diabetes or hypertension, as well as treated in university affiliated hospitals is related to increased use. The status had improved significantly during a 2-year period. Atorvastatin (40%) and simvastatin (39%) were the most commonly used.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In China, statins are still underused for secondary prevention among survivors of ischemic stroke. Reasons for this poor use need to be understood in order to increase use of these evidence based therapies.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Female , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke , Drug Therapy
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1143-1146, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246301

ABSTRACT

Twenty-one Chinese literatures and 10 English literatures are included through retrieval of the full text journal database and degree paper database of CNKI and PubMed (1979-2011) in this paper. And the result indicats that regulative effect can be produced on local fascia tissue, corresponding viscera or the form, proliferation of fibroblast and extracellular matrix related factor at acupoints of healthy or pathological rat-oriented animal model through needling, electroacupuncture, moxibustion and pressure. And it has gradually developed into a new tendency of research on acupuncture-moxibustion mechanism.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Mice , Moxibustion , Rats
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